Newspaper Page Text
ASHEVILLE, N. C, DECEMBER 17-19, 1800.
IMMIGRATION CONVENTION EDITION.
THE DAILY CITIZEN,
Real Estate and Loan Broker.
STKUTI.V A IIKOkKKAOK IIUSINKsS.
iii -ins S curtly Placet ft 8 Per Cent.
Mineral .'. Properties
WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA.
Our firm has handled more Timlier
1 .amis and Mineral Properties in Wes
tern Norih C'anilina within the past
j ear than all other dealers rumliined.
We are lain i liar w ith every desira
ble tiinlier tract of any sie in this
section of the Stale, and have made
it our esieeial business to Uroine
thoroughly Ksted as regards
TITLES TO MOUNTAIN LANDS
We have suerior facilities to any.
one in the Stale for handling proicr
ties of this desrriliim, anil have ac
quired a well deserved reputation for
i liise and intelligent buying and ad
vantageous selling. We rclcr to the
kinks of Asheville and to any of the
irominent lawyers of Western North
Carolina. CorreHindeiHc solicited.
jenRs a jenKs,
real estate and insurance.
Known ti Ann to, Mi'ArKK Hi.ih.-k.
JH I'ntlun Ave. A.hcvilk. N. C.
K. II. IIII.I.IAKII,
Asheville, N. C.
CHOICE CITY AND SUBURBAN
MICA, TALC AND STANDING TIMBER.
. Money to Loan.
We cao place money at 8 per cent, on
superior property, semi-annual Interest,
Our New Sub-Division.
Special Offer for a Few Days.
Wr hive nnltl nhuut !fK lot In our nr nub
iHvlftlnn. ninnv nl whlth will Im Intllt Umiii
tliirtttic I tic cum In tt-nr. Wr atltl uta-r thciw
nl (), f.iu, $7.1. lfV. nnrl $JtM, nil vvrv
fnvoriihlc t'-'rm. mil irtvr nn i-quul amount
if the Cumpnity'a tmit nt ir.
THE BKST BAKUAIN 01:1:1:KED
AV ASHE I 'II. I. E REAL ESTATE.
D. S. WATSON,
NOT A SPECULATOR.
IIm sum of the hwl hiulnnM anil roalcloiiea
linucrty In A.lmvllln. for lo.
offm iNiauUful hoiiM ml two Heron ot Unci
(of nnit liKiminn In oltr.) I'rlna $.. Don't
full to rail. Muuthwut tor. Court Siiuiiro.
IF YOU WANT
In Axliuvllls or rlnlnltjf, anil Umn or write la
BIGELOW & JONES,
Real Kstate and Investment
No. 39 Patton Avonuo, Room 8.
I...i H..LM.L.J I "Ati-Wdm In Mnnr
JUSl C UIJIISIIBU I Qmwtlon. Ahonl Ah-
Till." I'ouKCl pftinuuiw. xrwm on Apiiimuuu
THE OBJECTS OF THIS SOUTHERN OR
GANIZATION. no. r. ii. rm i. to ri'N
The Ureul Field nnd the Ureiil
Work IjInK before the Work
en la hl Hotly.
The convention uf the Southern
States, called to n.eet in this city
on tho 17th instant, is no longer
an event of the future. It in up
on us; und the delegates from nil
piirtn of the South mid West are
milking their appearance, ready
to take action and intelligent
part in the matters that shall
come before it. An ennobling
f. s. coriiT norsK
spectacle will present itself when ,
such a body of representative men j
shall meet to confer upon the in
terests of the South ; not the in
terests of polities, not the inter
ests of war or pence; not even
upon the interests of section, ex
cept so far ns nre to be brouuht
about the sectional equality in
thiiifis industrial and commercial,
in which it is not to be denied,
the South has been deprived or
her equal share. Without trench
ing upon the domain of politics
it must be said that national con
sideration has been given to the
South chiefly as the great produc
tive lield of raw material ; ns the
bountiful store house for those
great staples which give vitality
to the industries and commerce of
the civilized world, thereby be
coming nt once the source und re
gulator of the stupendous busi
ness transactions which charac
terize the present era. In other
words, the South has been relied
upon to produce the raw material,
w hile to others accrued the prolits
of conversion of the manufactur
ed article of which the South, the
producer of said raw material,
was expected, w ith the rest of the
world, to lie a profitable consum
er; subjecting herself to the hum
iliation of dependence; when
proper apprehension of conditions
might teach her that it lay in her
power to convert those conditions
into elements of unrivalled nnd
resistless strength, nnd enable In r
to dictate terms, rather than
longer meekly accept such as hud
been somewhat contemptuously
For a survey of her terri
tory, of her resources, of her
productions, might tench her
that she was not compell
ed to subordination, whether
self imposed, or whether accepted
through long continued habit.
She might learn, that while she
possessed practically the monopo
ly of the production of the great
staples of cotton, tobacco, rice
nnd sugar, that the extent of her
territory, tho fecundity of her
soil, the variety and flexibility of
hercliinatcniadeit possible for her
to bo self sustaining apart from
those great staples; and ns to
these, with reliance upon her
ability t1 provide abundantly the
others, she might so control them
as to forever free from artificial
fluctuations of (ho market, from
the tyranny of the money lender,
from the arbitrary harshness of
the creditor. She might sell
when she pleased, hold when she
pleused, or manufacture when she
pleaded. And to do this last de
pended u-pon her own sagacity,
energy and enterprise. For on
the whole face of the globe there
is nowhere presented such a
happy combination o' industrial
incidents j of the monopoly of in
estimably valuable products, of
circumjacent territory which sup
plies abundantly the food at once
for the farm laborer and the fac
tory operative, of the multitudi
noustreams to supply motive
potMj5f climate which permits
uninterrupted mechanical labor
through all seasons of the year,
of navigable streams or artilicial
highway to bear away to conven
ient ports the output of farm or
And when to this is added the
discovery that the South is richer
in mineral treasure than any
other part of the world, that its
coal trcasiires.dill'used from Mary
land to Alabama, and exhaust leas,
that its iron beds have no limit to
breadth mid depth nnd value of
quality, that its gold with scien
tific exploration, might prove it a
veritable Kl Dorado, that in its
oilier precious metals ami its gems
the old fabulous riches of the Ori
ent niav be renewed, does it stand
to reason, is it not repugnant to
common sense that the Miutn.
once awakened to a knowledge of
possessions, should remain inert
and unconcerned? ltutlier should
we not expect that she take up till
the weapons of her energy and
her intelligence, nnd go to work
to improve her fortunes f This
she proposes to do; this she is
I!ut the South does not propose
to do this sellishly, or in sullen
isolation. She is sensible of her
own delicieucies in population
and in capital ; and she invites
the co operation not only of the
people of the South ami West.but
of our brethren of the North and
Northwest, that we may all share
alike in the blessings of the com
To this etid,suiigiiine,Nagacious
and patriotic men have for years
directed their ell'orts. The lirst
step taken was the effort to in
ducement of immigration from
our sister States of the North ;
nnd in March l!M, n session of
the Southern Immigration Asso
ciation of America was held in
Nashville, Teiin. The session was
pleasant, instructive nnd encour
aging; but it was the last held.
It was nevercalled together nguin.
It is probable that the sentiment
of distrust against every southern
movement so sedulously diffused
hy a hostile, political element had
its fatal inlluciice. It was not un
til 1 sss that u new effort was made
and a convention was called to
meet in December of that year in
Montgomery. Alabama. Tliecon
ventiou did assemlile.diil its work,
with such assured success that it
was called to meet again; and
the convention at Asheville is the
The explanation is nt hand:
The work has found its man. In
the general manager, Mr. It.
Chilton, was found n iiian able to
inspire others with hisown views,
to infuse into them his own ener
gies, to arouse in them the samp
ambitions, to inflame in them the
same ardent hopes; nnd, gaining
their conlldence, to organize them
for nction by distinguished execu
tive ability. The wisdom of a
ruler or a general is not more
marked by his own individual
ability than by the selection of
those by whom his purposes are
to lie put into action. His Held
. i . ..." : . i: ... :. ...i . .1... i
oi personal union is iiiniieu ; nun j
ot his agents is to cover a hroad
Held. But in truth everything is
referred buck to himself, and he
is held responsible for failure.aiid
by the same rule should receive
the honors of success. Measured
by this standard, to Mr. Chilton
is due the merit that the present
association has not only lived to
gather in its second session, but
to onen with warmer enthusiasm,
with brighter hopes, mid wider try, justillos full details of its
views than ut the period of its growth, institutinnsandcharaeter
hist adjournment. , istics.
He will bo the presiding genius j Asheville, originally called
of the convention ; his will lie the Moiristown, subsequently linnied
guiding In lid in its deliberations; j in honor of tiovernor Samuel
his will he the inspiring soul in , Ashe, a soldier of revolutionary
its conceptions. fame, was created tliceonnty seat
Who is Mr. Chilton? many will i 0f liuncoiuhe county in 1 7: . It
ask, for information. We must is about eighteen miles west of
(live that in brief, regret fiilly,foo, the lilue Itidgo, situated on an
that it should lie so; for he is one ! elevated broken plateau nbout
of that nobler class of human hen- j M foe) above the French I'.road
efaetors who, "making two blades j ,-jVer which skirts it on the West,
of grass to grow where one crew and the Swaiinanoa river, about
before." is more to he honored two miles distant onthesoiith. and
than if, in pursuing his early mil- is protected by ramie of heights
itary career, he had been crowned on the east. The whole forms an
with the must unfading laurels of
From an exchange we make the
following extract, which must sul
lice, lest we extend our article to
wearying length :
"He is the son of Kev. Tlionia
Chilton, a liaplist minister and a
great leader of progress in tin
days of Henry Clay and w itli Cla
represented Kentucky in the I'ni
ted States Congress. Hon. V. Ii.
Chilton was born in I Ml. lie is
a stalwart iiiauof great st.itueand
much endurance, an unceasiiio
worker and a ready debator. At
the age of sixteen he entered the
ranks of the Confederate service,
ami from time to time he was
commended and promoted for his
cool bravery mid courage. Many
of his kinspeople held important
positions in the Coi federate er
vicc und Confederate Congress.
Since the surrender of l.ee and
Johnston, Mr. Chilton has been
u leader in industrial movements,
and quoting from a work on Tex
as ollicinls. No plan has been too
large or detail too small to enlist
his best energies. A glorious
fruition has crowned his labors,
ami to-day Texas owes a debt of
gratitude to Mr. Chilton w hich no
mere worldly consideration can
repay. He has been her benefac
tor indeed, nnd has done much
more perhaps than any one man
living, to develop her resources
und peoplo her land, ropulaliou
and capital capital ami labor
and energy. These are the agents
of development, anil development
tlu- menus ot civilization, ami
these Frank Chilton lirst under
took to introduce from the worn
out older Slates from over-crowded
F.uropo, and from the laud of
money and meanness, the ,ew
F.uglaiid of America. He con
ceived the idea of forming a gi
gantic scheme, in which all the
Southern States would participate
to a common end; to pool their
interest nnd distribute the pro
ceeds, something alter the man
ner of the freight system in oper
ation among the powerful rail
roads ol America ; a ml the more
ho dwelt upon the idea, the more
plausible und feasible it appeared,
till in his mind the great .South
ern luter-State Immigration As
sociation Such is the picture ; such is the
man, lie stands before you, the
louder in industrial progress. Ho
leads to peace not to war; to
prosperity, not to devastation ; to
the liberation of the South from
the ellects of its own indolence or
want of sagacity, not to sectional
independence und hostility, and
misconstruction. His methods
lead to the equalization of the
South in its industrial and com
mercial relations with all the rest
of the country, no longer to re
main as a foster child or nn alien
member of cur great body poli
tic, denied the favor which comes
from the bestowal of national
bounty und the trust und confi
dence that is given to the equal.
With Mich a man, w ith such a
leader, with one who has done so
much in the past, from one by
whom so much is to be done in the
future, there should be but one
voice in theselectionof a General
Manager. Lkt Mil Ciiii.tijn iik
HK-KLKCTUD 11 Y ACCLAMATION.
WHAT IT IS AND WHAT IT IS NOT,
I HH ATTH WTION l.
tvr.tui: it oi'i'cit.
Th. I iiiii-iill'l-l Urowtii of ii j including the public square, has
l-iMh-tMi lii !..-IJ.ooo . wjth themost improved
in iM.o-n.e Iii.-i-.-iim In M1(.,1(),s of brick paving ; an ef
Men i Hi. iVctive system of water workscon-
The importance of the city, in j necteil with a large ami unfailing
relation to Western North Curn-
j linn, to the whole State, and, of
recent years, to the whole coun -
irregular undulating surface of
aboul two miles from enl to wesl
and a practically unlimited ex
tent I ruin north to south. The
mean elevation is .'.'.'."ill feet above
sea-level or according to recent
measurements made by govern
ment engineers, not yet ollicially
auiiounced, J).'S,,i feet. The con
figuration of t In' ground all'ords
every facility for thorough drain
age, and the elevation secures
perfect salubrity of air, conditions
which conduce to the reputation
the place long since earned as a
secure health resort.
Since the city has been made
o a s i I y ai'i'es-.ilile to visitors,
vvlutherfor health, pleasure, or
business, there has been steady
increase of population, liy the
census of l!ss;i, the number of in
habitants was i.iiui), By a city
census taken in thespringof lMi,
it wu 7,'2.HI. At present, with
a recent registration ns the basis
of calculation, it may bo safely
estimated at I'.'.iHKI. This steady
and relatively rapid increase, is
chiefly, if not altogether, due to
the facilities of access furnished
by the several railroads entering
Asheville, nil of which directly
and closely connect with the wide
ly extended system of the whole
tii k xkw i'irst
The inlliience of what has nl-
ready been ell'ected in railroad
construction w a s iumediately
manifest. Permanent settlers
poured in from North und South,
from Fast and West. Men and
families from the New Kngland
States, from the Middle States,
from the Northwest, Illinois ami
Minnesota, Colorado, Kansas ami
California, resorted hitlie' in
search of a climate w hich, wheth
er in winter or summer, had spec
lie virtues in pulmonary rrouiiies
Some of these new comers were
persons ol wealth und leisure
others came with business views,
some for health alone; but many
of them to unite their fortunes
with those of Asheville; nnd
both combining to adorn the city
with costly and clgant dwellings
and advance it by tho adoption
: V - J- MM Mil Kimfl.-Se-MTV,C)i.-i
I of such measures of improvement
j as were needed for development,
essential to public convenience,
and imperative for the security j
of public health. Thus within I
the past five years, live miles of
macadamized streets replace the
i old mud-buried thoroughfares,
while a portion of .Main street,
stream of pure mountain water,
; distributes through lifteen miles
iol ten-iin h pipe an aliiindant
supply, a well tested safeguard
against the spread of lire, and of
invaluable service in a multitude
of economic forms.
A well planned and well exe
cuted system of sewerage, com
plete facilities for drainage and
all purposes of cleanliness, trav
ersing every thoroughfare, and
beiiigconnected with every build
ing, public and private, mid laid
under lifteen or more miles of
Ample facilities exist for light
ing stieets and buildings by gas
ami by electricity.
A street railway worked by
eleetrcity, beginning at the depot
on the Western North Carolina
railroad, extends thence through
the principal streets of the city.
Another electric road extending
to the Sulphur Springs, four and
a half miles from Asheville, is
soon to be constructed. The iron
bridge by which it will cross the
French Hroad river, is already
Asheville is now readily reach
ed by double daily trains, with
speed and luxury, from all parts
of the country.
I u order to a clearer understand
ing on the part of the reader, it
may be well to state lirst, and in
WHAT AsllDVII.I.K IS SOT.
It is not a mere watering place,
closed for a large part of the year.
It is a health resort all the year
It is not a mountain village
wilh a depot, a side-track, a store
and a lintel, but a large and grow
ing city with four railroad lines
and others building, witli water,
gas, electricity, street cars, pave
inents, and other modern neces
sities. It is not a place whore men
never die. where one may abuse
nature with impunity, whe e im
morality prevails, ami there nre
no policemen. 1 int it is a nature's
' . t. ... ii 'M BI'l'.U...nii"- .
great sanitarium where exhausted
, vitality is restored, and in its
ozonized atmosphere thr germs of
tubercular disease cannot propa
gate. It is not a hot climate.
It is not a cold climate.
It is not summer all the year
It is not winter nine months in
It is not anywhere near the sen-
f hore, but miles straight inland,
among tne wouucriui moiiniaius
j of the Alleghany and Mine
It is not an unknown place, but
already entertains li(),0(M) visitors
It is not u sectional resort, but
is patronized by North und South
uontini kd on kouktii i'aok.
GWYN & WEST,
Established I SSI.
Refer to I'.anks and blading Cilicns.
Loans Securely Placed at 8 per cent.
( 'ominissioncrs of 1 Iceds.
Office: Southeast Conn Square.
This Company owns fS5 acres,
partly within the corporate lim
its, but chielly to the Northeast of
t he City. This line body of land has
a frontage of 'JS.Vl ft. on Charlotte
Street anil its extension, and in
cludes I .VI acres below Sunset
Hrive. It embraces the top and
sides of Sunset (formerly called
Smith's) Mountain for over a
mile, from which the finest views
in this vicinity can be had. The
Asheville V Craggy Mountain
Railway is being graded through
this property, anil in a few (lay
will be completed to the top of
Sunset Mountain. This land was
purchased Oct. 1st, ut 200,)il0,
ami some stock can be had at par
with K per cent, interest since
GWYN & WEST,
Southeast Court Square.
L P. McMH'U,
i. E. RANKIN, Cu-hlor.
Asheville, N. C.
Capital $50,000. Surplus $23,000.
State, City County Depository.
Interest l'nlil on Deposits or Four
Months or l.oniror In Sar
lints leiaitiiM iit.
I e is Maddux.
M. .1- I . .Kg.
J. K. Kccd.
. K. Kankin.
C. M. McLoad.
J. Y.. Kay.
S. II. Reed,
(leo. S. Powell.
M. J. Ilcardcn.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY.
0. C. WADDl.l.l President.
W. W. BARNARD Vice-Pan.
1 , A WRKNCF l'l'I.I.IAM Cash icr.
Richmond Pearson, Geo. A. Shuford,
J. I.. Carroll, D. C. Wa.Ulell,
J. P. Sawyer, T. W. Patton,
W. W. Barnard.