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This Papee is 35 Years Old
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CHARLOTTE,: N; j0.v FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1887;
VOLUME XXXTI. NUMBER 1834
J . ' 1. 1 J j it Mi k . - i t t ,i ii Hi i
Ppblishbd evibt Friday by .
YATES & STRONG.
Tbbjib One Dollar and Fifty Cents for 1 year.
One Dollar for 6 months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte.N
C, as second class matter' according to the
rales of the P. O. Department.
II. C. ECCLE3. GEO. W. BAY AN.
C1I AIMLOTTK, H C.
The largest and most centrally located Hotel in
Newly painted and refurnished. Electric
Bells and Electric Lights. The Central and
ECCLES & BRYAN,
Aug. 5, 1887. Proprietors.
J. P. McCOMBS, M. D.t
Oilers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
1 Dr. Annie L. Alexander,
J CHARLOTTE, N. C.
I Practice limited to diseases of WOMEN and
I CHILDREN, and attention to Female patients.
Office, at Mrs Latham's, 214 South Tryon
street, nearly opposite the Post Office.
Charlotte, May 27, 1887. If
K. BORWKLL. P. D. WALKBR.
BUR WELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts
(W Office in Law Building.
HUGH W. HARRIS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Office, First door weBt of Court House.
Oct. 17, 1885.
P. I. OSBORNB. W. C. MAXWELL.
OSBORNE & MAXWELL,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
1ST Offices 1 and 3 Law Building.
July 3, 1886. y
ittAMIIiTON C. JONES. CHARLES W. TTXLETT.
JONES & TILLETT.
Attorneys at Law.
Charlotte, N. C.
Practice in the Courts of this District and in
Richmond county. Also, in the Federal Courts
of the Western District.
Aug. 12, 1887.
ilERIOT CLABKSON. CHAS H. DUL8
CLARESON & DULS,
Attorneys at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Prompt attention riven to all business in
trusted. Will practice in all Courts of the
tJOffice No. 12 Law Building.
Oct. 7, 1887.
k. W. FLEMtf INQ. E. T. CANSLER. T.N. WINSLOW
Flemming, Cansler & Winslow,
ATTO UNE YS- AT-L A W,
Charlotte, N. C,
A ir r 1 1 . i . . i -n i i n .
in ui practice ia ine cuaie ana r eaerai courts
pf North Carolina. Special attention given to
mil business entrusted to them in Mecklenburg,
Cabarrus, Union, Lincoln and Oaston counties.
I Sept. 23, 1887.
G. P. BASON,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal
pourts. Office No. 16, Law Building.
Jan. 14, 1887. y
DR. M. A. BLAND.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb. 15. 1884.
J. W. BYERS,
Physician and Surgeon,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will attend all calls, either night or day, in the
ty Office on Tryon St , next to Bnford House.
VUcaidence 309, West 5th St, near First Presby
Wet. 14, 1887 y
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE. N. C
Practice Limited to
IK, EAR AND
f Jan. 1,1884.
HOFFMAN & ALEXANDER,
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
1 Office over A. R "NTiahot n i.. m
,, . uiu a mure, iiuve
purs from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M.
I Jan. 1,1880.
I JOHN FARRIOR,
' f- 3' Tmon$treet, near Written' t Drug Store)
I Charlotte, N. C.
I Practical Watcb-Maker and Jeweler,
fKeeps a full stock of handsome Jewelrv
Spectacles, Ac, which he will sell at a
I Dealer in Diamonds, Watches, Clocks. Jewelrv
liver and Silver. PM.,i w... "VM "tweiry,
'w;u if arc, we.
nepairmg of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks &c
me promptly, and satisfaction Ik a ft ii rost
ty Special attention ffiven in fins nr.t.1.
Aug. 19, 1887.
jomplete Stock and Lowest Prices
ouoes. Trunks and Valises.
PEGRAM & CO ,
June 24, 1887. u South
- J .
& A new marriage law went into el
feo( in Michigan last week, which is al
ready causiLg trouble. It provides that
licenses mast be issued in the county where
one of the parties resides. This prevents
elopers irotn getting married in the State.
Even foreigners are affected ; for a Cana
dian couple who came to Detroit to be
wedded were refused a license. In rain
the groom protested that the law applied
only to residents in the State. The clerk
was obdurate, and the couple had to re
cross the line.
OF CITY LOTS.
By virtue of a Decree of the Superior Court for
Mecklenburg county, made at Fall Term, 1887, 1
will sell to the highest bidder, at the Court
Boom door in the city of -Charlotte, N. C, on
Monday, the 7th day of November, 1887, those
certain HOUSES AND LOTS OF LVND
situate on the N. E. corner of B and Fifth streets
in said city, known lately as the property of W.
F. Cuthbertsoo, deceased, and designated as
1st. The Dwelling and Lot fronting 63 feet on
B street and running back with 5th street about
142 feet. .
2d. The Dwelling and Lot, adjoining the
above, fronting about 68 feet on 5th street and
running back parallel with B street 09 feet.
Terms of Sale CASH. The Lots will be of
fered separately and afterwards as a whole, in
order to make sale on the highest aggregate bid ;
and the sale so made will be Bubject to confirma
tion by said Court at February Term, 1888.
HUGH W. HARRIS,
Oct 14, 1887. 4w Commissioner.
LAND FOR SALE
In Steel Creek Township.
I wish to sell my interest in the Tract of
LAND on which I now live. Said Tract is
situated in Steel Creek Township and contains
j. w. Mcdowell.
I also desire to sell my Dower interest in the
above Tract. I possess said interest as the
widow of the late John H. McDowell.
Mrs. A. R. WILLIAMS.
Oct. 14, 1887. 2m-pd
SALE OF LAND.
By virtue of authority granted to me by M. L.
Harkey and wife, by a Mortgage dated March
22, 1870, and duly registered in the office of the
Register of Deeds in Book 21, page 269, I will
sell at the Court House in Charlotte, on Monday,
October 31st, 1887, at 12 M., for cash, the Tract
of LAND described in said Mortgage, to-wit :
A Tract of about 200 ACRES, joining the lands
of Sol. Harkey and others,- and being the tract on
which M. L. Harkey lived at the date of said
Mortgage, and where he now resides.
D. 8. TODD,
Sept. 80, 1887. tw Mortgagee.
I will sell my Plantation, two mile3 from
Beattie's Ford, with fine Residence. Healthy
place and the Land always produces good crops
of every kind when worked. The Tract con
tains about 200 Acres, with good Barn, Stables
and Tenant Houses. If desired, I will divide the
Tract or add to it to suit purchasers. Terms
easy. For particulars call on me, or Mr J. L.
Jetton, who will take pleasure in showing the
W. B. WITHERS,
Davidson College, N. C.
Sept-30, 1887. tf
Mortgagee's Sale of Land.
By virtue of a Mortgage made to 8.- W. Bcatty,
Bro. & Co., by W. T. Dority and wife, and regis
tered in Book 49, page 152, in the office of Regis
ter of Deeds for Mecklenburg county, and trans
ferred to the undersigned July 12th, 1886, I will
sell for cash, at the Court House door in Char
lotte, on October 25th, 1887, the Property de
scribed in the said Mortgage.
L. R WRISTON.
Sept. 23, 1887. 5w
Having qualified as Executors of the last Will
and Testament of the late J. Star Neely, all
Eersons having claims against the said Estate are
ereby notified to present the same to us for
payment on or before the 10th day of October,
1888, or this notice will be plead in bar of a re
covery ; all persons indebted to said Estate are
notified that payment will be required.
THOS. W. NEELY,
JANE M. NEELY,
Oct. 7, 1887. 6wpd Executors.
TO THE TAX-PAYERS OF
I will attend at the places named below on the
respective dates, for the purpose of collecting the
State and County Taxes for the year 1887:
Berrvhill, Collins' Sfore, Monday, Oct.
Steel Creek,Kendr'k'8 Store Tuesday, "
Sharon, Wednesday, "
Clear Creek, rriday,
Crab Orchard, Monday,
Mallard Creek, Tuesday,
Davidson College, Thursday,
Long Creek, Monday,
Paw Creek, Tuesday,
Morning Star, Matthews, Wednesday,
All Taxes must be paid promptly.
T. 8. COOPER.
Sept. 16, 1887. 6w Sheriff.
By virtue of an Execution in my hands in fa
vor of W. J. Moore vs. J. M. Grier, I will sell at
the Court House door in the city cf Charlotte, N.
C, on Monday, the 7th day of November, 1887,
at 12 M., all the said J. M. Grier's reversionary
interest or right, title and interest, in a certain
piece of Land in Mecklenburg county, adjoining
the Lands of M. A. Sample, E. C. Kurkendall and
others, containing 101 acres the same being
land allotted to Lydia Grier as her dower.
T. S. COOPER, Sheriff.
Sept. 9, 1887. 9wpd
TO THE FALL TRADE.
Our Stock of PROVISIONS and GROCE
RIES is now complete.
To cash buyers we offer great inducements.
Don't fail to give us a call, as all we ask is a
trial. Have just received,
AOn ROLLS Cotton Bagging,
UV'-' 500 Bundles TIES.
500 Barrels Flour,
150 Bags Coffee,
50 Barrels Sugar,
50 Barrels Molasses,
50 Boxes Bacon,
200 Boxes Tobacco,
100 Boxes Soap,
100 Packages Soda,
200 Bags Salt
SPRINGS & BUR WELL,
Sept. 2, 1887. Charlotte, N. C.
Paid in Cash or Trade, at
ROSS & ADAMS'
Book and Stationery Store, No. 17 S. Tryon St
How Sea-lions ara Captured.
"The best sea-lion contract I ever made
was with P T Barnum in 1871," said CapW
Cyrus Eastman to a San Francisco Exam
iner reporter. 'His agent entered into a
contract with me to deliver a pair alive to
him in New York City, and paid me
$1,000 upon my signing the papers, and
the final output was something like $10,
000. I took two men and went ; to Santa
Barbara, where I chartered a schooner and
took on board six of the best lassoers (va
queros) that I could get. San Mingul Ii
lauds at that time were alive with sea-lions.
These was no trouU.5 in lassoing a sea
lion, but the difficulty ' was to make - the
lasso hold, as the sea-lion's neck is larger
than his head. It was all right as long as
he was headed from you, bat as soon as
he turned the riata would slip off, and yoV
lost him. - My only capture on the first
trip was three small ones, but as they did
not come up to the required weight for
Barnum, I sold them to John Robinson,
at Omaha, where they were an immense
attraction. On my second trip I added
to my force and took a hunting crew of
eighj, men, and profiting by my former ex
perience I had my riatas fixed with fish
hooks, and also well plastered with resin :
but I could not hold the beasts, and so I
shot one, and throwing the lasso over a
flipper I found that it would hold. All
thai a seal has to do is to give his flipper,
and I have got him. My men were all
Indians. I took one of them and showed
him the trick, and the next morning we
went into the sea-lions' rookery and
caught four. I went to San Francisco im
mediately, and placed my captives in a
salt-water tank, and kept them there until
the departure of the next steamer for Pan
ama. I got them safely over the isthmus,
and landed them alive and well in New
York, and got my pay.
How to Avoid Premature Oj-f) Aqb.
The following advice is given by Dr.
Benjamin Ward Richardson :
To subsist on light but nutritious diet,
with milk and the standard food, but va
ried according to the season.
To take food in moderate quantity four
in the day, including a light meal before
going to bed.
To clothe warmly but lightly; so that
the body may, in all seasons, maintain its
To keep the body in fair exercise and
the mind active and cheerful.
To maintain an interest in what is go
ing on in the world, and to take iu reason
able labors and pleasures, as though old
age was not present.
To take plenty of sleep during sleeping j
hours. To spend nine hours in bed at
least, and to take care during cold weath
er that the temperature of the bed room
is maintained at 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
To avoid passion, excitement and luxu-
By virtue of a Decree of the Superior Court in
the case of T. J. Dulin and others, against James
Furr and others, I will sell at the Court House
door in the city of Charlotte, N. C, on Monday,
the 7th day of November, 1887, at 12 o'clock, M.,
to the highest bidder, that certain piece of
LAND conveyed by A. M. Hall to Wm. Bal
lard, by Deed dated January 4th, 1876, and regis
tered in Book 13, page 278, containing ninety-one
and one-half Acres, less thirty-one Acres allotted
to Mrs 8. R. Ballard as her dower-being sixty
and one half Acres. Said Land is sold for parti
tion. Terms Cash.
Oct. 7, 1887. 5w Commissioner.
I will sell by public auction, at the Court
House door in the city of Charlotte, N. C, on
Saturday, October 22d, 1887, the Tract or Parcel
of LAND in the town of Pineville (formerly
owned by H. H. Hood) on Culp street, adjoining
the Odd Fellows' property, being Lot No. 2 in
plat of Kirkpatrick's Lands.
Also, at same .time and place, one STORE
HOUSE and LOT known as Ross Miller pur
chase, adjoining laDds of Odd Fellows' property,
Main and Culp streets. For a more particular
description, see Book 36, page 107, office of
Register of Deeds for Mecklenburg county.
JOHN MOORE KIRK PATRICK,
Jokes & Tillbtt, Attorneys. Agt.
Oct. 7, 1887. 8w
FARM FOR SALE.
I offer for sale, privately, a valuable Tract of
LAND in Mallard Creek township, Mecklen
burg county. . It lies about 12 miles from Char
lotte, and within two miles of the N. C. Rail
road and 3 or 4 from the A.", Tenn. & 0. Road.
There are 129 Acres ia the Tract, one-third or
one-half wooded, with good Dwelling, Barn,
and all necessary out-houses. There are two
Springs and two Wells on the premises, besides
a Creek running through it. Good churches and
schools in the neighborhood. Also, a good pas
ture and 10-acre orchard. , f
For particulars' address me.
. A. A. GARRISON,
Oct. 7, 1887. 4wpd Montieth's P. O.
By virtue of a Mortgage executed to me by E.
H. Hinson and wife Tyrza, for purposes therein
mentioned, and registered in Book 36, page 263,
Mecklenburg county, I will sell at the Court
House door in Charlotte, N. C at 12 o'clock. M.,
on Thursday, Oct. 27, 1887, seventy-two Acres of
valuable LAND, adioininz the lands of T. S.
Ellington, C. Dowd and others, on the waters of
Clear Creek and In Clear ureeK townsnip.
Terms Cash. , , ,
J. C. BARNHARDT,
Sept. 26, 1887. 4w Trustee.
BURWELL & DUNN
At Lowest Market Prices.
Lewis' Pure White Lead.
Boiled and Raw Linseed. Oil. -
The Best Ready-Mixed Paint, all Colors and
all size cans.
You can paint vour bueev for one dollar, in
the best style, with Carriage Black (and other
colors ) The best is sold by
: ? ; ; , J BURWELL ft DUNN.
Of Patent Medicines, we have all kinds by
the bottle, dozen and eross at prices always the
BURWELL & DUNN.
Dr. King's Blood and Liver Pills, Dr. King's
Consh Svrnrj. Dr. Kinsr's Sarsapanlla and
Queen's Delkrht Dr. Kind's Vermituee. Sold
only by ...,!.-
BURWELL & DUNN.
If yon will give your horses, cows, hogs and
ooultrv the Celebrated Kentucky Condition Pow
ders, you will have no trouble. 25 cents per
package. For sale by
BURWELL & DUNN
Wholesale and Retail Druf gists,
June 10, 1887. Opposite Central Hotel.
P - The Minister's Bow. , j-
j vNot long ago in a. New England town,
new minister had been called and settled.
In that town, was a Godforsaken old repro
bate, whom nobody respected or "spoke to
who could avoid it. , He bad never been
known to go inside a church. He only
worked when driven ;by. necessity, to do
so, and loafed about- the town a common
nuisance.. , . A few days after the. new
minister came to the town he met the old
sinner on the village street, and, . bowing
spoke pleasant "good morning" and passed
on. The old man turned and looked after
him, and made inquiry of some one as to
who he might be. 1 be same thing hap
pened a day or two afterward; and again
during the space of a week or two. Some
one told the minister ;that he had made a
friend of -old i -sfffd laughingly told
him that he was wasting his politeness on
the old reprobate.
"Never miud, said the new minister.
"It does not cost much to be polite, and
no more to an old reprobate : than to the
'squire oi the town," . It was not long till
old was notioed oreeping into the
corner of the church farthest from the
pulpit and - nearest to the door. He had
come in'Iate and was tbe first to leave the
church. He came again and again, and
was finally brought to Christ, and during
the rest ol his life lived a consistent aud
earnest Christian life. He said the min
ister's bow is what did it. We do not
know whether this little incident has any
lesson in it for any of our readers, but we
give it as it was told to us.
Woman's Influence Upon Man.
It is better for you to pass an evening
once or twice a week in a lady's drawing
room, even though tbe conversation is slow,
and you know the girl's song by heart,
than in a club, a tavern, or tbe pit of a
theatre. All amusements of youth to
which virtuous women are not admitted,
rely on it, are deleterious in their nature.
All men who avoid female society have
dull perceptions and are stupid, or have
gross tastes and revolt against what is
pure. Your olub swaggerers.who are suck
ing the buts of billiard cues all night, call
female society lusipid. Poetry is unin
spiring to a jookey; beauty has no charms
for a blind man ; music does not please a
poor beast who does not know one tune
from another; but as a pure epicure is
hardly ever tired ot water, sancey and
brown bread and butter, I protest I can
sit for a whole night talking with a well
regulated, kindly woman about her grrl
Fanny, or her boy Frank and like the eve
ning's entertainment. One of the great
benefits a man may derive from a woman's
society, is that he is bound to be respect-
lul to her. The habit is of great good to
your moral men, depend upon it. Our
education makes us tbe most eminently
selfish men in the world. We fight for
ourselves, we push for ourselves, we yawn
for ourselves, we light our pipe and say
we won t go out, we prefer ourselves and
our ease; and tbe greatest good that
oomes to man from woman's society is that
he has to think of somebody to whom he
is bound to be constantly attentive and
A Kind Voice.
There is no power oi love so hard to
get and keep as a kind voice. A kind
hand is deaf and dumb. It may be rough
in flesh and blood, yet do the work of a
solt heart and do it with a soft touch.
But there is no one thing that love so
much needs as a sweet voice to tell what
it means and feels; and it is hard to get
and keep it in tbe right tone. One .must
start in youth, and be on the watch night
and day, at work and play, to get and
keep a voice that shall speak at all times
tbe thoughts of a kind heart. It is often
in youth that one gets a voice or a tone
that is sharp, and sticks to him through
life, and stirs up ill will and grief, and
falls like a drop of gall on the sweet joys
of home. ' Watch it day by day as a pearl
of great price, for it will be worth more
to you id days to come than the beet pearl
hid in the sea. A kind voice is to tbe
heart what light is to the eye. It is a
light that sings as well as shines. Llihu
Saw a Hobw Snake. More than sixty
years ago, in Bibb County, Ala., when a
small boy, returning from school ono eve
ning in advanoe of niv next oldest broth
er, passing through a small limestone
glade, I was impressed that under a lone
red-haw bush near the center of tbe glade
there was a large rattlesnake. I was so
strongly impressed with this eidea that I
turned aaide to see this wonderful rattle
snake, but instead found a small snake,
say tbe size of a man's little finger. Its
color was that of the stem of the bush
that is, of a dull, motley, ashy color. We
killed it and carried it home, and were
told that it was a horn-snake ; there was
a born on tbe end of its tail like a young
rooster's sour. Since then I have seen no
more horn-snakes, and have almost con
eluded that they are as mythical as the
Phoenix bird, yet I know that I saw this,
Wm L. Lewis, Valley Springs, Texas.
Special Joint Meeting of Com
missioners and Justices of the
Peace of Mecklenburg County.
At a meetinor of the Commissioners held on the
4th of October. 1887. it was ordered that the
Chairman of the Board notify the Justices of the
Peace of the county (by advertisement in two
ncwamitfra nnhliahed in the citv of Charlotte) to
meet tbe Board of Commissioners of the county
Charlotte, on the first Monday in November,
1887, for the purpose of considering the pro-
nrits nf hniMinir new Ktvb for the safe
keeping and com ion oi me laumy. convicts,
and if necessary, to authorize an appropriation
from the County Fund for said purpose, and to
transact such other business as may come before
Every Justice of the Peace of the county is
specially requested to be present
By order of the Board. T. L. VADL,
Oct 7, 1887,. 4" Chairman
Having duly qualified as Executor of the last
Will and Testament of Mrs M. E. Brothers, de
ceased, this is to notify all persons holding claims
against her Estate to present them to me for pay
ment on or before the 1st day of October. 1888.
All persons indebted to said Estate are requested
to make immediate payment
JOS. Q. 8HANN0NH0U8E,
Sept 23, 1887. 6w Executor.
' ' , Small' Beginnings.
Man is mad in the imge of God. and
bia miud i peculiarly interested and im
pressed by this feature of the Divine
handiwork. And wheo,on a far humbler
scale, it characterises, his own works, he is
greatly moved..- Witness toe delight of
the school-boy when a handful ot snow,
rolled patiently, along the garden, be
comes a huge lump taller; than himself.
Witness the satisfaction ot some laborious
writer, who for years upon years has been
toiling at a dictionary, or a history of tfie J
world, or a philosophy ot tbe universe, or
some such task, and at last sees the slen
der first day's page multiplied into work
of a dozen enormous volumes. A suc
cessful man of the people who founded an
institute in a provincial town in Scotland,
placed ia it aiittlo green box, mora inter
esting to him than to Vhe public, because
i I . J i f r . ... i .,
woeu iie sianeu in me it oontainea me
whole of his earthly possessions. In the
hall of a splendid mansion on the edge of
Loch Lomond, I have seen the picture of
a little sailing vessel, whioh carried the
owner and all his goods when he set out
tor the East to begin what proved to be a
vast and lucrative business. - And how
often at firesides, or dinner-tables, in the
course of friendly saunters by tbe way, do
men who have acquired a position delight
to rehearse the story of their progress;
and bow interested are , most of us in
hearing or in reading how the golf was
spanned between the lawyer's first brief
and the woolsack, or the doctor's first fee
and his baronetcy, or, in the case of the
American President, between the log
cabin and the While House. The Quiver.
. m 4M
A Wise Man.
A Boston capitalist, who is a leading
merchant as well as a large owner of real
estate, is noted for the interest he takes
in young men in clerioal positions. Once
frightened bank cashier waited upon
him to say that, by the mistake of one of
the olerks, a check of the merchant's had
got into the pigeon hole marked "pro
As Mr Millions might have heard a ru
mor that bis check had been protested,
tbe cashier hastened to explain and said
that he would discharge promptly the
youog man who made tbe mistake.
"And why discharge him, sir?" mildly
asked Mr Millions.
"Because he put your check in the 'pro
"It is a good many years," said Mr
Millions as he tilted back in his office
chair, and, after his fashion, harpooned
his blotting-pad with his pen, "since I was
a young man, but my memory is that I
sometimes made mistakes. If I hai been
discharged for every mistake I made, I
should not have made my fortune. The
young man whose mistake ia pointed out
to him and forgiven is the most careful
man in the office ever afterward. I think
my business relations with your bank are
likely to be prolonged if tbe young man
is not discharged."
And the young man was not dis
charged. Most on Transcript.
Where to Dig the Well.
Let us remember that a well will drain
an area with a diameter equal to twice its
depth. Therefore a well 12 feet deep will
drain an area the diameter of which is 24
feet, that is to say, that it will drain tbe
surrounding soil for twelve feet in every
direction. Obviously then the privy
should be more than the depth of tbe well
away from it, and more than this again if
it is proposed to plaoe it on higher level,
which, however, should never be done.
Tbe well should be lined inside thorough
ly with mortar so that percolation cannot
occur between the crevices of the bricks,
and it should be well covered, so that sur
face drainage cannot get into it, for you
want to drink water that has come into the
well from the bottom, after it has been
purified by filtration through . the earth.
Thus, then, these are tbe precautious to
be observed in locating aud building your
well in the country. How about the oitv?
Well-water in tbe oity should never be
used ; the sources of contamination are too
numerous and too hidden to be avoided.
Annals of Hygiene.
"Suppose," said an examiner to a
student in engineering, "you bad built an
engine yourself, performed every part of
the work without assistance, and knew
that it was in complete order, when put
on the road the pump would not draw wa
ter, what would you dor "I should look
into the tank and ascertain if there was
any water to draw," replied' the student-
52f Anpleton. Wis., refused the free
mail delivery service to which her pppu
lation entitled her. The reason given for
this refusal is that in places of 10,000 or
15,000 population it is a positive detri
ment to trade and enterprise to remove
the necessity of going to the post-office
two or three times a day.
"What makes Sir. rettleton so
unpopular, I wonder? He's a good look
ing youog man and quite intelligent."
"Yes, but he writes poetry." Well, that
isn't a crime against society, is it ?" "No,
but he insists on reading it to you, too.1
gfl? The counter-irritant is the woman
who sails into a d ry-goods store without
thinking of buying and wants to see all
the new goods, iust about the time her
favorite olerk wants to go to bis lunch. ,
IW Mr Chas. W. Felt believes that
railroads are only in their infancy. He
probably arrives at this conclusion by
contemplation of the fact that tbe switch
is used upon them to so great an extent,
It is said of a great man, iust
dead, that "be began life a barefooted
boy." We will venture to say that he be
gan it bareheaded, too.
Life is a battle. From its earliest
dawn to its latest breath, we are strog
gling with something.
EiT Envy is a passion so full ot cow
ardice and shame, that none have tbe con
fidence to own it. .
LiT" Eating onions and horseradish is
claimed to relieve dropsical swellings.
Eeat as a Purifier. :
Fire is a thorough purifier. Two hun
dred and twelve degrees tf heat, accord
ing to Fahrenheit, is the lowest degree to
which it is safe to expose infected meat
and as all kinds of meat are always sub
ject to more or' less disease, or worms,
invisible, it may be, to a common micro
scope, it is not safe to eat any kind, un
less cooked by applying 212 degrees
fahrenheit. Heat is a complete remedy
for many things. . Heat is a great purifier
as well as sweetener of food . and drink.
Germs of disease are lurking in many
things. Water from sluggish streams,
pools or sloughs should never be used
until boiled. It is nearly, always full of
disease or, injurious auimalcuisa. Bv
boiling, 'settlers in new countries,, where
pure, living water cannot at first be had,
might be exempt from many protracted
or even fatal diseases. When potatoes,
apples and other vegetables are rotting,
the sound parts should not be eaten raw.
as tbe fungus or disease with whioh they
are decaying is frequently poison to the
human system. And it is probable that
many of the malarial diseases, such as
fever and ague, neuralgia, etc., could be
avoided by striotly cooked food and water
purified by heat. The microscope is re
vealing wonders in tbe science of medi
cine, in anatomy, in physiology and in
nearly all the natural scienoes. The
atomio theory is having an increasing
throng of adherents.
How the Cucumber cot into the Bottle.
When Rodney was at his uncle's he
saw something very queer. It was a cu
cumber in a bottle. It was standing on
the table in the porch when Rodney first
saw it. He sat down and looked at it very
bard. Then be thought for at least ten
minutes. Rodney could not tell .how the
cucumber got into the bottle. It was a
arge bottle, but it had a very small
mouth. The cucumber was very large.
t tbe mouth of the bottle bad been four
times as big as it was, it qould not have
been put through it. There was not even
crack in the bottle, so it had not been
broken and put together after the cucum
ber was in. While Rodney was trying to
think how tbe cucumber could have got
into the bottle, bis uncle came up the
steps. He laughed when he saw what
Rodney was Iookiug at.
"Can you make it out? be asked.
"No," said Rodney, " please tell me."
"Suppose l snow you. X will take an
other bottle, and we will put a cuoumber
in it You can have it to take home with
you," said his uncle.
nodney thought tnat would be very
nioe. llis uncle brought a bottle just like
tbe one tbe cucumber was in. lhere was
basketful oi cucumbers on tbe porch.
Rodney expected bis uncle would take
one of these and put in the bottle. He
did not know bow his unole would man
age to get it in. mat was what ne was
anxious to see. Instead of taking a cu
oumber out of the basket, his uncle led
the way to the garden, lie looked over
the vines, and found a tiny cucumber near
the end of the vine. He cut off the end
of the viae beyond the cucumber, and then
pushed it through the neck of the bottle
Then he laid the bottle on the ground.
but did not cut the cucumber off from the
"Is that all ?" said Rodney. "Why, it's
not a bit like the other."
"Wait a few days, and then see how it
will be," said his uncle.
"O, I know," cried Rodney. "It grows
inside the bottle.
"That's iust it," replied his uncle. .
Every day Rodney went but to see how
bis cucumber was getting on in its glass
house. It seemed to like its new quarters
very mucb. Joy tbe time Kodney was
ready to go home it was larger than tbe
first one. How much fun he had with
tnat cucumber i lie snowed it to every
body. Very few could tell bow be got it
into the bottle; then, when they could not
guess, Rodney would tell them. Alice D.
'Fairmant in Our Little Ones.
Advice to Young Doctors.
Physicians must allow for a measure of
foolishness in their patients, and govern
themselves accordingly ; but tbe following
bit of a professional homily does seem
'In your instructions to your patients,
be particular in giving minute directions
concerning diet. This has great effect on
the minds of old women, especially, if their
maladies are in a great measure imagina
ry. iiive a list ot what is to oe eaten at
breakfast, dinner and supper, and you may
depend upon being made the subject o
aversation, and will be considered very
"I brought myself into notice, and gain
ed seversl prominent families, by recom
mending to a wealthy old lady tbe left leg
ol a boiled fowl. Unce when i was away
on a short vacation, this old lady took
sick, and was obliged to send for a neigh
boring physician, wbo by tbe way, was
really a well-read man.
On bis attempting to persuade her tbat
the left leg possessed no particular virtue,
she became quite indignant and uncom
A Bub Stokt. A gentleman well
known in this city, and now resident here,
who previously lived near Wilmington, N.
C, tells the following story, and vouches
for its accuracy. A few years ago he and
others were hunting in a large body of
woods near Bearfield, N. C, and gave
chase with the dogs to a huge bear, which
was hampered with a trap 240 pounds and
a ohain weighing 186 pounds, one of the
animal's legs having been csugbt in the
trap. Notwithstanding this incumbrance,
the bear dragged tbe trap three miles
through a lake, making its escspe, al
though it had been worried with dogs,
and shot at twenty-seven times with buck
shot, at close range, every shot taking ef
fect. The following fall tbe same bear
wai started in the same neighborhood,
and was killed with a single bullet. It
had only three legs, the other having been
self-amputated. It was very poor, but
when dressed weighed 484 pounds net
CIT" To conceal a fault by a lie has
been said to be substituting a bole lor a
How Sturgeons are Caught.
There are at least $100,000 invested in
the sturgeon fishing interest in the New '
Jersey end of the line, with headquarters J
at Bay Side, Cumberland County. ' The!
sturgeon grows rapidly, and a fish six
years old weighs 300 pounds. A big '
sturgeon yields from four to six Yankee
buckets of roe like unto shad roe: with
arger eggs, which are first rubbed through !
i coarse seive. then - salted and rubbed
through a finer seive till the fiber is dis
engaged from tbe egg, and the remainder,
- f . J :: .j.j .
iter uraiuiu, ia empueu inio Kegs ana
becomes what Shakespeare calls - "caviare
to the general." It is then shipped via
New York to Europe, where tbe supply
ie not equal to the demand. The modus
operandi with a sturgeon is to cut off bis
tail and let him bleed, the large artey run-
u;ng mrougn me tau. ine roe is then
taken out of the live fish. A broadax is
used to decapitate the fish, then the skin
is taken off, tb6 backbone or cartilage is
then taken out with a sharp knife and
leaves two sturgeon sides boneless. Tbe
fish is thoroughly wiped out with a coarse
whalebone broom, then the flesh is put in
to an ice-box and shipped to New York,
where it readily sells as good "Albany
beef." If the market is glutted the stur
geon meat is kept till fall in the ice-house
at a temperature of 4 degrees below aero.
and is then found good eating. The head,
tail, and backbone famish the famous
sturgeon oil. The sturgeon has no weap
ons of defense against tbe shark acd flies
from the lawyer of the sea. I found two
sturgeon in the haul made by moonlight
with the entire nose bitten ofir by a shark.'
A net entirely dry weighs 500 pounds, the
cotton laid twine alone weighing 300
pounds, costing twenty cents a pound.
The meshes of the net are from thirteen
to fifteen inches wide, and a sixteen foot
board twelve inches wide cau , be shot
through the net, so no shad or small fish
are ever caught in a sturgeon net. A sixty-pound
rock is sometimes found in the
sturgeon gill net. The net is 1,328 feet
long, seven feet under water, with no lead
or other sinker, the weight of the twine
holding the net down. The float (or cork)
remains on the top of :he water fast to the
lanyard, which is fast to the float. At
each drift, say two hours before low water,
from one to ten sturgeon is tbe catch, aod
a cork indicates when big fish gets his
gills entangled in the meshes ot tbe net.
The fiBh yields easily to fate and shows
no game, lhe water at Tampa is trans
parent, and a spear is used to kill the fish,
but the fishermam is desperately vexed
with what be oalls "foal fish," the sawfish
and devlfiab. The latter, weighing 1,600
pounds, frequently tear a net to pieces,
and the sight of a sawfish drives a fisher
man to shore. Frequently a 400-pound
green turtle is bagged with no market
for turtle. The sturgeon feeds down on
the bottom on the Crustacea and can be
seen rooting like a bog on the bottom.
The savants or scientists have never . dis
covered where the sturgeon spawns, and
it may be in ibe lilaok . Sea or lelaware
Bay where the she sturgeon basbeen seen
to shed her spawn on the surface of tbe
bay or river in tbe months of April , and
May. New York Mail and Express. .
The Hay Fever.
Correspondence of the Rockingham Bocket
An article under this heading appeared
in your issue of Sept. 22d, which I think
should receive more than a oasual notice.'
If indeed the water of Ellerbe Springs is
a Specific for bay fever and other com
plaints, the victims of distressing ailments
should know it. I will therefore cite other
instances of cases, through the use" of
tbe water, which are constantly recurring
to my mind since I read your article.
First, my own case, though mine was
more of the character of pulmonary affec
tion than hay fever. While out West' in
the years of 1873-45 I suffered from fre
quent attacks of hemorrhage, followed by
expectoration with dots and streaks' of
blood. The bleeding from my lungs be
came so profuse, and often ooming so sod
denly without warning, that I wasln dan
ger of being suffocated while asleep. None
of the many remedies I have tried gave
me any relief. Finally my physician ad
vised, me to return to my friends. When
on my way home I consulted a noted phys
ician who, after giving me an ominous
look, prescibed some palliatives that I
might reach my friends alive.
Through the importunity of friends and
a skillful physician I was induced to try
the Ellerbe water, and, in tbe meantime,
take charge of a school. . I was not long
using the water before I began to im
prove, and soon my health and strength
were far beyond anything I had ever ex
pected. I attributed my improvement en
tirely to the water, as I took no medicine
at the time ; and therefore recommend it
to all who are afflicted as I have been.
Next, Miss McA., of Montgomery, who
had a well-defined case of bay fever recur
ring regularly in Summer and Fall, after
trying the water of Jsckson Springs and
various remedies with relief, received de
cided benefit from the Ellerbe wster.
Then a woman near here wbo has been
similarly afflicted, says nothing affords
ber as much relief as this water. Also a
lady from Texas who spent some time with
us, and who nad bronchial trouble tor
many years, wss soon relieved of all bad
symptoms, and declared tbat she never felt
as well in her life.
I remember, also, a student here who
boarded in my family. He often was
oblicged to sit np half the night suffering
from asthma. While here bia condition
was noticeably improved. 4
From these facts and results it appears
thst the Ellerbe water is not only a . spe-.
cific for hay fever, but also an efficient
remedy for pulmonary affection.
M. C. McAekiix.
Ellerbe Springs, Richmond Co., N. C.
A sensible writer says of tbe old way of
awakening patients to give them physio :
"It is so common in these days for doc
tors to forbid having their patients waked
to take medicine if they are asleep when
the hour comes round, that the people
have learned tbe lesson pretty well, and
they generally know that sleep is better
for the sick than tbe medicine. But it is
not well known that sleep is a wonderful
preventive of disease better than tonio
regulators and stimulants."