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PASSENRER SER VTCF
1815 Second Avenue.
OLD TIE MOOTS.
Memorable Balloon Voyage of
1,200 Miles In 1850.
ACROSS LAKES EBIE A5D 05TABI0.
Tbm Dariaa; KxpcdlUon of Party of Aero
aaata Wka Btartod Treat St. Loala Tot
tka Atlaatie Occaa GrapaJo Daaeria
tftoa of Tbelr AdTcatarco.
The recent epidemic of alleged ainhipo
In the Mlnlealppl valley haa awakened
general Interest In the subject of aerial
navigation. An entertaining If not im
portant contribution to tho discussion is
that of Mr. William Hydo, who on Jnly 1
and 2, 1850, made the longest aerial jour
ney on record, traveling from St. Louis to
Adams, N. V., a distance of from 1,200 to
1,800 miles, in 19 hoars.
Mr. Hyde represented the Missouri Re
publican and was the guest of Professor
John Wise of Lancaster, Pa., on the bal
loon A t lan t la The company also lnclnded
John Lamountaln of Troy, N. Y., and O.
A. Qagor of Burlington, Vt., professional
aeronauts. - -
Directly beneath the great silken globe
containing the hydrogen was a large wick
er basket, or car, and 10 feet below this
was suspended the boot, or ship. Edibles,
drinkables, warm clothing, compass, ther
mometers, boromoters, ballast, maps, etc,
having already been loaded aboard, bun
dles of the principal St. Loots newspapers,
an express package directed to Kcw York
city and cards of candidates for office were
taken on, and the voyagers stepped Into
their assigned places. The signal to re
move the ropes holding the impatient and
tugging craft down was given, and amid
the applauding shouts of the people the
Atlantic rose slowly and majestically far
above tho house tops and sailed off In a di
rection a little north of northeast. At
7:80 o'clock the ship seemed but a speck
In the deepening twilight.
To these voyagers the experience was
most thrilling. The motion of the croft
was perfectly steady. There was no rock-
TWICK THE CAR DIPPED INTO THE
lng of the boat or car, no rustling of the
silk, nothing to tell the passengers tbey
were not poised between sky and earth in
a dead calm but the receding fields and
At first objects became less clearly de
fined, tho smoke disappeared from the sky,
streets grew narrower and darker until
they seemed like thin lines, and finally the
city faded into a spot.
The descending darkness gave to the col
or of the soil tho appearance of frozen
lakes. The sun had set to the inhabitants
of the earth, but to those in the balloon it
was yet four or five degrees above the hori
xon. At 7:36 tho A,tlantio was passing over
tho magnificent prairies of Illinois, with
St. Louis lying south, half west, behind,
and tho brightness of tho western sky was
in lino contrast with tho oncoming dark
ness of the Mississippi's eastern tributaries.
About 8 o'clock a descent was mado from
a two mile nltitudo to one mile. Ballast
was then thrown off, and from partial dark
ness on ascent was mado Into full sunlight,
1 1,000 fet t above tho earth. The difference
In temperature then manifested itself, and
overcoats and shawls were taken out.
It was at this time that Professor Wise,
alone in his wlckor car, had a narrow es
cape from asphyxiation. Overcome with
the day's exertions, he bad fallen asleep
with his nostrils close to the mouth of the
bnlloon and was inhaling the hydrogen.
Mr. Gngi r discovered him and a few min
utes' vigorous work, in which all took a
hand, brought him around. The Atlantic
bad entered tho west-cast current, and tho
aeronauts were feeling much elated. The
continued cold, howcvcr.coolcd theirardor,
and a drop was taken into a less swiftly
running current, but one in which the ad
dition to comfort more than compensated
the Im of tiuio in mating the cwt
As mx m as the more violent discomforts
were remedied tho '"inner man" asserted
himself and all hands fell to on the edibles
with an alacrity and relish that bespoke for
them perfect digestions. It was now a lit
Oo past midnight Tho milky way appear
ed like luminous phosphorescent clouds,
and stars glistened brightly above and be
low, while over ail tho newborn moon shed
its mellow light, adding the touch that
made the poet's dream perfect - -
Shortly after 1 o'clock another descent
was made, until a dense forest was visible
and tho wind could be distinctly heard
passing through the tree boughs, sounding
like a heavy raic
After the forest, farm lands appeared
and sounds of dogs barking and frogs
ooaklng reached the voyagers. Tbey re
sponded to the salutation by tossing out a
bundle of newspapers, doubtless to the
astonUhment of the natives next morning.
A 1:30 a. m. the Wabash river and Sew
Albany and Salem railroad were passed.
f.Utin,;aU thtPrtT fast asleep
bat Mr. Hyde, who was the least fatigued
and realised the voyage would probably
be bis last as wen as first. At S o'clock
pproachtng dawn bad snuffed cat tha
stars and the deep mouthed dogs below
hod sought their kennels. The balloon
was now riding majestically through tho
clear ether. At 8 5 the ship floated over
a village composed of a doaen or so bouses
In a pretty cluster. All hands were awake
now, and while eating their A o'clock
breakfast Fort 7ayne was left to the
right The shouts of the astonished ln
babitantewere plainly audible, and some
papers and bills of fare f the old Banum
hotel were thrown off and fell within ten
miles of the town.
The crooked Wabash afforded every
member of the party the excuse far an
early morning Joke oa the line that it did
not pursue its course on un deviating prin
ciples. . At 4:30 the ship was sailing at a mod
erate speed near a large forest. At' 13
minutes after 5 o'clock a large lake' was
discovered. The vessel was wisplng along
at a brisk rate, dragging its shadow on
the ground, encircled in fantastic colors.
Lake Erie, with its 7,800 square miles of
surface, soon burst into view. Groups of
White clouds, like great puffs from a steam
pips, floated languidly on every side, un
folding their gauzelike robes and passing
off in eddying currents. ' There was a col
lection of small booses huddled at the
moutb of the Maumee river, marking the
site of toe present city of Toledo. Slowly
the quartet floated over the great bend,
dotted with specks of land, where Perry
gained his victory in 1818.
Sandusky City was passed at 7 55, and
the Atlantic swept far into the lake, head
ed due east. At 9 :80 a steamer bound for
Buffalo was overtaken, and an exchange of
compliments, consisting of cheers, follow
ed. At 10 o'clock tho steamer was out of
sight in the rear, so rapid was the balloon 'a
flight. In three hours the entire length of
Lake Erie had been traversed.
The balloon was a mile above a terrible
storm that was bending the trees to the
ground and lashing the waves into an in
describable fury, but above the wildly
tempestuous elements tho Atlantic sailed
easily, not a shred of silk being so much as
Buffalo, Niagara falls and Welland canal
were sighted at 11 o'clock. At noon the
four passengers bad on opportunity of see
ing the mighty Niagara as perhaps no oth
ers ever have in its insignificance. At an
altitude of a mile there appeared a descent
of about two feet, and the water scmed to
LAKE. AND THE PERIL WAS EXTREME.
be perfectly motionless. The spray gave
the whole an appearance as of ice, and there
was nothing grand or sublime about it
seen from that altitude. The balloon was
being borne directly toward Lake Ontario,
and as tho ballast had been exhausted it
was decided to descend to the earth, bind
Mr. Hyde and Mr. Gager, take on a suf
ficient quantity of new ballast and again
steer for the Atlantic ocean. The airship
was lowered, but was immediately caught
in a hurricane. The voyagers bad mis
taken the roar of the storm for that of Ni
agara. The balloon was carried near tho
tree tops. Some baggage was thrown over
board, and the balloon shot out over the
lake. Soon bind had faded, and dreary
waste of nearly 7,000 square miles of wa
ter lay below the little party. The situa
tion was one of extreme peril, and the dan
ger was Increasing momentarily as the
wind swished the big bnlb over the water
at a terrific rate. Everything movable was
thrown into the waves. All except Mr.
Lamountaln climbed into the basket under
That gentleman, risking his life for the
safety of bis companions, dismantled tho
ship, cut it loose from the balloon and
climbed safely into the car. Every one
realized now that disaster was at hand. The
prayer was that they would not be over
taken above those angry waters. Lower
and lower they were dropping, and hope
was fast receding. Suddenly a stronger
blast than the others caught the balloon
and drove it along within a few feet of the
waves for 60 miles. Twioe it dragged the
surface of the water, and the peril was ex
treme. Suddenly the wind switched it In
land, only to fall into a burrionne's grip.
The balloon rushed into a thick forest,
and tearing down trees and breaking
branches pursued its resistless course for
over a mile, dashing the occupants, of the
car to and fro against trunks and limbs,
till at last it caught a tall sycamore and
the silk was rent into ribbons.
The voyagers were left suspended 20 feet
in the eir. Bat one of the four was In
jured Mr. Lamountaln slightly about the
hip. From natives who were attracted to
the spot in large numbers it was learned
the end of the expedition had occurred on
toe farm of Truman O. Whitney, Hender
son township, Jefferson county, N. Y.
The nearest telegraph station waa
Adams, ten miles distant on the Water
town and Rome railroad. The party ad
journed there to telegraph news of their
safety to relatives and friends. The entire
neighborhood bad been aroused by the
landing of tho balloon, and the party was
not allowed to leave town until each mem
ber had addressed a mass meeting,' relat
ing bis experience and Ideas on aerial
- - lea Wagons at a Faacral.
At the recent funeral of an ice dealer la
Orange, N. J., half a dozen of bit Ice wag
ons loiiowea toe nearse in the procession
to wo cemevcry.
Some Creditable Work by Dep
uty Marshal Bates.
HE CAUGHT H ASBIS BRAXLETT.
the OBtoera Far Thirty Yean.
United States Deputy Marshal Bob
Bates of Atlanta is waging an active war
fare against the moonshiners who Infest
the mountains of Georgia and is piling up
glory at a rapid rate. He gained fame a
few weeks ago by capturing Harris Bram
lett, the most noted moonshiner of the
south, and ' followed np this notable
achievement by bagging a band of five
outlaws in the Cobntta mountains after a
severe struggle. Friends of the mountain
eers, made desperate attempts to rescue
them and fought the officers from ambush
until tbey gained the railroad station.
Ne man ever charged with moonshining
Is bettor known than Brnmlett, who baa
been identified with some of the bloodiest
tragedies ever enacted on the red, ragged
bills of north Georgia. He baa given the
revenue men more trouble than a dozen
ether men put together, and bas made
perhaps as much whisky as any moonshin
Bramlettwas said to be the leader of
the famous band of White Caps that atone
time terrorized Murray and Whitfield
counties with then? wild deeds of desperate
daring, and the same gang that sent a
volley of leaden balls into the body of ill
fated Henry Worley as be was working in
bis cornfield two years ago.
The murder of Worley is well remember
ed because of its ghastly details. Worley
was killed for being an informer on cer
tain moonshiners. The White Caps bad
banded together and bad sworn death to
any man who Informed on any of their
number for making whisky, which was an
avocation followed by the majority of the
gang. The gang learned that Henry Wor
ley bad told the revenue men of certain of
their number who were running illicit
stills. Tbey voted to kill the Informer, and
plans were formulated to murder him.
On a certain night in 1895 the White
Cappers went to Worlcy's house and drag
ged him away, despite the protestations of
his family. The unfortunate mountaineer
was carried far away into a wild, dense
wood, where he was banged to a tree.
The crowd, as soon as they saw their vlo
tlm swung up safely, left, thinking that
DEPtTTT BOB BATES.
be was dead. But Worley wasn't dead by
a long jump, and shortly after his wonld
be murderers departed be recovered con
sciousness and by an almost superhuman
effort succeeded in untying the rope from
around bis neck and dropping to the
Worley went out plowing in bis cornfield
at an early bonr. He bad been plowing
but a short time before a number of men
came np from behind a clump of trees at
one end of the field, and then came a loud
report, as if a dozen guns bad been fired at
onco. Worley fell to the ground, his body
riddled by the rifle balls and buckshot He
waa dead before be struck the ground. .
The clew to the murderers of Worley
was slim, but it was but a few days before
ten of bis neighbors were arrested for the
crime, among them bebig some of the most
prominent men of Murray county. Harris
Bramlett was one of the prisoners. Bram
lctt turned state's evidence, and his com
panions are now serving sentences of ten
years each, and the cose against him waa
About tho time of Bramlett's capture by
Bates, old "Bed Bob" Baker, who has
been the leading moonshine distiller of
eastern Kentucky for 80 years, was taken
into. camp by Revenue Agent J. W. Colyer.
When taken, Baker's clothes were spat
tered with beer and mash, and the evi
dence against him is so strong that he
will not be able t thwart justice this
time. He hss been arrested six times be
fore, charged with moonshining, but the
government baa been unable to prove him
guilty. He is about 60 years old, and his
wife, who is known as Coon Baker, is five
years bis senior. They both have remark
able records as moonshiners. They were
arrested several years ago and placed un
der guard, but the wife escaped and re
mained in biding in the mountains for
five months. - She it was who disposed of
the whisky after Bed Bob bad made It,
and she managed that end of the business
so well tnat none of her family bas ever
been convicted. Their sons, Henry and
Abner, have been arrested several times
for moonshining and selling moonshine
whisky, bnt each time the government
lauea so mace a
Will sas take the place of electricity and
the gallows in executions? Men of science,
medical men and those who are in a posi
tion to know say that it will and that the
change is not far distant A bill prepared
by a responsible committee of physicians
Is to be in trod need into the Pennslyvania
legislature to abolish banging, and pro
vider that the death penalty be Inflicted by
asphyxiation. The plan proposed is to In
troduce gas into the cell of the doomed
toaa while be is asleep. A specially con
structed cell for condemned prisoners will
of course be necessary. This cell would
have to be built so that it could be made
I absolutely airtight when the time came to
j perform the execution. It will probably
1 bemads of some metal, with a ventilator
that could be tightly closed when In readl
. aess for the carrying out of the law's com.
rnand. - It would also be arranged so that
It could be filled with gas in a very saort
e Breath te Book Jaetloa Overtakes
Keateeky TttBtfller Wat Has Deflea
THREE CURIOUS PLANTS.
the CaonlkaJ Tree, Cvaeelo mast aaa
Three of the most dangerous of ege
tive plants in the world are the can
nibal tree of Australia, the death or
grapple plant of South Africa and the
vegetable python of New Zealand,
' Toe cannibal tree grows np ia the
tbape of a huge pineapple and attains a
height of II feet It haa a series of
trod. boardlike leaves growing in a j
fringe at tbe apex, which . forcibly j
bring to mind a gigantlo 7 Central
American agave, and these boardlike
leaves, from 10 to 19 feet in the smaller
specimens and from 15 to 80 feet in the
larger, hang to the ground and are
easily strong enoogh to bear the weight
of a man of 140 pounds or more. In the
ancient times this tree waa worshiped
by the native savages under the name of
the devil tree, a part of the interest
ing ceremony being the sacrifice of one
of their number to its all too read em
brace. The victim to be sacrificed waa
driven np the leaves of the tree to the
apex, and the instant the so called pis
tils of the monster were touched the
leaves wonld fry together like a trap,
crushing the life out of the intruder. In
this way the tree would hold its victim
until every particle of flesh would dis
appear from his bones. '
The grapple plant ia a prostrate herb
growing in South Africa. Its flowers
are purple and shaped like the English
foxglove. Its fruit has formidable books
which, by clinging to any passerby, is
conveyed to situations where its seed
may find suitable! conditions for growth.
Sir John Labbock says it has been known
to kill lions.
The vegetable python, which is
known to the naturalist as the elusia or
fig, is the stranglcr of trees. The seeds
of the elusia, being provided with a
pulp and very pleasant to the tropical
birds which feed thereon, are carried
from tree to tree and deposited on the
branches. Here germination begins.
The leafy stem slowly rises, while the
roots flow, as it were, down the trunk
until the soil is reached. Here and there
they branch, changing their coarse ac
cording to the direction of any obstruc
tions met with. Meanwhile from these
rootlets leafy branches have been de
veloped, which, pushing themselves
through the canopy above, get into the
light and enormously accelerate their
Now a metamorphosis takes place,
for the hitherto soft aerial roots begin
to harden and spread wider and wider.
throwing out side branches, which flow
into and amalgamate with each other
antil the whole tree trunk is bound in a
series of irregular living hoops. From
this time on it is a struggle of life and
death between the forest giant and the
entwining elusia. Like an athlete the
tree tries to expand and bunt its fet
ters, causing the bark to bulge between
every interlacing, but success and free
dom are not for the captive tree, for the
monster elusia has made its bands very
numerous ana wide. JNot allowed ex
pansion, the tree soon withers and dies.
and the strangler is soon expanded into
a great bush, almost as large as the
mass of branches and foliage it has
effaced. It is truly a tragedy in the
world of vegetation. Los Angeles
High Prices For Playlnc Cars. .
sale of old playing cards took place
in Xionaon recently. The catalogue con
tained 46 lots, and though they lacked
the extreme rarity of many in the
Schneber collection there were a nam.
ber of unusually interesting and curi
ous packs. These were the characteris
tics especially of 62 old proverb cards,
the rarity of which is testified to by the
fact that they are not mentioned in the
British museum catalogue, in which
every known variety ia recorded.- The
pack was in fine condition and realized
the sum of 4 Is. A marble backed set
of 64 Dutch satirical cards, engraved in
the first quarter of the eighteenth cen
tury, fetched 3 18s. Tbejrom of 8
was paid for an antique geographical
pack of about the year 1675. This set
also included the rare explanatory card
and another card describing other packs
of the period. The "popish plot" pack,
which was published in 1679, was sold
for 3 lbs. These cards are very scarce,
bnt the completeness of the pack was
broken by the absence of the seven of
hearts, and this influenced the price.
A pack illustrating the American war,
with portraits of the generals engaged in
it, realized 8 guineas.
Dickens was 27 years old when, in
1839, he moved from Doughty street to
Devonshire terrace. George da Mauri er
lived for some years in 1 Devonshire
In this now celebrated bouse Dickens
wrote no fewer than ten of his books:
"The Old Cariosity Shop," "Barnaby
Badge," "The Christmas Carol,"
"American Notes," "Martin Chnxale
wit," "The Hannted Man," "The Bat
tle of Life," "Dombey and Son," "The
Cricket on the Hearth" and "David
Copperfleld." Devonshire terrace was
situated at the corner of the Marylebona
road and used to be called the smallest
terrace in London.
' Flea Boys PreeaaA at Ttilrega '
Chicago, May 24. Prank On Inn.
Charles Coates. James Coates. Charles
Bvec, Ajoen even ana John Honts, all
beys ranging from S to 11 yeara old. am
on a raft in Mud lake, a wide expanse of
water In the south branch of the Chica
go river, to paddle across. Young Hon is
took fright Just after leavtns; the snore,
tripped and Jumped In where tbe water
was shallow and aded asbore. The other
boys took the scare later, whet tbe
water was twenty feet deep. Jumped oft
ae ran ana mil were crowned.
When a dentist ia China Is polling a
nma larapatran, an aanstant BaBaawtB
oa a gong to drown the cries of the
T marriaon rate in Great Brltaba.
which -haa been steadily deoliniaa a to
jiESCLCT-iT ciaTD5 -
To tlrop into Crampton's any day or evening and
look over the immense line of books he carries.
Books on science, travel, history, religion, soli
tics, in fact; anything from Greek mythology to
modern fiction. Any book on any subject. If
not in stock he can get it quickly.
L1 the current publications
Social, Sporting or Domestic,
Religious, Humorous or Educational.
An unapproached (Ine of Fancy Stationery and
Supplies. Everything late In this department
Prices Always Reasonable.
1725 SECOND AVENUE.
Hot Water Heating,
Steam and Gas Fitting,'
Copper, Tin and
Sheet Iron Work.
Cor. Nineteenth street
and Second Avenue.
JHlere at jflfdme
TBE wall known prod act of th CHICAGO BBEW.
LNG COMPANl that haa baooma bo justly pop.
alar ia building ap the system. It is a eoaasatrated
i of select asais
smiraoBlons Batistas oo to oonvsJesoaata, aaraiBs;
. . " " "
Tbe Chicago Drcxyfcsr Co'o. Ccttled Deer
has also xaads b repaUUoa foritaolf aad eaa be or.
dared from tha local braaoh telapkoa UOf.
nineteenth St and First
srss: rir 53?r4
. CAN . PROCURE , THE
Liquid Malt Food
aaa uops aaa give aiaaoet
is again on us laonaaa,