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THE ARGUS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12. 1903.
The Fan&ilc Moros
Mohammedan Stibjccfj? of Uncle Sam
Always "Ready for a Fight.
Strangest of all the subjects of Uncle
'H:tm are the Mohammedan Moros who
inhabit the Sulu archipelago in tbu
lower part of the Philippine group,
these are the people whom General
Leonard Wood has been lighting on the
island of Jolo, where several thousand
warrior under the leadership of Pan
gliiua Ilassen have been in armed re-
Lellion. It is said that this action ou
the part of Pangliiua Ilassen may have
the effect of abrogating the so called
Uy this treaty, which was arranged
by General John C Hates, U. S. A., iu
VjOO, the sultan became a citizen of the
United States and was placed on a pen
sion of about $o..HH a year. It also
provided that the sovereignty of the
United States over the archipelago be
acknowledged, that the lights of the .
sultan be respected and that the Moros
should not be interfered with on ac
count of their religion. Further, the
treaty prohibited the introduction of
arms ami munitions of war into the
islands and guaranteed that the United
States would give full protection to the
sultan against foreign interference.
The sultan of the Snlu archipelago
claims jurisdiction not only over that
group, but also over northern Borneo.
His religious control as representative
of the prophet is, however, more wide
ly recognized than his political and
military sway, lie has in the Sulu
group about l'JO.OOO subjects and '20,
IHK) lighting men. These have the
Mohammedan contempt for death and
are of piratical and bloodletting tend
ency and inclination.
The largest island in the Sulu group,
which numbers about 14'. i. is Mindanao,
but the potentate who rules over them
under the suzerainty of the United
States lives at Maybun. the capita!,
which is on the island of Sulu. or Jolo.
as it Is more orten caTIea.
The Moros are accustomed to suffer
all the caprices of their despotic an-
A TUKAMENTADO OK JOLO.
thority. By the laws of Sulu the bank
rupt debtor is the slave of his creditor.
The debtor thus loses all his rights,
and his children can be sold through
out the archipelago, lie can. however,
buy the liberty of his family at the
price of bis own life that is. by slay
ing Christians until he is himself
slain. If the debtor is willing to pay
the debt with his life he from that mo
ment becomes u juramentado. The
priests encourage him until he is in a
very frenzy of. enthusiasm.
Thus lashed into .religious madness
tne juramentaao becomes Wore beast
than human and lusts for murder. He
oils his limbs and rushes ferociously
upon ihe hated Christians. Nothing
but death can stay htm. He knows
that he is going to certain destruction.
but believes that, death is the door of
paradise. Hence he cares not how
many oppose him. The more the bet
ter, for he will probably succeed in do
ing great execution. With one sweep
of his creese he will sever au arm or
even the head of his victim. Like a
mad dog, he fights until he is killed.
The Moro is of rather diminutive
size, a sinewy, lithe fellow, with broad
shoulders, thin legs and with boldness,
defiance and haughtiness in every
movement of his catlike tread. His
dress is unique and has something of
the Arab's costume about it. With
skin tight trousers buttoned from knee
to ankle, short blouse cut off at the
waist, bared chest, gaudy sash in
which his murderous barong. or creese.
is carried and gayly colored turban, he
is a most curious and picturesque per
sonage, a lighting man, head hunter
and formidable enemy.
The Moro detests work and subsists
on fruit, fish and cattle. He fights and
hunts constantly, compelling captives
of other tribes- to do all the menial la
bor. Shivery exists among the Moros,
each tribe waging war with its neigh
bor and the stronger holding in abject
slavery the vanquished. The Moro's
religion permits him four wives, who
never live with him, but in neighboring
huts. A tidewater people, whole com
munities live together in huge uipa
hut3 built far out from shore above the
sea and connected with the land by
rickety.- insecure bridges of bamboo.
The Moros are under the immediate
rule of the dattos, petty chiefs, who in
turn are subject to the sultan, the lat
ter being the overlord and claiming al
legiance from the dattos. The system
Is similar to the feudal system which
prevailed in Europe iu the middle ages.
"Yes. dear, lie caught me in his
"and was just going to kiss me"
"How awfully horrid!"
"when ma came iu the room."
"Oh, how provoking!"
y . 4
No well regulated family
should be without some
good pure liquor in the
house for medical use,
and those who like a glass
of good wine for table use
will find no better place in
town to supply your wants
We Cajry the Best Selected Stock
of imported and domestic brands of Wines,
Whiskies and Brandies on the market. Sold
in any quantity to suit the purchaser at
Wholesale end Retail Liquor Dealer. Corner Third
Avenue and Eighteenth Street.
FACTS IN FiiVV LINES
The oldest graduates of Yale and
Harvard are ministers.
The number of lunatics under control
In Ireland is 22,000, au increase of
1,000 in two years.
The latest cure for nervous diseases,
. according to a Swiss doctor, is tea
made with uu j"d snow.
A project is on foot in Geneva for the
establishment of aerial excursions to
view the summit of Mont Iilanc.
It has just been discovered that Em
erson found his greatest inspiration in
the warm glow of a cranberry pie.
A large part of the tropical fruit used
iu the United States is raised by the
transportation companies which bring
Milk is now reduced to a powder by a
new Swedish invention. Five quarts of
skimmed milk yield one pound of pow
der. An anonymous donor has given $1.
500,000 to St. Bartholomew's hospital,
London, to buy the land required for
The new P.ritlsh blue book gives the
average weekly wages of fifteen skilled
trades at $10.50 In London and $1S.73
in New York.
Eleven sovereigns and five half sov
ereigns tendered to Dublin cabmen in
mistake for silver coins last year were
given up to the police.
The sinking of the shaft 140 feet from
the river bottom by the Toronto and
Niagara 1'alls company occupied but
little more than a mouth.
London s supposed to have 170,000
inhabitant to the square mile, but on
the east side. New York, there are 345,
000 people to the square mile.
A memorial has been erected at a
cost of 130 in Toowoomba cemetery,
near Brisbane, Queensland, over the
grave of I'eter Jackson, the pugilist.
American archaeologists have secured
a concession from the Turkish govern
ment to make excavations on a site to
the northeast of the old city of liaby
lon. Kerosene inebriety is becoming com
mon in many cities. The boys climb
upon the tank car, place their noses
over the manhole and thus inhale the
There was a decrease of over CO per
cent in the exports of cheese from the
United States iu the fiscal year ended
June SO, lOOil, as compared with the
There are 107.S48 dressmakers em
ployed by firms in London. The high
est wages obtainable, except in the
case of about a dozen heads of depart
ments, is 18 shillings a week.
M. Thoplteau, French deputy, pro
poses to tax all games of hazard to the
extent of S per cent of the sums at
stake. M. Thopiteau estimates that the
tax would bring in an annual revenue
Chinese tire fighters beat gongs and
tomtoms aud wave banners to drive
the flames away. Old kerosene tins
filled with water are also used, and at
I'eking there are also a few old hand
In the interest of making Australia
"a white man's country' a government
bounty i paid for sugar grown by
white labor. Of the last year's sugar
crop of 100.000 tons seven-tenths was
produced by Kanaka black labor.
The average annual importations of
foreign corn into France for the past
three years were 11.000,000 bushels, of
which the Argentine Republic fur
nished an average of 4,2-"iO,000 bushels,
Itoumania 3.OO0.0O0 and the United
States 2.SO0.OOO bushels.
It is estimated that during the last
five years telephones havo been put in
to nearly half a million rural homes.
The farmer finds that with the tele
phone he can keep In touch with the
market, selling his produce or live stock
when quotations are the most favora
ble. .- '
Damascus now contains about the
same number of Jews that it had in the
time of St. Paul. In the middle of the
first century of our era some 10,000
Jews lived in Damascus and were gov
erned by an ethnarch. The present
Jewish community Is computed at
Master Ilallie Elco of North Star.
Mich., eleven years old. is perhaps the
largest boy of his age in the state. He
is larger than either of his parents
since he weighs 240 pounds, while his
father weighs 217 pounds and his moth
er lo0. Master Elco stands 5 feet 3
inches high, has a breast measure of
45 inches and a belt measure of 47.
It is not generally known that large
sections of Alaska are suited for farm
ing and gardening. Such crops as oats,
wheat, rye. barley and flax have beeu
raised, and vegetables potatoes, tur
nips, beets, peas, celery, etc. grow in
abundance. The tillable and pasture
land of the territory at a conservative
estimate amounts to 100,000 square
miles and will support 3,000,000 per
sons. The last literary work upon which
the late Richard Henry Stoddard was
engaged was in connection with his
'Recollections, Personal 'and literary."
a volume of memoirs covering a period
or more than fifty years and affording
a glimpse of many of the foremost
writers of the last half century, in
cluding Hawthorne and Thackeray.
Mr. Stoddard was author of the much
quoted advice, "Write if you want to,
but earn your bread some other way."
A few years ago when Czar Alexan
der III. was alive and his family in
cluded three sons it almost seemed be
yond doubt that the succession to the
throne was secured to his descendants '
and that it could hardly pass to his
brother or nephew. However, the old
est son, now reigning as Nicholas
though married, is the father of daugh
ters only; the eeond son is dead, and
the third son, cow twenty-five years of
age. is unmrrried and apparently con
tent to rem? a so.
3rd Ave. and 1 7 th St. Rock Is anal
ficbv 'Phone 5309,
Old "Phone 617 Uroban.
Over 3,O00 teeth extracted in the
ALL WORK GUARANTEED.
Office Open Every Evening Until Christmas.
The following are a few of the places represented
by Crissman Bros, guaranteed dental work.
SOUTH KOCK ISLAM).
i: AST MOl.INK.
.I I L A N'.
1 JAY EXPORT.
P.RIAR RLUI V.
ohe Painless Dental Specialists.
Lin Office: Rock Island.
Branch Office: Port Byron,
T r. itcSoi'hilt'a Dstnle, Wliioli Is to Be
.t!a!c :i S:irls.men's lab.
I'.iliniore. the vast estate of Oeorge
W. Yanderbilt. near Asheville. X. C,
is to le converted into an exclusive
hunting an:! fishing club. It embraces
117.oo; i acres lying in P.uneombe,
Transylvania and Haywood counties,
is a single tract of field and forest and
tost over $:;. KKJ, (MM). The mansion.
jiJ Lilt? li i - 1 iliiJI
CHRISTMAS "BARRING OUT.1
which was erected at an expense of
?7.lX),0()(). was called Bi It more House
by Mr. Yanderbilt.
Since he acquired the property a
ilozi'ii years ago public fishing and
hunting have Ikhmi forbidden, and uni
formed rangers have protected the for
ests and streams from poachers.
TTie plan of the proposed Biltmore
dul does not include Biltmore House
nor 10,000 acres immediately surround
ing it. This much of the park will be
retained for Mr. Yanderbilt's private
Christmas VT oudcr Or an 3:0.
The wonder Orange may be used to
conceal small Christmas' gifts., and it
also makes a pretty decoration for the
tree. Take a good sized ball of coarse
orange colored worsted and begin wind
ing It about the present. If the gift Is
not symmetrical enough to admit this,
first wrap it iu crushed tissue paper.
After the worsted Is completely
wound so as to make a ball the size of
a big orange fasten green tissue paper
leaves in a cluster about where the
step should be and a loop of baby
orange ribbon with which tp hang it up.
The wonder orange can also be used
to stuff into the toe of some expectant
A St?a:igr Custom of Sclioolbj ys on:!
"Barring out" w as oae of the Christ
mas customs greatly in vogue in Eng
land three .cnairies :j,'o. It is a cus
tom th;jt obtains not only iu England,
but to som.' extent in our own country,
to this day, although il is not particu
larly a Christmas cutom in our coun
try. "Barring out was the keeping of
the teacher or master out of the school
house until he yielded to such terms
as the bqys of his school chose to dic
tate. If the boys were able to keep the
teacher out of the schoolhouse for
three days and nights he was bound by.
all the laws of the custom to come
to terms with the boys and to grant
them all that they demanded in the
way of half holidays and abbreviated
lesson hours and extended recesses.
If. on the other hand. tLe teacher out
witted the boys and regained posses
sion of the schoolroom, the chagrined
pupils were bound to submit to such
terms as he chose to dictate. As these
terms usually included the severe
trouncing of all the boys having any
thing to do with the barring out of the
teacher, the boys were on the alert to
keep him from defeating thorn. More
than one Christmas time of rejoicing
has been turned into a time of weeping
and wailing on the part of boys whom
some barred out teacher has defeated.
Florence Isn't Kicking-.
Florence What do you think? Hor
ace never once kissed me under the
Dolly Wasjft that a shame?
Florence Hardly. You see, he kissed
nie beneath my none.
MONT CELEE TODAY.
IIoiv tbe Dread Volcano Mas i'Iiaiiu i
The volcano cf Mont Pelee, island of
Martinique, West Indies', the rv-'t
dreadful mountain of death of whicM
the world has authentic history, is now
an awe inspiring spectacle.
Since the great disaster of V.'('2.
which overwhelmed aud obliterated the
city of St. Pierre and all Us inhab
itants, numbering 24.W0 souls, liesides
y - u,r; n
1 7 '
Spacer Give me a synonym for the
Popper (moodily) Broke!
Herd on the Minister' Wife.
A Scottish minister lately returned
home from a long holiday trip on which
he had been accompanied by his wife.
At a prayer meeting shortly afterward
an elder offered up thanks for the min
ister's safe return, but unfortunately
put his foot In it "O Lord," he said,
"we thank thee for bringing our pastor
safe home, and his dear wife, too, O
Lord, for thou preservest man and
TUE NEW fcPIXE OF MONT PELEE.
(Viewed from the basin of the Lac de
nearly all the shipping in its harbor.
Mont Pelee has undergone remarkable
Before the eruption the outline of
ttie volcano was gently undulating, but
tbe new cone formed at its top is jag
ged and hbrupL On the new cone is
Ha extraordinary spine which, seen
through a shifting veil of steam and
smoke, presents an extremely forbid
ding appearance. The new apex rise.?
1,174 feet above the rim of the old
Interesting- "orveirian Cnntoiu.
Men attending state balls in Xorway
are not left in doubt as to whether or
not the women can be counted on for
dancing. The custom of the court de
crees that those women who intend to
dance ehall wear white, while those
not desiring to trip the light fantastic
toe shall appear In black. It Is an
idea which American men would like
to see C Jopted.