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This Paper is 35 Yeabs.Old
, CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 5; 1887..
1 VOLUME XXXVI. NUMBER 1823
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PUBLISHKD KTBBT FeIDAT BY ,
YATES & STRONG.
Tbbm& One Dollar and Fifty Cents for 1 year.
One Dollar for 6 months. '
Subscription price due in advance. ' ' '
Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N
V., as aecond class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department.
( Under New Management
Newly Furnished and Equipped
In the best style.
Hot and Cold Baths. Patronage solicited.
Give ua a trial. Rates, $3 and 2.50 perday.
SCOV1LLE & BROOKENBROUGH,
Feb. 26, 1887. y
J. P. McCOMBS, M. D.t
Oflew hi9 professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown'9 building, up stairs, opposite
Jan. 1, 18S5.
Dr. Annie L. Alexander,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice limited to diseases of WOMEN and
CHILDREN, and attention to Female patients.
Office, at Mrs Latham's, 214 South Tryon
street, nearly opposite the Post Office.
Charlotte, May 27, 1887. tf
.. BUB WELL. P. D. WALKER.
BTJRWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts
Office in Law Building.
HUGH W. HARRIS.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice In the State and Federal Courts.
Office, First door west of Court House.
Oct. 17. 1885.
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
iVill practice in all the Courts of this State.
Prompt attention given to collections.
Nov. 7, 1885. tf
P.. I. OSBORNE.
W. C. MAXWELL.
OSBORNE & MAXWELL,
AttOirrieys at Law.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Lrv ill practice in the State and Federal Courts.
tW Offices 1 and 3 Law Building.
July 3, 188S. y
HAMILTON C. JONES,
Attorney at Law.
ClIABLOTTB, s N. C.
Will practice in the State Courts, and in all
the Federal Courts in the Western District.
Jan. 8,-1886. y
G. P. BASON,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal
'Courts. Office No. 16, Law Building.
Jan. 14, 1887. y .
DR. M. A. BLAND.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
'Office iu Brown'i building,,! opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb. 15. 1884.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
HOFFMAN & ALEXANDER,
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Ulllce over A. R. Nisbet & Bro's store. Office
flours irom a a. M. to 5 P. M.
. B. SPKING8. E. B. BUB WELL.
SPRINGS & BTJRWELL.
Grocers &, Commission Merchants,
Cor. College and 4th Sts.,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Jan. 1, 1837. '
S- S. BURWELL, E. B. SPRINGS, . A. LEE
Burwell, Springs & Lee,
Charlotte. N. C.
Offices at Chambers old Livery Stable, and at
r ? - -uiBci, oiore, on uoiiege street
near the Cotton Platform.
in Ann i " 7""cjuu sen. no waui
10,000 Bales Cotton this season for direct ship
ment to Ltvemnnl. anA n-n ..n :
Ln nan la see nt hnfn.. i tit .
1 -nuiuHv realize mai 10
eet it we must nav fall mt.; : . .
ratf it. m ft v ntv vin tn in. nn '
, ..J l' J J v' v DVW 3.
24,1886;" S1KING3 LEK
Havm? secured the services of one of the very
best of Bakers, I am prepared to furnish Bread
iuu ctiij hULii iu me naKeiy line
S. M. HOWELL
Feb. 1 1, 1837. , , , , i r , j East Trade 8treet
Blood and Liver Pills.
Kinrr's Pilla urn nAnnltarlv mrtnnlaA In v
lOWinff DiafiftSPfl Rilinni Tnt-Armlftant T-
mittent Fevers, Sick Headache, Piles, Indiges
""u, vuawvenesa, uoiic. jaundice, uropsy
Dysentery, Heartburn. Loss of ADoetite. Dva
PP'a. Diseases of the Liver, Kidneys and
Bladder, Eruptions of the Skin, Nervousness,
ana all Disorders that arise front a Diseased
ui ver or impure Blood. For sale by
BURWELL & DUNN, Druggists,
April 15, 1837. Charlotte, N. I
A Chemical Milestone. The dis
covery of a ' new gas is a rare and inv
portaut event to chemist. Such a dis
covery has been announced in Germany
by Dr. Theodore Curttas, who has suc
ceeded in preparing the long-sought hy
dride of nitrogen, amidogen, diamide, or
hydrazine, as it is variously called. This
remarkable body, which bas hitherto
baffled all attempts at isolation, is now
shown to be a gas, perfectly stable up to
a very high temperature, of a peculiar
odor differing from that oi ammonia, ex'
ceedingly soluble in water, 'and of basic
properties. In composition it is nearly
identical with aramouia, both being com
pounds of nitrogen and hydrogen.
To Exchange for Oats or
, COTTON SEED.
One Thoroughbred Jersey Bull Calf entitled
to be registered, traces to Bomba, St. Helien,
Eurotaa 1 w ice i Room nasi a
(the Parana Stephens Cow.) None better bred.
One Bull Calf, three-fourths Jersey and one
fourth Ayrshire, and one very fine Heifer Calf,
half Jersey and half Ayrshire. Also, four pure
bred 8outhdown Buck Lambs. The Cotton Seed
can be delivered this Fall.
S. B. ALEXANDER,
July 29, 1887. P. O., Charlotte, N. C
Having qualified as Administrator of the
Estate of David W. McDonald, deceased, I
hereby notify all persons holding claims against
said deceased to present the same to me on or
before July 20th, 1888, or this notice will be
pleaded in bar of their recoveiy ; and all per
sons indebted to said deceased are requested to
make prompt payment.
JNO. R. ERWIN,
July 15, 1887. 6w Administrator.
We are now ready to buy WOOD for our
Factory. Parties having Hickory and White
Oak to sell would do well to call on us.
lm Charlotte, N. C.
July 8, 1887.
The undersigned having been duly qualified as
Executor of the last Will and Testament of Mrs
Susan Spratt Finch, before the Probate Conrt of
Mecklenburg county, on the 24th day of June,
loo, nereDy notmes all persons holding claims
against the Estate of his Testatrix, to present the
same to him for payment on or before 20th July,
1888, or this notice will be pleaded in bar of
their recovery. All persons indebted to said
Estate will make payment to him.
K. 8 FINCH,
Executor of Mrs 8usan 8. Finch
July 15, 1887. 6w
And all the leading PATENT MEDICINES
ior sale Dy
It. H. JORDAN & CO.
March 26, 1886.
And Real Benefits for the People.
Everything that belongs to Summer Goods
marked down to prices never before heard of in
Come and see them, and you will be con
vinced of the truth of what we claim.
And thus secure the cream of the many bargains
we are daily offering.
E. L. KEESLER & CO.
June 3, 1887.
Don't forget that we are at our new stand on
College street and still alive.
We are very near "HEADQUARTERS" for
Goods in our line.
8PRINQS & BURWELL.
Paid in Cash or Trade, at
ROSS & ADAMS'
Book and Stationery Store, No. 17 8. Tryon St.
July 9, 1886.
New Stock, Low Prices.
We are rapidly filling our large and handsome
New Store with New Goods to reDlace Stock
destroyed by the fall of our building 14th May
The Merchants of the surrounding countrv
have only to give us a trial to be convinced that
we arc selling Hardware as low as any bouse in
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Oct. 9. 1886. .
A. R. & W. B. NISBET,
Wholesale and Retail
Grocers and Confectioners,
Tobacco, Cigars, Musical Instruments, &c
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
The best stock ef Groceries, Confectioneries
Prize Candies, Toys, Musical Instruments,
Strings, Tobacco, Cigars, Snuff, Wooden-Ware
Paper Bags, Canned Goods, Glass jellies, Crack
ers, Powder, Shot, Salt, &c, in the city, will be
iouna at our
Wholesale and Retail Store.
Call and see us befpre buying.
A. R.& W.B. NISBET
Bread, Cakes and Pies
Of every description. Hot Rolls every even
S. M. HOWELL'S BAKERY.
Sept. 17, 1886. Trade Street
We have the Improved Tnbular Lantern ; also
the Buckeye, with Double Globes.
R. H. JORDAN & CO.
Dr. Scott's iElectric Hair ? Curler
immediately crimps, bangs or curls the Hair to
any desired shape. If or sale by
R. H. JORDAN & CO.
CHICKEN CHOLERA CURE.
A certain Cure for Cholera, for sale by
W. M. WILSON & CO..
Charlotte, N. C
Emulsion Cod Liver Oil at
r W. M. WILSON & CO'S.
- ? ! Butter Color'
l'or making Yellow Butter. - j ,
' " W. M. WILSON & CO..
March 18, 1887. Druggists-
' ' ; ' Sometime. ;y ;
Sometime, tired , heart of mine 7 J, , . :'y
. Yoa shall have a long, Jong rest, .
.And the quiet evening sun, ,tl. f
Sloping outward to the West, ,.'
, Creeping in the casement wide, , ,
Shall look OQ a quiet breast; . .' 7
Though, the birds may coo and call
. As the, deeper shadows fall
. t s . You may rest. (
3 Sometime, patient eyes of minf," M ,
You may take a long, long sleep; '
"Though the early morning sun
All along the wall shall creep,
Waxen eyelids will not lift
Erom thd watching which they' keep;
Though a sunbeam overbold,
' Seek to part your curtain's fold r'
: ' . - . You may sleep. '
Someiime, striving bands of mine,
There will be a long, long peace; . . .
Loosened irom .the tasks. yoa hold, ;; - v
Into new and sweet release,
Other hands must place you close, -
In a dumb amen for grace.
Eveu love's touch, soft and warm,
Dare not break such prayerful form
; Of your peace. , ,
. Sometime, restless feet of mine,
There will come a long, long day,
When you need not cross the sill
. From the flushing till the gray; -Other
steps must bear you forth
To the place where clay is clay,
Though I led you out at light,
They will bring you home when night
Ends our day.
The Chicago Mail quotes a sensible
father as saying: ''No, Bir; when my
daughter is married there thall be no big
wedding ii my counsel is of any weight,"
said a prominent and wealthy business
man a few days ago. "My daughter's fu
ture happiness is dearer to me than my
life, and for that very reason I object to a
big wedding. 'Why,' did you aek? Sim
ply because a big wedding means a dray
load of presents for her, and consequently
a burden of obligations that will last her
a life time. Only a little while ago a
young lady was married in this city, and
at the ceremony was the recipient of 225
wedding gifts. Think of it, 225 obliga
tions to begin housekeeping on! Each
one of those 225 presents means au obliga
tion which will last not only during this
generation, but the next and the next.
Each giver will either marry or have a
daughter or a son or a nephew marry, and
this bride, with her 225 presents, will hear
of the wedding and, to be fair, will have
to send a present in return. Some of the
presents mayhap, come from a big family
of girls, one present for 'the family. As
each girl is married oft she will expect
something for the investment she collec
tively made at this 225 wedding, and will
be disappointed if she does not get it.
No, sir, 1 can make by daughter all the
presents she wants, and I m delighted that
I'm able to do it, and for it she owes me
nothing; in fact, she is my daughter and I
owe her everything."
Lincolnton, Lincoln Co., N. C.
A School for both sexes. Wide awake and up
with the times. Thorough, practical and relia
ble. Prepares for College or for Business. The
success of our pupils our best advertisement.
Location healthy. Of easy access by Railroad
JMext session begins tne last Wednesday in
We want you to see a Circular. Please send
for one to
D. MATT. THOMPSON,
July 29, 1887. 6w Principal
No Institute for Young Ladies in the South
has advantages superior to those offered here in
every department Collegiate, Art and Music.
Only experienced and accomplished Teachers
engaged. The building is lighted with Gas,
warmed with the best wrought-iron Furnaces,
has Hot and Cold Water Baths, and first-class
appointments as a Boarding School in every
respect no school in the South has superior.
For Catalogue, with full particulars, address
: Rbv. WM. II. ATKINSON,
July 22, 18S7. . lm Charlotte. N. C
Raleigh, N. C.
The Fall Sesbion commences on the first Wed
nesday in September (6th day) and ends the first
Wednesday in J unc, loss.
Every department of instruction filled by ex
perienced and accomplished Teachers.
Building, the largest and most thoroughly
equipped in the State. Heated by Steam, and
Study Hall lighted by Electricity.
Soecial rates for two or more from same
family. . ?
. For Circulars and Catalogue, address
Rev. R. BURWELL & SON,
July ,8, 1887. 2m. .. . Raleigh, N. C,
! Greensboro Female College,
, GREENSBORO, N. C,
The Sixty-Fifth Session of this well equipped
and nrosoerous School will begin on the 24th of
August, 1887. Faculty able, accomplished and
iaithiuL instruction tnorougn. ijocauon neaim
ful. Fare good. '
Special advantages offered in the Departments
oi Music, Art, Elocution, ana uioaern languages
Charges moderate, iror uataiogue appiy io
T. M. JONES.
June 24. 1887. 2m President.
Water Closet Seat, a new and valuable device
For further information apply to: ; , ; t ,
E. NYE HUTCHISON, M. D..
Charlotte, July 22, 1887. Agt. for Patentee.
GROCER I E S, ET C
THE BEST STOCK
Heavy, and Fancy .Groceries,
Fruits jjCanned ; Goods, etc, can be found at
" A. R. & W. B. NISBET
To Farmers and Merchants.
pounds Blue Stone, Wholesale and
W. M. WILSON & CO.,
Averill Ready-Mixed Faints are considered
the best. For sale by
W. M. WILSON & CO.,
Sept. 10, 1886. Druggists
- Where Bats - Spend the .Winter. '
:15ats in cold .climates hibernate; during
the winter, says a-, writer in the San Fran
cvsoo Call; in other words, they are , na-,
bled to enter a dormant state and live for
months without eating. ; . So complete Js
this feleep that in cases examined the, most
delicate lust mraeut failed to detect breath-
ng on the part of the animal, and in an
other instance the bat was placed under
water without any apparent barm result
og from' the extended ' bath.' The deep
steeps are generally passed ' in ' trunks of
trees or caves, and In the'9 latter,, myriads
of bats are often found. As soon as the
Insect supply is cut off, at the commence'
ment of cold weather, the bats take to. the
caves, and do uot appear until Spring;
but in the country they are out al! winter,
perhaps retiring unusually cold spells.
Bats have their value and devour a' large
number of insects, from the mosquito to
the larger foTmB.,s.S&me of the1- American
ndiana do not object'jto roast bat, : and
the big fruit bats of the' Indian peninsula
are considered great luxuries by the na
tives. As these animals have a stretch of
wings five feet, it must require no little
moral courage to eat one. In the early
geological ages some remarkable batlike
oreature existed, though they were in re
ality reptiles; yet some found east of the
Rocky Mountains were, as far as appear
ances go, enormous toothless oats, une
American form bad a vpread of wing twen
ty-two feet. The remains of one of these
giants can be seen in the museum of Yale
College, with another from Europe that is
doubtless the most remarkable flyer ever
discovered or even thought of. Unlike its
American cousin, it was small, and resem
bled a bat with a pelican-like bill armed
with sharp teeth. The tail, however, was
the most wonderful feature. It was lon
ger than the body, and terminated in a
veritable paddte that was a fao simile of a
tenuis racket, and served this curious fly
er as a rudder.
The Time to Work. ;
The time to work is when the opportu
nity presents when we are able to work,
when the nerves are steady, the step elas
tic and the eyesight dear.
"Man is fearlully and- wonderfully
made " and there is no telling how soon a
part of the intricate and delicate mechan
ism may set out ol order, permanently it
may be, and then our usefulness is im
paired, it not gone torever. then come
vain longings for neglected opportunities
and deep regret for misspent days and
months and years. But to you these days
are gone, and the sweet flowers of oppor
tunity will bloom for waiting hands that
are ready to pluck them. '
Generations ago. the poet told the world
of a sly thief that was robbing men ol val
uables more precious than silver or gold,
and yet this same thief with brazen face
stalks abroad over the land to-day as bold-
y as did he in the days of did. His vie
time, too, are more numerous than ever.
The name of this wonderful rogue is Pro
crastination "the thief of time." He is
sly fellow, too, and such a flatterer. How
he tickles all sorts of folks and makes tbetn
believe that they are so smart that they
need not be in a nurrv. ttiat they can ac
complish a great deal in a little while, and
there is no nse to be in a hurry they have
lots of time yet time to throw away aud
to spare. , vreat naiierers are apt : to pe
bier liars, and Mr Procrastination is not
lake the tide at its nood, il you cam
13ut do not let precious opportunities go
by unimproved. Ihe spectator.
. Playing it very low Down.'
A man from Minnesota moved to Dako
ta this week and bought a farm a few
miles from Sioux Falls. He was just set
tied, when, day belore yesterday, a man
with a book under his arm leaned over the
fence and said:
"Just bought this land, stranger?"
"Mighty fine farm." T
"Must be worth $2,000."
"More'h that. I paid $3,000 for
Then there are indications of coal on
which are alone worth $5,000."
Yes, sir. There's coal on it sure.
Then the new railroad is going to cross
one corner and a town is platted there
now. I consider my farm worth $15,000
of any man's money." i n..; ! ..;
( "Fifteen thousand, hey?" 1( . - - t
- "Yes, sir, $15,000 at least I woulds't
take a cent less. What are yoa patting
down in the book?", , . . .
"Oh, nothing much.; . You seel am the
assessor., ' Other farms around . here , ain't
worth more'n fifteen hundred or two thou
sand, but I've just put yours down at the
figure you mentioned, seein's yoa insist.
Oood morniu' sir, glad you've, moved in
to the neighborhood. Dakota JSelL .
, i, . . :
- Men who complain most loudly
about the inequalities of the human lot are
generally a little , blind .to those great
stores of wealth and blessing that no class
can monopolize, aud no wealth can buy.
a good opening:
I will sell a halt interest in my BOOT AND
SHOE STORE, to an active man of eocd busi
ness record. . Purchaser must have Ready Money.
The business has amounted to $ 65,000 a year
retaiL The House is well established, and 1 deal
directly with the Manufacturers of National
Proposals open until Sept. 1st.
W. W. PEGRAM.
16 South Tryon street. Charlotte, N. C.
July 29, 1887. ,
North Carolina, Mecklenburg County.
In the Superior Court Before J. M. Morrow, Clerk.
. J. Dulinand wife Mattie A. Duhn, Geo A.
Ballard and wife Susan L Ballard, FlaintiHa,
' . Against ,
Alice Furr. Florence Lilly Furr. Wm. Clarence
Furr. Virgil Furr and Jas. Furr, Defendants.
To the Defendants above named : ,
You are hereby notified that this is a special
oroceeJinz to obtain partition of Land in which
you are interested as tenants in common; that
the cause will be heard oa Monday. 12th day of
September, A. D. 1837, at my office in Charlotte,
N. C, at which time and place yoa are required
to appear and answer or demur to the complaint
herein hied, this JUiy otn, IB37. . -, -"
" 7 ' 1 . Z ' J. H. MORROW,
I July 15,1887. ,6w " . Clerk Superior Court
Tar-Heel Squirrels. , , , . ,
. A farmer named Corner of Roane coun
ty. " v a., nas invented a new. plan to
catch squirrels, which, has proved, a,, great
success, lie has a large corn-field which
borders on. the woods, and ? which the
squirrels have, almost devasted daring the
past season. Having hit upon a plan, he
first watched the animals, and found that
when tht-y had made a. raid and retired
they retreated to the woods . almost inva
riably along one particular line of, fence.
Having learned this fact, Corner covered
the top rails of. that line of fence with tar;
patting on a heavy coat. .This he did . in .
the evening, and m the morning when he
went to tbe held he. saw a long line, of
squirrels running along the fenee toward
the . They, succeeded in clearing
the fenle, bat when they struck the. woods
the leaves aud sticks staoh to their feet so 1
badly. that they could'not climb the , trees
nor ran very, f n&xw ion t he, leaye.v Xhe
nrst .capture amounted to twenty-seven
quirrels. and within a week Corner had
killed aud captured over one hundred
squirrels by his unique device. , .
Scarcity of Birds. . . :
Who that lives in tbe country does not
notice in the . last few - years a great
scarcity of small birds? The mocking
bird formerly built her nest in tbe trees
around the Southern farmers' home and
sang merrily every spring to amuse tbe
family where she was hospitably treated.
Numerous other birds made their appear
ance near Southern homes and on South
ern larms in the enrios and remained all
summer a merry, happy, singing, twit
tering, nervous crew that everybody ad-.
mired, lhey oome and sing no more
boy6, hunters, negroes have killed them
foi spoat and to cook and eat! Their
wings, heads and whole bodies in count
less thousands have been sold for orna-
meuts to gratify female pride and vanity.
We never see a lady's bonnet bordered
with the carcasses or wings of slaughtered
songsters of the forest that it does not re
mind us of the coffin and the sepulchre.
Paul Jones, the leading and able
writer for the Southern Cultivator, says
"Cotton seed meal is a highly nitroge
nous manure, tends to make abundant
foliage, and other things being equal, re
tards maturity. As lailure to manure is
one of the defects of first year's new
ground, large doses of cotton seed meal
do not seem indicated. - But on the other
hand, as cotton grows off slowly on Buch
land, something to give il a good start-off
is desirable. Phosphates in - moderate
quantities seem to hasten maturity in vir
tue of its Beed-prodncins tendency. Henoe
a little meal and a fair amount of phos
phates seem indicated for a first' years
new ground.' "Thirty pounds of meal and
one hundred and fifty pounds of "phos
phates for an acre might be used. For
the second and third years new ground
no special difference in the proportion be
tween meal and phospbate is called for.
Fifty pounds of meal and one hundred and
fifty pounds of phosphate per acre will
answer. For old, worn land the quantity
of meal may be largely Increased, say one
hundred pounds of meal to one hundred
and fifty pounds of phosphate."
-. ' - m -
Coins, is thk Mouth. The Boston
Herald says on the subiect of ladies and
others using the mouth to hold coins: "It
is quite common among women, who, un
der such , circumstances never seem to
have quite hands ' enough, and so they
press their mouths into service to do what
is not only a vulgar thing, but absolutely
filthy. The nickle which is ' taken from
the purse may have recently left a 'hand
unwashed since it fondled a child 'dying
with diphtheria or other infectious disease.
Or it may have come from the hand ot a
man suffering with tbe most loathsome of
disorders. : None will doubt but the habit
in question is thoughtlessly indulged, bat
ii you nave u, oreaic yourseu oi u, ana,
never again be guilty of such atrocity."
Beowx Reins or Saddle Leather.
Unstained leather may be colored a fine
chestnut brown by treating it daily for a
week or more with a solution of pine and
alder barks. The bark is leached with
ram water, usinar. by balk, ten times as
much water as ground bark, returning the
water to the leach until all the coloring
matter is extracted from the bark." The
leather is then laid into the water, and
allowed to remain until wet, then hang
up to dry. By repeating the process
three or four times, a fine color is secured
v ' . mi
Idlf" The eight longest rivers in the
world accoidinc " to the calculations of
Maj. Gen. A. Von Tiblio of Germany; are as
follows: Miasoari-MisBissippi, 4,194 miles;
Nile, 4,020; Yang-tse-Kian, 3,158; Ama -
zon, 3,063; Yenesei-Scangs, 2,950; Amor,
2.950; ; Congo, 2,883; 1 Mackenzie 2,868,
The ' length of tbe Missoari-Mississippi is
taken from-, the report of Messrs Hum
Dhrevs and Abbott. Kloders estimates it
at 3,658 miles."
"Why haven't I a 600-acre farm as well
as that man riding .by in his carriage?"
veiled a red-nosed anarchist orator as be
glanced at the crowd. - "Because he saved
$600 and bought his larm when it cost
him one dollar an acre, and yoa poured
your $600 down your throat," responded
a man on tbe back seat, - and the orator
asked no more conundrums. Chicago
Tribune. ' '
EST The coast of Norway is sinking
gradually, while that of Sweden is emerg
ing more and more, and the Baltic is be
coming shallower." Land-marks on tbe
Swedish coast by the celebrated natural
ist, Linnseas, at the beginning of the
eighteenth century, show that the Up-
. . i e r r
heavai raises mat coast aDout iour leei in
tbe course of a century. ; '
12?" The son "of a butcher had great
difficulty in fractions, although his teach
er did his very best. . ".Now let as sup-
nose. said the teacher. that a customer
came to vonr father to bov five Doands of
meat ' and vour father bad only fonr to
sell: what would he dot" "Keep his hand
was the candid answer.
lr.'Want less than yon have, and yoa
will always have more than you want.
f ,j!Itine.juigiiiia sparrow, ,-li P
auaay jt igv ws urst maae -in- ao-1
qoawtanos of the sparrow, and wo were I
fascinated' by his'sauoy, contented d rol-1
fciy. ii, wu in juunuon, ana jast oatsiaei
iuh wuiuow vuam wnico oar s'.uaieswere i
)yuu w ub eirrieu on. was a leaaen i
rooi wnereou could be observed at every 1
hoar the domestic manners and social cus
toms of these restless little rascals. We
were never Hired of their ' antics their
tempestuous love 'making,- their indefati
gable hoBsekeeping, their- petulant quar
rels, ehirp-tongued 'and sharped-beaked i
too; and they cast shrewd little glances
irom time to lime at as with much tbe ex
pression o; a party oi savages making
merry near the great idol of some ' divini
ty. . bince those days, like most other
we have become rather blase
on this subject, iess responsive to the I
sparrow? advances, and have finally come I
lo consider him no better thaat winged j
rat. la fact he is in one respect a good 1
deal worse, for he is doing what the rats I
cannot do. driving oar song birds 'from 1
bueir luiuicr uiuuti luvut uur uuuitso lu
... . . . ...
aistam ana unknown resorts wnere tney i
can be free from his chattering perseou-1
tions. About oar homes there are fewer I
song birds than ever within oar reool-1
lection. , Not a single cat bird came last
summer, nor could we hear of one about
the neighborhood; not a wren; .not even
the valorous little blue-bird; not a tana-
cer; not a martin; not an oriole. Former
ly there were many, and the groves morn
ing, and evening resounded, with their
mingled notes; last year they were fewer,
this year there are none. A pair of scar
let tanagers and a pair of orohard orioles
were indeed seen lor a , week or so, but
were soon killed or driven off. . . Only the
robins and the spooted thrushes hold their
ground, and who can tell how long they i
will do so? These three pests,' sparrows,
red squirrels and strolling cats, have
among them done the mischief, and every
lover of birds should give orders to have
such vermin shot at sight. American
Defining a Mugwump.
Among the members of the board of
visitors at West Point,' this year, was Dr.
William . Everett of Massachusetts. At
the banquet given to the board of visitors
daring the closing exercises at the acade
my, tbe doctor took occasion to inform the
guests that be was a mugwump and want
ed everybody to know it. This statement
brought Mayor Uourtenay of Charleston,
S. C, to his feet, and said it reminded him
ot a story:
About the time the mugwumps first
sprung into existence an xLogiish .bora
was visiting this country and . devoted
much attention to the study of our insti
tutions and manners. . ihe. constant use
of the term "mugwumps" during the po
litical campaign attracted his notice, so
one day he made bold to ask an American
friend what the word "mugwump ' meant.
"A Republican who votes the Demo
cratic ticket," was tbe reply. ,
."And what do you call a Democrat who
votes: the Republican .ticket?", next in
quired tbe curious Englishman.
"I'd call him a fool, was the friend a
, ihe guests are said to have enjoyed the
bit immensely, with, perhaps, the possi
ble exception of the mugwump, from the
Bay State. JV. Jr. Sun.
The Societt op Ladies. Ulubs are
not good. schools of manners. To acquire
the true grace tact of conversation young
men must trequeni me society oi intelli
gent women. A noted author,' who was
asked recently why he was not oftener
seen at clubs, replied that his favorite
club was bis library, to which : belonged
Shakespeare, uame, uomer ana ait tne
great men of old. and that when be felt
the need of living society he 'preferred
that of ladies," who never asked him to
take a drink, and who had something to
tell more interesting than dubious stories
and second-hand gossip,' - He showed
good sense and good taste in this answer.
We see by Thackeray's letters lately pub
lished, that he was of the same opinion,
though he did not always live op to it.
IST" The statement going through the
rounds of the press, that the average ; sal
ary of preachers in the United States is
$450 per annum, seems to be approxi
mately correct. .This low average is as
high as it is by reason of the large salaries
naid bv a few churches: tbe majority ol
preachers are paid lets. It is not possible
that such a stinted support of the pastors
Of the Charches tends to depreciate Chris
tianity in the estimate of unbelievers? Is
I it not natural for a calculating world to
I take religion at the appraisment put on it
byits supporters? . Somebody , has said
that a religion which costs its possessor
twenty-five cents a year is, not worth to
him twenty-six cents., It would require
great skill in mathematics to disprove the
proposition.? . -; ; :
Max Weil is the richest Jew in
New York, his figure being estimated at
18.000.000. Following him are forty
other millionaires of the same race. , The
Hebrew capital ia the Cotton Exchange
is over $6,000,000, and of city real estate
they bold at least $100,000,000. An esti
mate of the annual transactions of the
wholesale trade of New York done by
Hebrews pats the figures at $262,000,000.
The Chinese boast ; of a series of
eclipses, recorded in the annals of the na
tion, extending . over a . period of 3,900
years, all of which, they affirm, were not
onlyt observed, but were calculated .and
figured in advance., Ihe . golden age of
Chinese astronomy, was from about 2,857
to 480 B. C. . ; . ,
fT In analyzing the character ; of
heroes it is hardly possible to separate
altogether the share of Fortune from their
own. Hallam. .
f37 The greatest thing a human 'soul
I ever does' in this world is to see some-
thing; and then tell .what it saw in a plain
wayv; , ' , .-
W No school is ; more necessary to
children than patience, because either the
will mast be broken in childhood or the
heart in old agei'. - -:'- '''' :tC
: ' ' The wah, or Catbear.
awo.aisunci genera ol the panda-Kir
wah. as it is commonlv called have bnen
discovered, one quite recently; and if we ;
suppose me amereni groups of tbe animal
Kingdom to be represented by a great t
cnaio, me panaa would lorm the link con-t
necting the raccoon-hke animals, or. to be
I : - . T7-- i ... .,"
muio preuia, lue ju.ioK.ajou, wun me true
bears. The panda of this sketch is kno wn"
as AUurus lulgens, and is a beautiful tittle
creature,' about the size of a cat,: having'
many ways and habits that 'call to mind
these domestic pets. ' Its face has an ex
pression that may be described as inquigi-;
live us iur is extremely nanasome.) be--
ing sou and thick; and its tail a most
conspicuous object is very long and;
plame-hke, and seemingly much larger ;
than the wah itself, liven in color , the ;
animal is remarkable, if we call to mind
the coloring of moat of cur qaadrupede,
each as cats and bears, thavvir inle, are
dark, ebove and light beneath. In the
pandi this is reversed. The back, colors
are rich cinnamon-red, gradually merging
i iuiu b uwuj yeiiow or lawn, Willie IU'
I. .... ... .. .. a .
steaa oi Deiog white oeneatn. the tar. is
deep black its rich luster resembling the;
finest satin. The face of the panda has
some while coloring, and its tail Is" ex-5
tremely noticeable for its ornamentation
being ringed with alternate stripes pf cin
namon-red and yellow. Its colors so im-
pressed the famous naturalist, : Cuvier,
that, after examining a speoimen, he ' pro
nounced it the most beautiful of all quad-.
rupeds. borne years ago a panda was
brought to England, and placed in the col-
lection ol the London Zoological society, -
and watched by naturalists for a long
time. - So carious were its movements
that it attraoted universal attention.' . Ia
the first place its walk was seen to be
plantigrade, as in the true bears; in' other
words, it walked on its whole foot an in
stancy of the reverse of the plantigrade
being seen in the horse, that walks upon
the tip of its fonr toes on its toe-nails, in
fact. . If we examine the soles of the pan
da's feet we shall find them protected with
a woolly covering, and many assume from
this that the animal does not come from a
tropical climate; and this is the case; it
having been discovered by Gen. Hard-
wioke, the English nataraliBt, in the East
ern Himalayas, where in high latitudes.
above tbe Bnow line, it made its home; fre
quenting the borders of rushing mountain
torrents, and making its nest among ? the
rooks and caves of almost inaccessible re- '
gions. For many years this one specimen
was the only representative, and, ap to
the year 1874 the animal, was npposed.to
be confined to the locality in whioh it was
originally found; but about this , time the
Abbe David discovered that it also lived
in the lofty ranges of Eastern, Thibit,' He
also beard the Chinese banters speak of', a
wonderful animal which they called - the
Pae-Shionng, this -meaning literally, white
bear. The hunters described it as one of
the most beautiful of all animals a bear .
with a cost' of pare white, not coarse, bat
of silk-like softness. The story wastloubt-
ed at first, bat finally tbe abbe obtained &
specimen of the animal a beautiful crea
ture that Milne Edwards named Ailuropus
melauoleucus. In appearance tbe newly
discovered cousin of tbe panda is extreme
ly striking. It resembles a large bear in
size and appearance, with a : pare white
coat, with the exception of a black band
across the back. "The new panda is only
found in tbe highest forests, where it is
said to live upon vegetable food much i af
ter the fashion of the bear in general. ., A
specimen, I believe, bas never been brought
to the United States, and even tbe small
panda is so rare that few collections boast
of one. Golden Days. ... . .
..' CoL Peters' Advice. a . ',.
One of the most honored advisory mem
bers of the Young Farmers' Club, as well
as one of ripe and rare experience, is Col.
Richard Peters of Atlanta, 0.. a inan of
big. brain, big heart, big enterprise and
big results. His experience as a breeder
of all kinds of choice strains of live stock
has been very fruitful of cheer or warning
to less presumptious breeders." When
asked by a reporter what his advice wo aid
be to a young man who 'was thinking4 of
going into the stock business, he said h
thought it was best for abegiunef to start
on low grade stock and build it ap to . a
good standard, for tbe - results would -be
better than if started oa costly thorough
breds alone. I think, said he, that those
who know me will acquit me of selfishness
and certainly those who know how readi
ly I sell all the animals I can ' spare will
acquit me of any need of being selfish
X say . that one of the most impor-
tant things is Co improve the breed ol oar
I stock. It costs much less to keep a good
I cow or bog than a poor one. For exam-
I pie, take a man who owns five or six icrab
cows, it ne win Day a good. Jersey .oait
of a pre-potent family,', his . heifers of his
first cross will give him 50 per cent, more
batter, on an average, and oi a much finer
quality than their mothers gave. It is an
axiom that the ball is half, the herd. I
have seen grades of the third cross, that
no one could tell, by looks or butter, from
registered Jerseys. It is hard to calcu
late how mach good a fine, vigorous Jer
sey bull can do in a country neighborhood.
One mistake , is ' frequently made ' that
should be avoided. A half-breed male
should never be used to breed from.' It is
the male that lifts the grade, and a half
breed will lead a herd downward, no mat
ter how fine the females may be. Whera
a jersey is introduced his sons shoald be
killed for beef or csed for oxen, and his
daughters crossed to another , pare bred
Jersey. In one cross any man can .see
such a difference that he will thank me for
my advice In three crosses he will have
a most valuable herd as good batter
makers almost as registered Jerseys.
And so. of hogs. A farmer, by crossing
his scrub hogs to fine breeds, will get,
one cross, a compaoterand better hog that
will fatten more readily and on less food
than his scrubs. Another thing will fol
low: When a farmer improves his stock
be will take better care of it, more pride
in it, and will increase his herds and flocks.
The compost heap, the -pasture, the hay
rick and eorn field follow cattle and sheep,
and thus gives us diversified farming,
without trenching one bail on the cotton
crop, which of coarse mast and shoald re
main our great crop. Southern Cultivator.