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how to make an ideal christmas
on the far;.:.
C011II7 Gllli Xot XrrriMrr Fop J07
on Daj-Htrnlrii Rrrrlr ta t"el
rhrnte tbe Most Tender of Holl-dart-The
T ' IIIHSTMAS is
- - am me resuvai 01
all others must
fied with tbe
home. The glo
Btlrs our patriot
brings the glad
ness of opening
spring and out
tide, coining, as It does, in the winter
season. Invites to indoor cheer and
cozy hospitalities. Besides, it is pre
eminently the children's celebvatlon
and their glad vacation from the rou
tine of school. They say, with our
l't to almost crjr fer Christmas, like youngster
Fourth o July's nothin to it. Xew Tear's ain't
Eaater Sunday and circus day jes' all dead in tba
It Is also the tenderest, holiest holi
day because of the religious observance
of ttrt birth of Him who brought us
the uew teaching of peace and good
will to all men.
If the farm is tbe Ideal home, then
we should endeavor to observe this
borne festival In tbe Ideal manner. Our
great farmhouses must not be cheerless
barracks. They must become the cen
ters of old fashioned merriment, visit
ing, feasting and hospitality. Tbey
must cIIdr closely to the ancient tradi
tions of the day and follow tbe same
spirit of geniality, of present giving,
minstrelsy, harmless revelry, and.
above all. of kindly benevolence and
thought of others.
An Ideal Christmas requires thought
long beforehand unless the purse Is
unlimited. Costly gifts are not neces
sary for a joyous day, but loving kind
ness must Illuminate each little remem
brance, or the candles on tbe tree will
be but dim tapers. The glad day
comes. The usual church or Sabbath
school celebration has been enjoyed
the evening before by all the children,
but ft Is in the home festivities we are
Interested. For an ideal day we shall
have tbe wee ones trooping down In
tbe early morning, waking every one
with their "Merry Christmas!" to see
what Santa has put in their stock
ings. A mouth harp, a jackknife or a
dolL some joke and a bit of candy they
find and scamper back to bed nappy as
need be After breakfast tbe good
cheer of the morning la In tbe arrival
of the married children jgrotherreU-
uves ana mends with the greetiugr
and joy of reunion. Now the gifts ar,i
interchanged. Perhaps a real Christ
mas tree, with its queer fruit from all
lands and Its gaudy trappings, glad
dens the heart of all. but the chief glo
ry of the day is the famiiy dinner
When the gray haired father sees round hia board
The old. broken linka of affection restored;
When the care wearied man seeks hia mother once
And the worn matron a miles where the girl amiled
What moistens the Hp and what brightens the eye.
What calls back the paat. like tbe rich pumpkin j
Preceded by the typical feast of the
day. from yearling gobbler to plum
pudding, none can resist the influence.
With hearts mellowed and appetites
appeased the whole company is reudy
for the laughter and fun to follow. The
"help" are all asked to Join, one's
neighbors drop in, aud there is soon a
round of games and gayeties entered
into by old and young. "Blind man's
bnff." "hot cockles." "bob apple."
"hunt the slipper," follow each other,
and the evening closes with tbe old
fashioned Virginia reel and Tucker, or
there may be charades and tableaux,
with some recitations by the children,
or the young people and children may
black upand give tbeirelders a minstrel
show, sing "Suwanee Biver," "Down
the Ohio," "Honey. You's My Lady
Love," recite Biley's "Mighty Lone
Eome Waltin When the Folks Is Gone"
or "Little John's Christmas." one of
Uncle Bemus stories of bis "Hard
Boad to Trabble." A single person may
give an evening's deligbt for the whole
party In reading aloud "Bird's Christ
mas Carol" by Miss Wiggin. After all
is over the young people, disguised as
wandering troubadours, may serenade
their neighbors with Christmas carols.
Who would run away from life on the
farm because of Its dreariness If tbe
homes were thus made attractive?
A Beldam Christmas Leg-end.
The children of Belgium have a
charming Christmas legend about San
ta Clans pony. They always place
their woolen sabots on the window
ledge, stuffed full of oats, hay and
fodder for the "dear Christmas pony."
In the early morning tbey run on tip
toe to look, and, behold, the hay is all
gone, and the shoes are brimming over
with toys and sweatmeats! Then tbe
children clap their hands with glee
and wish tbey could only Lave waked
In time to see the pony munching bis
ats. That would have been such fan!
Ella F. Mosby in 8t. Nicholas.
A Teat That CanaraL.
Tbe following extraordinary coinci
dence occurred at trtnwald recently: A
young preacher, who has lately mar
ried, was planned to take the morning
service, but. "Lfy a misreading of the
plan, be mistook his appointment for
an evening one. Consequently tbe con
gregation gathered on tbe Sunday
morning wajtediajrain J!pr tUiaPDcar-
The Worlds Greatest Tonic.
ancer. Thereupon one of tbe office' bear
ers of the church present undertook
the service. Totally unaware that the
absent preacher had recently married,
he electrified and amused his audience
by announcing as his text. "He has
married a wife, and therefore he can
not come." New Zealand Herald.
A Tiger'a Hlle.
I have more than once heard of a
man defending himself from the on
slaught of a lion or tijrer by thrusting
his rifle barrels down its throat in the
last resort. Foor Major Sandbach of
the artillery came to ids death in So
mallland a few years ago in attempting
to thus hold off a lioness, which never
theless managed to inflict on his hand
and arm bites which proved fatal. A
curious story of the same kind comes
from the Kuaudwa district qf northern
Mr. Bayley, also an artillery officer,
was charged by a wounded tiger which
he was following up. He missed it
with his first barrel, and the second
failed to go off. The tiger sprang, and
Mr. Bayley jumped to one side, thrust
ing out his rifle to keep the brute off.
Tbe tiger, it Is stated, seized the bar
rels and drove his teeth through them
and. being unable to withdraw them,
was shot by Captain Harrison, Mr.
In his death struggle the tiger drag
ged the rifle from the owner's hands,
and the Jar caused by the stock strik
ing the ground broke off two teeth
which were imbedded In the steel. This
story is said to be absolutely true; but,
with the profoundest respect for the
strength of tho tiger's jaws and teeth,
I venture to think it wants explana
tion. London Sketch.
Wanes af a Oateh Village.
The vlllcje women of Holland take
special care to keep the tips of their
white lace hoods stiff with starch,
which Is as necessary a perfection In
their toilet as polished linen and spot
less collars with ours. This delicate
hood Is worn over a black skullcap
that fits the closely clipped head very
much like tbe headgear of a nun. The
elderly women, widows, often wear a
straw bonnet over it. A jacket of dark
blue, with a breastpiece of cream cloth
and dark blue border of tbe same cloth
at the hips, constitutes tbe dress of
tbe women and the girls.
The skirts protrude at tbe hips In a
grotesque fashion on account of the
many flannels which they wind about
tbe body, evidently a fad with tbem
as with many peasants of the Black
forest, where tbe custom prevails to
wear as many skirts as the spare box
will allow, adding at least one skirt
every year. Tbey all dress alike, and
tbe talk about dress therefore does not
lip into their conversations, and on
that score they are at eternal peace
with one another, for no change of
dress bas occurred among tbem for
centuries and will not for years to
come, Donahoe'a, ,.n
Wholesale Distributors, 1726 Third Avenue, Rock Island, III.
THE MOHAVE INDIANS
THEY ARE THE MOST SUPERSTITIOUS
OF ALU OUR RED MEN.
After Death Their Spirits, They Say,
Arc Carried to Heaven In the Smoke
From Tbelr Burning- Bodies Those
Kot Burned Tnrn to Owls.
J. K. Meekinson. formerly a govern
ment special agent, says that the Mo
haves are the most superstitious tribe j
of North American Indians. j
"The Mohaves," said he, "believe in
a god Mat-o-we-lla. He is the maker
of all tilings. He has a son. whom they
call Mas-zam-ho, who is king of the de
parted spirits. Mat-o-we-lla, they say,
conducts the movements of the suu,
moon and stars. He sends the rain
and the sunshine and decides whether
the season shall bring feast or famine.
He guards the hunting ground. Mas-zam-ho
has full charge of affairs in
heaven, or White Mountain, as they
call it. j
"They believe that the spirit dead go
np to White Mountain In smoke and
that all the personal property destroy
ed In the flames with the deceased will
go with him. There pots are constant
ly boiling, filled with the choicest
things to eat. They invariably cremate
their dead that Mas-zam-ho may be J
appeased, and the funeral pyre is made j
ready for the corpse as soon as life is
extinct, in order that the spirit journey
to White Mountain may be accelerated. '
"I witnessed about 12 months ago tho (
cremation of an influential subchief,
whose death was deeply mourned. Tho
funeral pyre was made near the tem
porary village, just off the reservation
at Fort Mohave. Shortly after night
fall all the inhabitants of the village
gathered about the pyre. The body,
wrapped In a gorgeous Mohave blanket,
with the fringes artistically worked in
beads, was carried on tbe shoulders of
four braves from the lodge to the plat
form of inflammable firewood. I
"Following the pallbearers came the
women and children and near rela-
tives. Tbe family group crouched near
the pyre. The chief of the medicine
men offered first words of praise and
thanks to Mat-o-we-lia for making tbe
elements favorable to an easy passage
and then a supplication to Mas-zam-ho
to receive the spirit of the departed
chieftain with due honors at White
"Then the dead body was placed on
the pyre, the fire was lighted, the crac
kling flames swept fiercely up about
the corpse, and the spirit was on its
way to Its eternal home on White
Mountain. Friends and relatives chant
ed songs of lamentation and moaned
piteoutily while the flames devoured
tbe body. At sbort intervals tbe four
pallbearers st upon the flames per
sonal property of the deceased In the
expectation of its going up in smoke
with him to White Mountain, thereby
artinng to ins couirorr.
"The mourners also contributed some
of their choicest personal belongings,
so that in his uew and eternal home
the absent one misht have about him
remembrances of their affection. To
the women of the immediate family
was granted the privilege of contribut- ,
ing portions of their hair to the flames. !
After the incineration was complete I
Mohave etiquette forbade the friends
and relatives to eat salt or wash them
selves for four da3-s. 1
"Itjs a belief firmly fixed in the Mo
have mind that all Mohaves who die
and are not cremated turn into owls.
When an owl is heard hooting at night
near their village, they think it is the
spirit of some dead Mohave returned.
If by cbauce an owl falls into their
hands, the bird is properly cremated,
in the belief that the wandering spirit
of its Mohave occupant will thereby bo
quieted and thus enabled to approach
Mas-zam-ho, confident that its petition '
to be allowed to enter the promised
land and thereafter rest in peace
among the other good Indians of White
Mountain cannot be refused.
"Until very recently the Mohaves
held yearly a mourning festival. It
was the annual burning of personal
property in honor of the departed mem- .
bers of the tribe. At the hour deemed .
most propitious by the medicine men
to both Mat-o-we-lia and to Mas-zam-
ho the Mohaves assembled in an open
spot near their village, a high knoll
usually being selected. The pyre had
been prepared as though for the crema
tion of the dead. When the fire was
hottest, each member of the tribe con
tributed to the flames some bit of per
sonal property held in choice esteem.
"As the thick smoke floated sky
ward the mourning Indians were con
soled for tbe loss of objects of personal
adornment, apparel or of bunting Im
plements by their firm belief that the
curling smoke rings were wafted
straight to Mas-zam-ho. king of tbe de
parted spirits, and that their loved
ones on White Mountain were soon In
possession of these proofs of tbelr last
ing love and remembrance.
"Under the influence of their agents
the Mohaves have abandoned the an
nual sacrifice to tbe dead, and. except
at Needles, off tbe reservation. It Is
not now observed." Washington Let
ter In New York Sun.
In the earlier ages dancing was ad
vocated as a cure for sickness. Lycur
gus brought back from India and
Egypt to Lacedaeroonia notions of medico-religious
dances and enacted that
the Spartan youth should be brought
up gracefully and symmetrically. In
Greece Socrates commended dancing
with a view to educating the mind and
body, for be looked on it as a health
Somebody remarks that tbey wbo
sneer at golf know nothin;. about It.
But it may also "be 'said thafinany wno
know nothing about tbe game are most
enthusiastic in its praise. Boston
' THE PAGE'S DIFFICULTY?""
lie Told His Troubles nisrht Oat at
A good story comes from Atlanta,
but the incident happened several sea
sons ago. The occasion was a swell
church wedding. The edifice had been
gloriously decorated. The bride, sur
rounded by a company of pages, flow
er girls and maids of honor, was slow
ly passing down the aisle, while the
prospective bridegroom aud his best
man and the officiating clergyman
were taking their places. The church
organ was pealing forth the sounds as
of joyous wedding bells. Fashionable
people dressed for the occasion occu
pied the seats of the handsome church.
It 60 happened that one of the pages
had In the rush of business prepara
tory to dressing for the occasion been
turned over to the care of a nurse. As
lie proceeded down the main aisle of
the church in company with the other
youngsters, who in white satin suits
were doing the honors of each respec
tive household, he suddenly espied his
mother seated In one of the pews.
At this point the organist began
playing softly as the wedding party
passed to the altar. Then, above the
gentle strains of music clear as a bird
could be heard the voice of tbe afore
said small boy.
"Mamma," he shrilly cried, "nurse
put on my panties wrong side before,
and I can't hardly walk!"
Of course the horrified mamma could
do nothing but blush scarlet, but lifted
a prayer that the young scion would
keep still from that time on. And be
did and received a hearty kiss from
the bride at the close" of the ceremony.
This is a true story and can be vouch
ed for by those who attended the wed
ding. Galesburg (Ga.) Mail.
You are to write a capital D on a
sheet of paper while standing at a table.
At the same time yon must try to make
your right foot swing in the opposite
direction from that which the pencil is
following on tbe paper. It sounds easy.
Try it in every way you can think of.
First get your foot going toward the left
in an easy swing and then start your let
ter and see what will happen. Then try.
beginning the letter first and going in
presently with tbe proper circle in tbe
opposite direction. If you do not laogb at
the result, you will probably be profane
&n Francisco Evening Post.
In choosing a turkey tbe age of the
bird is tbe principal thing to be attend
ed to. A young gobbler is beet. He may
be distinguished from a ben turkey by
his comb. Tbe age may be ascertained
by tbe lower part of tbe breastbone. If
soft and pliable, the turkey is young. If
stiff, it is old sad not good for roasting.
It cao only be used for boiling and braiav
iag. Turkeys weighing from eight to
ten pounds each are thought best.
Examples That Were l aeil In Knj-pt
3,000 Yeara Atto.
Trobably the oldest copy book for
home lessons In arithmetic was recent
ly unearthed in Egypt. The yupyrus,
which was found in excellent condi
tion, dates from the period about 1700
B. C that is, about 100 years beforo
the time of Moses, or almost :,UOO
years ago. It proves that the Egyp
tians had a thorough knowledge of
elementary mathematics almost to tho
extent of our own. Tho papyrus ha
a long heading, "Direction how to at
tain the knowledge of all dark things,"
etc. Numerous examples show that
their principal operations with outlro
uriiis aud fractions were made by
means of addition and multiplication.
Subtractions and divisions were not
kuowu in their present form, but cor
rect results were obtained nevertheless.
Equations are also found in the pa
pyrus. Among the examples given ia
this one: Ten meusures of barley aro
to be divided among ten persons in
such a manner that each subsequent
person receives one-eighth of a meas
ure less than the one lefore him. An
other example given is: There arc sev
en men, each one has seven cats, each
cat has eaten seven mice, each mouso
has eaten seven grains of barley, each
grain of barley would. If cultivated,
have yielded seven measures of barley.
How much barley has been lost In that
The papyrus also contains calcula
tions of area, the calculation of tho
area of a circle and Its transformation"
Into a square, and finally calculation;
of the cubic measurements of pyra
mids. Philadelphia Becord.
The Fate of Admiral Bynar.
Admiral John Byng was the fourth
son of the Earl of Torrlngton ond serv
ed in the British navy, rUIng to bo
admiral of tbe red in 1743, when ho
was 44 years old. In 1756 he was sent
.with a badly equipped fleet to relievo
Minorca, threatened by tho French.
He reached Minorca after the French
bad got there. His secoud In com
mand. Bear Admiral West, drove them
back, while Byng kept bis ships out of
action. In a day or two he sailed to
Gibraltar, leaving Minorca to Its fate.
He was tried for treachery and cow
ardice, but acquitted. The court mar
tial convicted him of not having doue
his best to relieve tbe island, and un
der tbe application of article 12 of tho
British naval code of those days he
was condemned to be shot. The min
isters took him as a scapegoat, and ho
was shot on the quarter deck of his
own flagship, the Monarquc, in Ports
mouth harbor on March 14, 1707.
People who' suffer from heat in too
hands and feet can obtain speedy aud
easy relief from the same by putting
inside tbelr stockings and gloves a
small portion of very fine oatmeal.