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THE ABQTSi THURSDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1898.
Weird Indian Relics of the
: 1 North Pacific.
l mask REpnrsENriM
- X LyN5ANNisAi.jsociETy
BEAR DANCER 5acs5
D BV I I
CT Ovl IrtlWJORtSS WORN 6v CHIEF I !
I IZ II
SPECIMENS OF BARBARIAN ART.
Among tho masks of God. of hi
brother Atikundmu, as tho Bella Ccola In
dians on tlio pastern ccuut of tho north
lnclflo sny, of the four workmen, and of
tho ten deputy geds now on exhibition at
tho Museum of Natural lUtory In New
York, one may spend a most interesting
nfternoon. Iheso masks and wooden
figures. In thi shapa of man, nro in tho
haM-mcnt of tho north wing of tho mu
seutu, and nr tho mos-t reeeitt additions
to tho collection cf ethnological specimens
tho Morris K. Jcsup exploring parties are
making of tho aborigines of the western
coast of North America. Tho collection it-
relf, says tho New York Press, will havo
tho whole row west wing of tho building
ax soon as this extension is completed, and
I)r. Franz lions, tho curator, has arranged
and catalogued tho specimens. Tho
masks aro perhaps the most extraordi
nary feature of tho display, which Is tiio
wetrdctt of all the museum has to show.
Hcsidcs these faces thcro are totem poles.
frurb of ceremony, costumes simple and
beaut if al in design, admirable lay figures
ami hundreds cf utensils of various and
A totem is a crest or coat of arms or a
tril. Thcro nro enough totems In theso
collections to illustrate nn encyclopedia of
heraldry. They Hro all significant, more
over, as tho tonrncd doctor explains with
clearness in bis picturesque report on the
plastic arts ;f tho r.orth Pacific Indians
which was published In last year's Mu so
li m ISuIlctln. Dr. Boas soya that this art,
like the art of all ether savago tribes, is
animal that is, begins with drawings of
animals. These drawings Ijfcomo more
sketchy and conventional as thedecorativo
A pmmiccnt flgnro is that of a bear.
Ho is doing a religious skirt dance after
tka manner of tho original Kwakiult, tho
founder of his tribe, who was tho biggest
bear that ever wu bcrn. Kwakiult I ad
mired tho two step and could do a split in
four directions atoneo. Method it ts always
pass bj this enso. 'i fco Enccticn of antiq
uity which old Kwakiult gives to the
amusement their eoct frowns upon frosts
In tho neighboring case a brave chief
wrapped in carpet is doing ct rvinony with
Implements, headfronr and much mystery.
The weaving of tho rcbo about him, both
in c ilor and dpsign, shews that his people
hav a highly developed sense of harmony
and proportion. There is a decided sug
gestion of tho art of eastern Asi bere.
Indeed the linos and the colors of this
decoration, j Well ok the natiTea tbsui-
selves in their physiques and countenances,
remind one of the lower class the coolies
One of the objects, if not tho chief ob
ject, of the Morris K. Jcsnp expedition is
to determine what relationship exists be
tween the coast tribes of western Washing
ton and British Columbia and running
along to Bering strait and those across
in Asia and down along Kamchatka to
Korea. Some of Mr. Jesup's explorers are
over In Siberia new. They have found va
rious folklore tales that correspond with
the legends and myths of Indians on this
continent; also a similarity in certain
household utensils. There aro Instances of
identity of words which, however, lYr.
Boas believes may be accidental. The
structure of language on the opposite tides
of the l'nciflc comes in fcr rigcrous inves
tigation, and soon Mr. Jesnp's generosity
wUl bear rich fruit and will throw light
cn one of tho most Interesting questions in
historical research. Where did the Ameri
can Indians como from?
It is remurkatlo how much there Is In
cedar. The.-o Indians get almost every
thing they need from it excepting food. It
Is more useful to them than bamboo is to
tho J a pa c esc. They maka their boats,
their huts, their clothes and many of their
tools out of it. Their cedar bowls, boxes
and. chert aro excellent achievements.
Karly .la pan so art was likely the same in
kiud ai tlutt of the Indians at present. In
some ways it is the samo In kind, lne
nets, bows, arrows, spears, fishhooks.
cumbersome, tut effective; their paddles,
c.mcc. crmur and all such equipments of
these Indians hear a similarity to much
one finds among tho tribes on the west
shores of tho I'aciSo.
Grotesque cs mcch of their carving is.
there is much strength in the work, and
Buiue of tho masks have great artistic
merit. There is a largo variety of subjects
represented in these false faces. They are
of all the animals cn lund. in the sea or in
tho air familiar to the savages. The sun
la the chief. lie is "our father," "the
one whom all must worship, etc. He
has a brother, Atikundaiu. The masks
of theso two deities are side by side in a
case on the wct tide of the north wirg.
They ore cf cedar and S feet 6 inches tail
In nearby cases are nioks of the in
habitants of the house of myths, the work
men, who aro intercessors between God
and man, and ten lesser or deputy deities,
who look after religious ceremonies and
tho spiritual welfare of mortals. One of
theso is a goddess known by the gentle
nam of "the Eater."
Tht Telltale "W. -.
She was a poor, plaiu Jitila . woman.
evidently juet in from tbetfttanfay, add
she stood looking longingly at a line ot
gaudy parses which bang along in
row bj the notion counter.
After a minute the stepped into a
corner, took oat her own shabby little
leather parse and counted over the
She evidently fonnd out she could
afford it, aa a great extravagance, and
bo at last walked ehyly np to the coun
ter, selected one with "pearls" set in
along the chain and a big emerald flash
ing in the top, took np the box in
nhicii it was given her and vanished in
the direction of the waiting room. Hot
more than five seconds later she appear
ed again her old parse tacked oat of
eight and the new one hanging proudly
round her neck. It was almost pitiful
to see Tier she took so much pride in
the gandy thing and then, more piti
ful, yet mora laughable, there came
into view behind her the price ag,
flapping gnyly from its little pink string
and proclaiming to the world at large
that that particular purse had cost just
Nobody who saw that saucy tag bad
the courage to tell its wearer, and yet
that would have been kindest too. lint
she Vanished down the street with it
still in view. How do yon suppose she
felt when she found it out? Cleveland
"From all Corners of the Globe
Holmca mm a Face Reader.
The i'outb'a Companion tells this
story of Oliver Wendell Holmes, one of
whose bobbies was to trace genealogies
and family resemblances. At the open
ing of tbe term of the medical tlass one
year, while he was one of its lecturers,
he met for the first time a yonng mem
ber who introduced himself as, let us
say, a Perry of Cambridge.
The little doctor looked ct him keenly
and said: " You are also one of tbe W. a
of .Cape Ccd. I know it by your upper
The young man flushed and made
baste to answer that he never had beard
of the W. 's and did not know any per
son in Cape Cod.
Bet the doctor smiled obstinately and
at intervals through, the winter would
inquire whether Mr. Perry had looked
op his ancestor, receiving each time the
assurance that inqniry had been made.
but no trace of this strain of blood conld
bo found in the family.
One day Perry came to him. "You
were right. Dr. Holmes. We have found
in an old Bible record that my great-;reat-grandmother
was a W. and came
from Cape Cod."
The doctor beamed with delight. "Xso
upper lip ever deceived me yet," he
laughingly exclaimed, and carried his
little triumph to all of his friends with
is much pleasure cs if it had been a
long lost treasure.
"A few nights ago," writes a Trans
vaal correspondent, "I, in company with
i ciinm, took a stroll round tbe Native
Location which lies about 200 yards
from the railway station. We made for
j row of huts, four in nnmber, in tbe
front of which wood fires were burning.
"On reaching them we noticed tbe
natives were in the act of catching lo
custs, flying ants nnd other queer look
ing insects which were swarming around
in hundreds, being attracted by tbe
bright light of tbe fire.
"After their wings had been singed
through coming in contact with the
fire, the i insects were scooped into a
large bole dug in tbe sand. We waited
several minutes woudering what : the
motive for all this could be, when the
niggers formed a circle round this hole
and commenced taking out handfuls cf
those hideous looking things and eating
"This, as we ascertained, formed tbe
niggers evening meal, tney iniorming
as it was 'mooshla scoff (nice food). "
A Simple Snnsblne Recorder.
Procure an empty quarter plate card
board box, and in the top of tbe lid cut
a hole about half an inch in diameter
close to tbe edge of one side. Then paste
a bit of stiff brown paper over this hole.
and when dry prick a hole in the brown
paper with a pin.
To use the sunshine recorder place a
piece of paper in tbe bottom of the box.
but sensitive side uppermost, and on
this place a glass plate to keep tbe pa
per fiat Now put tbe lid on containing
tbe pin hole, and stand the whole thing
flat on a window ledge, tbe pin hole side
facing tbe sooth and make a pencil mark
all round the box, so that ypn always
place it in the same position, and change
tho paper once a day, when a very clear
record of every peep of sunshine will be
found. New York Mail and Express.
HIa Erala Bell.
"Yon know," said a man who writes
things for a living, "there's a bell rings
on the typewriter when you get to tbe
end of the line to warn tbe operator
that the end has been reached, and he
mast stop and take a fresh 6tart. I have
no bell in my brain, bnt I have some
thing there that tells me with no less
certainty when I have done my stint,
and it is time for me to step for the
day. And I sometimes wonder if the
gentle reader doesn't think that my
brain bell ought to ring earlier." New
Askey Where's the rich
you're engaged to?
Tellum You see that lovely girl in
pink at tbe other side of the room?
Askey Yea. I say, old man, what a
Tell am' -Well, it isn't she. It's that
grand old ruin in yellow eitting next
her. London Tit-Bits.
. . Too Slack laterest.
- Wright I believe a good deal cf hu
man interest could be put in a play
wilii tbe scenes laid in a pawnshop.
Keed My dear boy, the interest in a
pawnshop is someftbing absolutely In-
numan. -Cincinnati Enqairer.
s the News of the Dav Faith
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