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This Paper is 35 Years Old
. CHARLOTTE, N. C.,' FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1887. ,-.
l: i , VOLUME XXXTI. NUMBEK 1 825
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CHARLOTTE DEMOCRAT, !
Published kviey Friday by
YATES fc STRONG.
o : ,
Tbbjcs One Dollar and Fifty Cents for 1 year.
One Dollar for 6 months.
Subscription price due in advance.
-Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N
as second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department.
II. u. ECCLES. . GEO. W. BRYAN.
The largest and most centrally located Hotel in
.the city. . . :
Newly painted and refurnished. Electric
'Bella and Electric Lights. Tjie Central and
iBclmoat uuited. . . - - r I ...
ECCLES 3s BRYAN,
Aug. 5, 1887. Proprietors.
J. P. McCOMBS. M. D.r
'9!lcrj bis professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
(both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
Dr. Annie L. Alexander,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice limited to diseases of WOMEN and
CHILDREN, and attention to Female patients.
Office, at Mrs Latham's, 214 South Tryon
street, nearly opposite the Post Office.
Charlotte, May 27, 1887. tf
A. BOUWELL. P. D. WALKKK.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts
CfjP Office in Law Building.
Jan. 1, 1884.
HUGH W. HARRIS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N". C.
Willi practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Office, First door west of Court House.
Oct. 17, 1885.
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Will practice in all the Courts of this State
Prompt attention given to collections.
Nov. 7, 1885. tf
i?. I. OSBORNE. W. C. MAXWELL.
OSBORNE & MAXWELL.
Attorneys at Law,
C1IARLOTT E, N. C.
' vVill practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Offices 1 and 3 Law Building.
July 3, 1886. y
I HAMILTON C. JONES. CHARLES W. TILLETT.
JONES & TILLETT.
Attorneys at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Practice in the Courts of this District nnd in
Richmond county. Also, in the Federal Courts
of the Western District.
Aug. 12, 1887.
G. P. BASON,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal
Courts. Office No. 16, Law Building.
Tan. 14, 1887. y
DR. M. A. BLAND.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
Jan. 1. 1884.
.HOFFMAN & ALEXANDER,
CHARLOTTE, N . C .
Otflce over A. R. Nisbet & Bro's store. Office
.hours from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M.
K. B SPRINGS. K. S. BURWELL.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers & Commission Merchants,
Con. College and 4th Sts.,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Jan. 1, 1837.
Complete Stock and Lowest Prices
Shoes, Trunks and Valises.
June 24. 1887.
-" .... u. vvr ,
16 South Tryon street.
E. B. BURWELL, E. B. SPRINGS,
R. A. LEE.
Burwell, Springs & Lee,
Charlotte, N. c.
Oftlces at Chambers' old Liverv StaKi
Springs & Burwell's Store, on College street,
near the Cotton Platform.
Don't fail to see us before you sell. We want
10,000 Bales Cotton this season for direct ship
ment to Liverpool, and we fully realize that to
get it we must pay full market prices. At any
rate, it may pay you to see us.
BURWELL, SPRINGS & LEE
Sept. 24. 1836.
THE BEST STOCK
Heavy and Fancy Groceries,
ruus, canned Uoods, etc., can be found at
A. R. & W. B. NISBET
IST"" The Georgia measure . mak'iDg it
penal to educate white and black children
in the same echool is known as the Glenn
bill. It was passed by the House Toes
uay Dy avoieoi 14 lovs.lnelwo nays
being the colored members. . The people
oi Georgia do not propose to have any
more foolishness about this matter of I
mixed schools than their brethren of North
Carolina do. The only : echool arrange
ment possible in the South is whiteschools I
for white children and black, school for
black. The Georgia bill is certain to' be
come a law.
SALE FOR TAXES.
By virtue of authority conferred upon me by
law, I will sell at the Court House in the city of
Charlotte. BC., for cash, on Monday. August
29tb, 1887, at 12 o'clock M., the following de
scribed Property for State and County Taxes
lor the year 1886, due and unpaid :
One Lotln the city of Charlotte, adjoining the
property - of T. u." Gaither 1 amVothert, sold as
property or .Nellie Alexander taxes due 68 cents.
One-half Acre of Land in Charlotte township,
adjoining property of Frank Smith and others,
somas property oi .Nancy JJavis taxes due
One-fourth Acre of Land in Charlotte town
ship, adjoining property of Aaron Dixon and
others, sold as property of Dorcas Murphy
taxes due 66 cents.
Two Lots in the city of Charlotte, adjoining
propenv oi das. iteia ana others, sold as pro
perty of J. G. Thomas taxes due $4 39.
Eighty-four Acres of Land in Paw Creek
township, adjoining property of David Norment
ana otners, sola as property of Thomas Kinney,
reiurnea ior taxation by JNed Davidson taxes
Thirty-six Acres of Land m Steel Creek town
ship, adjoining property of J. A. Caruthers and
others, sold as property of T. N. Alexander-
taxes due $3 86
W. F. GRIFFITH.
Aug. 5, 1887. 4w
I will sell to the highest bidder, for cash, at
the Court House door in Charlotte, N. C, on the
29th day of August, 1887, at 12 M , one tract of
1jA.SSU, 14U acres, more or less, lying in Mecklen
burg county, adioinine the lands of W. P. Alex-
ander's homestead, G. W. Little, Frank Little and
others, lhe Land is sold as the property of W.
I . Alexander to satisfy executions in my hands.
T. S. COOPER,
August 5, 1887. 4w Sheriff.
By yirtue of a power contained in a Mortgage
maueiomeDy w . u uutnoertson and wire J.
M. Cuthbertson, on the 21st day of March, 1885,
ana duly recorded in .Book 43, page 168, in the
Register's office in Charlotte, N. C, I will sell
at public auction, at the Court House door in
Charlotte, on Monday, the 5th day of September,
1887, a valuable HOUSE and LOT in the city
of Charlotte, situated on Fifth street in Square
90 and Ward 1, adjoining the property of Mrs
C. A. Klueppelberg, Mrs M. E. Farrow and
others. Terms Cash.
Aug. 5, 1887. 5w Mortgagee.
Having qualified as Administrator of the
Estate of David W. McDonald, deceased, I
hereby notify all persons holding claims against
said deceased to present the same to me on or
before July 20th, 1888. or this notice will be
pleaded in bar of their recoveiv: and all per
sons indebted to said deceased are requested to
mane prompi paymenr.
JNO. R. ERWIN,
July 15, 1887. 6w Administrator.
The undersigned having been duly qualified as
Executor of the last Will and Testament of Mrs
Susan Spratt Finch, before the Probate Court of
Mecklenburg county, on the 24th day of June,
1887, hereby notifies Ell persons holding claims
against the Estate of his Testatrix, to present the
same to him for payment on or before 20th July,
18SO, or tuis notice will ne pleaded in bar of
their recovery. All persons indebted to said
Estate will make payment to him.
H. S FIKCH,
Executor of Mrs Susan S. Finch
July 15, 1887. . 6w
Paid in Cash or Trade, at
ROSS & ADAMS'
Book and Stationery Store, No. 17 S. Tryon St.
July 9, 1886.
We are rapidly filling our large and handsome
New Store with New Goods to replace Stock
destroyed by the fall of our building 14th May
The Merchants of the surroundin? countrv
have only to give us a trial to be convinced that
we are selling Hardware as low as any hou3e in
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Oct. 9. 1886.
A. R. & W. B. NISBET,
Grocers and Confectioners,
Tobacco, Cigars, Musical Instruments, &c
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
The best stock of Groceries, Confectioneries
Prize Candies, Toys, Musical Instruments,
Strings, Tobacco, Cigars, Snuff, Wooden-Ware
Paper Bags, Canned Goods, Glass Jellies, Crack
ers, Powder, Shot, Salt, &c, in the city, will be
found at our
Wholesale and Retail Store.
Call and see us before buying.
A. R. & W. B. NISBET
Bread, Cakes and Pies
description. Hot Koils every even-
HOWELL'S BAKERY, ;
Sept. 17, 1886.
We have the Improved Tubular Lantern : also
the Buckeye, with Double Globes.
K. U. JUKDAJN S UU.
Dr. Scott's Electric Hair Curler
immediately crimps, bangs or curls the Hair to
any desired shape. or sale by
R. H. JORDAN & CO.
CHICKEN CHOLERA CURE.
A certain Cure for Cholera, for sale by
W. M. WILSON & CO..
Charlotte, N. C.
Emulsion Cod Liver Oil at
W.M. WILSON & CO'S.
t Butter Color,
making Yellow Butter.
W. M. WILSON & CO.,
March 18, 1887. Druggists'
, Bringing up Children Rationally.
It is as
natural to a child to bo happy,
a fish to swim. But , for this
as it is to
they need a certain: amount of "letting
alone.' It is a great mistake for parents
to hamper their, children with foolish re
striciionsi- VVe .pity the little B's, onr
next-door ueighbor's children (rom , the
bottom of our , heart. There la , a picket
feucej in front ol the house, and tbey are
scarcely allowed to go. near it, lest they
should climb and hurt themselves. ,They
cannot climb, a. tree lor the tame reason.
They may not skate or swim,, or have a
gnu. lhe consequence of this training is
that their parents have-, made ; cowards ! of
them all, with the exception ol little -Bes
sie, who is the most daring little mischief
that ever wore a aunbonnut, ? and she has
learned to be deceitful and plays all her
mad pranks s well out of night, ot her ; pa
rents' eyes. We caught her the other day
walking' the railiugrof--' btidje that
crossed the track of a railroad a hundred
feet below.. The railing? was not a foot
wide, and, she triumphantly told us that
she had walked it while. the train was
passing under. It was enough to make
one shudder. .- .
Don't fancy your boy U made of glass
Grant a reasonable request, and let him
feel that when you refuse, it is for his own
good. Between the Jelleybys and the
Gradgrinds of life, children have a hard
time of it. 1 be youngest child needs
some sort ol agreeable occupation, and a
certain . amount ot physical - lreedom.
There is nothing more painful to young
people than to leel that life is one dull
routine, and that "nothing ever happens,'
as we once heard a disconsolate lad re
To QrjENCii Thirst. A North Side
physician states that ice-water does not
quench thirst but increases it. "I re tne in
ber a little story.' said be. "which. 1
think, might do much good, if published
during this hot weather, that I heard
from an old sailor. He said that be and
six shipwrecked companions lived four
days on three pints ol water,, and were
not a bit thirsty. When I. asked him to
explain, he said, that instead of gulping
tbe water down, they each took a tea
snoouful and eurled it well in their
mouths. If any one will try tbe expert
meut, no matter bow thirsty he is, by
thoroughly rinsing his mouth with not
over a teaspoomm oi water, ne win una
i 0 1 1 r i
it will quench his thirst as effectually as a
quart of water hastily swallowed, and
will not hurt him any. 1 believe that
fully one-third of the deaths during the
heated season are,- il tne train . were
known, directly or indirectly due to
heavy drinking of ice-water." Pittsburg
i I -
35?"" Close economy is a : better lesson
to learn than how to make a large expen
diture wisely. But this is a lesson that
must begin at home. It a lather teaches
his sou to be a spendthrift at home, he
must not be surprised if be is a spend
thrift at college. Independent. .
Mecklenburg County Teachers'
Office of County Board of Education, )
Charlotte, N. C, Aug. 11, 1887. f
The Mecklenburg County Teachers' Institute
will be held in the Charlotte Graded School
Building, commencing Monday, Aug. 29, 1887,
and continuing two weeks. ,
According to Section 2567 of the School Law,
all Teachers of Common Schools are required to
attend, and no pay or teaenmg ceruncate win ne
granted to those attending less than hve days.
Teachers in adiacent counties and an persons
j uteres ted in the cause of Education are cordially
invited to attend.
S. W., REID, Ch'n.
W. W. Robinson, Supt.
Aug 12, 1887. 2w
North Carolina Railroad Company,
Secretary and Treasurer's Office,
Burlington, N. C, Ang. 4th, 1887.
The second pavment of 3 per cent on Divi
dend No. 25 will be due on September 1st to
Stockholders of record at 12 o'clock, M., on
August 10th. The transfer Books will be closed
at 12 o'clock M August 10th, ,until September
1st, 1887. . ,
. . tr. is. nvuria.
Aug. 12, 1887. ! 4w Secretary.
PHARR & LONG,
(Successors to & t. Latta & JJro.,)
rnd will be ourTtmost" effort- to dral
loyal support at the hands of the community,
which so steadfastly attended the retiring con
cern, and nas maae mem prominent miuuguuut
the two Carolinas.
New Clothing for 1887.
We shall eive very close attention to our busi
ness nd shall have a Bpecial care to the interests
of our patrons, and as we begin our new life,
having no accounts and naught against anyone,
bearing "eood will toward all men, and a very
sner.ial likinc for ladies, who have the responsi
ble charge of providing well for the comfort of
the "rising generation," we shall hope by cour
teous dealing, the selling of reliable Goods only,
and the One Price system, to succeed. ;
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
Our exnenses will be light, relatively reduced,
as we shall serve in active capacity ourselves, and
as we have purchased our Stock very advan
tageously, and much under value. -
We will offer inducements heretofore unknown
to the trade.
The first call from our friends will be much
appreciated, and will give us an encouragement
which we will endeavor to suDstamiauy mannest.
PHARR & LONG.
Jan. 7. 1887. . -
Blood and Liver Pills.
. ..King's Pills are peculiarly, adapted to the fol
lowing Diseases: Bilious, Intermittent and Re
mittent Fevers, Sick Headache; Piles, Indiges
tion, Costiveness, Colic. Jaundice, Dropsy,
Dysentery, Heartburn, Loss of Appetite, Dys
pepsia, Diseases of the Liver, Kidneys and
Bladder, Eruptions of the . Skin. Nervousness,
and all Disorders that arise from a Diseased
Liver or Impure Blood. For sale by
BURWELL & DUNN, Druggists,
April 15, 1887. , - Charlotte, N. C,
TTavini? secured the services of one of the very
best Of Bakers. I am prepared to furnish Bread,.
UaKes.ana every ining in me BMeijium.
Feb. 11, 1887. - East Trade 8treeL
The Cow and Aai Keep
The Above wale sdbjec
by' . Pr ft ''LttwLk;
Farmer's Instil ate in Concor
lhe,tmes reportsa Jg? H
i "What a; farmed ,wacrts,?ia cow;4haV
will bt of .benefits to-hini- iTha crying
seed of the country aapmanars. ? He... had
nothing to say ofemiBereial Jertilizerir, 1 and alter fignring up the load paid him in
t. . j -uT i i?!e..ri: ' -'t - U - . ; I
bat said that the farmer oagbt to mke
their own manure,' and save theuexpeasf
of buying, which expense would finally -result
in destruction,, Ha said-lbat the
farmers oagbt - to. make a great. 'deal j of
their manure from the , droppings of. the
cows, lbev ouirni to Da Kent so mat-ail
their droppings may be saved. ... . , H 1
What kind of cows shall the farmers
keep? he asked. There were mahy kinds I
-Short Horn, Devon Jersey BfHolstein,
Guernseys, fcov , :1Hef said J the Guernsey I
was nreferaUe.Hor -makln1 butter -and I
the Holstein f Oi-'prbducing milk.' He' kd - f
vised all those who kept bulls to buy only I
tborousrnbreds. Kver? farmer who keeps l
them, he said oueht to have a' Guernsey
A very important part of his subject
was bow to keep the. cows..;. They ought
to be kept well. - No man ought to keep
an animal who is not, prepared to protect
it and care for it. , It is a mistake to keep
cattle if you can't feed them well. They
ought to have as much as tbey can eat all
the time. , . They ought to be treated kind
ly and in no oase should tney .be whipped
or chased by dogs. - Cows will give a great
deal more milk if treated kindly than they
ptherwise would. The main things are
the feeding and sheltering. The old
method was to give.lhe cattle tbe refuse.
Tbey should have only the very best. He
went into a full and lucid explanation , of
the system of ensilage. Dr. Lewis in con
clusion said he was what was known as a
book larmer, and knew that practical
farmers generally had contempt for this
I a a ' J
He recommended ensilage very highly:
The cheapest Silo being a ditch, 6ix feet
deep, seven feet wide1 at the top and six
feet at the bottom and as long as desired:
said this would keep as welP as any kind.
Put the crops in," corn preferable, - pea
vines, weeds, &c. Place carefully, put
the weight on and then shelter. ' He said
sow rye now for early forage next Spring,
then have clover by tbe time tbe rye
failed, then oats." ,. .
- A Wonderful Trumpet
A Cincinnati dispatch describes a won
derful trumpet, the invention of Harry! B.
Cox, a young electrician, residing near
that city. The trumpet is intended to be
used lor telephoning at sea, and is the out
growth of bis discovery of tbe , great dis
tance an echoed or reverberated .sound
will carry, and the discovery that speak
ing trumpets, it made to give tbe same
fundamental note, would vibrate and pro
duce the phenomenon known iu acoustics
as "sympathy." With this trumpet con
versation in an ordinary tone of voice was
carried on between .parties lour and a
quarter miles apart. People sitting at
their windows or on their porches a mile
away conversing in an ordinary tone could
be distinctly heard, and in two . instances
they were told of their conversation aud
admitted that such had taken place. By
listening to the whistle and tracing ' it be
yond I1 embank to Lawrenceburg, Ind., it
was found that the instrument has a well-
defined range of twenty-six miles; that is.
a loud sound like a locomotive ' whistle or
. i ti- - . - i-i-.r .f
tne rumoimg oi a train can oe aiswinciiy
heard at a distance ot thirteen miles ,m
every direction. Conversation was read
ily carried on between two men on high
bills on oposite sides of the Ohio i river,
about four and a-halt miles apart. - Tests
made on the water showed that. the trum
pet, was eveu more available than on land.
The instrument will be patented as soon
as, perfected. A name has not been chosen
for it. .... , " . , .. ,- ;
Three or four of the -young men
who presented themselves before the board
of examiners at Westfiild, as applicants
for the vacant cadetship at ,Weat Pointj
lost all chances of success, even if their ex
amination bad been otherwise satisfactory,
by reason of cigarette or. cigar smoking.
Some of them had what is called "tobacco
hearts," caused by that useless and. injuri
ous habit. . And if such use of tobacco un
fits them for WeBtPoint, it is equally in
inrioiis to thpm for the active duties : of
I iife, and .certainly injures tbe ' health,
but surely, cUll .who practice it
Only 8 of the 18 applicants ; at Westfield
were found physically sound, and it is
worth while for young men to consider the
folly of a habit which . unfits them' for
West Point. Tbe "tobacco heart" alluded
to is the unequal action of that- member
resulting rom cigarette smoking habit
Pittsfield Eagle. ' , ' .. ;
Tbe slavery in the Pennsylvania
mines is described as very much " Worse
than it ever was in the South. The infan
cies are said to be fearful. ' It seems 'that
the "company doctor" has about five thou
sand patients. The miners are forced j to
pay him whether or no.' He is a drunkard,
and greatly abuses his office. The New
York World says the 'Southern slave
holders paid their doctors to attend them,
but these modern slaves in Pennsylvania
are taxed by the doctor whether sick or
well." A most . shameful outrage that.
We are glad it is not in the South. , -:
Guns. Pistols . , . .. '
We are headquarters for these Goods. ' Have
just opened up the finest and most complete line
of Sporting Goods ever brought to uus maxKex.
; Doable and Single Breech Loading Shot Gnns,
all grades.- London Fine Twist Muzzle Load
ing Guns. Breech Loading Rifles, all, grades.
Paper and Brass Shells. Breech Loading Imple
ments, Shot Pouches and Belts, Powder Flasks,
&c.,&c. ; s .' r - -V.v ?
' We guarantee our retail prices on these Goods'
against New York or Baltimore. Call and ;- be
convinced. i- 5.
.. HAMMOND; & JUSTICE. t-
Rubber and Leather "Belting.
Just received, a large lot of Rubber Beltiag ot
all sizes.. We warrant every foot we sell and
guarantee pur prices against any house, south of
Baltimore. " ' '"' - 1 ,
, : HAMMOND & JUSTICE.1
-'Oct. 29.1886. " - ; y '-.- f
t df anaudress I ,, A pprrectQnyille armer sold a load : of
aieiBb!4 at" the roorn n that town one day. When it was
J la weak i,:,4Plc,J U"J,J UU IUD DOB1CB,
and' then drove off to unload. When the
empt wigon was jweighed he' took good
. ftafenot to be in, and congratulated " bim
ielt that he had cheated the buyer in good
snape. ine grain dealer called him in,
As the farmer buttoned oi his coat : to
go but, 'the buyer kindly asked him ; to
smoke with him, and then talked oyer the
'crops. and the" price of hogs, and the like
lihood ol the Maple Valley railroad build-
me untnat wav. unui me larmer lainv
squirmed in his chair with uneasiness about
nts chores at home. At Its, he could
stand it po longer, and said he must go.
The dealer quietly said it was not to ibe
thought of; that be had bought the farm-
erat lull weight, and paid him bis own
pri'ce7aod"lhat tie 'would i&sist "dfi 'doing
what be pleased with bis own property.
ine raiser ot tne corn saw mat be bad in-
(deed sold himself, in one sense at least.
He acknowledged his cheat and compro
mised the affair. Now when he markets
grain be does not stand on the scales or
sell himself with bis load. :
A good many boys sell themselves in a
still cheaper rate. ' e boy who lies,
cheats, swears or steals, and thus loses
bis character, his reputation, and his pros
pect of prosperity in this life and blessing
in the next, sells himself .to sin and Satan;
and though he may not get his pay, the
buyer is likely to hold on to his purchase.
The Purification of Water.
It has long been known that water may
be clarified by tbe formation in it of a
precipitate, which, as it falls, will carry
down . mechanically the lighter, and of
course the more dangerous portion of the
suspended matters, which otherwise are
very slow in separating. In Clark's well
known process for softening water a suf
ficient quantity of lime to combine with
the free carbonic acid is mixed with the
water. Tbe precipitate of carbonate lime
if we may still use tbe familiar old name
for the calcium carbonate of modern chem
istscarries down with it all suspended
matters, including bacteria, and the water
remains not only softer but very much
purer. Carbonate of soda is an even more
powerful precipitant, as it removes per
manent as well as temporary hardness.
In either case the deposition is, however.
somewhat slow, and to avoid the use of
depositing tanks a filter press was used in
the .Porter-Clark, process, which was
shown in action at the Health Exhibition.
An. American contemporary, the Boston
Medical and Surgical Journal, reports
that Dr. Hobroslaviue of St. Petersburg,
advises as a good precipitating agent a so
lution of perchloric! e of iron followed by a
solution of carbonate' of soda. Simple and
devoid of inherent novelty as the sugges
tion is,' it is very sensible. Translated
into English weights and measures,, tbe
quantities used are about three grains of
perchloride of iron, four grains of soda
crystals per gallon of water.' The precip
itate is said to settle in about forty-five
minutes and to leave tbe water perfectly
clear. The quantity of carbonate of soda
is not sufficient for the complete decompo
sition of the iron salt, but would convert
it into a heavy, insoluble, basic chloride,
bat which would doubtless settle easily.
So simple an experiment is well worth
trying. It is noteworthy that by slightly
I increasing ine quantity oi caroonaie oi so-
l A din ... f 11 - -A T7 X. -
i u tua mm wuiu uc tuueucu. cuc
otten wondered that tne sottenicg ot wa
ter for domestic uses is not more frequent
ly practiced in private houses. The addi
tions of a very small quantity of carbon
ate of soda to the water in a cistern will
remove even excessive hardness in a few
hours at an almost inappreciable cost. If
the cisterns are used in pans tbe white de
posite from one may from time to time be
removed by flushing with water while
the other is in use. The troublesome fur
ring of boilers and hot water apparatus
might in this way be avoided. The Lan
cel. ' "
Queens and Kings.
Anent the fiftieth anniversary of her ac
cession it may be observed that the "style
Royal" of Queen Victoria differs greatly
from that of any of her predecessors; and
this, too, without regarding Lord Beacon
field's magniloquent addition, "Empress
of India." William the Conquerer called
himself simply "Rex Anglorum," and Wil
liam Rnfus only translated this into
"Eoglelandes King." Stephen took tbe
conquerer's title and added "Dux .Nor
man nornm" and Henry II made it "Rex
Angliso, Dux Normahniro et Aquitanice."
John first added "Dominus Hibernire"
and Henry III proclaimed himself "Rex
Francise." ' Bluff King Hal, of course, was
the first "Defender of the Faith," and
took onto himself almost as many titles as
wives, viz: "Angliae. Francise, et -Hiber-
nise Rex,- Fidei Defensor, et in terra Eo
clesi Anglican et Hiberniae Supremum
Caput." His illustrious daughter, Eliza
beth, set the example of a plain English
as "Queen of England, France and Ire
land, Defender of the Faith;" and ber suc
cessor, James I, merely inserted the name
of Scotland and changed the gender.
Qaeen Anne first used' the title "Great
Britain" instead of England and Scotland.
In the Georgian Era there was a partial
relapse Into Latin as "Brittaniarum Rex."
And finally tbe exact style of the present
sovereign is "Of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland Queen, Defen
der of the Faith, Empress of India."
t5? The fact is noted that in climates
having a difference of seventy degreea in
temperature between tbe not and cold
seasons, a railroad track of tbe length oi
400 miles is some 338 yards longer, in
Summer than In Winter; that is, though
of coarse the length of the road remains
the same, expansion forces the metal
oloser together, making an aggregate
closing np space between the rails of near
it m i.iu in uuw.
. EST" Paper bottles, paper demijohns
and paper.: drinking cape have been in
vented. There's aacn a close relation- te
tween raga and liquor that somebody
oaght to be able to make whiskey oat . of
'. if ' "
-- A Remarkable Occurrence. ' !
t f i
A Baltimore correspondent of the Nash-
Tiller Advocate relatei the following re
markable occurrence: J v
Rev. David Shoaff was an honored mem
ber of the Baltimore Conference. He was
! not a man of "brilliant talents. i Ha had
a ciear experience, ne was fervent m
P1"' n abounded in reaU He had not
the benefit of thorough trammer in : tha
the benefit of thoroogh traimrg in the
dcoouib, uui ais me, nis iove ior so a is, ois
abundant labors qualified him for - the
work to which he was devoted, and easily
explains the success of his fruitful minis
try. 1 Through him many were led from
darkness into light. V . s ' ' v'l ' ; 1 '
. Mr. Shoaff .was : separated from his
most loved brethren through the years1 ot
war. Bat he continued to preach among
those with whom for the time he was con
strained to remain. As soon as the ''war
ended" he . turned to the Conference in
which ; his ministry, began, arjd in it la
bored till the going down of the su'riHT'
Some facts pertaining to his ' death and
tbe boors thereafter may interest your
readers." The night before his death be
became suddenly alarmingly worse. ThOBe
about him thought he was dying. He as
sured them he was not, bat that it would
not be many hoars before he would de
part. As far as any one could determine
he was perfectly "himself." 1 He said: ; "I
am not dying, bat yonder they 'are wait
ing for me. Ton cannot see them, bat I
do." The next morning about ten o'clock
he entered upon the final conflict. War
ing his hands in token of victory, he ex
claimed, "It is all over, I am going to
heaven." A few hoars later his son en
tered the parlor where his father's body
was lying. "The expression of his coun
tenance was so life-like," writes his son,
"that I remarked to the one who was with
me, 'I believe either the spirit is still in
the body or is lingering near. That after
noon I entered the room again and again.
The impressions were the same. The next
morning his appearance was changed. I
felt that my father was indeed dead."
Mr. Shoaff was thought to have
died about 10 a. m. The night- of tbe
same day watchers remained with the
body. The names of all cannot now be
recalled, but among them were brothers
Ephriam, Grayill, Atwell, Danna, and
David Walton.. About midnight tbey
went into the diningroom, where lunch
was served. As they were about to re
enter tbe parlor they were startled by a
sudden burst of music that filled the room.
It was not the sound as of human voices,
nor that of instruments of music. Several
of the company left the house and walked
some distance. The sounds grew fainter
as they moved from the bouse and became
more distinct as they approached it. Fi
nally, the aerial strains floated out through
tbe open windows near the body of the
holy man. The sounds became less and
less audible, and at last were lost in mid
air. The facts seem worthy of record.
Lessons and inferences must be left to
your readers. .
A person who baa never, been in the
polar regions probably has no idea of
what cold really is; bat by reading, the
terrible experiences of arctio travelers io
that icy region some notion can be formed
of the extreme cold - that prevails there.
When. we have tbe temperature down to
zero oat of doors we think it bitterly cold,
and if our houses were not so warm as,- at
least, 60 degrees above aero, we should
begin to talk of freezing to death. Think,
then, of living where tbe thermometer
goes down to 35 degrees below zero in the
honse in spite of tbe stove. Of coarse, in
such a ease the fur garments are piled on
until a man looks like a great handle of
skins.- Dr. Moss, of the English polar ex
pedition of 1875 and 1876, among other
odd things, tells of tbe effect of cold on a
wax candle which he burned there. The
temperature was 35 degrees below zero,
and the doctor must have been considera.
bly discouraged when, upon looking: at
his candle, he discovered that the flame
bad all it could do to keep warm. It was
so cold that tbe flame coo Id not melt all
the wax of the candle, bat was forced to
eat its way down tbe candle, leaving a
sort of skeleton of the candle standing.
There was heat enough, however, to melt
oddly shaped holes in the thin walls of
wax, and the result was a beautiful lace-
like fivlinderof white, with a tOnorne Oft
yellow flame burning inside it and send-
ing out into tne aarxness many sireaxs oi
light. This is not only a curious enect ot
extreme cold, bat it shows how difficult it
mast he to find anything like warmth in a
place where even fire itself almost gets
cold. The wonder is that any man can
have the courage to willingly return to
sucn a region u.viug ob bj t..y
away trom it, ana yet tne tram is tnai
the soirit of adventure is so strong in
some men that it is the very hardship and
danger which attract them.
' Treatment of Insect jSUngs. '
The stings of insects, such as goats,
mosquitoes, etc, sre ofteo painful. In
such a case apply spirit of hartshorn or
volatile alkali to the part, spider bites
are not only painful, bat often venomous,
aud it is necessary to wash' them with
salt water or dilated vinegar. The sting
of the bee is harmful only when the sting
remains sticking in the wound. So the
first thing to be done is to press the
wound in order to make it bleed, since tne
blood that flows will carry along a portion
of the poison. Then sack tbe woand and
wash it well with water and then with a
eolation of knos powder. This , latter,
rbicb is much used in England, consists' of
three parts of chloride of lime to eight
of common sail. ' An ounce of this powder
is to be dissolved in a tumbler of water.
For the sting of tbe. scorpion,, volatile
alkali should be used, and after the pain
subsides, an emollient cataplasm nay be
applied..' " ;" .; ;
Pueasast Homk f Lif. Kx-Gov. Gil-
- 1 pis of Colorado, who is seeking a divorce
i " -
I . ..... r . , t . 1 . -. -
ing nis lue nncomioriaoie inrongn vam ia
dium of batcher knives and tack hammers.
Once when she had knocked ' him uncon
scions for several hoars by ft jadicioas
blow, ahe held family prayer and asked
that some disease might come and make
him cm no and flatter with the angels. i
Tlie Habita of Eli. .djoo
" The habits of elk ara mUal"ty2ose of
deer,1 bat they are- much larger' animals.
flnvi'' t.hl ' rm- tin-rrtnX 'tnruA i at ! '.zo.
Cows that are1 in" good iobdiUoB! viress
about 350 'pounds, andiat b alls I "dress
about 450 pounds. -I bate ncard f -bulls
that dressed 00 pounds, but 1 iever saw
so large an elk, and I have Wen. bandreds
of them. ' In September," the1 calves dress
i rom eu to iuu poonas. . xneir meat is
tender bot tMteie fcbd VeaWike. i UL fat
two year-old elk heifer is probably the best
meat oneartn, at 1 lease i 'tainx- so.'' ans
oowi are good eating but inferior tb black
tailed deer. -The bulls aire- rither 'tough
at all times, and their meat iis aaWofthy
of being cooked during the batting season.
Shortly after tbe ratting season . tbe necks
of the lull - an tiered' balls begin to swell
and to grow hard.f tThen it- requires an
exceedingly bard-shooting tide to drive a
ball through their necks T aw," while
on this bunt. foar ball! shot low down on
th-eck, hat in nft instance .did thet ball ., .
pass through, and in no case did it' strike "
the neck-bone; in all-instances it' lodged
under tbe skin on the- 'opposite1' side from
the banter. We nsed 44-60 Winchesters,
tbe latter figures expressing the- number
of grains of powder burned behind the
ball. This rifle will throw a ball through
an elk or through a bear from side to aid a,
bat will not carry through sn elk's neck.
Ball : elk drop their antlers- in-January,
bat this, I suppose, depends on the 'lati
tude in which they live. A ball in fall
antlered when hois three years old; then
there are six prongs on each antler. Some
times the antlers "sport" as .corn does,
and the horns take queer shapes. - .This is
a very serious disaster to the elk,' as he
cannot fight effectively with "sported"
antlers, and he is driven out of the , band.
I have a set of antlers "sports',' which
have thirteen prongs on each. born. - The
bull that, wore these heavy- useless; ant
lers spent the season in; seclusion; he could
not fight. One of the most remarkable
spectaoles in tbe pine-clad highlands is to
sfe a foll-antlered bull elk trot at speed
through a forest where , a horse , has to
slowly pick his way. I. have frequently
seen an elk bull, whose spread of antlers
was at least four feet, dash at fall speed
through a belt of timber where I could
not follow on horseback because the trees
were too close together, and he did , not
strike a tree with bis antlers. ; When a
cow-elk is killed her calf will-ran off to
hide io the woods; but it will frequently
retarnto the place. where its mother ; fell,
and it often pays for its , hungry .search
with its life. I shot a fat cow one morn
ing, and saw two calves not far from her.
When the rifle cracked the calves disap
peared. That night I mentioned the act
of the calves running off to my comrade.
He said: "If you will go there to-morrow
morning you will probably find ' both of
the calves snooping around iu the woods
near the dead cow.. They will be hungry
by that time, and they will return to their
dead mother to get a drink of milk. The
two calves williust make oat 'bar, wagon
load of meat. You had better go and kill
them.". I went back the next morning.
The two beautiful, graceful calves stood
beside their dead mother, trying to make
her rise. Evidently they, were . hungry
and impatient for their breakfast ; They
would posh her with their black noses or
strike her sharply with their fore feet. It
was a pitiful sight, and I felt like a : mar
derer, and did not have the heart to, kill
the calves. I drove them away, and when
my comrades came up with the pack ani
mals I told him my rifle did; not go off,
which was true. , For four weeks I walked
daily in the forest to-day. hunting deer,
to-morrow shooting grouse, and the next
day shooting elk. I studied the habits of
the game animals under the intelligent su
pervision of my comrade, whobad' lived
among them for. years, and whose living,
in a great measure, depended -jtri 'his be
ing. able to kill tbe game, at the '"proper
season.' We , shot many nimafs. ,.The
hunt was almost a slaughter; but we', lost
no meat; none was used i to-balt''besrs,
none thrown away. Every poand' that
we did not eat was carefully saved 7 and
sold. The meat was packed on 'horses'
backs for from five to ten miles' through
dense green timber, over burned lands and
across fallen timber. From there1 it was
haaled to Laramine," Fort Collins, ! and
Rawlings for sale, and the money, Obtain
ed for it was expended for provisions The
trans on wmcn we entered or lext tne elK
nnirtatn nnmnlr klinA trmUm
known to other persoesv Cofl '2feu 'York
According to tse Jour Dal cf.t 3
can Medical Associatioa, atterTiLn
3 u iS
cently been drawn to a new, r tv
order, said to be especially pr
EffUnd and America. It isCil'. -i "lL-
. tea.drinkeril dl6k.L ' n ,2:,,,. ia
three stages the acute, , subacute. . a; 1
chronic At first, the symptoms are con
gestions of tbe aphalie yessels,-cerebral
excitement, and animation, of the, face.
These physiological effects, being con
stantly provoked, give rise after, a while
to reaction marked by mental and - bodily
depression. The tea-drinker becomes im
pressionable and nervous, pale, subject to
J4rdiao troubles, and seeks relief from
these symptoms in a farther, indulgence
in the favorite beverage, which Job a. time
restores him to a sense, of well-being.
These symptoms characterize the two first
stages. In chronic cases theism .jis char
aoterized by a grave .alteration , of , the
function of the heart, and of .the vsso-mo-
ters, and by ft disturbance; of natmion.
The patient becomes subject to aljaeina
tidns, nightmares, and nervous trembling,
With those who take plenty of exercise, a
habitual consumption may often be in
dulgedin with impunity, bnt with women
and young people who follow,' sedentary
occupations this is not the case., .The best
treatment for theism is said .totbeindul
genco , in free exercise, such as walking
r Never place fresh egsnear. lard,
fruit, cheese, fish or other articles from
which any odor arises. 'The. eggs .art ex
tremely active in absorbing, power, and
in a, very short time tneyi are-eoniami
natod hv the csrticles of obiects in. their
neighborhood, by which the peculiar and
I exquisite taste of a new4aide'ggis de-
.1 stroyed. : 3 J J - m i
J Jit .
. t ..... J