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THE AftQUB. SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1896.
It is Known
. By Its Cures
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Samples and illus
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I p&tk nan
The First Use of the Word mm as English
Canning, and nut Cn.kcr, was the
fifjt to oe in Eiigli:-h iilitics the word
conservative- in its present Kcnse, and
too long lias lhackeray s "ilr. wen
ham" (Disraeli's "Mr. Ri(,'by") had the
credit which belouffs to u far more bril
liant man. Tho general assumption has
been that the term was earliest employ
ed in The Quarterly Review for January.
1830 (No. 83, page 27C), in an article
which has been commonly said, but upon
no specified authority, to have been
written by Croker, but it.s true first nse
wa3 five years and a half previously.
On Juno 8, 1824, a dinner was given
to George Hiubcrt, the chairman of the
West India Merchants of Loudon, by the
members of that body, and several of the
leading ministers then serving cuder
Lord Liverpool, the Tory premier, were
present. In the course of the proceed
ings, says a contemporary account, an
observation .which fell from Mr. Can
ning was that the spirit of the present
government, as that of all governments
ought to be, was essentially conserva
tive." This appeared in John Bull cf June
13,1824 (pugo l!)8),and the apt word was
so obviously remarked that it was itali
cized. Years passed, and Canning had
died before the word is again to lie met
in English politics, but on March 14,
1829, Charles Greville noted in his dia
ry that " Berries told Hyde Villiers that
tlieir (tho Tories') policy was conserva
tive, that of the Whigs subversive, and
that they never could act together."
"Tho Oreville Memoirs," volume 1, part
1, page 11)2.
The word, employed by both Canning
and Hemes, was thus "in the air bo
fore it vths given in Tho Quarterly, and
this accords with a statement made in
tho course of a correspondence on the
"Etymology of the Word Conservative
which aii:earcd ia Tho Standard at the
end of October, 1832, wherein it was
said to have been first used in 1829,
durii!g tho closing controversies upon
Roman CVtliolic emancipation. Nutes
and Qui rios.
INCAPABLE OF IMPERSONALITY.
An Alleged Failiuc That Hu Deferred
The bond of fellowship which exists
between man and man simply by virtue
of a common sex is entirely absent be
tween woman and woman. It is, in
fact, replaced by a fundamental antago
nism, u vague enmity which renders
tho general uttitudeof a feminine crea
ture toward her kind essentially differ
tut from that of the malo creature in
identical relations. In individual cases
this feeling is counteracted by affection
or by sympathy, but apart from person
al sentiment it remains, severing every
living wouian from the rest of her sex.
To a great extent this arises from wom
an's incapacity for impersonal feeling or
abstract emotion. In life's fray she
light;! cither for hor own hand or, more
ol'u-a, for Kdiiio one man or woman
whom she loves, but rarely for tho wel
fare of her sex at largo.
Were it n t for this strange lack of hu-
manity in her nature, the emancipation
of waman would not have been so griev
ously retarded. If tho few women who
suffered aforetime under the restrictions
which hedged in their liberty bad been
able to count ou tho sympathy and co
operation of all women, the timo of
their rahjngation would have been enor
nionsly abbreviated. As it was, the first
seeker after freedom met with more
opposition from their own sex than they
did from the other; nor, indeed, do they
faro Utter today. Enormous changes
in their social status were effected by
au inconsiderable minority of women
bravo enough and logical enough to im
pres the male powers that bo with tho
justice of their demands. But for their
courage they received no sympathy and
for their success not one word of thanks
nothing, in fact, but execration from
tho lingo inert femmino mass in whu.--o
service their strength was spent. Sat
Mn. Elizabeth f. Hatter.
Mrs. Elizabeth E. Ilntter, wl-.o recent
ly died in Philadelphia, was widely
known as the pioneer m many phi lan
thropic movements in Pennsylvania.
She was tho widow of tho Rev. Dr. E.
W Hntter, once editor of the Lancaster
Intelligencer and afterward privato sec
retary of President Buchanan and as
sistant secretary of stale. During the
war Mrs. flutter frequently weut to tho
front, rendering valuable service to the
wonuded and suffering. She took a con
spicuous part in the great sanitary fair
held in Philadelphia iu 1801, acting as
president of the committee of labor, in
come and revenue. She is credited with
having raised $230,000 for the fair. She
was the first woman to cross the line
after the desperate three days' battle of
Oettysburg. She went iu a car provided
by President Scott of the Pennsylvania
railroad and by special permission of
President Lincoln. New York Tribune.
Wonderful Strencth of the Beetle.
A noted entomologist who has been
writing on the wonderful feats of
strength as exhibited iu the beetle fam
ily tells the following: "I selected a
common black water beetle weighing 4. 3
grains and found that ho was able to
carry a load of shot in a small bag, the
whole weighing f ounces, or exactly
658 times tho weight of the bug. If a
man weighing 150 could carry as much
accordingly he could shoulder a 45 ton
locomotive and then chain a train of
cars together and take the whole lot
across the country at a five mils an hour
When a man marries he fully intends
to be No. 1 iu the family, but often the
full point drops out and he lapses into
Spain, Italy, Sweden, Hanover, Rus
sia, Austria and Turkey receive daily
weather reports from Paris and TmHnn
Arabia was so called from its inhabit
ants, Um Arabs,
the Quaker Poet Bad bat Scant Iastroe-
' tion In Hi Youth.
In his boyhood Whittier had scant in
struction, for the district school was
open only a few weeks -in winter. He
had but few books ; there were scarcely
30 hi the house. The one book he read
and read again until he bad it by heart
almost was the Bible, and the Bible was
always the book which exerted the
strongest literary influence upon him.
But when he was 14 a teacher came
who lent him books of travel and opened
a new world to him. It was this teach
er who brought to the Whittiers one
evening a volume of Burns and Tead
aloud some of tho poems, after explain
ing the Scottish dialect.
Whittier begged to borrow the book.
which, was almost the first poetry he
had ever read. It was this volume of
Burns which set Whittier to making
verses himself, serving both as the in
spiration and the model of bis earlier
poetic efforts. The Scottish poet, with
his homelv pictures of a life as bare and
as hardy as that of New England then,
first revealed to tho American poet what
poetry really was and how it might bo
mado out of the actual facts of his own
That book of Burns' poems had an
even stronger influence ou Whittier than
the odd volume of Tho Spectator which
fell into the hands of Franklin had on
the American author whoyc boyhood is
most like Whittier 's. Franklin also was
born in ahnmble and hardworking fam
ily, doing early his share of the labor
and having but a meager education, al
though always longing for learning. It
is true that Irving and Cooper and Bry
ant did not graduate from college, bnt
they could have dono so had they perse
vered, and Emerson and Longfellow
and Hawthorno did get tvs much of the
higher education lis was then possible
in America. But nc.ther Franklin nor
Whittier ever had the chance; it was as
much as they conld do to pick up the
merest elements of an education. Pro
fessor Brander Matthews in St. Nicho
OUTNIMRODS OLD NIM.
The Fetaluma Fot Hunter Telia a Story of
a Wondrous Chase.
Frank Tim ins, tho Petaluina pot
hunter, had tho floor, and the crowd
breathlessly awaited a thrilling story of
"You want a story of tho chase, ch?"
repeated Timins. "Well, I'll tell yon
about tho greatest bit of chasin I ever
did iu my life. I wuz out huntin one
day fer quail with my olo muzzle loadin
shotgun, when three quail jumped up
out of a bush right ahead of me. One
flow to the right, one to the left and
the other straight ahead, but I got 'em
"Killed three quail going in different
directions with a muzzlo loading shot
gun?" repeated ono of bis listeners in
"Yep; that's what I done."
"Your gun must have bad three bar
"Nop; only two."
"How did yon do it?"
"Well, I killed the ono that went to
tho right with tho right barrel; then.
quick us a flush, I killed tho ono that
went to tho left with the other barrel ;
then I took after tho ono that went
straight ahead and knocked tho stuflln
out of it with tho ramrod. "
"I wouldn't belicvo that if I told it
myself," declared ono of tho assem
"Huh! That ain't nothin. I killed
six quail with one barrel once, and they
wuz all llyin in different directions."
"Run 'cm all down?"
"Nop; never moved out o' my tracks.
When they all started out o' tho same
bunch of gnis.3, 1 held tho gun away over
to tlie right, and as it went off I swep'
it nronu to tho left. Tho result was that
I slung shot in every direction, same as
you can sling water outcn a ran, and a
littlo of tho shot ketched ev'ry one."
can t rancisco Post.
Tide. In the Atmoaphere.
Distinct tides iu tho atmosphere, cor
responding to those of tho sea and pro
duced twice daily by lunar attraction.
have been traced by M. Bouquet de la
lryc m the barometric records of sta
tions removed from powerful local dis
turbances. The recorded observations of
Brest. St. Helena, Cape Horn, Batavia
and Singapore give positive evidence of
a regular ebb and flow according to the
moon s position. The effect is slight,
but measurable, the greatest atnios-
piicric into uc uresr rjcing shown by a
movement of one-quarter of an inch in
a water barometer, which is equivalent
to about oue-fiftieth of an inch in the
mercury burometer. The tido seems to
bear about the same ratio to the weight
of the atmosphere that the sea tide bean
to the depth of the ocean.
A leading literary light in one of the
best known woman's colleges says that
there are just three books that everybody
should know by heart "The Arabian
lights," "Alice In Wonderland" and
"Mother Goose." "A thorough knowl
edge of those masterpieces, " she says,
"will do more toward cultivating the
imagination than any other process that
I know of. And I regard imagination as
the most important of all mental facul
ties." This is in direct and significant
opposition to the ideas held by many
parents ana teachers that fairy tales are
injurious reading for the young. New
a orK cun.
Repartee From a Statesataa.
For once in his career the incorrupti
ble alderman from the S'teenth ward
lost his temper.
"lean lick you," he roared, "with
one hand tied behind me !"
"You can fight better with one band
behind you, " vociferated the high mind
ed alderman from the Umpty-second
ward, "than yon can any other way.
It's your customary position, b'goch!"
My little son, who look'd from thoughtful eyes
And mov'd and spoke in quiet, grown up wise,
Having my law toe seven tn tune cusobejeu.
I struck him asd dismiss'd
With hard words and OEkiss'd,
His mother, who wss patient, being dead.
Then, fearing lest his grief should hinder sleep,
1 visited his bed.
But found him si umbering deep.
With darkened eyelids and their lashes yet
From his late subbing wet.
And I, with moon.
Kissing away his tear, left others cf my own.
For on a table drawn beside his bead
Bo had put, within his reach.
A box of counters and a red vein'd stone.
A piece of gloss abraded by the beach
And six or seven rbells.
bottle with bluebells
And two French copper coins, rang'd then
wiin careiui art
To comfort his sad heart.
So when that niulit I prayed
To God and wept and said:
"Ah, when at last wa lie with tranced breath,
Not vexing thea is death.
And thou remcmborest of what toys
Wo make our joys.
Bow weakly understood
Thy great commanded good.
Then, fatherly not less
Than I whom thon haft molded from the clay,
Thon'lt leave thy wrath and say,
'I will bo sorry for their childishness.'
Coventry Fatmore in Church Standard.
HE WAS VERY HUNGRY.
How a Texan Cot a Good Meal at a Gen
Mr. Goss, in his "Recollections of a
Private," quotes tho remarks of a Con
federate about two famous leaders under
whom he bad fought This man said of
Stonewall Jackson, "If yon tins had
some good general like him, I reckon
you uus could lick wo una. " When ask
ed whether ho had ever seen General
Lee, ho replied: "Yes; I was a sort of
orderly for Undo Robert for awhile.
He's a mightv calmliko man when a
fight is going on."
This story is told of General John B.
" Onr General Magruder thinks a pow
erful heap of what be cats and wears.
Ho alters has a right smart of truck.
"Thcro was a Texas feller one time
who had straggled from his brigade,
and ho were a pert one, ho were, stran
ger. Ho were hungry enough to eat a
general, buttons and all that Texas
feller were. Ho saw Magruder's table
all spread, with a heap of good fixin's
on it, and I'll be hanged if he didn't
walk in, pert as you please, grabbed a
knife and fork and opened fire all along
tho line on them fixm s.
"Magruder he;ud something in his
tent and hurried iu and asked that Tex
as chap what brought him thar. The
Texan 'lowed ho were hungry. Then the
general, stiff and grandlike, said, 'Do
you kuow, sir, at whoso table you are
"The Texas chap, he kept drivhi in
the pickets on them chick'ns, and he
said to the gcn'ral, said be, No, old
hoss, and I ain't nowayspartic'lar, nei
ther, since I've conio solderin. "
"What did Magruder do?" asked a
"Do? Why, ho saw them chicken fix
in's were spiled, and ho jest put his
arm under his coattail, pulled his hat
over his eyes and walked out. And that
Texas boss didn't leave anything ou that
thar table 'cept the plates not even his
"Who were he? WelL no matter. He
hadn't no manners, ho hadn't He were
powerful hungry, stranger, that chap
A Fortunate Accident.
"I am lost !' ' the prima donna sobbed.
"My years of hard study have gono for
"Alas, what is the matter?" asked
"My prospects are ruined, all through
a wretched accident Just as I was ap
proaching the end of my aria a horrid
bug flew on the stage and lit on my
"And yon Ecrcamed?"
"I did. What else could I do? It was
my last sceno and I had no chance tore
deem myself. "
Tho bell sounded nnd the maid an
nounced a man from tho theater.
"Show him in," said the prima don
na. "I may as well meet my fate at
once. It is my dismissal from the com
pany." "Scuso rue, ma'am, fur disturbin
you," said tho visitor, "but de manager
wants to know did you run away from
your curtain recall 'cause you was took
"No. I am perfectly welL "
"All right That'll ease his mind.
He says that screech you, let out at tho
wind up was the finest high C he's
heard in years and you've got the town
crazy over yon. " Washington Star.
The confidence of musicians in their
own accomplishments is often a matter
of merriment to other people. A certain
painist had performed several sonatas,
to the not too great delight of a private
company, when the hostess thought
proper to compliment him moderately.
"Your playing is remarkably fine, Mr.
Keys," she said.
The pianist waved his hand deprecat
ingly. "Really, madam," he said, "the
credit does not belong to me, if I am
endowed with genius by a higher pow
er 1" Youth's Companion.
Too Funny by Half.
"Do yon keep bloomers to rent?" she
asked as she sailed into a fashionable
dressmaker's on Fulton street
"No," said the polite salesman, "but
we keep materials for repairing rents in
bloomers. Have you"
But she was gone. Brooklyn Eagle.
In 1403 the cold was so severe in Rus
sia that the Baltic sea was frozen over.
In 14G0 this occurred again, and horse
men rode from Denmark to Sweden.
A mean landlord raised the rent of
one of his houses because the walls have
fculged out, and therefore made the
The total immigration from Franca
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