Newspaper Page Text
VOIi. 1,11. NO. 278.
ROCK ISLAND, XLIi., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1903.
PAGES J) TO 12.
New Courses to Be Studied at
rOTJB WOMEN ARE OS THE,STAPP.
Hntene ot School and Outdoor Ltv
1K to Be Taua-ht "Hygiene A" a
Sample Plan of the Stud y Bod fly
Fallings to Be Corrected.
The increasing prominence of school
hygiene as a field of Instruction Is In
dicated by the announcement that Co
lumbia university has formed a de
partment for the study of physical ed
ucation In the Columbia gymnasium,
the new gymnasium in the James
Speyer experimental school and the
projected Frederick Ferris Thompson
memorial building, says the New York
Post. At the head of the work will be
Dr. Thomas Denlson Wood of Teach
ers' college, who will be assisted by
an adjunct professor, two Instructors
and six assistants. Dr. George L. Mey
lan, the adjunct professor, has been
connected with Harvard university.
Four of the staff are women, who will
Instruct students of Barnard and
Teachers' colleges and the women grad
uate students of Columbia university
The scope of the work can best be
shown by the outline of a single course,
"Hygiene A." Dr. Meylan makes the
The aim of the course Is to give the stu
dent Instruction In the principles govern
ing the care of the body, to the end that
the highest degree of mental and physical
efficiency may be obtained. The body will
be studied as an organism and as a ma
chine. The study will not be from the
standpoint of anatomy or physiology.
Only a broad outline of the structure and
functions of the body will be given, and
that only as a basis for the application
of hygiene. The course will include a
full discussion of (he following topics:
Muscular activity. Us uses. Its alms. Its
methods and the relative value oft the
various "forma of exercise, general and
special t feeding, nutritive value oi vari
ous foods, relative Talus of various bev
erages, fhe eftects tf aloohol on the or
ganism, dietaries is-vl the abuse of stimu
lants afla narcotics; afceep and rest, Ule
expenditure &nd recuperation of energy,
the general rtkttto6 of nervosa activ
ity j bathing, fvjh tuid eait water bsU
Ipil, EOonge, tub. ehoW. douche and
XtlungQ h&tha, thermal bafna thfr value
and danger of the morning cold bath;
clothing, heat radiation, conservation of
energy In the body, usee of clothing for
protection and adornment; sanitary cor
ditlons of the home, the Bite, construction,
plumbing, heating nd ventilation; the
adaptation of roan to the changed, condi
tions of his environment in the cities
during the. last hundred years, the change
from outdoor to indoor life, - tb - great
ly Increased demand for nervous en
ergy, with a corresponding decreased de
mand for muscular energy t the Influence
of heredity, extent to which . mental,
moral and physical characteristics are in
herited; the influence of climate on the
organism, acclimation, organs most af
fected by different climates; tropical, cold,
temperate, dry, moist climates, fertile and
sterile soils, aca air and mountain air.
healthful and unhealthful climates; pro
tective measures against Infectious dis
eases, the germ theory of disease, com
municable and contagious diseases, im
munity, serums, vaccination, boards of
health, duties of citizens concerning quar
antine regulations, water and gas supply.
Inspection of milk and food a.
A course by Professor Wood will
treat of the physical organization of
the child laws of heredity, growth and
development, home conditions neces:
sary to the child's health, school en
vironment, functions of the school
physician, prevention of disease and
deformity by hygienic surroundings,
healthful postures and activities, adap
tation of gymnastic exercises to the
different grades and the regulation of
Particular attention will be paid to
the correction of bodily fallings of ab
normal and deficient children. A spe
cial course In anthropometry has been
arranged for this purpose. It will In
clude the recording of personal and
family history, measuring and testing
the body, observation of organic con
ditions and physical signs, tabulation
of statistics, use of graphic methods
for representing bodily conditions and
changes, individual prescription of ex
ercise and hygienic regimen, corrective
exercises for common deformities, such
as round shoulders and spinal curva
ture; adaptation of movements for
functional disorders and special nerv
ous conditions. Students will have
practical experience in all of the dif
ferent methods and procedures studied.
Twelve hours of instruction will he
offered each week, to underclassmen in
the classical and scientific schools of
Columbia' university proper. Besides
class work In the university gymna
sium, these students are given an op
portunity to learn, free of charge, the
elements of boxing, fencing, wrestling
and swimming. The medical director,
In addition, will hold office hours daily,
acting as a consultant and adviser to
any student seeking his services. Each
student will be entitled to a physical
examination, on the basis of which
the general hygienic regimen and phys
ical exercise bftsr suited to his peculiar
needs will be prescribed.
Robber Heels For Students.
With the opening of the new school
fmr In western lows a crusade in be
half of rubber heels for school chil
dren will be started, and the movement
pormises to spread over the state and
find ready Indorsement In the hundreds
of schools of Iowa, says an Iowa Falls
(la.) dispatch. It Is maintained by
those back of this Innovation that such
a move Is essential If order and quie
tude are maintained In the schoolrooms
daring school hours. The movement
seems popular wTiereverFnasTeealh
troduced, and aside from the noise and
commotion that are avoided by the
change the saving to the general sys
tem of the student Is a big Item, as It
does away with the jar usual with the
THE BERLINER AIR SHIP.
Inventor Preparing- to TestEnlarB
ed Model of Ilia Aeroplane.
Emile Berliner of Washington will
test In a few weeks an enlarged model
of his flying machine, which Is now
being built in his laboratory In Colum
bia road, says the New York Ilerald.
The tall of the machine will be larger
in proportion to the body than. In the
machine which was tested on Aug. 19,
and .the three cylinders will be placed
some distance apart rather than near
together, as in the old machine.
"The two most original ideas em
bodied in our models are the incline
at the end of the cylinders and the ap
plication of the large tail said Edgar
Berliner, son of the Inventor. "The
pressure of compressed air against this
incline and against the tall is what
raises the machine so successfully. By
means of the tail it will also be possi
ble to guide the machine. The tail will
consist of plates wliich close over each
way and can bo adjusted so as to reg
ulate the movements of the machine.
An adjustment of the tail will also
make It possible for the machine to
descend, something like a parachute,
to the ground. At present we are ex
perimenting with propellers of various
sorts to take the place of the sky
rockets which have been used In pro
pelling our models."
The Berliner model tried on Aug. 19
Is seven feet long. It consists of three
aluminium troughs arranged side by
side and inverted. There are five and
a half feet long nn3 open at the front
to admit air freely. One foot from the
rear end they begin to Incline and
slope down to the tall, which Is made
of pieces of On ono 2nd a half feet
long. The horizontal area of the ma
chine fa thirty square feet, and It
weighs, together with the ballast
which. It carries to represent the cne
and person of a completed machine.
About thirty-four pound. Oak rods
and metal tubing re used in f awtenlng
tho inaln part of the machine to
gotJier. The two efcyrot&ots which nt the
machine through the olr for fifty feet
at a uniform distance- at three and a
half feet from the ground weighed
two pounds each. They were fastened
Just alwve the tail Ballast was sus
pended from the aluminium portion
near the tall. Here the propelling ma
chinery will probably be suspended
when a machine Is constructed of suffi
cient size to carry an operator.
There are no wlng3 of any sort to
THE BEIRUT AFFAIR.
Missionary Telle of a Previous As
sault on Vice Consnl Maa-elnaen.
Miss Alice Barber of Jollet, 111., who
was a missionary for eighteen years at
Beirut, in Turkey, and is well acquaint
ed with Vice Consul Magelssen, at
tributes the present difficulty in Beirut
to the lower classes, the outlaws and
footpads who infest the city and make
It exceedingly dangerous for foreign
ers at all times, says the New York
"About two years ago," said Miss
Barber, "an attack was made upon
Mr. Magelssen while he was on his
way from 'the cape, where the Amer
ican college is located, to tbe main
part of the city. Three men sprang
from a thicket, knocked him down and
took his watch and chain. He Is a
young man of powerful build and was
formerly a football player. As soon as
he recovered from his surprise he at
tacked his assailants, recovered his
watch and gave all three of the robbers
a severe beating.
"Quite a commotion was raised at the
time, and the college instructors ap
pealed to the local authorities for bet
ter protection. As a result a police sta
tion was established near there, and a
detail of Boldiers was stationed in that
locality. In spite of this it became
more dangerous for the instructors,
and none of them ventured out at night
unless they were armed with stout
KANSAS TEACHERS PROTEST
Present Resolutions Aa-alnst the
Trustees' Antlcourtlna- Order.
The teachers of Harvey county, Kan.,
at a recent Institute adopted with en
thusiasm the following resolutions:
Whereas, Otrr fathers came to Kansas
in pursuance of a high and holy desire to
establish the Institutions of freedom and
equality on Kansas soil and did heroic
service in the dark and bloody days of
the border war to establish constitutional
liberty In this state; therefore be It
Resolved, That we view with alarm the
tendency of school boards In certain parts
of Kansas to adopt harsh and oppressive
measures In restriction of our sacred and
Resolved, That to submit to such tyran
ny would prove us to be unworthy chil
dren of. such noble parentage.
Resolved, That, the larger per cent of
our teachers being marriageable, we urge
upon all the necessity of vigorous and
unceasing rebellion against this attampt
to deprive us of oixr right to court and be
"Where Friendship Ceases.
"That girt with Johnson there a
friend of his, I presume?"
"Nope; used to be, though."
"So? Had a falling out?"
"Not exactly. lie married her." Bal
timore American. ...
IX CHARITY'S NAME.
MISS RUTH BRYAN, WHO IS TO TAKE
UP SETTLEMENT WORK.
Dsochter of William Jennings Bry
an to Join Staff of Hull House, Chi
cago Jane Addams and the Famous
Institution She Founded.
Miss Iiuth Bryan, eldest daughter of
William Jennings Bryan, who recently
announced her intention of taking np
settlement work this fall, has arranged
to join the staff of Hull House, Chi
cago, the famous Institution supported
by charity for the benefit of the poorer
classes and conducted by Miss Jane
Addams, noted as a sociologist.
Miss Bryan, who is nineteen years
of age, for tho past two years has been
a student at the University of Nebras
ka. She is said to be endowed with the
unlimited energy of her father and an
ambition to accomplish something in
the way of assisting the class of chil
dren reached by the work of Miss Ad
dams. Miss Bryan and her mother
have been deeply interested in tho set
tlement for a long time, and, while a
position on the staff of Hull House will
Involve somewhat of a sacrifice, the
young woman fools that she will bo
engaged in congenial and meritorious
While Miss Bryan would hardly be
tailed beautiful, she possesses a grace
MIB6 KUTH nnYAN.
and charin that make her more than
ordinarily attractive. She Is dark
dark in hair, eyes and complexion
well formed and wliolesorue looking.
She is. In fact, the ideal American girl,
the western type, nurtured In the
breezes of the prairie. She has hor
father's "mouth "and firm Jaws, hor
mother's low forehead, with rlivpllng
brown hair and frank, straightforward
Hull House was founded by Miss
Jane Addams about fourteen years ago,
and with the assistance of wealthy
patrons it has been extended In scope
until It has become one of the leading
factors In sociological woTk in this
country. It is assorted that tho shab
biest man or woman in .Chicago can
enter Hull House without cringing.
The story of its founding Is this:
After leaving college Ming Addams and
her bosom friend, Kllon Starr, travelod
through Europe for the purpose of tak
ing time to plan for the future. Toyn
bee Hall, London, made a deep Impres
sion on them, and they decided to es
tablish a social settlement In Chicago.
The Nineteenth ward In Chicago was
chosen as the objective point. The
MIS3 JANE ADDAMS.
ward at that time had few rivals In
wickedness and squalor. Taking an old
building at Polk and South Halsted
streets, they cleaned it up and called
it IIull nouse. From this small begin
ning, without funds. It has branched
out until" it has reached splendid pro
portions a place where ihe poor and
wretched find a haven, a refuge and
Trades unions, too. recognize the
beneficent Influence of Hull House, and
several of them make the house their
headquarters, and at least two were
formed there. In the great Pullman
strike Miss Addams was chosen to
serve on the arbitration committee.
In IIull House today there are sev
eral score distinct clubs and depart
ments, embracing almost every phase
of social and drvlc activity. Beside
educational and recreative departments
such as can be found In most social
settlements, there are other and more
unusual ones. Tbe Jane club, for In
stance, Is ' a co-operative home for
young working women, who manage
things for themselves .without tba In
terference of a matron and contrive to
live well at a cost of $3 pur week. An
other club does the same thing for
young men. As a worker In Hull
House Miss Bryan . will find ample
scope for the exercise of her ambition
to help the poor and the unfortunate.
' HARNESSING A CANAL.
Thirty Thousand Horse Power to Be
Generated hy Chlcasro Waterway.
Plans for "ptitting in harness" the
Immense water power of the Chicago
sanitary canal at Its termination in
Lookiort an'd Jollet are perfected by
the engineering department of the
drainage board and have received tho
approval of the board's engineering
committee, says a Chicago dispatch.
The plans involve an expenditure of
In developing the water power of the
sanitary canal the board of drainage
trustees Is carrying out a policy that
has been contemplated since the incep
tion of the great engineering scheme
designed to give Chicago an adequate
supply of pure water. It is a sequel to
the sucessful construction work on
tire great drainage channel now con
necting Lake Michigan with the Mis
sissippi river and the gulf of Mexico.
An extension of the present channel
for a mile and one-eighth south of the
controlling dam at Lockport is neces
sary for the utilization of the plan.
For the extension channel a great
excavation two miles long and 140 feet
wide will have to be made through
hard rock. Midway in this two mile
cut an artificial waterfall will be con
structed. Here the mammoth hydraulic
and electric machinery will catch the
rushing waters as they fall. It Is in
this fall tlxat the power to be utilized
Weight and momentum of the fall
ing waters are the factors that make
the power, which power Is to be
caught, as it were, in Its flight, con
verted Into electrical energy and trans
mitted over wires and through storage
batteries and dynamos for the turning
of giant wheels In factories or for the
lighting of streets or the lighting and
heating of residences or other build
ings. That Is what has been done with
Niagara's mighty powr, and that is
what the plans Ju6t completed nre tn
do with tho water power of Chicago's
13,000,000 drainage canal.
In the development of the power at
Lbckport the feats, of engineering will
duplicate In many renpects the bniwv
lng of Niagara fall for transmission
of olectrte power to sundry points In
New York and New Englnd and Canada.
WATCM ON POSTAL CLERKS
Many Peepholes and Secret Look
outs In rhieSKo'a Keif Post OfHce.
Every net of every employee of the
money order, registry and mailing de
partments of the new post office at
Chicago will be liable to the closest
scrutiny by moans of a system now be
ing Installed, says the Chicago llecord
Herald. Suspended from the ceilings
of the three departments and connect
ed with eacli other are lookouts in the
form of inclosed observation platforms.
These will enable inspectors to watch
all that is going on, but the employees
will never know wh'n they are being
observed, and the fact that an observ
ing eye may be upon them at any min
ute is calculated to deter them frem
wrongdoing and spur them to their best
efforts. No more thorough system of
espionage was ever devised for any
public edifice In the world.
Secretary of the Treasury Shaw on
a recent visit expressed admiration for
the manner in which the lookouts were
being constructed. Tbo fact that such
structures are being erected was un
known to all save the inspection de
partment and a few high officials of the
The officials say no reflection upon
the honesty of employees Is Intended by
the system. The responsibilities the
government assumes in carrying money
and other valuables through the malls
warrant it in taking every precaution.
In fact, the honest employees are said
to welcome the strictest supervision, so
that if any detail of the business goes
wrong their own acts will be known In
advance of the discovery of tho error.
The first and second floors of the
great building are honeycombed with
the lookouts. The passages run through
stone wails and connect in such a way
that an inspector can go from one part
of the structure to another in a dis
tant section of tho building in half
the time that one outside the lookouts
could proceed an equal distance. A
system' of electric signals will be op
erated in connection, and the course of
a letter or package, from the minute
it Is registered until It leaves in a mall
bag for a railway station, can be known
by tho chief inspector sitting In his
Kerf Art Exhibition.
St. Petersburg will have in November
an international exhibition of Indus
trial art for metal or stone products.
The proceeds of the show will go to a
charitable society. Bulky articles are
not wanted. Each object must have
some originality in shape or definite
artistic value or be remarkable for the
way of production. Import duties will
bo remitted on articles accepted for the
Shipbuilding on the Coaet.
At present the total value of con
tracts under oonstructlon at the lead'
lng shipyards on our seacoasts is
$111,304,500, representing fourteen
yards. Of this total rep
resents naval work and $22,797,000
merchant marine work.
A. jSTIAT bunko game
HOW THE MAN WHO THOUGHT HE
KNEW IT ALL WAS FOOLED.
A Scheme That Worked the Way the
Bettlnjc Went and Gave No Clew
as to Flow the Tip Was PaaaeH to
Break or Sot to Break tbe Joic.
"It's a. good thing for us, I suppose,
that whenever we get it all settled and
arranged In our minds that we're too
everlastingly bright and crafty to be
'done' by anybody we usually get a fall
that takes the perkiness out of us," said
a Washington department store buyer
who makes frequent trips to New York.
"Up to a certain day last week, for ex
ample, I had a pretty thorough under
standing with myself that there was no
o!d kind of a New York bunko game
that I'd bite on. I'd been going to New
York too often and for too long a time
for anything like that. Well, listen.
"A week ago Monday morning last I
was standing after breakfast on the
Thirty -sixth street side of the Marl
borough hotel, in New York, taking a
sun bath for myself and mapping out
my programme for the day. Two or
three other men were standing near me
doing the same.
"Our attention was lazily enlisted ns
we stood there bj' the spectacle of a
boy wearing a chef's cap and apron
recklessly swinging an empty crockery
pitcher above his head. The boy was
rigged up like a hotel kitchen appren
tice. " 'What Infernal whelps most boys
are, anyhow!' remarked a sporty look
ing man standing near me to a plain
looking Individual who was standing
alongside of him. 'Now, Just look at
that cub fooling with that pitcher. If s
a cinch that he'll drop it and smash it
to smithereens before he gets to Sev
" 'Oh, I dunno,' was the reply of tlie
plain looking man. 'I guess the kid
knows what he's about. He's got a
pretty good clutch on the handle of the
pitcher. He'll hang on to it all right.'
" "Bet you five he drops it before he
reaches Seventh avenue,' was the quick
response of the man wth the sporty
" 'I guess I'll take that bet," answered
the plain looking man, and he produced
his wad. Tho sporty looking citizen
peeled a V from his roll and both men
put up ttfeir money with the unformed
carriage opener stationed outsido the
Marlborough. Then they took up tho
Jog together toward Seventh avewue to
keep tin eye on, the boy, who wa-s still
swinging the pitcher wildly. I held
my grouml and wntcted the proceed
In It lortked like a pretty good bet
for the plain looking uun until, when
the bey was only about ten feet from
tho corner of Seventh avenue, the
pitcher flew out of his hand as he w
trying some singularly difficult piece
of juggling with it and was dashed
into a hundred fragments on a door
step. The sporty looking man and the
plain looking individual returned to
where I was standing and the former
took the two V's from the stakeholder
with a grin, saying:
'I thought sure I was going to lose
out on that when the kid got so near
Seventh avenue without anything hap
pening to the pitches.'
"Two days later I was standing
alongside n hotel at the corner of
Eighth avenue and One Hundred and
Twenty-fifth street. In Harlem, waiting
for a downtown elevtrie car, when I
siw that selfsame youngster, with the
Identical kitchen apprentice's toggery,
going along Eighth avenue, again wild
ly swinging a pitcher. Then I cast
my eyes about me, and there, only
three feet to the left of me and leaning
against an '! stanchion, was tho sporty
looking man. He blinked lazily at me
when he saw that I had observed the
boy with the pitcher.
'What infernal whelps most boys
are, anyway!' he said to me In precisely
the same words and the same tone he
had used in making the remark a cou
ple of dnj's before to the plain looking
man who had lost his V. 'Now, Just
look at that cub fooling with that
pitcher. It's a cinch that he'll drop It
and smash it to smithereens before he
reaches the next corner.'
"'What a foxy way this fellow has
of making a living!' I mused. 'But I'll
Just give him a little run for his monoy,
so I will.'
" That's the betting end of it,' I said
aloud to the sporty looking man, 'that
I'd be willing to take myself.'
"'Oh, well,' he replied laughingly,
'any old thing to pass the time away.
It's about an even thing one way or the
other, I suppose.'
" 'Just about,' said I.
" 'Well,' he said good naturedly, 'then
I'll bet you a V that he doesn't smash
it before he reaches the next corner.'
" 'You're on,' said I, and we put up
our five spots with the news dealer on
" 'This,' said I to myself as I fell into
step with the sporty looking man, is
like wheedling gran'ma out of a nickel
for cookies. There's no way that this
crafty con man can pass the tip to that
kid not to drop that pitcher, according
to the usual frame up, without my get
ting next to tbe dodge and calling him
down on it. I think I see a new five
dollar hat for myself this afternoon.'
"My reflections along this pleasant
line, however, were interrupted. The
boy was already crossing the street,
still swinging the pitcher wildly and
whistling merrily. He reached the oth
er side and went right along his way,
taking tremendous chances with the
pltcber and whistling with all the fer
vor of youth, and I oad lost.
"Hxpw had tho sporty looking man
.passed .tlie.sjgnal to the kid not. to. dror
the pifcher on that occasion? I give It
up. I didn't stop to inquire of him. I
felt too cheap to stop for any purpose
whatever, but swung on board the
downtown surface car with a whole
lot of the kinks of conceit combed ont
of me." Pittsburg Tress.
LIPTON HELPED HER.
How Irish Baronet Assisted South
ern Girl In Getting: a Home.
Among the arrivals at New York on
the steamer Philadelphia the other day
Wiis Miss lteata WInfield, an attractive
southern girl of considerable talent as
a violinist, says the New York Commer
cial Advertiser. She went to London
last February expecting to meet with
success. The engagements failed, and
she became penniless. She told the fol
lowing story of her experlneces in Lon
don: "I took my little violin and went out
to play on the street corners of Lon
don, hoping to secure enough to keep
life in my body. The first penny I re
ceived was given me Ly a colored man.
You can imagine the feelings of a
southern girl at such a humiliation.
Finally I caught a severe cold and had
an attack of typhoid fever. I was
cared for in Charing Cross hospital.
When I recovered I secured work at
1 a week In a restaurant. A gentle
man who heard my story called the at
tention of Sir Thomas Llpton to my
plight, and he came to my assistance.
It Is through his kindness that I am
once more in my native land. He U
the first person I shall look up, and I
shall depend on his advice how and
where to resume mj- musical career."
MOTHER OF THE POPE.
A Simple Peasant. From Whom Plus
X. Inherited Ills Humility.
The modest tastes and simple habits
of Tope Pius X., which have always
been distinguishing traits of his char
acter, were an inheritance from his
mother, whom her distinguished son
greatly resembles in. feature as well as
in the sterling qualities that finally
placed him at the head of the Roman
Signora Sarto, the mother of Pope
Pius X., was a peasant of the town of
' vi . - 5i. V - .
MOTHEll OF TOPE YIVH X.
Riese, province of Treviso, near Venice,
and her maiden name was Marguerite
Sanson. Her husband held a small
municipal office in the town, and she
added to his slender income by plying
her needle as a dressmaker. She died
in 1S04, having lived to see her son ele
vated to the cardlnalate. After he be
came patriarch of Venice she still con
tinued to occupy a small house In
Illese, In her humility refusing to live
with her son, as even his modest es
tablishment was considered by her to
be too luxurious In comparison with
what she was accustomed to.
After Giuseppe Sarto was made pa
triarch he still allowed his family to
continue in the modest line of life to
which they were born. Three of Lis
sisters are spipsters, and ono of the
others, Antonie, is married to a man so
poor that she is compelled to assist in
the support of the family by dressmak
ing. Lucia, another sister. Is the wife
of a church 6exton, who is occasionally
a peddler, and the husband of a third
is the keeper of a small Inn.
The elder brother of the popi An
gelo, lives in the village of Dellegra
zle, province of Mantua, being the
postman of the district and receiving
about $80 a year for his services.
When Plus X. was bishop of Man
tua his brother often wen there for
reasons connected with the postal serv
ice. The other clerks would ask him
Jokingly why his brother did not find
him a better place. Angelo, with the
sturdy independence which is charac
teristic of the Sarto family, answered
that he preferred to be what he could
"The Hlsh Seas."
By "the high seas" referred to in
article 1 of the constitution of the
United States is meant the open sea
that is, the waters outside the civil
Jurisdiction of any country whatever,
which, according to the law of nations.
Is limited to one marine league, or
three geographical miles, from the
shore. Dven the great lakes, beyond
the limit designated above, are regard
ed as "high seas."
N. Y. Guard I suppose when you
were in the army you often saw a
picket fence? t
G. A. It. Mann Yes, but it was a
more common sight to see a sentry bos.
3fay " v, .v t
I . yJ -n'
HUNT FOR GIANT BIRD
German Expedition to Find tho
Roc In Madagascar.
EVIEENGE OF LIVE SPECIMEN SEEH
One of Its Fresh Effrs, Welffhtne
Twenty-aeven Pounds, Said to llava
Been Fonnd by the Natives Pro
feasor Krause Will Try to Becurd
the Bird Alive.
For a single bird ? 100,000!
That giant roe.whicli terrorized SInd
bad the Sailor and all his men was no
myth, says the New York World. Tho
"Arabian Nights" tells the truth when
It speaks of that monster of the skies,
which would carry off a man in Ita
great claws. Schezerade was telling
no fairy tale.
Professor Krause, foremost among
the savants of the University of Ber
lin, is even now in Madagascar seek
ing tho great bird which boy readers
know as the roc and which scientists
call the eepyornis. Arabian romance
had a shorter name the roc. Tho
envant has been commissioned to en
gage whatever men and transport ho
needs and to spend T00,000 marks if ho
can bring back Just one of those giant
birds, long since believed to be extinct.
"Have started on the hunt" is the
Inst cable message which the senate
of the university has received. Now,
it is all that those grave and spec
tacled German scientists can do to
wait for the great day when the in
trepid Krause shall return to civiliza
tion with perhaps another message:
"I have the roc itself I"
But how does Professor Krause
know that there is a live roc in tho
heart of Madagascar? That question
is most easy to answer because a fresh
egg has been found. It was floating
down the quiet stream toward tha
southeast coast, borne upon the bosom
of the current that had brought it from
the wild and almost unexplored In
terior of the great island off the east
Natives found It. With loud cries of
Joy they bore it to a little party of
white men who happened to be near
by. One chanced to be a naturalist.
For a moment he was dumfounded;
then he spoke. "The egg of the a?py
orals," he said, "tho roc of Arabian
fable. The egg is fresh. It would
have turned within a week. The blrdl
that laid this egg is still alive!" The
great egg was twelve inches in diam
eter and twenty Inches long. It
weighed twenty-seven pounds. Think
of a chick of such tremendous weightl
The white men were Germans. They,
cabled at once to Berlin, and back the
next day came the order for ProfessoC
Krause to take command and to wort
his way up the river at any price to
find the live bird that laid the egg.
That the egg was still - fresh proved!
that the bird could jiot be far away.
The expedition is equipped with ev
erything that science can suggest. Its
orders are to bring the great bird back;
alive and to study its native haunts,
its life and Its present condition. If
tbe expedition is successful, it will bo
one of the notable achievements for
natural history of the present century.
For a long period the marshes of
Madagascar have yielded the fossil
eggs of these enormous extinct birds,
the rocs of days long since bygone.
The natives have known of them for
many, many years and have been ac
customed to hunt them for naturalists
by probing the bottoms of the swamps
with long iron rods. All the better
museums of the world have one or
more of the giant fossil eggs.
For the monster birds the name of
rcpyornis was proposed when the
first fossil eggs were found. Gradually
It became accepted as the scientific
name of tho giant bird that had laid
those great eggs. In the course of
time naturalists were rewarded by the
discovery of fossil bones of the bird.
Some of these disinterred within re
cent years indicate that they belonged
to birds bigger than any others known
to students of natural history. The
bones of the toes seemed almost as
largo as those of mastodons. Some of
the birds had four toes; others had
three. The toes can be told by the ex
perts because of the absence of the
bony bridge at the lower end of the
shin bones, which are as thick and as
long as those of the average elephant
Many of the fossil eggs are far larger
than the fresh one Just discovered.
Some of them have a circumference of
thirty Inches and a longer girth of
thirty-six inches. Tbe birds they have
hatched in prehistoric times have been
like the ordinary ostrich, yet possessed
of wings which gave them tremendous
powers of flight. They were endowed
with strength sufficient to give battle
to lions and tigers.
Should one of these great feathered
creatures be brought back to the coast
and successfully shipped to some men
agerie or avairy it could easily be re
garded as the most valuable natural
history specimen In the whole workl.
An ordinary specimen, which is all
that Professor. Krause hopes for, would
be about fifteen feet high and would
weigh 2,000 pounds.
The erg that was found floating
down the stream has been carefully
preserved. Its contents would equal
twenty dozen eggs of the ordinary hen.
and would easily make an omelet for'
the crew of a United States cruiser orl
provide a meal for a battalion of regu-i
lar army soldiers, with hard tack and!
coffee to pJecelt out. j