Newspaper Page Text
VOL. ZLm no 188
ROCK ISLAUD, ILL., TUESDAY, MAY 28 1895.
PBX03 TXIBS3 GZ2T3.
GRESHAM IS DEAD.
Patriot, Soldier, Statesman and
Jurist Called Hence.
END OF A DISTINGUISHED CAEEER.
After Week of Illness the Secretary of
Stale fruccmnbs to tha Aiuult of tbe
Grim Terror Another Citlara Who
Made a Distinguished Mark on III Conn,
try' History, Iloth In War and Peace,
1'asaea to the Be ward of Those Who Bite
Voue Their Whole Duty aa Men.
Washington, May 2 Walter Q.
Gresbam, secretary of state, and distin
guished In Lis country'! service la the
field, on the bench nnd in diplomacy,
died this morning after an illness of sev
eral weeks. Ho had improved so much
during Inst week that his final recovery
was con 11 lently looked for, when oa
7 ' -
WALTER Q. OTIEiHAU. ' -
Saturdny he had a relapse. Ho recovered
partly from this, but yestcrd.iy the
symptoms were more aggravated and be
faro night ho was looked upon as a dying
man. After dark Inst night ho had several
rigors, and at ll:20 p. m. his physicians
gavo up all hopo, and inter informed his
friends that ho could nut live until morn
ing. Their prediction wns only too correct,
for at 1:15 this morning he passed away
to his eternal rest.
Was Consclon. Just Refore the Cnd.
During tho last hours of his lifo tbe sec.
retnry'g wife, who had been devoted in
her uttcntlon to him all through his ill
ness, Fat beside his bed reading from the
JjrjVJJJjjo the passages ho loved to hear. Ho
wns conscious untibjuU before tho end,
spoke bravely and confidently of the great
cttingo ho knew was coming and words ot
hope and cheer to bis stricken loved ones.
Thus ho lay until ju t before 1:15, tho
gre.it ciinngo came, his eyes glazed and
. his pulse flickered; a peaceful sleep then
Bjcmcd to full upon him and tho end
bKETCU of a hm kndid career.
Jurist, ttntesmnn anl Knliller, and li.tia
tu.slud in All Fields.
Walter Quintin tiit-shnm was a soldier,
a judgo nnd a statesman, eminent and
distinguished in these threo fields of
human endeavor, lie roso to the rank of
major general of volunteers during tho
rebellion. lie was for fourteen years
United Scutes circuit judge for Illinois,
and held three cabiuut portfolios post
master general and secretary of the treas
ury under Arthur and scn.'titry of stato
under Cleveland. Urcsham camo from
Knlish block. His ancestors moved to
Virginia mid later to Harrison county,
Ind., where he was born on St. Patricks
day, In 1KM, Urcsham's father was
elected sheriff and tho next year was mur
dered by a noied desperado whom bo had
gone to arrest.
His mother was left n widow with five
small children. Walter U. was but 1
years of njru when his father was killed.
Walter grew up with but two or three
winters' schooling until ho was It! years
of age. liy dint ot hard work and the
assistance of his brother ho succeeded in
entering tho seminary at Corydon, lnd.
Two years there and one at Iiloomington
university completed his education so far
as Bchootiug was concerned. He began
tho study of law under Judgu . A.
Porter, ono o' tho nottd characters of
southern Indiana, while acting as deputy
clerk, and in JS"i entered into partner-
shin with Thomas C Slaughter, an omi
' nent lawyer of that time and afterward
judge of tho c rcuit court.
In l!S-5 tho Kepuollcan party was
formed, nnd with it Urcsham at onco al
lied himself. In the law (Jrcsham had
cained a good reputation as a careful
painstaking lawyer. With the first shriek
uf war alarm uovernor .Morton appointed
him lieutenant colonel of the Thirty
eighth Indiana, but before ho saw active
service ho was appointed colonel of the
I'ifty-third, in i)occmber, 1S61. tJresh
nm's regiment was ordered to join Grant
after Donaldson. Aug. 11. JSOJ, he was
appointed brigadier general on tho recom
mendation of Grant and Sherman and
placed in command of tho Katehes di
vision. In tho following spring bo was
placed in command of the division of tho
Seventeenth corps of the Tennessee which
took part in tho campaign against At
lanta. At Leggett's Hill, before Atlanta, he
was struck by a sharpshooter's bullet Just
below the knee. To the day ot his death
Gresham never recovered the full use of
the limb. The war over General Gresham
returned to his profession, forming law
partnership at New Albany, Ind. In lsW
he was nominated for congress against M.
C. Kerr, but the district was heuvily Dem
ocratic an J he was defeated. When Gen
eral Grunt became president, he appointed
him United States district judge for Indi
ana. When Postmaster General Howe
died in Apajl. ltr3, Gresham, then hold
ing court aStlvausville, wae.tcudeicd tbe
cabinet polili-jtt by telegraph and ao
Judge Gresham. with ether Republi
cans, openly dissented from the McKin
ley law, and in 192, after the nomination
of Cleveland by the Democrats, he with
others renounced their allegiance to the
Republican party and advocateJ Cleveland's-
election. After ClevelanJ was
elected he -summoned Gresham to Lake
wood, N. J , where, after a consultation,
ha tendered him the position of premier
of the catinet ho was forming. Judge
Gresham assumed the duties of secretary
of state on March 7, 18'JX
Near the closo of Arthur's term, on tho
dca'.h of Secretary 1'olgcr, ho was ap
pointed secretary of the treasury, a posi
tion ho held until October, 18 Presi
dent Arthur, who had t.-tkeo him from the
bench, had tho satisfaction of restoring
him to the bench at the closo of hi-t serv
iee by appointing him to succeed Ju li
Drummond. In 1SS3 Ju-.pe (i.-.j iiaiu
made a prominent candidate fur tli. It -publican
nomination for tlic presi lraey n
the Chicago convention. Hislilicral vl:-e.-
on the tariff created agatiisfc him the an
tagonism of the extreme protoctionisH at
During his short term as postmaster
general Gresham accomplished iniuli.
Letter postage to Canada was reduced
and (he postal convention with Mexico
was signed. Another important service
ho rendered to tho country was the re
establishment of tho fast mails. As sec
retary of state in thi present administra
tion Gresham had come to duul with per
haps more vexatious, intricate and deli
cate diplomatic affairs than had fallen to
the share of most secretaries of state. His
treatment of thesa was markel by tho
strong individuality which, was part of
Perhaps from his long judicial experi
ence ho was disposed to view every ques
tion from the. standpoint of exact and
equal justice. To him it maclo little dif
ference how any line of action promised
to affect his own country; he coull and
did disabuse his mind of any personal
feeling in dealing with an international
question, and the first consideration with
him was always absolute fairness; if his
own country occupied a false pns.tion in
tho matter he thought it was his duty to
set it right, even at a sacrifice of material
interests as it might appear at the time.
Secretary Gresham found much to dis
satisfy him with tho state of our foreign
relations when lie assumed elllce the last
iine, and in his characteristic fashion ho
set to worktoshapo these to meet his own
ideas without d .1 ly. Such a course was
certain to subject him to bitter criticism,
and ho fully realized this in advance, but
was in no respect deterred from doing
what he thought was right. This brnuzht
him face to faco with the great question
of the hour at that time, tho annexation
lie had decided views u;on this matter
even before ho came Into the cabinet, and
it was upon his recommendation that
Cleveland performed almost his first of
ficial action by withdrawing from tho
senate, where it was peuding, the annex
ation treaty negotiated by Secretary Fos
ter. Then Blount was sent to the Island
Ki-publiu to make an original investiga
tion, nod. upon his report, the secretary
made his now celebrated recommendation
that the queen bo restored, inasmuch as
she had been deposed by the action of the
oilieers ot tho Uuited States.
When congress finally made known its
views the secretary accepted them for bis
government, but it cannot be discovered
Irom any rubsequent utterance of his
that ho ever changed his view as origin
ally announced as to tho justice of the
net ion ho hid proposed. While he wag
deep in the Hawaiian negotiations Gresh
am was obliged suddenly to give imme
diate attention to tho Bering sea seal
fisheries. The arbitration arranged by
his predecessor was in full swing. Here
was anothor matter with which he was
not in harmony.
Ho did not believo that the arbitration
would be successful in the object aimed
at by the United States namely, the pro
tection of the seals; but regardless of the
outcome ho was forced to bring the Brit
ish government to a renewal ot the modus
Vivendi or quick action to carry out tho
award when it was announced, in order
to guard against tbe annihilation of the
seals. Tho British were unwilling to do
the first of these things, and it was only
by an exhibition of all of the strength of
his character that he succeeded in hurry
ing through the British parliament an act
to give effect to the arbitration and then
securing the adoption of regulations.to
keep off the poachers.
TROl'DLE OVER RECIPCOCITT.
Sweeping Away of All the Treaties Gives
the Secretary Mure orlc.
By a clause in the Wilson tariff act
congress hud swept away in a line all of
the carefully constructed reciprocity
treaties negotiated by the preceding ad
ministration. This caused great anger
among tho nations with which the Unit
ed States had such treaties, and tho storm
fell upon Gresham's head. Everywhere.
there was talk of retaliation and tariff
wars and in somo cases this was realize !
to a certain extent. It was Gresham's
task to placnto the Eurolicau powers and
how skillfully he did so the printed corre
spondence tells. He fairly amazed the
Germans and Austrians, used as thry
weru to the devious ways ol cuploinacy, by
frankly admitting that they were right.
He also promised that he would do all
that could bo done to, bring congress to
see this and make reparation, a promise
which ho faithfully eudeavorcd to redeem
to the last and thereby strengthen bis
own hands in the vexatious negotiations
looking to the removal uf the unjust and
onerous restrictions placed upon the im
portation ot American rattle and meats.
He was opposed to the tripartite arrange
ment for the government of the Samoan
islands and finally sureeeded in getting
Cleveland to recommend to congress that
the United States withdraw.
His good others in the Chino-Japan war
had no little effect in hastening the n?ace
that has been proclaimed. He was equally
successful in averting war between Guate
mala aud Mexico. In the case ot the
ciulm of United States citizens against
Venezuela Gresham secured the judicial
annunciation of the principle that a gov
ernment is responsible for injury done to
foreigners by insurgents. Gresham had
also to consider tbe liluefi. lds matter, in
which he obtained from Great Britain a
uisclaiiuer that she had any wrong pur
p se in her action there. It is clear in
lact that his studies of tbe numerous dip
lomatic questions ho had to handle was
rruiiy the cause of his fatal illness.
The Abgts, 10c a week.
Important Issues Before Their
TWO BIG NOMINATIONS INVOLVED
That Never Cam t'p Before at the Sam
Withering McKinley and Foraker In
dorsement, for President and Seaatqr
Worrying- the Factions, Who Look ot
Each Other with, Suspicions Eyes Lead
en on Uand to Counsel Harmony.
Zanesville, O , May KS. While Nash,
Hoyt, Poe, Harris, Grosvenor, Major,
Keifcr, Barger, and other candidates fur
governor have been here contesting for
the Republican nomination with their
bands and parades, the older leaders havo
been counseling harmony. Senator Sher
man and ex-Secretary Foster called at the
headquarters of each gubernatorial candi
date and were closeted with them and
their leading workers. No agreement
could be reached because of the absence
at the time of ex-Governor Foraker and
General BushnelL Governor McKinley
leaves Columbus today for New York, and
will not be here, owing to his Memorial
Day engagement in the east.
Leaders Disclaim Any Factionalism,
Foster, Shcrmam and other leaders
state that they are nof seeking to have
any slate formed or to do anything for or
agc.lnst any candidate, but they do not
consider H good politics to havo the
preference of delegates expressed on
factional lines. While all the. candidates
pledge themselves for McKinley for pres
ident and Foraker for senator there Is
much feeling between the friends ot these
two leaders. When Foraker was defeated
by Sherman for senator before the legisla
ture in January, lt93. Governor Mo
Kinley's administration was credited with
being a decisive factor in favor ot Sher
man. Two Great Issues Cp at Ones.
And now the Foraker faction is said to
bo waiting to namo the next governor so
as to have the stato administration for
their man next January instead of
against him as heretofore. It is this 1st no
that involves the presidential and sena
torial preferences in the nomination for
governor. The scnatorshlp has frequently
been involved in the action of Ohio state
conventions and the selection of the Ohio
delegation is usually an indirect issue at
the stato conventions the year preceding
national conventions; but both ot these
national issues have never before been
precipitated into the sanio year or into
any one convention.
Presidential Nomination Involved,
The scnatorshlp will be disposed of next
January, some months before tho selec
tion of presidential delegates comes up,
and for that reason some ot the McKinley
men apprehend that they might be
catmht napping unless they get ironclad
McKinley resolutions adopted at this con
vention. And it is generally thought
that a strong indorsement of McKinley
for president and Foraker for senator will
be embodied tn the same resolution. It
Is the fact that nominations for governor
and all state oilieers are contingent on
the contest of factions for power in the
senatorial and presidential races of next
year that makes tho convention one ot
such intense interest.
Factions Don't Tratt Each Other.
All candidates and their friends claim
to be for McKinley for ptesident and For
aker for senator, but tho factions be
lieve in tho sincerity of but one-half of
each other's declarations and both are
more anxious to secure power than prom
ises. This was the situation just before
the convention was callod to order today.
HEAD OF "THE FINEST" STEPS OUT.
Tli ns. Byrne. New York's Veteran Police
Chief, ltetires from Duly.
New Yoke, May as. Chief of Police
Thomas Byrnes has been retired from tho
force by the police commissioners. In
executive session ot the board. Commis
sioner Parker said that he bad spoken to
Chief Byrnes, nnd that the chief said that
if ill the opinion of the board the depart
ment could be served better by his retire
ment than by his continuance in office ho
would feel it his duty not to embarrass
tho board by his continued presence, but
would hand them his application for re
"Mr. Byrnes," continued Parker, "has
stated that to mo not only on one occasion
but several time, and in conformity with
that statement and with its spirit the ap
plication for retirement by the board has
been submitted." The application for
retirement was placed before tho board
for action ind it was .unanimously ac
HurUI of Ex-Secretary McCulloch.
Washington, May 28. Funeral services
over tbe remains of ex-Secretary Hugh
McCulloch, of the treasury department.
were held at Rock Creek church by Rev,
Dr. Buck, Kjv. Alexander Mackay Smitn,
and Rev. Dr. AspinwalL. The ceremony
was very simple, being only that of the
r.piscopal church. 1 here was no sermon.
The casket, upon which rested a single
wreath of American beauty roses aud a
palm branch, was then conveyed to tho
Rock Creek cemetery, where tho inter
ment took place.
Cnited Presbyterians Confirm JaJ(masU,
PlTXSBUBO, M.ty 24 In the United
Presbyterian general assembly a vote was
taken on tbe appeal ot Dr. W. H. Blair
from tho first synoi of tbe west on a con
vietion ot selling liquor in prescriptions.
The vote resulted in the defeat of the ap
peal. The appeals of J. K. allace and
J. G. Stewart, of Monmouth, Ills., con
victed ot teaching at variance with the
church, were also defeated. Stewart is a
Carlisle Goes to Washing-torn.
Louisville, May 2S. On account of
Secretary Greshvm's death Carlisle has
cancelled his appointment to speak in
this city tomorrow night. The secretary
left for Washington at 8 o'clock this
morning, but will ret urn to Isauisvilio
Tn hsrs nrfort btflth vntl mfl;t
have pure blood, and the best waj to
i it a - - . , i , i -
nave pure uiuvu is io tut n"ii b
A cream of tartar biking powder. Highest of
all in leavening slrenstb. Latttt Urittd Statft
Oovernnunt Food Etport.
Roval Bakois towDB Co.. 1(M Wall St H . T.
7 Per Cent Loans.
The following is a partial
list of. completed gilt-edged
first mortgage loans on hand,
which we offer for sale, sub
ject to previous selections,
for their face and accrued
interest. These loans have
been -carefully selected by
us, and are first-class in
every respect. They are all
7 PEit cent net to the inves
tor. We have many other
loans to offer, if these are
not in amounts to suit the
2,000 ' 7
Tbe securities we offer are
especially adapted for the
investment of savings and
trust funds, as our personal
attention to all the details of
the loan, from its date to its
maturity, relieves the hold
er from all annoyance except
to present bis coupon to .us
for collection. For further
information call at the of
JACKSON & HURST,
GEO. F. ROTH, gn!A Loan Department.
BASE BALL SUPPLIES
Butts to Store
When new Clothes are so cheap, and so good, and so stylish,
don't go 'round as if you were a parlor sofa instead of a human
being, and an intelligent one. Last summer's suit may do
this season, but we doubt it out cf style at least. What!
afraid of the price? Afraid of
for a good business suit, a suit that the other fellows
will ask you $12 to S for and no better. This is your
last chance at this special suit sale at $7.42.
to the Great
-J OFF SALE
The Greatest Sale
ted. 33H Per Cent Off.
All Wool Ingrains 49c
Goods Must be
to miss this sale
ie Ml Furniture
& Carpet Co.,
324. 326. 328 Brad; St.,
Don't Wear Fringe
On ycur Trousers and Sleeves
On Tap everywhere.
Only Union labor employed.
The Rock Island Brewing Company, success
ors to George Wagner's Atlantic Brewery, I.
Huber's City Brewery and Raible & Stengel's
Rock Island Brewery, as well as Julius Junge's
Bottling Works, has one of the most complete
Brewing establishments including Bottling de
partment in the country. The product is the
very best Beer is bottled at the brewery and
delivered to any part of the tri-cities, and may
be ordered direct from the head offices on Mo
line avenue by Telephone.
See our New
And Latest Suits.
Our purpose in advertising is to let everybody
who buys clothing that is all mankind here
about know that our suitings are In, and the
finest ever displayed in the city. You are
respectfully invited to call and see the latest
in patterns and styles.
Call and leave
r. B. ZLMMER;
Star Block, opposite Harper Hoik;
Call for Rock Island
Brewlns Co. Beer.
your order. -J