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THE ARGUS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 1MH.
7 ' v a ota m
1 f never excell-
, And proven
' is the verdict
XJ of minions.
lator is the
JjCffCf an.l KiJnoy
can pin your
CW'9W Wth for a
OU fl H S laxa.
9 ct-illo, act-
. AC n Liver
an a Kid
' . . Sold by all
Dmggiiit in Liquid, or in Powder
to betaken dry or made into a tea,
1 ha mm jrnarnimmnna Um Ran.
Ma M4 wi lim manly M It to Um
nMWfafeilllW'aarrtW'liwis I mnliW II
3.00 FES DOM
Good until Fcbuary ist, in
Dr Wileoa of the Seotl Medical In
tllnte has arranged to nccnmmoilate
all who desire to place thetnaclve
aader treatment b placing the price
of consultation, treatment aad med
ial at S for the month. This offer
aot oaljr taeludes aew patient, bat
lneladesnll old patients mho have
at aay time been treated or examine! I
at the Scott Medical Institute, aad
who desire at tale season of the year
to renew tneir treatment.
TURK STAOE9 Of CATAKRII.
. Flm RUtrr Foul breath, haul)
tolce. ealiva slim, nose closed up
aad discharge a gmd deal, blow out
aaakt or scabs, none sore, sner-f ing,
pal a la front of head across the eyes,
ease of smell Impaired, hawk to
clear the throat, mucous drops track
lato the throat, throat drr. This
la easily cured.
Becoad Staff- When catarrh of the
bead aad throat Is left unchecked it
el tends to the bronchial tubes and
lun. These are some of the symp
toms: Difficult breathing, congh dis-
treMlng. burning ain in throat,
arow weak, pain behind breast bone.
ditffast for fatty fowls, spitting up
of cheesy lumps, hacking cough, mu
cous Decodes oi a yellow tinge, cough
until yoa gag or vomit, stitches in
Ida. take cold easily and gradually
Third stare Stomach and Iwwles
are involved, caused by swallowing
poisonous mucous which drops down
(rem the head. This stage of the
disease is commonly called dyspepsia.
There Is nausea, vomiting, belching
of gas. head light or disxy, tongue
coatee:, water orasn. nawa ana spit,
Iein after eating, nervous and weak,
constipation followed by diarrhoea.
rusn of blood to bead, growing sen
sation ia stomach, bloting of stom
ach and bowlet, tick headache and
palpitation of heart.
This class of disease can be cured
in fact hundreds have been cured
by Dr. Wilson.
CO n ltloatb,
KVBSt CCBABLS tUKAK TREATED.
tfl Brady street, Davenport, la.
' Ovta America Ex raxes Co.
SPECIALTIES-Catarrh. Eye, Ear,
Rose. Throat. La airs; Kervons dis
eases, Skla diseases. Chronic die
eases. OmCE HOURSt to 11 a. .. 3
to p. av. 7 to I p. m.
Oa taadays the office .will he opea
treat ta.Sa.to 12. 3 to 4 p. m.
mat, ummi waaiunickwi.
The largest line of Fancy Goods,
Decorated China and Toys at
AT THE ARSENAL.
Rock Island's National Armory
and Its Importance.
DO 0171 PEOPLE APPRECIATE IT?
Xatare aad Variety a, the
Tar Oat TWff Xaw
Haw It Has Urawa Vmr Cal. BaWnata.
na ha tka Maatarptocw of nts
Owa lavaatMC V Lit t la Ilistary HaaaV
WkrtHMl la Inararoaarata la Fracrraa
The civil war early showed the
need of a great arsenal in the Mis
sissippi valley, where the legion of
the western states could be rapidly
armed and equipjicd for war. Of
considerable area arising well above
high water with an immense wnter
power near by. situated too far in.
and to be subject to thcenemv a at
tack, alTording that seclusion so
necessary for. the prosecution of
work of a warlike character, and its
fine water communications the Isl
and of ltock lolaml seemed marked
by nature as the ideal ot for the
greatest United States urniorv and
arsenal. Accordingly bv an act of
congress, approved July 11. 1862, an
appropriation of niwi,tH. was maue
lor tbe construction i liocn Miami
arsenal. The original intention was
to build a small arsenal of deposit
JtimS Aai mjL
and repair at the west end of the isl
and, of which the storehouse now
standing there was the principal
feature. By a happy combination
consisting of a congress willing to
appropriate the necessary lumis. 01
a chief of ordnance favoring the plan.
and the assignment of a command
ing officer 01 General Kodnian s rep
utation and attainments, a new and
greater arsenal and armory, involv
ing the expenditure of alout ten
millions was projected. The bril
liant and substantial work of Col.
Flagler, who succeeded Gen. Hod
man, is too well known to need de
scription in this vicinity. Sufficient
to say that after 17 years of patient
labor on his part, the idea became a
reality, and only a few store houses,
artillery sheds, magazines and a hos
pital remain to be built.
Uallt oa a War Scale.
The arsenal is built on a war scale,
and only a few of the buildings arc
occupied for peace, war. in fact army
purposes. When in full operation
SfO.tKH) workmen and 2) officers, with
a detachment of 20 ordnance sol
diers, are required. Then the ar
senal shops arc intended to produce
a full armament and equipment for
a full regiment of infantry or cavalry
of men mt day. Tbe flue
water power, costing over a million,
gives SWO-borse mwer for each of the
10 shops, with a large surplus.
It is argued that such instances of
organised victory" as this arsenal
represents do more to prevent
than to hasten war. Col. Flagler
was succeeded bv Cql. T. G. Bavlor,
Maj. J. K. McGinniss. Col. J. M.
Whittemore and Capt. M. W. Lyon,
officers well known for their scien
tific acquirements, as well as pleasant
TtM rtaarat Caaaaa&Mt aad Ma.
Col. A. R. Iluffiington. the pres.
cnt commanding officer is. both by
nature and experience, one of the
best equipped of the officers in the
ordnance department of the army.
His improvements on the army rifle
while la command at Springlield ar
mory, tbe invention of the Buffing
ton field gun carriage, the recent
successful trial of his design for
heavy sea coast disappearing gun
carriage, are proofs of the alntve.
His manly and consistent course while
la command, has won the re
spect of tbe thinking people In the
tri-citlea. He has worked hard to
keep np the island, and bring more
work into the shops.
Lieat. John T. Thompson, ord
nance department. Is as.-istant to the
commanding officer in general charge
of the shops. He command t the ord
nance detachment, and is quarter
master and commissary, and like his
superior, is completely wrapped np
in the island, and is devoted to the
do ties he is expected to discbarge.
In the three cities he is one of the
best known and most popular of any
officer who has ever been assigned to
doty at the post.
Capt. Michael J. Grealish. ord
nance storekeeper, is paymaster and
ia charge of stores, and has many
friends in the community.
Lleuts F. G. Kalk. 6th U. 8. in
fantry, Malvern-llill Barnum, 6th
cavalry; A. A. Cahaniss. 20th in
fantry, and W. F. Clark, 7th cavalry,
are inspectors of ordnance work in
the various shops. These officers
are stationed and live in this city.
JTalt tm tha Araeaal.
An Akcl-s representative who paid
a vikit to Hock Island arsenal ' one
afternoon this week was courteously
received by Lieut. Thompson, who
gave himself over to the scribe, and
escorted him through the main
buildings, in order that an idea
might Ik- obtained of what is really
tjoing on there, and one who has not
been at the arsenal in recent years
will be astonished at the proportions
now attained, not only in the volume
of work accomplished, but in the
character and variety of the same.
No building, and but little outside
work is going on at preocnt. But a
larger force than ever before is en
gaged upon the regular manufac
tures of ordnance stores for the U.
S. army. National guard, military
colleges and partly tor marine corps
and navy and naval reserves a
force of over 150.001) men. The main
part of the work consists in the con
struction of siege guns carriages,
siege howitzer carriages, lidd gun
carriages, machine gun carriages,
with timlxT. caUson and bat
tery wagons complete, the complete
equipment for f he infantry and cav
alry soldiers, cavalry accoutrements
and harness for the" light artillery.
No rifles, swords, or pistols are man-
a -SrXjy ' 4 t ,J
carrco states arsksal ako arxort at rock island.
u fact u red here, but are sent to the
arsenal in lar;e quantities from
Springlield armory, Mass., to be dis
tributed to the fort. militia, col
leges, etc., in the Mississippi val
ley and western states. All iron,
wooil, cloth and paper targets for in
fantry, cavalry &nd liht aitillery,
are also made here. Besides the reg
ular elliptical targets, iron target
frames covered with cotton cloth
and paper representing soldiers,
tiring. standing, kneeling and
lying town, and on horse back, are
turned out.- Small arm cartridges of
all kinds are received in car load
lots to le redistributed as above.
In the labratories all kinds of car
tridges for field guns are made up.
including bags and jiowder. The
field guns and their projectiles are
manufactured at the Watcrvliet ar
senal, Troy. N. V., where the heavy
sea coast cannon are now being raj
idly constructed. The only other
arsenals of importance are Water
town, near Boston. Mass., the heavy
or sea-coast gun carriage manufac
tory and Bcnicia arsenal. San Fran
cisco, which is sHken of for the site
for the 1'acilic coast heavy gun fac
tory. The smaller arsenals at Au
gusta, Me. ; Fort Monroe. Va : Augus
ta.Ga.: Columbia. Tcnn.;IndianaHlis
and San Antonio, Tex., and the ord
nance depots at St. Paul and Omaha
are merely for deposits and repairs
and convenience in equipping and
arming the troops of those states or
parts of the country in case of war.
The ordnance department of the
army aisoconduets an experimental
and testing station, where all guns,
etc., are tried before adoption, at the
U. S. Proving ground, Sandy Hook,
N. J. The ordnance department,
under Gen. D. W. Flagler, chief
of ordnance, is composed of
51 officers, four ordnance store
keejiers and 6W enlisted men.
These men arc stationed as military
guards at the various arsenals, the
total value of projwrty of all
description being $(;, NM.u; IX Tho
The ordnance detachment at Hock
Island arsenal consists of CO men,
well disciplined and efficient, mostly
old soldiers, some of whom have
served in the late war. and most
from 5 to 3j years in the regular
army. This detachment is the larg
est in number assigned to any ar
senal. !laUu mt Inrtial Work.
The arsenal work is divided among
the main office, the machine, carpen
ter and harness shops, and civilian
guard and other outside work. Chief
Clerk Charles Brown, assisted by A.
M. Brown, is in charge. Knssell
West is chief of the property divis
ion, assisted bv Capt. T. J. Buford
and F. W. Quayle. aud George l.
Durmin is chief clerk of the money
division. W. Otto Grooen, M. F
is chief draughtsman.
The machine shop, under Master
Machinist J. H. Drayton, includes
the steam plant, some 400-horse pow
er in all, nnder Engineer J. W. Law
head, and the water power, some
2.000 horse power under Matt Moore.
Only 200 horse power is at present
utilised, but wheels are being put in
for 200 more, made necessary by in
creased work and the new electric
light plant for the shops. It also
embraces a rolling mill, not at pres
ent in operation. The machine shop
proper is under Foreman Hiram
Shnnk; the gun carriage tilting shop
under Sub-Foreman Alex. Kourrassa;
the eqnippment shop under Inspector
R. C. Munson; the tin shop under
Emil Beck; the polishing and electro
plating under i. 1). Pctcher; the
foundry under D. C. Thompson, in
cluding the brass foundry under W.
J. Pratt; tho blacksmith shop under
A. F. Hill, with Tinn:VeeK!r H. S.
HoIIman: the number of men em
ployed being 210.
The carpenter shop is in direct
charge of Master Carpenter John
Chnnnon, whose father occupied for
many years the same position. Time
keeper. George Simpson; foreman of
wood machines, John Schnitzcr:
foreman at paint shop, Fred
Widrington; chief pattern-maker.
J. H. Kerr. This shop
also includes the stirrup, wheel
wright and target-painting works.
The total number of men employed
here is 47.
The harness shop is tinder Master
Harness Maker 1). M Landis, with
W. II. Jordan timekeeper. The ir..
spectors of work are W. T. Goodrich
and F. it. Baiimltaeh. and 1. C Leon
ard is chief packer. This shop also in
cludes tho hair rope making,
cutting shop, sewing machine
operators and brush making
for horee brushes, a new in
dustry transferred from Watcrvliet.
arsenal; also a laundry outfit for
washing haversacks and cloth
ing bags. The number of
workmen employed is 145. The
shops are well lighted, heated and
kept in Hue order. All the appoint
ments are first-class. The outdoor
laboring force is under charge of
Foreman W. A. P. Totten.
Among the improvements going on
is the macadamizing of a Nirtion
of the main avenue from tbe flag
stall to the main gate guard house,
wlrile plans are also under consider
ation for putting in a system of
electric illumination, as well as tele
phonic communication between the
quarters, barracks and shops, and
other improvements which will be
appreciated are likely to follow.
The bridge force is under F. E.
Bobbins, cnginccr-in-charge. with
Engineers Thompson ami Collins,
and Firemen James Brennan, Oscar
Nelson and Fred Gall, while the
numlier of civilian guards is Jit.
The product manufactured in the
shop is transferred to one of the two
storehouses and distributed, as men
tioned above, under Foreman G. B.
Keillv' and his force of packers. F.
B. Seibcrling, assistant foreman of
packers, has charge of the receiving
storehouse, where all stores that
have been in use in the service are
turned in for storage, and repaired
ier luturc use. 1 he packages are
then turned over to the quartermas
ter for shipment. The total of these
suipments, excluding crude material
fuel and other supplies received and
issued, is over 2,iM tons per year.
The magazine contains over 75 tons
of powder of all kinds. A complete
fire department, including an en
gine company, two hose companies
anil a hook and ladder company, or
ganized and drilled, from tho ord
nance detachment, is maintained
Hot water is kept constantly circulat
ing through the lire engine boiler
And a team with driver and engineer
in attendance is alwavs on hand for
instant use. The running of the lire
anil guard departments, the care of
grounds, sewers, waterworks, light
ing streets and the repairing of the
roads and walks, may aptly be
compared to the administation of a
city of 10,000 inhabitants. The total
force consists of:
R iMI 00
Wur&a rn 475
The payroll is about 25,00fr jcr
month, or an average per day for
each workman of over 2. The total
expenses for labor and material run
between f7o3,O00 and SH'JO.OOO per
year, or the cost of running the arse
nal equals about S2.000 per dav.
The value of the property on the isl
and is estimated as follows:
1 0 acm at f 1.0UO
Wat r Hoer , ...
$ 1 s&vra
.......... .. 00
. . . .$1 1,W,4D
Which is equal to the assessed
value of a small city.
tataraata Ara IaaUeml.
The Interests of the island are
deeply connected with those of the
tri-cities, for it is upon them that it
depends for the necessary workmen.
Tho present working force could be
depended upon to supply foremen,
inspectors and leaders of work for
the large increase necessary to put
the arsenal on a war basis. The
more skilled labor that makes its
home in the tri-cities, the better for
the arsenal. The more fine work
men turned out from the arsenal
shops, the better for all concerned in
the large manufacturing interests
centered here. During the past two
yeas, many improvements have
!een completed at the arsenal.
What of the future? It is to be
hoped that the new testing machine
for steel, iron and all other structur
al material, for which a bill has been
already introduced in congress mav
be constructed, that a small gun fac
tory for the manufacture of siege
guns and howitzers and licld guns
be established ami that a small anus'
plant or armory for the manufacture
of the new .33 caliber magazine riile
and carbine be put up. With a thief
of ordnance, whose heart and soul
are interested in utilizing the facili
ties of this great arsenal, and with a
commanding oflicer capable of man
aging the practical and scientilic
part of any of these problems, such
changes arc not impossibilities.
Nome Island lllntorjr.
But aside from all these material
considerations, there is an esthetic
side to the island that cannot be
overlooked bv any observer who com
munes with nature. A few minutes'
drive from the main entrance, and
the visitor is in the forest primeval.
There is no suggestion there of tho
girdle cf cities that surround, or of
the busy bum of the wheels in the
hops near bv. Even the birds and
siiuirrels seem happy and safe in the
seclusion afforded bv nature.
Through a treaty made with cer
tain Sac and Fox Indians, in IS ) I,
by Governor William Henry Harri
son, of Indiana territory, the govern
ment obtained a title to the island of
Hock island among other lands.
Black Hawk never acknowledged its
validity, claiming it was obtained by
stratagem, consequently in both the
wars of 1X12 anil be fought
against the I'nited Slates. In lSlGCol.
Col. F. A. Smith, of the U. S. rillemen
arrived with his regiment and theSth
L. S.. infantry, on the west end of
the island, which he selected as the
location for a fort. Proceeding fur
ther up the river, lie left behind the
latter regiment, under Col. Law
rence. The work was named Fort
Armstrong, after the secretary of
war. A picture of the old fort, cop
ied from and old photograph, (18.V.I)
i still extant. The fort was garrisoned
by various companies generally one
or two at a time of the 1st, 3d
ami 5th U. S. infantry nntil 1830,
when tbe settlement of the country
and the removal'of the Indians made
their presence no longer necessary.
The troops then were transferred to
the northwest to form a new skirmish
line for the westward march of civil
ization. In 1X31 Gen. Gaines brought,
with him from St. Louis to Bock Isl
and the 6th U. S. infantry to quell
the Indian troubles. " I'pou the
breaking out of the Black Hawk war.
Gen. Atkinson brought up the 1st U.
S. mtaiitrv. with tbis regiment
came several officers afterwards cel
ebrated "Lieut. Col. Jlachary Taylor,
Capt. W. S. Harney and Lieut. Jef
ferson Davis. Gen. Scott was also
on the island at the close of this war,
having been sent from the cast to di
rect its operations. Asiatic cholera
of the worst character raged anion
the tronuK encamped on the isl
and. bat was linally subdued, owing
to the efforts of Surgeon C. A. Fin
ley. afterwards surgeon general, and
fat her of Mrs. D. W. Flagler. The isl
and was in charge of an Indian agent
iroiu its evacuation in JS36 bv Lieut.
Col. William Davenport. 1st infantry.
to 1 JO, the last two years under Col
Irnrn 184; to 1X1G. some of the
buildings of Fort Armstrong were
used as an ordnance depot under
Capt. W. K. Shoemaker, ordnance
storekeeper U. S. arm v. From this
time until 18C2, the island was in
charge of a war department custo
1 . i ... .
man. 1 ne island was reserved for
military purKses by direction of the
president in isi'd.
During the war a prison contain
ing some 13,030 Confederate prison
ers, was established on the island
under General Hoffman, U. S. army.
wuose widow sun Jives in Kock Isl
The great Bock Island arsenal and
armory presents one of the few in
stances in which our people have
heeded. Washington s advice. ' "In
time of peace prepare for war," and
Jt mar be relied upnn to tultill its
useful function in our governmental
economy, until war becomes so ter
rible that mankind will refuse to en
gage in it, or until the dawn of that
era of universal peace
Wbca the wAr-dium thnt:s no looser, and tbe
oai e line an 1 re J
la the iwrlUmcni a: aisa, tbe federation of tlic
For Sale Cheap.
For terms, etc., inquire at
Gastoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Infanta
and Children. It contains ncitlsor 0;ium, Mcrplilno not'
other Narcotic sabstancn. It li a luiimlcss substitute
for Paregoric, Drops, SootliSnrj Syrups, and Castor OIL
It Is PIcatfiat. Its gusrajtr-a i l.'iirfy years nse by
Blillions of Mothers. C.istoria destroys Worms and allays
fcverlsliucss. Csistorts prevcxi's vcmiiin Soar Curat,
urea Iiarrlirca iind Wind Colic Castoria relieve
tcctli:!j troubles, cures constipation aud flatulency.
Castoria assimilates !ie food, regulates tho stomach
and bowels, giving lie:i!!!sy aud natural sleep. Cas.
toria tho Children's Panacea-Use SIcthcr's Friend.
"Caatrrla t n czcrUcnt EiwSieiM tir ctiTl
dren. Muthcrs Lave repmtedljr VAd r.ie of its
good effect upon UVIr chili!r-n."
Da. G. P. Cscoon,
Castoria Is the tiest remedy for chililrun of
Mcb I L.r.i a'qti3ln:vd. I hope Um lty Is do:
far dfettaxtt vhfa mothers v:!consi.!crtic real
Interest of tbi-ir ciiililren. sa l lo:rt Ostorin in
strad 01 the mrio'jsqnacfe nustnuns nUicli ara
destroying thWr loved ones, bj forcing oj.r:ni,
morTbine, x"4h:nff syrup aud othrr li'irtful
agents down thoir throats, thereby fetudiag
beui to preuu'.ure grave.'
ba. 3. F. EwncoE,
Th Centaur Company, 17
'WHERE DIRT GATHERS, VASTE RULES.
GREAT SAVING RESULTS FROM THE USE OP
Heating end VenMatiig Engineers,
Gas and Steam Fitting,
A complete lice of Pipe, Erase Goods, Packing Ho,
Fire Brick Etc Largest and best equipped
establishment west of Chicago.
DA Via tmuuiv Molme, m 1 1 12. 1 14 West Seventeenth at
3 &m tmi
m I Ma T 1 F 11,-lfl
Fifth Avenue Pharmacy.
HORST VON KOECKRITZ.
Analytic Bill Disnensii Pharmacist
la cow located in his new building t tbe corner of Fifth
end Twenty-third street.
. DUMCilJil'S IAVEHPOIt.T
T a tboroacii last action girtn at this Sfbool l Trist-d by aaor thaa HO 4iCmat Feople
usiug their Students
112 and U4 East Second Street, DAVENPORT, IOWA.
B . Bcdsov. M. J. Pabkbk
HUDSON & PARKER.
CARPENTERS AND BUILDERS,
All kind of Carpentering promptly attended to. Ertlamtva
furnished when desired.
Shoo cor Fir av. ard Hevanteenth it. Rock Island.
SEIVERS & ANDES SON.
CONTRACTORS and BUILDERS
All Binds ot Carpenter Work Dona.
-Oaral jisslng aeaa en aaeri
" Cvloria !z so ax-I! a.1.-!ped tncf ilMrsa tha
f fcnmnii'iMl it as superior ioaajKicriAtaai
IT. A. Arcotb,X d.,
lit So. Osfrl St., Urookla, K. T
Our phpaeiir. ia thn chiltlren's
Im-M h .rti spo-'.'a highly of their 1
tmt in X'.trlr outside practiea vrith Cattorkv
aiul !!!:t:,-h fro vrif bar amorc
Bui:d supplies nhat is known at ulat
pr-xiuctx. yvt o aro frae to confess tbat taa
nn-riu of Castoria Las won us to look arita
lav-jr i:;in it-
i. mtso Uurrmz. am Citrnun,
A LLCS C. Surra, firs..
Sffarray Strc-ct, Kow Toxic City.
Teleohone 1 1
1803 Second Arentiet
t i v