Newspaper Page Text
TILE ARGUS, SATURDAY, APRIIi 26, 1902.
ioiiabed Dally and Weekly at 1824 Second
Avenue, Rock Island. 111. Entered at tne
ostofflce as Second-class matter.
BY THK J. W. POTTER CO.
TERMS Dally. 10 cents per week. Weekly,
1 1.00 per year In advance.
All communicationnof political or argumen
tative character, political r religious, must
have real name attached for publication. No
such articles will be printed over fictitious
Correspondence solicited from every town-
hip In Rock Island county.
Saturday, April -,'.
For legislative Nomination.
At the solicitation ot many friends I here
by announce myself a candidate for the
nomination for minority representative
subject to the decision of the democratic
convention and invite the support of those
who deem me worths'. W. R. MOO K EX
The Argus and Its Anniversary.
Holy writ liath said. "And ye shall
hallow the fiftieth year ami proclaim
liln-rty t hroiighoiit the land, unto ail
the inhabitants thereof; it shall le a
jubilee vear unto you."
The Argus completed the half cen
tury of its existence as a newspaper
last autumn, and it was the intention
to fittingly commemorate the occa-
xiou at that time. Hut like the
world's fair, circumstances interven
ed and it was not possible to pull the
event off. so to seak. during the
actual anniversary eriod. At the
time it was planned to issue the
jubilee edition the paper was not in
the enjoyment of its own home, for
owing to delay in the improvements
that had been in progress during the
summer it was obliged to remain in
its temporary quarters. Then came
the inconvenience of moving, and
later through forceof unavoidable coll
Uitions the publication of the anniver
sary numlHr was deferred, and even
nfter the ta-k was entered upon it
was interrupted from time to time
To a newspaper whose daily duty to
the public cannot be interfered with
additional undertakings of exacting
nature are attended by more r less
difficult v such as would not le so
likely in aluist any other pursuit.
The jubilee nuinler of The Argus
which goes out to its readers today
contains a story of remarkable in
terest. for it is not confined to events
in the life of The Argils, but tells
much it in nit its contemporaries in
Jlock Island citv and count v. AnJ.
entering the broader field of local his
tory into which the career of the pa
H-r is woven, it has attempted to pre
sent faithful, authentic and compre
hensive review of public affairs and
public enterprises, together with the
tuore notable undertakings, projects
and institutions that have played and
are playing a part in the develo-
inent of the eommunit v. That the
number might be as complete in al!
resects as possible, various remi
niscenccs and incidental matters o
common interest have lcen included.
The aim has been to appropriately
illustrate the edition throughout with
views and portraits. A feature of
which The Argus is particularly
proud is the beautiful acrostic poem
n pjiearing on the first page, written
especially for The Argus by Hock Is
land's poet. I!olert llexdale. and
which the paer has christened its
Jubilee Ode. It is a gem of
thou -'lit and verse which The
Argus will always treasure
Much that is contained within the
pages of The Argus anniversary
edition has neer before been pub
lished, and as far as the historical
facts are concerned great paius have
been employed to present a reliable
story such as will not only be read
with interest now. but which will In-
preserved for future reference and
in contemplation of the labor
that has attended the work in this
respect The Argus has the satisfac
tion of knowing that should any of
its conteniora ries undertake in the
future a similar enterprise it will be
found much less arduous. There are
no copyright reservations upon any
of the material The Argus pre
sents ill its jubilee nuiiiler. This
particular issue goes out from the
office of publication simply as a news
paper, and as part and parcel of the
mission The Argus seeks to fulfill.
In the newspaMr world, as in any
art and occupation practiced by man.
notable changes occur in a ieriod of
half a century that in many instances
must amount to transformation.
The art of newspaper making has
not Ik-cii liehind the times. The press
has kept pace with the march of pro
gress both in the capacity of chron
icler and historian and iji the develop
ment of means for the serving of its
own purposes. It has shared in
the advantages and achievements
that have come with the triumph of
inventive genius or under the spur
of competition and incentive of re
ward. Not wholly in the methods of
collecting and disseminating news
has the publication of the daily jour
nal progressed. Th? triumph of the
Associated I'ress as an agency for
depicting the events of the entire
world promptly and accurately, and
the systematic nnd reliable canvass
ing of the local Held indicate the push
and progress of newspaer publica
tion. The mechanical department.
tof. has prrited by man's talent,
energy ami skill. The typesetting
inHchine, and the speeding perfecting
press are laying before the world,
marvelous accomplishments every
day. Perhaps the cover which ac
companies this issue f The Argus
illustrates this advancement quite us
well as does the. general character of
The years that have goue into the
record f time since the tirst copy
of The Argus appeared have been
among the most stirring in
all history. The files of The
Argus tell day by day of some of
the greatest wars of all time, not the
least terrible of which was our own
civil strife, whije of more recent
date occurred tbe Spanish-American
disturbance, which, while not so
serious in itself, served nevertheless
t change in u large d-gree the map
of the globe. In the progress of the
world since 1S51 have occurred some
of the most serious and alarming in
dustrial disturbances at home and
abroad that have evier been known.
Wonderful accomplishments in in
dustry and revelations in invention
such as might readily have startled
mankind, developments in commerce.
traffic and communication, in the
accumulation of wvalth, in all the
higher arts and sciences and in
everv field of liumaii endeavor
are recited iu the simple news
paper story of those fifty years
The world has .been revolutionized
since The Argus came to keep track
of its movements and record its do
mgs. Men in everv walk ami station
of life liave come, have play
ed their various' parts. Fame has
crovviwd them, and they have passed
mi. Three presidents of the United
States have been slain by the assas
sin's baud. New issues have develoed
in the arena of politics, new ques
tions ajid theories have commando
popular attention and consideration
and conditions have appeared not
dreamed of in the philosophy of fifty
years ago. Th. silent pages tell an
inspiring story of the long years that
are gone. Who knows what the coin
ing half century will add?
Of the i-iitinite gratification that The
Argus fen-Is in having reached thf
period it has in its history it need
not speak extensively. It is gruteful
for its good fortune, grateful to all
wiio have given encouragement tn
the method it adopted for celebrating
its half century. It is grateful that
it has survived the adversities and v
cissitudes of life to this time. It is
grateful that there came into its
state of In-ing one who gave it an ex
ample worthy of emulation and left it
a. memory to le cherished. The Argus
is grateful for the friends it has. and
their adoption tried, hopes to retain
The Mission of the Newspaper.
None of life's pursuits has its mis
sion more clearly defined than has
the newspaper. Kvery properly con
ducted publication must recognize
its responsibility as . well as its in
tiuciice. While seeking to be con
servative to the degreie of fairness
it should not falter in the discharge
of its duty. It should not content
itself in being merely a reflex of pul
lie sentiment. It should be a mould
er and a leader of public sentiment
It should seek first of all to dis
charge without bias or prejudice its
function as a newspaper by giving
timely and faithful portrayal of cur
rent events both local and at large
Thereafter it should participate in
the formation and leadership of
movements for the betterment of the
conditions of society. It should aim
for the advancement of the city it
represents, to earnestly uphold those
principles, Mliticat and otherwise, for
which it stands, ami in all things
and at all times to maintain fairness
and justice in all its relations with
The newspaper must essentially be
abreast of the times. It must pro
gress and it must be the champion
of progress. It must Itv tireless in
its exertions ami energies. In a
word, it must always Im on hand.
Home Kind Word.
Many pleasant things have been
said of The Argus by the neighbor
ing press since the announcement of
its purpose to issue it jubilee number.
It would be impossible to publish all
the kind references of this nature.
The following are merely given as
samples of different kinds of com
pliments, all of which are duly ap
The Kock Island Argus will be 50
years old pretty soon and it is get
ting ready ti rememler the fact in
the proper way. A fine memorial
and souvenir edition is already under
way. The Argus is an excellent ex
ample of the home newspaper in this
part of the country. It does not ape
metropolitan airs and it is not given
to sensational methods. It works
hard to cover the news of its neigh
borhood, is alive to every local inter
est, and it would rather miss a pub
lication that some papers would term
a scoop than make trouble anil do
mischief by the premature or unau
thorized use of news in which other
H-ople are deeply interested. It de
serves a goMl birthday party Dav
The Rock Island Argus is 50 years
old. The Argus is many-yea red as
well as many-eyed. There is a subtle
joke in this that will grow on one, if
it is studied in the proper spirit.
Kock Island Should Be True to Itself
If The Argus were to give a mes
sage to Kock Island on the occasion
of its jubilee publication it would be
"to thine ovvnself be true. Cities,
like individuals, should le just with
themselves. The Argus is too much,
attached to Kock Island to find fault
with the city or its citizens as a class.
It merely wants the city to accom
plish those undertakings that
the city owes to itself. It
is not many years since
The Argus referred to new railroad
stations and a new court house as
among the needs of Kock Island and
in the same connection spoke of the
means by which both could be pro
vided. There were many who did not
believe either project feasible. Hut
both improvements have since come.
Then there was the suggestion of a
new theatre. It, too. was held to be
entirely impracticable. Hut after
awhile it was decided to make at least
a trial. Kock Island has today the
new theatre that was for so long re
garded as a castle in the air. There
have been plenty of other accom
plishments equally as imortant, as
this issue of The Argus relates, each
in its turn testifying to what can be
done where there is a will.
The time is at hand for unother
awakening in Kock Island. There
are two things that Kock Island is
today unmistakably in need of fac
tory sites and more mercantile build
ings. The city is placing itself at a
disadvantage through neglect iu both
these respects. The Argus is strong
in the conviction so often expressed
by it that if the local capital that
every vear seeks investment and
often unprofitable away from Kock
Island were invested in judicious
schemes here, the venture would
prove advantageous. The public
spirit that will throw ocii accessible
territory for factory puroses will
bring plenty of new industries to
Kock Island, and the public spirit
that will provide new business blocks
will keep the trade that belongs here
from going elsewhere.
And the public spirit that finds
expression in both these undertak
ings will not only hasten the day
when Kock Island shall In-come a
great city. but will reap abundant
reward in the goods of this life.
Kock Island should be true to itself,
Then and Now.
When the government first entered
upon its policy of territorial aggran
diement people holding to the tenets
of the party in power scouted thf
idea of this country ever taking up
on itself a colonial, much less an im-
erial form of government. It was
held as u secies of the grossest slan
der upoii cherished American institu
tions to even intimate such a thing,
Yet quietly, steadily but as surely as
night has followed dav, since the
conclusion of the treaty of Paris the
country has adapted itself to the ad
ministration of the same government
without consent beyond the sens
that the fathers of the republic re
Less than five years ago the people
of this county were denouncing
Wey lerism,as practiced mi Spain's sub
jects in the island of Cuba as a form
of cruelty that no civilized nation
could ignore. So enormous was the
brutality practiced by the soldiers of
the imperial government beyond the
seas on its subjects in the Antilles
that the United States finally drove
Spain from the western hemisphere
ami in addition seized the Philippine
archipelago over in Asiatic waters
This iu the name of justice, human
ity and civilization. When Dcwev's
guns thundered at Manila's gates it
was hailed as the dawn of freedom's
morn far off there among a benighted
people. In their delight at prospect
of release f rom iNtndage these trusting
people united with the forces of the
I'nited States against a common foe.
And so to recompense them for their
loyalty we bought them. And today
America ii army officers are being
tried at Manila for the same bar
barous practices that Wevler and
other officers inflicted upon the sub
jects of Spain in islands adjacent to
our shores but a few years ago.
The American people were indig
nant at thought of imperialism, but
they finally became reconciled to the
inevitable. They were shocked when
they heard of the brutal treatment of
Filipinos who arc fighting for the
samc principle Cuba struggled for so
many years. But officers in the army
of conquest of the I'niteil States ad
mit all the charges. So the vop!e
must accept them and become used
to it. It is part of the iron rule of
imperialism which the party having
in its keeping the administration of
the government of the United States
has revived in one quarter of the
globe at the same moment that the
real spirit of the republic has driven
it from another.
Col. Jesse IlarMr, about the last tif
the pioneer reformers, orators and
campaigners of Illinois, anil Known
to the people of every state in the
union, who died at the residence of
his sou. Alma Harper, in Danville.
this week, aged 71 years, was delegate
to the convention that nominated Ab
raham Lincoln for president, lie was
some years ago a familiar figure in
Springfield, ami at one time published
a paer in Jacksonville. Col. Harper
was an abolitionist and an original
republican, but in 1S75 he left the re
publican party, declaring it had gone
back on the principles of its founders
and was legislating in the interests
of the great corporal ions and monop
olies. He allied himself with the
greenback party a time when he fol
lowed it into the people's party.
In the first seven months of l'jol
the Cubans imported, uccording to
the Philadelphia Kecord, woolen
goods to the value of $2S,2a5, of
which 1 per cent came from the Unit
ed States; $238,733 in silks, of which
the United States sold T, per cent;
$l,t)U0.240 of textiles other than cot
ton, the United States supplying 7
per cent, and $3.5C0.087 cotton goods,
of which the United States supplied
t) per cent. Thus we absolutely drive
away trade and force it into the
hands of our competitors by our ab
surd tariff restrictions.
The interests which I'ierpont Mor
gan practically controls represent a
capital considerably exceeding $5,
000.000,000. It is now understood,
suggests an exchange, that he is gi-
ing to consolidate the moons of Ju
piter and try the merger idea on the
The administration may have whip
lied Congrcsnian liabeock into Ijne on
the tariff question, but the Wiscon
sin statesman's own district failed to
indorse the republican administra
tion. Presidents may control con
gressmen, but thev cannot control
The democrats never had a better
opportunity to carry the grand old
state of Illinois than is presented this
year. Not only the people, but a
large percentage of the republican
party realize the desirability for a
change in the control of state affairs.
The existing hiirh nriee of beef af
folds but an i 1 1 list r:i t ion of what the
people contribute to the capitalization
as wen as me dividends oi me com
lunations that seek to control the
commodities of life.
The glorious. long prayed for rains
have moistened the parched earth
and made the farmer glad. I he peo
ple should give thanks to the (iiver
of all (ioiiil before the republican par
tv claims the credit.
Kvroii wrote that man's control of
the ocean stops with the shore.
his most poetic visions he never saw
a community of interests iu steam
Please. Mr. President, is the l-'un-
stou incident tiuallv closed, too?
WEATHER AFFECTS BUSINESS
TTaer lias Ilren r. :r-nt Variety and Nona
of It .lust Ideal.
New York. Apiil :. K. t'. Dun &
Co. s Weekly Keview or lrr.de says
today: Versililo weather lias produced
erratic fluctuations in prices, and af
fected business very differently, ac
cording to locality. The extremes were
blizzards and oppressive heat, with
every intermediate variety. As the
future prosperity of the railroads is
more or less dependent upon the crops
the vagaries or the weather were
quickly reflected in the markets for se
curities, as well as in option sales of
grain and cotton. .
Most large cousuincr of pig Iron
have provided for their needs well up
to the end of the year, and consequent
ly there is little change to report in
the situation except as to small orders.
Lumber and building material are hav
ing the usual spring activity. Manu
facturers of i-o'ton goods are still be
hind with deliveries. Wool moves
slowly, and in some instances prices
are shaded, but as a rule holders in
sist on fall figures. I-Vtwear shops
at the east have few- new orders, and
shipments from Hoston continue to de
crease. Leather is quiet, without
change In price. The sharp rise iu
prices of wheal must be attributed in
part to skillful manipulation by Inter
ests recently prominent in the stock
Failures for the week numbered 212
in the United States, against 21."V last
year, and 'IS in Canada, against
a year ago.
GOING TO HUNT PEARLS
Two Men Will Try to Hnl Them In In.
tli.tii.t nml llliiiotn Creek'.
Crawfordsville. I ml., April 20.
Charles (Jreen and 1 J rant Warren will
leave this week for a tour of the
creeks of India tia and Illinois in search
of fresh water pearls. For several
years they have spent the part of each
summer looking for pearls, ami the
work has paid them well, tireen hat
made a rake, which he expects to use
iu his labors, with a jointed handle
eighteen inches long. With this tool it
will not be necessary to wade in the
water very much, id they can stand
on the bank and rake the mussels iu
The men slate that the business, if
pursued steadily, will average them
each 2."i n week. Most of the pearls
secured bring from $ lto ?.". but last
summer Jreen got a fine one. for which
he whs paid ?.'5. The mussels grow in
bills like oysters, and are found in the
low. shallow spots in the creeks where
there is a sandy bottom.
TRAGEDY IN TENNESSEE
In Which a Man Kills Ilia Granddaughter
anil Then Commit Sitichla.
Ifutlcr. Tenii.. April 2C. A horrible
tragedy occurred on Roane creek. In
Johnson county, above here, resulting
in the death of William Rogers, aged
io. and his granddaughter. Miss Mnrv
Awlield. Hired J?U. Itnirni-s nunl t..
Johnson City to meet his granddaugh
ter, iroui which place it is said they
were to depart for the west.
She failed to n linear nml ha i-m-iir.l
to this section, going to the home of
the woman, who lived with a relative.
Calling her out. he drew i nistnl nnd
shot her dead: then tilnclm tho
on against his temple he killed himself.
m 1 f f'.tnti I n mr
on to popular favor? It seems to be.
A noticeable increase in sales of
Painkiller comes from irolf districts.
The reason for this is clear. as Perry
Davis Painkiller is the oldest and
Iwst remedy extant for snrains.
strains, bruises and soreness, all of
which are common occurrences.
either in vigorous play or through
accident. Kvery where the standard
liniment and balm.
HALF A CENTURY AGO.
In glancing through the numbers '
of The Argus published half a cen
tury ago many curious things are
noted with reference to the condi
tions in general about the city as re
flected in the local columns and the
inunner of transacting business as
shown iu the advertising columns.
Kock Island was claimed at that
time to be a city of over 7.000 inhab
itants, but Illinois street, which is
now Second avenue. apjHars to have
been improved only in a few places.
There were no crossings between the
Hock Island house and the depot of
the Chicago .v Hock Island road,
which was on what is now Twentieth
street. With the mud and irregular
ity of the walks wherjf there were
any at all, the pedestrian must have
found it rather difficult getting
about. To make matters worse, at
one time noted, the street lights,
which burned gas. were out of com
mission several weeks at a time on ac
count of one bench of retorts having
burned out. While others were be
ing built the public had to get along
in the dark.
The western railroads advertised in
the early issue of 1S.". were the Chi
cago, Kock Island & Pacific. Chicago,
Hurlington & Quiiiey. Chicago & Mis
sissippi and the Crcat Western roads
The tirst named was completed to the
city about that time anil the Hurling
ton had just been built from Chicago
to Hurlington. The former was the
only road touching this city. The
display advertisement of the Chicago,
Kock Island Y Pacific road contains
the following: "Chicago & Kock Is
land and Peoria and Hureau Valley
railroads are now completed ami
open to Peoria. I'.y Chicago fc Mis
sissippi railroad connecting with this
road at Jolict passengers are convey
ed to Hloomington. Springfield and
Alton, connecting with i-tcamcrs for
St. Louis. Night express train dis
continued. Four daily passenger
trains leave Chicago (Sunday except
ed). Stages connect at Kock Island
ami Davenport for Tipton. Cellar Pap
ids, Iowa City, Fort Des Moines anil
Council HI tiffs. Passengers are re
minded of the necessity of giving dis
tinct directions iu regard to destina
tion of their baggage: also to pro
cure tickets before taking scats in
In issues of that year the list of
city officers is puoli.-hcd al the lop
of the tirst page as follows:
Ma v or Hen narpcr.
Police Magistrate A. F. Swaudcr.
Alueriiicii r irst ward. .1. V . au
Sant, J. L. Hean; Second ward, Will
iam iale, P. S. Albert; Third ward,
,.a:nes I opp. .li re S. Smith.
I lerk i.oinclius l.ynde.
Ma rstial- - J oscph J ohnstoii.
Deputy Marshal Joseph 11. Huruct.
Assessor I ornelius Lyiidc.
Printer J. H. Danforth, Jr.
Supervisor of Sidewalks C. Lv nde.
Street Commissioner First ward,
J. L. Hean; Second ward. P. S. Albert;
llnrd ward, Joseph H Hariict.
There is a notice which reads;
"Strayed or Stolen From the gov
ernment house at Fort Armstrong on
Kock Island Sunday night, a light red
cow about 11 or 1' years old and had
the letter 11 cut on each horn. Who
ever will return said cow or give in
formation that will lead to her re
covery shall be suitably rewarded."
In the advertising columns of the
other issues appears a card which
reads: "J. W. Van Sant, carpenter
and shipbuilder. Mr. an Sant,
Who died recently at his home in Le
Claire, was a resident of this city
ami his son. Samuel, who is now gov
ernor of Minnesota, was a small boy.
Dr. J. K. Hayes, father of I. W.
Hayes, head of the Southern Pacific
road, ran a card in The Argus adver
ting his business as a druggist. "No
patent quack medicine, lb said.
What do the druggists of todar think
Plummet- & Trucsdale was the style
of one of the younger medical firms
in the city.
Scars, Wood tv Co. advertised for
sale ;o0,(HK) shaved pine shingles at
their mill on Hock Island near Mo
line. Whistler's grocery store advertised
conspicuously at all times of the
vear a stock of corn, corn meal, hops,
oats, thyme, flaxseed and garden seed.
Adams & Fugle killed a pound
steer and all their customers were
advised to call early the next morn
ing in order to be served wiiu tne
The Maryland lotteries were cxtcn
Ively advertised and the result of
the last drawing exhibited. Ha files
ere given a great deal of space.
Public sales were a common method
f disposing of all sorts of wares and
aucitioneers appear to have oeen as
numerous then as lawyers are now.
The market quotations give the
.... .......... i i.
price of wheat at i to .'.io per uusn-
el. Flour was $S a barrel. Hams,
none in the market. A tine drove of
hogs that was ferried across the riv
er from Davenport and shipped to
Chicago was mentioned.
In one place the slowness of the
mails from Davenport was complain
ed -of. There wbut one mail each
THE ARGUS OF
way daily and it seems that articles
mailed in one city frequently did not
reach the postoffice box of the party
to whom it was mailed in the other
city till the second dav.
As early as 1S34 lxiwling was popu
lar in the city. S. H. Harrington,
who kept an alley, offered a prize of
a $15 gold jH-n to the one making the
highest total score on his premises
during a given time.
The poets, it appears, were not en
tirely unappreciated. There was for
some time near the end of the year
a standing notice to the effect that
the author of the best New Year's
address in verse, of not less than KM
lilies, would be given a year's sub
scription to The Argus free, together
with the best magazine published iu
the United States for a like period.
Kvidently the prize hung up was not
sufficiently alluring to call forth the
highest efforts i.-f the muses, for near
the end of the year the offer was rais
ed to $'J5 cash.
Throughout the columns of the pa
per advertising seemed to have the
ri ;ht-of-way and news features con
stituted the exception rather than
Iu the first issue of The Argus,
which succeeded the Republican De
cember 17, 1.17. appeared an editorial
explaining the reason for the change
of name by which The Argus came
into being. The Kepuhlican. as the
paper had been known from the be
ginning, was held by the editor as
not properly conveying the principles
of the paper which were declared in
the date line as follows: "We. go
where democratic principles lead th
way when they disappear we cease
to follow!" The paper up to that
time had been stvlcd The Daily He-
publican. It set forth in the editor
ial referred to that "we have after
deliberation concluded to adopt what
we conceive to le a more appropriate
name for our pajier and will give our
patrons a few of the reasons which
have governed our ;ii 'inn in the mat
ter. 'Names are of no consequence.
says one. but principles are.' This
Inav lie true, generally, but the name
of a political paper is often an indi
cation of its party politics. We often
see. however, papers called by very
inappropriate names and indicating
an adherence to a party whose prin
eipies are the very opposite to its
political character. In such a ease we
believe it is better to change tin
name than allow strangers to be de
"It is well known to all our read
ers that the opposition to the nation
al demeratic party under the lead of
such men as Seward, Ciddings, Chase.
Sunnier ami Wilson are ranging them
selves in battle array against th
democracy under the misapplied
name of 'republicans.' This has led
us to regard the name Republican
as an inappropriate one for our pa
per. When its publication was com
menced no such state of things exist
ed and the name was not only an hon
orable one to bear, but an appropriate
one. Now it has been disgraced by
self-appropriated association with a
party advocating principles subver
sive to our government.
"It is now evident that in the ap
proaching election, whatever may lu
the local names of factions, there will
be two parties; one a party for the
constitution. the other a party
against the constitution: one a party
for the union, the other a party for
disunion: one a sectional party com
posed of a sectional portion of the
north, the other a party of the whole
After contrasting the principles
of the two great parties then iu ex
istence the editorial goes on to de
clare, in behalf of the democratic
party "rallying to defend the princi
ples of this great party come the no
ble spirits of the land men who
have shown their devotion to our glo
rious union, in many hard fought
contests, under such devoted leaders
as Jackson. Clay. Calhoun, Wright.
Webster, Douglass. Sass. Fverett and
Huchauati. and who will teach the.
demagogues of this new-fangled 're
publican' party that patriotism is
not merely a name nor devotion to
our country, our union, our constitu
tion a by-word.
"The name we have chosen for our
paper we hope will please our friends,
and that they will use a little effort
to extend its circulation. ami
strengthen our hands for the great
battle of "".
"Our exchanges will do us a favor
by mentioning the change of name,
and the reasons which have impelled
us in this course. Also to change the
direction of their paper from Repub
lican to Argus.
The Grrat OlNmal Swamp
Of Virginia is a breeding ground of
malaria germs. So is low, wet or
marshy ground everywhere. These
germs cause weakness, chills and fe
ver, aches in the bones and muscles,
and may induce dangerous maladies.
But Eleetric Hitters never fail to de
stroy them and cure malarial trou
bles. They will surely prevent ty
phoid. "We tried many remedies for
malaria and stomach and liver trou
bles," -writes John Charleston,
of Hyesville, Ohio, "but never found
anything as good as Electric Bit
ters." Try them. Only 50c. llartz
& Ullemeyer guarantee satisfaction.
Kdneate Yotif BoweH With Caaearet.
Candy Cathartic, euro constipation, forever.
IQo, 35o. 11 C.C.C. fail, druggist refund money.
DAILY SHORT STORY
A Case of Identity.
Copyright. 1002. by C. B. Lewis.
The postmaster at Clayton at the
time I write of and for two years pre
viously was a single man, thirty-five
years old, named Henry Day. lie made
his home with a widow named Martin,
who had three children. As postmaster
he was known tp every man. woman
and child fcr five miles around, and
you would say that his identity could
be proved above any other man's. One
morning Day was missing, and within
an hour the widow startled the com
munity by charging him with attempt
ed assault and robbery. Her state
ment was to the effect that she had
been awakened about midnight and
fouud him in her room. She had that
day received $"J.00O in cash, and he de
manded the money. When she cried
out, he struck her with a club, and dur
ing the few minutes she was uncon
scious he secured the money and fled.
Did any one doubt her story? Was
there the slightest reason to suspect
she could be mistaken? She had seen
him aud heard his voice. So also had
Prank and llattie as he left the house,
lie had taken a freight train which
passed the station at 1 o'clock a. in.,
and the station agent had even spoken
to him. As he was the only pas
senger, the conductor and two brake
men could fully identify him. Was
thero ever a plainer case?
It was three weeks before Mr. Day
was overhauled and brought back for
trial. He was not even flustrated. He
calmly denied that he was Henry Day.
He denied that he had ever been In
Clayton. Indeed he was so cool and
nervy that the officers, who knew him
as well as they knew their own chil
dren, began to doubt if he were really
the man before they 6tarted back.
The prisoner declared the officers
mistaken, but made no objection to re
turning with them. There were ."00
people at the depot to see him. Every
one recognized him as Henry Day.
Next day he was arraigned before a
justice of the peace under that name,
lie denied it and gave his name as
James Bailey. His plea was "not
guilty," and he had the best lawyers
in the couuty. The doubt which the
officers brought back with them now
began to bear fruit. When Mrs. Mar
tin took the stand, she positively iden
tified the prisoner as Day. On cross
examination she began to waver.' One
of her children swore ositively; anoth
er "thoaght so." A clerk in the postof
fice was put on the staud to identify
the prisoner. lie was positive at first,
but ended by doubting. Oidy two
young persons out of thirty called to
the stand were positive. The defense
claimed a case of mistaken identity.
The prisoner declared his name to bo
James Bailey and that he was born of
American parents in Switzerland. He
had eoir.e to the United States as a
tourist and had only been in the coun
try two weeks when arrested. He had
about $1,000 in mouey, some of which
was English gold.
When the trial in the higher court
came on. the crew of the freight train
and the station agent were put on the
stand. Each set out to be positive, but
each ended by doubting. The testimo
ny of the station agent was a fair
"Mr. Jones, you were acquainted
with Henry Day?"
"What sort of nose had he?"
"Xose? Why. a straight nose, sir.'
"Sure of this?"
"That will do."
The prisoner in the box had a Roman
nose. Did Day have that sort of nose?
One half the village said yes. the other
half no. The Widow Martin was de
termined to be positive this time. She
not only believed in what she was go
ing to swear to, but a hundred different
people had encouraged her in her con
viction. This was the way she came
"You think it was about midnight
when you awoke?"
"Well, what did you see?"
"I saw the prisoner at the foot of
the bed and called out."
Did you know who it was before
you heard his voice?"
"Well, what did he say?"
"lie said, 'I want that money or I'll
mnrdei you. "
You were greatly frightened?"
"And yet. frightened as you were,
you recognized his voice?"
"Well, let us see if there is any sim
ilarity. Prisoner, you will call out the
words used by the man iu the bed
"The prisoner complied, seeming to
put himself in the other's place, and
his words knocked the Iwttoni out or
the prosecution. The Widow Martin
seemed stupefied as she looked at him.
'So you swear that this is the voice
you heard in your bedroom, do you?"
asked the lawyer.
"I I can't say."
Of the tvro men who had been posi
tive at the preliminary examination
one backed square down, while the
otheV was full of doubts. When the
case was closed and the Jury went
out. eight were doubtful and the other
four not very positive, and the result
was a verdict of "not guilty." Bailey
remained In town for a couple of
weeks, meeting everybody as a stran
ger and wandering around to see tl.
Bights, aud then went quietly away, i.
be seen no more. Was he Bailey or
Day? 1 have told you how they failed
to orove he .was anrbodv but .Bailey.
and yet he was Day. Years afterward
I interviewed him In a South Carolina
Jail for two days before he was to le
tried for burglary, and he acknowl
edged his identity and laughed heartily
over the details of the case. .
JI. (JUAD. ;