Newspaper Page Text
CHARLOTTE. N. O.
Editors Democrat: Having access late
ly to the old musty papers of the late
Isaac Campbell, I there found a list of the
Jury that found Wm. Neal guilty of mur
der in Mecklenburg county, and if I am
not mistaken the first man that was
hanged in this couuty. And having a
kind of mania for old writings, I would
like to see it published for the benefit of
others, and I know some of the sons of
the jury are living yet. The following
are the names of the jurymen:
Wm. Springs, Philemon Morris, James
Bonds, James Black, James Spratt, Tbos.
Spratt, Wm. Gilmer, James Clark, Thos.
Hoover, Andrew Grier, John Wilson and
Isaao Campbell. Jane Wallace.
Mecklenburg county, Sept. 7, 1887.
Weather Crop Report.
Washington, Sept. 5. The following
is the weather crop bulletin of the signal
offioe for the week ending Sept. 3d:
Temperature The weather has ben
oolder than usual iu the lake region, Ohio
Valley, Southern Atlantic Slates, and un
usually cold from Maryland southward to
Georgia and Alabama. In the tobacco
region of Maryland, Virginia and North
Carolina, the daily average temperature
ranged from six to nine degrees below the
normal. In the region west of the Mis
sissippi River, the temperature has been
normal or slightly above. The daily
average temperature for the season, from
January 1st to September 3d, very gen
erally differs less than one degree from
the normal in all districts, excepting that
for Missouri, and lrom Central Dakota
southward over the western portions of
Nebraska and Kansas it varies from one
to two degrees above the normal, and
along the South Carolina and Geor
gia coasts, from one to two degrees below,
and along Lake Superior, from two to
three degrees below.
Rainfall. During the week the rain
fall has been slightly in excess from East
ern Texas northward to the Missouri Val
ley, in Florida and the upper portion of
the Mississippi Valley, and in other sec
tions there has been a slight deficiency
amounting to about one inch in the South
Atlantio and Middle Atlantic Slates.
The deficiency for the season continues
large in the lower Mississippi Valley and
portions of Illinois and Iowa, exceeding
ten inches over one hundred per cent ot
the usual amount of rainfall in the past
month from Eastern Texas northward to
the Missouri Valley, in the northern por
tion of Illinois, southern portion of Wis
consin and from Virginia to northern
Georgia. Less than 50 per cent of the
usual rainfall has been reported from
lower Mississippi Valley, Central Ala
bama and Southern Illinois and the
greater portion of Ohio. Frosts occurred
in Central Michigan Aug. 30th and 31st.
Burning of a London Theatre.
Several Lives Lost.
London, Sept. 6. During the perform
ance of the "Romana Rye," in a theatre
last evening, the building was discovered
to be on fire. The audience became panic
stricken and made a frantic rush for the
exits, in spite of the heroic efforts of the
attaches to re-assure them and induce
them to go out quietly. The occupants
of the pit engaged in an awful struggle
for egress in the various aisles. Men and
women were deliberately knocked down
and tramped upon by those behind them
and hundreds of persons were almost en
tirely denuded in the terrible fight for
life. The pit was finally cleared, but a
large number of persons in that portion of
the bouse were seriously injured, from
the gallery there was only one narrow exit
involving the descent of a rather long
flight of stairs, and here an indescribable
soene of terror and slaughter ensued. The
rush for the stairs was terrific and in a
moment the entiro passage was blocked,
those persons who kept their feet being
supported by a solid mass of prostrated
humanity 1mm Bhrieks, groans and curses
of the imprisoned and the trampled,
the wouticrad and the dying, were perfect
ly heart rending but there was ne relief,
and in a moment scores of men and wo
men were either suffocated to death or
killed by being trodden upon. A fire es
cape was at last brought to one of the
gallery windows, and through this medi
um the pressure was relieved and a great
many persons were lowered to the street.
As Boon as the house had been cleared of
the living, the work of removing the dead,
and 60 bodies were taken out by means of
the fire escape. 1 he wounded were con
veyed to the hospital. The total number
of lives lost is estimated at 100.
Later. The stair ca9e, which was the
only exit from the gallery in the Exter
Theatre that burned with such terrible
loss of life last night, was found to be
packed with bodies. Scores were found
at the head of the stairs roasted to death,
while those on the stairs and jammed to
gether in a mass at the foot were suffoca
ted. I here was such a frantic rush made
for this single means of escape that the
passage was quickly blockaded and no
one able to move, and so in this helpless
condition with the stair case before them
crowded with an immovable mass and
the raging flames at their backs, the vie
tiros were literally roasted, to death,
mere are terrible scenes about tne ruins
to-day, bereaved people seeking their
dead, orying, mourning and wandering
about in a helpless manner trying to iden
tify in the charred remains of human bod
ies some semblance to their loved ones.
The victims were mostly working people
who had occupied seats in the fatal gal
lery. In many cases fathers and mothers
both perished and the number made or
phan by the terrible holocaust is excep
tionally large. Several bodies were burned
to nothing but a small cinder, making
identification impossible. Sixty of those
taken to the hospital are seriously injured
and many of them will probably die. The
number of deaths is mounting upward
and it is feared now that it will reach 140
at the lowest estimate.
t3T Messrs Editors, I want to make
you a promise: When I get to be a big
prtacher and am accidentally forced to
hear a little preacher preach, I will not
tarn my back on him And bary my lace
in my hands, and act like I was ashamed,
or felt that I could do so much better.
But I'm going to look him square in the
face and say "Amen" "Whoop him up!"
as old Brother J. B., of our Conference,
would say. I have known a big preacher
to do great hurt that way. He may not
mean to do any harm. I have no idea he
does. But be nevertheless does harm.
It may be "just his way," but I tell you
"it'a a mighty poor way." Whom the
cap fits may wear it T. B. Malone.
ff Mr Thos. Hembv. one of the old
est and most highly esteemed citizens of
Vance township, Union county, died at
the residence of bia son-in-law, Mr lacero
Wilson, on Monday night after a linger
ing illness. Mr Hemby was the father of
Mr W. S. Hemby, proprietor of the Char
lotte Chronicle. He leaves many rela
tives and a large circle of friends to mourn
IT" Heports from the counties in the
Newbern section are to the effeot that the
rice crop is not greatly injured, and that
only one-nfth to one-tmra oi me corn
crop is ruined by the rains and floods.
H"" Our young friend and townsman,
Richard Whitehead, M. D., was tendered
and has accepted the position of Demon
strator of Anatomy in the medical De
partment of the University of Virginia.
tt Wa learn from a gentleman who
keeps up with all mining matters that the
Sam.ChrUtian gold mine in Montgomery
county, which was bought a few weeks
ago for $150,000, sold on the 17th nit. for
about si,uuu,uuu. mis i me uiKuw.
Drice ever paid for a cold mine in norm
Carolina. Concord Times.
rsr w nominate for historian of the
State that cultured and scholarly master
of the English tongue, Dr. A. W. Man
gum of the Uoiversity. Rocky Mount
JST Gen. U. F. Hoke and Maj. J no.
C. Winder of this city, with Mr lieo.
Richards of New Hampshire, haye formed
a r.nmnanv and incorporated it as the
Lincoln Liihia Water Company with a
capital stock of $10,000. These springs
A ma a
are near Lmcolnton this state, iney nave
racentlv been made known to the public
and visitors and users ot the water de
clare it to be superior to any other Lithia
water in the world. liateign uoserver.
The Colleges. There are now 175
students enrolled at the State University.
This is a gain of 25 over last year at the
same date. The indications are that there
will be an attendance of between 220 and
240 this year. At Wake Forest there are
already over 150 students, with additions
being made every day. This is a gain of
11 over the attendance of any year since
the foundation of the institution at the
"t5F" If most seotiona of the State the
crops are superb. The people generally
feel lifted up. The prospects are for such
a harvest as has not been known in years.
We should be grateful accordingly and
appreciative of the blessedness of living
in a land like this.
J3f Alexander Sloan, the negro who
killed young Freeze in Rowan county
wiih a razor some months ago, has been
taken to the insane asylum at Goldsboro.
For three weeks he has sat up in the iloor
of his cell day and night, ceaselessly tear
ing at the floor with his hands. He was
completely terror-stricken before becom
The same old tale.
More Mail Facilities. A movement
is on foot, started by a prominent commis
sion house in this city, looking to the es
tablishment of a night way mail on the
Carolina Central Railroad in addition to
the day mail now in existence. A peti
tion to the Postmaster General was circu
lated to-day and extensively Bigned here,
and blank copies have been sent to van
ous points on the road, suggesting that
the people there sign it also. Ihe mail
risked for is a matter of great importance
to the business interests of this city, as
well as those of residents along the line
between this city and Charlotte, and we
believe that it will be established. Wil
lit ought to be established immediately, for it
is much needed. J
Rowan Scpeeiok Coubt. The busi
ness in Rowan court was finished Monday
afternoon of the second week. The negro
Alex. Sloan, who killed Mr M. V. Freeze,
about a year ago, and who was convicted,
appealed, but failed to get a new trial,
and was to nave been re-sentencea at icis
court, pleaded insanity, established the
plea before a jury and was ordered to be
committed to the Goldsboro Asylum. An
old darkey was sent to the penitentiary
eight years for attempt at arson. Jesse
Julian and the negro whom he knocked
down with a rock at the Salisbury depot
last week because the negro had stepped
on his dog and then "sassed" him, were
both sent to jail. John W. Kerr, who
had "stumped" his toe on a balisbury
sidewalk and had fallen down and injured
his leg, sued the town for $3,000 damages,
but the town gained the case. Statesville
tgf The reports on the crop of sugar
cane in the State show it to be the largest
in twenty years. Many people are return
ing to the old methods of making molasses,
and recent inventions enable them to turn
out an excellent article.
The Railroad Survey has Begun.
Mai. J. W. Wilson, having completed
survey of the Cumberland Gap Railroad,
with a tunnel under the Gap only 3,700
feet long, came to Shelby on Monday, and
Tuesday commenced surveying one route
from fallston via Clevelaud Mills neigh
borhood, Ward's Gap to Morganton and
Cranberry, for the new railroad, I ben
he will survey the route beyond the river
via Lucas Ford Route and near the center
of Cleveland. After three tentative sur
veys he will select the best route and will
be ready to begin grading in November
according to contract. He says neither
the 2C s or 3C s has any connection with
his company, which is a free lance, ready
to co-operate with either. Shelby Aurora.
J5T At the annual meetiog of the
American Institute of Christian Philoso
phy held at Asbury Park, N. J., last week,
Dr. Kemp P. Battle, president of the
State University, was elected Vice-President
for North Carolina.
Resigned. Dr. Eugene Giissom has
"tendered to the Governor bis resignation
as surgeon-General of the North Carolina
State Guard. The resignation has not
been accepted and the Governor speaks as
though he will accept it with regret if he
does mo at all. There are none who could
fill ihe responsible position with greater
ability, and no one in the world whooould
look handsomer or impress a company or
army more favorably than the genial and
brilliant Dr. Griseom. Raleigh Observer.
I5T Two magistrates have been in
dicted in Chatham county for practicing
law. The penalty is a fine not less than
$200 and reiuoyal from office.
23f Attorney General Davidson has
recently relumed from New York, where,
as representali veof the Executive of North
Carolina., be had been in sonferejoce with
representatives of other States to arrange
a satisfactory system of Inter-State extradition.
How the Constitution of the United
States was adopted in 1787.
Information for Touncr People as well
Interesting article from the .Raleigh Observer.
The proposed celebration at Philadel
phia on the 15th of September, in com
memoration of the adoption oi the Con
stitution naturally leads to a considera
tion of the process by which that instru
ment was evolved. . .
While the Colonies were still depen
dencies of the Crown of Great Britain
there had been several attempts at united
action by some of the Governors, and as
far bick as 1754 at a Congress Held at
Albany, it was uoanimously resolved that
there should be a Union of the Colonies,
and Articles of Union were drafted, which,
however, the King negatived by with
holding his consent.
When oppressive measures were inau
gurated in 1765, associations were formed
for co-operation throughout the Colonies
and in 1774 the proposition of twenty
years before took shape ana tne ioaiiaen
tal Congress assembled, whose authority,
though not sanctioned by law, was ac
knowledged in every Colony. In 1776
this body declared the Colonies to be sep
arated from Great Britain, and that they
were sovereign and independent States;
and immediately thereafter it began to
prepare Articles of Confederation, which
were submitted in November, 1777, to the
several States for their ratification. Most
of the Slates speedily accepted the pro
Dosed terms of Union, but Maryland held
off until the Revolutionary War was ap
proaching its close, and it was not uuiil
March 1, 1781, that her delegate, being
so authorized, signed the articles. Con
gress being then in session the Articles
took effect the next day, and on March 2,
1781, the first sanctioned Government
was established for the United States.
vVhen these articles were under discus
sion in 1776 the subject of a representa
tion was a disturbing question. The
small States insisted on a Confederation
in which each State should have one vole,
but the larger ones favored ignoring State
equality and fixiug representation on the
basis of population. A U uion oi some sort
was indispensable and because tne email
Stales declared that they would nvrr as
sent to Union on any other terms tb oth
ers yielded the point and a Confederation
of the Slates wait agreed on, allowing, as
bad always been the practice, oue vole to
each of the Slates, without regard to pop
ulation or importance. The Union so es
tablished was to be perpetual, and no oth
er Stale could be admitted except by
All powers delegated were vested in Cu
gress, which, as before, was a single body,
and which appoiuted a committee to it
during recess, with one of its members to
preside and appointed all other otuoers
and conducted ihe administration of af
fairs. Most of the clauses conferring pow
ers on the general government and re
straining Stale acllou found iu ihe present
Consiitmion, are but reproductions from
the old Articles of Confederation. But
Congress could neither levy taxes nor
regulate Commerce, lo provide a reve
nue it could only notify the S'.ates to pay
their quota according to some plan ot as
sessment. Serious embarrassment result
ed, and it early appeared to be necessary
to vest Congress with additional powers,
and several unsuccessful effort! were
made to that end.
Finally, in 1785 Virginia set on foot
propositions looking to an amendment of
the Articles in regard to Commerce. Com
missioners met at Annapolis in September,
the following year, aod recommended the
appointment of other Commissioners by
every State to devise amendments; and
Congress thereupon recommended to the
States that a Convention be held for the
sole and express purpose of revising the
Articles of Confederation and reporting
such alterations and provisions as should
when agreed to, render the Federal Con
stituiion adequate to the exigencies of the
government and the preservation of the
Pursuant thereto the Convention met
in Philadelphia iu May, 1787. Rhode Is
land alone omitted to send delegates.
But the New Hampshire delegates were
very tardy in arriving, and betore theses
sion was half over two of the New York
delegates returned home, leaviug only one
present, and under the rules that state
thus lost its vote. North Carolina was
represented by Martin, Davie, Spaight,
Blount and Williamson. Washington was
chosen to preside,
The first set of resolutions offered came
from Virginia, and were introduced by
Hidmund Randolph. I hey looked to
wards the overthrow of the Confederation
of the States and the establishment of a
national government instead.
They provided "that the right of suf
frage in the national legislature ought lo
be proportioned to the quotas of contribu
tion or to the number of free inhabitants ;
"that the national legislature ought to
consist of two branches;" "that the mem
bers of the first brauch of the national
legislature ought lo be elected by the peo
ple of the several stales"; "that the mem
bers of the second branch ought to be
elected by those of the first out of a prop
er number of persons nominated, by the
individual legislatures; that the national
legislature ought to be empowered to leg
tslate in all cases to which the separate
Stales are incompetent; to negative all
laws 'passed by the several States contra
vening in the opinion of the national leg
islature the articles of Union, and to call
forth the force of the Union against any
member of the Union failing to fulfill its
duty under the Articles thereof; that a
national executive be instituted to be cho
seu by the national legislature, and that
new States .should be admitted without
requiring unanimous consent."
Such were some of the provisions of the
Virginia 1'lao, a plan that the Virginia
delegation seemed to have had much at
heart. It proposed great changes iu the
form of government. The Federal sys
tern was to give place to a national gov
ernment. The word national was written
with a big N all over it.
Congress bad been composed of a vary
ing number ot delegates Bent by the
States, but each State, without regard to
the number of its delegates, had but one
vote. Thus Slate equality was the funda
mental principle of the Confederation.
Now Virginia came forward with a plan
that removed the last vestige of Slate
equality. Representation was to be based
on population; the people, not the State
legislatures, were to elect the representa
tives, and these in turn were to elect the
Senators, who likewise were to be appor
tioned on the basis of population. The
two houses were to choose the .President.
Congress was the judge of its own powers
and could negative Siate laws, and could
use foroe to coerce a State. The changes
thus proposed by the Virginia plan were
extreme. The Union was no longer to
consist of equal ta$ee; fyut in lieu of a
Confederation of separate Sovereignties,
vt-.: i r wi:..
there was 10 arises himoui iwpuunu
from whioh the idea of State equality was
entirely eliminated. Charles Pinckney of
South Carolina, then one ot tne largest
States, offered a set of similar resolutions.
To test the sentiment of the convention.
Randolph proposed a resolution that "a
national government ought to be establish
ed consisting of a supreme legislative, judi
ciary and executive." The voice of Virginia
so early in the session was potent. The great
States of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania,
Virginia, Noith and South Carolina, along
with Delaware, voted for the resolution;
New York was divided, and Connecticut
stood alone in opposition. The other
small States were not present.
A resolve that the President should be
chosen by the national legislature to serve
for seven years passed with only, two
States in the negative.
The convention, however, rejected tne
provisions of the Virginia Plan in regard
to the election of Senators by the National
House of Representatives, and resolved
that "the second branch of the National
Legislature ought to be chosen by the in
dividual legislatures." Then came up the
vexed question of representation that had
been agitated in 1776. What vote should
the several States have in Congress?
What should be their power and influ
ence? Should the Union be one of equal
Stales or should their power be in propor
tion to population and importance; should
the smaller States retain or surrender
their right to check the aggraudizamen
of the larger States at the expense of ihe
weaker commonwealths should the new
Union be a Confederation of States or
should the Stales be merged in a na
tional government? Ibis was a most im
portant matter and elicited warm and ac
iimonious debate. The small Slates again
as in 1776 protested against being de
prived of equal representation; but the
larger States were heedless of remon
strance and pursued their course with a
strong hand. On June lllh it was re
solved that the representation in the first
branch should not be according to the old
rule of Slate equality, but according to
some equitable ratio of representation.
Oi this proposition seven -lates voted af
firmatively. New York, regarding hrr-
self as oue of ihe smaller Stales, voted
with New Jersey and' Delaware in the
negative. Maryland was divided. The
same queetioa arose with intensified inter
est in regard to ihe Senate, wbeu the pro
position was nude that ihe right of suf
frage iu the Senate should be according to
the rule established for tbe House. At
first the larger States were successful.
They carried their point despite the re
mousirances of the weaker common
wealths. Pennsylvania, Massachusetts,
Virginia, North and South Carolina, and
Georgia voted aye. Delaware, New Jer
sey, Connecticut, Maryland and New
York voted no. New Hampshire and
Rhode Island were not present.
But the opponents of the new sj stem
were not tamely submissive. They bad
been reinforced by the arrival of Luther
Martin of iiarylaud, and others, and qui
etly prepared for a strong effort to obtain
saleguards for the weaker States. On the
15th of June they offered through Putter
son of New Jersey, a set of resolutions
that embodied their views. These did
not propose the overthrow of tbe Confed
eration but only the enlargement of its
powers with provision for a President and
a Supreme Court leaving the Union fed
eral in all essentials with each State cast
ing a single vole in Congress. A hot de
bate was precipitated. In tbe mid?t of
this warm and earnest discussion, when
delegates passionately insisted that the
preservation of liberty was entirely de
pendent on the preservation of State
equality, Alexander Hamilton, who was
not in harmony with the other delegates
from New York, brought forward his
plan providing for a consolidated govern
ment, with a Supreme Congress the as
sembly lo be elected by the people; the
Senate lo be elected by electors chosen in
districts for the purpose, and to hold for
life or good behaviour; the President to
be similarly chosen for life; the govern
ors of the States to be appointed by the
general government and to have a nega
tiv'e on all laws passed by the State legis
This proposition of Hamilton's in effect
set an elective monarchy, and reduced the
states to mere satrapies. The issue was
thus fairly joined between the adherents
of the several systems, and the factions
grew bitter as time passed. Hamilton
bad but few supporters for bis consolida
ted nation, while the federal party, advo
cating the ideas enanciated by Patterson,
was also in the minority.
But the Federal party became more
zealous and earnest as they were pressed
to the wall. It was declared that the
smaller States would never yield their
right to have an equal representation in
Congress, and Bedford of Delaware,
avowed that the smaller States if turned
adrift by their sisters would look for
some foreign State to take them by tbe
band." Passionate remonstrance begat
asperity and mueb beat and temper were
displayed. But yet the larger States, un
der the lead of Virginia, stood firm in
their determination to obtain inequality
of representation in both Houses of Con
gress, and -Georgia, which although a
small State hoped because of her vast ter
ritory to become in time more considera
ble, at first sided with them, and gave
that party the majority. At length, how
ever, on the 2d of July, the question was
brought up anew and one of the Georgia
delegates changed bis vote or was absent,
so that Georgia Btood divided. A dead
lock was the consequence. Tbe vote stood
n a '.i r i - . . - -r
uve io uve wuu vreorgia qiviaea. Iew
-VT 1 1 Y.I f-i.. - .
xora lea me smaller aiaies ana was im
movable. Nothing could be done. The
convention was about to end in failure on
less the larger States would abate their
demand. Uo willing to break up without
result, the convention referred the mat
ters at issue to a gratd committee com
posed ot one fiomeach Siate.
Mr Davie represented North Carolina
on that committee. An agreement was
reached that in the first branch represen
tation should be according to population,
and that all bills for raising or appropria
ting money should originate in that
branch aod should not be altered or
amended iu tbe second branch; and sea
ondly, that in the other branch, each
State should have an equal vote. There
were thus concessions made on both
By the compromise, tbe small States
abated their claim to equal representation
in both houses, and 'the larger States
yielded their claim to representation in
proportion to population in the Senate in
consideration of ihe proviso that tbe Sen
ate huld have no power to alter or
amend a money bill. The result reached
in tbe committee was very distasteful to
tbe larger States.
Mr Madison was evidently much put
out. He said very petulantly: "I restrain
mvself from animadverting on tbe report
from the respect I bear to the members of
the committee. I must confess I see noth
ing but concession in it. The
smaller States I hope will at last see their
true and real interest, and I hope that tbe
warmth of tbe gentleman from Delaware
will never induce him to yield to bis own
suggestion from seeking foreign aid."
Go the question whether this compro
mise should be acoepted by the adoption
of tbe proviso as to money bills, North
Carolina voted with tbe small States af
firmatively, making five on that side;
Pennsylvania, Virginia and South Caro
lina remained obstinate, and Massachu
setts, New York and Georgia divided.
Yet, although only five States voted for
the measure, under the rules the question
was declared carried. It was tbe first
viotory lor tbe weaker communities. On
the next day, when the subject of equal
representation in the Senate came up,
North Carolina again voted with the
mall States again giving them the ma
jority. Virginia, Pennsylvania and South Car
olina continued firm in opposition while
Massachusetts and Georgia remained di
vided. Thus It was that North Carolina by throwing
her voice in favor of anequal representation in
the Senate broke the dead-lock and rendered it
possible for the Constitution to be framed. For
her action posterity has every reason to be thank
ful. It restored in a vital point the Federal sys
tem based on State equality. It preserved the
integrity of the States. It perpetuated the dogma
of State's Rights, and set the keystone in the
arch which has supported the liberties of this
country and will sustain them until the fabric of
our government crumbles beneath the accumula
tions of distant centuries. But it was a wide de
parture from the Virginia Plan, and utterly re
pugnant to ihe aims, expectations and purposes
of those who were for erecting a national system
without regard to State equality, indeed, Ed
mund Randolph refused to sign the instrument
agreed on, stating as chief among his objections
the provisions jt ma4e for an equality of suflrage
in the Senate.
This memorable vote of North Carolina turned
the tide which had been surging to violently to
wards a national system, and the great States,
again defeated in their purpose, no longer insist
ed with vigor on a Constitution without safe
guards for their weaker sisters.
But if tbe compromise was not agreeable to the
delegates from the great States it was still far
from satisfactory to some of those on the otber
It was at this juncture that the majority of the
New York delegates, not content with the result.
withdrew and returned to their homes, leaving
Alexander Hamilton alone in attend nee from
that State; but under the rules of the convention
a minority of a delegation could not cast its vote,
aod so after July 6tu, New York did not vote la
On the 26th of July, tbe general propositions
adopted were referred to a committee of five to
report a Constitution in conformity therewith
They reported the first draft on August 6th. In
it was a provision that "tbe importation of such
persons as tbe several States shall think proper to
admit shall not be prohibited" and a second
provision tuat n navigation act shall be paused
without the assent of two-thirds of the members
of each House," The latt of these clauses was
distasteful to Massachusetts, who wished it omit
ted, her policy befog to have Congress pass a na
vigation act protecting her ships from the com
petition of foreign bottoms, while the interest of
tbe Middle States was just the reverse. The first
clause was repugnant to all the SUtes north of
the Carolinas. Its object was the importation of
slaves, anl Georgia and South Carolina declared
tbey would not agree to any Constitution that
did not allow that right. When this clause was
reached, an amendment was proposed, inserting
the word '"free" before "persons," which at once
alarmed the South Carolina delegation. The
convention was adjourned and the next morning
ine two clauses were referred to a committee of
one from each State, and it is said that a log
rolling combination between Massachusetts and
South Carolina was arranged by which their
respective wishes were floallv consummated.
Slaves were allowed by ihe joint vote of the
New England and Southern States (except Vir
ginia) to be admitted until 1803, and by the aid
ot Houtn Carolina all restrictions on the power
of Congress to regulate commerce were removed.
Thus tbe chief sectional difficulties in tbe way of
union were compromised and avoided in the con
vention, and as the session came towards its
close a similar spirit of concession led to the re
moval of some of the national features and the
BUDsuumon ot ideas more consonant witn a
On September 8th. the constitution agreed on
was referred to a committee to revise its style.
ano wnen they reported, four days later, the
word ''national" was nowhere to be found in the
iLstrument, and strange to say the advocates of
its adoption assumed the name of Federalists
As adopted the constitution began, "We, the
people ot Massachusetts, Connecticut, etc, but
since it was to go into effect on the ratification of
any nine States, that style had to be abandoned
and the form We, the people of the United
States," was substituted bv the committee. On
Saturday, the 15th of September, the last vote
was taken, and the Constitution was acreed to
by all the States present. On Monday, the 17th,
u was Bignea ana iransmiuea 10 uongress, Dy
whom it was submitted to the several States for
The proposition to replace the Confederation
of States by a government so difierentlv con
stituted aroused great opposition in every State,
but the necessity of Union was so urgent that
eventually the advocates of the new government
were successful in every quarter. To indicate
how high party feeling ran we may mention that
n m : i . i i. i i . i . . i
uouimuu, wuo uiu eiguea me araugm reporieu
by the convention to Congress, was denounced
for that act throughout New York as a traitor to
his State. On September 13th. 1783, Congress
having been notified of iu ratification by nine
State3, declared the new constitution in force
between them, and ordered an election for Presi
dential electors to be held in Januarv. 1789. and
that tbe electors should in February choose a
President. Washington was chosen and ws
inaugurated on April 30th. North Carolina and
Rhode Island had not then adopted the Constitu
tion and consequently did not vote in that elec
$r ll. J. W. D," writes from the
White Sulphur to the New York Times as
"Out iu Colorado when they desire to
stay the morning song of the melodious
jackass they tie a rock to his tail."
Tr rr t tt rv it ;.i j t,- . i ww
u. u. m . win reau c ainer Hue s
Book of Travels in China he will find that
the Chinese thus treated that celebrated
travelers donkey forty years ago.
South Iniproyed Gins, Feeders & Condensers.
We have the Agency for this Gin. and can tv
that it j constructed upon approved principles,
built in first-class Shops by thorough mechanics.
It has been thoroughly tested and found simple
. : i : i. . j ... i . r
m uiusiiwuuu, iiui umuui, cleans seed H' all
and makes a fine sample. An improved attach
ment, prevents ine rou irora Dreaking and there
If UO CUOK1DK
We have also the Agency for the VAN WIN
KLE GINS, FEEDERS AND i ONDENSERS.
Improvements have also been added to this Gin,
flnH nartiAa nnw naincr fhA lV.N ur: t.ift
testily a to its merits here in this vicinity. Par
ties who think of buying Ginning Outfits should
nui-iaii m exauinc ine "on)UD" apa "Van Win
kle" Gin before making a trade.
We are also stocked with a full line of Imnle
menu of all kinds TENNESSEE W4GONS
reduced in price to raeet any figures on same
viass ot r agoni.
A stock of Buggies, Spring Wagons Harness
uu uauup wwuu wm oe sold to meet any
l.iuc iui uc gwuua iu ijuaiiiy.
Choice New Seeds in Season.
Call and examine our stock of Goods. We in
tend to meet any competition that is fair and
IW Bring us Wool to be mannf artnrt nrt
see samples of Goods made by Gwynn, Harper
J. G. SHANNON HO USE A CO.,
Implement and Seed House
July 15, 1887
TneOns Fan Power.
From the Elizabeth City Economist.
Tbe influence of one man in a com
munity is something phenomenal. Peter,
a poor hermit, with nothing but will-force
and enthusiasm, brought on tbe Crusades
which formed the most brilliant and
bloody period in European history. One
distinguished lawyer in a community will
train by bis example a generation of
younger men emulous of distinction at the
bar. A money-getter, a man of wealth in
a community will train a generation lothe
love of money and tbe ambition of accumu
lation. So with other classes of distinc
tion. A man who acquires distinction in
a community becomes an unconocious
educator of an unconscious generation oi
men who are touched by the contagion of
bis example aod 'thus acquire a momentum
of which tbey know not the original
motor. In the olden time at the Uni
versity the Newbern boys always bore off
the victory io competition with their boy
ish peers because Stanly aod Gaston had
fired their hearts with the love of honor
and distinction. Tbey were all familiar
with their competitive triumphs at the
bar and their wordy thrusts were at their
finger tip-. Cicero Hawks and John
Backhouse, and before them Charles
Speight were nide orators and disputants
by witnessing btanley and Gaston's glad
iatorial combats in the court room when
they were boys. The elder Judge Iredell
of the Supreme Court ol the United Stales,
created a homage for the judicial bench in
Edeutou which el lingers in that histoiio
towo. A bona nde Judge is a bigger mau
there than in any otber part of North
Carolina. And ihalfeeliot; of respect per
vades all classes f the community. We
remember an il nitration. Somewhere in
the loriies Judge P.erson rode the E len
ton circuit and Gorham wax landlord of
Hornablew's tavern, where tbe Bayview
now stands. Gorham had the phrenologi
cal organs ol fussines, approbativeuess
and self-esteem large. He bad beeti ex
pecting the Judge during the day on
Saturday from Gates court and had pre
pared himself for bis reception by putting
on his best clothes and steadying his
nerves with an extra touch of red eye.
Toward evening, a stranger, with an easy.
nonchalant air, poorly dressed, walked in,
soon approached the bar where Gorham
wis standing and called for a drink.' Gor
ham enquired if he would hive the best,
to which the stranger iioid.-d affirm itive
ly. Having finished his driuk, Gorham
slapped him lamilitrly on the bick saying :
"Old f. How ! thai' good enough for tbe
Judge am i it ? Just lb -u a lawyer ciine
in and approaching him addressed Judge
Piers n. If a chosen thunderbolt ba l
struck Gorham, he could not have been
more alarmed, dumbfouoded, mortified,
frightened. It i some minutes before
he oVuld speak, when he y tiled for his
servants "Big Fol, Black Sam, Little
Jack come com--, run, tbe Judge, come!"
Gorham could never rtover his tquili
brium. He retired early and next morn
ing did not make his appearance. Gorham
An extraordinary case is reported from
Berlin, which has been a subject of great
interest amoug medical men in that citj.
At a meeting of ibe medical society, Prof.
Mendel introduced a patient, a well to-do
mechanic, who regularly at 9 o'clock in
ibe morning loses the power of speech
and hearing, remaining a deaf mute until
6 o'clock the following morning. From 6
to 9 o'clock he hears and speaks as well
as anybody. This peculiar trouble showed
itself first ll year as a sequel to an epi
leptic attack. The patient, whose menial
powers have not suffered, exhibits another
curious anomaly. If a certain spot in the
joint of tbe right hafed is pressed, he is at
once seized with convulsions; if a certain
spot on the right, upper arm is pressed, the
convulsions iusiauily disappear. Prof.
Mendel made this experiment twice be
fore tbe assembled physicians. He was
unable to give the cause of these abnormal
conditions, but considered them related
to the hysterico-epileptio manifestations
sometimes seen in women. Their origin
is probably to be sought in a temporary
interruption of the nerve functions in
volved in the process oi hearing and
speaking. Prof. Mendel said that there
was but one analogous case on record, but
that he hoped lo bring about a cure.
Arrival and Departure of Trains at
RICHMOND & DANVILLE AND ATLANTA
& CHARLOTTE AIR LINE
No. 50 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
2:15 a. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 2:25 a m
51 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at 5.05 a
m. Leaves for Richmond at 5 15 a. m.
No. 52 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
12:35 p. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 1 :00 p. m
No. 53 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at
6:25 p. m. Leaves for Richmond at 6:45 p. m.
CHARLOTTE, COLUMBIA & AUGU8TA.
Arrives from Columbia at 6:10 p. m.
Leaves for Columbia at 1:00 p. m.
A. T. 4 O. Division.
Arrives from Statesville at 10:45 a. m.
Leaves for Statesvile at 6:35 p. m.
Leaves Wilmington at 7:25 a m; arrives at Char,
lotte at 4:20 p. m.
Leaves Charlotte at 8:45 p m; arrives at Wilming
ton at 8:00 a. m.
Shelby Division oj Carolina Central.
Leaves Charlotte for Rutherfordton at 4:33 p. m
Arrives at Kuthexfordton at 9.10 p. m.
Leave Rutherfordton at 7.15 a. m.
Arrive at Charlotte at 11.50 a. m.
RALEIGH & AUGUSTA AIR-LINE R. R.
Passenger Train Leaves Hamlet ?:45 a m, arrives
at Raleigh 9.00 a m.
Leaves Raleigh at 7:00 p m, arrives x Hamlet
1:00 a m.
WESTERN N. C. RAILROAD SCHEDULE,
Passeneer train leaves SaJishnrv 11 n i m
rives at Asheville at 5 48 P. M , and at Paint
ivjc& 31 o.qu p. m.
Leaves Paint Rock at -.0.55 a m &nl Achm
at 1 10 p. m, and arrives at Salisbury at 7.30
CAPE FEAR A YADKIN VALLEY ROAD
Leaves Greensboro 9:50 a. m.
LeavesFayettesville 8.30 p.m; arrive at Bennetts
ville, 8. C, 6:45, p. m.
Leaves Benoettsville, . C, 10:10 a. m : Leaves
Fayetteville 2K p. m arrive at Greens-
00 ro p. m.
A genuine imported article, for sale by
;1M.'' W. M. WILSON & CO ,
May 27, 1887. Charlotte.
TobuddIv a need Ion flt hv tt r n.i
Profession of this section, we have now and will
keep cunBianuy id siock. a lull line of SURGI
CAL INSTRUMENTS, vhioh
We are also prepared to Rive any and all dis
counts m ny 01 me new x or Instrument Cata-
' R. H. JORDAN & CO.,
Nov. IS. 1885. Druggists, Springs' Corner
Comparative Cotton Statement
Th frtllitwincr thAnmMiL.
o r-' nB cm.
sta'.ement for tbe week ending Sept. 24
Net receipts at all U. S. ports, 89,300
Total receipts to date, 15,509
Exports for the week, 83,259 ,J
Total exports to date, 16,423 V
Stock at all U. S. ports, 3,895 uj
Stock at all Interior towns, 8,608
Stock in Liverpool, 532,000 $
Stock of American afloat for
Great Britain, 40,000 $
Total Receipts at all American p
since Sept.' 1st, 1887.
The frktlnarin.r mra lha f ntnl not ... .
of cotton at all United States
since September 1st, 1867:
1-1 . ,r
4,186 bales, New Orleans 1,864,
1,265, Savannah 4,252, Wilmington 3iJ
Charleston 2,385, Norfolk 16, BraQlv;J
000, iron itoyai 100, .rensacoia sol
Total Visible Supply of Cotton.
Nkw Yobk, Sept. 3. The total vigiV'
supply of cotton for the world is 211 !
667 bales, of whioh 615,469 are Amt
can, against 1,097,297 and 703.897 .
spectively last yesr; receipts fromtlljj
terior towns, 25,637; receipts from plu
Opens its 15th Session on the 1st of Sqjif
or circulars call upon R. E. Cochrane Esq 1
W. A. BARRIER
Aiig 5, 1887. P-P"'P
BURWELL & DUNN
At Lowest Market Prices.
Lewis? Pare White Lead.
Boiled and Raw Linseed Oil.
Tbe Best Ready-Mixed Faint, all Colors iv
HU BIZ.C UIU9.
.11 : .
You can paint your buggv for one dollar.
the best ftyle. with Carriage Black (and otbe
colors ) Tbe best is sold by
BUKWELL & DUNH.
Of Patent Medicines, we have all kinda-4-
ihe bottle, dozen and gross at prices always u
BURWELL & DUNS.
Dr. Kimt'a Blood and Liver Pills, Dr. Km
Cough Syrup. Dr. Kings Sarsaparilla uj
Queen's Deliifht. Dr King's Vermituge. Soli
If vou will give your horses, cows, hogsuf
poultry the Celebrated Kentucky Condition Pol
ders, you will have no trouble. 25 cents pcf
package. For sale by
" nwn nV W A WT-VTM
nun vv CjLiU os uvaa
Wholesale and Retail Druggisti
June 10. 1887. Opposite Central Hottf
NEW FALL GOODS
Regulator, of Low Prices.
Rest Inducements that can Possibly i
offered by any House in the State.
I am selling Alamance at 6 cents per yard;
4-4 heavy Shirting at 6 cents per yard;
4-4 good Bleached at 6 cents per yard: - .
My Jeans at 25 cer ts per yard, baa no espta
the South; j
Complete line of Fall Prints at i mi
per yard; I
Complete line of Dress Goods at prices iiv
H. BARUCH, I
PomilatA rf T.ur Pfitt?
Aug. 26, 1887.
itvuiawi vs. juvrvv A live
Lincolnton, Lincoln Co., N. f,
A School for both sexes. Wide awake and?!
with tbe times. Thorough, practical and r!h
ble. Prepares for College or for Business. Til
succtss of our pupils our best advertittrnKf
Location healthy. Of easy access by Railroi
Next session begins the last Wednesday if
August, 1887. - I
We want you to see a t ircular. Please b
for oue to . . J
D. MATT. THOMPSON, I
Has inducements to effer. which can notl
equalled by the best Dry Goods Houses io
Added greatly to his already large stock, and4
his recent trip to New York Vought up 8c
plus Stocks of Importers and Manufacture!
which enables him to sell many most seasoi
Ridiculously Low Prices.
RinfW T Kav. liilrtjn a? lha TCntail TT
formerly under the name of Wittkowkr I
Baruch, and withdrawn from the Wholes?
huainpna. T devote m v entire tim anil attcntitf
to the Retail only, and being a Cash Buyer j
thorough experience. I can. and will. 1
nffpr inrlnfpmpnta I
Which will he Appreciated
By all who look at my Goods and get my jc
See My Daily Displays!
SEE MY DAILY BARGAINS!
See whether I don't lead in Low Prices.
See my Stock and you will
See the largest in tbe State.
See my prices throughout my Store, and Jf
lathe Regulator of Low Prices.
T I solicit Mail Orders and give tlC
JuneS. 1887. Charlotte, )
Pomona Hill Nurseries,
POMONA, n. 0..
Two and a half miles tyest of Qreeniboro, Jf
The main line of the R. & D. Railroad
through the grounds and within 100 feetot
offlpe. Baltm trains make regular stops .tP
daily each way. Those interested in. Kroit vl
Fruit growing are cordially invited tfl in'ri
tfcU the largest nursery in the Slate and
among the largest in the South. , .i
The proprietor has for many years T8ltfV
leafing Nurseries North and West, and
responded with those of foreign countries, g
ering every frut that was calculated tp Blt,s
South, both native and foreign. Tnerepntt
of Pomona Hill Nurseries is such tbt 9
agents going out from Greensboro, represes ;
other nurseries, try to leave the impression
they are representing these nurseries. nj
tbey do it? Let the public answer. ..J,
1 have in stock growing (and can show
the same) the largest and. best stock of tree. 1
ever shown or seen in any two nur8lrpff
North Carolina, consisting qf Apple, Peapn.rJ
Cherry, Plum, Grape, Japanese Pei1"
Japanese Plum, Apricots. Nectarine.
Apricot. Mulberry, Quinces. 8maU irjL
Strawberry. Raspberry, Currants, PeCnl
lish Walnuts, Rhubarb, Asparagus, EverF"
Shade Trees, Roses, &c.
Give your order to my authorized t&jj
solicited Descriptive Catalogues free to w
canta. Address, j. VAN. LlNDlJ'J
Pomona, Guilford coudii
April 29. 1837. tf