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Our fuuiilry, !:cr rommiTif. uii'l l.-r i'rrc Institutions.
OTTAWA, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, DECKMHKIl 1!. UMO.
ri'iiLisiii:n wttKLv nv
GEORGE F. WEAVER & JOHN HISE,
Canal Mint, nearly upmite lie Mansion It inc.
ti: !i M s :
Twii i1,IIiiv iin.l iWiv .wills nir million, ifpviid ill
mlviiiir.P! Time ihvlt.iri ifn.it Pvli'l l'et'.iFl! the cxpi
ration of the Ho t six iiiohiIih; And three dollars
.....It.. ...!... , if .l.r.vcd until tliu end ot
'.lv..r;..i.n,ll illSI-ltCvl lit ?l 1IT Blllliiri' tilt
the first iii.-rti-ci. all -" "H t'.r ''"'ll !
m-uuum insertion. A lihenil discount mado to
llio.s:' who advertise Ivy the year.
All coiii'ii jni- itio-i:), lo ciianre at'.enlion, must
bp i0:-t tiviid.
Jill! II I! K
Of every description, excenteil in the neatest man
manner, at tins usual prices. ;
OTTAWA is the seat of justice of l.n vil!
iiiiiiifv ; is situviled at the junction of the Fox iiur
with tho Illinois, CHI miles, hv water, from Saint
I.ouis, and mid-way between (thieicro and l'eoria.
'J'he jiojiiil.ili iii of Ottawa is about one thousand.
. ruts i'or llie S':''" 'f rvr.tlrr.
"'' i IVru. I.'i llu eountv, III.
1 . M ) III M I II, S
). S. I' viKvisiiL. mail contraelor.
C (J. .Mh.i.kh, Dayton.
A. O. Smith, Smith's MdU
.lisnv (Ii HI.I.V, 1'roy (inne.
I.. W. I), n Mne K, Yeniiilioiiville.
J Is a v I'm 1. 1. 1 ps. Mu n sun, (Indian eieck.)
ii. Ur.vN.iLii;;. 1'. M. Pontine.
Kkks M'I.iiv a n , Moi.rviu's .Mill.
.Iimks (!. Ci.m'v, liriilol. Kviue Co. III.
Willi in li ivi:v, near Van Uureii, III.
' William lv. Hioiwv, Sunlmrv, Illinois.
IIkmiy Ilu iis. Hi. lis" mill. D'e K.dli Co. Ill,
W. Y. Win n, Omu.o, Wane Co. 111.
Antiii.vt I'l r.i n, lloonesboro', Oile Co. III.
I'rum the I' ilt'tinmr R-jiublican.
(fj-Winter has vcraiu appeared, and his el.ii'.v
brow chills in with fear not selfish fear however,
but sueh as should I':!! every human brea vt, when
the snow flakes qivc lis timely warning that the
widow and the orphan are about to suller. The
following lines arc appropriiitc, and we therefore
five thcin a lvire in our eolmniis:
Ki'.fii:nsti: Tin: e'uoi:.
Tin; season of gloom has arrived,
And winter is hard at the door,
lie whispers to nil, "my power is revived,"
And tells us, "remember the poor."
The rich who with ideality ure crow ri'd
Who have an ulnindem e in store,
Willi liberal hand hou!d be found
Dispensing relief to the poor.
O think of the w idow in need,
Whose heart has hem reft to the core,
And destined in sorrow to bleed,
O think and " remember the poor."
(Jo visit the sic!; man in bed,
Or look at the couch oil the floor,
Hi wife and his children no bread
And then you'll "remember the poor."
And when sitting round u good li.e,
And hear the cold winds as they roar,
Just uak, if you've thought to inquire
For those without wood that use po vr.
Misfortune has mark'd for her prey
One lull' uf mankind, if not inor ;
Tho rich, and the proud, and the j.;ay,
May yet become humble uud poor.
(ireat rii-hea will sometimes lake win:;,
And leave w its loss ti deplore,
And unboked for poverty atiurj
The lordliiiir who thus becomes poor.
Lei th se who are happy t.i-day,
And think that tliL'ir troubles are o'er,
'e mindful, and never delay
Kelicf to the needy and poor.
Tho widow and fart!ierlc.;s cry,
For help, and they've wants full n score,
O let tlieni not starve till they die,
They know not what it ia to be ioor.
It surely is blessed to give
To those who are sulTerin'- sore ;
More bleas'd than it was to receive ;
i O then, d "remember the poor."
'J'hc I'oor Prialv nutl tho i;vtltiive.
On tlio fourth of July 18, Harriett
I.cc might have been seen silling on the
sofa in her neat little parlor in a ho'ise
situated in P. street. New York. The
metropolis was alive with men, women
and children of every color, class, ant
creed old men whose heads were whit
etied with the snow of age young men
in the meridian of manhood unitedly am
unanimously agreed to "drive dull care
away," and join tho. jubilee, to celebrate
the birth day of American Independence
Kvcr and anon the bursting thunder of ai'
tillery seemed toshuko the island of Man
Julian ; llie carved eaglu sat perched upon
a pole, of lucrly and our nUw spanglec
banner became the jlay thing of the balmy
wind,'!.!'; 11-'. .Mt v .1
Whilst every Atncrietin heart was brim
fill of joy and gratitude there were two
generous hearten noble minded iinlivulu
aid bowed down with sorrow pungent ant!
disappointment so bitter that the soul stir
ring proceedings of the cvcr-to-bc-reuicin
liercii fourth could not raise their droop
ing spirits. . The persons alluded to arc
Harriet and her suitor A illiani Malcolm
When the intelligent, patriotic, and high
minded William entered Harriet's apart
mcnt.'lic was disappointed and surprise
to sec die object of his love bathed in
tears;.", "Why do .you weep, my dear
HpctT' enquired William in a voice
rk'li as nutvsic ; at the same time grasiiin
aH'ectioiKiti'ly her snowy taiicr'nig linoiis
wliieli were o.-naintutc'il with tlireo rostly
riti-s, tlic oll'i ritios w hiclt IV iuiulhip am
rcspLTt had laid upon the allar of her lai-
ry hand. Harriet jrcntly and racctully
raised her hea.l whilo the warm tears of
irrief flowed free and fast from Iter dark
hazel eyes and fell upon her fair elieek
like dew drops from a rose leaf. "What
ean 1 do," continued illiam, "to tear
away the dark drapery which seems to
mantle votir tender feelings in gloomy
sorniw on this ! and hapy day ?"
Harriet's feelinos were too l)ij for utter
ance : she could not veat Iter thoti'dits in
words, so :olent was the temper of ex
citement occasioned hy inn- who had
hroken the great deep of her heart. Soon
after she was aide to speak, hic said she
had just, returned from a visit to her aunt
1 , haviiio paid her a vioit lor tl!"
purpose of inviting her to attend the anti
cipated wciMino; which could probably
take place in a lew days. Mie described
the interview she had with her aunt as
When she had made known her errand
er aunt observed
"!s it possible that yon, Harriet, have
assumed the responsibility of pledoino;
heart and hand lo a man without soliciting
my adv ice ?"
Harriet replied, "When I first became
leqiu-.iuted with the man of nv choice I
sought the advice of my mother who hap
pened to be in tho city at the time : upon
inquiry slie loittul that niv lrieml was an
st and honorable man, ami had 110 ob
jection to my associating with him ; our
Irienhsl ip has ripened into love ; we are
dodged to each other and the wedding day
"What is the gentleman s name, Har
His name is William .Malcolm."
Is ho a physician, or a lawyer, or a
merchant, or a minister what is he ?"
"He is a journeyman printer,'' replied
l jotinirijinan printer.'" exclaimed
er aunt with great emphasis; "do you
intend to disgrace your connections by
marrying a man who picks up type for a
iving ? iou must bo foolish and your
mother must be mad to sanction yourfol-
. Yon need not imagine, Alisj, that
shall condescend to mingle in the socie
ty of mechanics ; you lack common sense
or von would lrjt thus throw vouself
Harriet again replied :
"William is a respectable, industrious,
nd economical man, and loves inc."
"It makes me think of casting pearls
before, swine," continued the old ansto-
at. "You are a beautiful girl, vour ac-
omplishments are superior to the attain
ments of most girl of your age how can
you so lower you;-.:elf as to marry an il-
itcrate mechanic .'
"My dear aunt, do you know that a
irinting office ii an academy where les
sons of useful knowledge are continually
before the mind .' William is not an illi
terate man ; he is a rell'-lauglit classical
scholar, and occupies a lofty place in the
estimation of all who know him.'
"I will pay the expense of your well
ing and give you a splendid set of furni
ture, if you will try to forget him and
take my advice : there is S.jtiire , he
hinks a great deal ol you ; would you not
ike to have him, or Doct. , or Mr.
the inerchant? You can, 1 have
no doubt, marry cither of these gentlemen,
and thus keep up the dignity of your fa
"l'a is a mechanic, and I am not too
proud to marry a mechanic," replied Har
"Your father is my youngest brother ;
ic is an extensive landholder ; how can
you call him a mechanic?"
"I have' troipiently heard him say,
replied Harriet, "that ho earned his farm
by diligently using the saw, the broadaxc,
and the jackplane ; furthermore, 1 havt
heard him say, that you, 111 your young
er days, used lo pound putty, and prime
sahes, when uncle K could not al-
ford to hire help ;. you have not lorgoiten
that my dear uncle is a sash maker, it is
but a few years since he relinquished that
. .. .
"Impudent , creature, how dare you
tlius insult me in my own house ? your
uncle is l'lesident of- the bank of ;
and one of the richest men in this wealthy
metropolis." , .
"Aunt, I don't intend to insult you nor
injure the feelings of my uncle ; you know
better than I do, ihat he shaved wood be
fore he commenced shaving notes yon
der stands tho old frame building which
was once his humble residence."
"Harriet, you must quit my house im
mediately, and never dare lo, darken the
Poor Harriet's feeling were wrought
ui) to the nilch of excitcmcut ; when' lier
proud aiid arrogant aunt f pke disrespect-
fully of William, she introduced the sar
castic remarks which mortified the old
woman's pride. I 'mil that morning she
always respected her aunt, but her tyran
ny completely changed her feelings.
On the Jth day of July, Mr. K ,
Harriet's uncle, whilst perusing one of
tin.' daily papers, discovered the follow
ing, and read it aloud to his wife.
"Married, in this city, on the Nth i itst. ,
by the Rev. Mr. Chase, Mr. William
Malcolm, to Miss Harriet Lee, both of
this city." On the opposite page he saw
a long editorial article respecting the wed
ding, the following is an extract :
'Last evening, in conlonaity with a
polite invitation, we attended a wedding
party ; every thing went oil' wiih great
eclat; the cake, collee, and wine were
excellent the bride looked more like an
angel than a human being; her hair was
siuoolli and dark as a raven s wings, ncr
mouth like blooming tulips. 'J'he groom
we are well acquainted with ; he is a cle
ver feilow ; the wealth of intellect shone
on his superb forehead, and a great soul
ooked through his calm blue eyes. He
is the talented author of several splendid
Articles which liavo appealed in our most
iopular periodicals. We understand he
s about to assume the management ol a
iciiodical in this city. .May the sunlight
f success beam upon his exertions."
Patient reader, allow the anther to di-
,1 1 t 1
gress ti lew moments, in mior to lay ne-
fore you a brief history of the two pro
fessiouel men, and the inerchant, who
was selected by Harriet's aunt, as a suita
ble companion for a young lady, occupy
ing such a conspicuous stand in society as
she did. The physician was an inferior
onkiug man, rather ill-formed and dwarf
ish. He was round "shouldered, small
twinkling grcv eves, a heavy intellectual:
brow, and mouth indicative of eloquence. I
Notwithstanding his personal appearance,
ic was esteemed and respected by a large
icquaintanee ho was a natural dwart,
but an intellectual giant he was an ordi
nary looking man, but his attainments
rich and rare ; his brilliant talents won
for him a rich and imperishable name on
the page of immortality. My marriage he
onneeted himself with a poor but honest
family. He has obtained a princely lor-
lune since the sacred hand was rivcltcd,
and still lives to enjoy it with his amiable;
ompauion and lieautilul children.
'J'he lawyer was a tall, graceful man. he
uid an eye like an eagle, was straight as
a pine, as strong as Hercules, a large pair
of brown whiskers fiinged his expressive
countenance, no artist ever clierisliej a
better looking mouth than his a heavy
mass of rich brown hair hung in cluster
ing curls over his line forehead. He
irose to eminence in his profession, the
-yreu song of llattery was perpetual!)
sung in his ear one praised him because
of his eloquence, another alluded to his
benevolence. Afthu age of twenty-live
ic married the daughter of a rich mer-
Ijct us leap over a period of ten years.
In vonder white frame house in Centre
treet, IS'ew York, may be seen the wreck
of a ruined man; his eyes are bloodshot,
lis teeth yellow ; his hand trembles, his
tace is red as the rising sun lie is a vic
tim of intemperance. If, reader, you
choose to look into this dwelling house,
you will find it neatly furnished, and clean
is a new pin; a pale female plying that
little polished lance, the needle, attracts
attention ahe has seen belter days, but
now she earns .a subsistence for herself,
her unfortunate husband, and three little
ones. She is the wife ot the talented
and liberal lawyer, we spoke of a few set
ihe bewilehing voice of llat -
lery spoiled him, he mingled much in so
cicty, was a public pet. His friends
beemed it an honor to drink a social glass
with him ; lints ho engendered an artifi
cial appelite which like a serpent impri
soned him in its folds; his business was
neglected, his time inisiniprovcd, his pro
perly worse than wasted, his intellect
blunted, and his health destroyed.
The merchant was a hungry specula
tor, greedily after dollars and cent.'', w ealth
rolled in its golden tide around him, the
more music there was in his purse the
more friends he won; he was too stingy
10 get inanied; detei mined to yet rich in
a hurry, lie committed forgery; in Auburn
prison may be seen the man who was se
lected for Harriet by her aunt, fortunately
he has 110 wife or ehildrcu to mourn his
Wc will now icsuuio the narration of
the poor printer's history. "i'was on a
bright uud beautiful morning in the month
of May, that one of the splendid steam
ers which ply between New York and Al
bany was crowded with homily and fash
ion, ihe passenger') were amusing them
selves by gazing on tho romantic scenery
which nature had spread with lavish hands
on both sides of the Hudson. At noon
llio bell wrung to inform' the passengers
that dinner was ready, a rus-h was made
lo the table, which was loaded with the
rtchest luxuries the market offered. At the
head of the table sat a man somewhat ad
vanced in life, the hand of time had scat
tered a few grey hairs upon his head ; the
next seat to him was occupied by his
wife ; with an air of affected dignity she
looked toward the door, which at that
moment was opened by the Captain, who
politely requested the lady and gentleman
at tin: head of the table, to give up their
seats lo the Hon. William Malcolm and
his lady ! If a voice from heaven in tones
ol thunder had spnken, they could not
have been more surprised, than Harriot's
uncle ami aunt when they in the presence
ol more than one hundred persons, were
obliged to make room for the plebians they
lelused to associate with ten years pre
vious to that event ; lo this proud pair of
aristocrats, the seem; was 1 xtremclv hu-
muliating after all, it was r.n honor to sit
by the side of this great self-made man ;
alter the cloth was removed, a great many
apologies were made by the old couple.
They invited the lion. William M. and
his lady lo call and see them ; they did
so, and the old hypocrites strained every
nerve to please the once poor printer and
his beautiful wife.
William assumed the management of
the periodical spoken of in the commence
ment of this article ; his labors were
ciowned with faiccess ; at the close of
t'ic year he removed to the south, the
same success attended his lootsteps ; he
lose in spite of the obstacles ill his way
to the honor
he now oecu-
from the Lath's Uook for Aovember.
'J le ('liit-uniii' Daiiijliler.
i.v i.i.niiiii: r, Moaios.
"Ivcry part of the brief but glorious
life of Pocahontas is calculated to produce
a thrill of admiration and to reflect the high
est honor on her name. The most me
morable event of her life is thus recorded:
After a long consultation among the In
dians, the fate of Captain Smith, who
was the leader of the first Colony in Vir
ginia, was decide tl. The conclave re
sume 1 their silent gravity two huge
stones were placed near the water's edge.
Smith w.is lashed to tin in, and his head
was laid upon them a.i a preparation for
healing our his brain; with war chilis.
Pow!;a:tan raised the fatal insli'uincnt,
and the savage multitude with their blood
stained weapons .ion! near their king, si
lently waiting the pii :ii' ;':: la.-d moment.
Hut Sliiilh was not de-tilled thus to pc-
.11 luvwaivi, leu upon ner
, f 1 , 1
tears and entreaties iiray-
vic'.im might be spared. The
royal savage rejected her suit, and com
manded her to leave Smith to his fate,
(.row 11 frantic at the failure of her suppli
cations, Pocahontas threw her arms about
Smith and laid her head
II k HI la:
ders, declaring she would pcri-h w ith or
save him. 'J'he Indians gasped for breath,
fearing that he would slay his child for
taking such a ih ep interest in the fate f
one he considered hi deadliest foe. Ibil
human na ure is the same every where :
the war-club dropped from the monarch's
hand his brow relaxed his heart t-of-lened,
and, as he raised his brave daugh
ter to his bosom, utid kissed her forehead,
he reversed his decree, and directed
Smith to be set at liberty ! Whether the
regard of this glorious i;irl for Smith ever
reached the feeling of love, is not known.
No favor was over expected in return.
I ask nothing of Captain Smith," said
'f:!u'. '' !U1 interview she afiet wards had
. i with him in Iluglaud, "in iccompense for
whatever, I have done, leu. the boon of Ii
ving in his initnory." il;rt:!trn J l'ir
t p in the ha. fen hand,
A siuyla captive v-lou.l,
Aroaad hh.i came, with how an. I biaed,
The red-. lieu of the Wood.
Like kiin of obi, his 1! ) I he he ir i,
IJn. k-b niiid en 1 ean ian :-
The !;' fuin's daughter knell in tears,
And brealiud a p ay r for kiai.
Above hi t he;. I in ai
The nna.;c war-tlnb vuii4 ;
The frantic irl, in wild despair,
tier arms about iiim lliim;.
Then shook the w ai . ioi s uf the hhadr,
Like U ave-i on aspen-limb,
tiiibihied by that heroic n;uid
Who bii.allicj a pray 1 r for l.iin.
. . 111. .
" I'nbhid hiui T' pnsped the chief,
M It i your kini;'a tlecn I"
lie kin. ed away her team uf grief,
An.I et the captive frre.
"I'U ever Ihuit when in lilV rlorm
HopoV lar M mm prow dim, , .
An aiqjtd kneels m woiimu' it loliu, . ,
' And brc nhen'u prvcr forliim
Ivo r ?i Aciitii:i virr.
Not married vet! ah, let me think
How horrid is the i!iru;,'tt,
'I'll U eighteen summers hare have iscipei!
And still I am not caught ;
And hlill and still 'ti.s like to be,
If thoughts don't alter soon
No matter I'll live on in hope,
At b ;i t another moon !
No offer yet! ah. what athou;ht,
I'or a maiden past eighteen,
M ith face and form as faultless too,
As any cer seen ;
Ah, wherefore do they keep me kick.
Ah, w hy this loin; delay !
No limit need ak this maid but onee
To name the weddim; dav.
A Ii Ull K I'. C I. A I It Or ilir I m-ei ini
ly o1"1Viiimii-iiI Ii'uM'ii:).
No man in American history allords a
more striking illustration of the fickleness
of fortune, in the direction of human af
fairs, than AuTiirit Sr. Ci.aik. lie was
a native of Scotland. Uis family was
reputable, and he received a good educa
tion. In P73."), he came to America, and
was afterwards a subaltern otlieer in the
army, which, under the brave Ueneral
Wolfe, undertook the subjugation of Ca
nada. He acquitted himself with repu
tation and credit. At ihe commencement
of the American Involution he espoused,
the cause of independence; and received
from Congress the appointment, first, of
Prigadier, and afterwards of Major Cen
eral in the Continental Army. In one or
the other of these characters, he contin
ued in the service of the Colonics durhg
the w hole period of the w ar. He gained
for himself the reputation of a brave uud
talented officer, and had the entire confi
dence and friendship of the commander-,
in-chief tlio venerated father of his coun
try. After the conclusion of the w ar, he
was chosen a delegate to the Continental
Congress which sat under the old Arti
cles of Confederation, and was several
times called lo preside over that body.
A short time anterior to the adoption of
the present Federal Constitution, he was
appointed (iover.uor of the North Wuuu-rn
Territory. This Territory then compris
ed the; vast extent of country, now inclu
ded within the slates ol Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan; and Iowa and Wis
consin1 -Territories. The population of
this extensive rig ion was then exceedingly
limited. There was a French settlement
tit Detroit ; another at incetines, on the
Wabash ; and another at Kaskaskia,
within the present limits olTUinois. lhit
I he. inhabitants of these settlements, as
far as the essential elements of civilization
were concerned, were but little in advance
of their neighbors and associates, the In
In July, 178s, the (Jovtrnor arrived at
Marietta, a new colony eif emigrants from
.we r.ngmnu, on me 11110 nver, ami
then the only w hile settlement w ithin the
present limits of tho state of Ohio. He
there organized a government. 'J'he
Covernor and Judges were appointed by
Congress; and in them was vested the
whole government, legislative, judicial,
, . i , 1 ii.
ano executive. 1 lie people nao no voice
and their only duly was to (Iku. Af
terwards, as the population increased, the
form of government was somewhat modi
lied. A Legislature was established, con
sisting of representatives chosen by the
freeholders, and a council of live selected
by Congress from ten persons nominated
by the representatives. These two bran
ches had concurrent authority, but over
ihuirjotit ',' (, the Covernor posscssci
:ui absolute negative. Put, before ihe
period of this modification in the form ol
the territorial government, (lov. St. Cluir,
hitherto a successful commander, in an
expedition against tie: Indians, had suffer
ed a total defeat. He was placed in the
command of a line army of selected
troops, together w ith a considerable body
of militia: at that time, he labored under
bodily alilietion. He, however, engaged
with the Indians ; and, alter the loss of
more than ()() men, and nearly the whole
body of his oliiceiv, he saved himself,
and the remnant of his mcti. by a precipi
tate retreat. Nothing cool. I exceed the
inorlii'nation of the American people on
hearing of the loss of this fine body of
soldiers. Washington, then Chief Mag
istrate of the l.'niled Stites, though gen-'
orally capable of a complete mastery over
his feeling", became almost frantic ; and,
full of perturbation and grief, he paced the
hall of his residence, backward and for
ward, w ith harried step.-, wringing hu
hand.J, and giving utterance to deep lam
entation, nut yet iihlnngton had not
lost confidence in tho integrity of St.
Clair, and did not desert him. Not so
w illi the muss of the people. Too much
inclined to be hasty in tliuir decisions, on
matters of moment, ihey made but little
allowance for tho untoward circumstances
by which the dene nil was surrouuded,
liU ,'owij bodily infirmity, tlic desertion
of a lurg'v' number of tlic militia, thu sur
prise "in which ho vas takcu, and the im
petuosity of the savages, contcuding for
their own homes, and what to tlicia was
as sacred, the gravis of their fathers.
'J'he people formed their judgment from
the rcbult and it was ihe judgment of
uni;ualiiied condemnation. The Indians
had set a special mark upon ihe njlieeri
and they we re nearly all killed, nr jnade
prisoners. The people, in their com
ments on this circumstance, would ex
claim : Why was it that the commanding
Oeneral Was iho only exception ? why
did hv not fall in battle, or why Was he
not made a prisoner, to suffer the cruel
tortures inihcied by the merciless and
(( vj.se savages.' And then the cir
cumstance that he was a l'riton, would
be urged, with suggestions that lie .inigt
hvve acled under Uriti.-di influence that
he might have leeched British gold, or
that he was indebted for the immunity
w hit h he experienced, to the protecting
influence of I5ritish emissaries among the
Indians! Such was the state of public
feeling agaie.a St. Clair, as the population
of the country over which he presided
increased, and the;Cey;c began to acipahe
importance in the government. Long iu
the army, and arbitrary in his disposition",
he had acipiiied habits but little suited to
the station which he occupied, possessing
as be did almost n-r-il Mi'iliority- . onj
many of his measures were represented "
hy his contemporaries as proscriptive,
high-hauded, and tyrannical. And to
allix to them this character, his military
misfortune had doubtlcsa a considerable
agency, for success allords its possessor
an impunity which is withheld from the
victim of adversity. His administration
became so odious, that to get rid of it, as
soon as there was a sulhcient rtomilatinn
within the present limits of Ohio, the
leoplo hastened to form n state constitu
tion, and to apply for and obtain admis
sion into the Union. To retard a mea
sure of this kind, the friends of the Gov
ernor urged the policy of making two
states out of the same territory, and there
by increasing the power and political
iniliunie ,. tlio vnMrin couiitlV. I'or a
measure of thi kind, they had example
of the New I'urland. and somu nf the.
middle states; but so aivxious were 'the
people to gel rid of what thev were pleas
ed to call tin Uranny of the territorial
government, that the temptations of pro
spective political power, weighed but
little in the balance : Ohio became n
member of the confederacy ; and the j0
iiio'(rn of ihat measure were rewarded
with the first and highest honors under
the state govermuent. With this 'event
terminated the prosperity of Governor
St. Cla. Washington, who had been
hi.i fast fiiend, v;;s reposing in the tomb
and the sceptre had departed from the
friends who had sustained him. , While
in the service of the public, his private
fortune had suffered an entire greek.
St. Clair retired into obscurity. He
claimed to luive matle anrc sacrifices for
the country, in the hour of her utmost
need and for which !;o had never been
remunerated. His claim was very prob
ably just. In his adversity ho applied to"
Congress for redress, lint so low had
he sunk in public estimation, thai but few
of the members of that body were found
willing to put their popularity to the test
of standing up as his talvocatPs. Worn
down with mortilic.tie'i am! "disappoint
ment, St. Clair was still too proud to ac
cept pecuniary aid fro in hia friends. ' lie
retired lo the mountainous regions",' of
Western I'enn.-j Ivauia, where, . erecting
a little log hut, near a road bide, With tho
aid of his rifle, and through the means,
afforded by a little vdiop i;i which he kept
cakes, and other primary comforl.-v lor
the lowly wayfarer, he obtained a scanty
subsistence. His mode of replenishing -his
little stock of commodities, was by
gathering and bu ing cliestntiTs, and ex
posing them for sale V. the Pittsburgh
inarki t. While on this part of hishisto
ry, thcwri'.ir wiil add, thut it has been
his lot to be acquainted with more than,
one individual, who, for a few touts, has.
received ref.Vidimeats u l!iu hand of tho
veue.a'de talesman and t ctcraa. In his
old aee, when the acerbity of bitter fee
ling, which had existed aahua hint . ijthq.
puolie iiuuu, luu eonsuleruuly abateu
w hen enfeebled by tho weight of years
ho left his humble home, And pursued his
weary way to Washington city on foot,
again to urge his claim ' on Congress.
Hut he who, for a perics of years, had.
presided over the body .which had proee..
ded thai, under another organizntion, mui.
who had been on terms of iaftmscy and,
friendship with the fathers of the rcpuUuv
olio eif which he. Was, found liiiuseU'
stranger nmontMhe representative of the
people, nc was jorgoucn ; auti cnuai
not gain the-ear of tin, National ..Legisla
ture, until a man, high hi rawer, and iu.
magnanimous as he was poweiuV'(it .
was the lato Willum JIr.CxAWFWv
look him to his house, provided J oi him,.
uud became his fncud and succcslul . nL