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THE ABBVS, SUNDAY, DECEMBEK 17, 1899,
PERILS THAT BESET THE MAKING OF
Method Ced la the Mnnnfaetare of
This Dugcroua Explosive The
Care That Hat to Be Exercised la
Nitroglycerin and ltd peculiarities
.re little known, even in localities
..whpro it 1m mnl I'ennlo irenerfillv
give it a wide berth, and eren a less
number know Low it is manufactured.
Probably in no place in the United
States is there such a great amount of
the explosive used as in the Indiana
oilfields. Indiana lias four nitroglycerin
factories, and they are seldom visited
by curious people.
.' The explosive is made from a compo
sition of acids and glycerin. It is gener
ally pale yellow in color, and quite col
orless when pure. It is odorless, and
has a sweet, pungent, aromatic flavor.
If touched by one's tongue, or even
brought into contact with the skin, it
will produce a severe headache. A
large tank, called an agitator, is wLen;
the fluid is mixed, and the mixture is
composed of equal parts of nitric and
sulphuric acids. Inside the tank are
several paddles, like those of a churn,
and it is here that the real danger in
the manufacture exists. The puddles
are put In operation and a steady
stream of sweet glycerin is turned into
a vat until 250 pounds are thoroughly
mixed with the 1,500 pounds of acid.
The chemicals coming In contact pro
duce an Intense heat, and In order to
obviate the danger cold water is run
through pipes encircling and running
through the vat. At 85 degrees F. a
red vapor, almost like fire, arises. If
cutting off the supply of glycerin in the
agitator does not lower the temper
ature, it is time to say farewell. Before
OO degrees are reached nothing but
atoms of the structure and its contents
' In its manufacture water is used to
flood the workroom, since a drop fall
ing on the floor might lead to an explo
sion. Knt fi nn II l tn t found In flip
floor of the factory, ami the visitor Is
cautioned not to drag his feet. Those
who make the dangerous fluid say that
a Jar will not cause an explosion; that
friction and fire are the only agencies
by which It can be discharged. One
may pour a barrel of nitroglycerin
from a high building to a cement walk
below and it will not explode, but a
small quantity of It dropped from the
same height in a can will blow the
building down. A sharp concussion In
stantly touches It- off. Factories be
come useless after a few years opera
tion and have to be destroyed. The
timber becomes saturated with nitro
glycerin and an explosion is Imminent
at any time.
The average production of nitroglyc
erin from l.ftOO pounds of ncid and
pounds, of glycerl.n Js about. 150. quarts.
ALL FBOORPS BROKEN,
That we have achieved a distinction enjoyed by no other furniture house in this section is evidenced by the awarding to us
of many contracts that for size are seldom given outside the big cities. We are recognized by those who have investigated
as possessing the facilities for giving enormous values in style, beauty and satisfaction. Our great stores are crowded with
displays of every conceivable article of furniture that will make pretty holiday presents at prices that speak for themselves.
Rugs of all Kinds, Sizes and Prices
Pretty, Odd Parlor Pieces
Tables, all sizes,
Over 100 styles,
SECOND AVE. and
( About 1C0 quarts constitute an average
shot for an Indiana oil welL While
i magazine explosions are not rare, the
real cause of the blowing up never be
i comes known. Those who are close
enough to see the cause always go up
with the building. The average time
i for a shooter or nitroglycerin maker .to
! remain' in the business does not exceed
five years. Death is Instant, and no
one has ever recovered from a nitro
glycerin accident. Bodies are torn to
atoms no larger than bits of sausage.
The wages of employees of the fac
tories range from $125 to $150 a month.
Colonel William A. Myers of Bolivar,
X. Y., was the man who made and ex
ploded the first pound of nitroglycerin
in an oil welL He built the first fac
tory In the United States near Titus
ville. Pa., In 18CS. Up to that time
powder had been used to torpedo oil
wells. It was then that an explosive
that could be discharged under water
was found In nitroglycerin. Colonel
Myers' father was a Philadelphia
chemist-and taught his son bow to
The first well torpedoed was on Colo
nel Mills' lease, near TItusvllie, and the
charge consisted of only two pounds.
Oil was worth $9 a barrel then, and a
torpedo that would double the produc
tion of a well was worth almost what
the maker chose to ask for It. Colonel
Myers built 12 different factories in
different parts of the oil regions from
1SC8 to 1SS5, when he retired from the
business. Ouly one of the original fac
tories stands intact today. Myers made
several fortunes and spent his money
like a prince, but. fortunately for him,
he still has a snug sum laid by.
Well shooters spin great yarns of
their experiences, and the stories are
of the hair raising order. Well shoot
ers generally are fatalists to a consid
erable degree In their belief, and It Is
probably one reason why they do not
fear the fluid. They state that when
one would think it was the most dan
gerous the explosive Is the safest.
The smallest drop can be placed on an
anvil and struck by the heaviest
sledge hammer, and the hammer will
bound back over the shoulder of the
striker, no matter how much he may
try to hold It. Some claim that it will
tear the arm off, but this is exaggera
tion. Transporting the explosive from
a magazine to a well is not as danger
bus as timid people think, according to
the shooters. It is transiorted in
square cans such as are used for var
nish. In preparing for shooting a well,
a long tin shell is suspended in the tub
ing, and the shooter pours the fluid
iu as If It was water. It Is not uu
usil for 200 quarts to be in a well
shooter's wagon on one trip. A slight
leak In a can may be touched off by
friction and explode the entire load.
If it should explode in the center of a
town, every building would be reduced
instantly to debris. Indianapolis Jour
nal. The word Asia Is derived from the
Sanskrit Ushas. meaning the land of
the morning dawn.
$1 25 $00
from 1. to t)t).
NOT ON THE TIME TABLE.
The Curiona Beasoa For Which, a.
Trala Wu Side Tracked.
In the rarefied atmosphere of the
high tablelands of Mexico objects that
are really a long way off appear to be
close at hand. This has led to many
ludicrous mistakes on the part of tour
ists, and even on the part of those hav
ing a knowledge of the peculiarity of
The Mexican Central railroad has a
tangent (section of track In which
there is no curve) that is said to be the
longest In the world. It is over CO
miles in length, and a locomotive head
light can be seen, of course, for a very
One evening a train rounded the
curve approaching this tangent, and
as It entered on the straight track its
brakes suddenly began to grind. It
soon came to a standstill, and the con
ductor, fearing that an accident had
befallen the engine, hurried forward,
and was shown by the engineer a light
that was twinkling and dancing on the
track directly ahead.
"A headlight, sure," the' engineer
said. "Must be an extra and the dis
patchers have overlooked it, for orders
do not mention it."
"Guess you are right," the conductor
replied, "but I never knew the dis
patchers to be so careless before. Any
where but on this tangent there would
.have been a collision and somebody
killed. We'd better move ahead slowly
to the next side track. We can't tell just
how near that train may be, and we
will wait for It to pass us there."
They reached the 6ide track In safety,
and, drawing in on it, awaited the
coming of the other train. Half an
hour passed, and the engineer was
fuming, wondering how much longer
he was to be delayed, when the con
ductor called him to step out to the
"What do you think of that head
light, now?" he asked, when the engi
neer had joined him. "Seems to have
got clear up and off the road."
The engineer gazed at the twinkling
light, then. "Venus, by Jupiter!" he ex
claimed. "Billy, we've side tracked to
let a star go by, or my name's not
Smith!" Youth's Companion.
CLOTHES AND THE MAN.
The Difference Belna- Well Dressed
Hade to a Cabinet Official.
"Yes, the clothes a man wears make
a great deal of difference in this world,
especially In official life," remarked
the private secretary of a cabinet otli
cial, who is compelled to see many
people and to hold many more people
"I was especially struck with the
Importance of clothing some time ago,"
continued the official, "when the as
sistant secretary was absent and it
was my duty to stave all the callers
off the secretary. I do that often, but
when the assistant secretaries are here
they help a great deal.
"Well,. I noticed on the occasion I
Handsome Tables of Every Kind. Just Received
rererrea to-tEat'T had "no trouble In
keeping people away when I wore my
Prince Albert and looked like the real
thing. When I told them that the sec
retary was too busy to see callers, they
thought I owned the whole-place and
walked away without remonstrance or
without saying that their business was
very important and they were sure
they would be seen If I would just take
their names to the secretary.
"When I wore an average looking
business suit, which might look just a
little bit shabby, the callers didn't pay
much attention to what I said. It was
more difficult than you can imagine to
get them to go away. They would find
all kinds of excuses to remain and to
get me to present their names to the
secretary. The difference was so ap
preciable as to be noticed by others in
the room. I found that it paid me to go
well dressed on all occasions and that
I was much more useful to my execu
tive head." Washington Star.
Coined words! I have made a little
study of them myself, always with
disappointing results. I always run
across them, after discovering them,
somewhere about 100 years before the
birth of the iaventor. I ouce coined a
name, away back in 1S7(j, for one of
my so called humorous characters
Bilderback. I -pot the Bilderback fam
ily in jocus print for several years.
One night, about 1SS7. 1 lectured in Sa
lem, N. J., and told one of my Bilder
back stories. The audience was con
vulsed with more mirth than the story
called for. After the lecture 1 was in
troduced to about a dozen Bilderbacks,
who enjoyed my story more than any
one else. Robert J. Burdette In Chau
- '"'Blaine aid Thiraaa.
The senate has always been con
trolled by lawyers, who are the aristo
cratic class in the United States, and
Blaine was at a disadvantage because
he did not belong to the profession.
The law lords were disposed to dis
parage and flout him, but he was dis
respectful to the verge of irreverence.
"Does the senator from Maine think
I am an Idiot?" roared Thurruan, In
reply to an Interrogatory Blaine put
to him one day in the Pacific railroad
"Well," bellowed Blaine, "that de
pends entirely on the answer you make
to my question!" Saturday Evening
The idea that a strict fidelity to
truth demands accuracy is one which
la seldom entertained, but until we re
ceive it as a principle and embody it
In action we shall never attain a high
degree of truthfulness.
Ilobbs My landlady has both strong
and weak points.
Dobbs What are they?
Ilobbs Butter and coffee. Chicago
News. ' , .
Attractive Dining Room Furniture
a Large Line of Carpet Sized
SHELVED HIS INVENTION.
Aa Experience Which Taagat the
Mechanical Expert a Lesson.
Oue of the best mechanical engineers
in New Orleans told an Interesting
story apropos of the tribulations of in
ventors. "About three years ago," he
said, "I got up 'a little device that
greatly simplified the working of a
certain type of pump. I took out
patents xhat cost me in-the neighbor
hood of $300. Including attorney's fees,
and finally tmbmitted the thing to a
big manufacturing concern in the
north. The proprietors at once con
ceded the merit of the invention and
offered me $500 down and a royalty of
$125 on each one used. The cash pay
ment amounted to nothing, for it really
fell 6hort of covering my time and ex
penses, but the royalty was generous,
and I figured It out that it would yield
me an income of $3,000 or $4,000 for
several years perhaps longer, it de
pended on how soon something better
entered! the field.
"Accordingly. I accepted the proposi
tion and transferred all my right. Now,
how much do you thiuk I actually re
ceived? Not a penny! No, I haven't
been cheated; at least, all the accounts
have been perfectly straight. The
trouble is they never put the device on
the market. They simply stuck tho
patents and drawings in a pigeonhole
and there they remain to this day.
"Why did they do it. did you ask? To
save money. The public Is very well
suited with their pump as it stands,
and it is doubtful if they could get any
more for it with my improvement add
ed. Such a step would merely cut down
the net profit, so they prefer to let well
enough alone. It was necessary, of
course, to get my Invention safely
shelved, or It might have been taken
up by some enterprising rival, and the
only earthly reason for spending $500
on the thing was to put it out of the
way. It was rather rough on me, to
be sure, but the experience was valu
able, nud I won't get caught that way
again." New Orleans Times-Democrat.
GLASSES FOR THE EYES.
The Reason Ther Are Wora ly So
Many Persons Nowadays.
The question is often asked, particu
larly by those who can recall the cus
toms and experiences of 25 years ago,
"Why do so many persons nowadays
wear glasses?" The answer is easy.
"The increase in the number of spec
tacles worn is not to be regarded as
an evidence of modern degeneration
of the eyes, but rather that a long felt
necessity has been met." For it should
be remembered that within the past
quarter of a century much has been
learned about the value of glasses, and
the range of their application and use
fulness has been enormously extended.
Of course the eyes need more help now
than formerly, as the amount of work
they are required to do is much greater
than at any previous period in the
world's history. The sewiug machine
Rockers... $1 25
Over 100 styles, from I.
andrmany 'other Inventions of Its" class
save the labor of the hands only to
add to that required of the eyes.
New employments, new amusements
and new fashions are continually be
ing Introduced to increase the exac
tions laid upon these sensitive and
delicate organs. The steady decrease
of illiteracy, together with the general
cheapness of literature and a spread
of a taste for It, the enormous circula
tion of novel, magazine and newspa
per, the ever increasing use of artificial
illumination, all combine to overtax
the eyes and to weaken or possibly de
stroy the sight unless the required aid
and protection be supplied through
every means at our disposal. Thus it
happens that the some time luxury of
properly adapted glasses has come to
be recognized and understood by very
many of the present generation as one
of the real necessities of their lives.
Enftllah Officers Wear Armor.
Many officers of the British army'
are wearers of armor. As a general
rule the mail is inclosed in a leather
casing, which is sewed inside the
tunic, so as to be Invisible unless the
garment is picked to pieces. And the
same with helmets a similar device is
fixed in the lining, so as to give addi
tional protection in case of neod. Some
officers are not above wearing mail
vests underneath their tunics and per
fectly oblivious of their comrades, who.
although they may scoff in times of
peace, would only be too glad to don
one themselves when In' the middle of
hostilities. The majority of the mak
er's customers are officers, because the
suits dYe very expensive, costing about
10 guineas each. Regiment.
A Carious Battle.
An interesting spectacle was wit
nessed the other day on the banks of
the river Soar, near Ilathcrn. by a gen
tleman resident in the district. Being
attracted by a peculiar cry, lie turned
aside and came upon a young otter and
a huge eel engaged in a deadly strug
gle. The otter had evidently caught
the eel, which had retaliated by wind
ing itself tightly round the former's
neck. The fight lasted several min
utes, the otter eventually freeing itself
and making off with a part of the eel,
which It had bitten in two. London
A Shock to Boston.
An English woman, a visitor, grieved
all Boston by irreverently asking a cit
izen, as she walked through the Com
mon and saw the cherished gilded
dome of the statehouse, "Beg pardon,
sir, but what building Is that with the
brass top?" New York Times.
"You haven't any smokeless tobac
co, have you?" asked the smart young
"Lots of it," said the matter of fact
person behind the counter, producing a
box of snuff. ''How much do you
Fine Book Cases and
Music Cabinets and innumerable articles that
are sure to
THE EAST WIND.
.NffvS "" coming;, coming, lika Ult hght
And apirading o'er the Ira. r
X know thn'ft ifomth far artrnj. tftnlrhL
But life and iov In m
ror you re me east wino.
East wind that I lore.
The east wind oi the sea.
X, nurtured on our sea girt coast.
Bound roof and rock and tree.
Drank in the food I loved the moat.
The east wind of the sea.
And midst the spray on ocean's breast.
While you whistled wild and tree,
I've kissed your cheek and sunk to rest,
O east wind ol the sea!
So, though I prar for those you harm
And wish it might not be,
Sweep in and bring the old, old charm
Oh, bring it bark to me I
For you're the east wind,
East wind that I lore,
vf The east wind of the aea.
. Boston Transcript.
Has Revolutionised nualness
Advertising is indeed one of the great
developments of the age. It has revo
lutionized business and made It possi
ble to accomplish in a few years what
otherwise would have taken genera
tions to compass. Today the advertis
er, through the medium of the public
press, can introduce his article to tho
entire public almost literally at a
bound. Such a servant at the seller's
elbow has naturally made business
vastly different from what It was sev
eral hundred years ago. I
It is no longer necessary, as it waa
5n previous generations, to confine
one's commercial transactions to a lim
ited area. Iu fact, the manufacturer
of today regards the world as his field,
and there are quite a number of proprietary-articles,
widely and favorably
known In every quarter of the civilized
world, which have been introduced dur
ing the lifetime of their present pro
prietors, who are men only in tho
prime of life.
Without advertising, by which It Is
possible to reach and influence hun
dreds of thousands of persons simulta
neously, such a result could not be ac
complished in several generations. If
Indeed it could be accomplished at all.
Nor has this advertising benefited the
seller only. It has brought to tho
knowledge of the buyer the hundreds
of improvements and articles by which
life can be made more pleasant, byj
which the health can be preserved, tho
palate gratified, the intellect fed and
It is no exaggeration to say that no
force has conduced more to knit the
world closely together nor made our.
mutual Interdependence more apparent.'
"It is but the simple truth to assert,'
says a recent writer, "that the loss of
the information which the advertise
ments furnish would be one of tho
greatest imaginable misfortunes to civj
illzation." Self Culture. 1
Prisoners In 'The penitentiary are
about the only ones that Iivo up to
their convictions. Kansas City Star.
n kft UA
SECOND AVE. and