Newspaper Page Text
' i'.,ni.tPi.r i:ht ir.v mA i I
-Ty1'' in !i'r" " " iiiiTir vniiif WHS
.;H- I't.wo in nnxMint of
. Th-triniU-r m onion paid was :,i,nii.
,iitff'"l"l,",i,"7,"ij yuar 01 tu.aii,
4.l Hi''"' ralue 'as;vA4ll.j!t, an incroasa of
I ' ' - - ----- -.- .
Fr.m Hi" fn-fjoltiff statements it arpoirs
,t th- r-tii ts-tiw nl m mpy orders and postal
. - f .r fhi Tl tr ftTTl't2ntHi tr !,-...-.
r,.rs sti.l tm-kii:'-s am nnto-l to IUH.tf.
T.-Mr .iiiht contrail, re-littinu
,,i 1.1 ill Transit inum-n ctir.Trarrs, ntll in
tn -mT and amount of supplies asei ju
, ..rvl". nm uniting tn nil to $IA,Hlx.mT.4u.
T';; . r.-iv.rl sl-i rillt:lns! a Tllltiutili, r.,,4t....
t, ., tn t'l liistnr i'f tli.-nnivprsnlrMii.tiil tml.m
. i ni'ii-iii. iit wh'eli atniunts practically to
t ,. . stii' li-Imicnt of nne postal system tnr t
,., i iviIim 1 w.wlil. "eial attention is dj.
r. i . i,. t.iis Hii.j.-r m this fine. In riow of
t'io r.-.-t tli.it th- next mnirrnn of the uutnn
mi: m ! In ituhlii'jion in Hl.'.an't It is Imped
tlut timely 'itnn K'i I b taken in the tlrm:
ii -n iTfi'tiii preparations for tliat iwnt
fii.-1 tni'tfr m-neral r.'n 'wn llm snirirs
i, . ! ni in-- w i-Hir iiuii me iiepart-
r; in .T.anzntion I ln-ro.isl to the oxt 'tit of
, - ..itiiiilirvri .listriet iMrrisionof nil twN m
...l.i-.. mill In tills ftiii-nMti.in I fniiH
.,. re sre now roT.mi'tcHl with tho post
. .-tiil'lisl.inent :t:.n;i einplovissi who are
n fh Ins-irte.1 TtW. Thin includes msnv
.... 1.... pluuill.l ........ al... . '
,.. tli itiiMtiT-eiTiiL lirt i.i at w thut un.
' ' !' '-' -Wl im IIITlll ot UltMUl-
i.i-r'M'iii 'tv.n i.nly to MrtMiKthcti thtcon
v ii n n to th ( ill nt working of tbioivil
r' fcv Uiw iu tlu Itrniii h of thu pulilic s.-rvico-
OUR NEW NAVY.
Vows nw ItiillillnK Will Iln Completed
l Hip K.nil of Ihr Flncal Vrar.
,". M'i'.i iirill.-il tii tho rep.irt nf tlio n-rre.
t.irv "f ;li- n ivy. which rtnwi vitjt Krtifymi
i, r,, i, t'ie po-istrtii-tiici of mIiii.
it i'iir row n:ivy. All thn ves.u
ii v lr.il. I'nit. liiHnillna t'io
ii, r t 'T I" l BTth irij-d hv tno lat .-
. I . '.!" .in i .'vi'iitinir tho Hint ola.
I'.. : . .i;p lown. will roljil.iv he i- i,,i"t -(l
ii i:r.,:,',.M'.i:!'.m:;n.'.':ii3r ar. 'i'hr rotiiuulcsfor
t...' in.-n'.i h i f th- nary for thi vourenii uu
Juii . an- lurfr, hut th"y iiirluilc prmv
i.i.lv ti "itirr im nn vMurir tocoiuini'iQ
i mi I'.i I' all th n.v not now in rom-
:. :. - fiat mil n n w rIiIim uri author
i .1. tii"ii!iT"iiriatn tin for the naval Mrvirp
tli ti . in yir oniliiii: .In mi Sli. I U7. should
I r! h. ;..w tiiua:m lor thucoiuiutr year by
I a-r l'.i.ii.
Tli - '.'r.-wiry jir'ti, with nvtrh earnint
r.." a i : a f.ir th amliorixa'.ion of thrw adili
: I. it ! -ln nml ten or twrlve t irpedo
' a . Wnil" th umrm ird y.via -U hor.itoforv
a .:'i ri' i. iniiiiilitii; tli.rv now urariut; c im
r: :i ii v. nl uti'.titu'u a flmt winch, it i
.. 'i.ui-.l. k sniMo.it'iit fornnlinarycritisinKpnr'
t - . in ! mi-of pif, h hare now compu ted
jii.i 1 1 pro mil roiKtrui'tum Imt four Urnt
. i- kittle hsp and hut few torpedo honu
I' v a-., to lue a n'- forwarlikeoeraHon-..
. .t. ii-iveand defrtimive. ne certainly ounht to
ti r- i-.' l.th the uii.-ulwr ot battlo-ahip and
t v. I trqitl
peiiii I-lmit neiiilreil.
T!i" iii.innfai-iuru of armor roiuires expen.
r.- ..rit arid the ncroiiation of m my kiMd
.;t.i":i. Ad the armor ne.-mwury to c iinp.ete
t.i.- i"-.'Utiow huililin will o ili liyerwl be
t r. tiie Kt of .luiie next. If no new eoi'trneti
- it! .-n . nt ctiiitrat'torn must di'l-aud their
t iii. ii .in I their pionlr. mut lie idle. Knttl.
.i:; .rit i...-1e.t at thir. tinm would not lie well
u. r w.iy until late in the tinea, n nr. ami at
lei-t Mirev y.-iim and a half from' the d itL-
'.:..t..:i;ra. I wo lid ) reipiirod for theircolu
1 t-....t Ih.- rvt-retary ntatea that not mtim
t.i i 1 1 per i-ent. of the eont of ueh nhitx
u-i i. in.linletl the appropriation.-!
i.r tn- eiminK year. 1 rertunmend thaS
ir..M.:.n K. made for tho eon-iruetiou
. iM.tit.n.il huttlpshitM an I torcio l.ats.
,h- rreiary rtcinimcndi . Hie manuf.ie
t ir i,..t ,H,ly f rewrrs an,,,,!,, f onl
...i.i"a.,d oniuance mntorial for Khlpn of the
. ,.i i.'if ii,.amiopy f,.r th. auxiliary fleet.
i. i H.iiii: tlevr aitpurt--iiair?a Hhoitld lie pro
.. iiaii.. k.tpt on Hand tor hoth thew pur-.-...
w,. nave not tod.-w a Kinule (run that
.! I ! i 'it upon the nti: pi Pari or New York.
!'! Ii".'rii,ui,,r,n Nayiimtion company. or
"t'"r i up of our re-vTve narr. Tn.. mauii-
tii'.'. i fun n at the W.udiniirt.in nnrv yanl
i -i . i,., ; Niti-ifnctorilr and none of our
' "i' !- w.ll I-., ixpurnl to wait for their
ur . r ..rdniinei' eiuipment.
Ai.ii.ii--.ria.it onierlua lren Issued by tho
" '""')"( the nary co-onPnatln the itutint
o: in.. -u-i.-r.il hurra. in roni--nnnl in m run--"
"f -- oi ' naljia. Ill in order, it Is kcli-red
.i , . -re toa ureater extent than h-ta hnre
! " " lihle tno harmonioui ai-tiou of
t v. r.il l-nru in, and niuke thu athiiu-
i: : i f th- et rult- more rertatn.
1' r i.4 tli" t-ant n.-al year there mia heen an
ii . :..i.il iii. pr-wn demand m many quarti-n
t i w.r.tl fo,- tne prtnwni n of ve-eUi lo
..r. Vin.-ri.-an Intcnstr.. u Jaiiuai-r I ant
uri.in the llrar-il iiinni-re.-tlon a liu Ileet wa
c '.:.e.-nf rated In the narnor of Klo d Janeiro.
ii- vu- roie. action of Kear-Admiral Iteuham
: Mill- tinif t lei pet-tonal anil commercial
i .-iit...f ..,ir citizen durinir the ilinturixsl con
;. t . I'- aiiord-l r.niilt which will, it ia lw
i 'I. Ii." . a lar-:e. hlllK anil wholeriome m-
n wli- n.-yer In like cir.nm-itanc.-s It may
' - n n.-. . -.lry for our naval commanderH to
' ' "ii "Half of our peojile m fon-ixn
1 it . The war now in prutrrem ln-twp-n hina
.1 -l-ii-un h.ir. render.i.1 it n.-c-s-airy or ex-"-I
to dliatcli eutht resM-ls to thowi
..-.r I Sold in- aeen-tarr of tlio nary and
tn r. fury of the treasury reomm-nil thu
tia-i- r ..t tiie wora of the coast survey proper
t - navy deim-tment. 1 heartily concur in
t:,i. r- '-..nitu.'n iatiou.
I n !i: limr AiasknniidaTery amall nrea be
" "'! the work of m ipp.ni; and chartniK our
ii,. i...i com l-tei. Tho hvdroicraphiH
t . hi. h must he done over and over avatn
i v r-a-.-! of i h.-shift inland TaryniK dentils of
' i't . n,,ii:.in u,ni,i the acti.jn of struams
i:: ii-r-Molore in done under tho
ti..., ,.f n.-.val otM.-eni In suDordination to
" i eniitend- nt of the roast aurrey. There
iii to I... no rI reason why the nary
"i "inl not have entire char's hereafter of
" i r- irk. e-peeially as the hydr iifraphic
" i - f tli.- navy department is now. and has
ti l..r niiiny year. eiiH-aic-d In makiiiK efli
ci.'iit ni i entirely atmiiais to thoae prepared
i. ' th- i .asr surrey.
1 (-! it tny ims-rative duty to call attention
i. th.- i-.-ou..neinatioii of tiie iseitrotary in ro
" ier'iniieloftheliiiof tne nary.
i ii ' -n-nttiation of prohioti n in this, the vital
'r in. ii ..-the seryii-e, in so im'at as toserionsly
i'ii-m r Its ethcieiiey. i rollsider It of tho IK
"i i:i.p irtaui-e that t he yoiitiK and middle-..-
.It :.,.-rs snonld. before tho eve of retii-e-t-i-ni.
! s:rmitlcsl to reach a irrade enlitliiiK
ni in i.. ,., tiveaud imiiortiiiit dmy. The ays-i-1'1
i"l..ot,-.! a tew yea.s ao r.KU.-ititiK liioeui-
ii. .Miniit ot labor at the navy yards, is
I-;- .Uy upheld and lias fully demou
r.i.! its usefulness and expcdie.iey.
' is v.ithin t.i" domain of cirii serriiv retorm
' i.i-m i.'li as workmen are employed throilKU a
"" ltd of lais.r sei.s-ted at eii.-n nnvy-yard and
i" ' if i ven work wiiuont reference to io'itK-n
"i'i ni the order of their application, preter-'ii'-
. however, lieinir if i ven to army and navy
-.'i.-raiiH nu.l those liaring former navy-yard
' x, evii-e. Amendments sUKKestetl by expe
r.. n.-.. have leii mado lo the rules reulatini,'
ii system. IhroiiKii its oieration the work
.i' ir navy yanLs has been vastly iinprov.il in
- i i my a:i t, opportunity to work
.i.w u..n hone.tly and fairly awardoi
wi.iinis and coinjieteiit applicants.
i' 's ii.,,si mat it this systom continues to t
'f i tlv adhered to there will noon i as a
''"iral ..in, tpi.-n.-o such on iutlization of
i iriy i,.,nt n will remove all tomptatiou lo
-IX or ai-audon it,
""'"iiiinrniliitions or the Secretary Com- 1
tltemlelf to l iinop-u
1 Ii- repirt of the -en.'try of the interior
xiiii.its I oe Ml nation of the nilmeniiisaini in
i. r--,tin.; i.rnnr-ij.-i of the public Hervi-.s i-on-'
t-. with this depart men t. 1 commend tun
f-l- rt and the valuablj ris-omiiien.latio.ns of
.u-s.s-1-otary to the carrtul attention of the
"ii-rra.. rh pulilic land dis!osed of
' iriii tiie yrnr amounted to l.'.IHi.lol.T?
'"res. Ii.'-tii.lu.if rs;n.i-, of lnliau landa.
'"i-t niaicl tuat th- p'iblin domain still if
'iia:uiiin ainoniits to a little morn than 0Ml.
""r ... x.l.idiiiii, however, alsmt aii.it,tliw
r"' m A a.k.-i. as well as military roMrva
' "tn and railroad and other aeleeti uis of lauda
"t iii:iju..at".. Tiie total rash receipts
't":isu..,i lands am mntoil to ?2;.2-o.;'i in.
Ii''.i' x 'l''MlM toM.rixl for aola of Indian
1 'ii-It five tliinsand patents were lisuod for
'i" . iiluir.ii Ltnuaaud l patents were issued
" ii l'siisou allotini"lits of their boldiujrs in
''r:iHy, t m land so allottisl be nif lualien--i
so I,, the lodian allottees for a iieriod
t.entylne yeara after pitunt.
i ue-,. w,.ro riji-tifleii and patented on account
v ,r'u 'r'? nd waiton-road Krauts duriiiK liio
-ui s.L..Vsi. i a:rus of land and at the close of
"y';.rai..-iii.niilarriwwere embracea in the
"sol s-li tsiiis made by rallroid and wajfon-'"tupntu.-s
mid await.sl ts'ttlement. The
s 'tioa of swamp lamia ami that token a lli
uyuuuiy Uiergiox aiuc Ui yaaeatfs oi tile act
w. .j unifMijun:eu.
1 roteetlon or 1'ubllc Landa.
It annesn a.i .
thereon ta much l-Wtlmn.k"n!l .,he ,i,"bl
years ?JS lf?r Prertons
uiance of the work. A la rifor silm Pertor
than has been am "otiristedrio m of my
of year, past onhis'ae', hrbeen'r.li': .
mt aneTr?i. tl r of "'"utjon. I am
a eT.lo ,hw nrt"'" "lionld be made uy
An rxce.,,iUKly WitTSaft
the seeretui y re,at to tho manner i which
contwia and li,iat.st asos ifrowini:" l : .5
lumen. The entire ttMtimniiv uiHin which
akne orr'XSr dr,M!n'' iu 11 tueir "ta i,
inuen I eoro the lo al ri'Kistom and ree -ivers
mid yet tuese ofricers hav-; powi" to "n
J.it.niil. rh.we i asi-s. unmlierintr three or
fur thonsimd animally. are nt by tluT?o.-a,
i "'i 10 c"''''ner of the .eral Um
0111..1. for his act on. The cxiifi-nSica of hLs
other tlutu-a oblige him to act upon "he dec!"
ions ol the registers and nveivers wiVhout a .
-MUsirtuiiity of tliorom.-h -rsomil exaiu nati.m
J.siily two thousand oi tlMxe rase, Tare in'
ls nied anuunUy from the commissioner u tin,
a-s-retary ot the interior. Burdened with
teln l.,-'.','"" ta.ut "'''"iuistrative duties his de
termination .l th.-w aptaU must lie almmt
Tf o.h'rsl'iiwm ' ';rHli n""" "'iuu.m
ot oth r. iiiouKh this determination of th.- sec
ret .rv ,a,rtc as . fai adimlicaiion upou
rights c.l very areut inii-.rtiiui-.-.
of' t'iVo olm'i 'i"li 'iM " rommissioner
oi the iM'iieral laud o'hee shoulil lw reheved
lill'l that the .1,11!-ohm f th: court
shonld be final, nt hast so far the
decis,o,,s of the ,ie,,:,rtlm.i,t are now final
to .rr'T ""t-'1"'"8 Biven authority
I "ri"fy ,!""-ti"" "f law in matters of
ts-u.1 iiiiimrtaiieo to the supreme court oi
the I uiteo Suit. or the court of apis als for
the Ihstnct ,.f t olumbia for dw-mion The
crcat.ou of an.-h n tri'miial would expediatethe
il.spiMul of caws, and insure decisions of a more
MtiHf.n tnry chara.-ter. The reirist .rs and re
t'Kers who oriittnally hi-ar and decide the din
putes should be invested with authority to
theai wuue5SuH ,u tend and testify K-foro
Inulnns as Farmers.
TanuRh the condition of the Indians shows a
t.uly and healtuy projfress. their s tuation in
Jot satisfactory at all isrints. Soiub ot them
to W'hom nllotmeuts of laud have leen made
are found to t- unable or His, ir-lincd to follow
aifriculturul pursiiiia. or otherwise rteneHciallv
Juinaai- their land. Thia is espiM-iallv true ot
the t.ht-yeiines and Arapahoes. whuVi it an
jiears by reports of their uifont, have iu many
tnnUinc.'H iiover Iwu l.s-ateu upon their allot
ments, und iu Home casus do not even kuow
wncrn their aliotinent, are. Their rondition
h.xs deti-rmrateiL Tuey are not se ir-supportin,;
and thoy liye in camps and spend their time in
iillciiesK. 1 have ni as believed that allot -mut
of reservation lands to Indians in
severalty should he made spiirinuly or at
least slowly and with the utmost caution,
in these days, when white airriculturiHts und
st.s k raise a of exp.rieui. an I intelligence
nid th-lr lota hard one. we ouisht not to ex
pect Indians, mil ss far ndvaiiceil in civiliza
tion anil habits of industry, to support them
selves on the small tracts of land usually allot
ted to them. If the self snpiwirtiliK scheme hv
a'lottmcn f;uU, the wretcheil puuiK-rism of the
allottee- whicu n-sults i worse tuan their or
Imnul condition of rcnlate.l ileK.ideiice. It i.
evul. nt that theevil c iisejueni-es of ill nil v s-d
lillottinelil an- iiiti-n.-ilieii iu nivs where the
first stepcanuot la.-rt.trwvd on ac ount of tho
jmri-hns- by the rovenui-nt of reserv ti n
Jands mtiamini; alt r alio tmciits are m ule
and the disposition of such reniaiiiiiiK lands to
acttlers or i-urcha-crs from the R-overument.
I am eonvini eil that flip proper solution of
the Indian problem and the su. sn ot every
step taken iu that direction, depind to alariee
extern us.n tue iiiteiii"eiii-e and honesty- of
th- reserviition audits ami the interest tnev
have iu their work. An nwnt fitted for his
place run do much toward prcparimr tiie In
uiaiiMimler his charge fur citizenship and al
lotment of their lamls. and his adyii as to any
runt ter concern iiif tiieir welfare will not mis
lead. An mult aueut w ill make noetlort to ad
vance tiie ludiulis en his reservation toward
civilization or preparation for allot meat
of lauds in sev. rally. and his
opinion as to thoir cnud.tion iu this and
other reirarus is heedless and valueless.
The indications are that tho detail ot army
otlui rs as Iniluiii nifents will result inimprov. il
management on the reservations. V,'h.-neev
uliotments ure made uud anv Indian ou the
n'seryation hiui pr.-yiout.ly st-ttled uisin a lot
and cultivated it. or shown a disiitioii to im
prove it in any way. such lot should certainly
I allotted to him, anil this should be made
plainly obliifatory by statute.
taut Ion In Making Allotments.
In the li,fht of experience, and considering
the uni-ertiunry of the Indian situation and its
.-xiifcncii-s in tue future. I am not only disjiosed
to Ih- very cautious in making allotments, but
I incline to auri c with the s-cretarv of the in
terior in the opinion that w hen allotments aro
made the balance of reservation land remaiuiiut
after all. .tun in. instead of iihk Isnuht by tho
(jovernnieiit from the llifliansanil opened fo,-settlement
with such :-cmiials mid unfair prae-tii-e-,
as sis'm unavoidable, should remain for
a time at least at common land or Is? sold by
the (forernment on Is'half ef the Indians in an
orderly wny and at fixed prices to be deter
mintii by its location and itesiraliility, and that
the proceeds. It ss expens. should be held in
trust for the lienellt of the Indian proprietors.
The ilitellinenl Indian si IksiI illiinag. nient of
the past year has Leen followiMl hv the most
K ratifyiiiK r. suits. KfTorts luive lieen made to
a trance the work m u sound and practical
manner. Five institutes of lndiau teachers
have been held durinif the year an. I have
proved very lieuollcial thronif'li tho views ex
changed and methods d.seussed particularly
applicable to Indian education. Eli arts are
oeiuff made in tho direction (:f a cradual r..'duc
tion of the numlier of luihan contract sch.sjls.
so that in a comjiuratively short time they may
Hive way altoifether to Kovenimeut si-hisils anil
it is hfed that the changed may Is. so gradual
as to bi- tHsrtocted without too jfrest extiense to
the (fovemmcnt or iinilue disreffarr! ot inveat
ments made by thoee wi:o have establishments
and are maintaininir such contract schools.
The appropriation for tho current year ending
June .Hi. IMO, applicable to the ordinary ex
iense of the Indian M-rvico nmouuts to Si.,otl,
uci. PI. Iieins bus by filial. Ill.lil than the sum
appropriateil on the same account for tho pre
Pensioners on the Rolls.
At the close of the last fiscal rear, on the 31th
diy of .lune, lil, there were Hi!i.a44 persons ou
our pension tolls, liein a net increase of -t'VCJ
over tho number r.-'sirted at the end of the
previous year. Ti'.ese Iiensioners may be classi
11. .1 as follows: Soldiers and sailors, survivors
of ail wars, i 3.' C; wnlows an I elatives of do
eeaae'l soldiers, "I---.1II.: army nurses in the war
of the relielliou, 414. Of the e jiensioners ;l.'.U(.i
aro snrvivini: soldiers of ltnlian and other
wars prior to the late civil war, and the
widows and relatives of such soldiers.
The remainder, nnmiirnuir IC17.4IIV. are rei-eiv-ins
jiensionson account ot the war ot the rebel
lion, and of the 4o!l.:H4 are on the roils under
tho authority of the act of .(mie7. MM, some
timea calleil the dejiendent pension law. The
total amount exiiended lor pensions durinit the
vear was Si:v.flM'b" ', leavmif an ujcxH-ii.led
balance from tiie sum appropriated of Si'cnia,
;i2 ikV. The Mini necessary to meet pen-ion ex
penditures for I up year endlliK June M. UM, is
estimated at el..'"'."1". , . .
The commissioner of pensions is of the opin
ion that tho vear MB, beuiu tue thirtieth after
the close of the war of the relsillioa. must, according-
to all aeusible human calculation, sue
the hitth-st limit of Hie snsion roll, and tlmt
alter that year it mnst Iwk to decline. '1 ho
claims iiendiug in tue bureau have decreased
more than O during the year. A larne pro
po. tun of the new claims Med are lor increase
of lK-nsion bv those now on the rolls. Tne num
ber ot certificates issued was tsUlil- The uanies
aropiied from the rolls for all causes during the
year uumliered a7.!6l. AnioiiK our pensioners
iru nluo wiihiwa and three daimhters of soldiers
of the revolution and forty-hve survivors of
the war of lli
Tension Frauds K posed.
The barefwed and extensive pension frauds
i xnosed umler the due- tiuii of tue couriiiteous
aniTaeucrous vetcrau soldier now at the h. ad
of tho iiureau, leave no room fo- the claim that
no purifntion of our iK'iision rolbi was neeileil
or that continued vijplauce and prompt action
arc not neceasary lo the sane end. Tile ac
cuaalivn that au eftort lo detect uenatou I. auda
js erldenee of nnfrlon.l!in3ss towards onr
worthy vet Tans and a d nial of their elnims to
ins K, nero.ity of th t Government sucRests an
an'ortiinateiiidlfferenfOtoihe commi-aion of
ayy ofTeiise whk-h has for m itire tho recnri-ig
ot a jnsi.in and in ii.-at a a willing-aess to be
ojnd to ths existence of mn und trvnchL-rons
Primes whk h play up deinaitoific feareand
make s'Hirt of the patriotic impu&i of a graie
The oompl -tion of the eleventh census is now
f "barge of the comm'neon .r of lalsir. The
total irou-s.-me:its on -.-ount of the wark
lor tho fiscal year e-.'linr Jane 8H IH'H,
amoim edtoSM).:ibi.n?H.y. At t'ie clos-ofthe
7 ar the number . f per ons employed iu tne
c-nans ofhco was 7. At present th re are
about 4(1,1. The whole numlier of volumes nec
cssiry to comiireh-nd the elccutu census will
Vie twenty live, and they will cintiin aiSid
Srtiitot pattee. Thj assurance is con
itn ,y - made t at b fo e
mo com of the present calendar year the
niHteriul still ine.impleta will be practie illy ia
bnnd and the c -iisus can certai ilv I lo-i-d bv
M,ir.-h 4. 1H.U, Aft-ar that the 'revision and
proof read hut necessarv to bring out the vol
uraea wiil still lie reouired. The text of the
census volumes has no -n limited, as far as pos
sible, to the analy-is of th . statistics presented.
Ihls method, which is in aecordiince with law,
hR8 caused tm.ro or less friction, and in some
instances personal disuupoiiiimeut. for wueu
tne con-mtssionor of lahur took charm of the
work he found much matter on hand which.
"""J""''''' to th s rul . he was compelled to dis
card. The census is liointr prepared av irdinit
to the tiiiHiry that it is de.-ii.ned to ci lis t fa-t
and certify them 1 1 the pulilic not to elabor
ate arguments or t prescui persoual views.
Stndy or UrmamU for American rrodarts
in Foreign Markets.
The socretai y of agriculture in his report re
views the ois-ratious ol ir.s depart inent tor the
last fls al year, and makes re:-ommen:lationa
for the fur, her extension of its useiutueiM. He
rejsirts a fawn;; iu expenditures duiniv; the
year of Jii u irm. which is covered ba -k into the
treasury. Tlussiim in SI imt cent of tue entire
upproi .nation. A spi-c.al stu.ty luot U-L-n made
of the d-mund for American farm pro lin ts iu
all foreiiru markets, esjieciallv l.reat Kntain.
That country receiviii from the I'nited Stat.i
diii iiijf the nine moiillis emiini; S.'pi. :m ism.
ili).'.llu live l-ef cattle . allied at Sai.KI.imil, as
aifainst t-i.'ill cattle valued at lii.ii..imi(lur
lim th.'sauie pi.-ri.Kl for MM, Iturinit the first
six monihs oi ikh tiie I nited Kiuifdom took
i II- imi.iMi pounds of drtwed bw-i from the
L nit.Ml States, valitisl at nearly Jliu,ii The
repoi-t sliows that iliirnu; the nine iiionllts im
mediately prwviline; Sejit. :i, Ihllt. tile fn ted
htat-s ex'.Kjrteil Pi (ireat Britain J-iI.tl70,ixaj
iHninds of poi-fc: of apples. l.Wni.iiiiii. valued at $1.
&! . j and of homes. 2.M1, at an averaip value
of SI per head. There was a falliu otf in
Ameri.-iu wheat exKrts of i;, ln.u o bnshels,
and tho socri'tarv is lie-lined to lielieve that
wheat may not. in th . fin ore. lie the stuplo ex
port cereal produi't of on country, but that corn
will coutinuo to advance in important-- as au
exisirt on accolltit ol the new uses to which it
is constantly . e.UK apiirop. iuted. The evi orts
at atfric It ral iiroducts tnimtui-l'iilteil states
lor tne risi-ai year eudiUf; June -v. it-4. amo mt
M to Sii;.-,:.w,o. 8 being per cent of Ameti
ran eximrts of every description, and the
tuited KiUKdom of tireat Britain t.sjk more
'-ban . 4 is-r cent of all farm products Umliug
Important Lines or Research.
The d parim nt of airrinultiire hu under
taken duriiiK the year two new and iinpurtunt
I n-ssof resea-ch. The Hrst relaiei to (tras-es
and foraife plant ..with the purp'sof instruct
and laiu.hariz.ng the peo .le as to the dis
tinctive (trasses of the Inited Stales and teach
.UK thctu l ow to iutroduce valuable foreiirn
r.iia e p ants whi. h may lie adapted to this
siuntry. The s -cond relnt t agricultural
xulsaud crop priHluction, involiiiiK the au
ulysisof saui.le soils trom till sections of the
Americau uaion, to d-menstrste their
idaptibility t. ia-ticular plants and
.Tops. .Mechanical analyse, of soils mnv
lie of such inestimable utility that lit i'
foremost m tho new 1 nes of agricultural
research and the secret iry there. ore recom
?nds at a division haviiiK it in charire lie p. r
nmuently estalilisl.ed in the d "pirtmnut. The
amount npjirupriuiert for the wenrner Irarean
was Sifil.iim of that sum Sl:!.s,fii. or 14 per
?ent. has been saved ana ruturnetl to the
treasury. As iluistrati k the usefulness of
thiss-rvice. it may be here stated that the
wuniintrs which w.-re verv K'-ueral.y iriveu
of i wo tropical storms occurring in jsetitemls.-r
and Oittoiior of ihe jireseut year re
suited iu detaining in port S.3US
vessels. valneil lit Ki.SMI.'.l!:) lailen with
car'm-s of probnlil.' still irreater value.
nat is much more inii.rtant und "ratlt viiu;,
many hiunan lives on tuc-e i hips were aiso uu
doub.edly saveil. 'I be anp; opriation to the
bureau ot animal iuuust'ry was $,-iu.iiii, and
theexiiend tures tor the year were only S4!i".-4-i'.l.
thus laviii)t unexemled $3t.5?ii.7t!.
The insiin-tiou of Iwf animal- lor evp.irt and
niter-siatj trade has lieen continued and 11'.
'Jll.Osi bead w.-re ius)iei'ted durmif the vear to
a c. st of 14 routs per head, airainst 4-'l5j isnts
for Is..:). Tuo amount of pork microscopically
examined :i.'i.4:i;.!il7 puimls Uifamst ai.ti7r,41il
ismnds in the prcc-iiiift year. Tho cost of
this lisp-.x'thiti has lieen dimiuished from 4
certts per head in Wi to lily cents in 1S;4.
Tue CX ense ..1 insjiw-tiliK the Imrte sold in sH
totieimuuv and I ru ice liy the United States
w.is S.Mii.li. Tim niiiiutitv iu.sss-ierl was
ftie-tter by l.Vl".'i sinnda than ourinif the
proi-ediujf year, wueu the con ot such inspec
tion was $i72Jm.ik. Toe wN-reinrvof airncul
ture re iiiiiiueuils that the law providing- for
ihe microscopic inspection of export and inter
st-it' meat be s i amended as to couiel owners
ef ihe meat iuspe -ted to pay the cist of such
insMs'iioii aiiit I call attention to the argu
ments presented in his rciwrt iu Buppurt of
Exportation of Lire Cattle.
The life lieef cattle exported and tassred dur
iiiK the year numli 'red :iv:..-,k. This is an in
crease of '. Sfl bend ove.- the provions year.
The sanitary iusiMsrttou of cattle shipped to
Kurop -has co-t an average of HFI4 cents for
eai-h ani'tiol. ami tiie cost of iiisiivctuig south
ern citlleaut tha thsiufet'tum of cars and
stiH-k yard averages 2.7 cent per animal. The
scientirtc iuqui les of the Iiureau of animal in
dustr. have pr..grersed steadilv during the
year, llu-h luherculiu and inallein hare been
furnished to state authorities for use 11 th:i as
r cultural coil -ges and exiwnmunt stations for
he treatment of ttitieiculofis and elauders.
Quite rei-entiy thia di iiartment pubPshisJ the
resutsolits investigations of tsivine tulier
culosis. and lis r.-s.-arch-i will Is' viirorouslv
contuiui ii. Cer.aiu herds in the District of
Columbi 1 will l thoroiignlv insiss-ttsi and
will ptolaibiy slipplv uliequutAi sro)n- for the
lepai'tmeut toiutelliKeiitly prosecute itsscient:
lic work aud furnisn suiib-ient material fir
punioses of illustration, description mid dcri
nit oa. The sterilization of milk susHsted of
containing the bacilli ot tuls-n-uliisis has Is-en.
duruu- tue year, very tlioroughlv explained 111
a ieiilut by Ir. I. . Salmon, the
chief of tho bureau aud given general
circulation throughout tne country.
The olliis. of experiment stations, which is a
part ot the United States department of agri
culture, has during the past yeareugagitl itself
aim st wholly iu preparing tor piiidirutiou
works hasi-d upon the rewrts of a-tricultural
exisn-iment stations aud other institutions for
agricultural inuuiry iu the United States uud
The M-cretary-in his report for land, called
attention to tuo fact that tho appropriations
made tor the siipjiort of tho experiment sta
tions turouithout tho union were tho only
moneys taken out of the nutional treas
ury by act of congress for which no
accounting to federal authorities was ro
iiuirtsl. KcBiKiuumg to this suggestion,
toe Kitty-first Congress, in masing the appro
priation tor the dci artmeut for the present
Hscal year, provided that:
"The secretary of aericttltnre shall prescribe
the form of annual financial statement required
by section 8 of said act .if March x, IKK7; shall
ascertain whether the expenditures under the
appropriation hereby mad aro in accordance
with the provisions of siiil act, and shall maxe
report thereon to congresi."
Illnnk Forms Sent Oat.
The best service of the stat Lsti.-ian of the de
partmei.tot airriculture is the ascertainment,
by all dilliguuce mid care, ot the actual
and real conditions, favorable or un
luvornbie. of the farmurs and farms of
the ctiantry and to see the causes which pro
duce those conditions to the end that the facts
ascertained may guide their intelligent treat
ment. In obedience to tliis law, the agricultur
al department immediately sent out blank
forms of expense accounts to each station and
propones in aduition to make, through trusted
exis-Tts, systematic examination of the several
nations during each year for the purpose of ac
quit iug bv personal investigation the detailed
information necessary to enable the secretary
of agriculture to make, as the statute
provides. satisfactory report t con
gress. The boards of management of the sev
eral stations, with great alacrity and cordially
have approved the amendment to ths law pro
viding this supervision ot ineir expobditures,
anticipating that it will increase the einVieney
of the stations and protect their directors and
managers troia luo-e charges concerning their
tue of public funds, besi ues bringing the de
iwrtmeut ot agriculture into closer and more
confidential relations with the experimental
stations aud through thoir joint service largely
increasing their usefulness to the agriculture of
the country. Acting upon a recommendation
contained in (he report of 18KJ, congress appro
priated S10,mi "to in sloe the 8ecrotary
of Agriculture to investigate and re
iwrt ujioii the nutritive value of
various aiiicle and Gouuimaitivs uwm! forhu-
TUESDAY. DECEMBER 4. 1G04.
min food, with special suTgnstlon of fall,
wholesome and edible rations leas wasteful and
inure economical than those in common nse".
Under this appropriation the department has
reepsred and now has nearly ready f.ir distri
bution an elementary discussion of the nut li
tre value and pecuniary economy of food.
When we consider that fully one-half of all the
money earned by the waze-earuera ot the
civilized world is expended by them for food,
the importance and utility of such an investi
ga ion is apparent. The department ex
pended in the fiscal year 14!
4,:vl.i.M. and out of that sum th
total amount expended In scientific resean-h
was 45.t per cent. But in the year ending Juno
W), 1W, out of a total exjieiiiliture of fl.U4s.DHX.
, the department apphe 1 Sl.s per cent of that
sum to scientific work and investigation. It ta,
therefore, very plainly oli-rvolo that the
economies which have been practiced in the
administration of the department have not
been at the expense of scientific research.
Prom toe nons Free IMstrlbntlom.
The recommendation contained in the report
of the secretary for lsW.that the vicious svstam
of promiscuous free distnniiti m of its depart
mental documents be abandoned is again n tired.
These pubUcations may well Is. furnished with
out cost to public libraries, educational insula
tions, and the office- aud libraries of
Mates anl of the Federal government,
but from all individuals applying for them a
price covering the cost of tha drs-um-nt asked
lor shiuld lw required. Thus the publications
and documents would be s cur d by those who
really desire them for prop-r purKea. Half
a milli'in nf cotii sof ihe rejsirt ..r the set-re-tary
of agricul-ure are printet for distribution
at an annual cost of about three hundred thou
sand dollars. Irge nuinliers of them are
cumbering store rooms at tliecapitol and tho
helves of second handed lns.k stores ihrough
ut the con-itrj-. All this la or and waste
might be avoided if the r-comtnemiatlons of
tin asnretary wera ad'ipteiL The ai-eretary
aisi a aiu recommends that the g atnitoua
distribution of seeds cea";.. aud that no money
be appropr at.-d for that pnrposo,
except to exiwriment stations.
He reiterates the reasons given in his re.ort
f,r ltftl for disisintinuing this unjustifiable
gratti ty and 1 fully concur ia the conclusions
which he has reached.
A further important utility In agricultural
statistics is fonn-i in tiiuir elucidation of the
relslion of tne supp y of farm protliicts to the
demand for III -in in the markcls of the United
States and of the world. It is deemed Hnible
that an sgrk-ultural census mav Is- tiken each
year thromru the geuts it the statis
tical division of the d'iiartrarnt,
such a course is commended for ti ml by tha
chief of that division, its s.-oie would In: 1
The area under each of the more imtrtant
crops. 2-The airgregate products of ea.-h of
such crops, a The quantity of wheat and corn
iu tho hands of farmers st a date after the
spring sowings and plantings ami beiore the
beginning of harvest: and also the quantity of
intton and tolmiisi remaiuiiix in the hands of
planters, eithnr at the same dale or at some
other designated time. Tho cost of the work
is estimated at $"pli.iil.
Work or Statisticians.
Owing to the peculiar qnalttv of the statisti
cian's work, and the lint urn I and a -.mired lit
ness necessary to its suceessfnl prosecution, the
secretary of agrii uitii'e expresses the opinion
I hat every issrson rmplopiMl iu gathering sta
tistics under the chief ot that division should
lie admitted to that wirvice only after a
thorouh. exhaustive, and siu-eessful examin
ation at the hands of the United States civil
service commission- This has led him to call
lor such examination or candidates for the
position of assistant statisticians, and also of
candidates for chiefs of se t ion-in that division.
The work done by the department of agricul
ture is very sticrnciuP..v dealt w itb in this
-ominnnicatlon and 1 comniond the work of
the secretary and the very imtH.riant interests
with which it deals to the careful attention of
the congress. The advantages to the public
el-vice of an adherence to the principles ot
civil service refoi iu are lonstantir more ap
parent: and nothing is so encouraging to those
in oilicial lite wh: honestly desire gtHsl govern
ment as the increasing 'appreciation liv our
people of these advantages, a vast maiority of
the voters of the laud are ready to
insist that tha time and attention
of thtse they select to perform tor
them imXrtanl public duties, should not In.
distracted by doling out minor offices, and they
are growing to lw nuanimotis in regard. tig
party organization as something that should
be used iu establishing party principles instead
of dictating tiie uistnbution ol public places as
rewards of partisan activity.
National Hoard of Health.
1 am entirely convinced that wp onght not to
be longer without a uational Isinnl ot health or
national health nicer charged with no other
duties than am-h as pertain to the protection of
our country from the invasion of pestilemu
und disease. '1 his would involve the establish
ment, by snch Isiard or othcer. of proper quar
antine precautious, or the necessarv aid and
connsal to bs-al authorities on the subject,
prompt advice and assistance to local boards ot
health or health othcers in the su im
pression of contagious disease, and in
cases where there are no such local laiards
or otlieers. the immediate direction by the
national board, or officers of measures of sup
pression, consiam mid authentic information
coneiTiiing the health of foreign countries and
all parts ot our own count rv as related to con
tagious diseases: and consideration of regula
tions to Is. enforced in forcigu ports to prevent
tiie introduction of contagiou into our cities,
nno the measures which should Is? adopted lo
secure their enforcement. There seems to be
at this time a d-cided incliuatiou to discuss
meaurps of protection ugaiust contagious
diseases in international conferences with a view
of adopting means of mutual a sistanre.
The creation of such a national health estate
ltshmeut would greatly aid oar stunting in
such conferences aud improve our .p -rtuni-tirfj
to avail ourselves of t In ir Ixmcltis. 1 earn
estly recommend the inauguration of a na
tional board of health or similar national
instrumentality, believing the same to be a
ue.-dei precaution against cor.tauious disease
and in tue interest ot tho safety and health of
The Strike Commission.
By virtue of a statute of the United States
passed in Pks. 1 appointed in July last Hon.
John I. Kertiin, of the stete of New
lork. and Hon. Nicholas E Worthlugtou.of the
Mate of Illinois, to form with Hon. Carroll
I). W rurht. commissioner of lalsir. who
was designated by said statute a commission
for the purism.- of making careful inquiry into
the canses of the controversies between certain
railroads and their employes which hasrosult-d
111 an extensive and destructive strike, aecom-p-nied
by much violence aud dangerous dis
turbance with considerable lose of life and
great deatrn-tion of prois-rtv. The rcsrt of
the commissioners has Is-cn submitted to me
and will lie transmitted to coiigiess with tho
evidence taken u)on their iiircstigution. Their
w-oik has Iss-n well done and I heir standing
and mtclliKcnoe give assurance that the reisirt
and suifg-Htious they make are worthy of care
THE NEW TARIFF BILL.
Important Amendments Needed To Re
F.xectlted fleet ually.
The tariff act tMUwed at the lost session of the
rouuress ueeus iniHrtant ameiidmeuis if it is
to be executed eltectivelv and with certainty.
In addition to such nec. sssry aniundmeiite as
will not change rates of duty. I am atdl very
decidtslly in favor of putting coal and iron
upon the f nsj list. 80 far us the sugar schedule
is concerned. I wonld be glad, utiuor existing
aggravations, to see every particle of differen
tial uuty 111 tavor of rcfiucu sugar ttri. keu out
of the tariff law. If with all the favor now ac
corded the sugar refining int. est in our tariff
laws II still luwiuishes to the extent of clte-ing
retineries aud thousands of dis.'harged work
men, it would accra to present a hope
less ease for reasonable legislative aid.
n batevor else is done or.omitted, 1 earn.tlv
repeat here the r, .niiimeuilntioti I have made
in siiotuer tortioii 01 this communica. ion that
the additional duty ot one-tenth of a cent per
ponud Uu. I iion sugsr imported from countries
aying a bounty on its exe,rt Le abrogated. It
seem to me that exceisnnglv iinortaiit con
siderations point to tha propriety ot tli
With the advent of n new tariff tolicv. not
only alculated to relieve the consumer, ..f our
1 iid in the cost of their dailv lile but invite a
better development of Americ n lluitt and
cieateforns closer and more proli table cam-inni-ciul
relat nns with the test of ths
world, it lollows as Itnxl. al and im
perattve nere sity that wo should at
once remove the chief if not the only obsta
cle which has so long prevented our prticia
tion in 1 the foreign carrying trade of the sea.
A tapff built Usn the theory that it Is well to
check raiiiorts. and that a home market should
bound the industry and effort of Amera-an
pro.luoers, was ntly supplemented bv a refusal
to abow American registry to vessels ti'mt
alrroid though owned and navigated by our
people, thus exhibiting a willingness to
abandon all contest for the au vantages
of American trans-oceanic carnage. Our
new tariff policy, built upon the theory that it
ia well to encourage such importations as
our people need and that our products aud
manufactures should find markets in every
lart of the habitable glolw. is consistent It sup
plemented b,r the greatest possible liberty to
our citizens m the ownership and navigation
of ships i . which our products and manufacture-
may be transported. Tha millions now
I d t foreigners t.ir ca rrvinit American pas
sengers aud prodm-ts ac roes the sea snou o be
turned into American hands. Ship bull. ling,
which has bee 1 protected to strangulation,
should ba - revived by the pruaissn' of
p otttable employment for ships when
built, and tho A meri.-an sailor should he resur
rected and again tAke his place a sturdy aud
irMutrtrvjus drleen tn tins of pea" anl a patri .
otic and sa'a defender of American int-reata
in the dav of conns-l. Tie ancient prorisioti
of onr Is w don ring American registry to ship
built abroad and owned by American anpeara
ta the light of present condition not only to be
a failure fin- go si at every point, but to be
nearer a r.Mi- of barbarism than anything that
evtss under the permtaaton of a stat ate of the
Ur.tted States 1 earnestly recommend iu
prompt rt peal.
ISSUANCE OF BONOS.
Only Way, Under lmet Conditions, of
ftrplralshlnB Cold Keserre.
During th) list month tht gold irwn in
the treasury for th - purpose ot redeeming the
note, of the- goretnuient orcuiatioc now in
tne hands of the p -onle b came so -educed- an t
its further depteti.Ni ia the near future seemed
so certain that in the rxerci e of proper rare
for tbe pubile welfare it b ctuie necesasry to
replenish the reserve and thus maintain popu
lar faith In Ihe ability and nVt.-rrainatlisi ot
the government to meet, as agreed. Ita pe-nni-ary
obligation. It would nave b.-en well if in
thm emergency, authority had existed to
tssne the Iseiils of the rnvmrnsi t
bearing low ra of interest and
maturing within a bort peri.Nl.
lait the cjngren having fs lei t confer such
authority, resort wss ne.-ee-arilT bad to tbe
resnmpiiatn act of s;v and pursuant 10 its pro
risions b mds were issned drawing interest at
the rate ot & per cnt. per annum aud malrrina
ten years alter t1ir iasn. taat b-ing tue
Shortest time anthoriz d by the act. I am glsd
to say. howev-r. tuat m ihtwleof tlioe bon-ts
the premium re.seive.1 tN-i-ated to reduce ihe
rate of i t.-r -st to be paid by the government
to lists than V mt cent.
Notaiug c m.d be w.irss or farther removed
from sensible nnsnce than ih" n-latimis
exi.tiug bet we -n the currency thj rs
ornili lit has rssinsl. the g.ill held
for it r"drm.it on. au1 the nica s wbi.4.
must l resor"e-l to tor th" purpose of replen
ishing such rei!.-nipiM fund wim-u tnitmtred
Kveo if the claims nptHi this fond wcrecifliid
to the obligations origirsliy tutcmfcsj and 11 tbe
redemption of these obilgatsitis lis-slit tleit
-nuis-liatittu, rbe fund wo.ild l very sniaiL
Bui IhtssH obligations wlien received and re
deemed iu gold are not a-anndled I tut are re-is-n.sl.
an l mav dodittr ra mr times It tnr ol
drawing gold fr.nu the treasury. Thus we hav.
an entliis.. chain in .tp.Tai'on rvmstamlv depk-t
ing the treasury s giad and never near a final
rest. As if this was not bad en.sigh. we
have by a statutory declaration ibat n
is the policy ,.f the ffovemment t
maintain the imrlty bet wern ir.,14 and silver,
anted the ftirceacd mitmeutrm of tbi exhaust
ing proepw. and nddisl largidy to tiie currency
obligations) Inimiug this peculiar gold rsderap
tion. lur small gold res -rve is thus subject t
drain from every snle. Tbe demands that in-i-rease
our dines-r also increase the n-scesaty
nt iirot'si-tmif this reserve a.aiust fietdeimn
end it is ni s.t nu-atisfaciory to k m.w that the
protecti.-tn alTortle I iscmly a temporary futllia
ti m. It is M-rlt--tly aud psliai.ly plain that the
only way under present commit. us bv wbs-fa
tliis lestTTe wl.-n dang.-r.msly d.plsltsl.
can In replenished, is through the 1
sue and sale of the IsHlds of tli
pivernmenl f or g ld: anl yet congress ha Ui.t
only thus far declined to a-thcinzc tue issue 01
1 0111I. best sjit.il to such a purp"se. but tb-re
aretns a dis,eia t ion tn aome quarters to deny
both the uer-casity and b'twer for the issue of
Witt Utilise the Authority.
I cannot for a momsnt believe that sttrnt
our . itizi-ns are del herately w llmg t at then
itorei-nmenl shon d default in its pecuniary ol
ligutioitH sr t at its financial operation s ionl l
be reiuced to a silver basis. At any tale 1
a .oul.t not reel that my dn v was dime il
I o lulled any etl.t t I could ma e It
avert su-h a talsniity. As long, there
tore, as no pro.ision b nialc for the
flual retlrmptiou or the putting aside of th
cuirency ooligation now used to rep.sxtedly
and constantly draw in.m the government it"
gold and as tongas no better an h ir:tv tor
istnd issiHs. is alioK-ed than at pre..tit exists,
such authority will lie utilirel whenever end
as often as it tieromes nect ssai to maintain a
sutbrn-nt gold reserve, and in aimtidaut lim? tc
save theiredit of our cuntry and make gtsa!
the tiuauciai declaratimisof our gore nmetit
tjuiitions relulag to our btnks and
currency are closely conne. tid with
the subjoct jnst referrel to and they
also im-sent some unsnt sfai torv f.-atnrnv
lYouuneiit ansmg them ure tue lack ot elas
ticity in our cutr.Mii v ircnlntion a id its fro
qticul iitiu'entrat -oa In fluiuicial ceuter-i when
it is most n.s-iled iu ottier tiarts .if tiie rutialr y.
The attsolutc uivorc.-mjnt ot t he guverutneu'l
from the busuiess of batikmz is the ideal rela
tionslitptit the ir-.verani'-ut ti the nrcuaH,a
ol tiie cummcy of th? country. This condition
cautiot Ik ii-ime iuitely iea:-ttil: but a a step
in that dir.s-ti..n and as a meaus of ms-uring a
more ela-tic cirrency an-1 obviating otIi-r 00
jcvtious to the 1 ri-si-nt arrsnji im iit of
bank circuUfon. the s.s rctarv of
the treasury pres-nts in his rcjsirl a
scheme moditviiig present lia-iking laws and
providing for th isen- ..f cir-nlatmg n.ttesi by
slate IwliKs. fr.i- from taxa ion nuder cert a. a
hiuttatiotis. The sc. re i:ry explains bis p au
s.1 plainly and its adrantage are dev. lop.sj by
him uitb-u. u n-markab e cieariM-s. tha' any
effort ou my pa-t to pr -siMit arguni"nt in ii's
supH.rt wtmtd besuperflu ms. 1 shm.l therefore
s .tent myse f witu au unquuhried end.-se-meiil
of tiie re-Totury's p:iiMis.sJ ctianges in
the Inw and a b ief and imp.-rfe.-t
stateme it ot their promi-teut iratures.
It is proisised to les? .1 a l laws providuig for
thed -ptt.it of United stales boaus as soi-urity
fori mulitimi: 10 permit national banks tii
issue circulating notes not ex vssding in amount
'ia-rcv.it. of lUt-.r p.i l-un aud uuimtiaired
capilal provided th y deposit with tue gav-
II uiiieut. as a guarantee fmil. in United
States tir.t U-adeJ n.iies. including trea try
notes -f issM. a sum etfuai in ammitii ts-per
cent, ot th- notes tl.ev desire tt. Issue, this .lo
ll N,it to lie maititain-si at all times, but wheu
ever any buik retires auy part f itscircula.
tion a iros,r::o ml iart of its gurantee fund
sliall b. ret.irued u it; t' fN-ruitt
tne Msn-lary of the treasury to
preian aud keep on baud fi-adv t.r issue in
case an increase 111 c.rcnlation is tlsirtsl blank
natitinat batik notes lor each liaiik having cir
culation aud to repeal ibe provisiom. ol 1 lie
pr.-s.-nt law imiiosiug linutalions and n-atf-M.-t
ions umiii banks desiring to reduce or ua-rease
the rcn uiai i.ui thus n-rmiiting such ui. resr
or irsltiction within the limit ol ..I rs-r M-nt. t
capital to be quickly mado as ruergeucioa
For a Safety Fund.
In addi'ltm to tUe guarantee fund re-
?uired. it is projesd to pro v el. a sifetr
uud ir the unmediare r.si.nnptitm .'4
the ritvuuitihi; note of failed bsnas. by
iuiNsing a suia'.l animal tax. auy. -ne half
01 one .sr ein... Usm trie average cirt-ulntsfti
of each bunk until the fund amounts to t per
cent, of the to al circulstsiu out landing:.
A" lien a birk fails, its gu irantee fund is to Isr
Hiiri into this safety fund an I its notes are to
ia- nsltemed la the Hrst itutauce from such
Rnfety tunil thus atiimientttd. any nn.airmput
of such fund rau-cd iberetiy to be maiie gistd
frtm the imm-tl:at..tly avaiialde cash assies td
said lutuk. and it these . bmild Is- i: siirll.-itit.
su'-h niiiairmen1 to In marie good by pro-rata
assessment amtmg the otla-r isuik. their cm
tribntions co..stituting a first Iten
ms.n ibe assets of tne failed batik in
favor of the c -utrtbut nig Isiiik.
As a turtiit-r sts-unty tt is cuteuipiated that
tiie existing pr.oi-ion iixing the indiTtdual
lwiiilif y of stNkliol'kra is to be retane-d and
th-' bulk's IndebtediHss. na aertmnt of it cir
culatiii ; not-s is to Ins ma le a first lien on all
its a-seta. Kt-r tb.- purp.-ar of toe.-t in 4 tls ex-is-nse
,.f printing tmtis, -tncial suist. tsi.su.
-aiieellation and other like r-bargt-s. its-re aha I
be uii.l a lax. say. one-half of one nt i-nt. t--r
auutitit. 1 the average rntmiut -t iitMeN
in cirenlstpim. It is furtlier provide 1
tint there shall Is- no uational Iwnk
notes issued of bits d.mumiuatsHi than fl":
(Imt ea -b uational luk ex'-e) t in case nt a
failed bsu.. sh.U redsimrr leiire its ntrte. in
the ni at instance at rt . own nf,i, or uisn-it 1m
Le de. gr.st.-d 1 y .t, and that no ttxe-d r aorte
n eil ee maint lined on a.-cojnt of deposit.
F-xrmplb-Ha Inwi Tatutttota.
Another very im ortant teator of thi pUn
is the , xemption of rtate baua frnti tuxatto
by tbe tu.u- st .Ice iu cash, w here it is pbtmi
to the - at sla-:.on a the a- cr- tarv of the in aa
nry and c nit'trolbrol the curren-y by tanas
claiming sues exemption that ll.ey hsvr
not bad out tsinluiL.- their rlr-uuitti ff
I.- ri'sriiuB at.veuiy-uve nst e lit o
tiieir Imid tin and uiiiniiir. A -mirllsl'
tiiat Iheir stockholders are IihiivkusI1v lialtb
for the r.-deuiiti.tn ot ttveir cir.-nia.lng notes
to the full exteut of tiieir ownership ol stock:
inai im. iinoiiiiy oi snio isuia nsm tn ir cir
riilatma' notes constitute uiult-r rjM,ir .i.L.
law a first lien Usm tlteir assets; I list il h
banks have k.-pt and msmtainej a araarantasi
fund iu Umteu htulea legal tender notes in
clu iing treasuiy n.Mcsof ism is-ual to ai per
cent. 01 tls.r outstnudilig nn-ula ting notes
aud that euc'i Imuks have pnunptly re
deemed th.-ir c-rctilut.ug notes w ueu pr.tx nted
at thwr principal or brate-h -ttii-ea.
It is quite likely that this ts-benie may he uao
fiilly Diii.-iitied 111 stsnotf it oetails: unt I a
sat sliisl it turuislios a lavus tor a very great
improvement in our pre-enl bauaina; and enr
I loucliide tliis commutiicatl'in fnllr apts-er-1
atiug iftnt tberrsstii,ib,bty for all (egisu-tiaai
afte.-tiiig the NiiiM-d the United State rests
u,ou their re-irpsei:ttivcs in the oiigresa and
assuring t'.n ni that wh. ibr in as-oi-naw-a
w-.tn ris-ommendstions 1 have made or not, I
shall Ins guwl 10 cv-.perate in erterritig any
lecislau-.il that ten a to the praperily and
welia 9 of our iuinry.
'Sittn-rij tiiiKvr.n .u.vcutu.
llxoc-utl.e Uauaiuu, IX-c ii, look.
Face P oitihii
The drues which enter into it
eompontion are so perfectly harm
leas that it can be eaten without
the align teal injurious effect. Tbe
jt j .1 e
lnprrxiicnvs UHeu id tuo uiauunc
tureof this mort jnrtlj celebnted
Face Powder are elected not only
on account of their beautifying
propertif, but also by reamn of
their healing and soothing effect
upon tbe f-kin.
EvrnEss Josephixe is an invisi
ble Face Powder, which is on
equaled for raoothnews, "oflneM,
and purity, and is pronounced by
connoireurs "ftl tSSt Mfect tZtXT
In three shades: White, Flesh,
Fir Sail it 25c td SCc pr In, If
. II. THOMAS. Drticp-ist. cor. Sr-
enteenth St. and Second ar.
That llaemneii has told his
studio. This it not entirely
correct. It is simply a case
of adding new blood. Here
after, our card will read
raphers, and it means
Our motto is finest work at
lowest price. To demon
strate that we are not theo
rizing:, but mean what we
tar, we shall make
As Low as SI per Dozen.
We hare a special feature
for the holidart. Visit our
studio. In the matter of
quality and price we are
willing to compare with any
one on earth.
Rasmussen Free Co ,
1725 Second Are.
THE OLD nELUCtE."
HATES ft CTaSAYELAITB
rtepreaentine owar 40 M Olioa Dollan
of Cash aaseta
rire Life. Tom ado.
Bonds of Barvrrstiip.
OrrhCBmcm Bloc Sac lli. till,
srs ssu ratss; taaf arui
J. M. BUFORD.
Ocneral . .
Lesss Frcaptl? Ptil
f 1-r 11 l-r isllatls s iajij 1 aa
Tesr I'll hums M aollenam.
John Voile 5c Co.
Sash, Doors and Blinds,
A ad all kinds of
Woodwork for Builders
stfestfcajt, bat fife aa at mm
m. : iiaaati 1. a. a. i
CoonaHy 4 Caciially,
Attorneys at Law.
tM-OsBaja sjaj loak
Jackson fc XZunt.
Attoraeya at Lav.
Swessney ic Walter,
Attoraeya aad CoaaeeUora at Law
Charles J. Ssarls,
Attorney at Law.
ban lalasss at an ainaa -
McEnlry 6t UcEoirj,
Attorneys at Law.
I sa wwf na raaS atiiiiii am aaTlae
ttnaa, mt nun: klvsWU A Iu. -
Oatoa. rtauiais Btaoa. '
Oeo. M Kerns,
Architect and Superiatendent.
Offna for patent Arasrlnc. Koaai I THCt
dwaxd La, Rimitiitt
Oaux. Kooai at. aitcbrD Lrma Baudtea.
Geo. P. Stsudnnar.
riau aaul aapensMedcBssa tor an
Bulldtaca. Baaaas H aast av, attachalia Lyaaa
W. A- Daxllnc
Blta.asj n aaiit K
B. IL Pearce,
t aa il ta aUtckad LnaV
BuQdinc Taka aicastar
Dr. R. Jay,
OSoc at Blasatiiils Ursry eubto. Tnh I'Vaja
E L. MaratoB, M. D.
Offioe OTCT Barlz A ITliturjT irag store.
Rvldrar T Tvntv rntirtk sttwt. OA
tckF.uai.c IMC. Bmatsnc) K-lrjiaoar ISM.
Ofllr Bout ta 11 ta ana Sta4 andfeoa
. aw BouovaoBm, at. . . a. aasra, a, 1
Drs. Barth Ac Hollowbriah,
Physicians and Surgeons.
COea CXtafrast. TatRXnaa la
10 tall a. av,
1 tat asst t asta.
Dr. Chas. IL Robertson,
Eye, Ear, Kose and Throat Only.
OBoa, wuttaker Block, eoatbwast ooroar
Thtr aaS Bradr atraeta. Oasaapaft, losai
naalia. Boat: aUa-mvlastawaa.
Dr. B.O. Idler,
Orrr SO rrar rzprrsBtxv bat Bade ta
onaat etaatwrrlc which aoaWc him to
aaa aaamleua com ta acata mat
RHEUMATISM and NEURALGIA
Offloa ta BtsMMs7" bnflditic, W Sac
mt ram. OBoa boon: t a. aa. ta f
STATU SA7H703 DAIHI.
OfieaOocMt Piruckta atraat at TfeJH A
rcrn rrnr no tnlii
Opaa fraa t a. bl I mwM Waaajasaat aat
aVwaroar adsTbat fraarTis Spai "
a. A. S la, air
C A. Bnai
S. K. Sesraraa.
1 rriaarsj. c. F.
REAL ESTATE LOANS
Mil tat fptrtvaic frtttttsM ta lata fltatan
Mt Of CtM fNft tT CaM
Orchard Stato tizsk
W. Paat.ru alls
aHtgfcrll a Lya4a. BiaSiii.
Ja B aBVMBMtti OMhafl ttasift atataaVatw) (afltaafsMsl
CO. Carta. B7. D.
Stary Earf tai t, Waateaala Sjsaaaa.
" 1 I ' 11 silfllai