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THE AUGrUS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 2G, 1899.
BEFORE MATCHES CAME.
McCASKIUN A McCASKSIN,
Attorneys at Law.
. Boek Island and HOu.
unrKrell Mate s
Boek Island Mm
B C. OOHWkl.LT. B. D. OOVSn.LT
CONNELLY A CONNELLY,
' Attorneys at lw
Money loaned Office over Thomas' drug
iore. corner of second arena ana bnia
. A I torn era at Law.
one la Boek Island National Bank Bull
II. L. I.UDOI.PH. EOIT. B. BBTBOLDS.
LUDOLTH & REYNOLDS,
Attorneys at Law.
Money to loan. General legal buslnt
tary public 1706 Second BTeaue,
a I. WALKBB.
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law.
Office la Be Devon Block.
SEAKLE & MARSHALL,
Attorneys at Law.
Transact a general leral business.
McENlBY 4 McENIBY,
Attorneys at Law.
Ijamn noncT on rood security; Drake eollee
Ions. Reference. Mitchell A Lynde, bankers
Ofnee, Mitchell A Lynde building.
JOHN K. SCOTT.
City attorney of Rock
Mitchell A Lycdc bulkllng-
Island. Room 4
F. H. FIKST, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon.
Innne 4 on ISS7.
street- Ofllco hours:
7 to 8 p. m. Sunday,
10 to 12 a. m.
8.30 to 9:10 I
; I to 4 nd
. m.; 1 SO to
PR. CORA EMERY REED,
Special attention to diseases of women and
ehlldren. also disuses of eye, ear, soae and
throat. Office hour 9:30 to 13 a. tn., 1 to 4 p
m, Kl Sixteenth sirce.. Itock Island.
J. B BUBKIIAHT, M. D . . .
MUfl. ITS DA M. BDBKBABT, M. D.
DR3. BURK1IAKT & BURKliART.
omee Tremann block. Office hours B to It
a. m., I to ft and 7 to 9 p. m. 'Phone No. 42
Rock Island, 111. Nltflit calls answered from
C. T. FOSTER. M. D.
Physician and Surgeon.
Omee between Third and Fourth avenues on
Twentieth atreet Omee hours: 0 to 11a.m.,
t to 4 p m. and 7 to ft p. m. Night calls from
office I'houc 0n.
DR. S. II. MILLER,
Veterinary Burgeon and Dsn list,
All diseases of horses and cattle treated on
approved principles. Suritlcsi operations per
formed In a sclentlUC manner. Uo(r treated.
All calls promptly attended to. Residence,
IPtrt Fifth avenue. Telephone 4l. . Office
and Inrlrroerr. 1SI.V1A17 Fourth avenue
(aiauckcr's stable), opposite No. 1 Ore bouse.
DR. II. EMMETS TEEN,
In the treatment oi
chronic diseases of
Specialist and expert
nervous, private and A
men and women.
Hours: 10 to IU. 1 o 4, 9 to S. Sundays 10 to It.
Harrison ar.d Second streets, opposite new
DR. M. A. UOLUNGSWORTH.
Office. Harper liouxc Pharmacy, o Night calls
PR. C. W. GRAFTON,
Rooms IS and Is. Mitchell Lynde buUSlng.
Omee hours from 8 to It a. m. and 1 to 6 p. to.
J. T. TAYLOR,
OWee hours s.to to It a. m.. 1:S0 to 4: p. m.
Ill Klchteextb street. Opposite Union sfflee.
BRACK A KERNS.
Architects and Snpsricteadesis
Skinner nioek. Second Boor.
HENRY GAETJE, ITop.
Oat Flowers and Designs Of ail Kinds.
1807 Second avenue. TsJspbocc
I Dr. Wll!ta:- Indian Pile
I'ltrtmfi.t wi. "vre llnnd
'Uierdir.c an. Itchins
Fill. It abNor'j the tumor.
anus s tLe itcB-.us at once, acta
las a piiuiiire. rixes instant re
lief, llr. William' ladiat IMeOint-
Lj In? r.f lb- private parts. Every box is
warranted. Ily Jruc(ris. by tnsil fit, e-
eelpt cf pn - o cents ami flno. kyU Jf
tslUMXTURING CO.. i'rop. C.eelaad. GlSS
StltjUr BaaatBB Oruggona,
The Flint and Bterl and Rushlights and
Tallow Iips of Our Ancestors.
To the present generation it may seem
next door to tbe incredible that in the
first years of the reign of Wiliani IV
there were no lncifer matches. In lien
thereof there were only long matches or
splints of wood tipped at each end with.
melted suipaur, and before tbe compli
cated system of dipping the sulphnret-
ed match in concentrated snlpbnrlo
acid came into use these matches were
kindled first by striking a light with
flint end steel and then canning the
spark to ignite a small qnantity of tin
der, an inflammable substanco usually
composed of partially bnrued linen.
This, simple adjunct to the process' of
obtaining a light bad been in use all
over the world from time immemorial.
The French tinder was called "ama
don, " a word the etymology of which
has been fiercely contested, some phi
lologers deriving it from the old French
adjectivo "amadou, equivalent to am
orous, and conveying the moral idea of
tbe sweetly agreeable sensation of the
hand coming in contact with a very soft
substance, while others trace it to the
Latin "ad manum dulce. " The French
tinder was often made of the speingy
portions of mushrooms and other fungi,
and prior to the introduction of lncifer
matches the manufacture of amadou
was one of considerable importance.
The cryptogamio substance beaten
on a block somewhat after the manner
of felt uutil it became homogeneous,
and it was then impregnated with
solution of salts of niter or simply pul
verized gunpowder. Tlio fierinans still
fabricate a delicate lind of amadou
which is used in surgery for stanching
hemorrhage. As for flint and steel, tbey
have as completely faded out from our
domestic economy as they havo from
firearms, and the tinder box is so rare
ly seen that it might well t includl-d
in an exhibition of old social curios.
With tinder and tinder boxes has also
vanished the rushlight which, when
William Cobbett was a boy, English
cottagers used to make for themselves
by gathering rushes and dipping them
successively in melted tallow until suffi
cieut thick adipose matter was obtained.
In houses where refinement was sup
poserl to prevail tho rushlight was
invariably placed in a japanned tin
shade perforated with circular orifices.
and the iiisomnolent invalid had the
pleasure of contemplating a largo
number of round spots of light on the
ceiling, reflected from the rushlight
screen. "Dips," another form of tallow
caudle, much given to sputtering, which
6mclled abominably, have also died tho
death, and "mold candles,' which
strove to emulato wax ones in thoir
form, but hardly succeeded in doing so,
havo been '--superseded by cheaper can
dles, almost as shapely uud as light
giving as tho old and costly spermaciti
Seventy years ago gas was little used.
There were no railroads, few steamboats
and no lncifer matches; yet, as Mr.
Walter Bcsant might put it, the world
wont very well then. London Tele
APOLOGIZED FOR INTRUDING.
The Ilasliful Student Thought the Venus
of Medici Was m Llviug- llatber.
A funny story of a modest man is
told by Aubrey de Vero in Tho Century
Magazine. After 50 years' seclusion
within the walls of his college a certain
venerable follow of Cambridge univer
sity thought it was time for him to seo
a littlo of tho world, and he accepted an
invitation from an early pupil who was
entertaining a largo party in a great
country house. At dinner he sat next
to the young lady of the house. Their
conversation fell upon baths, and she
happened to mention that she took a
shower bath every morning to invigorate
her system, adding, when ho inquired
what a shower bath was, that it resem
bled a very small round room; that the
bather took bis or her stand in the cen
ter of it, and upon pulling a string was
drenched by a sudden flood of water from
Next nKnmtng the recluse rose at his
usual hour o'clock and being of an
inquisitive temper thought it well to
explore carefully what he had never
seen before a large country house. On
pulling open a door hu found himself at
tho entrauco of a very small circular
apartment, onoof thoso in which Ijoumj
maids store away old brushes and house
hold articles past their work. In the
center of it stood a plaster cast of the
Venus of Medici. Tiie venerable man
recoiled, closed the door and walked in
the park till summoned by tho breakfast
hell. He took his seat, and the host ask
ed whether ho would havo tea or coffee.
Dut he had reflected on what good man
ners imperatively required, and his an
"My lord, I can neither partake of
tea nor coffee, nor any other refection
until I havo first tendered my humblest
apologies to tho interesting young lady
whom I now seo dispensing tho choco
late and on whoso sanitary ablutions
this morning as she stood iu her shower
bath I was so unfortunate as unwitting
ly to intrude. "
Anetont I'se of the Mare.
The ancient use of the maeo intro
duces us to a remarkable instance of
ecclesiastical casuistry. Tho clergy was
forbidden to shed blood, and as thus the
sword was inhibited this might have
been thought sufficient to keep them
from the battlefield. But not so; they
adopted the mace. Though they could
not cut a man's throat, yet might they
break his head. fck Bishop Otho, half
brother of William, fought alongside of
the conqueror at the bitter battle cf
Hastings with great effect, tho brothers
being, as you may say. "a pair of nut
crackers." Notes and Queries.
VOWELS AND CONSONANTS.
THE MAGNETIC GIRL.
Look Into the Way
Formed and Csed.
A. Mellville Bell of Washington, in
his note on "Syllabic Consonants," read
at the second session of tbe American
Oriental society in this city, said:
"What is is a vowel.- What is a con
sonant? What is a syllable?
"A vowel is defined as a Donfriction-
al emission of tbe voice or of unvocal
ized breath through an oral channel,
with momentarily fixed configuration.
Vowels therefore run smoothly into ona
another by merely altering the shape of
the oral passage without interrupting it.
"A consonant is defined as an inter
ception of the breath or voice by oral
stoppage, or by emission through side
channels or through narrow chinks.
Tbe change from one consonant to an
other thus involves a motion of the ar
ticulating organs, producing, with more
or less audibility, a puff, a flap or a 6ib-
"The two classes of elements meet in
ee, y, oo, w. A syllable is any vocal
element uttered with a single impulse
of voice. All the vocal elements in a
svllablo must be clustered together with'
out admixture with uonvocals, but any
number of nonvocals may precede or
follow the vocal cluster without affect
ing tho syllabic unity.
"The consonants 1, m, n, when they
are final after consonants, frequently
form syllables without vowels, as in
"Iho test or good pronunciation is
to give each syllable its own distinct
sound, so that in the most rapid utter
ance the ear can trace the boundaries
of every syllable. But the syllable
sounds must be true to customary pro
"The name consonant, if held to im
ply an element that cannot b e pro
nounced without a sonant or vowel.
would be a misnomer, and its nse
should in that case be discontinued in
scientific meiiology. Vowels are tbe
soft and plastic substance of speech.
Consonants are the articulations or
joints on which vowels and syllables
tnm. Their propi-r name is, tbercforo,
'articulations, ' not consonants. '
"Phonetic elements make syllables.
Syllables make words. Words aro to be
considered as tho svllables of clauses.
Clauses must be carefully individnaliz
ed.for they are tho syllables of sentences.
Divifle your sentences into their logical
units or clauses, and indicate within
tho clauses all their phonetic units or
syllables, and yon will fulfill the grand
fundamental precepts of delivery."
A a trplanstt t of How Her Tricks May
Easily Be Duplicated.
While in Chicago I saw the announce-
ment of an electric girl who included
in her repertory a new trick, or at least
one that I had not yet seen. A stick
about four feet long and as thick as a
broomstick was produced, and I and an
other gentleman were requested to hold
it in a vertical position before us while
grasping it firmly in both bands. The
girl, standing in front of and facing us,
placed tbe palm of her open hand against
the lower portion of the stick, resting
it on the side nearest to us and farthest
from herself. After rubbing her hand
up and down for a few moments in or
der "to make better electric contact, "
as we were informed, and after enjoin
ing ns to hold the stick perfectly verti
cal, we were told to press down on it as
hard as we could.
This we did until the veins seemed
to stand out on our foreheads; but, ex
ert our: wives as hard as we could, wo,
two strong men, were unable to press
down bard enough to make the stick
6lip past the open palm of her hand.
Had the girl grasped the stick with her
two hands, I am sure she could not havo
withstood my downward pressure alone.
I would have borne her, stick and all,
to tho floor. But there she stood, with
but one open hand bearing against tho
side of the stick, and both us could not
by our united efforts force the stick past
that wonderful hand. Surely there
seemed something uncanny about this.
But it is very simply explained.
Tho whole secret consists in insisting
npou the men holding tho stick in a
vertical position. When the girl's open
hand is first placed against the lower
portion of the stick, she moves it two
or three times up and down, pulling
gradually more and more against it. As
this tends to pull the stick away from
tho vertical, she insists that tbe men
keep it straight. Thus cautioned, they
will exert more and more effort until.
when she feels that tho pressure against
her hand is sufficient, she instructs them
to push down with all their might.
They do so and imagine that they are
exerting a tremendous vertical thrnst,
whereas, their vertical effort is actually
very slight; insufficient even to over
come tho friction of tho stick against
her moist hand. The men are really ex
erting a tremendons effort, but aro de
ceived as to its direction. With their
hands tightly grasping the upper end of
the stick thoy aro really trying to force
tho other end of the stick against tho
palm of her hand. N. W. Perry in
KIPLING'S KIND ACT.
WHY WOMEN MAKE POOR DETECTIVES
A Story About the Famous Author That
Is Not t npleasant.
It has become tho fashion of literary
paragraphers to print whatever stories
of a disagree blu nature concerning Rnd-
yard Kipling they can hear or find. In
cidents showing the other side of the
man tho true side, in fact are rare,
but that this wonderful author is not
quite tho literary barbarian which ho is
so generally made out to be finds but
stronge-r evidence in a little story tthich
heard quite recently.
lot long ago an ambitious young
writer composed his first story. Ho was
rather skeptical of its merit, and being
a great reader and admirer of Kipling's
work determined to send his literary
firstborn to Kipling for criticism. His
friends tried to dissuade him from the
Mea, telling him that he would never
see his story again. But his faith in his
favorite author was strong, and the
story went to Kipling. A wee-k passed
by, and finally nearly a month had
elapsed. Tho young writer suffered keen
ly from tho ridicule of his friends in the
meantime, and, truth to tell, his faith
began to waver. During tbe fifth week.
however, a letter came postmarked
Brattleboro, t., and tbe young
writer opened it with feverish haste.
Thero was his manuscript, true
enough, but scarcely could ho recognize
Kipling had evidently put days of
work upon it, making corrections, sug
gestions and interlineations until the
story contained more of Kipling than of
its original author. With tho manu
script came a letter, in which Kipling
aid that ho was not "in tho habit of
doing this sort of thing, because it took
so much time." But in this case he saw
a gfxxl chance to make $5 for a particu-
ir fresh air fund iu which ho was in-
erested, and if Mr. thought tho
work lib had put on this manuscript was
worth that sum ho would bo glad to ro-
ceive it lor his lund anil would send a
The Jf3 was sent. Philadelphia
A Secret Service Mail Says the Oppokit
Sex Jlako Itatl Spies.
"Women are not good detectives, '
said an experienced secret service man
on leiiig asked his opinion. "To begin
with, there are many places to which
woman cannot go without exciting sus
picion, and this defeats her object at
tho outset, but beyond this woman
unfitted by nature for detectivo work.
"In tho first place, sho jumps at a con
elusion and acts on it in opposition to
all human probabilities, possibilities
and reason. As a rule, a woman doe?
not reason. She looks on a thing as she
wants it to be or thinks it ought to be,
and will follow that theory. She is led
by prejudices, favors or .sympathies, re
gardless of facts.
"As a detective she is sometimes
success in entrapping a man, but her
work generally ends in a blunder whie-h
botrays her. She is persevering only
when moved by passion. She does not
look at a case dispassionately. She at
once decides that he or she is guilty or
innocent and works on that the-ory.
"A woman enjoys the mysterious, and
sho is so elated at her position tfs detect
ivo that she is unable to conceal her
identity or tho secret investigations of
"Women are eveu failures in running
down criminals of their own sex. A
woman criminal will mislead a woman
detective by working on her vanity.
credulity or sympathy, and, worst
all, if the detective bo attractive and
the man criminal handsome well,
man is better for detective work, and
besides a woman will sell out a case,
autl cheaply at that, relying upon her
sex to escape punishment if detected. "
New York Herald.
An Apt Anwer.
Rubinstein once declared to some one
No J)oobt About It,
Do you play by note?" inquired one
of tho summer residents of Blueville eif
the violinist of the "Berry Corners' or-
hestra, " which had Iktii discoursing
ear piercing strains at a lawn party.
Nivver a note do Oi play by, sorr, '
replied Mr. Flaherty, mopping his heat
ed brow with a handkerchief of sangui
Ah, ty ear, then." said the sum
mer resident, with a smile oi gracious
Niweranear hilps me, yer honor,"
responded Mr. Flahertv, returning his
handkerchief to his capacious pocket.
"Indeed! May I ask how vou what
you do play by, then?" persisted the in
"By main strin'th, be jabbers," said
Mr. Flaherty, with a weary air, as he
plunged his ancient instrument into its
green bag. An it s moighty dry wurrk,
an that's thruth, sorr." Youth's Com
panion. A Rrsl Saving.
The Lady Shopper What? Pay 5
for a lamp like that? It's outrageous,
and I won't pay it.
The Astute Salesman You forget.
that he was descended fremi one of the . madam, that the price has been reduced
crusa Jers who accompanied Richard , f
Cerur de Lioi to Palestine. "On tho I The Lady Shopper (reaching for her
piano presumably, " was the smiliug re- I purse Oh, very well then. I'll take
spouse. San Francisco Argonaut. jit. CLicago Record.
A medical jerarnal urges, sensibly
enough, that in the present extravagant
expenditure in bouse building a littlo
money shemld be laid out in arranging
for a sickroom, built on the sunny side
and equipped with at least tho simple
means for isolation and caro of a sick
person, tentilatieju should be well con
sidered. The walls may be of washablo
material paint tile-s or covered with
waterproof bath paper. Tho plumbing
should be out of but convenient to it.
A littlo of the time and money inve-sted
in libraries, ballrooms and oriental par
lors spent on an apartment whose use in
an e-mi-rgcncy not unusual te frail hu
manity may insure tho comfort and
safety to the family that is necessary to
the enjeymeut of tho more luxurious
English Women's Shoes.
English women are teaching Ameri
can women some important facts about
footgear. We know todav that a touca
of patent leather removes the shoe from
street use, except in caso of walking to
and from afternoon teas and luncheons.
That only seal or calf skin suits the pare
ments; that low shoes are to be reserved
for summer wear; that spats are not
good form, except for men, and that
laced shoe's are the smart thing for the
Health and Morality.
He who recklessly injures his health
docs not prove bis unselfishness he
simply curtails his powers of doing
. ,1 .1 I L i. : . . l .
is'X-"l. AiJU MU'JlUJUir 1115 t IIiilBt.Kl
by welcoming evil influences is there-by
inflicting a still greater evil upon the
What You Want
To supply this important want and to sup
ply it quickly, THE ARGUS offers the
best advantages conceivable in its special
department created and conducted with
this purpose in view.
Those who have patronized THE AR
GUS want column will testify to the fact
IT IS UNFAILING IN
and is bound to supply the want which is
made known through it.
TRY FOR YOURSELF AND BE CONVINCED.