Newspaper Page Text
A "O yTNTT
VOIi. LIT. NO. 54,
ROCK ISLAND, 1XL,., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1902.
PAGES 9 TO 16.
ESKIMO AKIN TO INDIANS
Russian Explorers Say They
Were Originally of One Race.
BOTH FIRST CAME FEOM PHINA.
Professor Bosoras of Jesup Explor
iDR Party In Arctic Siberia Tells
How Their Work Was Prosecuted
and Its Results Interesting; Ex
hibits and Lea-ends BronRht Back.
After spending two years In east arc
tic Siberia, making a study of the
strange tribes that inhabit its bleak
shores. Professor Waldemar Jochelson
has returned to New York and made
a report to the American Museum of
Natural Ilistory that is considered one
of the most important ever filed with
the department of anthropology of that
or any similar institution, says the
New York World.
Morris K. Jesup conceived in 1S9G the
Idea that the question could bo settled
whether the American Indian was of
Asiatic origin or not whether he came
to this part of the hemisphere from
across Bering strait or landed on these
shores from some other part of the
earth. To him it seemed that primitive
man could not have passed from one
continent to another except by way of
the narrow strip of water away up in
the arctic region. He gave $50,000 to
the American Museum of Natural Ilis
tory for the purpose of causing to be
made a study of the mysterious east
arctic Siberian tribes, with this point
chiefly In view.
What was known as the Jesup north
Pacific expedition was fitted out by the
museum, with the assistance of the
Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences
and the Russian Imperial Geographical
society. Professor Waldemar Jochel
son and Professor Waldemar Bogoras,
both Russians and associated with the
Russian Academy of Sciences, were
engaged by the museum to undertake
the task. They have brought back
with them conclusive proof, so they
assert, that 'the American Indian and
the Asiatic Eskimo are close kin and
that both originally came from China,
The evidence that these conclusions
are correct consists of 1,500 specimens
and exhibits taken from among the na
tive tribes of the remote Siberian coast.
Professors Jochelson and Bogoras have
among their specimens a piece of Jap
anese iron over 200 years old found in
the far northland and many weapons
and legends which prove that the arc
tic Siberian and the American Indian
were one and the same centuries ago.
All of this is taken to prove that there
was what these explorers call a "round
Pacific race." meaning that the inbab
itants of China, Japan, arctic Siberia
and North and South America were
originally all one and the same race.
Professor Jochelson cannot speak
English, but a story of the experiences
of the expedition was told by Pro
"In the division of the work," he
said, "I took the tribes farther north,
while the interior was goue over by
Professor Jochelson. I went straight
way to the most northern part of Asi
atic Russia, away out near Bering
strait. This brought me among the
Chukchi tribe. They are reindeer
breeders. For three years I wandered
with the band and became one of them.
I found that these people undoubtedly
belong to the same stack as the Ameri
"Whether the Indian crossed over to
that country or whether the arctic peo
ple crossed over to this continent I can
not say, but I am quite sure that we
have, by our investigations, brought
out sufficient proof to establish forever
to the civilized world that there was
one round Pacific race of the same
Ftoek as the Chinese and Japanese.
"I found the words of the Chukchi
tribe are the same in many Instances
as the words used by the American In
dians for conveying the same thought.
I have compiled a dictionary of the
language of arctic tribes of about 20,
Xo words, and while I was there I
learned to speak their langunge. Pro
fessor Jochelson was all this time in"
the Interior studying the life and cus
toms of the Yookaghirs, the Koryaks
and the Yakats. We studied the lan
, guages spoken by the different tribes.
We picked up relics and specimens of
weapons and got the legends and tra
ditions Of the various peoples with
whom we went to live.
"We had cameras with us and took
pictures everywhere wo went, and we
took with us American phonographs
and had the natives speak into them,
thus being able- to get records of their
voices, giving language and accent,
which can be used In furthering our
comparative study of the American In
dian. It was very amusing to see the
Eskimo talk in the phonograph and
afterward listen to his own words. They
thought it was a live creature imitating
"Another interesting exhibit we have
for the museum is a board with pray
ers painted on it. The Chukchi tribe,
savage and wild as it is, has a religion
all its own. It worships some deity,
and its method of prayer is to paint in
blood on a board a picture of what it
wants and hold the board high In the
air. In this we can trace the Ameri
can Indian's former way of praying."
An Analysis of Three Countries.
Advices from Tokyo, Japan,' accord
ing to a special dispatch from Tacoma,
Wash., to the New York World, state
that .Baron Shibusawa, Japan's wealth-
iest business man, nas returned"-after
his tour of the world. In a comparison
of the commercial qualifications of the
countries he visited he says that the
United States Is inflated. England is
ultra conservative and Germany is a
happy medium of the two.
SOUTH AFRICA'S FUTURE, i
Bright Outlook I'redieted For
Trade fay MlninK Engineer.
Frederick P. Hale, a miniug engineer.
who has recently returned from South
I Africa, declared at the Holland House,
in New York, the other day to a re
porter of the New York Tribune that
no section of the globe would develop
so rapidly relatively in the next five
years as South Africa. "The end of the
war means the Itoglnning of another
war a commercial war, with England,
1 a i - 1 M
Germany and America struggling for
trade. A commission recently sent by
the South African board of trade to in
vestigate conditions in South Africa
made the prediction that the Rand
alone would require within the next
five years mining machinery costing
$150,000,000. Everything else is in pro
portion. The Americans and the Ger
mans are making great headway in
this trade rivalry, especially in the way
of bridges, steel rails, structural steel
and like equipment. Americans have
a large trade. They furnish the best
stuff, do it quickly and give a better
price than the English can give.
"Of course England has the call, and
many prefer to wait until they can get
stun from England. The English ma
chinery is, as a rule, heavier, more
compactly built and more rugged than
the American machinery, and for this
reason is preferred by some, but the
Americans are getting enormous con
tracts, and once in the field they stick.
The Germans are a good third and
have shown remarkable progressive
ness and keen trade ability."
SAFEGUARD FOR HUNTERS.
Maine Physician Shckp(pi tbe Wear,
insc of Illne Clothing.
Shooting accidents have been so nu
merous in the Maine woods this sea
son that there is talk of further legis
lation to punish the careless gunners
and also prevent so far as possible hu
man beings from being mistaken for
deer, says a Bangor special to the New
York Tribune. It is suggested by Dr.
Ford of Milo, who has had much ex
perience in the woods, that all hunters
or others going into the game regions
le compelled to wear blue clothing,
blue being a color easily recognized
and one that bears no resemblance to
the coat of any animal In the woods.
Many hunters make the serious mis
take of wearing bright red sweaters
under the Impression that the vivid
color can le seen at a long distance
The fact is that red or any bright color
blends with the foliage in autumn and
softened by distance and haze, much
resembles the coat of the deer. Dr.
Ford Intends to circulate a petition
asking for the passage by the next leg
islature of a law making It compulsory
for all persons going into the game re
gions to wear blue clothing.
BRITISH DIVINE'S WIT.
Anecdotes of the Late Dr. Joseph
Parker of London.
Vigorous and open spoken in seriou3
matters, the late Rev. Joseph Parker,
D. D., pastor of the City temple In Bon
don, was full of wit and humor. Once
a lady asked him what was his hobbv.
I'reacuing, niadame, was his re
"But apart from preaching," she per
"There is nothing apart from preach
ing," the doctor responded.
Dr. Parker had a harsh voice, and it
was not adapted to singing. On one
occasion he quietly entered a church
and sat in a rear pew. where he Joined
In the singing. Beside him was a
workingman. who was roaring lustily,
but was much annoyed by Dr. Parker's
harsh voice. At length the working
man leaned over to his unknown com
panion and whisitered forcibly, "Shut
up, man; you're spoiling the music."
The doctor became silent. ..
Alaska Eur In Demand.
If the Alaska Indians and trappers
do not. secure Increased quantities of
pelts during the coming winter, it will
not bethe fault of the fur dealers from
Tacoma to San Francisco, who are
urging tbem to . work early and late
with the object of obtaining every
hide possible, says the Tacoma Ledger.
Both prices and the demand are now
at a maximum, and the Indians have
been told their reward will be large
next spring If they are able to secure
game in abundance. The catch of
Alaska furs during the past year has
been about equal to that of the previ
ous season. The demand is stiller, but
with the increased population in Alas
ka there is a constant tendency for fur
beariug animals to move farther in
Novelty In Cravat Racks.
Cravat racks are the latest in burned
wood novelties and form a seasonable
feature of the gifts for men. They are
of various lengths, according to the
supposed size of the recipient's collec
tion,' generally about eighteen inches.
Square apertures hold the ties, and
brass rings or ribbon loops suspend
the rack on the wall.
Judge M. M. Sheldon of Macon, Mo.,
married a young couple recently and
left out the word "obey" in the cere
mony. In order to make sure that
both parties should be aware of the
omission be called attention to it. .
iil&lE. CHSfiG'S MISSION
Crossed Ocean to Learn How
to Help Koreans.
WOtJLD MODEBNIZE OLD NATION.
High Class Woman of the Hermit
UlaKdoni Expects to Remain In the
(."Kited States Several Years and
Will Then Return to the Orient to
The desire to' acquire an American
education, to enjoy American customs
and to imbibe American sentiment has
. brought Mine. Chang all the way from
Korea to San Francisco, says the St.
Louis Republic. The quaint little crea
ture is the first high class woman of
her nation to cross the ocean for an
In her simple way she tells how all
the real happiness of her life came
through the teachings of Americans,
and she wants to peak the language,
read the literature and live the life of
the people of this republic.
It required just two years to con
vince Chang Seining, her legal lord,
that a peep at the world and a bit of
education would not utterly ruin the
wife. But the lady's logic was not only
good.' but persuasive, and here she 1?,
with her child, domiciled as a parlor
boarder at the Methodist mission. It
is the intention of Mine. Chang to re
main there a year or more until she has
mastered English sufficiently to take
up some lines of the higher education.
Mme. Chang's father, the late Ye Se
bang, was one of the most prominent
men in the Wue3-o province. He was a
rice grower, and the plantation on
which he made his home was at Nam
chaugne. Her husband's family, which
is rich and powerful, lives near the
"I never saw my husband until I
stood, by him for the marriage cere
mony," she said through an interpreter
in comparing some of the Korean cus
toms with those of the advanced na
tions. "I was just fourteen years old, and
as I hud been raised with the idea that
my father would select a desirable per
son I peeped at the bridegroom with
approval. Suppose I had not liked his
looks and refused to marry him? Oh,
such a thing could not have been. A
Korean girl would not dare why, she
would not even think of such an act of
rebellion. There's no 'sweet pea' girl
hood in my country. When a girl of
the better class readies her seventh
year, she goes into seclusion and is
pusecl and'under restraint until she Is
fourteen. Then she is married. After
that she may visit friends, but she is
not permitted to speak with a man.
"There is no social Intercourse be
tween men and women. The men have
most of their life with men and the
women theirs with women. It will be
a telling step in the advancement of
my country when social conditions are
modernized. One of the old customs of
the capital, Seoul, has been abolished,
and this indicates progress along the
right line. This custom forbade men
on the streets after sunset. From that
time until o o'clock women were al
lowed the freedom of the town to walk
or visit. Death was the penalty for a
man who broke this law. The women.
attended by their wards, went in par
ties, and every one carried a pretty lan
tern. Those hours were selected so that
the promenading of the women should
not interfere with the business life of
"Unlike the other oriental women,
the Korean after marriage has a dis
tinct place in the household and a
voice In all matters pertaining to her
family. She must be consulted, and
her views carry weight with the hus
band. She Is an important factor In
the home life, but in the community
she Is a nonentity.
"Strange as it may seem, the Korean
woman has no name of her own. Here
I am called Mine. Chang, and I like
that and wish I might always be ad
dressed by my husband's name. At
home I am Kenug Siti Omanie. That
means 'mother of Kenug Sin.' my child.
If I had no offspring. I would have no
name. A girl Is sometimes given a nick
name when a baby, but this is dropped
when she is married. My baby naine
was Loving Bough.
"ThdW-itest social innovation is the
family meal. Formerly the men and
women never nte topether. The wife
and daughters had their meals togeth
er, and the father ate with the sons.
All who have adopted the new way of
having family breakfasts and dinners
find it so delightful that I think after
awhile it will be universal.
"Korea is npt as stubborn as China,
and I believe in time she will yield and
become modernized. Christianity has
takeu a tremendous hold on the people,
who are eager to adopt the new cus
toms along with the new religion.
"I do not know how long I shall re
main In this country. Likely several
years, for I wish to prepare myself as
a teacher and do what I can for the
enlightenment of the women of Korea.
Of course I cannot go around teaching,
but I may open and superintend
schools. I intend to instruct the women
of my class in my own home.
I used to be a pagan, and very
faithfully did I worship the devil. It
was all a mistake. I shall endeavor to
persuade my countrywomen to look up
instead of down for spiritual inspira
Tall Grass From Kansas.
irrigation Bill" .Ketder of Kansas, I
who hails rrom the surc grass couu
try, brought with him to Washington
a single blade of grass twenty-eight
feet long, which was raised by irriga
tion, says the New York World. The
blade of grass will be placed in the
AmusinK Anecdotes ot the limoni
One of the best of the late Colonel
Tom Ochiltree's stories wus on him
self, and he enjoyed It as much, as did
the thousands of friends to whom he
told it, says the New York Commercial
Advertiser. While the colonel was a
representative in congress from the
state of Texas and was returning hom
from Washington he observed a large
crowd at the station when his train
stopped. At once he stepped, out on
the platform and began thus:
"Gentlemen, I thank you for this
"Welcome! Thunder;" a constituent
Interrupted. "Henry Bii-on has just
committed suicide in the. nation."
There is another storv of an inter
rupted sieech that Celoiicl Ochiltrve
used to tell on himself .sunctimos. It
happened when he was .a guest of the
Clover club in Philadelphia. Colonel
Ochiltree arose at tlv; proper post
prandial moment and launched forth as
"Gentlemen, I am pleased"
"What a liar you are, Tom!" shouted
a man in a distant corner.
Colonel Ochiltree paused and looked
"Don't stop, colonel," shouted anoth
er man. "Go ahead and tell another
The readiness of tlie colonel's wit is
well illustrated by the following anec
dote: "Is It really true, Colonel Ochiltree,
as people say, that you are the greatest
liar in.the world?" Mrs. George Alfred
Townsend asked once.
The colonel was not disarmed by this
somewhat audacious sully, but replied
"No, madam. There1 are three great
est liars in the world.1 I am one of
them, and your husband is the other
FINE WINDOW FOR SKIBO.
Carnegie's Own History and That of
Ca.itle Pictured In GInns.
A huge stained gLiss window for
Skibo castle, Andrew Carnegie's place
in Scotland, has just tern finished at
the Royal College of Art, says a Lon
don cable dispatch to the New York
Evening Journal. It s composed of
fifty lights. In the center is a figure
of St. Gilbert, who made Skibo his pal
ace in the year 1235. To the left rcp-
rc,semts Sigurd and tuoilate when
he built the castle. 'i the right ap
pears the Duke of Modirose, who was
entrapped In the castle in Hi50.
The figures are flanked by views of
Skilto castle and the cottage in which
Mr. Carnegie was born. Above the cot
tage is a picture of a s.iiliug vessel in
which Mr. Carnegie, as a penniles
boy. took passage to the United States,
while Itelow is a repres- ntation of the
great liner which brought him back to
Scotland after he bad made his vast
fortune. The window was designed
by Professor Gerald Moa.
SCHWAB'S $10,000 PIANO.
Costly Instrument Bflua; Hade For
the Steel Manufacturer.
There is being finished in a Roxbury
factory one of the mostfoxpensive and
elaborate pianos ever constructed in
the United States for Charles M.
Schwab, the steel magnate, says a Bos
ton special to the Neif York Times.
The price is $10,000, the highest ever
paid for a piano by an American.
The Schwab piano is a marvelous
creation of mechanical nnd artistic
forces. It is a middle sized grand of
Ijouis XVI. design. The case is gilded
throughout nnd ornately decorated
with leaves and foliagf; of Watteau
pattern. It Is S feet 7 Inches long, 5
feet 2 Inches extreme width and weighs
1150 pounds. ' -y
Indian Readwork Revived.
The Catholic Indian fctssociiition of
Canada is making amusements to re
vive the bend industry among the
Caughnawaga Indians, jays the New
York Tribune. The wfctneii will be
taught to adapt their - ancient skill,
which they are in greatt danger of los
ing, to modern uses, 8udb as the mak
ing of belts, purses, Cardcases, etc.,
and it Is believed that tlu'ir handicraft
will fiud a ready sale. The Caughna
wagas are a peculiarly Interesting ioo
ple nnd are known In early Canadian
history ns the "praying Indians." Their
lives were compared at 'that time to
those of the primitive Christians, and
among them lived the famous Indian
saint Katerl Tekakwitha.
A Hawaiian" Christinas.
Before the missionaries and the
American settlers went; to Hawaii the
natives knew nothing about Christmas,
but now they all celebrate the day and
do it, of course, in the same way as
the Americans who liverhere, says the
St. Nicholas. The main difference be
tween Christmas in Honolulu and
Christmas in New York is that in Hon
olulu in December the weather is like
June in New York. Bifds are warbling
in the leafy trees; gardens are overflow
ing with roses and carnations. In the
morning people go to church, and dur
ing the day there are siorts and games
and merrymaking of all . sorts. The
Christmas dinner is eaten out of doors
In the shade of the veranda, and ev
erybody is happy and contented. M
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
Advantages of New System Ex
plained by Professor Reeve.
TO THINK IN DOZENS THE KEYNOTE
All Numbers Are to Be Handled Duo
declmally Rffect of the Chang-e on
Our Currency Some Interesting;
Xew Xante Compiled For the Duo
A new system of weights and meas
ures, somewhat similar to the duodeci
mal system proposed several years ago
and almost forgotten and having many
advantages, its author declares, over
the metric system now before congress,
was suggested by Sidney A. Reeve, pro
fessor of mechanical engineering in the
Worcester (Mass.) Polytechnic insti
tute, before the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers the other night,
6ays the New York Times. The meet
ing, the first of the forty-sixth annual
session of the society, was held in the
rooms of the organization at New York.
"Think in dozens!" is the keynote of
Professor Reeve's suggestion. All num
bers in the system he believes he has
almost perfected are to be handled duo
decimal ly. The mechanical engineers
who were his auditors could under
stand his plan perfectly, and they dis
cussed it volubly, Imt to the layman it
appears somewhat intricate. In order
that the public might understand the
proposed change Professor Reeve gave
this explanation of it:
"It consists of taking as a standard
the English yard, which is the stand
ard of length of all English speaking
peoples, and treating that exactly as
the meter is treated in the metric sys
tem, except that the divisions are on
the duodecimal system to suit the duo
decimal numbers instead of the decimal
system to suit the decimal numbers.
This results in small units of length
which are exactly equal to those now
in use in the machine shops; also in a
unit of volume corresponding to the
meter, which is practically equal to the
existing pint. This new pint, which is
a cube measuring throe inches on each
edge, when filled with distilled water
weighs within 2!j per cent of the pres
ent standard pound.
"In further instance, the standard
yard multiplied by 'HHtO.. (which is the
duodecimal expression for 172S deci
mal) very closely equals the statute
mile. In short, the new system of
units, which is as 'beautifully core
lated" as are the measures of the met
ric svstem bv means ot on1 and ci
phers. present no appreciable altera
tion from existing standards."
Speaking of the effect the change
would have on money. Professor Reeve
said that if the arithmetical notation
and the standard of weights and mens
ures unite in becoming purely duodeei
mal in character the monetary system
is bound to follow. This proposition.
he declared, would not be so revolu
tionary as would appear at first sight
The standard of value, the dollar, and
all its unit representations would re
"All bills of $5 or higher denomina
tions would naturally be called in and
their equivalent issued in denomina
tions of three, six. dozen, gross dol
lars, etc. But this process could be as
gradual as desired. Under duodecimal
notation five and ten dollar bills would
lo inconvenient, but they would be
"As to coins," continued Professor
Reeve, "the half dollar and quarter
dollar would remain unchanged. The
dime, nickel and the cent would have
to be retired. Iu their place would be
issued fractional currency under th
1 dollar 10 bits (one dozen bits of S 1-3
cents value each.
1 bit 10 srroatH
1 proat 10 profs (for purposes where
th mill is now used).
The probable coins would bo:
Silver half dollar ( 50 cents)
Silver quarter 0
cents 3 bits SO
Silver bit ( 8 1-3 cents) 1 bit . 10
Nickel half bit ( 4 1-6 cents) 6 groats.
Copper quarter bit piece ( 2 1-12 cents)
Copper groat ( 0.T0S3 cents).
"Change for a quarter," explained
Professor Reeve, "could ordinarily be
had in a single convenient denomina
tion that Is, in three silver bits
whereas now it requires two denomina
tions, dimes and nickels, to make it.
The practical objections to relying up
on nickels alone for changing quarters
are obvious. The progress of business
toward finer margins ami lower prices
is steadily luaking the cent too large
for many retail transactions. The small
er value of the groat harmonizes with
The duodecimal system, as proposed
by Professor Reeve, necessitates the In
troduction of two new numbers. They
are inserted by him between the 9 and
the 10. The first is a peculiar looking
combination of the figure 1 nud the 0
and is called the dek; the second is like
an inverted 3 and is called an eln.
Thus when our decimal 10 is reached
it signifies a dozen. Professor Reeve
has- compiled some interesting new
naroea for his duodecimal numbers.
such as "dozone" (thirteen), "fitze" (five
dozen), "twodz-nine" (two dozen and
nine), etc. This, of course, brings in
the use of the dek and eln. and he has
"dedz" (dek dozen), etc.
Hornets Nests In Demand.
Postmaster Cox of Delaware. O., re
reutiy receiyed from. New York tin of-
fer of $1 eacli for uorneis" nests, says
the New York World. He sent two,
and, as he received his pay promptly,
it is probable that the- boys of Dela
ware will soon flood the New York
market. It Is not known what use is
being made of the nests.
NEW THORNLESS PINEAPPLE
Latest Scientific Product of the As
A pineless pineapple is the latest
achievement of agricultural experi
ment. Heretofore, with the exception
of a few scattered specimens bearing
inferior fruit, all pineapple plants have
had spiked loaves. One can easily re
alize the difficulties of the planter by
imagining a field of cornstalks covered
with sharp pointed needles. The de
partment has obtained the new variety
by crossing the unmarketable, smooth
leafed class with the typical spiny
pineapple of superior flavor, says the
Washington Post. Although the prod
uct has been tested and pronounced
successful by experts, it is not yet
ready for distribution, as a new branch
of a plant family is not considen-d es
tablished until the sM-ond or third gen
eration. However, a new generation
Is already springing up. and Its mem
bers are curious to behold. In some
instances the offspring have persistent
ancestral traits sticking out at the end
of the leaf or along its sides, while
others are worthy examples of the
head of the new house.
The United States station at Miami,
Fla., has been sent one of this assort
ment, as the largest plantations are
situated In that locality.
BRITISH BIRDS DYING OUT.
Many Extinct In Places. Where They
Every bird has its day apparently,
and the day of several birds once com
mon enough in England seems to have
arrived, says the London Tatler. "For
instance, the fat bustard is now practi
cally extinct. This bird much resem
bles a fat Christmas turkey ami at one
time was easily enough found. Now
there are many naturalists who would
give .S0 for one. The golden eagle is
another beautiful bird that has become
very rare in the country. In desolate
parts of Ireland and Scotland it is still
to be met with occasionally, but the
young gamins iu these parts are ever
on the lookout for the eggs of the bird
and usually know where to find them,
with the result that the beautiful bird
Is becoming scarcer every year.
The raven is also rapidly dying out
of existence, as is also the goldfinch.
Bird snaring and nest robbing are
largely accountable for the disappear
ance of many beautiful British birds.
Number Seventeen. Made on Spe
cial Lunts, For a. Nearo.
A Boston special to the New York
Times says that a pair of shoes was
shipped recently from Rockland. Mass.,
which are s.-.id to be the largest shoes
ever manufactured for actual wear.
They are 17 size and F. F. width. Thus
they are altout fifteen inches long.
Four common shoe boxes were required
for packing them, two for each shoe.
They were for a colored man. Harvey
Murray, who works in a sawmill in
Tirrell. Ark. A special pair of lasts
had to be made. It took an entire skin
of patent kid for the vamps and about
all that was good In a side of Bole
leather for the soles. -
A Novel Challenge.
Something novel in the way of a chal
lenge has been issued by M. Bilmunaud,
who is fifty years of age, through the
Auto-velo, says a Paris cable dispatch
to the New York Herald. He has de
posited 2,500 francs and offers to com
pete with any one in the world in box
ing, fencing, running, walking, rowing,
jumping, cycling, .throwing a ball, ten
nis, pingpong, swimming, driving, skat
ing, writing, drawing, billiards, chess,
draughts, bagatelle, the imitation of
animal voices and fifty other things,
lie now awaits covering stakes.
Air Injections For Nenrnla-la.
A new cure for neuralgia is said to
have been devised by Dr. Cordier, a
surgeon of Lyons. It consists of the
injection of air into the painful area
so that it is blown up in the form of a
ball. This ball is then thoroughly
massaged, so as to spread the air about
under the skin. This stretches and
massages the fine nervous network of
the tissue and thus, according to Dr.
Cordier, relieves the pain. He claims
to have had but two failures in twenty-five
The forthcoming delimitation of the
Franco-British frontier between the
Niger and Lake Tchad will certainly
be a delicate task. It would be a great
mistake, says the Paris Fetit Farlslen,
to suppose that the European powers
oan safely pursue a policy of pin pricks
in central Africa. They are all ex
posed to the dangers arising from Mus
sulman fanaticism, and they must re
main In agreement if they desire to be
Remedy For Smoke Nuisance.
A newly discovered remedy for the
smoke nuisance that is attracting some
attention in England is the injection
into the furnace of minute quantities
of nitrate of soda (in solution) with
sufficient air to insure combustion of
the gases. In addition to the disap
pearance of smoke, there is said to be
an Increased efficiency of combustion
to the amount of 20 per cent. The cost
of this device Is figured at from C to 8
cents per ton of coaI burned. .
POWER FROM THE SUM
Value of a Huge Solar Motor
SMALL SAWMILL OPERATED BY IT
Snccessful Tests of the Gigantic Ap
paratus, Which Focuses the Sun'at
Rays nud Thus Produces Power.
Some Interesting; Features of the
A huge solar motor recently finished
and now in operation is attracting an
immense amount of attention at Hyde
Park, near Boston, says the New York:
Herald. The motor, which looms up in
the distance like a Ferris wheel on a
reduced scale, has been in actual work
ing order for several weeks, and, by,
means of the powerful heat rays re
flected from its great battery of flash
ing mirrors its builders have been en
abled to generate sufficient steam to
operate a small sawmill.
Since the coal famine wood has un
doubtedly been sawed in this part of
the country in many different ways,
but this is the first time such a feat
has ever been accomplished through
the indirect action of the sun.
The motor consists of an immense
concave reflector, mounted on two tow
ers of iron, the rear one about thirty
six feet from the ground and the front
one about eight. The top rim of the
reflector itself is about forty-five feet
above the ground and has a diameter of
thirty-six feet on the outside and nar
rows to a diameter of IS feet 5 inches
on the inside or bottom.
It is lined with 300 mirrors made by
a German process and backed with
wire netting and cloth. These mirrors
are arrangd in six horizontal rows,
and the rays of the sun are reflected
by them uion a large boiler, supported
in the center of the reflector.
This lxtilcr has a capacity of about
ninety gallons, is fed by an automatic
pump and is tested to 2i0 pounds to
the square Inch. It weighs about eight
tons and is of peculiar construction,
the lower part being composed of a
scries of three copper coils'; upon which
the heat rays concentrate. To prevent
radiation and protect them from the
action of the wind these coils are vox-'
ered by an isinglass jacket. It is so
arranged that the influence of the six
rows of mirrors is evidently distributed
among the coils, two rows concentrat
ing upon each of them.
In a recent test made upon a bright
day, which was not, however, especial
ly warm, the 1.2(H) square feet of mir
rors when squarely exjmsed to the ac
tion of the sun produced an intensity of
heat equal to 1,202 decrees Fahrenheit
and caused the boiler to blow off at
Those in charge of the construct ion
of this powerful natural heat collector
are confident that even a greater de
gree of caloric can be generated. The
depth of the reflector from top to lxt
tom Is about ten feet. Steel wire
bra.ces and steel spokes span it in a
sort of network to keep it firm.
One of the most interesting features
of the machine is the automatic elec
tric clockwork, which keeps the re
flector continually in foctis with the
sun. This automatic scheme works on
about the same principle that keeps
many of the large telescopes in focus.
The building of this solar motor was
started last June, and now that it ha
been tried out and proved a success It
is soon to be sent away to California,
and work has already been started up
on several others.
To J. M. Bruns of Canton, who has
had charge of the construction of tho
mirror, is due much credit, and he is
very well pleased with the results. The
one now at Hyde Park is about fifteen
horsepower, which can be generated at
practically no expense save that of at
tendance. Water for steam is cheap,
and Old Sol does the rest.
A New Vse For an Aatomohlle.
. In Santa Rosa a new use has been
found for an automobile, says the San
Francisco Chronicle. Alex Sf -helling,
proprietor of a foundry and machine
shop, was compelled to use his lathe
all day a short time ago. as his gas
engine was dismembered and undergo
ing repairs. The work was in great
haste, and the engine could not be re
paired for several days, so Schelling
brought in his automobile, choked the
wheels with blocks of wood, detached
the endless chain which propels tho
wheels and started the machinery t
going. A belt was run from the auto
mobile to an overhead shaft. The au
tomobile was kept running constantly
during the day. It has a six horsepow
er engine in it, which is capable o?
pulling all the machinery in a first
class machine shop.
Another Novel Fire Fna-ine.
The chief of the fire department in
Rouen, Franco, has invented a Are;
pump which can be operated by tain!
ping the current of any street car orj
electric light system. The pump Isj
small enough to be drawu easily by onej
horse In a light, two wheeled cart, but)
sufficiently powerful to throw a stream
of water 100 feet high. In a trial thei
new pump developed its full energy iUi
three minutes, while a steam pump re
quired fourteen minutes to get op thel
A Football Player's Wives.
There are two football teams In Salt
Lake City. A member of one of the
teams had three wives watching his
play at a recent contest. He played a
great game. . . ..