Newspaper Page Text
Thi president of the Kentucky
equal rights association.
Tk ror CaglMi
Mil KnglUh W
Ou of tli most noted women la
America! Miss I-ur Clay, president
of the Keutocky Eipial Right associa
tiou. Phe ia the daughter of tbe venera
ble General Cassia Marcelln Clay,
tt ho Rained an international reputation
a an abolitionist before the war and a
United Htatea minister to Rasia during
the rebellion. Miss Clay's mother waa
- daughter of the late Dr. Elisha War
field of t bin city, one of tbe foremost
men of bit time. Miss Clay iuherita the
tronir mentality of both the Clay and
Warfleld families, and ai a clear thinker
and convincing reasoner the stands with
out a peer. Mie baa ao far refrained
from allowing a pictnre of herself to be
printed, and the accompanying likeness
H the tint one that has ever appeared in
a newspaper. As will be seen, she bears
a striking resemblance to her distin
Although one of the busiest women in
the country. Mi' Clay submitted to an
interview, in which she treata in her
clcur, logical stylo of the need of the
wornm of today and of tlie benefits
which cbo think will follow the en
franchisement of women.
" hat canned yon to become an ad
vocate of equal rights for women?" the
"While I was still in my teens,"
she replied, "even my limited observa
tion of life t.inght me that woman must
have greater Luaucial independence, and
henre greuter industrial opportunities,
to obtain the freedom necessary for men
tal and moral strength. Dependent be-
MISS tAI TIA M. CtAT.
inn evidently tunst be, mora or less,
more rellertion of three upon whom
thy dftiend. Therefore, if women a 1
low theniwelves to owe men obligations
greater than men's reciprocal obliga
tion tn them, they muHt assume a weak
nicntat aud moral attitude, bringing its
attendant evils upon tbn wbole of so
ciety, fi r however highly men's judg
ment and coiiM'ienre may bo developed
they cannot iiiumt women s respousi
bllities, so whatever dwarfs women's
development injures society. After I
siw that women ought to have equal
rights with men in ed neat ions 1 and in
riuxtrUl advantages I did not at once
perceive dearly tlmt they should enjoy
th same political rights. I had the idea,
which is still so prevalent among my
tex, that politics waa not the 'sphere'
for women, and that going to the polls
was derogatory to womanly delicacy.
wb U li was worthy to bo protected even
by the sncrilice of What was wdiputa
bly an nlmtruct right. But further ob
serration and reflection soon convinced
me tlmt under the pressure of false so
cial theories and the weight of unqnal
laws, unequal because made only by
men, essential woman delicacy and
worth were continually sacrificed, and
that nothing ctmld avail to protect worn
anhood from such dangers except for
coiiM'iuitious women firmly to claim
rqnal right everywhere, including the
right of helping to makn the laws, and
by their own womunly exercise of the
frnwlii tn demonstrate that politic
belong to womru's sphere as well or to
"How long have yon been engaged in
this work? "
"Though very early I avowed my
belief in eiju:l rig'iM, cirenni.it .nice did
not permit mo to engage in any sytem
ntic work for thi principles till 183,
V'hen I helped to organize an equal
rights association in Lexington. Later
iu thn samo year tlio Kentucky Equal
Kichts iusix'iation was formed. 1 was
elected its president aud have been re
elected e;M h year since. The object of
the association is to advance tho indus
trial, eilncatioii.il and logul right of
women and secure the franchiso to
them by appropriate state and nations
leginlntion. Ix-xinpton Cor. Louisville
Ths raw r.BBlUh GoTrrnm.
' The pathos of advertisements ia not
ronnneii to wnst are popularly known
a tne agony columns of the daily p
Per. To the thonalitfnl mind f tim
convincing idence of a constant stream
of suffering and of that hope deferred
which maketh the heart sick to be found
in tne innumerable applications for em
l'jninu ry an sort and conditions
advertisers. A notald mil tr,,..t .
ample of the terrible realty of the
strnuale f life in t t be rt!rTnrd In a
rei-ent notifiraii'-n in a daily paper by
thewiferi swell known man of let
ters. The lady in nnextirn. after stating
that she bail selected a nursery govern
ess, went on to "iuform tbe ;oo other
candidates that the photographs with
w hich stamps were sent will be present
Sfven band red other candidates ! And
bow many applications Would the lady
have received if she hud advertised fi
OurooKhly competent high claim cook'
The exr nience of family folk who haM
a Hlsta mm Ttawly fliwlp
known what It if La want a cook and a
governess will supply tne answer to
that question with sufficient accuracy.
But what a serious indictment against
our social system does this advertise
ment prefer i To be a governess even
to be nursery governess a young
woman must have some pretensions
more or lee plausible to education and
Probably there is not one among all
those 700 who would not be indignant
at the suggestion that she would have
done better to have bt-en content with
the kitchen rather than to bare aspired
to the superior social eminence which
entitles her to be addredHed as "miss."
And just because she has bad that aepi.
ration, and because she has acquired
that smattering of education which has
unfitted ber for domestio service, she is
condemned to discover that nobody
wants her. Our philanthropists might
do worse than apply themseJves to tbe
solution of the problem what to do with
all young women, of whom tfcose TOO are
but an inSnitesimally small fraction.
AaMrleaai aad Eas-Usb Woaaea.
Mr. Ball Caine says of his stay in
the United States: "Many of my im
pressions of America, by the way, top
pled down like a child' bonne of cards
wnen I found myself actually in tbe
con d try and among the people. A de
lightful nation to study is America
fresh aud frank and full of originality.
Of course, we all know and have always
known, for tbe last century, at least,
that Americans are clever, bnt we can't
realize until we go among them and see
them in their homes how kindly, how
yonngof heart, they ore as individuals."
Of American women in general he
deems "it is only natural they should
have become what they nre superior,
intellectually, or, at any rate, superfi
cially so, to the men. That is, of course,
as a clafs. There are always so many
exception1 to every rule. But the thing
has come about a a consequence of
man's putting woman Americnn man,
Americun woman on a pedestal, and
worshiping ber. He has staied below
tbe pedestal and worked for her, not
having time, if he was the ordinary
man of business, to cultivate bis mind
aud ronuuer while ho so worked. Bnt
she has had plenty of time, and she has
made the best use of it. In our own
country I cousider that the reverse is
the truth. The average Englishman is
tnperior to the average English woman
in intelligence and education. That is
because lie is likely to think of himself,
anil of his sons, before he thinks of bis
wife and daughters. And English wom
en have conscientiously upheld him iu
bis attitude toward them, until com
paratively lately, at any rate. Iu Amer
ica, on the contrary, I fancy thnt women
have known their jown value, and set it
rather high, for a nnmber or years a
couple of generations, at least."
In personal appearance Sir. Caine finds
our women "prettier, more attractive,
more bewitching, than Knglisli women,
but not so regularly beautiful. The
straight, almost Greek nose and the in
effably lovely aud haughty upper lip of
the most erfcct type of LnglUh girl I
have not seen equaled in America, I
niustvay. " Prnvidcnco Journal
Ida Mar Bpeacaiw
There lives in Edgerton, wis., a
yonug woman, Ida May Spencer, who
is an exis-rt jeweler. She i in partner
ship with her father, the sign reading.
"John Spencer & Daughter, Jewelers
Having determined to adopt the jewel
ry business as a profession, she entered
iu the fall of lbb7 tbe Horological
school at La l'orte, Ind. While there
she competed with some of the veterans
in the business lor a prize, a gold nied
al, to be given to the one turning the
best balance staff in the shortest time.
She won the medal. Two of the judges
were from New York and one from Chi
cago. Her teacher told her that, in all
probability, if they had known she was
a woman they would not have awarded
her thn prize. ' He also remarked that.
thongh fairly entitled to it, he feared it
would no( be a good advertisement lor
the school. After learning the trade.
her coworkers feared -she would not be
able to get a situation on account of her
sex. However, the teachers, knowing
the was fully competent, gave her rec
ommendations. During the summer of
18U3 she stndied to become an opticiuu.
attending lectures in Boston. This
branch she hns found very profitable.
At the timo Mis Spencer took up the
work there were probably not more
than a half dozen women eugaged in
the occupation. Woman' Journal.
The Kt Wiaiii
And 1 will wipe Jf rnal-ra an a man wipcth
a 1ih, wiping It and turning it upside duwn.
U Kingixxt. 13.
With this text the Rev. Phebe Hana
ford, iu her lecture at the house of Mrs.
Maria McCullongb, 317 West Eighty
second street, proved that man's sphere
is also in the kitchen.
"If those men who are forever flaunt
ing in our faces the texts of St. Paul in
which he forbids women to speak in the
churches would read this text, they
would find out where some of the kitch
en work belongs," said Mrs. Hanaford.
"Every one is not a wife: hence tbe
absurdity of the idea that woman's
wbole duties are household ones.
"The very mental trait specially char
acteristic of women i. e., intuition
is much better fitted to these day of
rapid locomotion than man' slower
"The day of reproach for our sex is
well nigh over, and among the ones of
whom we are the proudest are those
who were formerly called the snperfla
oui women. This is not meant to decry
marriage. The new woman makes tbe
best wife, but she will demand of her
husband tbe same fidelity and purity
tbat she p radioes herself." New York
Wish ef Bwedea.
Miss Sophia Leyonhufond (later Bar
ones Adlersparre) aud Mrs. Rosalie
OUverrona started anonymously in 1 iiib
a renew dedicated to the Swedish
woman, with the object to raise ber
standard morally, intellectually and so
cially. This review was the first organ
for the woman movement in Sweden,
and to it are to a great extent due not
only many reforms, legal, educational
and social, which during the last 30
years have ftiken place in the condition
of women, but also a great change in
public opinion concerning ber right and
Owing to the great educational ad
vantages which are now within reach
of woman, they have got freer access to
the labor market and are in many re
spects aocepted as coworkers with men.
It is, however, not only with ber liter
ary work that Baroness Adlersparre is
deserving of the gratitude of ber coun
trywomen, but also on account of the
many institutions which she has found
ed in their favor. One of these is tbe
Friends of Female Domestic Industry,
which has been instrumental in raising
the standard of female workmanship to
an artistical achievement. Tbe meet
prominent of these institutions is never
theless the . Fredrika Bremer society,
with numerous committees, which all
have for object the benefit of women.
Belea Gould's Charities.
Miss Helen Gould's inheritance from
her father has certainly been mental as
well as financial. The "business abil
ity" which ho possessed is shown by his
daughter in her charities, which are
conducted with tbe same fidelity and
system with which her brother "George
looks after his vast interests or her
brother Edwin manufactures matches.
Woody Crest, the day nurseries and the
Sunday school treats which hundreds of
little children associate with her name
have passed into history, and still flour
ish like any well established institution
made to last. Miss Gould's latest act of
businesslike generosity is tbe sending of
a check for $8,000 to Vassar college. It
will be used to fonnd a scholarship in
memory of Miss Gould's mother. Home
"The women of Missouri," says the
Philadelphia Telegr.iph, "are circulat
ing a petition to the governor of the
etate asking him to upiwiiit only mar'
ried men as resident physicians in the
iut-oue asylums of the state." Bnt why
not appoint women physicians to look
after the women who are confined in the
insane asylums of tho state? This is the
policy which has been adopted in South
Carolina, and it might well be followed
by the other states. The Sonth Carolina
experiment bos been most successful,
and, uudor Dr. Sarah Allan, the unfar
tuuate women in the hospital for the
insane at Columbia havo never had bet
ter and more . satisfactory treatment-
Charleston News and Conner.
fine Makes It Pay.
Mrs. Frances Fisher Wood has taken
op an entirely unique study and is mat
ing profit therefrom. She has always
been interested in oriental matters, and
has now so far advanced in tbe Japa
nese laugnage as to be an authority on
ttoetrv and all sorts of art treasures.
She is khe one woman in this city who
cau road the mystic symbols, aud is
known and recognized by every dealer
in Japanese curios. 1 urthermore, Mrs.
Wood is often in demand at the custom
honsewhen an expert opinion is needed.
and she has built up a most lucrative
business. Her own collection is valued
at $-10,1100, but serves its best use as a
model for less knowing bnvers. New
The Woman Who Lang-hs.
The woman who laughs is the latest
craze of the vaudevillo world. Miss Al
ice Athertou has won fame in London
through the music and the infectious
quality of her "ha! ha!" In 'spite of
the time honored theory that one should
never laugh at his own jokes, this young
woman 8 success stems due to her abil
ity to start the audience into the wild
est fits of merriment. She tells fnnny
stories in a funny way, but it is her own
laugh, heard at the close of each, that
has mode her fame. Exchange.
Froken Annette Vcdee, who is
daughter of the chief of tbe foreign de
partment in Copenhagen, has now re
linquished her post as amanuensis to
two of the professor at tbe Stockholm
university, which she has filled for
three terms, and has gone back to Co
penhagen, where she will complete an
important mathematical work upon
which she has been engaged for some
Wants Her to Preach.
Mrs. Lydia Tichenor Bailey, a Con
gregational preacher, recently held meet
ings at Snohomish, Wash., in which all
thechnrches united. They have since
decided to hold regular union services
and have invited Mrs. Bailey to preach
The girls of tbe Lawrence university
in Wisconsin have adopted a costume
for school wear modeled somewhat after
the military outfit of the boys of a cadet
school. It includes a bine blouse laced
up in front with black, and a skirt of
blue trimmed with black.
Some of tbe new poke bonnets have
alreadv been in evidence on several
bead among the New York smart set.
It is significant tbat only the prettiest of
pretty women have had the courage to
appear in tbem.
Old fashioned mahogany chairs, with
very high backs, are being much sought
after. The quaint maiden never looks
more charming thau when seated in one
of these high backed chair.
Mrs. Inna T. Jones has been re-elect
ed trustee of Plymouth Cougregational
church, Lansing. She is also superin
tendent of its Sunday school.
Miss Franc Baker of Morenci. Mich.,
has written a history of tbe Women's
Foreign Missionary society of tbe M. E.
I THE ADVANCED WOMAN. I '"i ' " .
6he may staad npon the corner in ber bloom
ers if hO Cil003C3 :
Fho eaa mn"ko a rismrette in tmblic, too:
She cv thisk up shocking thoughts and ded
icate thcia tn the m cars
In fact, do anything that' truly new.
Eat do not yet repine.
Oh. croctares masraline.
Koe think creation's altered in its plan.
For sho always wants to do
Thini; she' not expected to.
And she doesn't care to do them when she can.
A foremost place in politics fiho'll have it If
She'll worry over bargains in appropriation
And decorate too gavel which untutored man
now seizes i
With gilt and pretty ribbons till with joy
the eye tt fills.
She may Uo it all in style
' For a very little while.
Bat the Ultimate result we calmly scan.
For she always wants to do
Thine she's not exnoctl to.
And she doesn't care to do them when she can.
THE GOODLY SWORD.
The Ecyptiana Gave It the Xante Fifty
Half a hundred centuries ago the
Egyptians gave to the sword its name.
Since those old days the history of the
trenchant blade, stained with blood and
defaced by the scars of battle though it
is, bolds much of the glory, the poetry
and the chivalry of the cruel game of
A friend whose fidelity never wavered
and whose power never failed, it is not
surprising that men endowed the sword
not only with human attributes, but
with the might and majesty of the gods
themselves. The old legend abound in
tales of its magical powers. How the
divine armorers strove continually to
excel 6omo rival in tho forging of a
blade of a temper so delicate that it
might cut a thread with the same case
with which it struck a bead from the
body, or bewed through heavy metal
armor, was a favorite subject of tbe old
Teutonic and viking tales.
These legendary blades bore charao
teristio names, by which they were in
variably known: Gray steel. Wader
Through Sorrow and Millstone Biter
wero swords of wide renown, and we
all remember how Arthur of thcKonnd
Table took "Excalibur, the sword that
rose from out the bosom of the lake."
Caesar's sword was called Crocca Mora ;
Charlemagne's Joyeuse played no small
part in the setting up of the great Prank
ish empire. Many a bold captain went
down before El Tizona, wielded by the
relentless band of the Cid.
Tbe Japanese, whose civilization waa
old before ours began, have produced
beautiful examples of the swordmaker's
art. The Japanese nobleman carried hi
swords as the insignia of bis rank. He
wore one on each side, thrust into the
folds of bis sash.
TIigfo swords have been handed down
a heirlooms from father to son, and it
waa nut unnsual for families of ancient
lineage to have as many as 1,500 of
them marvels of costly and artistic
workmanship in their possession. The
scabbards are richly lacquered and
bonnd about with a silken cord in a
curious pattern. The blade is curved,
and the round guard ia pierced to car
ry small dagger. This guard, called
a tsuba, is decorated with curious de
signs, and so great is the ingenuity of
the Japanese metal workers that among
the thousands of swords they have pvo-
dnced it is impossible to find twoguands
exactly alike. They are prized so highly
by collectors that large sums of money
bave been paid frequently for an an
tique sword, only that it'niight be ruth
lessly torn apart to secure the guard-
Mary Stuart McKinney in St. Nicholas.
It is said that tho extempore playing
or tuo great lieetiiovon was marvelous.
but bo was entirely without tbe coolness
and self possession required by a per
former who wishes to render written
compositions with accuracy and finish.
The same fault was found with bis
conducting tfie orchestra; even before
his deafness he often confused the play
ers by his sudden gestures.
At one time lie was playing one of hi
own beautiful concertos for piano and
orchestra. During a long passage by the
orcnestra, while the piano was silent,
he forgot his position and fancying him
self conductorfor the moment he threw
out iiis arms at a certain chord, Knock
ing both the candles off the piano.
They were picked up, but when the
passagowas repeated nnd tho loud chord
recurred he forgot himself again, and the
accident Happened for tbe second time.
Tho audience, in spite of their great
admiration and respect for the master
musician, were convulsed with merri
mcnt, which so disgusted Beethoven
tbat several strings of the unoffending
piano suffered the consequences of bis
irritation, which expended itself in a
prodigious thumping ot the keys.
xontn s companion..
Those who havo partaken of peacock
declare that gorgeous bird to be decided
ly tongh eating, while it is said of the
swan tbat the fact of its ever having
been a familiar dish speaks hisbly in fa
vor of ancient English cutlery. More
over, it should not be forgotten that
when bustards' and boars' beads were
as common as sirloins and saddles now
are there were scarcely any vegetables
to eat witn tnem.
Mother Jaue. yon mast choose be
tween tho two. Will yon marry the
man who loves yen or the man who can
Daughter Mamma, a an np to date
girl. I must reply to your question tbat.
although love is a very dcsirablo thing,'
clothes are an absolute necessity. Lon
In Palestine and Persia tbe "sorrow
ful mycanthus" droops in tbe day, being
apparently about to die, but revive as
evening comes on.
The average whale is from 60 to 65
feet in length and from 33 to 38 feet in
TWENTY FIRST ST HE E W
Cpaj.... A !
Fine Residence Lots on Easy Terms
This addition is located between Twentieth and Twenty-second streets and Tenth and Twelfth avenues.
Nearly every lot in it baa npon it a 4a walnnt, elm, hackberrj or other large tree, and is already provided
with abundant shade. These lots are In the very best part of the city, and are the most desirable for resi
dence purposes. The drainage is perfect, and gas, water and sewerage are fully provided tor. These lota are
sold for dt sirablo homes and not for speculation.
Si. HI. STURGEON, mttchell gRE buildino
Iluoolno & Hoefl
BnpresentiBg among other time-tried
and well known Fire Insurance Com
panies the following:
Rtckvstcr Qflraiaa In Co.
Wfelcinatt Firs "
8 iCftlo Or rra mi
prln(r Gor iton
Npw Uamrh'n ,
V Ihrmkoc M ckanlcs " ,
Bocbosur, It 1
BnOalo, M T
tfanehoeter M il
Office Corner Eighteenth siree
nd Second Avenue, seoond floor.
Telephoce Ho. 1047.
J. M BUFORD,
General . . .
Tie all fXi and Tlms-vtM OompuSat
Usses FrszaptlT Ptld.
at M lovi a snr rtllsM c:mienr cm aSot
You iitro&a Is olletta.
purity and Excellence
M TBS MOTTO AT
Inoortcr Sad wtolessle dealer.
Yesn of axperieacs aid Uw
but of lacOMica. -
Nos 1615-1618 Third Avn. itv.
Si - si"
I r I fr s : ' ; ! '
-7TZ Z TT ! ! rTtrr r-itr vj H 1 1
, x i fjQ i i 1.; :-,!f t w
:, ,u a ! -ft. - - 'pT 3s i & -
Old age can be attained by the proper use of in
vigorating tonics. The Rock Island Brewing Co's
products are all the results of scientific labor and
the most improved apparatus, preserving in the
highest degree the health giving qualities of the
Rock Island Sicdwing Oo.
BOTTLED GOODS A SPECIALTY.
" Per Omt Uterest Paid on Deposits. '
KoBejr Loaa4 ob Peraonal Collateral or Real Estate Beaarttjr.
ion Carta in .vms
' r w ii an i.
J'g'a latii iiifL tan, sad oteoyj
.B. cor . Mltahau tjUt av koOdlac.
- - Jill m
Taddir' 111, i r
Incorporated Under tba
ROCK ISLAND. IM-
C T Lrnas,
ft t Hall.