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THEAVlLMmGTok , MESSEHGE3. FRIDAY-.' 1
; G. SOLDIERS
Report of Committer in
Reply to Judge Chris
The Report Was Presented at the An- !
nual Meeting of the Stale Literary
and Historical Association Besides '
a Varied and Instructive Program
me of Addresses., Uic Committee's
Reply to Judge Christian's Charges
Was Read by Judge Clark Testi
mony of Eye Witnesses and Docu
mentary Evidence Offered. 1
(Special to The Messenger.) '
Raleigh, X. C.. October 18. At j
the Raney Library Building this i
evening the fifth annual meeting of the
State Literary and Historical Associa
tion of North Carolina was held, Dr. C.
Alphonso Smith, of the State University
presiding. The subject of his address j
was "The Average American." The
next event, and the feature of thi
evening of course was "North Carolina
and the -civil War," being a reply to the !
charges brought by Judge George H.
Christian of the United Confederate
Veterans of Virginia, Judge "Walter
Clark submitting the report. Professor
D. H. 'Hill, of Raleigh, spoke on North
Carolina books of this year; John '
Charles McNeill, of Charlotte ,on State
Literature, and President Venable of
the State University on its Relation ;
to iNorth Carolina Histoiy.
Among those on the stage besides
the officers were General W. R. Cox .
and Major Joseph Morehead. All the
addresses were of a high order, that
of President Smith remarkably S3. :
Mr. McNeil's paper was unique, bold, t
witty and made a decided hit. J. Y.
Joyner, in behaJf of the special com- j
mittee offered a resolution which was '
adopted raising a committee of three
to memorialize the legislature to pro
vide a fire proof building to contain
the state library and hall of history.
A resolution offered by Edward P. !
Moses was adopted to provide for the
promotion of study of local history
through county organizations. A res
olution offered by E. C. Brcoks was
adopted, urging the legislature to con
tinue the appropriation for free libra -rie
sfor rural public schools.
The committee on selection of new
officers composed of H. G. Connor, II.
A. London and Joseph Morehead re
Ported as follows: President, Robert !
W. Winston, of Durham; Vice Presi
dents A. C. Avery. William R. Cox,
Mrs. Lindsay Patterson. The report
was unanimously adopted.
Secretary Poe reported that the as
sociation had three hundred members.
THE COMMITTEE'S REPORT.
Upon the monument which this state
has erected at the west front of the
Capitol in rtaieigh in perpetual mem
ory of the ndelity to duty of the sons
she sent to the front in 1S61-3, is in
scribed the legend
"FIRST AT BETHEL.
UAST AT APPOMATTOX." .
Upon the cover of the five volumes
of -North Carolina Regimental Histo
ries lS61-'65" which, compiled by vete
rans who were actual participants in
the events they narrated, have been
published and issued by authority of
the state, there is stamped the above
words with the insertion between the
first and last lines of the following:
''FARTHEST TO THE FRONT AT
GETTYSBURG AND CHICKA
MAUGA." These claims were not made as a
matter of boast. They were merely a
.statement of historical facts, amply
supported by the testimony of eye-witnesses
and documentary evidence con
tained in the volumes in question.
There was no intention to assert that
the soldiers from .North Carolina were
braver than those from our sister
Southern States, but merely that the
fortune of war having furnished them
the occasion they were equal to the
opportunity only this, and nothing
"They saw their duty, a dead sure
And went for it. then and thar."
We also deemed that it was shown be
yond question that North Carolina fur
nished to the Confederacy more troops
than any other state. It can not be
controverted that, owing to the fore
sight, practical ability and patriotism
of our great War Governor. Zebulon B.
Vance, the troops from this state were
the best clother and shod, and the best
cared for in the Confederacy.
The above propositions, save the last
having been controverted by Judge
Christian of Virginia in a pamphlet Is
sued by authority of the United Con
federate Veterans o fthat state, the un
dersigned Committee were appointed by
the North Carolina Historical and Lit
erary society to make reply, The com
mittee met 12th May, 1904, being the
40th anniversary of a day which is for
ever memorable in North Carolina from
the valor of her sons at the deadly
'Horse Shoe" at Spottsylvanla. With a
view of placing our reply upon the tes
timony of eye-witnesses the "work was
sub-divided anl allotted as follows:
"First at Bethel. "Major E. J. Hale.
'Farthest to the front at Gettysburg.'
Judge W. A. Montgomery and Captain
W. R. Bond.
"Farthest to the front at Chickamau
ga." Judge A. C. Avery.
"Last at Appomattox," Senator Her.ry
"Number of Troops - furnished by
North Carolina and the number of kill
ed and wounded," Captain S. A. Ashe.
These articles were ready by 25 of
August, 190V another glorious anniver
sary to North Carolina Veterans, recall
ing the successful charge of Cooke's
June's and MacRae's brigades at
Reams station 25 August, 1SS4, which
wight well be styled a -North Carolina
Victory." After being carefully review
ed and corrected, these six articles have
been unanimously adopted by the com
mittee as a true and modest statement
of the matters therein severally treated
and they are herewith published as part
cf this report. . -.
Major Hale, who was at Bethel and
Indeed, continually In service through
out the war and saw Its close at Appo
mattox tells convincingly the story of
the first battle of the War. North Car
olina can well claim to have been "First
at Bethel." for this first victory for
our arms was won by her sons. Not
that she had the only troops there. Such
has never been her claim, but more
than two thirds of the soldiers present
over 800 out of the 1200 were hers and
without them the battle would not have
been fought. The moral prestige of this
first success was very great, and th!a
State justly claims credit for her
promptness in placing her troops upon
Virginia soil and repulsing the first ad
vance of the enemy. The first soldier
killed In battle was Henry L. Wyatt of
the "Edgecombe Guards," Co. "A". 1st
N. C. Volunteers (later designated by
a special Act of the General Assembly
"The Bethel Regiment") who fell at
Bethel 10 June, 1861. There is no claim
that he was any braver than hundreds
and thousands who fell ere the red cur
tain of war was rung down, but his
death shows that at the first onset the
men of this state were ready unto death.
Neither is it denied that Captain Marr.
of Virginia, was killed a few days be--fore
at Warrenton, Virginia, but that
was not In battle. Wyatl was the first
to fall in open fight, when troops met
for the first time in battle array.
That the soldiers of this state went
somewhat farther at Gettysburg than
any others in the third day's battle is
so succinctly"! and . clearly shown by
Judge Montgomery and Captain W. R.
Bond In the articles by them that it is
not necessary to recapitulate. The con
troverted point assigned us was only
as to that charge, else we could have
referred to the undisputed fact that on
the evening of the second day Hoke's
Brigade commanded by Colonel Isaat
E. Avery (who lost his-life Tti the as
sault), together with Louisianians from
Hays' Brigade, climbed Cemetery
Heights, being further than any other
troops penetrated during the three days.
The following inscriptions placed by the
Federal park Commissioners upon t'--lets
locating the "position and stating
the services of Hoke's brigade on the
second day and Pettigrew's on the third
day amply vindicate the justice of our
claim. (The - tablets also record theli
glorious services upon the other two
days which are omitted here).
2 July. Skirmished all day and at 8
p. mvith Hays brigade charged East
Cemetery Hfll. Severely enfiladed on
the left by artillery and musketry it
pushed over the infantry line in front,
scaled the Hill, planted its colors on the
lunettes and captured several guns. But
assailed by fresh forces and having no
supports it was soon compelled to re
linquished what it had gained and with
drew. .Its commander, - Colonel Isaac
E. Avery was mortally mounded leading
'PE m GR E!WS BRIGADE.
July 3. In Longstreet's assault thi?
brigade occupied the right center of the
division and the course of the charge
brought it in front of the high stone
wall north of the Angle and SO yards
further E-st. It advanced very nearly
to that 1. A few reached it but were
captured. The skeleton regiments re
tired led by Lieutenants and the bri
gade by a Major, the only field officei
Judge Montgomery and Captain W. R.
Bond were both present at Gettysburg
and the former has recently revisited
the battle-field. Their array of proot
as to the North Carolina Troops is fur
ther sustained by the map of the battle
field made by the Federal Commission
ers, after years of study of the ground
and hearing the evidence of participants
from both armies and all parts of the
country. A copy of that map 13 pub
lished with their articles. Two other
maps herein throw further light upon
that historic field.
Without trenching on the ground
covered by Judge Montgomery and Cap
tain Bond and merely as testimony of
what troops went where the red rain
of battle fell heaviest, it may be well
to recall the following facts from the
official reports: At Gettysburg 2,392
Confederates were killed and 12,707
wounded. Of the killed 770 were from
North Carolina, 435 were Georgians,
399 Virginians, 25S Mississippians, 217
South Carolinians and 204 Alabamians.
The three brigades that lost most men
were Pettigrew's N. C. (190 killed); Da
vis Miss. (180 killed) wnich had in it
one N. C. Regiment, and Daniel's N. C.
(163 killed). Pickett's entire division
had 214 killed. No brigade In Pickett's
division lost as many killed and wound
ed as the 25 North Carolina regiment,
whose loss was 86 killed and 502 wound
ed, the heaviest loss of any regiment,
on either side, in any battle during the
war. In the first day's fight there were
16 Confederate brigades of which 7 were
from North Carolina. In Longstreet's
'Assault, which has been miscalled by
some "Pickett's charge," there were 19
Virginia and 15 North Carolina regi
ments besides troops from other slates.
Judge A. C. Avery, who was a partic
ipant in the battle of Chickamauga, has
lately revisited that battlefield with a
view to writing his very graphic article
which will have a peculiar interest be
cause the deeds of North Carolina sol
diers In the Army of the West are les3
widely known among us than the dar
ing of the Veterans in the Army of
Northern Virginia in which the greater
part of troops from this state served.
Judge Avery clearly shows that the 39,
5S and 60 N. C, the one on the first day
and the others on the second day achlev
ed the farthest advance attained by
our troops. This conclusion is iurtner
sutained by the locations marked on the
map by the Federal Commissioners, ' as
having been attained by the different
troops. The map of Chickamauga ac
companying Judge Avery's article was
made under his supervision after revis
iting the field. Judge Avery states that
while these locations have been mark
ed on the ground by tablets erected not
only by the Northern States, but by
South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Ten
nessee, Missouri and other Southern
States, the highest point, that reached
by the North Carolinians, is marked
ak v.it a wnnflcn board nailed to a
j telegraph pole! 'Moved by this pathetic
i statement, the committee adopted the
I Resolution which will be found below.
Senator Henry A. London, the bearer
of the last order to-flre given at Appo
mattox, tells tersely and clearly what
he-saw and heard and is fully sutain
ed by 'the statements which he quotes
of Major General Bryan Grimes and
Brigadier General Cox who were in
command of the troops who fired the
last volley. Two other members of the
Committee, Major Hale and Judge
iMontgomery. were also at Appomattox.
fThe positions held by the troops under
Major General Grimes, who were In
the front of the army and. by whom
necessarily the last volley was fired.
(tne other part of the army under
Longs treet, which faced Grant, In our
rear, was not engaged) is shown on the
map accompanying London's article
herein. The ground was visited l Oct-
1904. by a special committee consisting
of Hon. H. A. London. Judge W. A
Montgomery, Captain W. T. Jenkins
and Mayor A. M. Powell, veterans of
that field and they were accompanied
by W. J. Peele, Esq., Chairman of the
State Historical Commission to whose
patriotism and intelligent aid your
Committee and the Confederate Veter
ans are greatly Indebted. The local
were identified and measurements taken
from which the excellent map of Appo
mattox accompanying their report was
prepared for which thanks are due to
Professor W. C. Rid dick of the A. and
The article of Hon. E. J, Hale who
commanded the 75 N. C. Regiment
(7th Cav.) at Appomattox is conclusive
that the cavalry made their last charge
very nearly about the time Cox's infan
try' fired the last volley and that shortly
before a battery of 4 guns and 50 pris
oners were captured by Roberts' N. C.
Cavalry brigade ( to which that regi
ment belonged) being the very last
capture made by that Immortal army
which had made so many.
NUMBER OF TROOPS and Losses.
Captain S. A. Ashe sustains, from a
careful examination and collection of
the records, that North Carolina fur
nished by much the largest number of
troops of any state of the Confederacy.
Lieutenant General Stephen D. Lee
(Commander in Chief of the United
Confederate Veterans), in a very recent
address at Asheville stated that "North
Carolina furnished 22,912 more troops
than any other state." If this were not
so, it redounds even more to the fame
of the state, for North Carolina lot
according to the official returns as
compiled in Colonel Fox's Regimental
Losses" over 41,000 killed and wounded
and died of disease according to "U.
S. Offic'al Records" while the Confed
erate Hand-book gives: Virginia, 5,325
killed, 2,519 died of wounds, 6.947 died
of disease, total 14,794. North Carolina,
14,452 killed, 5,151 died of wounds, 20.602
did of disease, total 40,305 a number
considerably in excajs ot that sust.ime.1
by any other Southern State.
Owing to her innate modesty North
Carolina, notwithstanding she furnished
nearly one-fifth of the Troops of the
Confederacy, fell far short o one-fifth
of the 608 generals appointed during
those four memorable years. Instead
of 120,our proportion according to troops
furnished, we had 2 Lieutenant Gener
als, 7 Major Generals and 26 Brigadiers,
a total of 35 Generals, of whom 9 were
killed in battle and seveial others were
invalided by reason of wounds. Yet w
were not lacking in material. Upon the
death of Major General Pender, a su
perb sodier. General Lee publicly de
plored that "General Pender had never
received his proper rank", and in the
opinion of the whole army, the hero of
Plymouth, that splendid soldier, Rob
ert F. Hoke, who was a Major General
at 26, merited the command of an Army
Corps; and there were many others who
deserved the rank of Major General and
Brigad'er General which was given fj
men, certainly not tneir superiors,
from states with a smaller proportion
of troops to general officers.
But it is not to her generals and les
ser officers, capaoie ana raitniui as
they were, that North Carolina should
turn with her greatest pride. With
tacit recognition of this truth, the
state has appropriately crowned the
monument raised to her gallant dead
with the statute of
A PRIVATE SOLDIER,
with belted cartridge box, and his
faithful musket in hand, on guard.
scanning the horizon, as in life, with
ceaseless watching for the fee. cen
eral A. P. Hill, of Virginia, when ask
ed what troops he preferred to com
mand, replied ''Unquestionably North
Carolinians not that they are braver
where all are brave, but brave as the
bravest, they are the most obedient to
command. It was this marked trait
which gave the troops from this state
their Pre-eminence. It was the samo
quality which gave the Roman soldier
his fame and to Rome the empire ot
the world. History shows no soldier
since who more nearly resembles the
legionaries of Caesar than the Norih
Carolina Confederate private. He dis
played, together with the same intre
pidity, the same uncomplaining endur
ance of hardship and hunger, the same
unquestioning obedience to orders, and
wherever the bravest .officer dared to
lead, there the private soldier from the
plains, the valleys and the mountains
of North Caro.ua swept on In his long
unbroken lines. They but did as they
were told to do and blushed to find it
fame. Thus it was that at Gettysburg
and at Chicamauga, on the utmost
verge of the storm swept sea of battle
if was the bodies of North Carolina's
slain that marked where highest up
the bloody wave had reached and grap
pled with the hostile shore. Thus it
was that at Bethe!, vi:l 1 ' !:i th2
moment of our first victory, and at Ap
pomattox the North Carolina line, sul
lenly retiring, fired the last volley over
the grave of the Confederacy.
But it is not only for his servicei
during those four memorable and
eventful years, that the Confederate
soldier should be remembered. His
services to his state did. not end with
the surrender. Other soldiery, demor
alized by a long war, have too often
returned to their homes to become a
standing menaca to liwfui authority.
The disbanded. Confederate soldiers at
once resumed their places as citizens.
Unseduced by the offers and blandish
ments of those who would have plun
dered the public, with nerves unshaken
by defeat, they took their stand Tor
law and order.and for good govern
ment and self government. To them
for the past forty years North, Caro
lina, more than to any other source,
is indebted for the peace and order
which has enabled the state to rebuild
its waste places and emerge from the
disasters cf a long war. In war and
in peace they have stood by their
state, faithful alike in good and evil
times, and North Carolina owes no
greater debt than to the unshaken fi
delity of him whose highest honor is
that he was a North Carolina Confed
erate Private Soldier.
One of the most gallant leaders of
the splendid soldiery North Carolina
sent to the field. Colonel R. T. Bennett
of the Fourteenth North Carolina Reg
'We did not make this claim boasfc-
ingly. The subject is far too near our
hearts for vainglory. We thought the
recital of these great events In which
our people shared so fully and to
which they gave free oblations of blood
not amiss if perchance the glow ' of
enthusiasm lingered over them. We
believed our statements supported by
indubitable evidence, chief est the tes
timony of the faithful who traversed
these fields and marked with their
corpses the sad story of the death and
sacrifice of our hopes. We disdain to
extol our soldiers as excelling in valor .
the men cf Virginia or Burpasadnff
the grandeur of thel sacrifice ana
towardlinesa thesre Knight of Chiv
alry. . . . :e . " ;
The trophies? erected to fhosa TrTni
sprung to Immortal renown from the
scene of great actions are not Inscribe i -with
poverty of praise such Is not
the hymn of the ages. ,
Our citizens, crowding to the frmt.
and carving fame crj :ne Kuih Ved
to pallor, conquered th i jghest c:gy
ever moulded by the lips of man. Upon
these fields where we have staked out
our claims 'n h? 'Meita guUh, tne
Lottery of Battle favored our soldiers
and they writ the story God has in Ms
Movd by the above recited statement
of the neglect to mark on the battl?
field of Chicamauga the position eo
proudly- and hardly won by North Car
olina troops, the following resolution :
was unaniraoutfjy a?pid by the com
mittee. On motion of Walter Clark:
"Resohred. That Major E. J. Hale. '
Judce W.- A. Montgomery. Judge A.
C Avery and Captain S. A. Ashe arc
hereby appointed a committee who
shall prepare a. bill and lay it before
the next General Assembly with the
request that it shall auoot tie same,
which bill shall Provide for th x;.icir.s
of enduring but inexpensive tib:ets
under the direction of the FeJernl
Pjcjc commissioners at Iet;viurg. !
ihii.srhursr and ChV.i ii::igi. to pre
serve the location cl the .NV.rth C.oo
lina toops at the triiicil mom?Ms on
these historic baitlofie.dr ad U
Mirk where Wyitt fel: in the moment
c; thi first victory ur Bethel and the
spot where the last Confedcue vol cy
rmz out the falling cause at Ap;.G-mattx"
A sbove stated we assort i'o su
pr'nacv in valor for North Carolina
troopf It was thiir fortune le to
ti'C f:ont at the flr3t v.ctory und at
thj closing scen, and to ride on tbe
tie.'t at the critical moment of Ihc two
gitat critical battles east ard we.i.
On these ocss'on?, as on all thers,
tlv.y krew how to do thoir duty. Thcs
dctcTs deserve cormi -montim, though
thce who earned this fame sought
c.aly duty's iron crowr, and but to do
tin work that lay before ihcm. V t!,
theji;. as with the sons of inis state
in every great strugl?, the mjrjx-e has
b?ei duty, not disp'jiv, or as char
acteristic of our people !i:;s l.een teis-e-y
c'J:nmed up in ;he motto of o. i
"Es-e quam videri."
Vith these rtioies and (his review
a rA endorsement of their truthfulnrs.
by tl o entire com:.uf ;ee, our last duty
to cur comrades ,s done. Genera tic-i
after generation of men shall pass by
and the greatest events shall losj
their importance as empires shall fa'i
and the world shall change Its masters
in never eniin.r suggestion. What .'vis
been Is that which shall be. But while
the world stands man shall not .cease
to honor the memory of those who
knew how to die for country so loffg
as humanity cxn furnish :np.n wiling
and worthy to follow their example.
WALTER CLARK.. Chairman,
EDWARD J. HALE.
WALTER A. MONTGOMERY.
WILLIAM R. BOND.
ALFONSO C. AVERY,
HENRY A. LONDON,
SAMUEL A. ASHE.
Raleigh, N. C.
18 October, 1904.
M'CUETRIAl HOW OH.
OCT OF SPECIAL VENIRE NINE !
JURORS WERE OBTAINED. !
Another Venire of Fifty Men Will be !
Summoned from Richmond An j
ImKrtant Witness for the State
Cannot be Located The Prisoner .
Appears in a Good Humor. !
Charlottesville, Va, Oct. 18. The
case of former Mayor McCue, chars- !
ed with wife murder, was called for
trial today. Soon after the opening of i
the court it was announced that W. O. j
Durrette, an Important witness for the f
commonwealth, was absent from the
city. Captain Micah Woods, who Is
assisting the prosecution, said that
Mr. Durrette wag an essential witness.
It was stated that Mr. Durrette.
when last heard from was in Ronce
vert, W. Va. Mr. Lee, of counsel foi
the defense, stated that they were
anxious to go on with the case and
that if Captain Woods cared to dis
close what he expected to prove by
Mr. Durette, he thought it very prob
able the defense would agree to admit
it. Captain Woods did not make
the disclosure but said that he had
sent several telegrams after the wit
ness and would like a little time to
ascertain the result of these messages.
Without disposing of the question the
court took a recess until afternoon.
A large crowd was in attendance
within the court room when the cas i
was called. The special venire from
Petersburg, from which a jury will
be drawn to try the case, was present.
Mr. McCue when he came into court,
was affectionately greeted by his chil
dren, all of whom were present except
Samuel. His young daughter cried
bitterly while eeated on her father's
Comment was made on the fact that
Mr. Durrette, the chief witness should
have gone to Poncevert. where the
children of the accused were taken
several weeks ago and from which
city they returned on yesterday.
The afternoon session of the couii
was consumed in the examination of
the fifty veniremen from Petersburg,
and out of the city alone r.Ine Juros
were obtained. A number of the Pet
ersburger's declared that they would
not convict on circumstantial evidence.
At the conclusion of the eesslon the
city sergeant of Charlottesville let
hurriedly for Richmond, where he will
tomorrow morning, summon fifty more
veniremen to serve in this case.
The striking feature of the trial today
was the fact that several of McCue's
borthers. who were In the court room
with -him, kissed him a number of
times. The prisoner Is said to have
returned to jail this evening whistling
Capt. Ij .C Jones Here.
Capt. L. C. Jones, of Florence. S.
d, Atlantic Coast Line conductor on
the Florence-Augusta route, came in
yesterdayxIn charge of the pay train,
and will leave this mornlnr on the
early train south in order to resume
his regular service. He was a wel
come visitor at The Messenger office
last night . . v .Jl
(Continued From First Pag?.)
Japanese are. concentrating at Sin
chinpu, but the most important infor
mation Is the fact that the Russian
right Is being extende4 westward, the
center of the r'ght being now facing
Sinchlnpa. This may have been nec
essary in order to protect Kuropatkln's
right, or. If the offensive Is Imminent,
for the purpose of, in conjunction with
an advance of the center, cruinpilns
up both of General Oku's flanks and
driving him towards the Shakhe river.
Other signs of the offensive are notice
There has been slight forward move
ment of the left upon the Gentsiaputxe
roads from (Mukden and -Fushun. No
big movement however. Is poss'b'.e pen
ding the drying ofthe roads.
Details of how a detachment of
mounted Cossacks accomplished a dar
Ing exploit last night, raiding south
from Shakhe actually penetrat'ng th
Japanese lines and dragging back two
Japanese field guns, have not been
given out. Strange to say the general
staff still says It Is absolutely with,
out information of the Yamada affair.
Another correspondent reports that
during the advance of the left early last
week forty Japanese with five offlcer
were surrounded in a Chinese village,
but only five cf them surrendereJ, ;he
remainder committed suicide.
The village of Maiatung Is reported ta
have been destroyed by the fire of a
Russian mortar battery posted in th
The hospitals at Mukden continue to
be crowded to overflowing. Thft
wounded are still being sent north a
rapidly as possible by train.
TWQ JAPANESE GUNS CAPTURED.
St. Petersburg. October 19. General
Sakaharoff telegraphs at midday todaj"
that the Japanese are concentrating at
SInchinu, west of the railroad.
A detachment of Russian cavalry re
connoitering last night in the v'clnitj
of Shakhe captured two Japanese j,in.v
with no losses to themselves.
The general adds that last night pass
ed quietly, with the exception of the
exploits of the Russian cavalry and
says the Russ'an left flank has advanc
JAPANESE ATTACK REPULSED.
St. Petersburg, October 19. The em
peror has received from General Kuro
patkin under date of October 18, tht
"During the night, the Japanese at
tacked our advanced positions at Loa
Tree hill but they were repulsed. No
reports have been received of any o'h-.r
engagements. Everything was quiet at
all our positions up to 10 o'clock thU
morning. Rain fell all night and the
roads have been greatly damaged."
FATjL OF PORT ARTHUR 'BELIEV
ED TO BE IMMINENT.
Tokio, October 19. 4No reports from
the Japanese Manchurian headq aartcr
were received either last night or iodjty
and as a consequence it is assumed
here that inactivity has followed th
abortive Russian assaults of Monday
The Russian concentration in front
of the armies of Generals Oku and
Nodzu (the left and center respectively)
on Monday, reported by Field Marshal
Oyama, created the impression herc
that the Russians were planning to as
sume the aggressive and that another
great battle was imminent, but It ts
now thought that General Kuropatkin
is merely seeking to protect his right
and rear in order to gain time, to with
draw his army across the Hun river,
because It is believed it would be impos
sible for h'm either to move aggressive
ly against the Japanese or to hold his
position on the. Shakhe river. Figure
shov.'ng the Japanese losses since Oc
tober 10ih are still Incomplete, as in t!e
count of the guns and other Russian
property captured by the Japanese.
Figures showing the losses to the Rus
sians are likely incomplete.
There is a popular impression here
that affairs at Port Arthur are reaching
a crisis and it is believed that the end
is only a question of days.
ARTILLERY DUEL fN PROGRESS.
Tok'o, October 19. 4 p. m. Manc.its
rian headquarters, telegraphing yester
day afternoon says.
"The conditions in front of the main
strength of the right army show r.o
considerable changes. The forces of the
enemy, which had been driven fron
Bennsihu, mainly retreated toward
Kaiotia pass. The enemy's forces Ii
front of the right army appears to be
diminishing, but the activity of h'
small force continues.
There has been no considerable dam
age in front of the center army. The
enemy tried several attacks on th
night of October 17th, but were repuls
ed every time. Today only an artillery
duel is in progress;
"The enemy in front of the left arm
is occasionally but indirectly sheil'ng
our positions. The enemy stopped im
mediately in front of our positions ai a
distance of from 600 to 1,000 metres ani
is fortifying his positions. The enem
that opposed the left detachment of our
left army has halted at a line embrac
ing Mengtapao. Sanchiatzu and Hang
chiatal and is fortifying his positions."
JAPANESE FALLING BACK-
(Mukden. October 13. 5 a. m. Yes
terday passed off quietly. No firing
was heard last night. The Japanese
anoear to be slowly falling back. A
glare seen above their encampments
may indicate that they are burning
their stores prior to withdrawal. -
J This morning broke chilly but clear.
(As soon as tne roaas are aryer a re
sumption of the battle is probaole, as
the Russians everywhere are in close
touch with the Japanese. '
A RUSSIAN -BATTALION ALMOST
j London, October 20- According -io the
'Standard's correspondent with Genera!
, Kuroki who telegraphs under date" of
; October ISth a Russian battalion which
crossed the Taitse river baa been al
; most annihilated. While retiring over
a portoon brigade, the correspondent
Kays, the battalion was overtaken by .
regiment of Japanese cavalry, which
got lis machine guns into position and
sivept the hridge from end to end.
RUSSIANS WEARING CHINESE
Toklo, October 15. p. m. The Japx
nese government decided today to draw
the attention of the Russian govern
ment to the unlawful action of Russian
troops in using Chinese costume. The
notice will be served through the Amer
ican state department, which will
transmit through the American embas
sy at St. Petersburg..
A memorandum Issued by the foreign
office says that on October i a Wdy of
Infantry, belonging to the Russian thlra
regiment of sharpshooters, wfarfng
Chinese costumes, attacked the Japa
nese forces on the Mukden road and
that Russians similarly clad approaches
the Japanese lines and attempted sur
prises. Different reports received, it n
charged. Indicate that the Russians
are purchasing enormous quantities of
Lnrsc Gathering In Armory Power
ful Campaign Addrcn Alarm of
Fire I-xtrn Pawengev Train Ser
vice. (Special to The MessTer.)
Fayetteville, October JS. At 11:16
o'clock Chif Marshal C. J. Cooper
formed the Glenn procession in front
of -the court house on Gilliprle street,
headed by the Holt-Morgan cornet
band and made up of a cavalcade of
horsemen, citizens in carriages, bug
gies, etc. Hon R. II. Glenn was
seated in a splendid open phaeton,
drawn by two beautiful white horeea
from the Burns ytaMeri of which Mr.
In gold is manager. The parade tra
versed the principle streets to the
armory, corner of Hay and Maxwell
streets, where Mr. Glenn was grace
fully introduced by Mr. J. G. Shaw to
an audience which taxed the seating;
capacity of the main body of the hall
and Its galleries', one of the largest
assembly rooms In the state.
Notwithstanding the arduous labors
of the campaign. Hon. R. B. Glenn
was In fine physical condition and
Bplondld voice, and for nearly two
hours made an address which very
powerfully and eloquently covered
the broad field of both national and
state politics. Even at that hour of
the day, the busiest of the twenty-four
he held his great audience by the
absorbing interest of his themes and
the" surpassing force with which he
handled them from, the beginning to
Hon. G B. Patterson, memben of
congress for this district, who ppoke
yesterday at Dunn, was among tho
distinguished citizens on the -peaker'a
The extra train between Richmond
and Fayetteville made its first trip
yesterday leaving at 5 o'clock In tha
morning, with fourteen passengers
an encouraging start. This train not
only puts Fayetteville In clo jn&
quicker connection with Richmond
and points on north, but aLso with
Raleigh, tlreensboro and other lead
ing towns of the state.
At 11 o'clock today there was an
alarm on account of a reported lire on
the fourth floor of the beautiful Hotel
IaFayette, which fortunately was un
founded. Hose wagon No. 1 was In
front of the hotel In. one minute and
45 seconds after the first alarm tap,
and wagon No. 2 not far behind It.
Yesterday the son, aged 14 years,
of Mr. W. W. Capps, who runs a cot
ton gin at Wade station, was caught
In the beiting of the machinery, in-,
juring him so seriously that Drs. J.
V. McGongon and If. A. Mc5?waln
found It neceeary to amputate his
WORK OF AX IXCENDIAUY.
Mr. W. A. Unekers Barn Wa Burned
Early Yesterday Morning Total
Ixws Was About 9700.
Mr. W A. Llneker. who owns a val
uable farm on the Castle Haynes road
about 3 miles from the city, had the
misfortune early yestedray morning
to lose his bam in which was stored
a large quantity of forage and also
some valuable farming utensils. The
total loss Is estimated at 1700 with
$200 of insurance.
The barn was located only a short
distance from Mr. Llneker's residence
and yesterday about 4 o'clock Mrs.
Llneker was awaked by a noise in the-
direction of the barn and upon look
ing out of the window discovered that
the barn was a mass af flames. Mr.
Llneker rushed from the house and
ran to the barn to save whatever ha
could. There war a fine cow in the
barn and she was driven out and he
also succeeded in pulling his buggy3
out but by this time the fire had
gained such headway that he had to
retreat from the building. He soon
saw he would have a difficult time to
prevent his residence, from burning.
The kitchen 'was tho nearest to the
barn and this caught afire several
time-, but fortunately there was a bar
rel of water sitting near the houser
or It would have been destroyed.
. Mr. Llneker was painfully burned.
He did not have time to put on his
shoes and hSsr feet were burned and
his face and hands were blistered.
The house was damaged to the extent
of about $150, but this was fully cov
ered by Insurance.
The bam that waa burned was a
building 65 by 28 feet in size and was
only recently erected. Mr. Llneker's
horses were in another barn some
little distance from the feed barn. The
barn . was burned almost to the
ground before any of the neighbors
arrived. Mr. Llneker I -positive that
it-was the work of an Incendiary.
By the way, where Is that presidential
candidate who is credited to Atlanta T
If he possesses -the Atlanta spirit" hell
smoke-up. Atlanta constitution.