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This Paper is 35 Yeabs Old
CHARLOTTE, N. FRIDAY;-DECEMBER 16, 1887.
VOLUME XXXVI. NUMBEK 1842
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Published bvxsy Friday bt
YATES & STRONG.
Tsbms One Dollar and Fifty Cents for 1 year.
One Dollar for 6 months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte.N
C, as second class matter," according to the
rales of the P. O. Department.
II. 0. ECCLE3. GEO. W. BRYAN.
CIIA.KI.OXTU, If . C.
The largest and most centrally located Hotel in
tije city. , , - - "(
Newly painted and refurnished. ""Electric
Bells and Electric Lights. The Central and
ECCLES & BRYAN,
Aug. 5, 1887. Proprietors.
J. P. McCOMBS, M. D.,
Oilers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
Jan. 1, 1885.
Dr. Annie L. Alexander,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice limited to diseases of WOMIjJn and
CHILDREN, and attention to Female patients.
Office, at Mr3 Latham's, 214 South Tryon
street, nearly opposite the Post Office.
Charlotte, May 27, 1887. tf
i. BUR WELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the Stats and Federal Courts
ty Office in Law Building.
HUGH W. HARRIS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Office, First door west of Court House.
Oct. 17, 1885.
P. I. OSBORNE. W. C. MAXWELL.
OSBORNE & MAXWELL,
Attorneys at Law.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
S3T Offices 1 and 3 Law Building.
July 3, 1886. y
HAMILTON C. JONES.
CHARLES W. TILLETT.
JONES & TILLETT.
Attorneys at Law.
Charlotte, N. C.
Tractice in the Courts of this District and in
Richmond county. Also, in the Federal Courts
of the Western District.
Aug. 12, 1887.
HERIOT CLAKKSON. CHA8 H. DDLS.
CLARKSON & DULS,
Attorneys at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Prompt attention given to all business in
trusted. Will practice in all Courts of the
tyOffice No. 12 Law Building.
Oct. 7, 1887.
W. W. FLEMMING. E. T. CANSLER. T. N. WINSLOW
Flemming, Cansler & Winslow,
ATTO RNEYS-AT-LA W,
Charlotte, N. C,
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts
of North Carolina. Special attention given to
all business entrusted to them in Mecklenburg,
Cabarrus, Union. Lincoln and Qaston counties.
Sept. 23,. 1887.
Q. P. BASON,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
tW Will practice in the State and Federal
Courts. Office No 16, Law Building.
Jan. 14, 1887. y
DR. M. A. BLAND.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb. 15. 1884.
J. W. BYERS,
Physician and u rgeo n
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
"Will attend all calls, either night orday, in the
GST Office on Tryon St , next to Bnford House.
-Kesidence 309, West 5th St., near First Presby
Oct. 14, 1887 y
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C. -Practice
Limited. to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
HOFFM&.N & ALEXANDER,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office over A. R. Nisbet & Bro's store. Office
hours from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M.
Jan. l, iBSti.
U 3 Try street, near Wriston', Drug Store,)
unariotte, N. C.
Practical Watch-Maker and Jeweler
dotes,?; ciock.. c
rw. a nointiioa assured.
repiogPeCial aUenti0D iveQ to fie Watch
Aug. 19, 1887.
Complete Stock and Lowest Prices
Shoes, Trunks and Valises.
PEGRAM & CO.
". 1887. 16 South Tryon strek
The Bank of Eneland doors are
now so finely balanced that a olerk, by
pressing a knob under his desk, can close
the outer doors instantly, and they oonnot
be opened again except by special process.
This is done to prevent the daring and in
genious unemployed of the metropolis
from robbing the bank. The bullion de
partment oi this and other banks in night
ly submerged several feet in water by the
action of the machinery. - In some banks
the bullion department is connected with
the mauager's sleeping room, and an en
trance cannot be effected without shoot
ing a bolt in the dormitory, which in tarn
sets in motion an alarm. If a visitor dar
ing the day should happen to knock off
one from a pile of half sovereigns the
whole pile would disappear, a pool of
water taking its plaee.
By virtue of a mortgage made to me by J. EL
Alexander by deed dated February 17th, 1881.
and duly registered in Book 25, page 404, regis
try for Mecklenburg county, I will sell at the
Court House door, in the city of Charlotte, to
the highest bidder, for cash, on Monday, Janua
ry 2nd, 1888, at 12 o'clock, M. all the LAND
contained in said mortgage deed, adjoining the
lands of N. O. Alexander and others, contain
ing 33M acres, more or less.
Dec. 9, 1887. 4w Mortgagee.
By virtue of two Mortgages executed to Lid
dell & Company by A. "W. Keid, and registered
in the Register's office of Mecklenburg county,
in Book 46, page 412, and Book 54, page 183,
respectively, we will sell at the Court House
door in the city of Charlotte, on Saturday, the
14th January, 1888. the LOT described in said
Mortgages, situate in the town of Matthews, N.
C. Terms Cash.
LIDDELL & CO.,
Dec. 9, 1887. 6w Mortgagees.
SALE OF LAND.
By virtue of authority granted to me by Ira
Alexander by a Mortgage dated Dec. 12, 1884,
and duly registered in the office of the Register
of Deeds in Book 40, page 107, I will sell at the
Court House in Charlotte, for cash, on Monday,
January 9th, 1888, the LAND described in said
Mortgage, to-wit : a Tract of about 0 Acres,
on Big Sugar Creek, joining the land of F. Hovis,
Jno. F. Wilson and others, and known as the
Dec. 9, 1887. 5w Mortgagee.
SALE OF LAND!
By virtue of authority granted to me by J. L.
Cathey and wife, by Deed dated Nov. 11, 188t,
and registered in the office of the Register of
Deeds for this county, in Book 42, page 501, I
will sell for cash, at the Court House in Char
lotte, on Saturday, Dec. 17th, 1887, at 12 M., the
LAND described in said Deed, in Paw Creek
township, lying near the C. C. Railroad and
Caldwell Church, and lately occupied by J. E.
Selby, to whom or to Wm. Todd, Esq , parties
desiring to purchase may apply for full particu
Nov. 18.1887. 5w Trustee.
By virtue of a Decree of the Superior Court
in the case of T. J Dulin and others against
James Furr and others, 1 will sell at the Court
House door, in the city of Charlotte. N. C , on
Monday, January 2d, 188o, at 12 o clock M., to
the highest bidder, that certain piece of LAND
conveyed by A. M. Hall to Wm. Ballard by
Deed dated Jan. 4th, lot, and registered in
Book 13, page 278, containing 91 & Acres, less 31
Acres allotted to S. R. Ballard as her dower,
being 60 Acres. Said Land is sold for parti
tion. The bidding will be commenced at
$6 32V per Acre for the Land J. E. Henderson
having offered that amount. Terms Cash.
Dec. 2, 1887. 5w Commissioner
SALE OF PROPERTY.
By virtue of the powers conferred in two Mort
gages or Deeds in Trust one executed by M. M.
Phifer and W. F. riiiler to U. U. Jones, as Trus
tee, to secure a debt of one thousand dollars,
principal, to J. M. Clement, which instrument is
registered in the office of the Register of Deeds
of Mecklenburg county, in Book 21, page 58 ;
and the other executed by VV. W. suiter, W. r .
Phifer, Geo. M. Phifer, Minnie W. Phifer and
Codie W. Phifer, to secure the same debt, which
instrument is also registered in same office in
Book 33, page 10, to both of which reference is
made for greater certainty ; and, upon both, de
fault has been made and the same have become
forfeited ; and by virtue of an o:der of the Su
perior Court of said county, the undersigned
will sell lor casu at tne uourt House aoor in
Charlotte, on Tuesday, the 20th day of December,
1887, at 1 o'clock P. M., that Tract or Parcel of
LAND, lying in Mecklenburg county, within and
iust outside the north-eastern limits of the city
ot unariotie, ana on me easi oans oi irnuers
Mill Pond, on Suear Creek, adjoining the lands
of D. P. Hutchison, M. M. Orr, Baxter Moore,
Philip Whisnant, Mrs Sarah J. White and others,
containing 105 Acres, more or less the same
being the Tract of Land conveyed by Deed by
Joseph H. Wilson to M. M. Phifer. See Deed
recorded in Book 14, page 70.
H. C. JONES,
Nov. 18,1887. 5w Trustee.
- Valuable Land
I will sell my Plantation, two miles from
Beattie's Ford, with fine Residence. Healthy
place and the Land always produces good crops
of every kind when worked. The Tract con
tains about 200 Acres, with good Barn, Stables
and Tenant Houses. If desired, I will divide the
Tract or add to it to suit purchasers. Terms
easv. For particulars cali on me, or Mr J. L
Jetton, who will take pleasure in showing the
' W. B. WITHERS,
Davidson College, N. C.
Sept. 80, 1887. tf
LAND FOR SALE
In Steel Creek Township.
I wish to sell my interest in the Tract of
LAND on which I now live. 8aid Tract is
situated in Sttel Creek Township and contains
137M Acres. J. W. McDOWELL.
I also desire to sell my Dower interest in the
uhnv Trart. I nossess said interest as the
widow of the late John H. McDowell:
Mrs. A. R. WILLIAMS.
Oct. 14, 1887. 2m-pd
Job Printing and Book Binding
We have secured the services of an experienced
nrt firai-cUsa Book Binder, and will for the
next 30 days make a specialty of rebinding old
Rnnba Matrftzines. PaDers. Periodicals, etc, in
thA lntMt and most aDnroved stvles. Now is the
time to have all such work done Cheap.
CORRELL. CORMACK & CO.,
Practical Printers and Binders,
No. 4 8. Tryon St., Charlotte, N. C,
Sept. 23, 1887.
And all the leading PATENT MEDICINES
for sale by
R. H. JORDAN & CO.
March 26. 1886.
. About the Giraffe. i ; ; .
The giraffe is found in 1 Africa. He is
the tallest of all animals; usually about fit
teen feet high. He has two short horns,
covered with a hairy skin. One of the
strangest things about him is his loogae,
which is very long; he can pat it' a great
way out of his raoutb, and twist it round
a twig or bough which he wishes to break
off. Yet he can put it inside the ring of a
small key.' 'Giraffes live in herds; about
twenty feed together. "While they 5 are
feeding they have sentinels placed ready
to give warning if an 'enemy is : coming.
They can see a great way off; their sceot
is keen. They are swift runners, : so it is
not easy for-honters to catch them. The
giraffe defends himself bravely against an
enemy. When he fights he kicks ' very,
hard with his hind legs, and sometimes be
turns his long neefc fetdewsy tt itrike
hard blow with his head. In these ways
he will conquer even a lion. But the lion
sometimes attack the giraffe in snob a
way that he can not resist. He hides
himself near the stream where the giraffe
comes to drink ; when he is drinking the
lion upon bis back and holds on with his
cruel claws. Tbe poor giraffe runs until
he is wearied out, -when the lion tears him
to pieces. He is easily tamed, is very
loving, and licks the band of the person
that feeds him. - He does not eat meat,
but feeds on grass and ' leaves. When
tamed he eats corn and hay like the cow.
Like the cow, too, he chews the cud. Ani
mals that chew the cad are called rumi
Tuk Guinea Fowl. Though unpopu
lar with many farmers, this bird is a great
forager, and destroys numerous insects
that hens will not touch. They do nob
scratch the garden, and though not easily
kept near the house, they make known the
places where they lay by a peculiar uoiee,
which enables one accustomed to them to
find all the eggs they lay. They really
cost nothing to raise, and when roosting
near the bouse create an alarm should in
truders make their appearance.
t-HT'At a late meeting in London, Dr.
E. P. Thwing stated that Americans are
more susceptible to the influence of alco
hol than Englishmen, and that they are
more affected by tobacco than are Hol
landers, Turks or Chinese. This he sup
poses to be due to an increased sensitiveness
of the nervous system induced by the
high pressure life of this country.
SIT" "Mamma, what's hereditary ?"
asked Bobby, laboriously tripping over
the syllables of the long word. "Why, it
is anything you get from your lather or
me," replied the mother, a little puzzled
for a definition suited to bis years, silence
for two minutes. "Then,
ma," be asked,
"is epankin' hereditary V
First National Bank of Charlotte
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Paid Up Capital $400,000.
R. Y. McAden, President. M. P. Pegram, Cashier
John F. Orr, Teller ; A. Graham and A. Brady
Board of Directors.
McAden, J.L.Brown, Wm. R.Myers
R. M. Oates,
Deals in Bills of Exchange, Sight Drafts, Gold
and Silver (Join, and Government and otner oe
Jan. 1, 1887.
Having qualified as Administrator cum testa-
mento annexo upon the Estate of Mrs Amanda
H. Reid, deceased, I hereby notify all persons
indebted to said Estate to make payment to the
undersigned at once ; and all persons holding
claims against the same will present them within
the time prescribed by law. or tnis notice win be
pleaded in bar oi tneir recovery.
JJXU. It. HittVYliN,
Nov. 11, 1887. 6w Administrator
Mrs. Query's Millinery Store.
Fall and Winter.
Ladies will find what they want in our stock
We do not offer to sell $1 Hats for 75 or 69 cents,
but will sell Hats and Bonnets, and all the new
Novelties for Trimming, or Hats or Bonnets
ready Trimmed, as Cheap for Cash as any store
in this or any other city.
We have also added to our Fancy Goods Stock
a full line of Embroidery Silks, Filling Silts,
Wash Etching Silks. Filoselle. Chenille. Arrasme,
Linen Specialties and Art Novelties, Zephyr,
Wool, etc., all at popular prices.
Mrs. P. QUERY & CO.
Sept. 23, 1887.
BUY THE BEST.
We now have on hand a large stock of the
celebrated "Elkin" Blankets. Jeans. Yarns and
Remember we are Agents for these Goods,
and thev are the best and cheapest sold on this
E. L. KEESLER & CO.
Oct. 14, 1887.
PURE, HARD AND BRILLIANT
Brazillian Axis Cut Pebbles.
For sale by Hales & Boyne, Charlotte.
They are a natural stone, almost as herd as a
diamond, take a high polish, will, not scratch, nor
will moisture collect on them in warm weather.
They confer a brilliancy and a distinctness of
vision, with an amount of ease and comfort not
hitherto enjoyed by spectacle wearers.
They neutralize and prevent the irritating rays
of light from entering the eye.
They improve, strengthen and preserve the
sight, thereby resting the optic nerves ral in
very many cases preventing headache.
On account of the purity of the material of
which they are made, they cause no dizziness or
wavering of sight. Every pair warranted.
The common, inferior Spectacles, which are
sold and bought, regardless of their quality or
accuracy, are made from inferior material or im
perfect Lenses discarded from- better grades,
they stimulate heat, irritate and fatigue the eye,
they retract the. rays of light unequally and fail
to correct ail optical aeiecis. -
. We wish to imnress udOd, the public the im
portance of taking good care of .their eyes, and
never neglect using glasses .when the first symp
toms of failing sight appear. l.very genuine
pair is stamped with Trade-Mark BP. The Peb
bles are set in Gold, Silver, Celluloid, Steel,
Nickel, and Rubber Frames. For sale by
HALES & BOYNE,
Jewelers and Opticians, Charlotte, N. C.
March 25. 1887.
" Indifference to 'Personalities. Is
Shortly after Mr Seward took his seal in
the United States Senate, he: announced
that, under no circumstances, would he re
ply to a personal atlsck. "There s ho Sena
tor," said he, "whose reputation is of suffi
cient importaoqe to justify hinV in taking
fivA m t r. t. , na aP (ti. 9.ti.K.'. tfmn .1..
fend it.V, Pariog his senatorial term he
was respectful toward his political oppo
nentSj although; his radical opinions and
bold utterances excited their bitter hostil
ity, and drew upon him many fierce, per
sonal! .attacks lie jaever 'noticed these
personalities in publi5Jebate, aud to all
appearance, was as lndinereot to them as
to the orying of ; ah iuiaut. " 1 ;
The eloquent Judah I. Benjamin, whose
seat was next 4o Sewards, once.; attacked
him in an imbassionea speech. ' As Boon
as the orator resunged $ia seat. Mr Seward
mrueu tu uiui auu eaiu, iu lue moBi mail
fer'ent tone, "Benjamin, -give me a cigar,
and when your speech is printed send me
a copy." . ?
Then rising, he returned to the cloak
room ana smoked .Benjamins cigar as
camly as if tbe donor and be were politi
cal and personal friends.
Mr Stanton who relates this anecdote
in bis "Random Kecol lections," describes
a similar scene in the Senate .Chamber a
quarter of a century before, wherein Clay
and Van Buren were the actors. Presi
dent Jackson's order removing the public
deposits from the United States Bank to
its branches had alarmed tbe merchants
and bankers, and excited the Whigs. Clay
and Webster, their leaders, burled anathe
mas against' the President, and compared
him to tbe stock tyrauts of olden times.
Vice President Van Buren, a model of
courtesy as tbe presiding ameer ot the
Senate, used to listen to the most bitter
attacks on the administration, of which be
was a prominent member, with the placid
ity of a cold, neutral, impartial referee.
Oae morning Mr Clay, in the course of
an eloquent, impassioned speecn, impiorea
the Vice President to hasten to the White
house, and on bended knee exert his well
known influence over the despot, to per
tuade him to reetore the Federal funds to
the Bank, and thus avert a financial panic.
As soon as Clay had closed bis vehe
ment philippic, Van Buren, calling a Sen
ator to the chair, went straight across the
Chamber to Clay's seat. The Senators
looked on with no little apprehension, and
even Mr Clay seemed a little disconcerted
as he rose from his seat. Mr Senator,
said the Vice-President, bowing graceful
ly, "allow me to be indebted to you for
another pinch of your aromatic maccoboy."
Clay offered his gold snuff box, and re
sumed his 'seat, while Van Buren took a
delicate pinch, and then . returned to the
Neither Van Buren nor Mr Seward af
fected an indifference they did not feel
Both of them looked , upon personalities
in debate as pait of the game ot politics.
which a statesman should no more heed
than does a lawyer the attacks of opposing
counsel. They took all such criticisms as a
tribute to their personal influence, which
their opponents were bent on destroying,
Mania for Secret Societies.
. The colored people have gone into or
ganizations to an extraordinary extent.
Une ot our colored ministers in lexas in
formed a General Conference officer that
he belonged to seven different secret
societies.- They have not been content
with imitating those formed by the Cau
casian fellow-citizens, but have instituted
a large number of their own, some of
which have - names of the most imposing
character. Not long ago a case was tried
in Baltimore which is recorded on tbe
docket as follows: "William H. Perkins,
Worthy Ruler of St. Thomas Lodge, vs
Augustus Thomas, Grand Royal King of
the United and Consolidated Order of
Brothers and Sisters and Sons and
Daughters of the Knights of Four Men,
and the members of the Supreme Grand
Koyal House. lhe suit in this case
arose because the Grand Royal King be
came disgusted with the workings of St
Thomas Lode . placed it under the ban
of excommuuication, and said that be
"would not take back one word of that
decree, not even if President Cleveland,
or even if Grant would come out of his
grave." to appeal to him. St. Thomas
Lodge brought suit to make the Grand
Roval King take it back. Ludicrous as
this may appear, it is not much more so
than the proceedings 'and titles of many
societies that are now formed among the
Almost all the frogs used for ex
periments in vivisection in the European
universities are supplied by and old fisher
man ot Kopenich, who, for forty-five years
past, has devoted himself to this pursuit.
Sometimes he has succeeded in catching
as many as a thousand in one night. The
traffio must be quite profitable, as the
froers sell for an average . of two to four
Salary of Commissioners.
State of North Carolina, Mecklenburg County.
I, J. W. Cobb, Clerk Board of Commissioners of
said county, do hereby certify that the following
amounts were audited by said Board to the mem
bers thereof severally, for services from tne nrst
Monday in December, 1886, to the first Monday
in November, 1887 both inclusive :
T. L. Vail, Chairman, 33 days,
R, Morris, 30 days.
260 miles travel, 5c,
H. K. Reid, 33 days,
" " 180 miles travel, 5c.,
S. H. Hilton, 31 days,"
" - 96 miles travel, 5c,
Thomas Grier, 33 days, . . $6600
" ' - J. W. COBB.
' Clerk Board Commissioners.
" Dec- 2.1887. r ' 4w , . ;
THE STAR MILLS,
Charlotte, N. C,
Manufactures best Corn Meal and Mill Feed,
and deals in all kinds of Grain.
The Mill is situated near .the Railroad crossing
on East Trade street T
W. M. CROWELL.
Nov.11,1887.. yr .
Conceited Young Men--Their Usual Fate.
There is a certain class of young men
who knows almost nothing from experi
ence, yet start in the race of life with the
moat transcedaot ideas of their own impor
tance and abilities, la their own eslima-
lion, noooay tnai ever uvea was bait so
smart as they are; and all the rest of the
rising generation are fools in comparison
with them,,. . They ; will, soon show the
world, what can ba done by their superior
BKiii in ousinesa. . aoq as ior meir tailing
in their schemes, that is quite . impossible;
they will defy the cunningest sharper to
cheat them. Just let. them alone, and
give them a fair field, and they will show
what can be done.
To whatever degree of loftiness the pre
tentions ot sucb a young man may have
aspired, it is not long before be begins .to
suspect that the world is neither so silly
nor so easily prevailed upon to 8econaTiia"
views as he imagined. Presuming upon
nis innate knowledge ot mankind in all
ineir various Classes, ne anects an excess
of liberality in his dealings. He enters
into acquaintanceship with anybody, im
plicitly give credit when sought for, and
even becomes qecurity for several of his
It is generally seen that he also reckons
with an amazing degree of confidence on
the effects of his personal appearance.
xweriDiug aoout mm is to attract uni
versal admiration, the elegant contour of
bis hair, his handsomely made coat, the
peculiarly genteel color of bis- gloves, the
graceful drop in the chain of his watch,
are all, in his estimation, to be at once
productive of envy among his competitors,
and tbe cause ot the deepest admiration
and love among all the young ladies who
have the happiness or misery to behold
him. ' . .
The conceited young man further prides
himself on his speculations in business.
He tries to carry on trade by a sort of
sleight of hand, or by being np to every
thing. Yet, somehow; he finds all will
not do. His friends turn out unsubstan
tial visions; his elegant appearance fails
entirely in gainit-g him either credit or re
spect: his means vanish in schemes which
are proved to be unutterably ridiculous,
and he at length makes the notable discov
ery that other people are just as wise and
as smart as himself. Above all, he finds
that there is no possibility of attaining
any great and profitable end without ac
commodating himself to a thousand petty
circumstances that occur, and manfully
breasting every succeeding wave of ad
versity that threatens to swallow him up.
New York Ledger.
An Animal Army.
Marvelous invaders are the lemmings.
They are near relatives of the ehort-tsiled
field-mouse and are about five inches long,
with round heads, brown fur, and bead
like eyes. Their home is in tbe highlands,
or lens, oi the great central mountain
chain ot Sweden and Norway, where they
build nests ot grass for their young, lhe
lemmings are spiteful little creatures when
aroused, sitting up on their hind legs and
fighting with a will. Not only are they
pugnacious, but extremely restless and
migratory as well; and every five, ten, or
twenty years they seem possessed with a
desire to see foreign lands. Thereupon
they one and all leave their settlements
and start out in tens of thousands, overrun
tbe cultivated tracts of land in both Nor
way and Sweden, and ruin the plants and
vegetation. They march only at night,
pressing on slowly in one straight course,
and allow nothing to disturb them. Birds
and various animals follow and prey upon
them; but notwithstanding this, they ac
tually increase in numbers, gaining recruits
as they advance. They swim rivers and
cross hills until finally they reach the At
lantic Ocean or the Gulf of Bothnia. But
still impelled by the same blind instinct
that has led it onward, the entire vast
conoourBe plunges into the sea, swimming
onward, tbe little animals piling one upon
another as they are beaten back, . until at
times their bodies have formed veritable
sea-walls. Boatmen returning to the
beach have found their way obstructed
by a struggling horde that has just reach
ed the sea. l be number ot lemmings in
these bands is beyond all computation,
Sometimes the march is kept np for three
years before the water is reached.
Why the Cbow is Black. The In
dians of the extreme Northwest had some
very remarkable legends about tbe crea
tion, in which the crow takes the leading
part, bringing order out of chaos. Per
haps the most curious was that which ac
counted for lhe raven coat of the crow,
One night, while making a tour through
his dominions, he stopped at the bouse of
Can-nook, a chief, and begged for lodging
and a drink of water. Can-nook offered
him a bed, but on account of the scarcity
ot water, reiusea to give mm anyimng to
drink. When all tbe rest were asleep the
crew got up to hunt for the water butt,
but was heard by Can-nook's wife, who
aroused her husband. He, thinking that
the crow was about to escape, piled logs
of gun wood upon the fire. The crow
made desperate efforts to fly through the
hole in the roof where the smoke was
denser and denser, and when tbe crow
finally regained the outer air he had black
plumage, it was previously wnue.
Ckkatukes of Ykstebdat. With all
his pride at oar progress, the thoughtful
student beholds with dismay the rapid
sweeping away of many animal and vege
table species which to future science
would be most precious. In bis biologi
cal address to the British Association
Prof. A. Newton lamented, as an exam
ple of what is being done, the disappear
ance of the birds of New England. In
the more thickly settled districts im
ported species alone are now to be seen,
while the natives are faBt being pushed
inland, and must soon vanish. These na
tive species are almost exclusively pecu
liar to that country, and supply a link
with the past that once lost can never be
recovered. Tbe forms of life that are be
ing killed off are mostly the ancient ones,
that must teach ns more than the recent
ones of the way life has been spread over
the globe, and Prof. Newton therefore
urges baste in gaining all possible knowl
edge of the creatures before they have
passed away. .
i i Concerning Twins.
Mr Gal ton has shown that many twins
do actually behave under simular circum
stances in almost identical manners, that
their characters often come as close to one
another as it is possible for the characters
of two human beings to come, and that
even where the conditions of later life
have been extremely different, the original
likeness of type often persists to tbe very
end, in spite of superficial variations ' in
style or habit of living.. Some ot his sto
ries, carefully verified, are very' funny. I
willupplement them by two of my own.
In one case couple of twins (men) had a
quarrel over a perfectly unimportant mat
ter. ; lhey came to very high words, and
parted from one ; another in bad blood.
On returning to their, rooms they lived
apart each of them suffered from a fit of
torse, and sat down to write a letter of
the morning post. Alterv writing it one
brother read his letter over, and, recalling
me cause ot tne quarrel, aaaea at ence a
long postscript, justifying himself and re
opening the whole question at Issue. The
other brother posted his note at once, but,
thinking the matter over quietly, after
wards regreuea ms action. again, and sup
plemented it by a Becond palinodia, almost
unsaying what he had said in the first
one. 1 saw all three letters mvself the
next morning, and was simply amazed at
their absolute sameness of feeling and ex
pression. The other story relates to a fact which
happened, not to twins, but to two succes
sive brothers extremely like one another
in build in feature, and evidently modelled
in mind and character on the self-same
mould. It is only a small incident, but
as l can vouch tor the correctness of tbe
minute details, it has a certain psychologi
cal interest of its own. They met a lady
dressed in blue whom they had neverseen
before at a military dance. Each of them
asked at onoe to be introduced to her at
first sight; each asked the same officer for
an introduction (though they had several
friends in common present) : each describ
ed her in the same way, not as "the lady
in blue (the most obvious point of ap
pearance about her), but as "the lady with
the beautiful ears;" each fell desperately
in love with her off-hand, and each asked
her for a particular flower out of a little
ooquet coutainmg iour or nve more con
spicuous blossoms. Finally eaoh came up
at the end of the evening to confide in the
same married lady of their acquaintance
their desire to see more of the beautiful
Still, even twins do distinctly diner in
some things from one another. However
much they may look alike to strangers,
they are always discriminate by those
who know them well, and even in early
childhood by mothers and nurses. Hup-
pin may always be readily distinguished
from Muppin by some slight difference of
feature ortsxpression : Hus is always a
trifle fatter or thinner than Bus, his broth
er; the two dromios and the two Anti-
pholuses may deceive tbe outer public by
tneir close resemoianoe, out not even
Shakspeare himself can make ns believe
Mrs Antipholus was really mistaken as to
the personal identity of her own husband.
I don't want to be too hard on a lady, but
I fancy myself she was glad of the excuse
for a little innocent and easily explicable
flirtation with an agreeable stranger.
Manufacturers in North Carolina.
lour correspondent had an interview
with Mr W. N. Jones, the chief of the
new Bureau of Labor Statistics. Just
now he is at work on his first report, which
will make a volume of some 350 page?, of
which 200 are completed. All this is the
first venture in a new field in North Caro
lina, and many things in the report will
be, in a Bense, revelations. The report
will embody all possible information re
garding wages of employees, matters rela
tive to industrial and farming operations,
&o. . Mr Jones said : "There are eighty
cotton-factories, which annually consume
30,000,000 pounds of the staple. Many
new factories are in course of operation.
No less than $4,000,000 is invested in these
factories, or double the amount invested
in 1880, as stated in the census returns.
ibere are 173 tooacco lactones, with an
invested capital of between $3,000,000
and $4,000,000. One factory alone has
$1,000,000 capital. The increase in tbe
capital invested in tobacco-factories shows
fully 100 per cent, increase as compared
with 1880, taking tbe census returns again
as a guide. People really do not know
how rapidly manufacturing is progressing
and developing in North Carolina. It is
really wonderlul when we contemplate
what has been done in two thirds of the
decade which began in 1881, and learn
that twice as much capital is invested in
the cotton and tobacco manufacture now
as was then invested, in other respects
similar progress has been maintained. No
such exposition, in an entirely simple and
unostentatious way, bas yet been made of
North Carolina's industrial achievement
and advancement as this report will make.
It will appear, tbe commissioner expects,
about January let.
Jdgf" In discussing bee stings, and how
to allay the pain they cause, a writer in
the American Agriculturist states that
people should know that a drop of water
of ammonia (often called "spirits of harts
horn") applied to the place will usually
afford relief for bee stings . as well as the
bite of a mosquito. If ammonia is not at
hand, a little baking soda, mixed into a
stiff paste with water, may be applied.
In the absence of both of these, apply a
plaster of mud. If no application can be
made, tbe pain will soon pass away.
Fiest Thixgs of thk 19th Cbstuet-
The first complete sewing machine was
patented by Elias Howe, Jr., in 1846.
The first attempt to manuiacture pins
in this country was made soon after tbe
war of 1812. , , .
The first steamboat plied the Hudson
Tbe first saw maker's anvil was brought
to America in 1819.
': ii i n
EST" Lieutenant Winslow bas comple
ted the surveys of the oyster bottoms in
j Dare county, and they are now ready for
Animal Intelligence. . " '
Like most people who are fond of ani
mals, the late Bayard Taylor was Very ob
servant of their habits, and has written
some entertaining iootdeuts oonoerning
them: of which tbe following are ; sam
ples: - ' ; ' :
Animals have much more capacity; to
understand human speech than' is gener
ally supposed. Hindoos invariably talk
to their elephants, and it is amaamg how
much the latter comprehend. The Arabs
govern their camels with a lew cries, and
my associates in the African desert were
almost amused whenever I addressed a re
mark to the big dromedary who was my
property for two months; yet, at the . end
of that lime, the beast evidently knew tbe
meaning of a number of simple sentences.
Some years ago, seeing the hippopotamus
in Barnum a museum looking very stolid
and dejected, -I spoke to him- in "English,
but he did not even move his eyes. Then
I went to tbe opposite corner of the cage
and said in Arabic, "I know you eome
hereto me!" He instantly turned his
head towards me; I repeated the words,
and thereupon be came to the corner wbere
I was standing, pressed his huge, ungainly
head against tbe bars of the cage and look-
ed into my face with a touching delight '
while I stroked his muzzle. I have' two
or three times found a lion who recognized
tbe same language, and the expression of
the eyes, for an instant, seemed positively
Few persons are aware of the great ef
fect which quiet speech exercises upon the
savage dog. A distinguished Jngusn
poet told me that be was once walking in
the country with Canon Kingsley, when
they passed a lodge wbere an immense
and fierce mastiff, confined by along chain,
rushed out upon him. They were just be
yond his reach, but the chain did not
seem secure. The poet - would have hur
ried past, but Kingsley, laying a hand
upon his arm, said: "Wait a moment and
see me subdue him!" Thereupon he walk
ed up to the dog, who, erect upon his
hind feet, with open jaws and glaring
eyes, was the embodiment of animal fury.
Kingsley lifted his hand and quietly said;
"You have made a mistake; you must go
back to your kennel! " lhe dog sank down
upon his fore feet, but still growled an
grily. The canon repeated his words in a
firm voice, advancing step by step as, the
dog gaye way. He continued speaking
grave reproof, as to a human being, until
he had forced the mastiff back .into ; his
kennel, where the latter silently, and per
haps remorsefully, lay down.
The extent to which a horse, also, may
be taught to understand speech, is not
generally known. The simple fact that
he likes to be talked to makes . him atten
tive to the sounds, and I am convinced
that in a great many cases be ha an - im
pression of tbe meaning.
My horse had a playful
habit of snap
ping at my arm when he
for a drive. I always talked to a horse
before starting, as a matter of common po
liteness. Of course, I never flinched, and
his teeth often grazed my sleeve as he
struck them together. One day. more.
than a dozen years ago, he was in rather
restless spirits and snapped a little too
vigorously, catching my arm actually in
his jaws. I scarcely felt the bite, bat I
was very much' surprised. Tbe horse,
however, showed such unmistakable signs
of regret and distress that I . simply said,
"Never do that again?" And he never
did. From that moment he gave op the
habit of years. He laid back his ears, or
feigned anger in other ways, but he never
again made believe to bite. This, certain
ly, goes far beyond tbe temporary sorrow
tor an unintentional injury which may be
referred to an animal's ' affection. What
else is conscience than knowledge of wrong
made permanent by a memory which for
bids the repetition of the wrong?
The Much-dreaded Grizzly Bear.
Of all the known plantigrades (flat-
footed beasts) the Grizzly is the most sav
age and tbe most dreaded, and he is tbe
largest of all, saving the presence of his
cousin the Polar bear, for which, never
theless, he is more than a . match in
strength and courage. Some specimens
measure seven feet from tip of nose to
root of tail. The distinctive marks of the
species are its great size; the shortness of
the tail as compared with the ears; the
huge flat paws, the sole of the . hind foot
sometimes measuring seven and a halt by
five inches in a large male; the length of
the bind legs as compared with the fore
legs, which gives tbe beast hia awkward,
shambling gait ; tbe long claws of the
forefoot, sometimes seven inches in length,
while. those ot tbe hind foot measure only
three, or four ; the erect, bristling mane ol
sua hair, often six inches long; tbe ooarse
hair of the body, sometimes three inches
long, dark at the base, but with light
tips, lie bas a dark stripe along tbe
back and one along each side, the hair on
his body being, as a rule, a brownish yel
low, the region around the ears dusky, tbe
legs nearly black and tbe muzzle pale.
Color, however, is not a distinctive mark,
for female grizzlies have been killed in
company witb two cubs, ot which one
was brown, tne other gray, or one dark,
the other light; and the supposed species
of "cinnamon" acd "brown" bears are
merely color variations of Urrus horribitit
I3T Experiments in aerial navigation
h&ve been conducted in New York for
several months past by Charles G. Curtis
and Francis B. Crooker, both electricians.
They have completed a contrivance that
they claim will control tbe movements of
a captive balloon. The motive power and
steering apparatus consist of a fan from
five to ten ieet in diameter, with a wide
blade of thin steel. The fan works hori
zontally, deriving its power from an elect
rio motor attached to tbe apparatus.' The
car. or basket of the balloon will be sas
pended just below the motor. The latter
weighs about 200 pounds and nas tne force
of a ten-horse-power engine. The fan will
be able to make fro ml, 5 00 to 2,000 revo
lutions per minute. It is believed that
the steel blade acting against the air at
such speed will be sufficient to steer ' the
balloon with oi against any current of
air. A practical test of this flying ma
chine is soon to be made. : .-