Newspaper Page Text
VOL. Til. NO. Go.
HOCK ISLAND, ILL.., SATURDAY, JAXUAKY 4, 1J()2.
PAGES 9 TO 12.
Filipino Beginning to Learn
Frank SI. Klggins of the Philippine
civil service board, who has returned
to "Washington, speaks very Interest
ingly of the condition of the service In
the islands, sayg the New York Tost.
The merit system has been well es
tablished there, bat, of course, is sub
ject to the usual inequalities and crude
nesses of such enterprises In their ex
perimental stage. Both whites and na
tives have been admitted to public
employment through the competitive
examinations. The difference between
the races appears most plainly in the
character of work each is naturally
best fitted to do. The natives are
clever at tasks which are essentially
mechanical. Many of them are skilled
penmen, for Instance, and in drafts
manship they excel, but In matters
requiring sound discretion or technical
knowledge they are deficient. Their
.work of any sort in which precision is
of chief account has to be scrutinized
with especial care. A pretty good evl
dence of the stage of clerical efficiency
reached by the Filipinos is the record
of the examinations up to and includ
ing Mar 31 of the present year. Of
those natives who applied none passed
the stenographer's or typewriter's ex
amlnation, though there were five ap
plications for the former and fourteen
for the latter. In bookkeeping there
.were twenty-seven applicants, but
only one passed, and so on. In the ex
aminations corresponding to the basis
examinations in this country, prac
tically nothing more than the "three
It's, G2 per cent of the applicants
passed the lowest grade, CO per cent
the middle and less than IS per cent
All the natives take their examina
tions In Spanish, that language and
English being the only ones used
among the official class in the islands.
The native tongues alone are spoken
' by a large majority of the natives,
while the more intelligent and better
educated know Spanish as well. In
deed, the only classes of natives who
could be of any use in clerical places
understand Spanish, and most of these
are studying English also with great
industry. All official records and pro
..coedings. of. course. , are . In . English,
and our tongue is spreading over the
more thickly populated parts of the
islands with such rapidity that the
coming generation, if the Philippines
continue under control of the United
States, will have a good practical com
mand of it. Even the newsboys now
cry their papers in the streets of Ma
nila in English, and the natives gen
erally seem to delight in practicing
their linguistic accomplishments on
"any stranger wearing the appearance
of an "Americano." albeit all they have
learned to say may be "Good morn
ing" or "How do you do?" The fears
' entertained in many quarters awhile
ago that the language barrier would
prove an Irremediable menace to the
happy relations of the races seem
therefore to have been groundless.
The more ambitious natives, al
though taking their examinations in
Spanish and often making a pretty bad
fist of them, are willing to work hard
to get ahead and attend diligently
the night schools established to pre
pare candidates for government em
ploy. Thus far it has been Imprac
ticable to appoint even the best of
them to clerical positions of responsi
bility. The lower places, however,
which they are competent to fill, em
brace, including laborers, about four
fifths of the whole number. The pay
and privileges In the civil service at
large are graded according to the re
spective importance of the places.
This is what makes the natives ap
pear to suffer so by competition with
the whites; but the reason offered for
this discrimination Is that the white
clerk cannot live as the native does
and must pay more for everything.
Sometimes the difference seems harsh,
especially when the drop from the
white to the native salary is very sud
den. Not long ago, for Instance, sev
eral ex-soldiers of the United States
army were called upon to resign places
worth f GO a month to make room for
native employees at $12.50. To the
native this was a pretty large salary,
the figures under Spanish rule rang
ing from $0 upward. But they found
It hard to understand why they should
not have $00 a month like their white
predecessors. Moreover, the discharg
ed men could see no reason why they
should give up their places to natives
who could do the same work no better.
It was fruitless, perhaps. In their state
of mind, to try to make them appre
ciate the fact that the government's
" policy Is to use Filipinos In all the
civil branches for which they are com
petent. The principle which regulates the
difference In salaries holds good also
In the matter of vacations. Mr. Klg
gins Is of opinion' that. a white civil
servant who takes care of himself has
no necessary dlfflculty-ln living In the
Philippines. He must adapt himself
reasonably to his environment, and he
will then get along. But it Is neces
sary for him to go away from time to
time and refresh himself with a taste
of life In another climate. The an
neal leave for the higher grades of the
service is thirty-five days, and It Is
to Speak English Used by
cumuiarive, so that any clerk who feels
that this period will be too short for
jus full recuperation may save up liis
vacations for two or three years and
go to the United States for his recrea
tion. The favorite vacation countries
within easy reach are China and Ja
pan. In the lower grades the vacations
have been made shorter because the
natives who fill these places are In the
same climate in which they have
grown up. They need no change, only
a respite from work.
It is not expected that the present
Inequalities along race lines will con
tinue Indefinitely. When Filipinos fill
most of the places, there will be no
ground for It to rest upon. The civil
service of the Islands will then, more
over, be conducted at a minimum cost.
ROYAL BIRTHDAY SURPRISE.
How Klmr Edward Gt the Qneem
an Inripreted Sonss Concert.
If any further testimony to the splen
did health the king Is rejoicing in were
necessary, it was furnished by his ap
pearance when he reached London the
other day. when he was looking the
picture of good spirits and robustness
and also by the amount of work and
shooting he had been doing recently.
Mr. Sousa, America's march king, is
one who can testify to the king's excel
lent appearance, as also to that charm
lng characteristic of his majesty's na
ture, a desire to give pleasure to oth
ers, says the New York Herald. The
pains the king took to keep secret from
the queen the birthday treat he had
planned for her in the coming of Sou
sa's band were almost boyish in their
delightful enthusiasm. I believe not
a living soul in Sandringham knew
anything about the matter till about
an hour before the performance. Even
then its nature was quite unknown to
To guard against any chance of the
king's secret becoming known, when
the command was given a few days
ago through Mr. George Ashton in
structions were that the whole affair
was to be kept a profound secret, as
the king was so solicitous about the
surprise to be given to the queen. So
Jealously was the secret guarded that
even the members oTTln "DafniT did not
know where they were going, but sim
ply that they were going to perform in
a private house in the country. It was
not till their train was starting from
the Liverpool street station that they
learned the truth. wherouion one
bandsman exclaimed excitedly: "I was
up till 4 o'clock this morning putting a
crease in my trousers! If I had known,
I would certainly have sat up till U
to make It more complete."
LIVE BIRD HELD BY ICE.
Found on Surface of Lake Calhona,
MIHh and Ileacned.
It was an odd find II. W. Belter
came upon while taking a spin with an
iceboat on Lake Calhoun, says a dis
patch from Minneapolis to the New
York Times. Near the west shore his
attention was attracted by something
black which fluttered about on the ice.
He found the object to be a large loon.
In some unaccountable way one of its
wings had frozen in the ice. Held fast
in the grip of winter, the bird was un
able, in spite of its convulsive strug
gles, to break away. There was plenty
of life left in the bird, handicapped as
As Belter approached it gave vent to
harsh, discordant cries and pecked sav
agely at the band outstretched to free
It. Chopping out a section of ice In
which the wing was held. Belter took
the captive home and will undertake to
ASKS A PASTOR'S PRAYERS.
Cincinnati "Woman Fears She May
JEot Get the Man She Lorra.
Rev. n. M. Kendall of Flora, Ind.,
who has recently gained considerable
notoriety by his sensational sermons
on dancing and who resigned bis
charge and entered the lecture field,
has received the following communi
cation: Cixcixsatt, O., Dec t,
Pistor Will you please extend your prayers to
me that Cod may answer my prayer and that I
may get the man I dearly love, and please pray
for me often, will yon. please, that I may be bet
ter and also get himf If I would ask our pastor
here, he would laugh at me, ao I write and ask
you to pray for me, which I hope you will do.
From a sister In Christ. Mis F. E.
P. 8. Remember me in your prayer for a Ion a"
The Christmas Flower of Mexico.
In Mexico the red poinsettia Is the
Christmas flower. It holds for the
Mexican the same sentimental signifi
cance that the holly and mistletoe do
In northern countries. The Mexican
Indians have a legend to account for
Its brilliant bracts of blood red leaves
that a drop of blood blown from the
pierced side of Christ touched the little
plant, and ever since it has worn blood
Wlanlnar ft Brnte's Respect.
In an article on the training of wild
animals in Frank Leslie's - Popular
Monthly Frank C. Bostock. the famous
showman, said: "If I were to lay down
a basic principle, I would say. Just as
my father dH to rae the first time he
ever cava me a whlc and. a lion. .'First
of all, warm up to him.' That does not
mean to pet him or talL silly nonsense
of the affectionate sort, but to treat
him with a frank, common sense and
a kindly hand and care.
"Once a very fierce old tiger which
we bad In London had nearly killed my
brother, and her keepers were afraid
of her. It happened that she ran a bit
of bone into her paw and had a very
sorry time of it. I undertook to re
move It and by the use of lashings and
a little patience succeeded. It took
four men to help nie. When we were
about half way through the operation,
she got the idea of what we were try
ing to do for her, and a more docile
patient surgeon never had, though the
pain was great, I am sure. The next
day I put a poultice on that foot with
one keeper standing outside the cage
with a prodding Iron as a precaution,
and ever after that till the day of her
death I could enter her cage at any
time without her giving any sign but
that of pleasure."
FARMING WITH MACHINERY.
Fifty Horsepower Epfrlnes on Sonth-
ern California V.'heataelda.
Farming is conducted upon a large
and economic scale in many portions
of southern California, writes the spe
cial correspondent of the New York
Post from Los Angeles. In no locality
has modern steam farming machinery
been applied with such effectiveness
as upon the grain ranches in southern
California. On one ranch the engine
used to draw the machinery is of fifty
horsepower and has drivewheels eight
feet high. It consumes twelve barrels
of oil every day, and its operation re
quires the services of seven men. In
plowing fifty-five furrows are turned
over at one time, covering a breadth of
forty feet. Eight horses are needed to
keep the machine supplied with water
and fuel. The best record made so
far in plowing Is seventy-five acres in
four hours and forty-five minutes. The
field was five miles around, giving the
great engine a straightaway course,
with few turns. In making the record.
In operating this plow to the best ad
vantage a water station Is maintained
at one corner of the field, from which
the engine is supplied as needed. The
average capacity of the machine is the
plowing of 110 acres per day.
The use of this machine is not an ex
periment. Last year 0,000 acres were
harvested by it. On a ranch of 1,000
acres it i an economic investment, but
a smaller acreage would not warrant ! young son of Senator Lodge soon dem
tbe outlay. Last season a combined onstrated that he was the star cake-
harvester was drawn by the engine
and averaged over 1.000 acres of wheat
in a day, cutting, thrashing and suck-
lug the crop. Oue of these great field
engines is at work this season near
Covlna, displacing seventy mules.
DISTANCED THE "SHADOW."
Secret Service Officer Ontatrlpped by
the Prcaldent and Ills Son.
President Boosevelt. accompanied by
his son Theodore, outstripped the se
cret service ofiicer who was detailed to
follow him ttie other afternoon in
Washington, says the New York Trib-
uno. Leaving the White House about 4
o'clock, they walked across country to
Cabin John Bridge, a celebrated resort
In Montgomery county, Md.. about sev
en miles northwest of Washington and
only a short distance from the Toto
mac river. For the greater part of the
walk the detective, who was ordered
by the president not to shadow him.
kept pace with the chief magistrate
and his son.
On the way back to the White ITouBe,
at a place near the Chain bridge.
which connects the banks of the Poto-
mae about three or four miles from
Georgetown, the secret service man
became exhausted. Here he was forc
ed to remain several minutes to rest
and get his breath. In the meantime
the president and his son proceeded to
the White House. It was an hour or
more after dark when they arrived.
The outstripped secret service officer
came In to make his report about an
hour and a half later. He was com
pletely played out and has not told any
one whether he took the electric cars
In or not.
The Cleric and Christmas Shoppers.
Now that the merry Yulctide comes.
The jaded clerk once more must rise
As if to take a judgment seat
And show the world tint he is wise.
The great, the small, the rich, the poor.
All come to him to ask advice
Id picking; out such rifts as may
lie deemed appropriate and nice.
The nappy mother blandly asks:
"Now, to you think this sled will suit?
Or would you, if you were a boy.
Prefer a tool chest or a flute?"
The fond young husband ssWs for aid
In choosing stockings for his dear;
The clerk must fsvor this or that
And always make his reasons clear.
The youthful grandma, whispering, aska
If he will kindly help her choose
The little coat she wants to get
Or else the cunning little shoes.
And he who has within his watch
The picture of a maiden fair
Implores the clerk to help him find
Such gloves as she'll be proud to wear.
But saddest of the moments which
Tto poor clerk has through all the day
Is that in which some sweet, sweet girl
Comes trustingly to him to say,
"Now, do you do you really think
That you that is. if you were he
Would like to get this U you knew
Well, if yon knew it came from tr.ef"
& E. User la Chicago Record-Herald.
ncmllity is the means of progress.
When we realize bow little we know.
We shall yearn and strive to know
more; when we feel how Imperfect Is
our character, and not till then, we
shall make earnest efforts after our
WHITE HOUSE FROLIC.
President Steps a Dance
i LED IN A CHRISTMAS CAKEWALK.
Pranced Down the . Line to the
Strains of "A Hot Time" Virginia
Heel. Started the Fob Senator
LoOce Entered Heartily Into the
Hevels In the East Room.
. President Boosevelt took part In the
Cakewalk and danced the Virginia reel
in the White House on Christmas night
as a finale to the Christmas festivities.
writes the Washington correspondent I
of the New York ' World. Senator ;
Lodge and some young people, invited
. . , ...
The frolic took place In the historic
east room. Amid much laughter the
party formed for the Virginia reel. The
orchestra struck up, and the president
of the United States led the dance up
and down the line, executing many
Mrs. Boosevelt and the other ladies
in the party were almost hysterical
over the antics of the president who
entered into the danco with all his ac
customed spirit. The president chas
sed, Bldestepped and "balanced all,"
while the little Boosevelt boys gave
vent to howls of merriment
Following the president came LTenry
Cabot Lodge, United States senator
from Massachusetts, usually staid, dig
nified, stately. On Christmas night he
forgot all this and danced with all the
vim and abandon of his young son,
who was present. The Boosevelt chil
dren guyed the senator Just as they
had their father.
For thirty minutes the reel was
danced. Then the orchestra struck up
"There'll Be a Hot Time." The guests
yelled, and some one started a cake-
walk. The president chose a partner
and led the cakewalk down the long
east room, executing fancy, buck and
wing steps, while others in the party
"Go it, pop!" yelled the Boosevelt
children. Mrs. Boosevelt laughed until
the tears came to her .eyes. After a
few minutes of "A Hot Time" the or
chestra began playing "Whistling Bu
fus." a real cakewalk tune, and the en
tire narty Joined in the contest. The
. waller, ana tne presiant auoweu mm
t lead. After tne catwalk came an
.old fashioned counnr square dance.
It was the president's own suggestion
that after dinner tne arty nave an
;0ld fashioned Christmas celebration.
I The party adjourned to the long cor
ridor, where games were played for
half an hour, the children all partici
pating. ) When Tresldent and Mrs. Boosevelt
upon arising prepared to conduct the
family procession to the sitting room
to examine the Christmas stockings, it
was found that the restless youngsters
had 6tolen a march and already knew
ial1 about the Psents and were Joyous
because of the multitude of gifts.
Theodore junior received a splendid
bunting outfit, including a shotgun, n
magazine rifle an a hunting knife.
These arms will !.e tried during his
bunting trip. Just begun under the
guidance of Dr. Blxey.
The morning was devoted to a family
reunion, punctuated by visits from cab
inet members. At 1:30 the whole fami
ly. Including Mame. the nurse, drove
to the residence of Commander Cowles.
Shortly after their arrival a switch was
turned, and the big Christmas tree in
the large sitting room on the second
floor Instantly was ablaze with electric
lights. The tree was set in mossy
grounds surrounded by a lake and
with wonderful animals grouped on
While the merriment was at Its
height the president withdrew unob
served. Shortly thereafter the children
were delighted by the entrance of a
rollicking Santa Claus. What seemed
real snow and Icicles clung to his boots
and to his pack. He knew exactly
what would please little boys and girls,
and Just the light presents were forth
coming from the pack.
Baby Quentln discovered the absence
of his father and lamented the fact
vociferously until calmed by the gift of
a baby rough rider uniform, vhlcb
Mrs. Cowles herself had made and
which offset a sailor uniform present
ed to Baby Sheffield Cowles.
At 0 o'clock both families returned to
the White House for dinner. Baby
Quentln sat opposite Baby Sheffield.
Both were in high chairs, and they
were the autocrats of the feast. The
grown folks. Including President and
Mrs. Boosevelt. Commander and Mrs.
Cowles and Miss Carew, with Miss Al
ice and young "Teddy." were so placed
about the board as to best assist the
President Boosevelt carved the tur
key. The feasi was concluded with old
Fashioned pumpkin and mince pies, sent
by Mrs. Boose velt's old neighbors at
Oyster Bay. The evening was devoted
to games and dances.
'sea Diver's Great Feat.
CaDtaln Inis Sorcbo. the cbamDton
deep sea diver, beat all records the
lother day when' he remained under
water for nine hours. ' The feat was
performed la the Coliseum building,
where the pure food show is In prog
ress, says the Chicago Becord-nerald.
Captain Son bo's exhibition was the
main feature of the big show, and j
from tne time ne was lowered into the
big tank at 2:04 o'clock in the after
noon nntil 11:04 o'clock the same night,
when he was taken out. thousands
were permitted to view the unusual
sight. The previous record was 8 hours
10 minutes and 30 seconds.
HANNA ON M'KINLEY.
Ohio Senator's Reminiscences of the
In the current issue of The National
Magazine Senator Ilanna gives detail
ed reminiscences of the late President
McKinley as a man, a friend and as a
leader. Mr. Ilanna says In his article:
"A great deal has been said about his
proverbial good nature. Lie had that
uud in addition to that an unequaled
equipoise in every emergency. In all
my career in business and in politics I
have never known a man so self con-
, . . . . , . . . '
' and his judgments were always weigh-
I iuiucta. lit; alliums ai.Li.-u uciiuiriuivijr
ed carefully, although there were times
when his heart Impulses would re
spond quickly without apparently the
"In all those thirty years of close re
lations I never saw him in a passion,
never beard him utter oue word of
what I would call resentment tinged
with bitterness toward a living person.
This was again reflected in the 6tory
of the assassination told by Mr. Mil
burn, who said that he could never for
get the picture in the expression of his
countenance as he glanced toward the
assassin. In his eyes read the words as
plain as language could express it,
'Why should you do this?'
"And then when the assassin was
hurled to the ground, when the fury
and indignation of the people had be
gun to assert itself, he said, with al
most saintly compassion, 'Don't let
them hurt him.'
"I know of nothing in all history that
can compare with the splendid climax
and ending of this noble life. One of
the sweetest consolations that come to
me Is the memory that on Tuesday
preceding his death he asked to see a
newspaper, and when he was told 'Not
today he asked, 'Is Mark here?'
" 'Yes, Mr. President," was the re
sponse, and in that one sweet last re
membrance was a rich reward for the
years of devotion which it had always
been my pleasure to give him."
Senator Ilanna closes the article as
follows: "We were both of Scotch
Irish descent, but opposites in disposi
tion. He was of a more direct descent
than I, but it Is thought from our dis
positions that he had the Scotch and I
had the Irish of the combination."
NEW MILFORD'S FRIGHT.
Giant Skyrocket Caused Religions
Ones to I'm y In the Streets.
Several thousand inhabitants of New
Mllford, near Winsted, Conn., on the
Berkshire division of the New York.
New Haven and Hartford railroad,
were startled the other night by an ex
plosion somewhere to skyward of the
town, snys the New York Times. The
sound was terrific, they say. and the
sidewalks trembled. People rushed
out of doors, and some of them declare
that they thought the day of judgment
'was at hand. They knelt in the streets
and begin to rray.
As the terrible sound came there was
a bright flash about 2CK) yards from
the earth, directly overhead. A little
later the streets were choked with peo
ple, gaping at the heavens and wonder
ing what was the cause of the noise.
It was finally concluded by many that
a meteorite had exploded over the
town. Some of the more religious citi
zens, however, persisted in believing
that the strange blast was Intended as
a warning that the life of the world
was about to end. -That no fragments
or trace of a meteorite could be found
was used by them as an argument that
they were right In their conclusions.
A. L. Conkley, who conducts a music
6tore, solved the mj-stery late the next
afternoon by saying that he set off a
giant skyrocket, which caused the ex
citement. The rocket had been left
over from the last Fourth of July, and
his family thought fitting to celebrate
with It a happy Christmas.
Long Conrtuhlps In Xorway,
Norwegian weddings are almost al
ways celebrated at the close of a short
Scandinavian summer, a season which
the Industrious Norsemen find too short
In which to work and from which they
would never dream of taking the days
that are necessary for the long drawn
out festivities of the Norse wedding.
So the maidens who are wooed all the
year round are usually wedded at the
beginning of winter. Norwegian woo
Ings are very frank and very long a-do-lng.
On summer Sundays the lanes,
the highways and byways are ateeni
with lovers. Kach couple saunters
6lowly along, not In the least shy, his
arm about her shoulders, her arm about
his waist. Nor do they untwine their
arms If they pause a little to chat with
friends, not even if they stop to speak
with casual acquaintances. Ten or a
dozen years often elapse between the
first day of courtship and the day of
marriage, while a seven years' betroth
al Is considered of very moderate
length. Woman's Home Companion.
Exact Sirs. Jones.
Mrs. Brown (Indignantly) Is It true
that he said I was "fair, fat and for
Mr. Jone-j I'm not sure that he said
The straight tre Is the first to be cut
'down. The well of sweet water In. this
first to be exhausted.
IS WIFE DECIDES IT
Gov. Shaw Accepts Treasxiry Portfolio on Her Advice
"I G vi ess Maybe We Can Stand It."
The appointment of Governor Leslie
M. Shaw as secretary of the treasury
has occasioned scarcely more interest
in Des Moines, la., than the attendant
elevation of Mrs. Shaw to the social
prominence of the wife of a cabinet
officer, says the New York World.
Five years ago Governor Shaw was
not known outside the little town of
Denison, in which he was chiefly noted
for activity in the Methodist church.
Up to that time Mrs. Shaw's social life
was only that of a popular woman of
comfortable means in a town of 2,000
population. Prior to her marriage she
was Miss Alice Crewshaw. Her step
father was a farmer near Clinton. At
the time of the marriage Mr. Shaw was
Upon her removal to Des Moines as
the wife of the governor Mrs. Shaw
won popularity because or her guile
lessness and affability. She now looks
forward to her prospective social ac
tivity at Washington with the utmost
pleasure, though she has little concep
tion of just what will be expected of
her and is more or less bewildered at
I've always done my best wherever
I've been," she said, "and I'm not
at all frightened. I now they say
Mr. Gage spent $100,000 more than his
salary, owing to the demands of so
ciety, but that seems to me needless
and a trifle foolish. Mr. Shaw told me
Senator Allison assured him we would
be able to go out in society all that is
necessary on $5,000 a year more than
his salary, and I guess maybe we can
stand that for a few years. I don't
want to make Mr. Shaw hard up, and
I shall not, but you know I've always
borne my share of society work, and I
expect I 6hall in Washington. They
say it nearly wrecked Mrs. Gage's
health, but I shall not be alarmed on
that account, as I'm so well and strong.
When Mr. Shaw went to Dubuque
to see Senator Allison, he didn't make
anr promises until he could see me.
When he got back again, he said to
me he didn't want to go anywhere his
wife and children could not go with
honor and comfort, and he left the de
cision to me. Yes. I practically had the
deciding voice. I didn't much like the
Idea of changing our plans after hav
ing made all arrangements to return to
Denison next month and spending
$2,300 In making over our house, but I
realized it was too great an honor to
decline and so I decided he should ac
cept. "But, really now, is it quite sure he's
going to get the place after all? He's
never yet received any notice from
President Boosevelt direct and was
only asked through Senator Allison if
he would accept if it was offered.
seems to me It might yet fall through.
Don't you think so?
"Well, well, I suppose it's just a wo
man's foolish notion. Men, and poli
ticians especially, know much more
about such things. Perhaps this Is the
usual way of going about making an
Mrs. Shaw declares she will depart
as soon as the governor does, taking
the fimily and the household effects.
She does not expect this to take place.
however, until after the inauguration J
of Governor Cummins, Jan. 1C She !
spent the day visiting the best local
modistes, but says she will wait until
she reaches Washington to have her
best gowns made.
NEW JOURNALISM IN JAPAN
Christian Daily at Tokyo Will Re
form Oriental Ideas.
U. Kawal, a Japanese newspaper man,
is in St. Joseph, Mo., buying part of a
newspaper plant, which is to be ship
ped to Tokyo to form the nucleus of a
great rroperty for a Christian daily,
the first in that part of the world, says
the Philadelphia Press. He has Just
consulted the Bev. Charles Sheldon
of Topeka, receiving that gentleman's
ideas on the subject. He will complete
his other purchases, including typeset
ting machines, in Chicago and in east
"The Journal will bear in mind," said
Kawai, "the great interests of hu
manity and will endeavor to remove
the prevailing narrow conceptions of
patriotism and nationalism and Im
plant instead a broad, brotherly sym
pathy for the whole world."
A Poet to His Friends.
Many of the friends of Mr. Arthur
Stringer, the Canadian poet, received
just before Christmas postal cards on
which was written the following clever
If thoughts of yem all were cranberry
An' wishes were turkeys this day.
Fe'd be 'atin' a gobbler the llngth av a
With trimmin's the eoLze av a shay.
Latest London Fancies.
The ladybird is the latest fancy in
trinkets in London. "Lucky ladybird"
brooches are selling very rapidly. The
insect is imitated in colored enamel on
the center of a gold safety pin. Mauve
and pink furniture is the latest fancy
of the artistic mauve wood, pink satin
brocade and curtains which, are shot
figured with a'
Influence of American Women oat
British Social Customs.
But it is not only in the realm of tha
6hopkeeper that Americans have be
come popular, says Earl Mayo in tha
January Forum. They have been tak
en up with equal or even greater en
thusiasm by the highest ranks of soci
ety. There is no doubt that their popu
larity has been due in great measure
to the influence of those American wo
men who have married into the ranks
of the clever, titled or wealthy, who
form the most important elements of
British high society. The grace, the
brightness and the adaptability of
these women have made them im
mensely popular, and the British, hav
ing found them fair types of their
countrywomen and countrymen, have
extended an equally cordial welcome
to the latter. At every house party
held in England last summer, at every
London dinner and on every yachting
expedition Americans .were much in
There have been many signs also to
show American influence on English,
social customs. For one thing It may,
be seen in the decay or one may say
more properly perhaps the relaxation
of the stiff necked chaperon system.
Until quite recently it was unusual to
find in England a formal gathering at
which fashionable young women were
allowed to attend unaccompanied! by
chaperons. During the last season,
however, there were many such af
fairs organized by fashionable young
feople and under the direction of a
single young matron, as is very gener
ally the custom in this country. There
is a very noticeable tendency In Eng
land to allow young people much mora
freedom of social intercourse than for
merly. It cannot be said either that
the change is at all unpopular with the
young people themselves or that it
seems likely to have any other effect
than to develop in the English girl the
self reliance that is so prominent a
characteristic of her American cousin
and to make young men and women
understand each other better than un
der the older and more formal system.
Another effect of American example
is to be found in the growing popular-
' ity of hotel and restaurant life abroad,
j Until the American "invasion" it was
: almost an unheard of thing for a fam
j ily to take dinner in a public restau
jrant when their own house was availa
; ble for the purpose. And as for enter
: taining friends in such a place, that
was looked upon as altogether too
outre to be attempted. Now, however,
! all this is changed, and it is not un-
! usnal for a London host and hostess to
i call upon the resources of a fashiona
i ble hotel or restaurant in giving enter
; tainments beyond the limits of ordina
iry house accommodation. A significant
; sign of the trend in this direction is to
be found in the rapid multiplication of
fine hotels that is going on in London
at the present time. These hotels them
selves, by the way. are becoming rap
Idly Americanized. American methods
of organization and management,
American .disheg and American drinks
are coming more and more into vogue,
and it is easy euough to find half a
dozen hotels in London which are in
all essential respects exactly like those
of New York.
A USE FOR COAL ASHES.
Discovery That Fireproof Mortar
Csn Be Made Therefrom.
George F. Averill, living at Arverne,
N. Y.. says that he has discovered a
means of using the waste coal ash cin
ders that will make the hitherto use
less material of great commercial val
ue. The use which Mr. Averill has
found for these coal ashes is In a new
kind of fireproof mortar, 90 per cent of
which is made up of coal ashes and the
rest double hydraulic cement, says the
Brooklyn Eagle. Mr. Averill has had
tests made under the supervision of the
department of buildings in Manhattan
which show that the insulating proper
ties of a block constructed according
to Mr. Aver ill's specifications are very
great. In fact, Mr. Averill says that
with over 1,700 degrees F. hardly any
perceptible heat could be felt by the
band on the other side of the block.
Matches which had been laid on the
block were not Ignited, and some white
pine and oak splinters showed no signs
of charring. A thermometer on the up
per side of the block during the whole
time of the test registered only 11G de
grees. Mr. Averill also proposes to make a
fireproof concrete from the waste ashes
which can be used in ceilings and can
be made into blocks for partitions. It
has been estimated that the amount of
waste of coal ashes in Manhattan and
Brooklyn aggregates C.000.000 cubic
yards yearly, the greater portion of
which is now dumped into the ocean.
"What is a promoter, Jim V t
"WelL a promoter is one of those;
fellows that can sell you a colander;
or a washbasin." Boston Commercial I
with both colors and
pattern of sweet peas.