Newspaper Page Text
VOIi. MI. NO. 214,
FROM THE FLOOD LAUDS
Telegrapher Describes Incident
of Oregon Cloudburst.
HEPPNEE A VEBITABLE TRAP.
vnaries A. Taylor Sajg the Town
That Wai Swtpt Away Lay in
1'oclcet In the Mountalnn Kanaaa
' Flood Drove Rabbit Into Railroad
Cars, and raitensen Thai Secured
F. G. Hart, the telegraph operator
for the Oregon Railway and Naviga
tion company at Heppner, recently
wrote for the New York World and
Bent by wire an account of a tragic mo
ment in the flood in which he had a
miraculous escape from death, taking
With him four children. James Ker
tian, the station agent, and his wife.
whose daughter (Katie) Hart had -with
him, would have escaped also had not
Kernan stopped to call Portland in an
effort to Inform the outside world that
Heppner was being overwhelmed with
waters. Here Is the account from Mr.
Hart, dated Lexington, Ore.:
"I was working in the Oregon Rail
way and Navigation company's office
at the time that the flood was coming
down upon us. I was writing a letter
to my parents, who live in Hilgard,
Ore. I noticed that it was raining very
hard, and, in company with Mr. Ker
nan, the station agent, his wife and his
fifteen-year-old daughter, watched the
creek. We did not realize that It was
rising so fast until we heard a terrific
roar. Then I called the attention of
Mr. and Mrs. Kernan to the flood
which was coming, with the water roll
ing over and over, picking up and
crushing houses, as though they were
eggshells. I cried: 'My God! Isn't
that awful? Come, let us run for the
"I took hold of the little daughter's
hand and those of three other little
children that ran into the station be
fore I started. I rushed for the hills,
Mr. Kernan and his wife following.
Only by the help of Divine Providence
did I succeed in getting the four chil
dren out on high ground, and as I gain
ed the higher ground I turned to look
and see how the best friend I ever had
on earth was making It. The rapidly
rising waters had caught him and his
wife, and they were drowned before
my very eyes. Neither tongue nor pen
can describe the scene, and it seems be
yond human minds to Imagine the
Heppner, Ore., as described by
Charles A. Taylor, the playwright, was
a veritable trap for such a flood as the
one which recently brought death to
a large number of its population. Mr,
Taylor has several friends there, and
believes that many of them were vic
tims of the cloudburst.
"The first time I went to Heppner,'
he said to a New York Evening Journal
reporter, "was In November, 1901. The
town was twenty-six miles from the
main line and the trip there was Blow
and tedious. The railroad ran along
Willow creek, which was a strong
mountain stream in a deep valley.
"My company was the first that had
been to Heppner In three years, and I
never saw people so glad to see actors,
There was no room for us in the
small but well equipped hotel, but the
landlord turned out enough guests to
make us comfortable. We were
treated royally on all sides and noth
ing seemed too good for us.
"The very thought of going to see
a play seemed to thrill them, and that
night the little opera house,, which was
used for charitable entertainments al
most entirely, was packed to the doors.
The same thing was true the next
night, and Mr. Crawford, proprietor of
the hotel, told me that every man,
woman and child in the city who whb
not ill had seen the show.
"The wealth of the town was re
markable. There did not seem to be
any poor people there. They seemed
perfectly satisfied with one another and
were willing to let the world outside
progress without their aid. The hotel
was about the only building in town
that was up to date. The rest of the
houses were built along the main
street, backing on the creek.
"The town was in a pocket In the
mountains. On every side were high
hills, sloping down .to the houses and
being drained into the creek which
proved so much too small when the
cloudburst came on Sunday (June 14).
The creek is like a raging torrent all
the time. It runs into the Columbia
river just above the falls and a few
miles below Heppner."
Elliot G. Houston of the Denver
Record Stockman, had an uncomfort
able experience In traveling through
the water belt of Kansas during the
recent floods on his way to his old
home at Louisville, Ky., says the Den
ver Post. With forty-eight other pas
sengers he was -water bound for six
days on a Missouri Pacific train four
miles from Bridgeport, Kan. It was
impossible either to move the train for
ward or to go back, and in a short
time the food supply was exhausted
end the male passengers rustled eat
ables among the farmers of the neigh
borhood. "We exhausted , the food the first
day," said Mr. Houston. "At the start
we were told that we could have but
two meals instead of three meals a
l3ay.. Every, semblance , of food ...was
quickly gone, and then it became nec
essary for the male passengers to get
something to eat The farmhouses
saved us. Several of us got boats and
rowed from house to house each day.
and in this way secured food sufficient
for at least one meal a day. One
means of securing food seemed to be
furnished by Providence. The water
drove poor little rabbits up under the
very wheels of the cars. As the water
crept higher the rabbits actually got
on top of the wheels. Every morning
it was easy to collect as many rabbits
as we could eat. That saerus remark
able, but It was really a fact."
A reporter for the Kansas City Jour
nal at Topeka finds that 312 pianos
were destroyed In the North Topeka
flood. If these instruments had an
average value of $300 the total would
amount to $93,G00. One thing is cer
tain, not a single piano which passed
through the flood will ever be used
again. Pianos are commonly regarded
as of strong and substantial construc
tion. To look at those which passed
through the Topeka flood one woult".
conclude that they were as fragile as
a house of cards. Their woodwork is
welled, bulged and split. Their veneer
ing has peeled off like paper , from a
wet wall. Their Internals are warped
and twisted out of all semblance to an
orderly machine. They have been
thrown out In the streets, without an
exception, to be hauled away with oth
MOTOR CAR SPEEDWAY.
How the lOO Mile Track on Long In
land Will Be Built.
General Roy Stone, who, backed by
the leading automobile manufacturers
and clubs of America, has developed
an elaborate plan for an automobile
speedway on Ixing Island, is a veteran
of two wars and for several years was
the head of the good roads bureau in
the agricultural department.
General Stone believes that special
roaas lor the use or automobiles are
necessary and that without them the
sport and industry can never attain
proper development. The speedway as
planned by General Stone will start
from the eastern end of the Black-
: r 'H .
GEKEBAI. ROY STONE TK HIS AUTO.
well's island bridge, in Long Island
City, the road at this end being sunken
and inclosed so as to allow full speed
from the outset. It will continue in
an easterly direction, keeping the mid
dle line of the island until Montauk
Foint, about 113 miles away, is reach
ed. This location, it is believed, will se
cure a perfect alignment, easy grades
and cheap construction, while it would
serve for branching roads north aud
south should the need for them arise.
According to calculations, the system
would be more than self supporting.
The motorway as planned will be
constructed with a double track of
steel plates, each track about five feet
between centers, with ten feet space
between the tracks and the same out
side, making the whole roadway forty
feet wide. Outside this will be hedges
and a wire netting fence to keep out
animals and beyond the fence a row
of trees on each side.
'All highways are to be carried over
the motorway by raising them five
feet and sinking the motorway to the
same extent. The entrance to the speed
way will be by gates from the impor
tant highways, and these will be toll-
gates, for all who use it must pay for
the privilege. Between midnight and
morning the road will be open to
freight motors for farm and garden
service entering New York city. When
it Is desired to use the speedway for
races all cars but the contestants will
be excluded. The cost of the road will
be about $15,000 per mile.
General Stone is an old soldier and
won honor as the leader of the famous
brigade of Pennsylvania ISucktails,
which he raised. At Gettysburg he
was wounded and lay two days on the
field. During the Spanish war he led
the scouts in Porto Rico. .
World's Highest Canal LocU. .
The lock to be placed in the Danube-
Oder canal will be 131 feet high and
the highest in the world. The Aus
trian minister of commerce has offered
prizes of 100,000, 75,000 and 50,000
crowns for the best plans for it.
The shortest life is long enouch if it
lead to a better, and the longest life is
too 6hort if it do not Col ton.
W A ft
KOCK ISLAND, IM,., SATURDAY,
CURBING THE TRUSTS
The Republican and the Demo
cratic Way of Doing It.
THE INOEEASED COST OF LIVINQ.
It Brines Every One to a Realisation
of the Extortions of the Combines.'
Revision of the Tariff the Only
Hope For Relief From High Prices.
Every one may be said to agrcetbat
the trusts and combines are against
the public interests, but there is a
strong difference of opinion about the
remedy. President .Roosevelt thinks
that publicity will cure the evil, but
we already have a full exposure of
some of the trusts and it has no effect
on their exactions
Publicity may stop
some speculator or investor from buy
ing trust stocks, or it may, by the good
showing made, induce investments in
that quarter. But what advantage Is
it to the ordinary citizen to know how.
much a trust is earning, how much its
plant cost or how many men it em
ploys and the wages It pays them?
Congress, at the instance of the presi
dent, has charged the new department
of commerce and labor with the Inves
tigation of the trusts, and if the presi
dent deems it to the public advantage
he may publish the result of the inves
tigation of that department. But It is
hardly necessary to say that ho trust
will stop charging all it can possibly.
make the publie pay for its products
by the publication of its condition or
the amount of Its profits. The 'whole
question of the trusts that interests
the public Is the extortionate prices
that the trusts and combinations are
charging and how they can be com
pelled to charge reasonable prices. The
Democrats show very clearly that
nearly every trust is protected by the
present tariff law and that if the tariff
was abolished on trust articles the
fear of competition of foreign goods
would compel the trusts to lower their
prices to about the same rate as the
tariff protects them. The protection
under the Dingloy law is from 40 to
100 per cent aud if these tariff taxes
were abolished, or even reduced, prices
would fall accordingly. President
Roosevelt denies that tariff protection
has any connection with trust exac
tions, but he used to think differently".
and it is very plain that he took this
ground because the great majority of
the party leaders have declared for it
and to take the side of tariff revision
would have endangered his chances
(w o .rouoimnatkm. . It, was shown to
him that to attempt to revise the tariff
would lead to a fuiPdiscussion of the
subjdet and so many interests would
demand that their particular industry
required free raw materials that a gen
eral revision of the whole tariff would
be necessary. It was also stated that
to revise the tariff when business was
good would result in disturbing the
present prosperity aud bring on a
There never has been and probably
never will be a monopoly that is rnak
ing vast protits that will not declare
that the heavens will fall if they are
So, until a panic and hard times
come, lr I'rcsident Roosevelt and the
Republican politicians have their way.
the trusts have the full privilege to
A cheerful outlook is this for the
man of small means, be he store
keeper, farmer, mechanic or laborer.
No relief from trust prices until hard
times come or the Republican poli
ticians become angels.
BIGGEST SHIPS AFLOAT.
Palatial Liners to Be Built by Eng
lish and German Companies.
Ocean steamers greater than the
Cedric or the Celtic of the White Star
line, now the largest vessels afloat, are
planned by the Hamburg-American
and the Cunard lines, says the New
York Tress. Neither boat Is intended
for record breaking. The Cunard liner
will make the run from the Irish coast
to New York in seven and a half days
and the Hamburg craft will have a
speed of about seventeen aud a half
knots. It is in preparation for the ac
commodation of these and similar ves
sels that the New York dock depart
ment has asked the permission of the
war department to build piers at least
1,000 feet long in the North river. The
proposed boats could not be docked
unless the line is extended.
The Cedric and the Celtic are 700 feet
long. 75 feet wide and 49 1-3 feet deep.
The new Hamburg-American liner will
be 725 feet long, 77 feet wide and 50
feet deep, and have a mean speed of
seventeen and one-half knots, as
against sixteen for the White Star
liners. The Cunard vessel will have
about the same measurements and
speed. The German craft will be able
to carry twice as many guests as the
Waldorf-Astoria holds and will have
three promenade decks, one a roof
garden; fifty baths, a gymnasium,
three smoking rooms, two libraries and
two parlors for women.
COLD STORAGE OF FRUITS.
Interesting Results of Experiments
by Department of Agriculture.
W. II. Ragan, the special agent of the
department of agriculture In charge
of the experiments in the cold storage
of fruits, reports on the progress of the
last year that some prevalent opinions
have not been borne out by. the invesu-
gatlons, says the "New York Post's
Washington correspondent. The im
pression, for instance, that cold storage
fruit decays quickly after exposure to
outside conditions has not proved true
when the fruit was stored in proper
condition and maintained in a low tern
perature, say 32 degrees. If the stor
age temperature is much higher than
this the process of ripening goes on,
and when the fruit is brought out it
soon spoils. Even well colored yet still
hard peaches, when placed in cold stor
age at a temperature of 32 degrees im
mediately after being taken from the
trees, came out after four weeks -in
fairly good marketable condition and
remained so for a period of four days
Imperfect and poorly colored spec!
mens, however, soon railed on ex
The temperature of a cold storage
warehouse, he adds, should be uniform
throughout. The fruit should be placed
in it immediately after being taken
from the tree. A delay of a few hours
or a few days, especially in hot weath
er, will result in serious loss. Pears
should be picked at early maturity, but
apples keep best when well matured
and colored on the tree, but still hard
Small packages, say about fifty pounds,
are better than lurger ones. This is
especially true of pears. The veutila
tlou of barrels and large.packages is
essential to the uuick ripening fruits
Wrapping .prolongs the keeping of
fruit, double wrappers Being better
than single ones. The inier wrapper
may be made of porous paper, like un
priuted news paper, the outer of paraf
IDEOGRAPHIC FIGURES. "
I.eaiton In IZiiKliah That Was
Taught by a Chinaman.
That we have, partially fadopted the
Chinese method "tn our written lan
guage was a new thought to me and
one that I got from the proprietor of a
Park avenue laundry when, in the nat
ural Caucasian fashion, I referred to
his, written language as being very in
"John," I said, "why do your people
use those chicken tracks lnsteau or
having an alphabet, as we have?"
"A B C too much trouble," he an
swered quickly. "Why, you use chick
en tracks, too. sometimes."
"We don't use them." I replied.
"Yes; you use them very good. I
show you." Then he dipped his con
venient brush in the Ink aud made the
number "Si)" on a sheet of brown pa
per. "That name of street over there.
he continued, pointing. "You say
'eighty-nine;' you don't write it with
'A P. C That Chinee. One mark Is
one thing you say 'idea;' j'es, iilea.
You don't put down 'n-i-n-e' "and here
Li Ucusli came Into use again "you
put down l).' That's very good Chinee.
We do that all the time."
"That Is Ideographic," I suggested.
"Yes, English have much ideograph
ic. All figures ideographic. See!" And
again he used his brush. "You make
4 ' and ,' and you say 'minus,' 'plus.'
You don't spell with 'A B C That is a
mark for idea Ideographic. You make
'M and say 'thousand.' That Chinese
way. Very gottd. I say, 'How hot?'
and you write 4S7V All Chinese.
No 'A B C no many letters, only
marks and ideas.
"Fine way. English know some fine
Chinese ways. See! '$,' You know
them. Ideas! You say ideographic.
You make many Chinese marks marks
for stars, for plants, for measures, for
weights and signs for hundred and
hundred ninny things; same as Chi
nese. Good!" j
I actually left that latfjndry wiser
than I entered It. New York Herald.
When Reptiles Inhabited4, the Knrth.
At different epochs during the time
known as the secondary period the sur
face of the earth seems to have been
so predominantly peopled with reptile
life that it has been called '"the age
of reptiles." The huge Jguanodous
stalked or leaped about In the wealds
of Sussex and Hampshire. Of these
Iguanodons marvelously complete skel
etons are to be seen (mounted in atti
tudes of life) in the Royal museum of
Brussels a sight in itself sufficient to
Induce a visit to that capital. Other
smaller reptiles browsed on the foliage
of the then existing plains aud were
pursued and preyed upon by fell rep
tilian monsters of various kinds. The
sea also swarmed with reptiles (ich
thyosauri) as aquatic as the whales
and dolphins of our own day. And not
only were the earth and seas thus peo
pled, but there were flying" reptiles of
different kinds and sizes,' known as
In using the word "blunderbuss" wo
unconsciously Imply a sense of dis
paragement for the shooting powers
of our forefathers contracted with the
precision of the modern rifle. The
word itself has, however, a terrible
enough meaning and disdains all con
nection with "blunder." "Blunder
buss," in fact, as we have it, Is a
strange corruption perhaps not alto
gether untlnfjed with the sense and
sound of "blunder" of the old Dutch
word "donderbuss," which can be liter
acy translated Into the English, "thun
der box" or "thunder barrel."
The Afec of the Harp.
The harp, which was suggested by
the lute, is ascribed to Jubal, 3873
B. C, and was King David's favorite
instrument. The harp was used by
the Welsh and Saxons, and also by
the ancient peoples of Ireland. One
of the oldest harps in existence is in
the Dublin College museum, and orig
inally belonged to Brian Eoroihme,
king of Ireland..
JUNE -547, 1903.
AS TO TARIFF REFORM
Slim Chance That Incoming;
Congress Will Do Anything.
LOOKS LIKE BETRAYAL OF VOTEES
Opportunity For Republicans to Re
deem Tariff Revision Promises.
Only Fourteen Votes reded to
Turn the Scales and Place Trust
Prodacti on the Free List.
The Republicans are getting together
on the tariff and the reformers in Iowa
and elsewhere have succumbed to the
threats of the protectionists that they
would find themselves outside of the
Republican ramparts if they persisted
in their efforts to change even one
schedule of the Dingley law. The de
luded voters in Iowa, Wisconsin and
elsewhere who last fall elected the
Republican candidates for congress on
their promise and that of Mr. Bab
cock, the chairman of the Republican
congressional committee, that "the in
coming congress was charged with the
duty of revising the tariff," are left in
the lurch. There are those who believe
Mr. Babcock was never sincere in his
promises to reform those tariff sched
ules that shelter the trusts, but there
are other Republican congressmen who
made similar promises who are credit
ed with a desire to redeem them. How
can they do so? . The majority of the
Republican members of the next con
gress, that will soon meet, are deter
mined "stand patters" and are pledged
to not change a letter of the sacred
There is only one way open to those
Republican members of cougress who
really desire tariff .reform, and that is
to Join the Democrats in demanding it
To be successful in this there must be
fourteen Republicans willing to join
such a coalition, for the trust party
has twenty-seven majority in con
gress. It is hardly likely tuat iouneen
independent Republicans can be found
who will so vote. Judging by the past,
Mr. Babcock certainly will not do so.
A bill to place trust productions on the
free list will be introduced in the in
coming congress and an opportunity
will be thus Riven the supposed re
formers to curb the exorbitant trust
The rules that the Republican ma
jority in congress will again adopt are
Intended to prevent any vote being
taken on a bill that the leaders do not
approve. The power given the speaker
Is so autocratic that he can refuse to
recognize any member, to call up a bill
or offer an amendment to one that does
not suit the Republican leaders. But
fourteen Republicans can change the
rules if thev vote with the Democrats.
Nearly every western state is repre
sented by one or more congressmen
who promised the voters of their dis
tricts to vote for tariff reform, but they
will need a good deal of spurring by
the voters to uiake them keep their
word. There are two or three Massa
chusetts congressmen who are ready to
vote for free raw materials and one of
them, Mr. Loverlng. will urge the pas
sage of his drawback bill, which is In
fact a modification of the tariff. If a
tariff bill of any kind can be brought
up for consideration the Democrats
can propose an amendment to place
trust productions on the free list and
every member of the house will have
to go on record by a yea and nay vote.
That proposition will be defeated in
all probability and the Democrats can
then present the matter to the jury of
all the voters of the United States at
the presidential election.
WORLD'S FAIR MUSIC.
Special Instrument to lie Built For
Orican Recitals at St. Louis.
Preparations upon a large scale are
being made for the music which Is to
be made a feature of the St. Louis ex
position in 1904, says Harper's Week
ly. There are to be indoor orchestral
concerts and organ recitals, open air
band concerts for which there will
be no admission charge and perform
ances of choral music on a large scale.
The idea of the committee in charge
of the musical arrangements is to aim
at appealing rathor to the popular taste
than to the more limited demand for
music of the highest class, although
there will be no sacrifice of dignity in
the programmes. Considerable atten
tion will be paid to works by American
composers, which, it is hoped, will give
a decided impetus to the best creative
endeavor in native music.
Competent conductors are to be en
gaged for the orchestral concerts,
among whom, it is expected, will be
one of the celebrated "baton prima
donnas" as they are called abroad
of Europe. For the organ recitals,, in
which the most eminent American and
foreign organists will take part, a spe
cial Instrument will be constructed. It
is to contain nearly 150 stops and will
be, it is said, the largest organ in the
world. The orchestral and organ con
certs are to be held in Festival hall,
the center of the main group of build
M'COOK'S VISIT TO A SCOUT.
IIott the Famous Ueneral Shotred
His Ittsard For an Old Friend.
Several years ago the late General
Alexander McDowell McCook paid a
visit to Santa Fe, N. M., with some
railway officials, says the Kansas City
Star. On arriving at Santa Fe his first
Inquiry was for one Lucian Stewart.
He was told that Stewart was in the
hospital, awaiting death from old age.
"Then he may die tonicht aud I will
see him first," the general quietly re
marked. And then, with his aid, he
went directly to the hospital and was
quickly by the cot of the old man.
"Stewart, don't you know me?" he
inquired in a tender way, at the same
time extending his hand.
Stewart did not reply for fully one
minute, all the time holding the gen
eral's hand and scanning his features.
At last a ray of light broke over his
countenance and with a smile he said
"i.es, I remember you. You are the
youug lieutenant who never smoked
Here the two broke into a laugh, the
heartiest laugh perhaps the old Invalid
had enjoyed for a decade. Stewart
had been the chief of scouts when,
forty years ago, McCook was fighting
Apaches on the frontier. The general
had not seen him since that war, but
showed his deep regard for his old
friends by remembering so humble a
comrade. The remark of the old scout
referred to a time when McCook, then
a lieutenant, aud a detail under Colonel
St. Vrain were chasing the Apaches.
They had struck a hot trail and had
been on it thirty-six hours without
food. Fearing to wait to prepare a
meal, for every minute was then pre
cious, so close was the trail, Colonel
St. Train determined to keep on his
march. Realizing the condition of his
men and officers, he had given per
mission for the men to partake of such
rations as they could in the saddle, and
turniug to his lieutenant he remarked:
"McCook, have a cigar?"
"No, thank you, sir," was the quick
response; "I never smoke before break
GRANDSON OF GRANT.
Clysses S. III., Who Has JuHt Been
Graduated From West Point.
Ulysses S. Grant III., who has just
been graduated from West Poiut third
from the top of his class of ninety-four
members, thus makes a much better
record than did his famous grandfa
ther and his father, both of whom fin
ished far lower down in their respective
classes, the first U. S. Grant being
twenty-first in a class of thirty-five.
only one-third the size of that in which
his grandson was so near the top.
General Frederick 1). Grant, father
of the youthful warrior, was thirty-
i 1 A
ULVSSES SIMPSON GRANT III.
sixth in his class. By reason of his
high standing young Grant receives the
usual coveted appointment to the ongi
When General V. S. Grant was on his
deathbed he addressed a letter to "the
president of the Uuited States" asking
for the appointment of his namesake
and grandson to the United States Mil
itary acadoiuj'. This application was
Indorsed two years later by General
W. T. Sherman and four years ago was
presented to President McKinley. who
Immediately made the appointment.
Young Grant has been a diligent stu
dent, as his record shows, and was one
of the most popular members of his
class. He Is twenty-one years old.
NOVEL DIVORCE CURE.
Raskin Fnrnlty Saym Women Should
A Chicago special to the New York
World says that the faculty of Ruskin
university at Glen Ellyn, 111., has start
ed an antldivorce movement which en
courages the study of psychology as
the panacea for the evil. The theories
of the faculty are set forth thus:
To discourage divorce girls should be
Should take a course in "housewifery.
Should study: 1. Domestic bookkeep
ing. 2. Cookery. 3. English grammar
and literature. 4. Art in nature.
Should not study: 1. Stenography.
2. Mathematics. 3. Foreign and dead
Must not be business women, but
A IIos; Worth f 17.057.
Seven-tenths of one Poland-China
hog was recently sold at a swine sale
In Macy, Ind., for $12,500. The owners
of the other three-tenths retained their
Interest, so that the sale value of the
animal was $17.557, says an Indianap
olis special dispatch to the New York
Herald. The first share sold for $1,300,
and the bidding ran up to $2,050 for
the seventh share. The animal will bo
kept for bre"ding purposes. It was
the highest price ever paid for a hog.
Ninety-six hogs sold for $00,000. A
half interest in one auimal fetched
Plenty of Practice.
"Yes. fiither. when I finish inv Pli
cation I am coins to follow my litcrarv
bent and write for money."
"Humph. John, you ought to be suc
cessful. That's all vou did the four
years you pent In college.'
SHAMROCK 111 DRY DOCK
Features of Lipton's New Yacht
Described by an Expert.
AN AMAZON, BUT LOOKS A VENUS.
John R. Spears Soys That the Chal
lenger Docked Shows That Her Re
markable Ileaut y LI id en the Fact
That She Is a Fighter Contrast
Clearly Shown "With Model of Re
liance. Both Shamrock III. and Shamrock I.
were docked at the Robins yard, Erie
basin, in Brooklyn, the other morning,
and because Shamrock II. was stand
ing well braced on the ground near
the dock visitors had the extraordinary,
satisfaction of seeing three challengers
at once a regular flock of British
yachts all out of the water together,
says John R. Spears in the New York
Naturally there was an early gather
ing of the favored yachtsmen who had
invitations . to visit the dockyard.
Among the men of note as designers
were John Ilyslop. Henry J. Gielow
and Irving Cox of New York and W.
S. Burgess of Boston.
The most striking and important fea
ture of the hull is that the largest or
fullest section is several feet forward
of the middle section. Shamrock I.'s
was well aft. Looking still farther aft,
it was seen that the lines run into a
remarkably thin and flat overhang.
Her lean quarters are in marked con
trast with those of Shamrock I., and
the entire hull is in marked contrast
because the center of buoyancy is bo
much farther forward.
With all her low bilges the challenger
has a remarkable dead rise that is, the
cross section at the middle of the ship
shows a deep V shape below the curves
where the top sides turn into the under
A broadside view of this considerable
dead rise caused many spectators to say
that she was there modeled after the
Columbia, but a view from forward
shows that whee Columbia's frames
are straight from the turn of the bilge
to the hollow of the garboard the
frames of Shamrock III. are curved.
With the curve of the bilge and the hol
low of the garbonrd pach Is a long S.
Therefore where Columbia when heel
ed sails on a flat floor Shamrock III. in
similar circumstances sails on a round
On looking at the fin one saw that
the curve of the stem into the fin was
much longer than thut in either of the
other Shamrocks. It Is shorter on the
foot, I think, than that of Reliance and
longer at the hull, while the area of
the plane of It is about the same or
possibly a little larger.
A notable peculiarity of the fin Is in
the fact that the heel of it goes down
in the water nearly two feet farther
than the toe. Another interesting fea
ture of the fin is the enormous bulk of
lead at the forward end, and it is very
blunt, where that of the other two
challengers was made wedge shaped
to part the water readily. The bottom
of the lead is flat. It is a fin that
should let her turn quickly in stays,
but one would expect It to lift as tho
rounded hull heels over.
It is certain that Shamrock III. has
a large displacement. She is just what
her builders said of her in this respect-
She is decidedly a "wholesome model.
With her great dead rise and her
large bulk under water she is the exact
opposite of the Reliance. The yachts
men of the world are to be congratu
lated, for now we shall see whether
large displacement with small wetted
surface or small displacement with
large wetted surface is better in tho
search for the ideal racer model.
It must not be supposed, however,
that Shamrock III. is a typical British
cutter or knife blade model. Her beam
becomes more apparent when she is
out of water, and several good judges
estimated it at 25 feet 3 inches.
After seeing so much of the model as
was in view irom tne unm or uiw
dock, one readily believes that Sham
rock HI. is fast in windward work and
that she will not be worried greatly by
a head sea.
Erery one will agree with Captain
Robert Wringe when he said, "Even
if we don't win the cup we still have
a beautiful ship." She Is beautiful.
One must say hat the grace of her
outlines conceals, to a great degree, her
The sharps were shy when asked
for opinions, but Designer John Hys
lop, for years measurer for the New
York Yacht club, said:
"She looks like an easy boat to drive.
She doesn't show the power she evi
dently possesses. She has a very dif
ferent section from anything they have
brought out before. Just see the con
vexity of her form forward. She has
great strength forward, and there is
co liability of pounding in a seaway.
There is nothing to kill her speed. She
is a boat that will heel very easily, but
when she does she will sail on a very
long floor. She is a wonderfully mod
eled boat, absolutely fair and beauti
Rather Gave Him Away.
Fond Father (showing off his off
spring's intelligence) Now, Elsie dear,
what is a cat?
Fond Father Well, what's that fun
ny little anliiial that comes creeping
up the stairs when every one's in bed?
Elsie (promptly rapa.