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CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Chapel Hill, N. C, Aug. 6, 1887.
Editors Charlotte democrat :
North Carolina has great reason to
thank God and take courage in her work
of self-development. Its University is
till providing guides tried and true, in
various forms of activity, both mental and
bodily. In this good work younger and
able Institutions have given very valua
ble aid. The great Normal School of the
University has been subdivided into other
schools, many ot them ordered and taught
bj students at Chapel Hill, and so the in
centives to education have been carried
to the homes of the people, from Wash
ington to Sparta from Elizabeth City to
Cherokee. In this greatest of all social
laborers the President of our University
has been facile princeps. And this Facul
ty have rendered him efficient aid when
ever and wherever it was asked for. All
the money ever paid out of its treasury has
been repaid one thousand fold into the
heads, hearts, hands and homes of North
Carolina through the energy diffused in
education by those who worked in the
Normal School at Chapel Hill.
Another excellent work devised and
fostered by the University of North Caro
lina is that done at and by the Agricul
tural laboratory of the State. Established
first at Chapel Hill and assisted by the
use of rooms and apparatus of the Uni
versity, it has become iodispensable to
the state in the development of its latent
Ai for the Normal School so also for its
Laboratory. North Carolina at first
availed itself of aid from abroad, but this
was suoh prudent and proper aid that
young men trained in the institutions of
the State oan be found better able to do
the work of the State than those who
began it. Dr. Ledoux from New York
was suoceeded by Dr. Dabney from Vir
ginia. But Ladd and Shepherd have
been succeeded by Noble, and Tomlinson,
and Mclver and Alderman, in the Nor
mal Schools. And doubtless men, to the
manner and to the manor born, can now
be found in North Carolina to guide and
assist the farmers, mechanics, manufac
turers and miners of North Carolina.
Besides the able and accomplished as
sistants of Dr. Dabney, now in the Slate
Laboratory, they who must appoint Dr,
Dabney's successor should consider the
abilities and qualifications of other sons of
the State prepared for such work in its
own institutions. Graduates of the Uni
versity, well trained in its Laboratory
may be found in Newbern, Wilmington,
&c. Besides, Prof. Burney, now teaching
agricultural chemistry in the College of
South Carolina, is of the blood of our
farmers. After a most careful instruction
in the Laboratory at Davidson College,
he spent several years in Laboratories in
Germany and in France, and was after
wards an assistant in the Laboratory of
the Johns Hopkins University in Balti
more. Also, there is Prof. Von Scbweit
nitz of the famous Salem community, who
is now teaching and laboring as a chemist
in Kentucky. After working for several
years in the Laboratory at Chapel Hill,
he pursued his chemical Btudies in Ger
many, applied them in a Laboratory near
Boston, Mass. And there is Dr. VV. B.
Phillips, now Professor of Mining and
Agricultural Chemistry at our University,
who after being a student at Davidson
College beoame a graduate of the Uni
versity, was an assistant of Dr. Ledoux
from the beginning to the end of his work
at CLspel Hill, went with the Laboratory
to Raleigh, took lessons in assaying at the
U. S. Mint in New York, was chemist to
the Navassa Fertilizer works in Wil
mington, and then went to the great En
gineering School at Freiberg and worked
in its mines, to fit himself for the .develop
ment of the industrial resources of North
Carolina. No young man in North Caro
lina knows more of it by personal ac
quaintance, than Dr. Phillips. An as
sistant Geologist to the late Prof. Kerr,
he has visited all parts of our mountains,!
and while working on the phosphates im
ported into Wilmington first discovered
and published the phosphate beds in our
own State. The capabilities of North
Carolina he has proclaimed in Scientific
Journals on both sides of the Atlantic,
and he has ever been ready with pen,
purse, and power to assert and defend the
claims of his native State to recognition as
a pre-eminently proper place for the use of
capital and labor.
' Seeing these things are so, it seems that
North Carolina need not go again out of
its own bounds to secure the guidance
and co-operation it needs for the heads
and hands of its laborers on the soul and
on the soil of its people. Its University
and its Normal School have worked won
ders in the renewal and development of
its life and energies. Now let this vigor
ous growth of thoughts and deeds be en
oouraged and fostered. Virginians fought
for North Carolina at King's Mountain,
and Virginians have taught the youth
born in the homes established at King's
Mountain. Now North Carolina should
how that it has become a perfect man,
able to walk by itself.
Those fraudulent Special Tax Bonds.
Are the citizens prepared after all to
pay the $11,000,000 of special tax bonds,
so-called, with interest to date ? The Sig
nal, self-constituted republican organ,
says that "Mr Temple, who bi ought the
suit against the State to pay twenty two
millions of dollars due on the special tax
bonds, is a deputy marshal under Mr Van
V. Richardson," but does that fact alter
the question at issue ? The bonds, so
called, were . "conceived in fraud and
brought forth in iniquity." As such they
have been formally repudiated by the peo
ple of North Carolina. They are in no
sense obligations of the State. They are
representatives of the villainy of the crea
tures made by Canby and nothing more.
What matters it who are or have been
parties to the suits brought to force them
on the State asjlegitimate demands ? The
people, through the Democratic party,
have declared that they will never pay
them, because they are in no proper Bense
bonds. The State is protected by the
Democratic party from those who would
force it to recognize as a just debt the
enormous amount sued for. It simply
behooves us to continue this protection.
If the Republican party is allowed to gain
control there is no knowing to what
lengths it will go in the matter, despite
the expressed determination of the peo
ple. A Democratic administration can be
depended on to stand by the people in
their utterance once for all with respect
to the special tax iniquity; the Republi
can party God save the mark "party" !
cannot, by any . means whatsoever, as
experience has abundantly taught us.. It
does not matter who are parties to the
eaits now in progress. Raleigh Observer.
The Flat Rock Settlement.
Mr Daniels, editor : of the Raleigh
Chronicle, on his recent visit to Hender
sonville, N. CL, : writes some pleasant
things in regard to that section. In a
late number of the Chronicle heaye:
"Three miles south of Henderson ville is
the most beautiful country settlement in
the mountains. It is called Flat Rock
named because of the large flat rocks that
cover acres of ground in that section. It
is the place for South Carolinians. At
distances of from one-fourth of a mile to a
mile, situated in beautiful groves, on com
manding' hill-sides, by gurgling streams,
by the side of placid lakes, in forest parks,
are large, beautiful and airy residences,
occupied part of the year by wealthy
I can picture no happier life no life so
elevating and conducive to noble living
as that Rev. Mr Drayton leads. He is
rector of the Episcopal church at Flat
Rock and officiates every Sunday in the
Summer. On the other days he is in his
flower garden, learning and teaching, by
object lessons the gospel imparted in the
flowers. He looks through nature in its
richest and choicest adornment up to God.
Henry Ward Beecher said of flowers:
"They are the prettiest things which God
made and forgot to put a soul in." So
redolent were the flowers at this grotto of
beauty, so stately and winning as they
inolined their heads to the passing breezes,
so instinct with life as they nestled in
warm beds and cozy corneis, that they
seemed to be lull of life lull of soul.
Among the residences at Flat Rock
there is one in which there resides an old
man full of years and honors in whom
all who loved the Lost Cause feel an in
terest. The boure of Hon. C. G. Mem
minger, who was in the Confederate cabi
net, is on a high hill, at the base of which
is a beautiful lake. Ex-Secretary Mem
minger is now a very old man and has re
tired from the practice of law with a large
fortune. He is shown marked respect
whenever he goes out.
Ex-Gov. Aiken of South Carolina, also
has a home at Flat Rock, as have the
Barnwells, the Elliotts, the Lowndes,
Kings, Trenbolms, Barings and others of
the wealthy residents ot the Palmetto
State. They all keep their carriages, sad
dle horses, retinue of servants, and they
live very much in the style in which they
lived before the war. I drove by Ex
Gov. Aiken's with a friend,, who related
an incident that will not be uninteresting
to the readers of the Chronicle.
In view of the fact that North Caroli
na's patriotic Governor is very chary with
bis pardons, the incident will have a spe
cial interest. When Ex-Gov. Aiken was
in the gubernatorial chair it was an easy
matter to secure pardons. He gave more
than the usual number and it created com
ment throughout the State. So much
was it talked of that it became joke
among the lawyers and some advised the
judges not to pronounce sentence upon
criminals because it would do no good
the Governor would pardon them. It
was during the days when the punishment
for larceny was the whipping post. At
court a negro was convicted for stealing.
The judge sentenced him in this way:
"Mr Sheriff, take this negro at once to the
whipping post and give him 39 lashes on
his naked back. Give it to him at once,
for if you wait he will telegraph to the
Governor and get a pardon." The pun
ishment was administered accordingly, bo
says my informant."
A Typical Career.
Early last Saturday morning a man
jumped overboard from a ferryboat which
was crossing from Jersey City to New
York. Bruised, bleeding, and half
drowned he was fished out of the' river.
He was recognized as Charles H. Reed.
Only a few years ago not a lawyer in
Chicago was rising faster or had more
flattering prospects than this man. He
had already distinguished himself at the
bar and had acquired a strong influence in
city politics. He had been elected to the
lucrative office of city attorney when he
was younger than any man who hid ever
filled it. He had a host of friends who
prophesied a brilliant future foi him.
Young, gifted, handsome and popular, it
seemed that he lacked nothing to insure a
shining success. But he did lack "the
one thing needful." He began his career
with no fixed principles, and played at life
as if it had been a game of chance. He
won at the start and then he lost, and
gradually went down in Chicago.
When the assassin, Guitean was on tri
al, Reed saw an opportunity to rally bis
broken fortunes and to acquire a wide
spread fame. He had known Guiteau in
Chicago, and managed to put himself
foremost in his defense. In conducting
the case he showed - considerable ability
and remarkable perseverance. Almost to
the moment when the rope was put around
the assassin's neck Reed was devising and
pressing new expedients to save him, or at
least to postpone his doom.
The famous trial and his activity in be
half of his client were the means of giving
Reed great notoriety as a criminal lawyer.
But it brought him no good. Congress
voted him $3,000 for defending Guitean,
but he left Washington owing his hotel
$2,000. Then he began to lead a life of a
reckless bohemian. He was never heard
of except in connection with some crooked
transaction, and was much more sought
by the officers of the law than by . those
who wished to engage his legal services.
Last fall he was arrested for passing a bo
gus check in New York. A few days ago
he agaio loomed up in Jersey City,
where he attempted to rob the money-
drawer of a restaurant. The proprietor
declined to prosecute him, and a few days
later he made the attempt to end his mis
eries beneath the waves of North River.
The story is not a new one. It is the
old, old story who try to make short cuts
to success, f Charles H. Reed has walked
the same path which has been trodden by
many a gifted man before him, and has
met the same fate. It will always be so.
No man can outfoot the Nemesis who
pursues him on the rocky way of trans
gression. Atlanta Constitution.
No man without honesty, integrity and truth
fulness, can long succeed in this world. 1
t3f It is a great mistake to suppose
that the South is losing any sleep because
of the probable arrangement of the next
national democratic ticket. As the Gal
veston News says: "The newspapers in
the North are certain that the South wants
to furnish a running mate- for Cleveland.
In this the newspapers are mistaken. The
South wants a Democratic president and
has thought, thinks and will think of noth
ing else." --
ISf Australia is suffering from a genu
ine rabbit plague. Thua far 7,833,787
have been killed and the little cotton-tails
keep on increasing.
Sebved Him Right. A white man
named Crawford, the much married man,
was convicted at Hendersonville court
last week, Judge Boy kin presiding, of. se
duction under promise of marriage. He
was sentenced to five yearain the peni
lpnt.iarv. which is all the law allows. The
Judge told him be would like to give him
fave yesrs more it possible.
An '. Encouraging Siow.-4We copy
with pleasure the following paragraph
from the Cape Fear Advocate of Wilming
ton, published and. edited by colored men:
"The negro In Wilmington is acquiring
bank accounts. He is learning the fact
that a bank account and a few acres are
indispensably necessary to make him
prominent in the business, world. From
information received at the First National
Bank in this city, there are over one hun
dred oolored depositors, with accounts
ranging from one dollar to one thousand.
This is encouraging."
3r Creditors of Miss Richardine Car
son, deceased, late of Charlotte, will pre
sent accounts to E. B. Drake, Esq., ad
ministrator, Staterville. -
Score one fob the Static Guard.
The good of a military, company was de
monstrated a few days ago at Elizabeth
City, when a thousand or more negro ex
cursionists undertook to compel the con
ductor of the train to run their echednle
instead of obeying the orders of his com1
pany. The Pasquotank Rifles were called
upon, and their appearance with fixed
bayonets quelled the disturbance and four
of the rioters were arrested.' The Econo
mist says the Rifles, and' the Rifles alone,
preserved the town from serious disturb
ance and bloodshed.
SIT The Executive Committee of the
State Board of Agriculture directed that
Dr. H. B. Battle, first assistant chemist,
be appointed to take charge of the station
from the date at which the resignation of
Dr. Dabney takes effect, until the regular
meeting ot the Board in December, at a
salary of $1,800 per annum. The Secre
tary of the Department of Agriculture
was requested to advertise for applica
Hons to hit the position of State chemist,
taUT" Gov. Scales and staff, and an es
cort of at least a company, will represent
North Carolina at Philadelphia in Sep
tember at the "Constitutional Centennial."
It is very likely that the veteran Fay
etteville Independent Light Infantry will
be chosen as the escort. 1500 was appro
priated by the last Legislature to pay ex
penses. J5f It is now positively stated that
work is to at once begin on the extension
of the Carolina Central railroad from
Rutherford to Ashevil.e. All the prepa
rations are reported complete.
We leatn that Mr J. T. Patterson
is making his way back to North Carolina,
and is not so favorably impressed with
the "great West" after seeing it as he was
from reading the glowing accounts in pa
pers and pamphlets. All in all, there is
no country that will excel old North Car
olina. Fine climate, good health, good
society, plenty to eat and a good appetite
to enjoy it. Morganton iStar.
J3f The colored people have specially
invited Hon. John Sherman of Ohio, to
speak at their State 1 air at ualeigh, which
begins October 24th. It is said Sherman
will be glad of an opportunity to come.
Perhaps the wind may be taken out of
his sails, on his arrival, as completely as
in the case of Fred Douglas at the fair of
1880. Douglas, the famous negro came
here to make a political Bpeech in the
evening. In the day he was at the Fair
and heard Governor Jarvis speak. He
was greatly moved by that speech, and
was astonished, as he frankly declared, at
the "state of things" here the good feel
ing between the races and the kindness
the white people showed the negroes. He
utterly broke down in his attempt to
speak at the fair, and at night his. politi
cal speech became a mere lot of chat and
reminiscence. John Sherman will see a
great deal if he comes here, if he will only
bej manly enough, as Douglas certainly
was, to acknowledge the fact. Hal. Cor,
HIT" Kerr Craige, Esq., has resigned
as a director of the N. C. Railroad on be
half of the State, and Gov. Scales has ap
pointed A. W. Graham Esq., of Hiltaboro,
to nil the vacancy.
Hflf The grape exhibit in Raleigh
which opened on lburaday, was a hand
some one, evidencing the fact that North
Carolina can grow as fine grapes as any
section of the Eastern States. The exhib
it was very large.
tdP The secular press report that Rev.
E. J. Willis of Virginia, has purchased an
interest in the Shelby Female College,
and will take charge at an early day
Pharmaceutical Association. This
Association closed its labors yesterday
morning, after considering much business
of immediate importance to the Associa
tion. The following officers were elected
for the ensuing year:
President, F W Hancock of Newbern.
Vice-Presidents, T D Crawford of Ox
ford, W C Carmichael of Asheville, and
W H Wearn ot Charlotte.
Secretary, E V Zoeller of Tarboro.
Local Secretary, H C Shannon of Golds
Treasurer, A S Lee of Raleigh
Executive Committee, H H Lyons of
Asheville, D L Adams of Raleigh, J II
Hard in of Wilmington, D Herring of Wil
son, W H Forman, Jr, of Louisburg, and
U amith of Charlotte,
The following members were elected
from whom the Governor will select one
to fill the annual recurring vacancy in the
Board of Pharmacy; E V Zoeller, W C
f orter, A W lioland, J H Harding and
ti 11 .Lyons
The following delegates were appointed
as delegates to the American Pharmaceu
tical Association which meets in Cincin
nati in September: Wm Simpson, E V
Zoeller, J G Grant, A W Rowland and T
a Hill. Asheville Citizen.
SW Elisha A. Welch, the original
"Yankee clock" man, died Monday at
Forestville, Conn., aged 78. At the age
of 21 he started in business for himself,
:.u . i i - , , r.
wnu iwg employees, masing ClOCKB. ills
goods were peddled all over the country
fifty years ago, and from two the cumber
of his employees reached a thousand. He
leaves an estate worth over $3,000,000.
The trial of Alabama's defaulting
Treasurer, Vincent, began Monday. The
amount of the shortage is $200,000, and
nipeteen indictments stand against him. -
The widow of Col Stiles, an old
Confederate soldier who fell in battle, was
buried in the same grave with her hus
band in Stonewall Cemetery, Virginia.
The Constitution of the- United States
Its History. .
Arrangements for the celebration of the
centennial of the Constitution of the
United States, at Philadelphia in. Septem
ber next, are progressing favorably, lbe
committee having the matter in charge
are hard at work, and the prospect is that
it will be one of the grandest celebrations
ever held in the United States. It will
last three days, the 15th, 16th and 17tb.
The Philadelphia Times has the following
outline of the plana for the celebration:
"The most wonderful work ever struck
off at a given time by the brain and par-
pose of man." Such is the opioion ot Air
tiiadatone on the Federal Constitution of
America, and in order to provide a proper
national celebration of the centennial an
niversary the framing and promulgation
of this wonderful document, the commit
tee of citizens appointed are working dili
gently and earnestly to render the occas
ion not only worthy of the nation, but an
event of historical importance to the peo
ple of Philadelphia. The executive com
mittee have up to the present time made
the following arrangements: President
and Mrs Cleveland will be the guests of
Mr George W. Childs and will arrive in
the city September 14. They will be ten
dered a grand reception on the evening of
On September 15 a great industrial and
civic display will be paraded through the
streets. September-16, the military pa
rade will include the regular foroes of the
United States, commanded by General
Sheridan, and 6,000 of the State National
Guard. New Jersey will send 1,500
troops; Maryland, 1,000; Rhode Island,
1,000; Delaware, 550; Virginia, 300,
North Carolina, 150; and it is expected
that there will be 20,000 soldiers and sail
ors in line. ,
September 17, which is the Centennial
Day, services will be held in Independent
Square, at which the President will pre
side. Justice Miller ot the Supreme uourt,
will deliver the oration.
The committee announces that accept
ances have been received from the Gover
nors of Virginia,' Georgia, Delaware,
Maryland, New Jersey, Kansas, Missis-
sippi, Massachusetts ana Vermont, me
principal members of the Uiplomalic
Corps, the Judges; Senators, members of
Congress, divines, literary and art celeb
rities in fact, everybody connected with
the progress of the country.
So far the following appropriations have
been made: By the Pennsylvania Legisla
ture, $75,000: Massachusetts, $40,000;
Connecticut, 118,000; Rhode Island; 12,-
500; and North Carolina 1500. The
Pennsylvania Legislature appropriated
1100,000, but one item of 125,000 for en
tertainment was vetoed by the Governor,
leaving the appropriation $75,000. The
governments of Maryland, New Jersey,
Virginia, Ohio and South Carolina have
each authorized the Adjutant General to
provide a proper military representative
and to draw the expenses from the State
exchequer. Everything possible has been
done to render the occasion a great and
memorable one, and Philadelphia will
soon begin preparations to put on her gala
attire for the reception of her distinguished
The History of the Constitution. On
May 14, 1787, the Federal Contention ,mel
in Independence chamber, and George
Washington, the delegate from Virginia,
was called upon to preside. After sever
al stormy sessions, running over four
months, the Constitution of the United
States was agreed upon on September 17,
1787, and it was duly ratified and accept
ed by the thirteen States.
The Carpenters' Hall Association claim
that the meetings were held in their hall.
While the minutes show that the build
ing was tendered, but not accepted, the
evidence of the journal of the convention
proves that it was held in Independence
Hall, as also does a letter written by Ben
jamiu Franklin to his sister, who said that
the daily walks to and from the State
House did him a great deal of good. The
oeremoniea attending the ratification of
the Federal Constitution Deo. 13, 1787,
were curious and are detailed at length in
the records. The procession to the court
bouse took place at high noon and among
those who walked in line were the Judges
of the Supreme Court, the Marshal of the
Admiralty, the Naval officer, the Collec
tor of Customs and the provost and facul
ty of the University. The exercises were
held in Independence Square, the same as
they will be on the Centennial Anniver
The next celebration of the adoption of
the Constitution was on July 4, 1788,
when the greatest industrial and trade
display ever held in Philadelphia was or
On September 17, 1861, the seventy-
fourth anniversary was celebrated by a
military parade and service in Independ
ence Square. Gen. Pleasauton command
ed the troops, Mayor Alexander Henry
presided and the oration was delivered by
Hon. George M. Dallas,
This was the last and greatest celebra
tion, but the coming festivities are ex
pected to cast all others in the shade by
their magnitude and splendor and the en
thusiasm of thousands from all parts of
the world. . -
The World's Largest Cities.
From the London Pall Mall Gazette.
The following information is often in
quired for, and, as it may be useful in
many cases for reference, we have com
piled a table of the largest cities of the
world, with their populations as Btated
by the latest authorities:
Aitchi, Japan, 1,332,050
Bangkok, Siam, 500,000
Brooklyn, N. Y., 771,000
Berlin, Prussia, 1,122,330
Calcutta, India, 766,298
Canton, China, 1,500,000
Changchoofoo, China, 1,000,000
Chicago, 111., 715,000
Constantinople, Turkey, 700,000
Foo-choo, China, 630,000
Glasgow, Scotland, 514,048
Hang-Chow-foo, China, 600,000
Hang-Tchcon, China, 800,000
Han-Kow, China, 600,000
King-te-Chiang, Chinai 500,000
" Liverpool, England, - 573,000
- . London, England, 3,955,819
Madrid, Spain, , 500,900
Moscow, Russia, "K' 611,974
' New York, N. Y., 1,400,000
Paris, France, 2,269,023
Pekalonga, Java, 505,204
Pekin, China, 800,000
Philadelphia, Pa., 850,000
St. Petersburg, Russia, 766,964
Sartama, Japan, 962,717
Sian, China, . 1,000,000
St. Louis,' Mo., ' 500,000
Tat-Seen-Loo, China, 500,000
Tien-Tsin, China, 950,000
; Tokio, Japan, 987,887
Tsohsutchau-fu, China, 1,000,000
Tain-Tchoo, China, 800,000
Vienna, Austria, 726,105
Woo-Cbang, Chins, 800,000
Two Foremost North Carolinians.
Each State in the Union is entitled to
place in Statuary Hall, in Washington
City, statues of two of its representative
men and the question is now agitated j Dy
the Press of the State, who shall North
Carolina have as its representatives? The
names that have been suggested are Gov.
Caswell, Nat. Macon, Judge Gaston and
Mr Badger. Of these Mr Macon bad
more distinction in the public service and
a longer continuous service and his was a
greater individuality of personal charac
ter. Like bis devoted mend, Mr Kandoipo,
bo pronounced him the wisest man - he
bad ever known, his eccentricities were a
striking feature of his cbaraoter. His
characteristic was bis simplicity, simplici
ty in dress and manner and conversation.
He was emphatically a plain, honest and
simple man, and was unconsciously a great
man. . His straw hat and cow-colored coat
and shad-bellied vest that covered his ab
domen, were conspicuous features of the
Convention of '35. In the famous debate
on the 32d article (the Catbolio emancipa
tion amendment) be took part in a short
speech, and persisted in calling the Bap
tists "Baptises. His simplicity ot Ian-
guage was so siriKiog mat it aimoBt
seemed affectation. ' But he was a great
man, great in bis integrity of character
and great in the honorable positions which
be held so long; and be was in bis char
acter a representative of the plain,
straightforward, honest, upright charac
ter of North Carolina of the olden time.
Caswell was our first Governor, a mem
ber of the Colonial Congress, who bad
military experience in the Revolutionary
war and a man whose ' character was en
dorsed by Macon as of the highest type.
Judse Gaston post-dates the Revolo-
tionary period. In all the elements oi
greatness he was the most distinguished
of all Carolinians. In purity of private
... ... . .
life, in the elegance of private life, in tbe
graces of private life, in profound attain
ments as a la wver and a judge, in states
manship, in literary oulture. as a racon
teur, and when occasion invited, a humor
ist, he was without a parallel in North
Carolina, and as we believe, elsewhere.
His features were all classic and his statue
would adorn Statuary Hall.
Mr Badger was a genius, but in the
composite character which makes great
ness, he was not a great man. He wad a
sprightly, alert, ready man, an excellent
lawyer without the judicial balance of
character which forms a great judge, and
the Senate of tbe United States bo thought
when tbey refused to confirm his nomina
tion to tbe Supreme Court. He was a
man to pass a pleasant hour withal, but
not a great man. Mr Webster, his triend,
and colleague in President Harrison's cab
inet, properly described him when be
said: "Badger was tbe most splendid tri-
fier he ever knew."
Macon, we think, and Gaston and Bad
ger surely were natives, Caswell was a
Mary lander, and nativity enters into the
consideration. Macon, we should place
first in the estimate, because of his revolu
tionary fame and his typical character,
Gaston next and Caswell and badger last.
Elizabeth City Economist.
We suggest to brother Creecy that as
he is writing from memory, be may have
fallen into an Aror. We also are writing
without examination, but our impression
is that the senate did not reluse to con
firm Mr Badger' nomination as Judge of
tbe Supreme Court. He was nominated
just before the incoming of a new demo
cratic administration, and the Democratic
Senate in view of the slavery question
thought it best that a Southern democrat
should have that place, and merely did
not act on nomination, leaving the place
vacant. It was at the next session filled
by Judge Campbell of Louisiana. We
are quite sure that the omission to con
firm Mr Badger was not from any lack of
appreciation of his excellence as a jurist
his reputation as to that being of tbe first
ord. r. Ed. Raleigh Observer.
Don't Throw Your Lands Away.
Scarcely a day passes that we do not
chronicle the sale of thousands of acres of
land at nominal prices. These lands, eold
at a song, usually hold mineral or wooded
treasures worth many timeB the price
Our people will do well to use camion
in the sale of their lauds. When they are
approached by strangers it will be well to
reserve a royalty or some other interest
in the mineral or forest rights. Tbe
Tales, who thus disposed of their marble
quarries in North Georgia, have an inde
pendent fortune that generations cannot
exhaust, from royally. Others have sold
as wisely. Tb. great majority, however,
have sold for a trifle a birthright the value
of which mouey can scarcely measure.
To withdraw lands altogether would be
to stop progress, and thereby obstruct the
appreciation of values. But tbe South is
now undergoing tbe very transformation
that fifteen years ago possessed the West
Let our land owners go slow. There is
wealth in our soil we never dreamed of.
and it should not be sacrificed in igno
rance or carelessness
Wearing Holes Through the Skull.
Here is a problem for your medical
readers. 1 know a woman whose bead
was recently examined in my presence by
a phrenological friend. Among other
things be said that tbe organ ot "benevo
lence" was "abnormally developed " and
so active that the skull over that little
"bump" was worn almost as tbin as paper,
As the woman is under 30. and well
known to me, I became concerned for her.
and asked it tbe unrestrained action ot
that taculty would be likely ever to wenr
tbe skull entirely through. If so, what
would be tbe eflt-ct, and did be ever know
of such a case? Yes, be said, there was a
woman in Philadelphia who became reli
giously iDSine. Went about the streets
preaching and praying. And at her
death it was found that at the point where
phrenologists locate "veneration" there
was a- hole worn entirely through the
bony covering of the head. I have before
me a French skull where tbe portion as
signed to "deslruotiveoess" is worn as
thin as paper, while on the too-head.
where the moral and religious faculties
una expression, the cranium is fullv aauar
ter of an inch thick. The woman I sneak
of complains of beat and itching over "be
nevolence" and extending back to "vener
ation ," and her hair is erowinjr thin there
What is she to do? "Restrain?" Yes,
but it has got beyond her control. She
can no more help giving than she can live
without breathing, whether it be thought.
time or money, sympathy forgiveness or
aavice mow the question is. What
treatment can you physicians recommend
to prevent the wearing of holes in fine
The reader may believe as much of the above
as he plesse&I ' '
dF The latest return from Kentucky
give uucKner a majority of 17,500.
Macon. Ga.. Aug. 6. Infoimation has
been received of a most horrible tragedy.
occurring last night about twelve miles
trom here, in this county. Ke ports say
that Capt. Richard Woollalk, a well
known farmer, bis wile, four children, ana
Mrs West, aunt ot Mrs Woolfalk, were
found murdered in their house this morn
ing, having been knocked in the head and
their throats cat. Tbos. G. Woolfalk, son
of Capt. Woolfalk by his first wile, is bus-
pec.ed of the crime, and was arrested.
The deputy sheriff and coroner went out
to tbe aoene ol tbe murder, but owing to
tbe distance from the city lull particulate
cannot be had just now.
Later and fuller details from tbe .cene
of lbe Woolfalk tragedy develop tbe tact
that there were nine victims instead of
seven, as first reported. Captain and
Mrs R. F. Woolfalk, their six children
ranging iu ages from eighteen months to
twetitv years, and Mrs West, an aunt of
Mrs Woollalk, aged 80.
The coroner jury found a verdict of
murder against Tbos. G. Woollalk, sou of
tbe Captain's first wife, who was sleeping
in the bouse. His statement was that
some lime before daybreak he was aroused
by groans and tbe sound ot blows, pro
ceeding from bis pareuia' room. His half
brother Richard ran into the room which
adjoins bis, and thinking that a murder
t j l? -pi : A
was ueiug comiumeu, ue iiuos.j juuipou
from tbe window in bis night clothes and
bare feet and ran to the bouse of a negro,
three or four hundred yards distant, to
get them to arouse the neighborhood.
v ' - r -a . . i
ne says ne was airaiu 10 reiuru, le&rtug
that be himseli would be murdered, but
went back aftt-r half an hour. No help
had arrived, aud he went in to see if the
family had been murdered. He tound
them all dead. He stepped in a pool of
blood in passing and left foot prints on
the floor. He found his step-mother lying
so that her head was on the floor and her
body on the bed. He raised ber up and
plaoed her on tbe bed. He then changed
his clothing. By this time a crowd bad
arrived and soon after he was taken into
custody. " '
The evidence before tbe jury was cir
cumstantial throughout. The crowd con
tinued to grow in size and indications
pointed strongly to ..lynching. Sheriff
Westcott told the jury to withhold their
verdict until he could get the prisoner
away and then making all arrangements
slipped Woolfalk out of tbe house in a
hurry and drove away so rapidly that the
crowd had hardly time to realize the de
parture. Tbe prisoner was brought to
Macon and safely lodged in jail, where be
talked of the crime coolly , but made no
admissions. His motive is said to be a
desire to gain possession of his father's
property lor himself and two sisters, chil
dren of the first, wife. -
Arrival and Departure of Trains at
RICHMOND & DANVILLE AND ATLANTA
& CHARLOTTE AIR LINE.
No. 50 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
2:15 a. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 2:25 a m
51 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at 5.05 a.
m. Leaves for Richmond at 5.15 a. m.
No. 52 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
12:35 p. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 1:00 p. m.
No. 53 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at
6:25 p. m. Leaves for Richmond at 6:45 p.m.
CHARLOTTE, COLUMBIA & AUGUSTA.
Arrives from Columbia at 6:10 p. m.
Leaves for Columbia at 1:00 p. m.
A., T. b O. Division.
Arrives from Stateaville at 10:45 a. m.
Leaves for Statesvile at 6:35 p. m.
Leaves Wilmington at 7:35 a m; arrives at Char
lotte at 4:20 p. m.
Leaves Charlotte at 8:45 p m; arrives at Wilming
ton at 8:00 a. ra.
Shelby Division oj Carolina Central.
Leaves Charlotte for Rutherfordton at 4:33 p. m.
Arrives at Rutherfordton at 9.10 p. m.
Leave Rutherfordton at 7.15 a. m.
Arrive at Charlotte at 11.50 a. m.
RALEIGH & AUGUSTA AIR-LINE R. R
Passenger Train Leaves Hamlet 2:45 a m, nrrives
at Raleigh 9:00 am.
Leaves Raleigh at 7:00 p m, arrives at Ilainlet
1:35 a m.
WESTERN N. C. RAILROAD SCHEDULE.
Passenger train leaves Salisbury 11 30 A. M., ar
rives at Asheville at 5 43 P. M., and at Paint
Rock at 8.30 p.m.
Leaves Paint Rock at .0.55 a. m., and Asheville
at 1.10 p. m, and arrives at Salisbury at 7.30
CAPE PEAR & YADKIN VALLEY ROAD.
Leaves Greensboro 9:50 a. m.
LeavesFayettesville 3.30 p.m; arrive at Ben net ts-
ville, S. C, 6:45, p. m.
Leaves Bennettsville, S. C, 10:10 a. m ; Leaves
Fayetteville 2:00 p. m., arrive at Greens
boro 7:25 p. m.
Smith Improved Gins, Feeders & Condensers.
We have the Agency for this Gin. and can cur
that it is constructed upon approved principles,
built in first-class Shops by thorough mechanics.
It has been thoroughly tested and found simple
in construction, ugm araugnt, cleans seed well
and makes a fine sample. An improved attach
ment, prevent3 the roll from breaking and there
is no etioking. . . .
We have also the Agency for the VAN WIN
KLE GINS. FEEDERS AND ( ONDEN9ERS.
Improvements have also been added to this Gin,
ana parties now U9ing tbe "Van Winkle" can
testify as to its merits here in this vicinity. Par
ties who think ot buying Ginniosr Outfits ebonld
not fail t examine the "Smith" and "Van Win
kle" Um before making a trade.
We are also stocked with a full Hue of Imple
ments of all kinds. TENNESSEE WAGONS
reduced in price to meet any figures on same
class of Wagons.
A stock ot Buggies, Spring Wagons Harness,
we, on nana, wnicn win oe sold to meet any
price for like goods in quality.
Choice New Seeds in Season.
Call and examine our stock of Goods. We in
tend to meet any competition that is fair and
Brio? ns Wool to be mannfartnrpH an1
see samples of Goods made by Gwynn, Harper
J. G. SHANNONHOU3E & CO.,
Implement and Seed House.
July 15, 1887.
Every Lady purchasing Goods in the above
line will do well to investigate our Stock and
Prices. This department of our business receives
special attention tnd embraces all the most
desirable materials to be found In a first-class
Mourning Goods department.
Lusterle&s Silks from $1 to $2.
Cashmeres in every grade from 25 cents to
Our 75c, Cashmere is extra value at the price.
Be sure to see it. , .
Full line of Henriettas from $1 to $2.
Tricots, Sebastopool DraD' Almas, in All-Wool
and Silk Warps. JBlack Satteena and Black
STf Mail OrdegS solicited and promptly filled.
' Jf T. L. 8EIGLE & CO.
aiay zz. isf. u West Trade St.
Comparative Cotton Statement.
The following is theoomparativecottoB
a',ement for'lhe week ending Aug. siv
statement fort he week ending Aup
Net receinta t all TJ. S. norta. 1.499
Total receipts to date, . 5,228,376
Exports for the week, 20,177
Total exports to date, 4.834,205
Stock at a'l u. b. ports, - 100,037
Stock at all interior towns, 8,958
Stock in Liverpool, 638,000
Stock of American afloat for
Great Britain, ; 84,000
Total Receipts at all American Pom,
1 A. A. AAA-
since oepw it, 1000.
Tbe following are the total net rece'b.
of cotton at all United States sea-pom
since September 1st, 1866: Gal vestoi
707,485 bales, New Orleans 1,728,004
Mobile 21 3,443, Savanoah 794,702, Charles
ton 397,167, Wilmington 134,915, Nor
folk 535.556, Baltimore 96,338, Ne
York 87,031, Boston 105,403, Newport
News, 104,467, Philadelphia 58,374, Wen
Point 207,692, Brunswick .26,978, Port
Royal 17,950, Pensacola 12,872. Total
Total Visible Supply of Cotton.
New York. An. 6. The total
9 CM VIQ
supply of ootton for the world is 1,423-
uido, ui wuiou 001,100 are Ameri
can, against 1,350,233 and 924,533 re
spectively last year; receipts from all in
terior towns, 2,561; receipts from plants
tions, . Crop in sight, 6,364,016.
CHAPTER OF PACTS.
Worthy of Your PerusaL
Blessed this year with abundant crops of every
kind, the forced .and heroic economy of our peo
ple for the last two years is a thing of the past.
New life, hopes and aspirations are the order of
the day, and with it fresh impetus to the Mer
chant; and to him the question suggests itself
where to buy bis goods. The answer is, at your
nearest home market, and that market tor the
Carolioaa is Charlotte, N. C. And the House
pre-eminently - entitled to your trade , is the
Wholesale Bouse of the undersigned.
In support of which claim,. I lay a few facts
before you, challenging the world to gainsay
them : : .
1st Fact I carry by far the largest Stock of
Goods in my line in the State, and cite a few
quantities of same.
2d Fact 150 cases, or 7,500 pieces, or 375,000
- yards Prints, from 8 cents to 6 cents per yard.
3d Fact 600 bales, 12,000 pieces, or 500,000
4th Fact. 30 cases, 1,500 pieces, 75,000 yardi
Bleached from 8 to 10 cents per yard.
otu Fact. 100 bales, 100,000 yards 3-4, 7-8 and
6th Fact. 2,250 pieces, 112.500 yards Casimeres,
most of them made for me especially, in the
States of North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee,
Georgia, and Kentucky, from 10 cents to $1.60
7ih Fact. 200 cases, 1,000 dozen Hats for men
and boys from $2 to $30 per dozen
8th Fact. 1,000 cases 80,000 pairs Shoes.
9th Fact. 300 cases Boots, all made especially
for me and warranted solid.
10th Fact $25,000 worth of Shirts, Buttons,
Suspenders and Notions in general.
11th Fact I buy everything from first handi
and pay Cash as I go, hence advantages over
12th Fact - In buying from me you can at all
times have recourse on me should there be
anything -wrong, which you cannot on the non
resident. 13th Fact. In buying from me, you help to
build up the enterprises of your own section,
and hence you share its benefit, which is not
the case when you buy of a non-resident
14th Fact. In buying at your nearest home
market you get a much lower rate of freight,
(thanks to tbe Inter-State Commerce Law.)
15th Fact In buying from my strictly Whole
sale uouse your customer cannot sajr tuat w
can buy where you buy.
A good many more facts could be cited, but
the above ought to satisfy anyone.
Finally Prices will be guaranteed to yot
against all comers by the Standard Wholesale
July 29, 1887. Charlotte, N.C
Has inducements to effer. which can not be
equalled by the best Dry Goods Houses in tie
Added greatly to his already large stock, and ot
1. . . itr 17 1- 1 1 . a-
uia recent iri) luitew iur uuugui up our
plus Stocks of Importers and Manufacturer.,
which enables him to sell manv most seasonable
Ridiculously Low Prices.
Since I have taken hold of the Retail Houte
formerly under the name of Wittkowky .A
Baruch, and withdrawn from the Wholesale
business, I devote my entire time and attentiot
to the Retail only, and being a Cash Bayer of
thorough experience, I can, and will, always
Which will be Appreciated
By all who look at my Goods and get my Quo
tations. - ' ' - ;
See My Dally Displays!
SEE MY DAILY BARGAINS!
See whether I don't lead in Low Prices.
See my Stock and you will
See the largest in the State.
See my prices throughout my Store, and you will
Is the Regulator of Low Prices.
I solicit Mail Orders and give them
June 3, 1887. Charlotte, N. C
BURWELL & DUNK
At Lowest Market Prices.
Lewis' Pure White Lead.
Rnri nH Raw Linseed Oil. .
The Best Ready-Mixed Paint, all Colors and
all size cans.
Toucan paint your buggy for one dollar, is
the best ttyle. with Carriage Black (and other
colors) The best is sold by - TTMW
- BURWELL & DUNN.
Of Patent Medicines, we have all kinds by
the bottle, dozen and gross at prices always tw
BURWELL & DUNN.
Dr. King's Blood and Liver Pills. Dr. King1
Cougb Syrup. Dr. King's Sarsapaxilla f.
Queen's Delight Dr. King's Vermftuge. Sow
n,jr bj BURWELL & DUNN-
If you will give your horses, cows, hogs jV
poultry the Celebrated Kentucky Condition Fo f
ders.you will have no trouble. 25 cents Vi
package. For sale by f
. BURWELL & DUNN,
Wholesale and Retail Drugg. f
June 10, 1887. Opposite Central flo
To supply a need long felt by the MedJ
Profession of this section, we have now aBfl
keep constantly in swck. a run line 01
We are also prepared to give any and au
counts in any of the New York Instrument w
logues. Give us a caii. : nn
Nov. 18. 1885. . Druggists, Springs' Core
Averill Ready-Mixed Paints are oonatftf
the best. For sale by . -n .
W. M. WlLun
Sept. 10, 1889.