Newspaper Page Text
THE AEGTJS, SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1904.
The Soldiers of the Land
of the Morning CaJm 0
Dragomiroff and Stoeuel,
Two Celebrated Russian
Generals Interesting Phas
es of Torpedo WaLrf&re.
Consul General Uchida and
Hlr SS.000.000 War Fund
DF It be true that Korea is to aid
Japan in fighting Russia, her as
sistance is likely to be of little val
ue to the mikado. Korea hasa pop
ulation estimated at about 11,000,000
and on paper has a standing army of
25,000 men, a part of which has re
cently been reorganized and equipped
and drilled in European style. This
body number several thousand men,
and they are armed with the Gras
(obsolete pattern), Murata, Martini and
a variety of muz
zle loading rifles
powers are indif
ferent, and they
lack, besides, the
qualities of cour
age and disci
pline. There Is no ar
tillery, and the
cavalry arm is
confined to a few
with no knowl
edge of horse
manship and as
little idea of
weapons or their
duties. The army
of whom General
rrlnce Mln Yun
Iluan is the com
mander in chief.
every naval engagement of the present
conflict. Even should they meet the
Russians in the open sea, they are ex
pected to use their torpedo boats.
In France and England the impor
tance of torpedo boats in modern war
fare has been recognized by the ex
penditure of huge sums on them, and
they lead the world in this class of
craft and torpedo boat destroyers. The
torpedo boat destroyer primarily Is
what its name Indicates. Its mission
Is to hunt the torpedo boat and put It
out of action.
Torpedo boat destroyers are provided
with torpedo tubes, so that they can
do the work of the torpedo boat as well
as exterminate it. England counts her
torpedo boat destroyers equal to If not
more important than the torpedo boats.
Japan at present has seventeen tor
pedo "boat destroyers, most of them
A KOr.EAH FOLDIEK.
lie has had no opportunity to display
his soldierly qualities, if he possess
any, and even if he has ability can do
little with his troops. In the illustra
tion the soldier is shown wearing a
new unfform recently adopted by the
Lieutenant General A. Stoessel, com
mandant of Port Arthur. Is a German
officer who has sient many years In the
militury service of the czar. He was
born near Magde
burg, Germany, and
II veil there for some
time. Later h went
to Russia and en
tered the Russian
army as a volun
teer in the engineer
corps. He distin
guished himself In
the war with Tur
key and rose rapid
ly In the service.
During the military
ojeration9 in IS WO .
resulting in the relief of the foreign
legations in Peking General Stoessel
planned a very Important movement,
the success of which materially assist
ed In the capture of Tientsin. His
command crossed the Lutai canal on a
pontoon bridge under fire and captured
a number of batteries after losing 150
men. He was conspicuous In the re
mainder of the campaign, and his men
fought side by side with the Japanese.
Not long ago General Stoessel in a proc
lamation to the troops at Tort Arthur
said, "We must fight to the finish, as I,
the commandant, will never give an
order to surrender."
A JAPANESE TOBPEDO BOAT DESTROYER.
built in England daring the past five
years. They have a length of from 210
to 220 feet and a displacement of 2S5
to 380 tons. They have a speed of thir
ty to thirty-one knots and are armed
with one twelve-pounder and five slx
pounder quick firers. She also has a
fleet of fifteen destroyers now in course
General M. J. Dragomiroff, the most
distinguished military authority In Rus
sia, who recently insisted that both the
fleet ana army evacuate Port Arthur,
was for years the most conspicuous
commander in the army of the czar and
at the time of his retirement the most
Iopular soldier in the empire.
Dragomlroff's fall from favor was
due to the harshness of his criticisms.
He never wearied
of denouncing the
weakness of gener
als who think of
loss of life in bat
tle. The soldier
must be made fa
miliar with death,
he said; must al
ways be prepared
to die. His favor
ite observation was
that the Russian
soldier is an au
fire like a hypno
tized person and awaiting orders like
The brutality of Dragomiroff offend
ed many of the highest officers, and it
Is said that they intrigued against him
when he was chief of the Kiev district,
ne offered opportunities for revenge
when in his cups, for he was a hard
drinker and when intoxicated abused
the highest and lowest. In 1S02 the
czar ordered the minister of war to
reprimand him for a breach of eti-
while Dragomiroff was drunk, and InV? .u V0" corrects any accl
1 v. AVV
- ' - - -
M. SadazuchI Uchida. Japanese con
il general at New York city, who is at
the head of the movement of the Japa
nese colony to raise a $.".000,000 war
fund, was appointed to his present post
lix years aao and,
next to the Japa
nese minister at
Washington, is the
official of the mi
kado in this coun
try. Roth he and
Mme. Uchida speak
and their only son,
Isao, eight years
old, goes to an
Mme. Uchida is very fond of America,
prefers American clothes to her native
dresjand has adopted the customs and
ways of this country. She paid a visit
to her native land two years ago, but
says she was glad to get back to New
Isao, although the smallest boy in
school, stands at the head f his class.
He was born in Korea and named Isao,
which means "a man of credit," because
his father received distinction in con
nection with the war with China, in
which he took part.
I I I. J. J I II.
One of the most powerful instru
ments of destruction used in modern
naval warfare is the Whitehead tor
pedo. The most heavily armored bat
tleship is not proof against It, vigilance
being the only safeguard.
A Whitehead torpedo, the kind used
by the Japs at Port Arthur, is cigar
shaped, made of steel or bronze, and is
from fourteen to eighteen feet long
and from fourteen to eighteen inches
in diameter at the head, its thickest
part. The charge of 200 pounds of dy
namite is In the head and is exploded
by means of a rod driven against a
detonator by impact against a ship or
other solid object.
Just behind the explosive is a strong
steel chamber containing air compress
ed to 1.500 pounds per square inch,
and this escaping under control fur
nishes the motive power for the pro
pellers, which drive the machine
through the water at a speed of nearly
thirty miles an hour. The most won
derfully ingenious thing about it is
the gyroscopic controlling device for
the rudder, which not only accurately
A TOKTEDO TJf FXJOHT.
keeps the torpedo pointed at the tar-
the presence of several officers he
cursed and ridiculed the minister of
war. His retirement followed. He was
afterward restored to favor and is a
member of the military staff of the
The Japanese sailors lead the world
as torpedo fighters, and naval ex
perts agree that the daring and skill
thfty exhibited in the handling of their
torpedo fleet at Port Arthur will mark
The torpedo is fired from the bow.
stern or side of a vessel, either from a
submerged tube or from a tut? on
deck. It is ejected by compressed air
or powder, the driving mechanism -being
set in motion at the moment of
launching. Its effective range at pres
ent is about 1.500 yards. After the tor
pedo Is once started there is no known
defense which an attacked vessel can
Interpose. Nets have long been obsolete.
Training of the Natives ef
the Canary IalaadM.
In this age of athletics one might
think that no people ever sliowed so
much Interest In feats of muscular
might and skill as those who have per
fected football, but modern games and
even the games of the Greeks at Olym
pia may have been more than matched
by the sports of ieoples who are now
held in little esteem. A writer on the
Canary islands gives an account of
their athletic training which makes
even the college giants of today seem
weak and effeminate.
The Canary islands were subjected
by Spain about the time Columbus dis
covered America. The conquest was
due solely to the superiority of Euro
pean weapons and not to better skill
and prowess. The native soldiers were
trained athletes, developed under a
system which held athletic sports an
important business, like military drill.
Spanish chronicles have left us ac
counts of the sports of the islanders.
From babyhood they were trained to
be brisk in self defense. As soon as
they could toddle the children were
pelted with mud balls that they might
learn how to protect themselves. When
they were boys stones and wooden
darts were substituted for the bits of
In this rough school they acquired
the rudiments or warrare wnicn en
abled them during their wars with the
Spaniards to catch in their hands the
arrows shot from their enemies' cross
bows. After the conquest of the Canaries
a native of the islands was seen at Se
ville who for a shilling let a man
throw at him as many stones as he
pleased from a distance of eight paces.
Without moving his left foot he avoid
ed every stone.
Another native used to defy nny.-one
to hurl an orange at him with so great
rapidity that, he could not catch It.
Three men tried this, each with a
dozen oranges, and the islander caught
every orange. As a further test he
hit his antagonists with each of the
NOT TRUE TO THE POLE.
Tbe Variation In the Pointing
We commonly say that the pole of
the needle points toward the north.
The poets tell us how the needle Is true
to the pole. Every reader, however, is
now familiar with the general fact of
a variation of the compass. On our
eastern seaboard and all the way across
the Atlantic the north pointing of the
compass varies so far to the west that
a ship going to Europe and making no
allowance for this deviation would find
herself making more nearly for the
North cape than for her destination.
The "declination," as it is termed in
scientific language, varies from one re
gion of the earth to another- In, some
places it is toward the west, in others
toward the east.
The pointing of the needle in various
regions of the world is shown by means
of magnetic maps. Such maps are pub
lished by the United States coast sur
vey, whose experts make n careful
study of the magnetic force all over the
country. It is found that there is a
line running nearly north and south
through the middle states along which
there is no variation of the compass.
To the east of it the variation is west,
to the west of it east. The most rapid
changes in the pointing of the needle
are toward the northeast and north
west regions. When we travel to the
northeastern boundary of Maine, the
westerly variation has risen to 20 de
grees. Toward the northwest the east
erly variation continually increases un
til in the northern part of the state of
Washington it amounts to 23 degrees.
Simon Newcomb in Harper's.
Paper of One Kind.
Glanders It is said that paper can
be used effectively in keeping a person
warm. Gazley That is very true. I re
member a thirty day promissory note
of mine once kept me in a perspiration
for a month.
Experience teacheth that resolution
Is a sole help in need. Shakespeare.
For the quick preparation of a de
licious drink, for making Chocolate
Icinjr or for flavoring Ice Cream,
Low ney' Always Ready" Sweet
Chocolate Powder has no
equal. The full chocolate quality
and properties are present, unadul
terated and unimpaired.
ISii Jip llwk
I Sf! "i in
?UH CURE D
J 1 i Zr
Packed in Ilalff-Pound and Pound Sealed Packages
FROM JIPAII TO YOUR TABLE
r rull Weight. Perfect In Leaf. Dust and Moisture) Proof."
YOU WILL USE MO OTHER AFTER USIXQ THIS
J). HI. BELL l (E.n (Silicone
Keeps You Looking Voting
Always restores vouthfnlnnlnrto trmv nr
inueanair. ciops nair railing-, rositlvely
removes dandruff. A hik'h-olass dressing-,
keeping hair soft, frlossy.hcalthy.abundant.
Doc-snot soil skin, or linen.
Satisfy yourself 6y serulinanowfor
SAMPLE BOTTLE FREE
cut in is coupon out, vriU your name and ;
(uirlrexi antl mail irift 5 ctv.tjt 1nr nxtnnt
And we will semi vim frcn TTni,. n.i,h '
Miaruna .vuMiieureu boa p. Illustrated Iiooks,
pHve, "Hot to have tx-autiful Hail
Miii'i complexion." .Address I'hil" Hoi
- . . .
!t r.nf:ytta 8t., Nfvnrk, Nw Jerr
Xjrg;e SO cent bottles at druggist.
Ktn SE ALL SCnSTITlTKS.
For Sale by
T. H. THOMAS.
Staying Up Nights
with the Baby ?
Has it some distressing skin affection? No
need of iL Hosts of happy mothers daily use
In baby's bath, it speedily allays all irrita
tion of scalp and skin. Induces restful sleep.
Keeps baby sweet and healthy. For rashes,
chafing-, eczema, scrofula, itching1, all skin
soreness. HARFINA SOAP is truly won
derful. What it does for baby it will do for
you. It's the most soothing and satisfying
of toilet, bath and nursery soaps. No animal
fats. Medicated. Antiseptic. Refreshing.
"A BREATH OF PINE BALSAIl
IN EVERY CAKE."
Hosts of pratcful women use and recom
mend HARHNA SOAP as the BEST for
purifying and beaulifyinjr the complexion,
for tetter, rouch. red and chapped hands,
umplcs, blackheads, crusty scalps, dandruff,
ailing hair, offensive perspiration, imtUm
mations and for many sanative purjxjses
which suggest themselves to women. In
dorsed by doctors. Try it. You'll be con
vinced. Large 25c. cakes, all druggists.
Satisfy yourself. Send aJ otiiefvr
Harfina So.ip, Skinhea?th, and Illustrated
books, "How to have beauiiful hair, skin and
complexion," Cut this out and send sc. for
postage to Philo Hay Specialties Co., aag
Lafayette St.. Newark, N. J.
Ak for Ilarnna Soap and Skinliealth Ointment
Kefuse anything offervd "just its good."
A Uavenous Appetite
It is a joy to see a person eat after a few days' use of
Taber's Pepsin Compound. It cleans out the undigested
matter from the stomach and bowels, and then sets the secre
tive glands so vigorously to work that there is natural fluid
in abundance to digest all you cat, and you need not be afraid
to eat heartily and enjoy your meals. With a good appetite
and perfect digestion, life takes on a bright, cheery aspect,
and with energy and enthusiasm come new ambitions 'and
desires. Taber's Pepsin Compound has not a rival.
FDFF To prove iti merit In all kinds of srtomach and bowpl disorders, we will send a
I HLL vaniple package of Dr. Taber's Pepsin Compound by mail, free, to any address.
Tablet Form, 10c. 25c 50c; Liquid, 50c and $1.00. DR. TABER MFG. CO., Peoria, 111.
TABER'S pepsin COMPOUND
IWHEII I'll DOUBT CONSULT THE BEST, I
j. 25 years of successful experience in curing- Chronic, Nervous and Fri
Ji, vate Diseases of both sexes. Eleven years permanently located in
JL Davenport, where he has cured thousands of cases of Chronic Dis-
eases pronounced incurable by others, proves conclusively that DR.
J WALSH is the llest and Most Successful Specialist iu the Tri-Cities.
DR. ,T. E. WALSH.
Dr. WolsK Cures When Others FoJl.
JU Sleeplessness. Stricture. Weakness of Men, Failinjr Memory. Mental ?
Delusions, Catarrh, Dysp'psia, Asthma, Bronchitis, lllood Distascs. J
I Scrofula, Piles, and Kidney Diseases.
4 suffering1 from Nervous Exhaustion, Headache, Backache, Const ipa
V tioii, Neuraliria, Taliiitation of the Heart, or any other disease pecu-!
liar to the sex, should consult Dr. Walsh and get the benefit of his "J
REMEMBER, IT PAYS TO CONSULT THE P. EST FIRST.
J VibroLtion Md Electricity.
3. 20 j-ears experience has made Dr. Walsh a master of these methods..
JL of curing1 chronic diseases. He uses all forms of Electricity, including .
4 Farad ism, Oalvinism, Cataphoresis, Sinusoidal. Static and High Frc
T Varicocele X
J. is a frequent cause of nervous and physical decline. Why treat months JL
with others when we can positively cure you in from one to three.!.
! Only curable cases taken. If you cannot call, write. Hundreds
p cured by mail.
f HOURS: 9 to 12 a. m., 2 to 5 and 7 to S p. 111.; Sunday. 11: 30 to 1:30 p.m.
DR. J. E. WALSH, ?;cvy."30dulht:h
Good to me!
I am going on one of the
Santa Fe excursions and get
some of it. The cream will
be ready to skim soon.
The Santa Fe Southwest
is the best farming country in the world and
reached by the best railway.
Ask for new illustrated pamphlets about the Santa Fe
W. J. BLACK
Cen. Pass. Afit.. A. T. S. F. Ry.
: UUi Wl''i Q WAX A
A modern house of nine rooms and reception hall, butler's
pantry, kitchen pantry, bath, two toilet rooms, lavatory,
china closet, linen closets, three fireplaces, furnace heat, laun
dry, hot and cold water, large cistern in connection with laun
dry, cement walks, lot 00x220 feet with driveway, fruit trees
and shrubs. For particulars address,
P. O. Box 267, Rock Island, 111.
Dsn't there some piece of Firnitvire or some
Carpet needed to complete the appearance
of some room in yovir ho vise? It will pay you to
look over the house make a note of what you
need come to our store this week and get what
you lack and at a price you'll be more than will
ing to pay.
1 I .
OVER 150 KOOM SIZE RUGS TO SE
LECT FIIOM IX ALPj GRADE3 AND
LATEST PATTERNS. IT IS TIIE
FINEST AND LARGEST DISPLAY OF
EL'GS EVE II SIHJWN IN THIS PART
OF THE COUNTRY. ALSO A COM
PLETE: LINU OF CARPETS AND
MATTING. TRICES GUARANTEED.
IT IS NOT WHAT WE S.VY THAT
ITS THE ACTUAL EXPERIENCE OF
ACTUAL USERS IN THE TKI-CITII-S.
LET US SHOW YOU THE STYLE
AND SIZE YOU WANT.
CLEMANN & SALZMANN, Rock: Island.
QOOCaaogSOOOOOOCCOOOOOOOQggOOOOOOOOCyQOOOCXOOOCaOOGOOO COOOOOOOOOOCOOOCOGCOOOCOCO OCOOOOOOOOOOCOOCOOOOCOOOOO I