Newspaper Page Text
CHARLOTTE. N. O.
COM.HUNICATED TO THE CSARLOTTK DEMOCBAT.
The Mt Holly Farmers' Institute.
One of the most encouraging signs of the times
is the interest evinced by all classes of North
Carolinians in agricultural advancement. The
splendid work performed under the wise, far
sighted policy devised by Gov. Jarvis, and car
ried forward under his guidance by the State
Department of Agriculture, has been enlarged
and elaborated by Gov. Scales and the present
management It is to the influences thus set in
action that the people of this State are indebted
f-th interest and intelligent enthusiasm re
specting agriculture and horticulture everywhere
apparent, not only in farming but in all other
communities. One of the outgrowths of this is
the spirit of inquiry .prevailing throughout the
State. The old careless way of farming is giving
way to intelligent and thrifty methods. The
question no longer is, "what will require the
lowest outlay f but rather, "what is the truest
and best economy T" Our farmers have learned
that there is wisdom in the old saw about "sav
ing at the spigot and leaking at the bung-hole,"
and are trying to make money by saving in the
right place. ... .
This spirit of inquiry has led to the holding of
Farmers' Institutes, assemblages where questions
are discussed of vital interest to all engaged in
agriculture. The ancient forum was the gather
ing place of the people for the discussion of all
questions affecting Rome. The farmers' insti
tutes of this State are patterned after these old
assemblages. Essays by men of learning, and of
a thorough practical acquaintance with the sub
jects they discuss, combined with familiar dis
cussions and comparisons of experiences, cannot
fail to give a great impetus to North Carolina's
Next week there will be two such gatherings,
one at Mount Holly, Gaston county, the other at
Concord, Cabarrus county. The first, designated
as the "Grange Encampment and Farmers' Insti
tute," was called by the Master and other officers
of the Bute Grange, the citizens or uasion coun
ty, and the Commissioner of Immigration, with
the approval and promised co-operation of the
State Agricultural Board. It was intended to
be a broad, practical effort, in which these sev
eral agencies should unite to lay the foundation
. of a permanent annual Catherine: place for the
farmers of our State to come together at the time
..they usually select for recreation, immediately
after harvesting. It was necessary to obtain a
central spot, near to a Railroad centre, where
ample room, pute water, groves for tne campers
out, and all other conveniences and comforts
were easily obtainable. So Mount Holly was
"v chosen and work began. The immigration
agencies North, through the papers and by
printed circulars, scattered the information far
and wide, and began organizing excursion parties
to leave home next Saturday or Monday so as to
spend the last of the week at the Encampment.
The Master and Secretary of the State Grange
sent the notices to every Grange in this State,
and a general invitation to those in surrounding
States to attend at the same time. Hundreds of
letters were sent to manufacturers all over the
country, inviting exhibits.
Later, it was ascertained that the farmers of
Cabarrus had adopted the same time for holding-
an Institute in that county. As the state uom
missioner of Agriculture and other officers of the
Board wished to be at both places, the manage
ment at Mount Holly, to oblige them and their
Concord friends also, arranged to open Monday
the 8th, instead of Wednesday the 10th August,
and to have their Institute begin on Tuesday in
stead of Thursday. This will enable the speak
ers and all others to visit both places, while it
will not interfere with the Grange Encampment,
or with the plans of those coming from a dis
tance who expect to spend the last of the week
at Mount Holly.
The arrangements for the Grange Encamp
. ment are, tojpitch camp and arrange the displays
.Monday. Tuesday, at a p.m., uov. ecaies win
deliver the welcoming address, and several gen
tlemen wii follow, among them Hon. A. P.
Butler. Commissioner of Agriculture of South
Carolina; TH.'O. W. Dabney, Jr., pirector of the
State Experiment Station; Hon. John Robinson,
commissioner of Agriculture for this Stale; ana
Hon. G. J. Patterson of South Carolina. There
will be other addresses on Wednesday, Thurs
day and Friday.
Sheds for horses and cattle, and pens for sheep
and swine, have been built. In several large
houses will be disolavs of farm and garden pro
ducts, the skill of North Carolina house-wives,
the products of our cotton mills, and a great
variety of machinery. There will be sports to
enliven the days, tournaments, foot races, boat
races, amilitary parade, an illumination every
night, dancing, and music by the Steel Creek
Every Railroad in the State will sell excursion
tickets, and the Carolina Central will run
specials at frequent intervals between Mount
Holly and Charlotte from morning until a late
hour at night
The management predict an immense crowd.
and if the weather proves fine, they will not be
- The Board ol Aldermen held their regular
monthly meeting on Monday last present. Mayor
McDowell and Aldermen Magill, Shaw, J. H
McAden, Brown, Edwards, Ward, Oates, John
ston, Clarkson, Hagler and Schenck.
A petition was received from Mr B. F. Powell
asking to be re-instated upon the regular police
force, the petitioner having been transferred to
the office of sanitary policeman. Alderman
Johnston moved to re-instate Mr Powell to his
regular position. Alderman Ward moved to
elect Mr D. P. Hunter to the vacancy on the reg
ular force. Messrs C. M. Davidson, C. E. Moss,
Jno. W. Houston, J. McCorsle and Thos. Wilson
were also named for the place. Upon the first
ballot Hunter received 6 votes and Powell o,
and Hunter was declared elected.
Mr R. M. Oates was appointed one of the com
mittee of free-holders, in place of Mr R. M
White. A petition was received from the
licensed butchers of the city, asking for protec
tion from irresponsible dealers, and the petition
was referred to the finance committee. A peti
tion was received for an electric light on the
corner of Sixth and Poplar streets. Referred to
the light committee with power to act Mr R. C.
Robs complained of damage to his lot, corner of
9th and A. streets, by water. referred to tne
street committee. Mr F. A. MeNinch presented
a petition asking to have refunded part of the
liquor license tax whicn ne paid for isov, he
having since gone out of the business. Al derman
Johnston moved that it be refunded, but the mat
ter was finally referred to the finance committee.
Mr J. C. Boyte was granted a license to keep a
boarding house until January 1, 1883. W. F.
Buchanan was privileged to build a , bay window
and make Improvements to bis bouse, corner or
Tryon and Mint streets.
Mrs H. M. Irwin offered a proposition to sell
land adjoining the Cemetery, for the purpose of
enlarging tne cemetery, at a price to be agreed
upon by three disinterested parties.
' The 'Neptune Fire Company petitioned the
Board to give them $100 to aid in their celebra
tion on the 4th inst. On motion of Alderman
Clarkson, the Board consented to make the com -
pany a donation of $50. '
The following Ordinance was read three times
and adopted : Be it ordained, That any person
who shall violate any ordinance of this city,
shall be subject to a penalty of $50. and also
shall be fined $50 or imprisonment for thirty
days; that said penalty, tine or imprisonment
may be redeced or wholly remitted by the Mayor,
or in the case of the penalty by any court having
jurisdiction, and before which an action may be
brought to recover the same; that so much of the
ordinance of this city as may be in conflict with
the provisions of this ordinance is repealed, the
aid repeal to take effect from and after this date.
Alderman JohnBtcn advised the city to purchase
a hoisting machine for the . rock quarry. Re
ferred to committee with power to act.
- - The report of the fire committee was ' received,
recommending the thorough organization of a
paid fire department, the proper housing of the
engines, reels and trucks, and the establishment
of an electric alarm system. The recommenda
tions were referred to the proper committees.
.;. Wkek or Pka.yxb a.xd Sblf-Dsxiat,.
August 7th to 14tb, inclusive, is to be
observed by the Methodist E. Church,
South, as a week of prayer and self-denial,
throughout the connection. The move
ment was suggested by Bishop Galloway,
and the Mission Board have had a pro
gramme prepared. Money raised: during
the 1 week will be for mission purposes.
Topics for discussion are arranged for
eaoh day during the week.
f s ; Bounty Matters.
The Mecklenburg Board of County
Commissioners held their regular monthly
meeting on Monday and Tuesday last
all the Commissioners present.1 5
J. S. Wright filed his bond in the Eum
of $1,000, with J. D. Boyd and T. T.
Yonngblood as sureties, for the purpose of
conducting a public ferry on the Catawba
River, on the road leading from Charlotte
C. C. West was allowed to remove bis
bar-room from Trade to College street.
Hammond & Justice was granted a
license to sell dynamite and other ex
plosives, accordiog to law. lne same
license was granted to Brown, Wedding
ton fc Co.
It was ordered that S. II. Hilton, H. K.
Reid and J. R. Morris be appointed a
committee to cause to be completed the
bridge over Brier creek, and to report to
the Board at the next meeting.
The committee on publio buildings was
authorized to make the neoessary repairs
and alterations at the jail and stockade.
It was ordered, the Board of Education
concurring, that the sum of $83.81 be paid
to W. F. Griffith, late Sheriff, on account
of excess of taxes charged against J. II.
McAden and others, on National Bank
stock shares for 1886, and paid to the
school fund by the said Sheriff in his set
tlement for the taxes in 1886, the said
amount having been improperly charged
against the Sheriff in the settlement.
After auditing the usual number of
aocounts against the county, the Board
Mr Davis on Prohibition,
. Foet Wobtii, Texas, Aug. 1. On the
occasion of the anti-prohibition State bar
becue here on the 26th inst., a strong let
ter was read from Hon. Jefferson Davis to
ex-Go v. Lubback, denouncing prohibition
on the ground that the world is governed
too much. The Gazette to-morrow will
have a reply to Mr Davis' letter from Sen
ator John H. Reagan, expressing surprise
and sorrow that Mr Davis should have
taken sides on the question. Senator
Reagan says Davis' letter has cost prohi
bition thousands of votes in Texas.
It is to be regretted that the noble old man
will keep., writing and talking in an imprudent
and unnecessary manner. He has certainly out
lived his day of usefulness.
Since writing the above we have seen Mr
Davis' letter and copy the following closing para
"You have already provision for looal
prohibition. If it has proved the wooden
horse in which a disguised enemy to State
sovereignty as the guardian of individual
liberty was introduced, lot it be a warn
ing that the progressive march would
probably be from village to State and from
State to United States. A governmental
supervision and paternity instead of the
liberty the heroes of 1776 left as a legacy
to their posterity. Impelled by the affec
tion and gratitude I feel for the people of
Texas, and the belief that a great question
of American policy is involved in the is
sue before you, the silence I had hoped to
observe has been broken. If the utter
ance shall avail anything for good it will
compensate me for the objurgations with
wbioh I shall doubtless be pursued by the
followers of the popularism of the day."
North Carolina Items from Raleigh,
Cor. of Wilmington Messenger..
The law says that when mgistrates ap
pointed by the Legislature fail to qualify
in ninety days, the Governor shall fill the
vacancies so created. In accordance with
this law the Governor has made many ap
pointments. A Republican clerk, Holton,
of Guilford, refuses to swear the newly ap
pointed Magistrates into office. Papers in a
mandamus case have been sworn to upon
him, returnable August 31st. He will
doubtless suffer for his temerity.
A great many improvements are in
progress at the N. C. Insane Asylum here.
The interior never presented so attractive
L an appearance. The heating and ventila
ting apparatus has received special atten
tion, and the sewage pipes have been car
ried to a greater 'distance. The reoeption
rooms have been refurnished, for the first
time since February 1, 1856, when the
Asylum was opened. New bedsteads, of
North Carolina pine, are being put up in
the wards, to replace the iron cots so long
used. The building is being recarpetea
and generally brightened up. -; There are
now 270 patients in the institution. .The
second patient ever admitted is yet an in
mate, having been in over thirty years.
A considerable sensation was caused in
Raleigh by the alleged appearance of a
naked wild man west of this city. An or
ganized search for him will be made to
morrow. The State signal office was today trans
ferred from Raleigh to Charlotte. It is
said that the reason of the change is that
it was not thought proper to increase the
force of operators in the office here.;
During July only seven lioenses were
issued to drummers by the State Treas
urer, and of this number four were for
North Carolina houses.
Reports from Madison county, the prin
cipal tobacco-growing county west of the
Blue Ridge, say the crop is the most une
ven ever raised there, and the acreage is
only about half that of last year. The ad
vance of tobacco in all the markets of ; the
Stale is over 100 per cent, on last season's
f3?" I say to you, weighing my own
words, that you would be less depraved.
less savage, would less disgrace your wo
manhood, would be less- a curse to your
kind, and, if God is rightly revealed to us
in His Word and liis son, would less of
fend Him by going to see dogs fight in
their kennels at the Five Points, or bulls
gore horses in Spain, than by putting on
your bonnet and gloves aod going from
house to house in your neighborhood, as
sailing absent acquaintances, dribbling
calumny, sowing suspicion, planting and
watering wretchedness.etabbing character,
alienating friends by repeating to one
the detraction that you "heard" another
has spoken. I believe that before the
judgment seat of Christ the prize-fighting
man will stand no woree than the slander
ously gossipping woman. Bishop Hunt
ingdon. . . -
. t2T The Waco Advance of Texas, rises
to observe with feeling and vigor, that
Congressman Mills of that State is a "foul
mouthed infidel and snaked-eyed mon
ster." Texas always was a boastful State,
proud of its Dime Museum specimens, but
we would like it to show up the proof in
this instance, before we advance any
money on the show. Wilmington Messenger.
The late Rain Storm, -The
late rains were very destructive in
parts of Georgia and South Carolina, out
very little so in North Carolina and Vir
ginia, On the Charlotte, Columbia &
August, the Air-Line, the Western N. 0.
Rail' ad and the Western Division of the
Carolina Central, trains were delayed by
washouts; crops, however were not much
injured. i .- ' ' ; f
- The most destruction seems to ' have
been at Augusta, Ga., and that neighbor
hood, where the River and Canal over
flowed part of the city.
Augusta, Ga., Aug. 1. There are two
breaks in the canal; one on First and the
other on Third streets. The damage will
probably shut up the factories for some
days. The loss to the city from high wa
ter will reach one hundred tbousaod dol
lars. - The loss to planters cannot be esti
mated. It involves almost a total de
struction of the crops in the Savaftaah
valley. The river is tailing rapidly.
Augusta has narrowly escaped a great
calamity; more than three-iourtbs of the
city was covered with water from one to
six feet deep. The greatest damage is to
the streets aod sewt rs, and not much to
property in the city. Some industries suf
fered and thre will be a loss from the
stopping of the mills; but it is tmn.Jible
to estimate the loss to different interests.
The city will be the greatest loser iu the
damage to the canal and to the streets.
The water is receding rapidly from the
main streets except upper Greene lreet,
where the break occurred in the third
levee of the canal.
The business portion of the city wa not
flooded at all. . All fears have disappear
ed and every one is thankful that there
has been no loss of Hie and comparatively
omall damage to property, when the ex
tent of the calamity threatened is consid
ered. All day Sunday the inundated por
tion of the city was navigated by boat?.
Ferries were established al the street cor
ners and boatmen did a profitable busings
in rowing citizen from one part to anoth
er. The indications now are favorable.
The clouds. have dispersed and a 'tleasanl
breeze prevails, which will soon dry up
the streets. There has been no interrup
tion of business except with the factories
Augusta, Aug. 2. The flood hi near
ly subsided. The loss, will not exceed
$50,000. The damage to the canal in not
as great as was at first expected. Some
mills will be running in a few days.
The heavy rains have beaten the cotton
into the ground on the oplands. The corn
and cotton oropa in the bottom lands have
been ruined. Some counties report the
damage at $10,000, but it is impossible to
estimate the loss, so great and general had
been the damage to the growing crops.
ISF It has been suggested by a writer
in the secular press that the people of
North Carolina hold special thanksgiving
services for the abundant crops that now
promise to reward the labors of the farm
ers of the cttate. Certainly such thanks
giving is in order, as seldom, if ever be
fore in the knowledge of our people, have
euob evidences of God's favor rested upon
the labors of the husbandman. The sea
sons have been exceedingly propitious,
and the prospects for a full and abundant
harvest bless every section of North Car
olina. . Should the seasons continue, our
barns and storehouses will run over with
plenty. The pastors and churches would
do well to hold epeoial services in token
of their gratitude to God for the blessings
he has bestowed upon our homes and
farms. RaleigK Recorder.
Something about Blind Tom. Balti
mobk, July 30. Judge Bond sitting in
the United Stales District Court, to-day
decided that Thomas Wiggins, known all
over the world as "Blind Tom" the pian
ist, shall be delivered on or before August
16th, into the custody of Mrs Eliza Be
thune, who represents Charity Wiggins,
mother of Blind Tom, and that James W.
Bethune, who bad charge of him, shall at
the same time pay over to Mrs Bethune
the sum of $7,000 for past services. . The
case has been in the , Courts for several
years and has attracted considerable at
tention from the fact that Tom has been
held as chattel by the Bethunes ever since
bis musical genius made him valuable.
Suit wa brought in the interest of his
mother to regain possession of him. .
F" Every year increases the impor
tance of the cotton production of Mexico,
especially in view of the fact that vast
tracts of land hitherto inaccessible, and
rendered unsafe through the presence of
hostile Indians, are being opened up to
immigration by the railroad. At present
it is cultivated in only twelve Slates, and
the amount produced is not sufficient for
home consumption, large quantities being
imported from the United States. One
district, containing about 1,200,000 acres,
lying partly in Coahuila and Duraogo,
produces a perennial cotton plant, which
does not require to be planted oftener than
once in ten years. Chicago Standard.
tW Slavery in Brazil promises soon
to be a thing of the past. The Parliament
of the Empire is now considering a bill
providing for the final stages of emanci
pation and it will pass. It declares all
slaves registered under the Act of 1881
to be free. .But they must serve ; their
masters two years more, being psid, how
ever, and being cared for. Moreover,
they can redeem themselves for . about
$200 each. Slaves 50 years old or more
need not thos serve their "masters, and if
one of a married couple happens in some
way to free himself, the other also be
comes free, lne registered number of
slaves now in the empire is about 1,200,
000. .,. ;: , :
133 A new theory of the final destruo
tiou of the earth is that the polar ice is
penetrating the interior of the globe like
a wedge, and that as soon as it reaches
the furnace there will be an . explosion
that will split the world into pieces too
small for truok patches. ,r ;
-! JSP" What a farce was Queen Victo
ria's jubilee, when, just after, her assur
ances to her "well beloved subjects,", she
signed the Irish Coercion BilL Royalty
is prolific of painted sepulchers, and the
Coercion Bill is wicked and tyrannous.
Mr Blaine says that from what he
learns abroad Americans spend annually
in England about $75,000,000. There is
too much money thrown away in pleasure
when there ' is so much suffering in the
world, and so many people lack for bread.
EST" Dr. Lafferty, of the Richmond Ad
vocate, gives some good ad viee in a line
and a-half. It is wisdom pressed down.
He say a: "Don't mistake scurrility in
the pulpit for 'Pauline courage,' "
zxix&txxii, $ttxloiUf ' .
State News, u
Forty-five stations in the State are
now receiving thedaily weather reports and
indications from the signal service office.
On and after the first of Angust these re
ports will be sent out from Charlotte in
stead of from the station in this city.
Annrrr Land PnsxTvn The last Lec-
ialature amended the law in relation to
posting, of lands, i It ,i only .necessary
now to post notioes on and at three places,
and trnanaaaera for a aMond or snbseauent
offence are liable to a fine of twenty-five
dollars or imprisonment lor thirty-aays.
JST We are sorry to note that Mr J.
R. Kluttz. living near Salem Church in
Locke township, lost his house and nearly
everything in it by fire last Thursday
night. The threshers were there at the
lime, and be bad stored quite a quantity
of wheat in the loft only a few hours be-
fore, which was consumed. oattsoury
12"" We are gratified to see that a com
pany will organize with a capital stock of
$300,000, to work the Brown Stone quar
ries near Wadesboro. At the Centeumal
Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876, tin
stone was pronounced as fine as any in
the United States. It will find a large
sale for building purposes in all, the great
cities of the country. Itdresees and pol
ishes beautifully. Raleigh Progressive
Coal is Blade !i?r-W.e learn from the
Wilmington Star that several large and
well defined seams of lignite or modern
coat, have been discovered on the Guion
place at Owen Hill, on the Cape fear
river. The Star says it is of high grade,
nearly approaching - pure coal. There i
evidently near Fayetteville a vein or. ba
sin of oil". The writer aod several others
some years ago, were much annoyed with
the kerosene taste iu their wells on Hay
mount. It afterwards disappeared, bui it
was evident the oil was in the wells. Can
it be that a'basin is near here? layette
Brovner Manufacturing Company In
surance Cases. Col. John W. , Hinsdale
has returned from Mt. Airy, where he and
Maj. Graham compromised the several ac
tions pending in the United States Circuit
Court at Greensboro, by the Brower man
ufacturing Company against ten insurance
companies. The aggregate amount
claimed in all the suits was $25,000, with
interest for nearly four -years. -The com
panies bad previously compromised with
one of the partners, Mr Nutt, who held a
one-third interest, at $4,000. They have
now settled with the others, J. M. Brow
er and the Neuse Manufacturing Compa
ny, for $10,000 and costs. Thus termi
nates a long and hotly contested litigation
to the satisfaction of all the parties con
cerned. Raleigh Observer.
taT"The new railroad enterprise to
Cranberry promises to soon begin the sur
veys and to commece grading in Novem
ber. We know Col. S. McD. Tate, Judge
Avery and Maj. Wilson of Morganton,
and their names are omens of success to
the enterprise. They are gentlemen of
means, enterprise and railway experience
aod say they have abundant capital to be
gin the enterprise. What railway is be
hind the enterprise, we know not. Some
conjecture that the Carolina Central is the
controlling spirit and wishes an outlet to
Cranberry and Tennessee, where irou and
coal are abundant. 'Shelby Aurora.
North Carolina College. Rev. J.
G. Schaid, A. M., of Knoxville, Tenn., has
been elected President of N. C. College
and has accepted the call. He will enter
upon the duties incident to his new field
of labor, at the beginning of the ensuing
session, Monday,-August 29, and will have
charge of the department of Ancient Lan
guages and Literature. He speaks Ger
man or English with equal ease and fluen
cy, and is therefore eminently qualified to
give instruction in the former to those
who may desire to pursue that study.
Internal Revenue Taxes in North
Carolina. The collection Districts in
North Carolina are thus reported: Fourth,
Yarborough, . $578,161.58; Fifth, ' Boyd,
$945,134.70; Sixth, Dowd, $427,405.43.
The aggregate collection for the State of
North Carolina during the fiscal year was
$1,950,701.71. . ,
The aggregate collections for Virginia
and South Carolina, during the same pe
riod were as follows: Virginia $2,923,
396.72; South Carolina $100,146.85.
In North Carolina there have been
established , within the past six months,
fifty-one new post offices, eighteen have
had their names changed, and twenty-one
were discontinued. , v
Rev. T. W. Guthrie, the Presiding
Elder of the Wilmington District Metho
dist E. Church, South, has been advised
by physicians to cease from'preaching, at
least for awhile, in consequence of: an ul
cer or some kind - of sore in his mouth
wbioh has been giving him berious trouble
for some time past. : ;
A Curious Case. TheSupreme Coutt
will have a very odd case to dispose of on
appeal from V ake county, A rich and
high tempered . old, farmer captured a
chicken in his garden and tortured the
fowl before killing it. The owner of the
chicken was a widow and she took up
arms against the man.. The latter was in
dicted under the act punishing for cruelty
to animals. J udge Merrimoo, upon the dt
fendant's conviction, fined him $25 and
costs. There was an appeal.
ST Joe Hoke, colored, one of the old
est employees of the, Wj, N. C. Railroad
Company, was quite seriously wounded
on last Saturday evening. He was help
ing uapt. fay ne'e squad oi bands at. the
tank in Et Hickory, when the cast iron
pipe fell, and a section of it struck old Joe
on the hetd laying bare the skull , and
knocking bira senseless. The force of the
lick may be known by the fact that it
barsted the pipe into small pieces. Joe
was taken to his home in Bob Town and
at last accounts bid fair to recover. The
pipe was too badly injured ever to be used
again. Hickory , Carolinian. , , .
. - Egr The officers and members of the
Salvation Army were notified by the
Chief of Police that their street parades
mudt be discontinued, and in consequence,
they did not appear on the streets last
D'2ht. Wilmington Star. : I
A San Francisco concern is mak
ing pressed brick out of coal ashes and
cinders. .-These bricks have stood the Se
verest test for strength and are made with-
out baking and burning. : i : - ; h
Ir A recent convert to Mormonism
near Yorkville, S. C, got 25 lashes and a
notice to leave the State by a party of
men. His name is Richard Harknesa.
v- , '.' Onr Forests. -:"? t f i
The late Peter M. Hale did an excel
lent work for North Carolina in the two
volumes he published concerning the min
eral, floral - and " forest resources of 1 our
State. , The volumes are compilations, but
well done and of real value. Those who
have read them are well posted as to the
extensive and varied resources of North
Carolina. In this State, that is better sit
uated than any other as to climate, and
thst contains more products than any of
the thirty-eight of the sisterhood, there
are wonderful mineral deposits not jet de
veloped and great 'timber supplies that
one day must be utilized and become a
souxoe of great profit to the people.
The limber of the State is ol great im
portance. There has been a vast deal
sold at very insufficient prices, i Hundreds
of Northern men have rushed into the
State apd made large purchases of trees
getting them at one-fourth their value.
The Star has again and again warned the
owners of forests against this haste to get
rid of a big source of wealth. The varie
ty of trees in the State is great. The fit-6 t
limber, lor adorning and building , pur
poses can be secured in large supp lies.
The long-leaf pioe, hickory, maple, , wal
nut, cherry, birch, are to be found in
abundance. A publication called the For
est Bulletin conveniently gives some sta
tistics that it is well to reproduce. It is
the number of feet of merchantab.e loug
leaf pine supposed to be found in fifteen
North Carolina counties. The counties
and figures are:
"Bladen, 228,000,000; Brnnswiok, 141,
000,000; Chatham, 448,000,000; Columbu,
288,000,000; Cumberland, 806,000,000;
Duplin, 21,000,000; Harnett, 486,000,000;
Johnston, 563,000,000; Moore, 504,000,
000; New Hanover, 96,000,000; Ooslow,
34,000,000; Robeson, 864,000,000; Samp
son, 602,000,000; Wake, 48,000,000;
Way ne, 40,000,000, making a total of
5,229,000,000 feet. In addition to this
the amount ol cypress in these nd adja
cent com. ties is beyond calculation. A
careful estimate, reveals the fact that there
are in the State nineteen species of oak,
eight of pine, four of spruce, three of elms,
two of walnut, three ol birch, five of ma
ple, six of hickory, and seven of maguolia.
In the 12,000,000 or a fraction over of
original growth, there is almost a bewil
dering cumber and variety of tree, i-uch
as yellow jerBey, prickly, pitch, pond, lob
lolly, long leaf and white pine,all in abund
ance. Also, black spruce, white, and
hemlock spruce, balsam fir, juniper, cy
press, walnut, holly, zopin, linden, birch,
magnolia, palmetto, fcc., nearly all of
which are in sufficient quality ar.d quan
tity to be valuable in the arts,' and in a
large number of inetanoes of easy access
to market either by rail or water commu
nication." The time is coming when all of these
timbers will be in such demand as to
prove highly profitable to the owners.
Wilmington Star. :
The book of Mr Hale, "The Woods and Tim
bers of North Carolina," mentioned above has
been advertised in the Democrat for a year or
two past - It should be in the hands of every
1 North Carolina Diamonds.
The recent find of diamonds in this
State is creating a big ibterestall over the
country. The Department of Agriculture
is receiving numerous inquiries and the
anxiety shown in them amounts almost to
excitement. The interest has extended
to the metropolitan papers of the country
and they are now hunting op the history
and facta connected with diamonds in this
State. The New York Tribune has be
come interested and has printed the fol
lowing: . -
"The first American diamond the On
inoor, as i was christened was picked
up at Manchester, Va., in 1855, by a la
borer. Then you will remember .the na
tive diamond that came to Tiffany's about
a year ago. They sent their mineralogist,
George F. Kunz, to inquire about it re
cently, and he learned that it -had been
found by a small boy called Willie Chris
tie on the Alfred Bright farm, near Dy
sartville, McDowell oounty, N. C, sixteen
and one-half miles from Morganton, nd
iwelve from Marion. He got it on the
side of a little bill, near a spring. He was
attracted by tie luttre, took it home and
put it' on a shell for two weeks Then he
showed it to a village storekeeper. A
man who had been in : the - Sooth African
diamond mines was called, and he imme
diately tried to buy it, beginning by of
fering $5, and finally offering $50. ' But
he didn't get i ; and it was sent to Tiffany
& Co., and . bought by them for a' hand
some sum." . r i
Other diamonds have been accidentally
found and the interest is centered' in the
question as to whether extensive diamond
washing operations in the -State' would
prove a bonanza. 1 , i ;i 1 .
Cruelty to Animals.
The following is the law with regard to
the treatment of beasts of burden. Let
every one read it, and let all be consider
ate ol these useful animate: .'
Sec. 2482. If any person aball wilfully
overdrive, overload, wound or injure, tor
ment, deprive of necessary sustenance, or
cruelly beat, or needlessly mutilate, or
kill, or cause or procure to be overdriven,
overloaded, wounded, injured, , tortured,
tormented, or deprived of ' necessary ; sus
tenance, or to be cruelly beaten, needless
ly mutilated, or killed, as aforesaid, any
useful beast, !owl ' or animal, every such
offender shall for every vuch off-nee ' be
guilty of a misdemeanor.
Sec. 2487. Any person who shall wil
fully set on foot or instigate, or move to
carrv on, or promote, or engage in, or do
any ast towards the furtherance of any
cruelty to animals, shall be guilty of a
E. II. ANDREWS
CARRIES THE LARGEST
' AND - '- V'-r .'
J T ilost Complete Stock ;! Q
" FUR NIT UR E V : !
Coffins and ' Metallic Cases J
In the State.
I bur largely , and sell cheap.
Pianos and Organs
Bold on easy terms.' . A. few second-hand Pianos
to rent. ,T "---'h ''
. ; ' K E. M. ANDREWS
July 29, 1887. - - .
V The. Deelinirtff Power. i
" The announcement that the reports of
the Massachusetts Eoighti of Labor show
that the order has lost largely in member
ship, creates no surprise where the , order
has exercised but little influence on the
course of. industry for many months.
When the manufacturers of Rhode Island
organized for sell-pr6tection about a year
ago, they resolved that there should be no
interference by Knights of Labor with
their business, and to this resolve thsy
have strictly adhered. The manufacturers
have in every instance refused to arbitrate
or to listen to any suggestions as to arbi
tration by committees of Knights of
Jbaoor, and tbey nave, given unequivocal
evidence of their purpose to adhere to this
line of conduct. ? yT
. Thos while thera has been no lock-out
of Knights of Libor as such, membership
in the order is not a recommendation to
promotion in the mills, and the accept
ance of office in a Knight of Labor Assem
bly is considered as standing in the way,
not exactly of employment, but of an em
ployer's favor aod confidence. This is the
actual aituation in the great industries of
New. York and apparently aUo of Massa
chusetts, and it is not surprising, there
fore, that there is a decrease in member
ship. - - - .
idgf The members of a colored sect of
Primitive Baptists near Atlanta, Ga., led
by Simon Brown, a powerful extorter,
have abandoned their daily labor, and are
turning over stones and logs, looking un
der bouses, and seeking at the bottom ol
old wells for "the pearl of great price."
Simon, while needing cotton, was strong
ly impressed by the t xt, "Seek ;and ye
shall find," wh'uh occurred to him again
and again. He ha given it a practical
application, and the entire settlement is
engaged in a wild hunt for the pearl the
women, aa'-usual, outittiippiog the men.
Night is no hindrance to the search," lan
terns being used to light up the forests
and river banks. There is a ludicrous
side to this incident; but what lamentable
depths of ignorance and superstition does
it probe, and bow sorely needed is a plain,
practical schoolmaster in such a commu
nity. Baltimore American Rep.
. School-masters or School-mistresses will
never destroy negro superstition.
J3f Baby life insurance is . becoming
quite extensive There are over 300,000
children between one and twelve years old
insured in the United States.'' Four com
panies carry this business. They are
mostly the -children of workingmen, and
the insurance is usually carried to defray
funeral expense in -case of death. A
baby cannot be insured until it attains the
age of at least one year. ,
Arrival and Departure of Trains at
V '.' ' Charlotte.
RICHMOND & DANVILLE AND ATLANTA
& CHARLOTTE AIR LINE.'
No. 50 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
2:15 a. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 2:25 a m
51 Arrives a Charlotte from Atlanta at 5.05 a.
m. Leaves for Richmond at 5.15 a. m.
No. 52 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
12:35 p. m.. Leaves for Atlanta at 1.-00 p. m.
No. 53 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at
6:25 p.m. Leaves for Richmond at 6:45 p.m.
CHARLOTTE, COLUMBIA & AUGUSTA.
Arrives from Columbia at 6:10 p. m.
Leaves for Columbia at 1KX) p. m. r ---.'
f V ' ,:A.t T. & O. Division. ,
Arrives from Statesville at 10:45 a. m. ': '
Leaves for Statesvile at 6:35 p. m.
CAROLINA CENTRAL. :
Leaves Wilmington at 7:25 a m; arrives at Char
- lotte at 4:20 p. m. ,
Leaves Charlotte at 8:45 p m; arrives at Wilming
ton at 8:00 a. m.
Shelby Division oj Carolina Central. .
Leaves Charlotte for Rutherfordton at 4:32 p. m.
Arrives at Rutherfordton at 9.10 p. m.
Leave Rutherfordton at 7.15 a. m.
Arrive at Charlotte at HUSO a. m.
RALEIGH & AUGUSTA AIR LINE R. R. .
Passenger Train Leaves Hamlet 2:45 a m, arrives
at Raleigh 9:00 am.
Leaves Raleigh at 7:00 p m, arrives at Hamlet
: 1:35am. -.
WESTERN N. C. RAILROAD SCHEDULE.
Passenger train leaves Salisbury 11 80 A. M., ar
rives at Asbeville at 5 43 P, M.; and at Paint
Rock at 8.30 p.m.
Leaves Paint Rock at .0.55 a. m., and Asheville
at 1.10 p. m, and arrives at Salisbury at 7.30
p. m. .'-;..-.- t
CAPE FEAR A YADKIN VALLEY ROAD.
Leaves Greensboro 9:50 a. m.
LeavesFayettesville 3.80 p.m; arrive at Bennetts
ville, S. C, 6:45, p. m.
Leaves Bennettsville, S. C, 10:10 ai m ; Leaves
Fayetteville 2:00 p. m., arrive -at Greens
boro 7:25 p m. v.. . - - c
.;' ": Attention! 't?: .:y
Smith Improved Gins, Feeders & Condensers.
We have the Agency for this Gin, and can cay
that it is constructed upon approved principles,
built in first-class Shops by thorough mechanics.
It has been thoroughly tested and found simple
in construction, light draught, cleana seed well
and makes a fine sample. .An improved attach
ment, prevents the roll from breaking and there
is no cooking . . , - - -: - :-.; i
We have also the Agency for the VAN WIN
KLE GINS, FEEDERS AND ( ONDENSERS.
Improvements have also been added to this Gin,
and parties now U3ing the "Van Winkle" can
testify as to its merits here In this vicinity Par
ties who think of buying Ginning Outfits should
not fail t examine the "Smith" and "Van Win
kle" Gin before making a trade. 1 '
We are also stocked with a full line of Imple
ments of all kinds. TENNESSEE WAGONS
reduced in price to meet any figures on same
class of WagonB. - - '
A stock of Buggies, Spring Wagons Harness,
&c,on hand, which will be sold to meet any
p: ice for like goods in quality.
Choice New Seeds in Season.
- Call and examine our stock of Goods. We in
tend to meet any competition that is fair and
tW Bring us Wool to ba manufactured and
see samples of Goods made by Gwynn, Harper
& Co. .0-'. .; -.-.4. -;;u -
, J. G. SHANNONHOUSE & CO.,
-Implemen t and Seed House.
July 15, 1887. -.
4 ? " Dr. firagg'8 Liver PHI&r v. I
These Pills are peculiarly adapted ' to the fol
lowing Diseases; . ;!
Bilious, Intermittent and Remittent Fevers,
Sick Headache, Piles, Indigestion, Costiveness,
Colic, Jaundice, Dropsy, Dysentery, Heartburn,
Loss of Appetite, Dyspepsia, Diseases of the
Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, Eruptions of the
Skin, Nervousness, and all Disorders that arise
from a diseased Liver or impure Blood.
C3JT Prepared only at the Laboratory of
W. M. WILSON & CO.,
.ft r Trade St, Charlotte, N. C.
Feb. 11, 1887. ---
Complete Stock and Lowest Prices
Shoes, Trunks and Valises. -
.,r- PEGRAM & CO ,
June 24. 1887. . 16 South Tryon street.
Comparative Cotton Statement.
The following is the comparative
statement for the week ending Julj o
; . 1887.
Net receipts at all U. 8. ports, 2,581
Total receipts to date, , 5,226,877
Exports for the week, 21,843
Total exports to date, 4,314,028
Stock at all U. 8. ports, . . ,189,058
Stock at all iaterior towns, 9,279
Stock in Liverpool, - " 676,000
Stock of American afloat for
; Great Britain 25,000
Total Receipts at all America
, since Sept 1st, 1886. m
The following are the total net rectw. -of
cotton at all United States seaw
since September let, 1S88: GaltS
706,933 bales, New Orleans l,727sS?
Mobile 213,440, Savannah 794,963, Chtrli
ton 397,162, Wilmington 134,833. NaT
folk 535,549, Baltimore 96,158, V'
York 87,031, Boston 105,403, Newnort
News, 104,467, Philadelphia 68,355. C
Point 207,544, Brunswick 26,978, vZ
Hoy si 17,950, Pensacola 12,872. , Toui
5,226,877. . , :- . U
Total Visible Supply of Cotton.
Nkw Yokk, July 30. The total visibU
supply of .cotton for the world is 1514.
024 bales, of which 881,724 are Aoeri
oan, against 1,438,925 and 990,325ts
BpectiveJy last jresr; receipts from alii,
tenor towns, l,207j receipts from placi.
Hons, 1,330. Crop in sight, 6,345,SU
, : Guns, Pistols'
and ammunition; "
We are headquarters for these Goods. P.-
just opened up the finest and most complete uj
of Sporting Goods ever brought to this market?
Double and Single Breech Loading Shot Gj
all grades. London Fine Twist Muzzle W i
ing Guns. Breech Loading Rifles, all
Paper and Brass Shells. Breech LoadingW, i
menta, Shot Pouchea and Belts, Powder Fui
&c, c. . . - . . !
We guarantee our retail prices on these Goofo
against New York or Baltimore. Call and bt i
convinced. . .3 . '
f : ; v , HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Rubber and Leather Belting.
Just received, a large lot of Rubber Beltinxd
all sizes. We warrant every foot we sell uj
guarantee our pricea against any house south ol
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
; Oct. 29. 1886, . . ; a. . ,
FHABB . & LONG, '
Siiocessors to E. D. Latta & lBro.t)
Having succeeded the well known firm of X,
D. LATTA & BRO., it is our desire to receht,
and will be our utmost effort to deserve, thu
loyal support at the bands of the community,
which so steadfastly attended the retiring con
cern, and has made them prominent throughout
the two Caroiinaa., , , ,
New Clothing for 1887.
We shall give very close attention to our ban
ness and shall have a special care to the interests
of our patrons, and as we begin our new life,
having no accounts and naught against anyone,
bearing ugood will toward all men," and a verr
special liking for ladies, who have the responsi
ble charge of providing well for the comfort of
the "rising generation," we shall hope by cour
teous dealing, the selling of reliable Goods only,
and the One Price system, to succeed. .
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods,
Our expenses will be light, relatively reduced, f
as we shall serve inactive capacity ourselves, and f
as w hva porc&Med onr -8tor-k very adru I
tageously, and much under value.- Si
W e will offer inducements heretofore nnkb, I
to the trade. Jv;.
The first call from our friends will be much
appreciated, and will give us an encouragement I
which we will endeavor to substantially manifest
PHARR & UOM. I
Jan. 7. 1887. : 1
Has inducements to effer, which can not be
equalled by the best Dry Goods Houses in the
Added greatly to his already large stock, and 01
bis recent trip to New York bought up Bar
plus Stocks . of Importers and Manufactaren,
which enables him to Bell many most seasonable
Goods at ,
Ridiculously Low Prices.
Since I have taken hold of the Retail House
formerly . under the -name of Wittkowky 4
Barucu, and withdrawn from the' Wholesale
business, I devote my entire time and attention
to the Retail only, and being a Cash Bayer of
thorough experience, : Lean, and will, alwiji
offer inducements . , . t , , . .
t Which will be Appreciated
By all who look at my Goods and get my Quo
tations. See My, Dally Displays !
SEE MY DAILY BARGAINS t
See whether I don't lead in Low ' Prices.
See my Stock and you will ! : -See
the largest in the 8tate.
See my prices' throughout my Store, and you will
vr-' r it :ni;Barueh;,;..i:fucr'
Is tW Regulator of Low Prices.
tST I solicit Mail Orders and give then
prompt attention. -
:-- - - H. BARUCH,
June 8, 1887. Ckariotte, N. 0
3TJBWELIi & DUHK n
.''JLi: Lowest j Market Prices. ,.
Lewis' Pure White Lead. '
Boiled and. Raw Linseed Oil
The Best Ready-Mixed Paint,' all Colors and
all size cans.
You can paint your boggy for one dollar, to
the best (trie; with Carriage Black (and other
colors ) ! "f he best is sold by - ' .
. , . - . , , BUR WELL & DUNN.
Of Patent Medicines, we have all kinds bJ
the bottle, dozen and gross at prices alwsys tW
same. - '
BUR WELL & DUNK.
Dr. King's Blood and Liver Pills. Dr. King
Cough Syrup. Dr. King's 8araaparilla w
Queen's Delight Dr. King's Vermifuge. Sow
only by - -
BUR WELL & DUNN.
If you will give your horses, cows, hogs soi
poultry the Celebrated Kentucky Condition Pon
dera, you will, have no trouble. 25 cents
package. For sale by" " . ;
BURWELL & DUNN,
v , : Wholesale and Retail Druggists.
June 10. 1887. Opposite Central Hotd
; Surgical Instruments.
To supply a need long felt' by the Medic
Profession of this section, we have now and 1 wi
keep constantly In stock, a full line of BUBO
CAL INSTRUMENTS, which we Jf
xxt i , n Mt.. aw inn ,11 ill
counts in any of the New York Instrument Cata
logues. Give ns a call. , w . nl
Nov. 13.1885. r DroggisU,8priBgs'Corneiv
( French Brandy ;-;. i
A genuine Imported article, for sale by I
: - ' - W. M. WILSON & co,&
' May 27, 1887.' - 1 ChvW