Newspaper Page Text
RSON GOLD LEAF,
SU PPL EM ENT.
I 'SI a
3 m. H ILw
From H. E. C. Bryant,
Correspondent, to the
Charlotte Observer, Giving the
Result of His Personal Obser
vation and Investigation in
That Section of the State
Where the Negro is in the Ma
jority and Rules.
.mVANT iiOFS TO THE EAST. earth cracks open and swallows about
Mtt. BUYrtrll uvir-c M.OOO negroes.
charlotte Observer. Bept. 1, 1898.
The observer ha published much
fr,.m eonesponde.Ui and contempora
,i..s concerning th. condition of affairs
politicall- in Eat North Carolina.
We know upon the kept authority that
IU only has there been no exaggera
tion in these puWlentions, but that the
half las not fceea told. Yet, with the
view of giving or people the truth at
hands, and fron a source won.,
will doubt, we last night started
Mr. II. K. O. Bryant, t the staff of The
Observer, to the Bast, with instruction
to learn the fact for himself and in his
writing to extenuate nothing nor set
Juwn aught In malice. The instructions
were unnecessary, liowever, for there
is no individual. paer r political party
for which he could be induced to tell
or write a lie. Mr. Bryant will travel
the Kast pretty thoroughly, and will
picture it as it i. He will be prepared
to verify his Btn.terr;?ts and the public
may accept them. If political condi
tions In the Kast are not as bad as they
have been represented, it is due the
LOOKS LIKE A NEGRO WRITING
SCHOOL. Come and go with me to the county
court house of Craven and see what is
there to be seen any day in the week.
To glance at the place as a whole you
would at first take it to be a negro
writing-school. The first office to the
right belongs to the sheriff and his
crew of deputies. Joseph L. ilahn a . st.huoi committeemen
The V,mpire That Hov r: Over North Carolina.
white man with a black heart, is the j
Courts, is the city attorney. Judge P.
Stanley, colored, is constable of this
township. He has arrested a number
of white ladies and taken them to ne
gro magistrates for trial since coming
A PLAGUE OF NEGRO OFFICIALS.
In the township there are three ne
gro road overseers George Cooper, A.
B. "Koonce and C. II. Smith. Each has
white men to work the roads under
Craven countv has twelve negro
H. C. Dawson, J.
Petlipher, T. L.
A. Dixon, Jr., V. D.
snerin. By nis sine are iour negro ce- i Moore james Hargett, W. F. Morgan
puiy snernrs: .voruiern a. luuu, vvuu is , Nero (",.oom, John It. Holland, Jesse
Brooks, Robert L. Davis, W. AY. Law
rence and R. W. Williamson.
The colored police force of Newbern
are: Isaac Richardson. R. C. Baker,
Henry Pasteur, A. A. Bryant and
Robert Moseiey. These fellows do not
give much trouble. They serve in the
bla.ck precincts. It is the colored mag
istrates that do the work here, anyway.
The mayor's court is a slim .affair.
Craven countv has her share of
Ami now in this convention. we
truth and the party in powei mn have again pressed the button, and
should be known- If they are as bad, or , hold, C. C. Roach, for county treasurer,
.houi.i te Known. mrj ne before vou. and with the past ana
then surely all the State ought j present before us, what sall the future
tn know, beyond
possibility of questioning. Mr. Bryant ; Republicans.
is hat is. Those who know him will ac
also the jailer; J. H. Fisher, Wallis
Pettipher. J. E. Payne and C. E. Phy
sic. There are other negro deputies
throughout the county. Not a white
man is on the list,
THE NEGRO ' PRESSING THE BUT
TON." Two doors below the sheriff's office.
and to the left, is the register of deeds :
John B. Willis, colored. He has for j
his clerks two negroes A. W. Wether- 1 nesTO justices of the peace. There are
ington and one of his own brothers, j 27 of them. They are: H. E. Dawson,
Wetherington is the negro that made a 1 y. D. Pettipher, Jesse P. Godett, E. W.
bombastic speech in the Republican j Fisher, David Ambrose. Dock Cooper,
convention here the other day. Being ; Abraham Denis, Alonzo Pelham,
elated over the progress the negro has Washington Spirev, James R. Hooks,
made in Craven county within the last; Albert Foreman, Alexander Pelham, A
few years, he pictured in glowing terms , a. Bryan, Lewis Ham. W. W. Law
what the negro was now able to Co. ' rence, Robert G. Moseley, Thpmas O.
Among other things, he said: I White, John B. Willis. AI. W. Chap-
"In 1S96, we pressed the button and man, W. H. Green. W. H. Burton, Fred
behold John B. Willis, register of deeds, Douglas. L. W. Eubanks. Dennis Per
kins, Frank Rasberry, John A. Boons,
W. A. Rountell.
"PROF." ISAAC H. SMITH.
Prof. Isaac H. Smith, Republican
candidate for the legislature from this
county, is the greatest freak of na
ture that this campaign has brought
out. He is a negro, a politician, a money-lender
and a swell "society' man.
Trulv he is the Mark Hanna of this
section; the Shylock of Newbern, and
me Beau Brummel of the negro popu
lation of North Carolina. In the "so
ciety" world he has measured swords
came forth! Again we pressed the
button and Robt. Moseley, county com
missioner come forth! We pressed the
button and deputy sheriffs came forth!
We pressed the button and magistrates
j ii-- . e-ive to ns?"
a doubt, oeyonu w.e - Thg meRnt for & &t thg whUe
The negroes want all.
TVitiv ch.-inlrl Vi i i ' 'i ! i f hp F?er.llhliesi n - i ' . . , ... . i .
. i. . : v.,, 1 " - 1 wiin iiHiiise 1 1 . v iiiie. ine iietiiu v 1 1 1 1 -
not go to nna oui wu.ti hui, "it(artv r.,n EPt nere. for there are but1 ... r .i a-,,.-,, ,i
tha: they may.
party can get here
about white Republicans in tne npvt v-ear he claims that he will be on
niinf r l.i . c c , ,.. . i .. . . : .1
. ,i me lull 101 uiigicsss. ne iws istwoiicu
opt unreservedly What he senas, ana Aa & ,pecjai forCe to list the taxes for the toughest of dead-beats, and he has
we : ssure those wb o not knew him the register are three negro bucks on outwitted the shrewdest of politicians.
uir peconu lioiu m me iuui i uuue, pic- , ir-roressor Miiun wieias a iacne pen ana
paring the tax list. j uses an oily tongue. Trulv, he ts a
Hahn and Willis are candidates for very smart negro. He is unique in looks
sheriff and register, respectively, in this an in character. In business he can
campaign. fleece the jiertest of men. Alanv are
THE CANDIDATES FOR CLERK. the men that he has skinned alive. True.
t ho Tj.n,,KM,.,n ,.nnvti,,n h.M he has done deeds of kindness. He was
the following , ne Vanre monument fund. He did it
utri au?c v .ill, r iiuu nvunru i ' ' i in, edu
cational interest of the negro.
I saw Professor Smith at his office.
the case had abused his privilege Jn
using the following language in ad
dressinf the jury:
"The defendant was such a scoundre:
that he was compelled to move his trial
from Jones countv, where he was
known." And, again: "The bold, bsazen
faced rascal had the impudence to write
me a note yesterday, begging me noi
to prosecute and threatening me that
f 1 did lie would get the Legislaturt
o impeach me." Seventy-fifth North
Carolina Reports, 306.
lie was auin convicted and appeal
d to the Supreme Court and was al
eil a new trial on th? ground of tin
ariance between the bill of indictment
ml the evidence expressed by the Su
neir.e Court as follow m-.
" n the trial of an indictment for for
'vry charging the 'i.-l'eniint for hav
ng forced an ord-r f r $oJ7. Evidenc
Yrt th? d f 'iifl:: lit had for,"d an ordei
or an other aioounl (th two orders
.: evidence in this case being for $i
nd $o(l.2T, l espeetiveiy) is not admis
sible." Seventy-eighth North Carolina
"ATITH'S OWN P.ACE ABOAIINATEt
Smith has b -n indicted for skinning
. ('pie in vai ions w ays. Some Unit
ast year Congressman Geo. H. White,
oiored, had some newspaper contro
versy with Smith. After accusing Smith
of erasing his (Smith's) name off of a
note on which he was co-endorser with
v'hite, the latter said, among other
"In conclusion, Mr. Editor, permit me
fo say that I may not be the "social
-qual of a man who has been convicted
nd sentenced ty the penitentiary for
." : z:-y- 1 may not be the 'social equal'
of a fellow who has cast off his lawful
.vife and innoeent children, who are
now struggling for existence In another
State, while the father and the hus
band is trying to buy his way into the
society of decent people. I do not wish
to be the 'social equal' of a man who
has been indicted for forgery and come
into court while I was a solicitor and
begged me to allow him to put in a
plea of nolle condendere, and let him off
by paying the cost to escape the peni
"But. why need I go further? The
dockets of Craven county will tell the
rest. . .
IMm FEARFUL PiiGHI
Cor. of the Charlotte Observer.
had not. and further staUd that the
only conversation that he had had
ut it w as one dav when Chapman
and Constable Stanley tailed at his
house and asked if he knew anything
about the tiKht between the defendant
and Lucy Francks. He told them that
N?wbern. Sept. 6.-Newhern is rursed Je knew that they had had a fuss, but
! he didn t see it.
.vith negro magistrates. As Wilmington- Tlie defendant then flied said affidavit
for removal. The court asked O'Haia
Stall It Last Longer In North
or. uf The Charlotte Observer.
NEWBERN. N. C, Sept. 6 The
h'nds of the county f Craven are
Kii.ong the most fertilt in the country.
1 oi the last deoada taouands f iol
worth of truck ksve been sold tn
Uir Newborn market Iands that wjre
ti-. ons:.ired warthis fcave !ve
r T.verted fom awarP4B to productive
I,-Ms. ilowtver. 1 t" lust year r
to. ir.i. truckinir kuiiiwf has aot pro
: I. d us rapidly a it kade fair to
C. e.uc ago. There bs beta an
sin, .. piated befor th wh-el
The pei p'e that oonapoeed the pofta
- .11. iiiH-.iu.i;:tiK to abut 4,0, are 2,0'
. ;...e m.d "J.M'O odord iieeiile. Ther
. -re i.ot bitter neople thin the white
pie of ( raven county
""(od forbid that I should ever be the
social equal' of a man who lives by
-kinning the poor, gullible unsuspecting
people of the community where he
Congressman White is not the only
neero that has roasted Smith. Every
body in this town knows of his mean
ness. This is the man that will go to the
Legislature from this county.
A STURDY BAND OF DEMOCRATS.
The Democru t of (Vnvpn pimntv o r&
seasoned carpet-bagger. Of all the can- booking fellow answering to the de- ! active men. They are on the alert to
fliaaies in tne neiu ne is ine most ae pprjptiun of Smith, told me that he was . see that their rights are
r,,r caih ue njeu iui not in. I then asked when he would
negro woman an.i u.aay sne nas a b and ,vas tf)(l that it would be the
here a tewv weeks ago
ticket was nominated:
For clerk of the Superior Court, E.
W. Carpenter, a white man. I would
aii.e. i,e an i.e,,, ,.. uimi , Tne first time J calle( J afiked : "Is
mail m. oe ju. vaipenie, xie k, an u,u Smith; jPaac pmith, in?" A big, burly-1
They are of
i)," 1,, st class (t men and women. The
-! :i,i.''iiju nt and kind-heai ted. But
within the last two years they have
i'l- n thrown from power and a low
lass of white mn and :iegro xoliti-
ixi.s put in their (dead. That is why
t:e eounty is not what it once bade
'v n to be. The class of white men
:';;!( belong to the Republican party
m this part of the State are not as
-'.Mhi as the average negro. Some of
the negro officers here are well mean
'"" l; i ii hut tti, v- riie nut eomneteilt.
ue h.;Vi.Il"l.' the
U of the i.inniuu-S4'ti-t,
1 .ii .1 crowd. Unless thei(-
'. : v.
m v done within a year or two ine
1,,-., will fall 1ot in value.
house full of childrne that every good
man in the county who knows him and
his career would say are his. It is a
notorious fact. In former days Car
penter was a pension agent. But he
lias been disbarred from the practice
before the Pension Department on ac
count of fraudulent practices. He now
net as agent through a negro named
E. D. Cox. This is the character of the
mnn who is going to be elected to the
offire nf clerk of the court in this
Dr. W. L. I.assiter, a negro, is the
present rororer of Craven county, and
he wa nominated the other day for
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS ROACH
The man Christopher Columbus
Roach, referred to in the speech of
Wetherington as being nominated for
treasurer f the county, is a saloon
keeper. He is a thoroughbred negro.
The white lady school teachers that
teach in Craven county next year will
nve to draw their pay from Roach.
He is goim; vo be elected.
The standard-keeper of the county is
James Dudl -y. oolored. And for county
surveyor nobody was nominated. There
is not a Republican m the county that
is capable of being M:rv-tyor. R. P. Wil
liams. John Riddle ind Bob Moseley,
colored, ate the commissioners of the
county. This town his ten councilmen.
sevt n of whom are Vhite and three
vr"" colored. Five of the white men were
?!S?4jj.T.p,.inted by Gov. lusseii nnd the
ivere elected. . i i--.i'
ijnes E. Shep-
next day at 10 o'clock. I left at once
and returned at the time named. I
found the same man in the ehair behind
the desk, but this time asked if "Pro
fessor" Smith was in. He said: "Yes.
he is in. "I am 'Professor Isaac Smith
The trouble before was that I had no.
called him '"professor."
"I have heard that vou were com
ing down from the ticket here in
Craven county. Is there any truth in
it?" His reply was:
"'Who are you?"
I told him. He then offered me a
chair and began to talk. He said:
"No. I am not coming d' v. n unless the
1 people want me to. They nominated me
ami they can take me down if they
wish to do so. But I am going to run,
and I am going to be cl-cted."
In conversation Smith :s a very enter
taining talker. He is smart. shrew d and
mean. Many of his own people curse
him for his method of doing business.
He lends money and charges outrage
ous rates of interest for it. For in
stance, he loaned a negro man $'.) and
made him pay $1 a week for it t!ll the
principal was paid back; and in this
rase the time was over six month?. He
has let out J10 and collected as much as
$3. for it. These are h'ff meth Is. In-
l.-ed. he is the boss usurer of th-? State.
He looks at everything from a birsiness
standpoint. He wns heard to s;'y the
other" day that this Republish busi
ness was like a stock company. The
white Republicans were ta'kinp of tak
ing him down. He said: '"This is a stock
Th Tiero has !i". p. r cent.,
and the wni'e man 5 H-r cent. Who
shrill say what I arn sinar to do'-"
THE PEN. CHEATED OUT OF SMITH
Smith has been -convict d before 1h-
, ... ... . :,!.., -.MV. nnt muue u nirn. a
Willie . .v,:t- 1 . ...., ,.-!..-. h'
,,1.1 i,v -i few- incompeieni wimc a oarinw". ...... ....
ivded b a f,w nc, i at 1 court for selling whiskey on
;i ana ii'-i" - uo . -1 r,cr,tr r
sent the case s-em. a hopeless oi.c ana r.n , - ' ' n r'anl' 1 rLes. forpery. but on aooonnt
e iio av to preTrai n - 1 - - us? tne soiicrtor in prosecutiag
Truly, it can be said that they fight
every inch. It is a plucky set. They
aie well posted on the misdeeds of the
crowd that now governs .them. And if
it ever comes to a conflict to a finish
the best men of the town and county
will come out victors. They are out
numbered, but they will still have cour
age and determination.
Where this reign of incompetence and
insolence goes on the middle class af
whites are the ones that suffer at the
hands of insulting negroes. And. too.
it can be said, as a rule, that it is not
the well grown negroes that are guilty
of gross inn"id-nce. It is the ngro
youth that giv th troubl'
lire several ca?s where white girls
have been shove. from the sidewalks.
' n cas" that took pice just the day
before I carr. here is hard to be!iv
but the facts ar known Uj he genuine.
A young lady of good family met on
th.' si lew; !: three nsro boys. Sh
was forc d to the fnre and ihen she
was struck by or." of th n2Tfs as
they passed. Beine thus inu'td. fhe
tiin.-d and md sor.e remarks, where
upon th ri'-.Ti turned around and
s'app.-d her in the fice. ?uch a thine
!-. !! n-'d hnrr'n in the wei:ern part
,f tl Stn. No-' -rt wa dor by t
.,..,ty jn p -.wr her. Kin'lr'd raa
occur fr-n'iTt"y. No on is efe frora
tl," ins.'-r.r f; thi crowd of Tourp
ri.''T -s. r-f" eo by ine th nerra
in p'-r-r h -. It i th sm
tory srive th rrrn th- moj.ity ar5
he keem offanaiTa and uaru'.y.
s in the hands of an incompetent, in
o!ent police force, so Newbern is in
he hands of insolent and incompetent
,;egro magistrates. Craven county is in
1 deplorable condition. There are in the
ounty about :2,t;00 Democrats and 2.SD0
tepublieans: of the latter number
here are but 0:1 white men. So the
ounty. at present, seems doomed. The
legroes can do as they please, as far
.s numbers count. In this town there
re ten negro justices of the peace. Four
'f them. Douglas. Chapman, Green and
.iryan, are very active. They keep run
ners out all the time to pick up every
ittle case. No day passes that there
re not at least a dozen trials in the
own. It does not differ about the color
if the parties in question in the least.
The justices of the peaioe are after the
Here are some samples of what the
negro magistrates of Newbern are do-
ng. Some time about the middle of
ugust two negro women, Lucile West
irook and Lucy Francks, had a fight.
N'o licks were passed. Two negro Jus
Mces of the peace, Fred Douglas and
M. W. Chapman, issued warrants in
lenendent of each other for both,
Fred Douglas, a former pension
agent, but now debarred from practic
ing before the pension department on
xrcount of fraudulent practices, tried
che cases against the women and con
victed them. This was on the 11th of
Ausrust. The judgment was simply an
affray, and the women satisfied it.
Lucile Westbrook was required to give
,1 $100 justified bond to appear before AI.
W. Chapman, justice of the peare. She
appeared at the appointed time, and in
formed him that she had been fined for
the same offense before Douglas, but
asked him to hear her case at once.
Ihouf h it was the time set for the trial,
the justice said he was not ready for
trial, a9 the State's witnesses were not
all there. In a few minutes all the
witnesses named by Chapman were on
the snot. The defendant demanded a
trial, but the court refused, saying that
she would have to wait until 2 o'clock
p. m. It was then 5 a. m. Chapman
required her to give a second justified
bond for her appearance at 2 o'clock.
The warrant that she was arrested
on did not show who was the inform-'
tnt on which it was issued. The d-l
fendant and her counsel demanded the
name of the person giving the informa
tion. Thereupon the court said that he
did not care to give the name of the in
formant, but the information was given
on oath by one of the State's witness.
Th defendant then tendered to the
court an affidavit in due form for re
moval to another justice for trial and
requested Chapman to swear her to
the affidavit and remove the cause
under the statute to some other jus
tice of the peae for trial. The court
refused to swear the defendant to th
cause, but ordered th case continued
till 2 p. ro. The defendant went horn
without having giv-n bond for hr ap- the anger
pearanc in the afternoon. Shortly v.-
thereafter she was arrested by the
ngro constat)'. J. P. Stanley, of this,
ti.e eighth, township, and brought b
for the magistrate. Sh was put in
custody of a s-cia! officer appointed
Chapman and o-drd ta rrnain in
of said officer untd 2 o'clock.
off-red a r
curity to ap-
There in f,f th tri ll. ?h
cogmzanc with solvent i
t"ar at 2 o'clock, wh'ch- was r'u"!
The murt finally ccejitr Justified
bond for her appearance. At th ap
P"intd hour she .-'PI'-ard with hr
'nviris! and witns'-s and a'sn an nf
Pdavii for removal, du'y j'jsr;fd be
fore another maar strit.
It arpard fr m th i-r!l-l ca
pias, und- which t d'ndant wae
arrested after the morning hour, thit
it wa unp'ened I y ih" .luetic, but h
s'nd it after th dfn 5 nt had bn
in cuftndv fur hmi-s
Th defendant an 1 rours' renewed
"heir dep-ar 1 f.-.r th ram- of th pr-
-n that rav th inf. r"iat'" n on r.nfh.
Chapman rfud to eriv r.am f
th inforrran! hut a d ? at h was
amfirr th "'are w;tni". (in fur
tY.mr derrand? for the nTr-e he .r.t f.ct
and hld a ror;:!'at c w:th J
'''Uara. a rr-e 'wTr. -t: h'lt in
"iii't nd ia'd vt or Jfh r, F!",rn. a
on-lrired r.fr waa tv inf'.rrr (ir.f.
At on'-e h '! Urivi to th chair
till w'h ' tt1 -in ' r h: e'l.
The if f-1 pt ' c,- T!e! P.rrfwri
if b Bad -. Ha a:d that he
if he was obliged to remove the case to
another magistrate for trial. "Yes,"
was the reply. Thereupon the justice
of the peace said that he would dismiss
the case. The defendant objected, but
the court dismissed it.
On August 13th sue swore out a eom
pla.nt against Chapman, as follows:
North Carolina, Craven County. In
Justices Court. Betoie S. R. Stout.
Justice of the Peace. htate vs. AI. W.
Lucile VV'esl brook, being duly sworn,
doth say: "That, at an in said State
and county, on or about the 12th day of
August. 1S'.IS. the defendant having
been duly elected as a justice of the
peace of Craven county, and having
duly taken the oath piesciibed by law
as such justice of the p-ace. and being
then and there a duly qualified justice
of the peace, did willingly, wilfully,
corruptly and unlawfully issue a war
rant for the arrest of this alt ant under
a criminal charge of an aflray and dis
orderly conduct without having exam
ined any person on oath as to said of
fence having been committed, and well
knowing that afTant had prior thereto
ben convicted of said offense before a
court of competent Jur uluiion; did
wilfully, corruptly and unlawfulv re
fute to wwear affiant to an affidavit for
the remova1 pf said, action from the
defendant to' florae other justice ofthe
peace of Craven county; did wilfully,
forruptly and unlawfully refuse to in
form affiant and her counsel, upon re
quest, as to who gave him the informa
tion on which the wan ant was issued,
and as to who was the prosecutor in the
case; did willingly, wilfully, corruptly
and unlawfully refuse to remove the
said cause for trial to some other Jus
tice of the peace of the township for
trial after affiant had filed th affi
davit required by law for removal and
made the application for removal; did
willingly, wilfully, corrupt. y and un
lawfully dismiss the saiu action after
the .JTilavit required by law for re
moval or the cause had been filed by
this affiant, and the application for re
moval had been filed and the d-fendant
had no jurisdiction to dismiss said ac
tion, all of which was done under color
of said office of justice of the peace
held by the defendant, contrary to the
siMutes in such canes made and pro
vided and aiiainst the p. ace und dig
nity of the State.
Sworn to and subsi rib' d h. fore ;ne,
this nth day of August. l-.'S.
JAMES M. 1 1 A l; J; IS' i., J. I'.
Chapman has had the trial continued
s-veral tiroes. Yeste,da th- tr.al was
ht-un, but after th- Sts.t.-'g evidence
was in V had th trial continued and
gave his rw.nd lor appearance at the
next ti-im of the crir .in::! Comt to be
here. lie admits his guilt.
Ibis is but one of many mill cas-a.
The negro magistral s :-,;.v- p op! up
for anything. There is telling whe0
tl e b-!-t tn.zen of the tv. ri may be ar
rested. If-1 is a ca' thai ..1: it i,. L;n, n
in any n. fin's heart For a
r fir more .V ru , g .u.iiii
this town, has had ; I: .1,-. ',ol
trd e'phan sir I for a mi se ' i.e Ktr
was fond of Mrs. Gasi-.!-' baby, and
tne oa by was fond of r - .
-' r ai.n t of the j 1 v .j ,,.
v el t to t-. f i- V. of t
h:.d hr bound t. th. ri '
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