Newspaper Page Text
THE AHOTS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1903.
Custom of Merchants and Bankers, Who
' The following is taken from an article
ou the observance of Christmas in busi
ness circles by Kalph 1). I'aine lu the
iWofld'a Work for Ieccmber:
Last year the owner of one of the
largest department stores in the coun
try' expanded his customary system of
rewards by giving $r0 to each of the
drivers of his delivery wagons. There
!vere 150 of them, and they received
$8,000. They were paid for their over
time, but their work was so uncommon
ly arduous that they deserved some
thing more, and it came to them as a
surprise. In the height of the rush the
jwagons were delivering from 40,000 to
150,000 packages daily. On the day be
fore Christmas 300,000 patrons visited
!the store, and it was promised that all
ipurcbases, including pianos, made be
'foro G o'clock at night should be deliv
:eral at their homes before breakfast
.Christinas morning. This immense un
dertaking was accomplished, and it was
Joyalty ns well as Avages that inspired
rthese drivers to make good the promise
Of their employer. To them the extra
fifty dollar checks came as wealth un
foreseen and were accepted in the true
spirit of Christmas. The Christmas
spirit was in this transaction, although
,the employer Mas paying for value re
ceived, and this year he will similarly
surprise some other column of his va-t
army of industry.
This proprietor has on his payrolls
during Christmas time more than 11,
OO0 employees, and a system is in oper
ation whereby the majority of them re
ceive extra money in the holiday sea
son. It is in payment of extra services,
yet it is so distributed that the Christ
mas spirit is not whoiiy ooiiterateU.
For ten days the store is kept open un
til lu o'clock in the evening, and for
this work after tvg:;Iar hours the sales
people receive' a commission on their
sales instead of tixej wages for over
time. Last' year saleswomen made as
much as .'.Co. $7." and KKJ on these
One New York merchant has for
many years presided over a Christmas
gathering of his entire force. The cus
tom, begun when less than 100 guests
were eligible, is maintained now when
1,(hhj employees, from managers to cash
boys, meet on equal footing for one
night of the year and listen to the sin
cere greeting and recognition of loyal
service which are spoken by the pro
prietor as the head of the table. This
traditional observance has done much
to inspire in this force a notable esprit
de corps. It Is a genuine Christmas
In the words of a humble toiler of
the house: "It doesn't help pay my bills
and it doesn't raise my wages, but the
dinner is the real thing, for to hear the
old man talk of his start as an errand
boy in a country store amd how he
fought his way up to the top makes
him one of us. And when we wish him
'Merry Christmas,' a thousand strong,
a good many of us mean it, and I think
he does when he shouts it back."
In one commission house, whose his
tory is a part of the coffee trade for
four generations, the present partners
are two brothers, both bachelors, who
have added wealth to inherited for
tunes. It has been their custom since
they succeeded in control of the house
to present each of their clerks with a
Christmas gift, sometimes equal to half
his 'yearly salary. The amounts are
not lixed, however, and unlike most re
wards of this kind the partners take
Into account not only the services ren
dered, but also the personal needs of
the recipient. In other words, the
friendly interest is not bounded by the
office walls, and the brothers rind a
quiet pleasure in investigating the con
ditions which please or worry the young
men who work for them. One of them
who told me this story said:
"If one of the office staff is single aud
is able to live comfortably on his sal
ary he may get $.f0 for Christmas,
while a young fellow who was threat
ening matrimony last year was handed
a check for $1,300, and an old gray
haired clerk who is supporting a sister
and a half dozen of her children and
has other relatives hanging on his coat
tails got $1,000 when his salary is only
$1,800, which is all he Is worth to the
firm. Of course, good work and loyalty
are counted in. and it's a system of re
ward and merit, but it is finely tem
pered with human interest." These
gifts are distributed with a formal
courtesy and a personal greeting that
make of this office the reception room
of a host and his guests for a brief time
on the day before Christmas.
Wall street is lavish in its gifts when
the stock market is free with its favors,
and last year made a high water mark
for tills form of distribution. A con
servative estimate is that bankers and
brokers gave away $1,000,000 in re
wards to employees, and in the Stock
Exchange $10,000 was raised for it
working force. These gifts included
$.",000 gold certificates in one house and
an entire year's salary to employees of
more than one bank. While such mu
nificence made one joyful Christmas,
failure to equal it this year will spoil
many holidays. Such magnificent gen
erosity has its flaw, as shown ,ly the
lament of one favored bank clerk:
-It was a wonderful Christmas last
year. 1 received a whole year's sal
ary, and I had been with the linn only
owe year, and 1 was so happy when 1
went home that I did not bother to
criticise the fact that the salary was
in .Steel stock at the market rate. My
wife and I were l?side ourselves plan
ning a country cottage, the dream of
our lives, and of course when Steel be
gan lo 'slump' we held on and hoped
I will sell from now on
IbilTets. former price $20.00 f j. QQ
Buffets, former price $25. 1 C flfl
Sale price ID.UU
Bufl'ets. former price $-8.0,
r.ufl'ets, former price $.i0.()0. t A nr
SaU' price CmtmJJ
25 to select from at
I hae ."0 to select frcm in mahogany
and fine (lolden Oak from $S.50 to
$::0. They cannot be duplicated by
A very strong line to se
lect from, upward from.
Iswill mention here that I made a
bir cut on all Sideboards such as
Solid Oak such as others sell for $7.00
Fine Silk Damask Mahogany 3-piece
AND ANYTHING YO" WANT KOli A CHRISTMAS PRESENT MOUH1S
(HA I US.
C.U'.INKTS. ROCKKRS, CKNTER TAIJLES. COUCHES AND HATRACKS AND HALL SEATS, YOU
WILL FIND THE FINEST ASSORTMENT HERE AND YOU ALL KNOW ME. I WILL NOT MISREP
RESENT GOODS. SO I INVITE ALL TO COME OYER AND GIVE ME A CALL.
216 sxrvd 218 WEST THIRD STREET.
DAVENPORT. - - - IOWA.
for aii "upward turn and are still hold
ing on. My Christmas present has
shrunk, and our dream is smashed, and
all I ask of Kriss Kriugle this year is
that he will restore my last year's pres
ent to its original size."
In the same institution there was an
employee whose Christmas gift had
the saving grace of individual consider
ation. He was a bookkeeper, nearly
forty years in harness, and he had been
overlooked in former years of fatness
in Wall street, except for a customary
and unvarying ten dollar gold piece.
Several days before Christmas last year
the office became agitated with rumors
of an unprecedented flood of good for
tune. The old bookkeeper tried to keep
calm, but his hopes ran riot, and the
day before Christmas found him in a
nervous flurry. lie saw his fellow em
ployees called into the cashier's office
one by one, each returning with a
sealed envelope. The bookkeeper wait
ed for his summons, but it came not.
Even the office boys emerged biting
new gold pieces to test them, and the
roll was complete an hour before the
bookkeeper summoned courage to send
In an inquiry whether a mistake had
been made in the case of Mr. Blank
and whether an envelope had been
overlooked.. The answer was:
"There is no envelope for Mr. Blank,
but the president wishes to see him for
a moment." r
The bookkeeper saw only one inter
pretation. This meant his discharge
for failing efficiency. lie fairly tot
tered into the sanctum, a pitiful figure
of panic fear.
"Sit down, Mr. Blank," said the pres
ident. "I have omitted your name In
the list of Christmas rewards for faith
ful service, and I regret that the bank
will have to find another man to fill
your position after tomorrow. Com
pose yourself, sir; tears are undignified
In this office. You should know better
after being here for so long a term of
service. Don't go. I have a few words
more to say before you leave. The di
rectors have decided to retire you on
full pay for the rest of your life, and
the year's salary will be paid 3'ou in
advance. This does not establish a
ruinous precedent, for employees with
thirty-eight 3-ears of faithful service to
their credit are not sprinkled very
plentifully through Wall street."
Illlnoi Farmers Ilaild I'lacen of Itef
ug;e and School Children Drill.
No more will the Illinois farmers
poke fun at Kansas and Nebraska ou
account of the custom of those states
of providing themselves with cyclone
cellars, says a Mendota (III.) dispatch
to the Chicago liecord-llerald.
The farmers of Bureau county, iu
several localities at least, have been
busy ail fall building the most modern
structure of this kind on record. The
fury of tha storms that visited that lo
cality last summer Is still fresh in the
minds of everybody, and some of the
farmers are picking up cyclone drift
Not long ago a schoolteacher at Da
vis Junction, fearing for the safety of
her flock of pupils, had one of these
handy contrivances built, the farmer
directors ln?ing easy to convince that
the thing was needed, and every now
and then the teacher has a cyclone
drill, in which the whole school sud
denly leaves the building and takes to
the adjoining hole in the ground.
A Suppressed Tennyson Poem.'
In Harper's Magazine for December
J. C. Thomson has collected a large
number of Tennyson's suppressed
poems, some of surprising beauty. Of
the one quoted below and referring di
rectly to America Mr. Thomson right
ly asks, "What reason can Tennyson
have had for suppressing such stanzas
Gipantic daughter of the wpst,
We drink to thee across the flood;
We know thee most, we love thee best.
For art thou not of British blood?
Should war's mad blast again be blown.
Permit not thou the tyrant powers
To fiprht thy mother here alone.
But let thy broadsides roar with ours.
Oh, rise, our strong Atlantic sons,
When war against our freedom springs!
Oh. speak to Europe through your guns!
They can be understood by kings.
Fnd In Men's Clothes.
The London tailors are doing every
thing they can to induce their custom
ers to use colored material for evening
clothes, says the New York World.
Shades of blue, green, crimson and
pluin, which look well by artificial light,
and browns are worn. Yet few men
have the courage to identify themselves
with the Innovation, which has a tend
ency to make them look like flunkies.
Tight waisted, double breasted over
coats with bold lapels are being worn
by dressy Londoners, chiefly in gray.
Thecraze for "loud," fancy waistcoats
Obsequies of nn Arm.
Newton Loehr of Milton, near Indian
apolis, Ind., had an arm crushed in a
corn shredder several days ago, and the
member had to be amputated. He in
sisted the limb should have n regular
burial, and accordingly the funeral
took place In the Milton cemetery the
other day, says the Chicago Record
Ilerald. The arm was placed in a sat
in lined coffin, and the services at the
grave were the same as though a body
was being buried. Loehr's relatives
from Anderson and other points in the
county were present at the Interment.
Tlpplnur the. Scales.
"Confound it!" growled Closeman. I
dropped a dime in that weighing ma
chine instead of a penny."
"Ila. ha!" chuckled his. buffoon
friend. "I -guess,.that's when yon tip
ped the scales." Philadelphia Record.
A Satisfying; Portrait.
Mr. Roxe This portrait doesn't look
like my wife at all.
Artist I know It doesn't, but it looks
as she thinks she looks. Judge.
no i. ntt w n it -. f.w o nr.- -. - -.- -. -
Simply a question of knowing
what you get, or guessing at it.
A stove of doubt gives trouble
forever. Don't Experiment!
Buy a certainty!! A stove cer
tainty is my Hot Bl-st.
It burns soft coal, hard coal,
slack, wood, cobs or any kind of
It's an air tight stove, so you
have your fire under perfect con
trol. v The Hot Blast makes a perfect base burner.
The base being airtight, prevents dust from
escaping into the room when shaking down
It is a gas consumer, money
beautif ier to any household.
A clean, pleasure to operate,
the low price, a rare chance
saver and a
Hi. G. SUMMERS
522 Twentieth Street,
.. vk. ..'. ... y..y.i..ii.wt.irir'iti
IT WAS A FACTOR IN PERRY'S GREAT
VICTORY ON LAKE ERIE.
The Vessels of the Famooi Naval
Hero's Fleet AV'ere Equipped WltH
Rope Slaikofitctared In tbe Then
Little More Than Village.
While Pittsburg aud vicinity figured
prominently in the early history of the
republic, the city has never laid claim
to any great share of the victories
achieved by Americans in the war of
1812 because most of the engagements
of that conflict took place on the wa
ter. But, an inland town and almost
village, as it was at that time, Pitts
burg contributed materially toward
the notable victory of Oliver II. Terry
on Lake Erie Sept. 13, 1813. In Pitts
burg were ' .iga'nufactured the ropes
that were required in the equipment of
Perry's famous fleet.
This was the first instance that has
been placed on record of Pittsburg's
having furnished the equipment of a
fleet of war for the government, but
since that time the Smoky City has al
ways held a prominent place In the
building of vessels of war. Those craft
of Terry's, of course, were only wooden
affairs, and the amount of Iron about
them was very small. With the evolu
tion In the construction of war vessels
came also the development of indus
tries in Tittsburg, so that now, by the
manufacture of armor plate for Uncle
Sam's ships, the city still sustains its
reputation which was started in such
a humble way in 1S13 by furnishing a
quantity of rope, for Terry's fleet on
The ropemaking industry was began
In Tittsburg in 1704, nd the first one
to engage extensively in the business
was Colonel John Irwin, a Revolution
ary soldier, who wes severely wound
ed in the battle of Paoli. After peace
was declared he started In the business
in Pittsburg and at the same time es
tablished the first ropewalk west of the
Alleghany mountains. His place of
business was located on the site for so
many years since occupied by the fa
mous old hotel, the Monongahela House.
Here, where since presidents, kings and
princes have been.entertained, the rope
business was modestly negun.
Colonel Irwin died not long after the
establishment of his business in the
city, his death having been the result
of injuries he sustained in the Revo
lutionary war. The business was at
tended to by Mrs. Irwin, who is said
to have been a woman of extraordinary
energy and ability. Later her son as
sisted her, and the business was car
ried on under the firm name of Mary
& John Irwin.
' In 1705 the ropewalk was removed
to the square bounded by Liberty ave
nue. Third and Fourth streets and Re
doubt alley. The product turned out
by the Irwins Mas of a good quality
and was in great demand. The busi
ness grew, and soon it was necessary
to runove the walk to a place where
more ground was available. Conse
quently in 1S12 the works were re
moved to a site on the bank of the
Allegheny river near the Point.
Soon after this last removal there
came one day to call ou Mrs. Irwin a
boyish looking fellow who Introduced
himself as Oliver II. Perry. He said
that he was building a fleet of war
vessels on the shore of Lake Erie and
that he would require a considerable
quantity of cordage to equip his fleet.
Mrs. Irwin made a contract with the
youthful naval officer, and in due time
the cordage was all finished and deliv
ered to Commodore Terry.
The amount of rope in this famous
order was not great compared with
that which is now used in fitting out
our modern sea monsters of ships, but
for the day and the place tbe order
was a notable one. When the entire or
der was completed. Mrs. Irwin, who,
though well up in years was still in
terested In business and was intensely
patriotic, gave personal supervision to
the inspection and packing of the goods.
They were taken by way of the Alle
gheny valley, part way by boats and
part way overland, to the famous bay
on the south shore of Lake Erie where
the Impatient Terry was busily engag
ed in getting his little fleet ready for
the coming battle which was to mean
so much for the American cause. In a
short time the ropes were all fitted to
their places, and the fleet set sail.
What happened at Tut-In-Bay on that
famous day of Sept. 13, 1813, is known
to every American. It.vasfrqmjne.of
his vfctorious ships, ntteu with lrwftfs
cordage made at Tittsburg, that the
young commodore sent his immortal
dispatch, "We have met tbe enemy,
and they are ours."
Terry and his men and his stanch
ships won this notable victory, but the
stout ropes and good cordage made
along Duquesne waj in the infant city
of Tittsburg did their share also, for
when they were put to the test they
proved that they were good stuff.
A Bret Harte Story.
liret Ilarte "was once asked in Lon
don If he did not exaggerate some of
his western character creations. He de
clared that he did not and told this
true story, which he had always fear
ed to put into print: A well known des
perado came into a saloon, and of
course those who knew him had busi
ness elsewhere at onee. An English
tenderfoot remained, and the bad man
invited him to drink. The Britisher
innocently said he did not care to do
so, a dangerous remark to make in
those days, whereupon the desperado
wearily reached for his gun ami said
in a tired sort of way, ' Can't I ever
have a drink without killing a man?"
The Bird Monopolist.
As is generally known; the cuckoo
lays its eggs in the nests of other birds,
leaving them to be hatched and tha
young cuckoos reared by their foster
parents. The young cuckoo throws tbe
other birds out of the nest and gets all
the care Itself. After murdering its
foster brothers and sisters In the most
deliberate and callous way it is thence
forth tended with the greatest devo
tion. Long after it has left the nest
the great bird, apparently big enough
to get Its own living and many times
larger than its foster parents, is fol
lowed about and fed by them with th3
same care as when In the nest.
She Settled It.
"Sir," began the youth. "I have come
to ask for your daughter's hand in"
"No, sir!" snorted her father. "You
can't have her! What could possibly
have prompted you to ask"
"Why er she did, fir!"
"Oh, that's different! Also, that set
tles itr Thiladelphia Tress. ;