Newspaper Page Text
Correspondence ofth CharlrtU Democrat.
University of Noeth Carolina, )
Nov. 9, 1887. J
Chapel Hill does not move fast or far.
Bat it moves others to move intellectually
and corporeally. In common with other
places for teaching and. learning, it sets
folks to thinking, planning and doing. It
sends out its young men even its pro
fessors to bring in brides. It attracts
other young men to find here what they
need and want. It increases life and pre
serves from death. Some collector of
statistics has recorded the names of forty
seven and would-be heads of families who
came here to live, and have gone away, ,
inoe the reconstruction in '75. The vil-1
lage was overflowing with visitors this
last Summer. But they did not see our
woods and hills in their great autumn
glory. This is now on us in wondrful
beauty, reminding all of the life that has
been, and inspiring confidence in what
There have been 213 students in the
University this session force-graduates
and post-graduates destined for the
various occupations required by our
busy life, national and state, politi
cal and social, ecclesiastical and civil,
public and private. To keep these
minds moving, the University lectures,
one eaoh month, at least, have been, and
doabtless will continue to be, of great
potenoy. Very graceful and grateful
have been those of Col. A. M. VVaddell of
Wilmington, a graduate of '53. The first
was on the fore-runners of Columbus, who
hundreds of years before 1492, visited all
parts of our coast, from Maine to Florida.
These early adventurers were of Iceland
and Norway and Denmark and Ireland.
The records of their ventures have been
lately exhumed from the archives in Ice
land and in Copenhagan. Copies of them
have been deposited in our National
Library at Washington. Some of these
early visitors remained aod mingled with
our Indians, left traces of their presence
in their language and in their forms aod
faces traoes found along the coast of the
Golf of Mexico and up the Mississippi aud
Missouri Rivera. These are marvellous
revelations. It seems that Columbus him
self visited Iceland and probably met
sailors from those northern coasts in the
ports of Spain and Italy. Col. Waddell
has gathered scattered rays of light, and
illumined a dark subject with agreeable
colors. Col. Waddell, in his second lec
ture, discussed, before the Shakspeare
Club, the legal learning of our great
dramatist. He showed in how many
of his plays he touched the law Com
mands and Statutes of England, and de
clared, on the authority of greatest law
yers, that he never quoted or applied that
law amiss. It is to be hoped that Col.
Waddell's lecture will stir one or more of
Dr. Hume's students to show forth Sbak
Capt. A. D. Jones of Raleigh, one of
"the new issues" from the University,
told, on University Day, Oct. 12tb, of
Gen. W. R. Davie's work and influence in
the shaping and adopting of our National
Constitution. This also was a very cred
itable display of historical and political
research, and to many full of agreeable
novelties. President Battle followed
Capt. Jones with the story of Davie's gen
eral life and of his broad and deep work
for North Carolina as warrior, statesman
aod gentleman, and especially as the
father of the University. By the way,
President Battle has had lately an inter
esting correspondence with a Professor at
Princeton College correcting some of his
misstatements as to the Colonial condi
tion of North Carolina, and as to it rea
sons for delaying to adopt our National
Constitution. If North Carolina is thus
misunderstood and misrepresented, she
saflers for her own fault. She has done
right, but she has not seen to it that her
deeds were properly recorded and pub
lished. The Historical Society ot the
University, lately revived, will, under the
enlightened and patriotio guidance of
President Battle, do a great and good
work in undoing the misdeeds and saving
and interpreting records which are in
danger of being lost. May be, after
awhile, folks will become unanimous as to
the when and the what of the Mecklen
Dr. W. B. Phillips lectured this session,
before the Mitchell Society, on "Bread
and Brains," showing their inevitable in
terdependence that Bread is indispensa
ble for Brains, and Brains tor Bread, and
that both should be of the best quality,
properly prepared and used aright. But
this using requires the presence of a power
different from, and superior to either
Bread or Brains. This lecture should be
repeated before every collection of stu
dents in North Carolina, whether young
men or maidens. It's doctrine should be
known by every workman with head or
with hand. Good food is not necessarily
costly food, nor is costly food, generally,
good food. Work is what the world
wants work with the body and work
with the mind and work is but trans
Another topio of general, universal in
terest, now being discussed at the Uni
versity, was presented by the Rev. Dr.
Maogum'a late "open letter" to Mr Julian
Carr, the manufacturer of Durham, well
known throughout the world. The
learned Professor wrote to the liberal citi
zen on the relation between Church and
State, and Society, in the matter of an
education for the people. This he holds
to be a duty of the State, and as such
should be "without money and without
price" for the teaching, a duty not to be
devolved on the Church, as a whole, or
on any part thereof, nor on individuals in
Church or State, however free these may
be to show their patriotism or their eccle
biastioism. This duty is an immediate in
ference from either idea of the State, that
is from the paternal theory, whereby it is
the universal fosterer of the welfare of its
citizens, and from the theory that restricts
Government to the protection of life, lib
erty and property. It is especially in
cumbent when the people govern them
selves, for themselves. This education
should be not only free, but full, and,
above all, Christian, the name of all that
includes duty to God and to man. Without be
ing sectarian, or merely philosophical, Dr.
Mangum enforces his deductions from first
principles by quotations from our Constitution
and our laws, by the teachings of great scholars,
by brilliant examples in History, and by the dic
tates of common sense. Especially happy is the
eloquent Professor in showing that Education,
like Religion, has always been, must always be,
from above. It is a Revelation, not merely an
Evolution. Great Universities preceded Com
mon Schools; Prophets and Apostles were taught
of God ; Genius and Heroism are gifts through
Nature. And in such a country as ours every
facility should be afforded by Government for
their development wherever found. The State,
which includes more than any Church, more
than all Churches, should care for the humblest,
the poorest of its citizens, even as the Church
provides or tries to provide for all its members.
If the State would do its duty in Education, the
denominations in the Church would be relieved
of a great the greatest partof the burden they
carry voluntarily, not necessarily. Q.
- Tbe Haymarket Massacre in Chicago.
A History of the Crimea of the Chicago
Anarchists for which four were hanged.
The history of the offence for which four
of the condemned were hanged posses ex
traordinary interest. About the 1st of
May, 1886, the workingmen of most of the
industrial centres of the United States
were much interested in a movement hav
ing for its object the reduction of the time
of a workiog day to eight hours. The cir
cumstances were taken advantage of by
the Anarchists of Chicago to create a dis
turbance and further their propaganda.
In the midst of the excitement growing
out of the eight-hour movement, a meeting
was called by oertain Anarchists to be
held on the evening of May 4th, at the
Haymarket, on Randolph street, in the
west division of the city of Chiosgo. The
meeting was addressed by Spies, Parsons,
and Fielden. About 10:30 P. M., while
Fielden was making the closing speeoh,
several companies of policemen, 140 in
number, marched into the crowd from
the station on Desplaines street and
ordered the meeting to disperse. As soon
as the order was given some one threw
among the policemen a dynamite bomb,
which struck Degan, one of the police offi
cers and killed him. As a result of the
throwing of the bomb and of the pistol
shots that followed six policemen, besides
Degan, were killed and sixty more serious
ly wounded. No one of the convicted
men, it appears, threw the bomb with his
own hands. Rudolph Schnaubelt threw
it, but, though arrested, was allowed to
escape for want at that time of evidence
to justify his detention. The verdict of
the jury in the trial found the defendants
guilty of murdering Degan, from having
been accessories before the act. Some of
the sixty-nine counts of the indictment
charged them with "being present, advis
ing, encouraging, aiding, and abetting"
the throwing of the bomb, and others
oharged them with abetting "one Rudolph
Schnaubelt" in the perpetration of the
crime. An Illinois statute makes the ac
cessory equally liable with the principal,
and responsible for his aot. The maker of
the bomb which consisted, it appears, of
"two semi-globular halves conneoted by a
bolt, and held together by a nut sore wing
upon the end of the bolt" was Louis
Lingg, who came to this country from
Germany in the summer of 1885. His
bombs were of about the size of a base
ball, and were made to be exploded by
the external application of fire. Lingg
was shown to have been engaged up to
May 4th in manufacture of bombs exactly
resembling the one thrown at the Hay
market. About fifty bombs were made
by him, under the auspices of the Inter
national Arbeiter Association, and dis
tributed to members a few hours before
the encounter with the police.
Lingg was a member of this association,
which was pledged to the use of force to
overthrow law and bring about a social
revolution and a redistribution of proper
ty. At the trial it was shown that all
the defendants were members of the I. A.
A., whose platform holds "that the pres
ent system under which property is own
ed by individuals should be destroyed aud
all capital which has been produced by
labor should be transformed by force into
common property." It is said that there
are eighty of these I. A. A., organized in
the United States, seven of which are in
Chicago. Only a portion of the members
of each of these "groups" is proposed to
be armed and drilled for war upon society,
yet in Chicago there were 3,000 who were
provided with rifles and pistols. Their
programme included a plentiful provision
also of bombs, which Lingg, in May, 1886,
had only begun to manufacture in service
able quantities. The L A. A. bad for its
organs in Chicago three newspapers
the Arbeiter Zeitung, of which Spies was
editor ; Der Anarchist, edited by Fischer;
and the Alarm, edited by Parsons. All
the defendants were connected with one
or another of these papers, except Lingg,
who was the ferocious chemist and me
chanician ol the conspiracy. It would be
a mistake to suppose that the Haymarket
massacre was an accidental outcome of an
unexpected meeting with the police. On
the contrary it had been contemplated for
months before, and was deliberately plan
ned for the very day on which it occurred.
The Arbeiter Zeitung of December 29,
1885, announced the adoption by the
"North Side Group" of this resolution :
"This assembly declares that the North
Side Group, I. A. A., pledges itself to
work with all means for the introduction
of the eight hour day, beginning on the
1st of May, 1886. At the same time the
North Side Group caution the working
men not to meet the enemy unarmed on
1st of May," &o. On the 22d of January,
1886, the Arbeiter said: "With empty
hands the workingmen will hardly be able
to cope with the representatives of the
olub in case, after the 1st of May of this
year, there should be a general strike. But
if they are prepared to Btop the working
of factories, to defend themselves with the
aid of dynamite and bombs, then, and on
ly then, can you expect a thorough suc
cess." These extracts show that the col
lision with the police was planned to take
place about the 1st of May, 1886, and that
bombs were to be used to destroy "the
enemy." What kind of bomb was intend
ed to be used is shown by the following
from the. Arbeiter Zeitung of November
27, 1885: "Letter-Box S. Steel and
iron are not on hand, but tin two or three
inches in diameter." On March 2, 1886,
the Zeitung said : "The time up to the 1st
of May is short. Look out." On March
19th it said : "Here in America, where
the workiogman possesses yet the free
dom of meeting, of speech, and of the
press, most should be done for the eman
cipation of suffering mankind. If we do
not soon stir ourselves for a bloody revo
lution, we cannot leave anything to our
children but property and slavery. There
fore prepare yourselves in all quietness for
revolution." On May 1, 1886, the Zeitung
said : "Bravely forward : the conflict has
begun it is said that on the person of
one of the arrested comrades in New York
a list of membership has been found and
that all the comrades compromised have
been arrested. Therefore away with all
rolls of membership and minute-books.
Clean your guns, complete your ammuni
tion. The hired murderers of the capital
ists, the police and militia, are ready to
murder. No workiogmau should leave
his home these days with empty pockets."
On May 2d, it said: "Everylhiug de
pends on quick and immediate action.
The tactics of the bosses are to gain time.
By Monday or Tuesday the conflict must
have reached its highest intensity else the
success will be doubtful." On Tuesday,
May 4th, appeared in the Zeitung an ar
ticle by Spies in reference to the riot at
McCormick's factory with this heading :
"Blood ! Lead and powder as a cure for
dissatisfied workmen ! About six laborers
mortally and four times the number slight
ly wounded ! Thia is law and order."
The article said: "Wage-workers, yes
terday the police murdered at the Mo
Cormick factory four of your brothers. If
brothers who defend themselves with
stones had been provided with good weap
ons and one single dynamite bomb, not
one of tha murderers would have escaped
his well merited fate." The evidence
supplied by these publications was sup
plemented by evidence of meetings at
which the seven .defendants arranged the
details of tha projected murders.
A meeting, including these persons and
others, was held on May 2d, at which a
plan of operations, originated by Eogel,
was adopted. The plan contemplated the
throwing of bombs into the polioe force
and the use of rifles by the members of
the Lehr and Wehr Yerein in case their
proceedings were interfered with. Next
day, at another meeting, Spies exhibited
his "revenge ciroular," calling his follow
ers to arms. It was beaded "Revenge!
Revenge!" and used this language:
"Slaves, we ask and conjure you by all
that is sacred and dear to you, avenge the
atrocious murder which has been commit
ted at McCormick's factory on your
brothers to-day. To arms ! This must
be your motto: Think of the heroes
whose blood has fertilized the road to
progress, liberty, and humanity, and strive
to become worthy of them.".
Engel's plan was again formally ap
proved, the understanding being that the armed
Anarchist would assist the mob against the po
lice in case of a disturbance ; that a bomb should
be thrown into each police-station ; that the po
licemen on issuing from the stations should be
shot down one by one, and be thus prevented
from reaching the scene of conflict, and that when
victory was secured, the various Anarchist bodies
should march to the centre of the city, cutting
telegraph wires and fireman's hose and killing all
that opposed. The plan was not carried out ex
actly as proposed, but it seems to be beyond ques
tion that the tragedy of May 4th was due to the
adoption of Engel's "plan" on the 2d and 3d of
May. The lives and antecedents of the condemn
ed present points of interest AJ leader in the
enterprise was August Spies, who was born in
Hesse, came to this country in 1872. became a
Socialist in 1877, and gained the position of edi
tor of the Arbeiter Zeitung in 1884. He was the
ablest and most influential of the Chicago An
archist Adolph Fischer, Michael Schwab, and
Oscar Neebe were among the stockholders of the
Zeitung. Fischer was born in Germany and was
a printer by trade. Finding the Zeitung not suf
ficiently radical in its views, he started a rival
paper, Der Anarchist Schwab came from Mann
heim, Germany, in 1879, and associated himself
with Spies in his journalistic work. George En
gel, who was Fischer's partner in Der Anarchist,
came to America from Cassel, Germany, in 1873.
Albert Parsons, the only native American among
the convicted, was born in Montgomery. Ala
bama, and was a printer by trade. Having be
come a Republican, he obtained appointments to
Federal officers at Austin, Texas, where he mar
ried a mulatto in 1872. Having been driven
from the South, he went to Chicago, where he
followed his trade for some time, and then be
came a professional labor agitator. In 18S4 he
became editor of the Alarm, the organ of an ad
vanced group of Anarchists. Samuel Fieldsn,
born in Lancashire, England, came to America
in 1868. He was an operative in a cotton mill in
New York in that year, and has since worked at
Chicago as a laborer. In 1880 he met Spies and
Parsons in the Liberal League, and in 1883 he
devoted himself to the occupation of a travelling
A Notable Coherence in Washington.
A call, signed by about one hundred
distinguished gentlemen, has been issued
for a Grand National Conference to meet
on December 7th, 8th aod 9th in Wash
ington City. It has been inaugurated un
der the general leadership of the Evangel
ical Alliance of the United States.
Among these eminent men we see from
the Methodist Church the names of
Bishops Key of Ga., Duncan of S. C, Bow
man, Hurst, Foss and Foster, and Drs.
Haygood and Vincent: from the Presbyte
rian, Drs. Hoge of Va., Stiickler of Ga.,
Cuyler, Crosby, Marquis, Pitzer, Pres.
McCosh and Prof. SchafE From the Epis
copal Church, Bishops Whittle of Va.,
Bedell and Clark, and Rev. Messrs. Phil
lips, Brooks, J. E. Grammer and W. T.
Sabine. From the Baptist Church, Pres.
M. B. Anderson, and Drs. MacArlher and
J. B. Thomas. And the Moravians, Con
gregatioualists, Disciples and others are
These men represent a wide range of
talent and views, and all sections of the
country. But what is the object of the
convention ? It is to consider the mo
mentous and peouliar problems, moral and
secial, emerging in the closing years of
the nineteenth century, and bearing on all
forms of Christian works; the planting of
Christian institutions, directing popular
eduoatiou, allaying, growing discontent
among working men, and effectually
meeting the great conflict with the saloon..
This study will include three questions, viz:
1st. What are the present perils and op
portunities of the Christian Church and of
the country ?
2nd. Can any of them be met but by a
hearty co-operation of all Evangelical
Christians, which, without detriment to
any denominational interests, will serve
the welfare of the whole Church ?
3rd. What are the best means to secure
such co-operation, and to waken the whole
church to its responsibility K
The intellectual .and spiritual wealth of
many denominations has been drawn upon
to furnish a programme of exceptional in
terests to all who hold dear our American
institutions and our Christian civilization.
While the sessions are to be opened by
selected essayists, the meetings are to be
The Religions Revival,
The religions exercises conducted by
the Evangelist, Mr Pearson, have continu
ed through several weeks with growing
interest. Every afternoon at 3 o'clock,
and every night, Saturday excepted, the
large hall has been filled with eager list
eners, many of whom have awakened to a
profound personal concern lor the salva
tion of their souls, and many hitherto most
careless, and in some instances, reckless
ones, have professed conversion, and are
now rejoicing in hope of salvation through
the Lord Jesus Christ.
It would be difficult to follow the
preacher through all bis labors during the
past week, and joined to them the efforts
of Christians in attendance, for the salva
tion of souls. Just sech a State of religi
ous enterprise has never been witnessed
here before; and none have ever before
been so signally blessed. The Gospel
truth as recorded in the Bible was never
before presented here as this earnest man
of God has done it so plainly, that "the
way faring man, though a fool, may not
err therein ;" so forcibly, as to leave the
convicted sinner without the least founda
tion for his standing; so tenderly as to
constrain him to fly to the one only cure
refuge of safety, the Lord Jesus Christ.
We cannot say that one days labor was
better than another ; that one sermon was
better th an tome other.' They all point
one way with unvarying steadiness and
truth ; tht-y nil ceuter on the only living
way, Jesus Chris', from spiritual death
unto eternal life. The careless reader of
God'i. Book is utteriy astonished at the
profound wisdom and yet great simplicity,
of God's Word as it concerns his salvation,
when brought out by the skillful teacher.
Salisbury Watchman, 10 th
State Bank The Favetteville Na
tional Bank will go into voluntary liqui-
dalion on uecemDer usi, ana wiu com-
mnw nnp.rationa tinder its new charter as
a State Bank on January 1st, 1888. The
charter granted by tne last jjegisiaiure is
a very liberal OQe.IayetteviUe Observer,
0th NOV. :
Senxtob Vanck Injcbkd. Dr. J. H.
Watson of this city, was summoned by
telegraph last evening about 7 o'clock, to
Black Mountain, to . see Senator Vance,
who it seerSe was severely injured by a
fall from his buggy while riding during
the afternoon. We hope the Senator's in
juries are not of a serious character.
Ashevule Citizen rl 3m.
Ashxyillb, Nov. 14. On Saturday af
ternoon, Senator Vance, while riding in a
road wagon on a narrow road leading to
his residence near Black Mountain, was
thrown out, and falling on his head, re
ceived a cot about three inches long
reaching to the bone. Dr. John A. Wat
son, of Asbeville, was summoned by tele
graph and reached the Senator early
Sunday morning. He dressed the wound
and left him in a satisfactory condition.
The injury, though severe, is not dan
gerous. . t5T The statement now going the
rounds of the press that Ray and Ander
son and their families are in England is
not true of their fajoiliee. We were in
Bakersville a few weeks ago and were
told that their wives were there living
with their father, Mr J. Bowman.
The two rival Republican State
Exeoutive Committees in this State are
going to try to harmonize their differ
ences. Loge Harris called his branch of
the show to meet in Raleigh Deo. 14th.
In the interest of harmony Dr Mott noti
fies his part of the menagerie to-be on
hand on the same day. Next year a
President is to be elected, and campaign
money will be sent down to buy the
State. Hence these attempts to har
monize. We shall see what we shall see!
N. C. Conference. The North Caro
lina Conference of the Methodist Episco
pal Church, South, will convene at Fay
etteville on. Wednesday, the 30th instant.
The Methodists of the Town are making
great preparations for the Conference and
the people of that good old Town will
give visitors a handsome weloome.
Salisbury, Nov. 8, 1887. Gov. Scales'
action in refusing to sell the State's inter
est in the Atlantio & North Carolina
Railroad is just what we might have ex
pected from such an honest and level
headed man as he is. Let the State re
tain the property until a connection is
made here with the Western North Caro
lina Railroad, then the stock will be
worth over par instead of 20 cents in the
IClf" At its meeting nex month the
Board of Agricultural will elect a State
Chemist and Director of the Experiment
Station to fill the vacancy caused by the
resignation of Dr. Dabney. The Observer
believes the interests of the people would
be thoroughly served in that office by
Dr. H. B. Battle, who was long the effi
cient assistant of Dr. Dabney and who
has satisfactorily filled the vacanoy in the
office since Dr. Dabney resigned. We
therefore hope the choice of the Board
will fall upon Dr. Battle, as upon one of
proven fitness. Raleigh jObserver.
Mr Haigh of Payetteville, (son of Dr. T. D.
Haigh.) is also an applicant for the place, and
those who know him say he is a highly cultured
young man, and well qualified to fill the position
of State Chemist
The Department of Agriculture
has notified oertain parties to cease the
sale of the "Edisto Bone Phosphate" fer
tilizer in the State, until further orders.
It is now unprotected by State license.
Jtgf" The Acme Manufacturing Com
pany of Wilmington, N. C, has presented
the office of the Department of Immigra
tion at Raleigh, with a pine-wool carpet
of its own manufacture (made out of pine
straw.) This carpeting is destined to be
come the most popular hall and office car
pet in the world. There is nothing like
it for neatness, durability and safety.
Carolina. Central vs. Rutherford
County. The suit between the Carolina
Central Railroad and Rutherford county
has been compromised, the plaintiff taking
judgment for $27,300. T. H. Cobb, Esq.,
of Asheville, was counsel for Carolina
Central. This suit was brought up on old
county bonds. As a further part of the
compromise, it is agreed that the judg
ment shall be settled by the issue of new
bonds to the amount of $27,300. The
cause of compromise, it is presumed, is on
account of doubts about the case. The
total amount of bonds, including interest,
would .be, we learn, about $107,000.
This being the oase, the county saves
nearly $80,000 by the compromise. Lin
coln Courier. '
Union and Cabarrus Line.
The following is the report of the com
missioners appointed to make a survey for
the purpose of establishing the line be
tween Union and Cabarrus counties:
Agreeable to an act of the General As
sembly, passed at the session of 1886-87,
to have commissioners appointed to estab
lish and locate the line between the coun
ties of Cabarrus and Union, we, A F Ste
vens, of Union, Jas P Cook, of Cabarrus,
and J E Henderson the third party of
Mecklenburg oounty, Commissioners ap
pointed to superintend the establishment
and locating of said line, met on the 17ih'
day of October, 1887, and proceeded to
establish aod locate the dividing line as
Beginning at a large rock in Rocky
River at the mouth of Clear Creek; thence
N 57 degrees, 50 seconds, W 944 poles,
crossing the Conoord road and Clear
Creek, to a stone in the Cabarrus line
(supposed to be near the corner of the
counties of Union and Mecklenburg) from
which one whit oak bears S 28$ degrees,
E 9 poles and 20 links distant, and anoth
er white oak bears S 63 degrees, E 8
The above described Hoe is ascertained
by an actual survey of the line (this sur
veyor, M D L Biggers) from the side be
ginning to a known corner between the
counties of Cabarrus and Mecklenburg,
10 miles distant. At the places where
the line crosses the public road, stones are
Witness, our hands and seals this 22d
day October, 1887. Jas P Cook,
A F Stevens,
J E Henderson.
Although by the survey Cabarrus loses
some good territory .she also gains some.
Digest of N. C. Supreme Court Decisions.
JFaU Term, 1887.
' Reported for the Raleigh Observer.
Barnes vs. Easton. The deiendant ap
plied to a judge at chambers for writs of
Record ari and Supersede as in a case
where judgment bad been obtained
against him in a magistrate's court. No
tice was given to the plaintiff, who neg
lected to attend, and after examination
the judge ordered the writs to issue and
the case was thus in the Superior court.
At the term of the court plaintiff moved
to be allowed to oppose the application
and the court allowed the motion, and on
affidavits then filed, heard the application
anew and gave judgment discussing the
Held, On appeal that the negleot of the
plaintiff to appear and oppose the applica
tion when duly made was at his peril and
the adjudication of the judge then made
was final and not the subject of a re-examination
in term time. The order of the
judge ended the application, and the case
then stood as if on appeal from the magis
trate's judgment in the Superior oourt for
trial. The established practice in such
cases being under rules of court are ope
rative and must be observed. The case
must stand for trial in the Superior court.
Harris vs. Terry. Held ; To charge a
postmaster with detaining, breaking open
and destroying mail matter is action
able. Held: That the courts of this State
take ootice to the laws of the United
States which differ in this regard from
the laws of another State that must be
Held ; That where a witness is examin
ed by the deiendant in respect to an affi
davit the witness had made, on cross-examination,
plaintiff may ask the witness
if he did not sin and if be did not swear
that the facts set forth therein were
Royster vs. Commissioners of Granville.
Held, That section 756 of the Code,
providing that all claims against counties,
fcc, shall be presented within two years
alter maturity, or be barred, while not
limiting the lime within which an action
must be prosecuted, bars a reoovery on
claims not presented according to its re
quirements. Held, U here on allegation of the los of
an order the board of commissioners or
dered a duplicate to be issue, with the
undemanding that the "duplicate should
be subject to all exceptions for fraud and
irregularity that might attach to the orig
inal," and that "the board do not assume
any responsibility in behalf of the county
which would not attach the original or
der," and said duplicate was not taken
lrom the office, the original order having
been found, that such aotion cannot be
construed as an admission of the validity
of the order.
State vs. Emery. Defendant was in
dicted for violating the local option law
in Raleigh township, which was adopt
ed June 7, 1886. The evidence was be
bad retailed liquor in December, 1886.
Defendant objected to the introduction
ot the record of the meeting of the Board
of Commissioners at which, the votes at
the prohibition elections were canvassed
and to the introduction of the electiou re
turns. Aud be aeked the court to instruct the
jury that be should be acquitted because
there was no evidence that one-fourih of
the qualified voters had petitioned for the
election to be held, and further because
the State had not sbowu that the liquor
had not been sold on the prescription of a
Held ; The copies of the proceedings ot
the Board of Commissioners and County
Convassers were properly admitted.
Held ; The result of the election as de
cided and proclaimed is conclusive in any
collateral proceeding. The objection to
the validity ofj the election for want of
proof of the condition precedent to its be
ing ordered, cannot be sustained.
Held; It was matter of defence if the
liquor had been sold on the prescription
ot a physician, and it rested on defendant
to show it.
I Alter verdict, defendant moved in arrest
of judgment that be was not charged with
an indictable offence.
Held ; That by virtue of tbe election it
became unlawful to sell spirituous liquors
in Raleigh township, and the offence
charged is sufficiently described.
Knott vs. R & G It R Co. Held, In
the abscene of any contract, express or
implied, to bind a railroad company to
more than being a forwarding agent, its
duty is performed when it delivers freight
to its connecting line in good condition.
Held, A connecting line of carriers may
form an association or partnership by
which each may become liable for the oth
ers; but such a fact must be alleged and
proved,-if relied on.
Where it is alleged that a railroad com
pany agreed to carry freight beyond its
terminus, and the allegation is denied.
an issue should be tendered by plaintiff
as to tbe fact.
Where a witness testifies that to the
best of his knowledge goods were in good
order at the terminus ot a connecting Hop,
and be is asked on what he founds that
knowledge, to make an examination of
the goods and if in good condition to check
them "all right," and if not in good con
dition to reject them.
One who keeps a meterological record
by appointment of tbe signal office and
makes entries of the weather in his own
handwriting at the time of bis observa
tions, his entries so made are a record
which when identified and authenticated
are evidence. When it was agreed that
the Superior Court judge need not read
his notes of the evidence to tbe jury and
he is asked to charge that there was no
evidence of damage while in defendant's
possession, and he replied, "I will not read
over my notes to see if there is an' such
evidence or not, but will leave it to tbe
jury ;" Held, no cause for assignment of
Creech vs. Creech. Suit by apprentice
for breach of covenants in indenture.
Held, That although the general rule is
that where no actual damages are proved
the jury can give only nominal damages,
yet there are exceptions which are ap
plicable to the facts of this case. South
erland on Damages, Vol. 2, pages 156,
157 and 172; Slate vs. Williams, 1 Dev
Held, Thai where the judge charges
that "there is no actual damage," and also
charge th jury that if they should find
that the plaintiff bad suffered actnal dam
age by permanent injury to his health,
and tbe same was caused by insufficient
food or clothing or other treatment, they
should ay from the evidence .what tbe
damage was, it mast be taken that it was
meant there was no immediate, direct
Held; That the -indenture, being made
by "the judge of the probate and his suc
cessors in office." tbe name of the present
judge of probate, being as successor in
office, can be used as plaintin, as in tne
case of an official bond.
Sugg and wife vs. Hartford Insurance
Co. The plaintiff bad taken out a policy
of iosurance in defendant company in
which there was a provision as follows:
"Or if there shall be any other insurance,
whether valid or otherwise, on tbe proper
ty insured or any part thereol at the time
it is issued or any other time during its
continuance, without tbe consent of this
company written hereon, this policy shall
Subsequently the -plaintiff, lorgetting
the existence of this polioy, obtained oth
er policies in other companies which con
tained the same clause.
Held, That the fact that tbe new poli
cies were invalid because of the existence
of the first polioy at tbe time they were
made does not alter tbe meaning of the
contract entered into by the parties where
by their contract was to become void if
additional insurance should be obtained,
whether valid or otherwise, without the
consent of the insurance company. The
parties agreed that in a certain case their
contract should be void, and their contract
State vs. Dickereon. Exactly what
corporal punishment a master may law
fully inflict upon an apprentice is not set
tled, but if tht'.whippiog inflicted by cruel
and merciless the jury may infer it was
done wantonly ind maliciously.
Tbe exclusion of irrelevant evidence is
no ground for exception.
. A witness whom it is proposed to attack
must be cross examined as to imputed hos
tile declarations as to a party to the action
before evidence of the same is given, with
a view to impeach.
Opinions were filed in the following
cases on Monday last:
Townseud vs McKiunon; no error.
Porter vs Durham; no error. Allen vs
Griffin; error; new trial. Rigsbee vs
Durhum; no error. Straus vs Frederick;
no error. Carpenter vs Tucker; no error.
Bank vs Bridget; no error. Manuel vs
Commissioner; no error. Rogers vs Jen
kins; action dismissed for want of juris
diction. Harvey vs Rich; no error. Har
vey vs Brevard; no error. Newton vs
Fisher; no error. Newton vs Fisher; no
error. Perry vs Peterson; error; new
Sirs. Query's Millinery Store.
Pall and Winter.
Ladies will find what they want in our stock.
We do not offer to sell $1 Hats for 75 or 69 cents,
but will sell Hats and Bonnets, and all the new
Novelties for Trimming, or Hats or Bonnets
ready Trimmed, as Cheap for Cash as any store
in this or any other city.
We have also added to our Fancy Goods Stock
a full line of Embroidery Silks, Filling Silks,
Wash Etching Silks. Filoselle, Chenille, Arrasine,
Linen Specialties and Art Novelties, Zephyr,
Wool, etc., all at popular prices.
Mks. P. QUERY & CO.
Sept. 23, 1887.
TO THE FALL TRADE.
Our Stock of PROVISIONS and GROCE
RIES is now complete.
To cash buyers we offer great inducements.
Don't fail to give, us a call, as all we ak is a
trial. Have just received,
fCf ROLLS Cotton Bagging,
UJJ 500 Bundles TIES,
500 Barrels Flour,
150 Bags Coffee,
50 Barrels Sugar,
50 Barrels Molasses,
50 Boxes Bacon,
200 Boxes Tobacco,
100 Boxen Sop,
100 Packages Soda,
200 Bags Salt.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Sept. 2, 1897. Charlotte, N. C.
LARGEST AND BEST
STOCK OF DRESS GOODS
Fine stock of newest Trimmings, elegant lines
of Hosiery, Gloves, Ribbons, Jerseys, Cloaks,
Shawls and everything to be found in a Dry
Goods House. Lowest prices in
Shirtings, Flannels and all Domestics. Full
stock Elkin Blankets, Yarns and Socks.
We will save you money.
E. L. KEESLER & CO.
Sept. 16, 1887.
TO CONSULT US.
Big lot of Gents' extra-heavy Hose at the low
price of 10 cents. Gents all-wool Hose at 25
Our Pant Goods stock U the admiration of
every Farmer. Our heavy Kerseys at 33, 45
and 50 cents are extraordinary sellers. Be sure
to see them.
See our new line of Dress Goods. Special in
ducements to all parties purchasing Bridal Out
fits, Keep this in mind.
See our new line of Children's Cloaks. All
prices from f 2 upward.
Ask to see the new Walking Jackets. They
are selling rapidly.
Ladies' short Visites in great variety. Ladies'
Newmarkets. Large line of Underwtar. All at
Rock Bottom prices.
T. L. 8EIGLE & CO.
Nov. 11, 1887.
FALL AND W1NTHR CLOTHING.
FHARR & LONG.
(Successors to E. D. Latta b Hro.,)
Having succeeded the well known firm of E.
D. LATTA & BRO., it is our desire to receive
and will be our utmost effort to deserve that
loyal support at the bands of the community
which so steadfastly attended th rtit.- '
cern, and has made them prominent throughout
New Clothing for 1887.
We shall give very close attention to our busi
ness and shall have a special care to the interests
of our patrons, and as we begin our new life
having no accounts and naught against anyone!
hpftri nir 4rwii will tn...,! .11 r . . J
. p... . . '-" j u men, ana a verv
special hking for ladies, who have the responsi
ble charge of providing well for the comfort of
the -rtemg generation," we shall hope by cour-
Ie0HQfhd.en,DgPe 8eUiDg of reliab1 GoodS oX
and the One Price system, to succeed.
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
Our exoensea will Ha i;tt 1 .
u -,, ------w..6. leisurely recuced.
as we shall serve in active capacity ourselves and
as we have nnrphn.H . o.u i 1 RDa
tageously.and much under value a'
to "he toade indDCmenU heretofore ""known
The first call fmm nn j - .
which we w,ll endeavor to substantially rHest
Comparative Cotton Statement.
The following is tbe comparative
statement for tbe week ending Nov
Net receipts at all U. S. ports, 830,668
Total receipts to date, 2,834,378 '
Exports for the week, 193498
Total exports to date, 1,358,488
Stock at all U. . ports, 736,320
Stock at all interior towns, 194,472
Stock in Liverpool, . 447,000
Stock of American afloat for
Great Britain, 250,000
Total Receipts at all American p0r,
since Sept. 1st, 1887.
ine lowowing are toe toiai net receim
of cotton at all United States sea.
351,550 bales, New Orleans 645,909, irV
bile, 84,223, Savannah 477,726, Ok
ton 227,642, Wilmington 98,582, W
198,057, Baltimore 3,469, New 1
2,428, Boston 18,308, Newport Newiji
026, Philadelphia 4,493, West Point m.
259, Brunswick 10,535, Port Royal 5,981
fensaoola 9,188. Total 2,334,378.
Total Visible Supply of Cotton.
Nkw York. Nov. 12. The total viriKU
suddIv of cotton for the world is 2.5sn
522 bales, of which 2,070,022 are Ameri
can, against 2,262,742 and 1,884,842 n
BDectivel v last vear: receinta from all in.
7 t 97 m
terior towns, 212,721; receipts from plantt
tione, 346,661. Urop in sight 2,953,492,
Closing Oat Sale. i
ELIAS IT COHEN
Intend making a change in their present busi
ness on the 1st of January next, and will offer
To purchasers, either at Wholesale or Retail
as tbe Stock must be sold and Store vacated bj
Our Stock is full in many lines of this FalFi
purchases, and Wholesale Bayers will find lots
of Goods that they can buy 20 per cent less than
in tbe Northern markets.
There is no humbug in this sale, and all re-
maining on hand, with the Store fixtures, wm or
closed out at auction at the time epecmea.
Bayers will do well to examine our Goods anj
All persons indebted to us must make in.
mediate payment. Longer indulgence cannot be
We are selling Agents fur Clifton, Foxhall d
Glendale Sheetings, Shirtings and Drills. Orden
for Plaids filled at lowest market prices.
ELIAS & COHEN.
Sept, 23, 1887.
CLOAKS AND JERSEYS.
Large purchases of Cloaks and Jerseys enable
us to offer to my friends and patrons exception-
ally good Bargains, for instance I am nov
Ladies' Newmarkets at $3 38, worth $5.
Ladies' Newmarkets at $3.78, worth $550.
Ladies' Newmarkets at $5, worth $6.50.
Ladies' Circulars at $4 43, worth $6.
Many Other Styles at
Very Low Prices.
In Jerseys, I offer .a well made, good style
Black Jersey at 48 cents. No other house erf
match them for less than 85 cents.
' The grcntest offers yet made. You, are bound
to be pleased when buying in this Department,
for the styles are just superb, and prices won
Regulator of Low Prices
Oct 14, 1887.
Himmond & Justice
Are Agents for tbe Oriental Powder Milk
whose "Wing Shot" Powder has no equal for
Breech Loading Guns Are also agents for Ua
"Hercules Powder C ompany," whose make a'
Dynamite Is acknowledged to be the best.
A full stock of Sporting and Blasting Powder,
Dynamite and Water Proof Fuse always a
hand at bottom prices.
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Oct. 21, 1887.
The "Oliver Chilled Plow,"
The Best in the World.
HAMMOND & JUSTICE are now Agetfi
for this celebrated Plow, and carry a full itod
ot all extras for same, such as Points, Hooli
Boards, Landsider, Bolts, &c, and are sellia
We also have a large stock of Pittsburg Stet
Plows, 8ingle and Double Iron Foot Plo
Stocks, at Rock Bottom prices.
' HAMMOND Jb JU8TIC!
Oct 7, 1887.
Extract of Sarsaparilla and Queen's DeligU
combined with Iodide of Potash.
This is Nature's Own Remedy for all D&
eases arising from an impure condition of tlx
Blood, Eruptive and Cutaneous Diseases, Erj
sipelas, St. Anthony's Fire, Pimples, Tetta,
Ringworm, Rheumatism, Syphilitic, MercurUl,
and all Diseases of like character. "
It is an Alterative for the Restoration ol To
and Strength to the system debilitated by dise
hence it affords great protection f rom att
that originate in changes of climate, of seM
and of life. '
BURWELL & DUNN,
8ole Manufacturers and Proprietor!,
April 22. 1887. CharlottM
Just received, a large line of New Books,
"John-A-Dreams." a Tale, 25 cents.
"A Wicked Girl," by Mary Cecil Hay, 25 ceo
"Caskel Byron's Profession," by Geo. Bat
8haw, 25 cents. .
"A Modern Telemachus." by Charlotte How
"The Guilty River," by Wilkie Collins, 25cen
"Yeast," by Chas. Kingsley, 25 cents. .
"Megnon's Secret and Wanted a Wife." by Joti
Strange Winter, 25 cents. .
"A Strange Inheritance," by F. M. F. Ske
"Cranford " Mm ntril 2S r.pnts.
"Golden Bells," by A. E. Francillon, 25 cent
"Lucy Croflon," by Mrs Oliphant, 25 cenU.
"Butta," by Geo. Temple, 25 cents.
"Lil Lorinne," by Theo. Gift, 50 cents.
n-voa CL aTIAMSi
A genuine imported article, for sale by
... -rwr-rr CK-VkT Ar. CU
May 27. 1887.
t" Averill Ready-Mixed Paite
best in use. Any one can use mem.
t-White-Wash Brushes, Pjjj
Brusaes, Shoe Brushes and Kalsomlne
W. M. WILSON "Ago
Sent 23 187 PHARR & LONG,
Feb. 19. 1888.