Newspaper Page Text
On Tap everywhere.
The Rock Island Brewing Company, success
ors to George Wagner's Atlantic Brewery I
Huber's City Brewery and Raible & Stengel's"
Rock Island Brewery, as well as Julius Junge's
Bottling Works, has one of the most complete
Brewing establishments including Bottling de
partment in the country. The product is the
very best. Beer is bottled at the brewery and
delivered to any part of the tri-dties, and may
be ordered direct from the head offices on Mo
line avenue by Telephone. "
UkAflMt ANI VkHTlLATINO KNOINKKUs.
A complete line of Pipe, Brass
Tacking Hose, Hire Brick, etc.
Largest and best equipped establishment
west of Chicago.
DAVIS BLOCK. Moline. 111.
Residence Telephone 1169.
Adams Wall Paper Company,
310, 312 and 314 Twentieth street.
Biggest Star. Biggest stock in the three cities.
CAN PLEASE YOU.
GIVE HIM A CALL.
And Second Avenue.
Has the most replete line of new patterns In Imported
and domestic suitings in the city.
1707 SEC::3 JLTEKE.
Call for Rock Island
Brewing Co. Beer.
112, 114 West Seventeenth street,
Tolepbone 1148. " Bock Island.
Is showing the latest
styles in fall footwear
tor ladies ana gents
Ask to see our $3. $3 50
and $4 welts in ladies',
and our $3. $4 and $5 in
LABORS OWN DAY.
A General Holiday For the Sons
HOW AXD WHERE IT ORIGINATED.
Tke Flrat M anda In September If or Of
wrally Ob an a Than TV Talaj,lh
TT Teata AreOrder la Which tha
State Cam la Its THatniaaiiij Hum
t Wmr Co Hiltl . -
Copyright, 1HB4, by American Pre Aaocia-
It was 13 Tears moo and in Nn Vm lc
tbat Labor day was first celebrated. Ths
general assembly of tho Kmghts of La
bor was held in the trig city at tho Had
n't month in 1882. and it was uro-
pOBed by P. J. MoGnirn. now flrett vina
president of the American Federation,
wen a member of the New York Cen
tral Labor union, that some time daring
the ansmnbly'e session that year all the
labor organizations of Now York shonld
torn oat in a big parade. This propo-
sition was adopted, and tho procession
was tho feature of Sept 5, which fell
on tho first Monday of tho month.
Warkiiignien of almost every trade took
part, and this of coarse stopped many
business establishments and virtually
mado tho day a holiday. The big pa-
rado was reviewed by Richard Griffiths,
worthy foreman of the Knights, and he
as well as all who were on tho review
ing stand was greatly impressed. One
who was present Robert Price of Mary
land placing his hand affectionately
upon Mr. Griffiths shoulder, said:
"This is Labor day in earnest. Uncle
Thus tho observance of what is now
legally a national holiday began, and
thus it was named. On every first Mon
day in September since that first parade
Labor day has been celebrated in New
York, and the size of tho procession.
tho enthusiasm of the participants and
tho more or less general cessation of the
people from gainful pursuits have been
evidence that the new holiday was jus
tified by the best of reasons a demand
from the highest authority in a repub
lic the people.
It was not long that the establish
ment of tho day in New York before
the idea was taken up elsewhere, and
Labor day observances were soon an es
tablished fact in nearly every city of
consequence. To the parade, which has
ever remained the chief of these observ
ances, have been added addresses on
economic topics and the organization of
labor, and every year the movement has
grown until now Labor day is far more
generally observed than was Thanks
giving day 80 years ago. In only two
cases, to lie hereinafter mentioned, has
the date of Labor day been fixed for any
day other than the first Monday iu Sep
Making Labor Pay a Legal Holiday.
It was not until 1887 that the holiday
was legalized in New York, tho state of
its birth. The legislatures of several
other states set the day apart the same
year, and by the close of 1893 this had
been done in 25 states.
( h-egon was the first state to pass a bill
legalizing the holiday. Such a bill was
first introduced, however, in the legis
lature of New York state.
In several other Mates legislation has
been set on foot for the establishment of
Labor day, but has failed so far of ac
complishment for one reason and an
other. Whether it will now be thought
necessary to secure such legislation in
the remaining states is not decided, so
far as the writer's knowledge goes.
On Sept 6, 181)8, Hon. Amos J. Cam
mings introduced a bill in the house of
representatives at Washington making
the day a national holiday. 1 This bill
was identical in wording with one in
troduced on Aug. 28, 18U3, by the Hon.
Mr. Kyle of South Dakota in the senate.
The bill was finally passed by congress
Jane 20, 1894, and two days later re
ceived the president's signature and be
came law. The pen with which Mr.
Cleveland affixed his signature was sent
to Samuel Gompars, president of the
American Federation, and is carefully
preserved by him. This bill reads as
"A bill making Labor day a legal
"Be it enacted by the senate and
house of representatives of the United
States of America, in congress assem
bled. That the first Monday of Septem
ber in each year, being the day cele
brated and known as labor's holiday,
is hereby made a legal holiday, to all in
tents and purposes in the same manner
as Christmas, the 1st day of January,
the 23d day of February, the 30th day of
May and the 4th day of July are now by
law made public holidays."
neMnWmmt tha Day. ,
The American Labor day has no ex
act counterpart in Europe. There, it is
true, Oamonstratioiis cf workingmen arc
often m-Je on May 1, the object being.
of course, to pioduce an impression cf
strength in number and directness of
purpose, and so make it easier to Win
3 - L.n--'-r?'rM." 7
Saturday, September 'i. ied.'
proposed demands as to wages, hours,
etc The May day domonstrairkni ia not
altogether unknown .on thfot side the
ocean, but in many essentials it differs
from Labor dayv- The real distinction of
the American hoHda? Be .tn the fact
that on that day no legal qnestion or
contention or dispute is supposed to be
Intended . or. allowed ta intwfae with
the day's observance, t The workers for
one day lay aside their Implements of
toil .and meet to parade and to listen to
addresses mado by thinkers who have
long pondered the lake problem, by all
odds the most important one of this day
and generation. This was what its
founders had in mind at the beginning,
and this idea has been pretty generally
maintained. Games and other Activ
ities are permissible, of course, and
have, in fact, in some localities bjcome
important features, bat tho discussion
of the greift question that intertwts those
who observe most the day remains and
should remain the chief feature.
The assemblies of workingmen on
Labor day have been likened to "open
courts, " before which all sides talk up
on tho problem of production. This char
acterization of the day has been truer of
late years than in the past, particularly
in some localities, where not only think
ers from the ranks of organised labor,
but employers as well, have been invit
ed to address the assembled multitudes.
The educational value of the day cannot,
therefore, be overestimated, and one
near whose heart the day has been ever
since its first celebration in 1882 has
spoken of it as "a day of education, rest
DealBHings of the Labor Movement.
Labor day is of course a child of tho
labor organizations of America. The
first society formed for mutual benefit
by workingmen in this country was or
ganized by the tailors in 1X06. Prior to
that time tailors coming to America re
tained membership in the journeyman
tailors' unions of the old country. The
hatters of America organized in 1819.
The Columbia Charitable Association of
Shipwrights and Calkers was formed
some time between 1825 and 1830. The
printers' first organization, so far as
authentic records show, was in 1831.
The true formative period of America's
labor organizations extends over the 2G
years from 1825 to 1851. The chief
movement was for higher wages and
shorter hoars of work, and there were
also many experiments in co-operation.
New Harmony. Iud., was the scene of
the first experiment of this sort It was
backed by Mr. Owen with f 1,000,000
in cash, 28,000 acres of land and two
libraries costing $30,000 each, and 800
persons joined in the schema It livod
but two years, however, and, though it
has been followed by many other experi
ments somewhat similar, none has as
yet made a lasting success.
Labor legislation began as early as
1777, when it was voted in Nowbury
port, Mass., that "maximum wages"
should be as follows:
Carpenters, 5 shillings 4 pence a
day; calkers, 6 shillings a day; day la
borers, not found, 4 shillings a day;
day laborers, found, 3 shillings a day;
joiners, 4 shillings 8 pence a day; ma
sons, 6 shillings a day.
It will be observed that this legisla
tion was all in favor of the employer,
inasmuch as the paving of higher wages
than those named was prohibited, while
there was no minimum scale adopted.
Strikes began to occur in 1 803, the first
one recorded being among the sailors in
Hew 1 ork city. It seems to have been
settled by tho jailing of the leader.
There were divers small strikes, and
some of some magnitude in the vears
immediately following, but there seems
to have been no really systematic ac
tion until 1825, the year already men
tioned as the beginning of the formation
period of the organizations. In 1826 a
Boston newspaper printed a pratest
against some of the methods of the man
ufacturers in New England and made
demands for the adoption of measures to
decrease the dangers of factory opera
tives and the furnishing them with suit
able rooms, lodgings, etc Th Yankee
girl operatives were foremost all through
this formation period in getting up or
ganization. Meanwhile in New York city and all
along the Atlantic coast the ship car
penters and calkers were agitating for'a
10 hour day, and the question of labor
P. M. ABTHCH.
legislation was also brought np In NeW
York in 1828 a bill for a mechanic's
lien law was favorably presented to
the legislature, bat not acted upon. The
next year a workingman's ticket was
put in the field the first on record
but every nominee was defeated but one.
It seems that at that time the elections
extended over several days, and at the
close of the first day it was seen that
the workingmen were ahead, and so the
other tickets were hastily combined to
defeat the workingmen 's nominee.
There were many workingmen 's papers
then, as- now, judging from the allu
sions to thnm in the files of such jrabli
catton as have been ptusertod, thougn
no . copies of the wetkingmen'e papers
themselves are known to be extant
Robert Dale Owen was prominent in
the movement, and so was Edward Ev
ent. Ifho addreswd a mooting of
"farmers, mechanics and other work
ingmen" held ia Boston, Feb. 16, 1881.
At this meeting arraaoemenbi were
made for the holding of a conven
tion on Sept. , 1883, and at this con
vention, which, from the old records,
appears to nave born very well attend
ed and was presided over by Charles
Douglas of New London,' Conn., ten
points were submitted for consideration.
aaioiiows: 1. organisation of a central
committee for each state. S. The insti
tution of lyeennu or institutes. 8.
Reform in the militia system. 4.
The expediency of calling national
convention of workingmen. 5. The 10
hour system. 6. The effect of banking
institutions and other monopolies upon
the condition of the laboring classes. ?.
The improvement of the system of edu
cation, including the recommendation
of such legislative enactments in rela
tion to tho internal economy of factories
as should a-Kore to the operative there
in a competent dogroo of rostmctioa.
8. The abolition of imprisonment for
debt and the adoption of a national
bankrupt law. 9. Tho extension of the
right of suffrage in states where the peo
ple wore then denied its privileges.
10. ine lien laws in favor of journey
men nnd mechanics. Landed interests,
taxation nnd co-ojhxafive tr; SlMg were
also disenssi'd. - -
It would be interesting and profitable
to follow the development of the move
ment from this date perhaps, but the
limits of this article will not permit it
Enough has been given toshow that sixty
odd years ago the working people of the
United states had already begun the
agitation that has been in progress ever
since, and which, year by yar, is tak
ing np more and more of the attention
of the entire public and tlie lawmaking
branches of the national and state gov
The Orymnlytlo of Tfwlay.
Daring the six decades that harm
elapsed einw tho period of whir-h I have
written great strides hove liecn made.
The old days of 12 and 14 hours have
given place iu the majority of occupa
tions to mo 10 hour day, and the agita
tion is now for the day of eight hours.
In everv state lams have 1vn onantml
for the protection of workingmen such
as were only areamod or then. Impris
onment for debt has practically ceased,
great strides have been made in the di
rection of the abolition of contract con
vict labor, and in many states boards of
arbitration have been creatd, and in
many ways the law now takes cogni-
1. U. SOVELKIGX.
canoe of matters that are of vital interest
to workingmen. No matter how indi
vidual opinions may differ as to the val
ue of labor organizations, thf-re is no
doubt tbat without their aid the men
would never have won tho victories
which they prize so highly, and despite
their defeats, which have been many
and sometimes believed to be crushing,
the organization idea is gaining ground
There ore two great divisions among
the labor organizations of the United
Staff. In the first may be classed the
great railroad brotherhoods, the onions
affiliated with the American Federation
of Labor and the international and na
tional trades onions. In the second may
be classed the assemblies of the Knights
of Labor and the American Railway
union. The basic difference between
the two types may be summed up in
tVio ctatn.1111.1t tK.. ...... I. ..S ,L.
firsn class pocseases autonomy as to its
own wicai anair. it orders its own
strikes and directs its own luml nnlii-v
whereas the assemblies of the Knights
of Labor are to a much greater extent
eoverned bv the ceneral ofTicm . .f tha
order, as are the local unions of the A.
n. Li. by tne general o facers of that or
der. The unions affiliated with the Fed
eration of Labor, for instance, bear
about the same relation to that organi
zation that the states of the republic
bear to tho federal government, all local
laws and rules being made by each un
ion, while the K. of L. assemblies are
governed by rales laid down by the gen
Manv efforts have been madn ImL-in
to closer unity between the different or
Kauizatious. and three "harmrair m.
ferenoes" of national scope have been
Held within the last year. Samuel
Gompers. head of the federation; Gen
eral Master Sovereign of tbo Knights of
Labor; P. M. Arthur, chief of the Broth
erhood of Locomotive Engineers; Frank
Sarsent' chief of the nnitK,4il nf
Locomotive Firemen: Eugttne V. Debs,
president of the American Railway un
ion; John MoBride of the United Mine
Workers and most of the ntlx 1A
are all in favor of unity, but for somo
reason it has so far failed to material
ise. Possibly the national recognition
of Labor day as a holiday may tend to
nasten its accomplishment
L D. Mabsbaul '
Tbo otten Boaaty
Thrives on good food and sunshine,
with plenty of exercise in the opea
air. Her form glows with health
and her face blooms with its beauty.
If her system needs the cleansing
actios of a laxative remedy, she uses
the gentle aad pleasant liquid laxat
ive, syrup ot rigs.
The A rqis World's fair series is
is popular daman. Pretwrv It.
L tliaTT Tvsars sissiaUssi s Cs4arU wtth tno sm sf
U H1'" - yernsH m sfisafc mf H wtO gs 11 aag.
ItJsnansirHinaily Ifcstait risaidy ibr Isrfnsrt- 4 CfcOfcsai
vH n ever It U narml s Chlldr HW H. It
svMhsalMatkbIt wtn .est tfcetr Bv . In H Math a Wr
sail Wan, which ta sAiaUtaly tm mm peMeally j4wt a at
Caaaav4a Seetyaya yaaso.
Caetsa-Ie. eJlnyaTes iAaiaeja,
C twtn area ante m-aasHtaa; Isnr CeauL
Cm trlst ralWv Ttfcfaav Tr M .
C erU w 0-.tlpa.ttai mm. TTattulanty.
Caatorin "-tea the f 4. ragmjnt tha rtaw h mm4 Wwala,
ttrvtng h Hhy nn4 navtsjaj alaoy.
O torU ia sat wp tm mam -at WW only. It ia aeld tn WTh.
P t alloi naty mma to eaU T nnytMng alae tho nles) or yvaanl
tfcnt ft ia "Jt g 4 " 4 wfll aaww ovry jry o."
that y got 0-A--T-O-m--A.
Children Cry for
Ladies that do their own housework
or cultivate flowers will find our
Just the thing, as they not only protect the
hands, but keep them toft ana white. Try
We are headquarters for Garden Hose, Reels. Sprinklers, Msckic
intoshes and Knbber Clothing. Hospital Supplies aad
Kubber Goods of all kinds.
WILSON, IIAIGHT & CO,
307 Brady Street, Davenport.
Remember that you can always find the latest styles
and largest assortment in the tri -cities at
Hason'o Canriogo VTorhn
T. F. BURKE,
Steam and Gas Fitters.
C::l Itl-j Hzitl:i
i:i Fl::z Ci.
Hot Water Heating
119-121 E. 17th St.
Rock Island, DL TeL No. 1288
tola Areata for taa Panua.
Plumb8ro, Steam, Gan Fittera
Hobm Heatiac &ad Sanitary PlamUac. Baaement Bock Islaad Hat. Bank
132 01132 4
oLyMeek'aaai Oaalial PWk. lara kIoa. MaWadyataaaUDavaa awt.la
JCSX CCSATS3, Proprietor.
Tho ctcttVVir. Ucsert.
earWnia acid g t fes a nfcf.
IN DRESS SHIELDS we offer great bar
gains. The Goodjeart Seamless Stockinet
arc impervious, and can be washed or
cleaned. Also the rubber lined Zepbjr nnd
Silk Shields in stock.
Of Carriages, Harness,
Laprobes, Whips, eta
See. aad Tret
Cesr tnd Cissrs thrsn