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THE AROTTR. MONDAY. 'APRIL 29. 18.45.
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a'S yi-wi-cTirr Wjl' trie? to " e wla UI'M
rCAP-AS t" M"aro ltcrcca rci!:ty, !. Tawrr u '1Mki,
. . . U I.IOII.. . 1 - . ' " -.....
ccxrrUc w izm ttr.Cl. j'por box h 6 -. toe v mci rram
For tale by T. H. Thorn, Druggist, sole Agent, Bock Ilnd, LL
FOR A QUICK AFTER-DINNER SHI HE
BE2IKT A. PARIDOU
General Jot'btn rtone on ftVvrt IKAic
and MiiBfaclioo garaute4
- Oppotttc H rpcr'a Thcctn
Sr a"tef fnrr.bted oa rbort aoUee.
Leads a Storming Party and
RAISED TO GETXBA1 OF EEIGAI'S
Chief T Artillrrr la the Army oT Italy
Seat to Kecotiato Wltli the Cenone.
Affaia Deposed From Hank.
ICopyright. 1, by John CI irk Hidpath.
For Napoleon, Toulon was the open
gate to greatnesis. His "destiny," for
which he sought bo diligently, camo to
him unawares among the guns of his
battery there. Those guns were trained
first ca Fort L'Eguillutte, and then on
the British ships of Admiral Hood. Our
ships, including the good ship Orient,
in which, after four years and seven
months, we shall embark for Egypt, are
pent tip in a nook of the harbor. Over
the town, through October and Novem
ber, floats the banner cf St. George.
The Lily flag of the Bourbons has given
place, not to the new Tricolor of the
Revolution, but to tho foreign ensign of
a hated foe;, under that are rallied the
Royalists of Toulon. It is to be noted
that tho JiM and tho last of Napoleon's
puns are directed against the flag of
England. From Tonlon to Waterloo!
There lies tho space of twenty-one years
and six cionths filled with the wreck
and transformation of the world!
Here, on the beautiful Mediterranean
shore, the great act begins. A division
of the French National army has been
sent to retake the traitorous town. The
commanders are General Dcppot, who
from being a doctor has taken to this
fighting form of patriotism, and General
Dngommicr, an officer who, fourteen
years ago, was with Lafayette in onr
American army of Independence. Oth
ers of military experience hold subordi
nate commands; and here also are sev
eral representatives from the National
Tho latter, under orders of that body,
are darting hither and yon like arrows,
to sting whoever shall be unfaithful to
tho Revolution. Some fly to the field of
Valmy, where, in the wood of Argonne,
they dart about with eyes sharper than
swords. Others aro on tho track of Du
ll onr it z, toward Bulginm and the Neth
erlands, where ho struggles to drive
back the Germans; and does it. Others
are with Custine's army, and still others
hero at Tonlon, watching everything,
and making fatal report of any blander.
Hither have come Barras himself, and
KAPOLEOX BY DELABOCHE.
:Xngravcd by Aadoin aft r a dtarign by Bouil
Freron, and Salicetti, the Corsiran rep
resentative in the assembly, and in par
ticular Auguatin Robespierre, called the
Among theso moves tho taciturn Cap
taia Bonaparte. On tho 19th of October
ho is promoted to be major and chef -do
Bataillon. Ho is placed at the head of
tho artillery his own place, as events
will show. Tradition has it that he
eats little; sleeps among his gun-carriages;
laagbs not at all (except once,
when a young man by his side dodging
from a shell is cut in two by it!); is
snn-tanned to a bronze. Ho with the
rest 6ees that Toulon is not taken; but
unlike the rest he stndies tho map, and
going from place to place, uses his ppy
glass. Ho looks many times at Fort
L'Egnillettc, where the British flag Is
flying. Toulon is indeed strong. Ad'
miral Hood says that ho will beat back
this French army and make the place
still stronger. He will make it a second
Gibraltar if the unforeseen do not pre
But the unforeseen prevents. For
more than two months tho siege pounds
itself away in vain. Then there is a
council of war. The older officers, thor
oughly imbued with military "science,"
suggest this method and that method
of taking the town. Tho National rep
resentatives look on. Toulon must be
taken; and tho Convention has sent an
impossible plan of doing it. It comes
Napoleon's time to speak. "Yonder,"
says he, "is Fort L'Eguillctte, Take
that; it is the key to all. Here into that
ravine is a line of approach to a cer
tain point. Let us send thither a storm
ing column, under protection of my
guns. I will pound the fort with shells,
till the point is reached. Then there
shall be a pause. Out of the hollow
shall spring my column. One bound,
like the leap of a cat-o'-mountain, and
the fort is ours. We will turn the guns
on the town, and on Hood's ships. Ev
erything shall be inside out in an hour!"
Here, then, is audacity. Dugommier
and Doppet and the rest perse up their
mouths and look wise. This is danger
ous; but Major Bonaparte may try itl
Soon the 19th of December, 1793, he
rrfrd ; and the thing was done. Fort
L'Egnillette was bombarded, and car
ried by storm. The Royalists fled to the
British ships, and Hood took wing by
ifv Nt lip H
sea. Toulon was not made into "anoth
er English Gibraltar." The Revolution
has Toulon, and will keep it forever.
The National representatives see who it
id that bos done this. Only three days
afterwards Napoleon is nominated gen
eral ut Irigade. Ho is now twenty-four
years fc-r months old. His appointment
is approvedafter a little delay; and
on the 16th of February, 1794, he re
serves hia commission.
After Tonlon, the name of Bonaparte
was heard in Paris. The younger Robes
pierre informed the Convention that he
was 'of transcendent merit. " The re
port of Dngonunier said, "Among those
who distinguished themselves most and
who most aided me to rally the troops
and push them forward are citizens
Buona Porto do yon not know how to
spoil him yet, General? commanding
the artillery; also Arena and Cervoni,
adjutants-general." The snccefs of the
chef -de-Bat ai Hon in the siege and cap
ture, and the favorable report of it pro
duced a sensation in the National Con
vention; bat the impression on that
body and on the public was as yet only
transient. At this epoch, when all quar
ters of France were shaken with com
motions and local revolutions, tho bril
liant capture of a single fort and town
on tho Mediterranean was not enough
to create a permanent military fame.
The Convention contented itself with
making General Bonaparte "Inspector"
of tho coast-country, between the Rhone
and the Var. His duty was to maintain
order in that region, and to complete
By the close of tho year, however,
the old spirit was virtually extinguished
in Southeastern France; and Napoleon
found little to satisfy his restless spirit
His tours of inspection and duties con
nected therewith occupied his time un
til February of 1794, when he was re
called to Paris. That city was now a
seething cauldron. Tho Reign of Terror
was at its acme. That period, unpar
alleled in human aunals, extended from
March of 1793, when the Revolutionary
tribunal was organized, to July 23th of
th9 following year, when Robespierre
and his colleagues wcro sent to the guil
lotine. Tho Army of tho North was created
and pat under command of Generals
Jonrdan, Leclcro, Vandammc, Brnne,
and Morticr. The Army of the Rhine
was commanded by Generals Pichogru,
Soberer and Berthier. The Array of the
West was organized with ilarceau and
Kleber as commanders. Tho Army of
Italy was commanded by Dnmerbion
and Masscna; and to this General Bona
parte was assigned as chief of tho artil
lery and assistant in tho preparation of
plans for the campaign. Ho was thus
occupied in Paris at the tinio when it
became tho saying. La guillotine va
toujours tho guillotine goes always!
It was tho duty of tho Army of Italy
to occupy that country as a vantago
gronnd against the coalitions that were
forming beyond tbo Rhino. Tho Italian
towns and States were wavering accord
ing to race and prejudice and interest
between atfiliation with the French Re
public and tho "protection" of Germa
ny. By tho sickness of Dnmerbion, Gen
eral Massena came to the chief com
mand of this division of the French Na
tional forces. A campaign was under
taken in July of 1794, but the general
of artillery did not, for the present,
leave Paris. Ho was soon despatched,
however, as an agent under orders of
the Convention to Genoa. He was to
protest to the Genoese authorities
against the permission which seemed to
be extended to the coalition to occupy
neutral territory. It was a dolicate busi
ness; for the other officers did not un
derstand tho true nature of the instruc
tions; and tho delegates Salicetti and
Albitto were themselves ignorant of
what was really intended.
The result was that Bonaparte was
first misunderstood and then distrusted
in his negotiations with the Genoese
government Ho was openly directed to
protest against the occupation of the
territory of Genoa by tbo enemies of
France; but secretly bo was authorized
to examine tho fortresses of the city
and make notes on tbo general topogra
phy of that region. While engaged in
this work, he was suddenly suspended
from office, put nndcr arrest, and de
clared suspected! For the nonce, tho
sword of Damocles was hung above him
by a emglo thread.
Just at this juncture, however, ere
Napoleon could be hauled before the
Revolutionary tribunal, that body itself
was blown into death -blackness by
counter revolution. Robespierre and bis
bloody clique were seized, after a day
or two of horrid broil in the city, and
were sent maimed, dazed, jaw-broken,
bone-broken, headlong to the guillotine.
In that case, tho other saying of the
honr, namely, "the guillotine goes not
badly," wa3 graciously verified!
The destruction of the tribunal had a
paradoxical effect on the interest of Na
poleon. It was from that body that his
secret instructions had emanated. There
fore his friends were dead; also, bis
witnesses. Bat their plango into ob
livion left bcli hid a lurid trail that
scorched him. It was now said that An
gus tin Robespierre bad been too mud
the friend of General Bonaparte! Like
Csesar in the matter of his intrigue with
Catiline, the hero of Toulon was seri
ously compromised with the members
of the Terror. Left to his own resources,
however, he wrote a powerful and au
dacious protest to the Representatives
Albitte and Salicetti; convinced them
of his innocence; won them over to his
cause; obtained from them a report of
exculpation; and after thirteen days of
mortal peril was set at liberty! On his
return to Paris, in August of 1794, bis
defense was accepted by the ministry
of war, and be was offered the command
of a brigade of infantry in the Army of
the West, with orders to operate against
; the Royalists of La Vendee. He refused
: to accept either the field of operations
, or the infantry arm of service; and for
this the Committee of Public Safety
! intolerant of all refusals struck hia
' name from the list of general officers.
and be w&t once more turned adrift in
I Pari. Johx Claw Ridpaxh.
AH the News
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