Newspaper Page Text
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ROCK ISLAND, ILL.. SATURDAY, IMaKCII JL, ly(U
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PAGES 9 TO 12.
Characteristics of Cossacks In
War and at Home.
BOLD AND SKILLFUL EOSSEMO.I
Kladly Fellows la Peaceful Tlmea
Who Become Terrible Fish (era
When the Battle Call la aoaaded.
Pride Themselves oa Always Betas
Akle to Surprise aa Eirmy and
Sever Betas; Surprised Tbenuelrei.
"The Scythians of every age have
been celebrated as bold and skillful
riders, and constant practice has seat
ed them so firmly on horseback that
they were supposed by strangers to
Perform the ordinary duties of civil
life, to eat, drink and even sleep with
out dismounting from their steeds,
from their excellence in the dexterous
management of the horse."
Thus Gibbon wrote of the ancestors
of the Cossacks in the czar's army to
day. These Cossacks have preserved
the Scythian characteristics, and every
one of them might easily gain a place
as trick rider in a circus If be cared to
do so, says a writer In the New York
Mail. One of their commonest tricks
Is to pick up a glove from the ground
at a full gallop.
The Cossacks originally settled on
the Don and later on the Volga, but
now there are several bodies of them
scattered throughout the Russian em
pire in Asia. A large colony has been
planted in the Ussuri province, which
borders on Korea and has Vladivostok
for its seiyxirt, and there are also large
settlements of them in Manchuria, cre
ated by the Russian military authori
ties with the idea of guarding the East
In former times the ataman, or mil
itary chief, of the Cossacks was prac
tically an independent monarch allied
to the czar of Russia, but his power
was gradually curtailed until now the
czar Is himself ataman and crowns
himself by that title among fifty-nine
others, when he assumes the throne.
Subordinate atamans hold command
over the five principal divisions of the
Cossacks as follows: Ion Cossacks,
Prince Sviatopolsk Mirskl II.; Terek
Cossacks. Lieutenant General Kacba
uov; Astrakhan Cossacks, General von
Ilasenkanipf ; Urul Cossacks, Major
General Maximovitch; Kubnn Cossacks,
Lieutenant General Mala ma.
At home in his native village the
Cossack is a remarkably qule
peaceful person. He tills the soil and
raises his flocks and herds without giv
ing the least trouble to the authorities
or anybody else. He is a thoroughly
domestic man, a kind husband and a
pood, though stern, father. Indeed, his
character is all that can be desired. He
Is honest, faithful to his friends, ex
tremely sensitive to points of honor and
chivalry, most hospitable to strangers
and frank uud truthful In all his deal
ings. Everybody who visits a Cossack
village comes away with the highest
possible opinion of the inhabitants.
Whcn he Is nineteen years of uge the
Cossack youth begins his military serv
ice. For three years he undergoes
preparatory instruction in his birth
place or in the nearest village If he
lives at an -Isolated homestead. The
following four years are spent in the
first line of the active army and four
years after that in the second line,
which means that the man lives at
home and Is called up for three weeks'
drill every year. There follow four
years in the third line, with only one
drill of three weeks during the whole
of that service. The fully trained vet
eran is then transferred to the depot
reserve for five years and in that
branch of the army is only liable to be
called out in time of war. After those
five years his military obligations are
not canceled, for all Cossacks capable
of bearing arms may be called out by
the emperor In a national emergency.
When he goes abroad on his military
service the character of the Cossack
seems to change entirely. From a
quiet domestic youth he changes into
the lawless Scythian depicted by Gib
lon and other writers. He has pro
found contempt for the people among
whom he Is quartered, and nothing
gives him greater pleasure than to dis
perse a mob of rioters in a Russian
town by the ruthless use of his terrible
leather whip. In time of war the Cos
sack is a scourge to the civilian insula
tion as well as to the enemy in arms.
Until recent times he was given unre
strained liberty to loot and massacre,
but he Is now subjected, in theory at
all events, to the same discipline as the
rest of the Russian army.
Alike In their native villages and in
their camps, the Cossacks are inordi
nately fond of amusements, especially
of songs, dances and listening to their
own wild, barbaric music. Their wo
men are worthy of a race of warriors,
for they always encourage the men to
go to war, and no Cossack girl thinks
of marrying a man until after he has
finished his period of military service,
received his farm from the Russian
authorities and settled down into the
reserve. Women whose husbands or
sons have died In the service of the
czar are always treated with the great
est honor In the Cossack villages.
In wartime the Cossacks are the
eyes and ears of a Russian army. They
pride themselves on being always able
to surprise an enemy and on never be
ing surprised themselves. To be taken
unawares. Indeed, is regarded by them
as being a military crime hardly sec
ond to cowardice "This offense," said
Platow, the most famous ataman in
Cossack history," "would not only sac
rifice the army to the swords of the
enemy, but entail a reproach on all
Cossacks and a distrust of all Cossacks
that no valor or service could re
A MASTER OF ORATORY.
Rev. Ant II. Shaw, Head of the
Woman Saflraft-e Association.
The new president of the National
American Woman Suffrage association.
Rev. Anna lloward Shaw, Is one of the
most gifted orators on the platform to
day. To a pleasing voice and fine de
livery she unites a rare fund of humor,
which enables her, as some one has
said, "to strike telling blows, but al
ways with a velvet hand."
Rev. Anna II. Shaw was born In
England, but at the age of five was
brought to this country, her parents
settling in Michigan in a region where
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BET. AXXA HOWAItD SHAW.
there was neither school nor library
and no reading save that supplied by
the walls of a log cabin, which were
covered with old copies of a religious
The environment of the young pio
neer, however, could not quench her
desire for knowledge, and from sucli
few opportunities as fell in her way
Miss Shaw educated herself suiHeient
ly to begin 'teaching- at the age of fif
teen. Of a deeply religious nature and
ssing remarkable 'ability as - a
public speaker she was granted a
preacher's license while still In her
teens by the Methodist conference of
her district. A couple of years later
6he entered the theological department
of Boston university, from which she
was graduated in 170. Her first pas
torate was at Hlngham. Mass.. from
which she went to East Dennis, where
for several years she preached for
both the Methodist and Congregational
churches. During her pastorate at
East Dennis Miss Shaw studied medi
cine at Roston university and received
the degree of doctor of medicine.
While pursuing her medical studies
she practiced among the poor of Ros
ton. Of this period of her career Miss
Shaw once said:
lor three years I worked in the
Roston slums, and my friends and I
often have a laugh at my medical
course. During all the time I prac
ticed medicine I earned 10 cents; it
was paid to me by an old dying wom
an, who would Insist on my taking car
fare when I went to see her. But
though I did not earn money at medi
cineand I did not go into it to earn
money I got other rewards that were
much better. My time was fully rec
ompensed by what I learned in those
Although a small woman, the 'Rev.
Anna H. Shaw has a commanding
stage presence. She Is thoroughly wom
anly In dress and manner, has white
hair and dark eyes and possesses a
Labor's Ohject Lesson.
To counteract the Influence of the
Chicago Employers' association, the
Chicago Federation of Labor is plan
ning for Memorial day an objet les
son In child labor, says a Chicago spe
cial dispatch. Arrangements are being
made for a parade of the 20.UUO chil
dren under sixteen years of age who
are employed In Chicago factories, de
partment stores and sweat shops. Or
ganizer Fitzpatrick believes he can
convince the public of the need of la
bor organizations. "We will show the
world bow we protect our 'infant in
dustries,' " he said.
Jipai'i Sibllmr Porte.
It Is a curious Tact that'wnen we
speak of the emperor of Japan as the
"mikado" we employ a word which
has almost exactly the same meaning
as when we speak of the Turkish "sub
lime porte." says the Manchester
Guardian. The actual meaning of mi
kado is "august gate."
A Rejeeted Reelpe.
Edith Just think! Here's a thought
professor who teaches that one can be
come beautiful by persistently thinking
herself beautiful. Irene Oh. pshaw!
We could point out so many Instances
to the contrary. Smart Set.
A Symplon Laeklac.
Do you think be Is really In love
with your asked Maud.
-I don't know,", answered Mamie.
"lie says be Is. but bis letters don't
sound a bit siUy." Washington Star.
HEAD OF ilORMONISil.
SMITH OF THE LATTER
His Five Wives and Ilia Great Power
In Itah What He Sara A boat Di
vine Revelations FoIrEamr R
Jected by Thonaaatla.
Joseph F. Smith, head of the Mormon
church, who was recently a witness be
fore the senate committee on privileges
and elections in the case of Senator
Reed Smoot of Utah, was emphatic In
expressing his adhesion to the principle
of polygamy and acknowledged that he
had five wives.
In the course of his testimony Mr.
Smith toid the committee that presi
dents of the Mormon church were sub
ject to "divine revelations." He said
that he adhered absolutely to all the
teaching of the church in regard to
them and that he had been visited with
inspirations from God directing him as
to details in matters relating to the
welfare of the church, though no angels
bad come to him, as In the ease of his
uncle, Joseph Smith, Jr.. the founder of
the sect. lie also said that he believed
in the revelation commanding polyg-
amy as made known to the first presi-
aent m a visit rroin "an angel m
Mr. Smith claimed that the founder
of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints had from time to time re
ceived "revelations" and that each suc
ceeding president had inherited his
power and had been chosen by twelve
apostles who were divinely Inspired in
making the choice. The principal books
of the Mormon faith are the Bible, the
Book of Mormon Doctrine and Cove
nants" and the "I'earl of Great Price."
According to President Smith, the
Book of Mormon Doctrine arid Cove
nants" was made up chielly of revela
tions made by Joseph Smith, Jr., the
expositions or declarations made by
him and revelations made by Brigham
Young. "The I'earl of Great Price"
consisted of revelations made by Jo
seph Smith, Jr., together with his
translations of ancient manuscripts.
The members of the Mormon church,
according to President Smith, are
among the freest, most independent
people of all the Christian denomina
tions. They have freedom of speech.
freedom of thought and are not all unit
ed on every principle of the church.
They are entitled to their own concep
tion of right and wrong. Not more'
than 4 per cent of the entire member
ship, he said, had contracted plural
marriages; all the rest had abstained.
from entering that state, and many
thousands had rejected the principle
Joseph Fielding Smith was elected
president of the Mormon church in suc
cession to Lorenzo Snow in November,
1001. He Is not only a stalwart leader
in the church, but also one of the ablest
men In Utah. He has a vigorous mind
and great force of character and is said
to be a worthy successor to the brainy
men who have held the presidency be
The present head of the Mormon
church was born in 1S3S. He was bap
tized Into the church when only twelve
years of age, and when he was twenty-
nine he was made one of the twelve
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JOSEPH V. SMITH.
apostles by ITesiaent rsngnam xoong.
Thirty -eight years ago be married his
first wife, and up to twenty years ago,
according to his own admissions, he
had married five other women, one of
whom had secured a divorce from him.
He- has forty-five children, eleven of
whom have been born to him since po
lygamy was abolished in 1S90 by the
In the early fifties Mr. Smith went
as a missionary to the Hawaiian Is
lands, and in 1S74 he was sent to Eng
land for the purpose of proselyting
In that country, work that attracted
wide attention at the time. -
As president of the church and trus
tee in trust for ell its property, Mr.
Smith has almost unlimited power.
On, the stand be admitted that the
church could claim all the property of
any member should It see fitT He has
supervision In a way-over every offi
cer, and while it is generally under
stood that the president .uever takes
action that is not sanctioned by bis
two counselors he. has the power to dls- 1
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; . w -i. -. , ,
otners. l nis.
however, has never been uoue.
President Smith was a member of
the constitutional convention of Utah,
and has several times been a member
of the legislature. He has large finan
cial and commercial Interests.
FEEDING COLLEGE MEN.
Results of a Xmv System on Trial at
Vegetarians who are interested in the
spread of their convictions about the
proper nourishment of the human body
will doubtless approve the new method
of feeding college undergraduates
which is on trial this year by the Har-
vard Dining association, w hich uses!
Memorial hall, in Cambridge, says Har-1
per's Weekly. The association does not
furnish the ebeaiiest board the Har
vard undergraduates can get. There are
two eating clubs that are less expen
sive. But it tries to keep the price of
food as low as it can. Until this year
It supplied meals on the "American
plan" for a price per week that was
determined by its expenses. But find-j
ing that there was expensive waste.
chielly in meat, fish and eggs, it devised
a new plan. It split the price of board
into two parts. Each boarder now or
ders the meat, fish and eggs that he
wants and pays for what he ha3. But
the cost of all other provisions tea.
coffee, milk, butter, vegetables, bread.
cereals and fruits and the cost of
service and runuing expenses are shar
ed by all alike. Last year board at
Memorial hall cost $4.i u week. This
year vegetarian board costs $2.00 a
week. Boarders who are content with
It need pay no more. Those who want
meat pay 11 or V2 cents a plate for
beef and get two eggs for 7 cents.
The new system is said to be very
popular. It seems exceptionally fa-
vorable for experiments with vegetable
diet and is likely, one would think, to
yield statistics of considerable interest.
The member of this association who
simply eats what is set before him be
comes a vegetarian for the time being
without special thought or care. He is
not tempted to eat meat because it Is
brought to him or because he has to
pay for it whether he wants it or not.
No doubt many boarders who don't
eschew meat altogether materially re
duce their consumption of It.
QUIET FOURTH OF JULY.
Chieairo Women Would Substitute
Poems and Oratory For Fireworks.
If future Fourth of July celebrations
are to be held in accordance with the
formula set down by the Ravenswood
Women's cTiib"75f Chicago the other
day there will be a howl from nil
Young America, says the Chicago In
'A has the fatal firecracker and the
death dealing giant powder!" was the
keynote of the "conversation" in which
the club members discussed "The Bet
ter Way to Celebrate the Fourth of
Here is the sweeping substitution in
celebration proposed at the meeting:
1 Ularious celebration.
There will not be much use in being
11 a small uoy lr toe club women have
their way and oust the firecracker.
'Fireworks contain bacteria of lock
jaw," said Dr. Wladislaw A- Kuflew-
ski of the board of education, who
was one of the speakers. "Death and
injury result from them. Let the chil
dren have a good time on the Fourth
of July in a quiet way. Picnics, pub
lic illuminations, public concerts in
the park and orations and recitations
by the children and poems and nation
al songs in the schools on the Fourth
would teach them a glorious opinion of
the significance of the day without the
terrible Jobs of life and property we
have, each year from the terrible fire
Mrs. T. r. Stanwood and Judge IIol-
dom were the other speakers, and they
supported the opinion that the fire
cracker was a dangerous thing and
hould be done away with. Fourth of
July or not.
Boacht Coffins For AH His Family.
A man who has already supplied cof
fins for his entire family of seven is J.
K. Helton of Decatur. Ala., says the
Louisville (Ky.) Herald. "Supersti
tious? Oh, no."' said Mr. Helton re
cently. "My family is crown, and
none of them Is apt to get any larger
or any smaller before he dies. My
brother was an undertaker up to six
months ago and through reverses in
business was compelled to dispose of
his wares at a sacrifice. I saw an op
portunity to buy coffins cheap. I am
always looking for a bargain, and I
did not let the opportunity slip. I
don't see any harm in preparing for a
thing which is certain to happen. 1
have reason to believe that every
member of my family will die some
day, and it Is a wise man that prepares
for a rainy day."
Tradlac Stamps oa WeddlaB" Fees.
Rev. Arthur Schleiter of the Luther
an cnurcn at iseaver Fall:, I an
nounces that during March he will give
fourfold tradinc stamps on all wedding
fees received by him. sajs the Philadel
phia Press. It Is said several other cler
gymen of the town have thought of
competing with Rev. Mr. .Schleiter by
offering more trading stamps. The pros
pects are that during March Beaver
Falls will have more weddings than at
any time in U& history.
THE IDOL OF JAPAN.
VICE ADMIRAL TOGO. COMMANDER
CF THE MIKADO'S FLEET.
How He. Established His Reputation
as a Determined Kitfhter Reeelved
His Early TraialuK at the Urltlxh
Vice Admiral Hehatchi Togo, com
mauder in chief of the mikado's war
fleets, who won the admiration of the
world by his daring torpedo attack ou
the Russian ships at Fort Arthur, is
one of tue foremost figures of the day.
As a fighter he has no superior In the
service of his emperor, and he is the
idol of his countrymen, who think him
the boldest admiral that sails the seas
Admiral Togo is now about lifty-five
years of age. He is not of princely or
noble birth, but is a simple gentleman,
one of the samurai of the great Sat
suma elan, as so many of his fellow
officers are. Ilis senior in rank, Ad-
miral Count lto (not to be confused
with his namesake. Marquis Ito, who
was in chief command of the navy
during the Chino-Japancse war and is
now chief of the naval headquarters
staff In Tokyo, is also a Satsuma sa
murai. Formerly the whole Japanese
fleet was otiieerod and manned by the
Satsuma in the same way that the
Japanese army was drawn from the
Admiral Togo received a great part
of his education at the Naval college,
Greenwich, where he went through the
regular course of instruction. He thus
understands a good deal of the history.
training and traditions of the British
navy, and he has brought this knowl-
edge to bear on his own with good ef
fect. In 1S94 when war broke out be
tween China and Japan he was in com
mand of the Naniwa, a cruiser of 3,050
tons, one of the vessels composing what
was then known as the first flying
squadron of the Japanese navy. Dur
ing the war he greatly distinguished
himself and earned the reputation of
being a first class commander. It was
in connection with the episode of the
sinking of the troopship Kowshing that
his name first came into worldwide
Ia the course of the war Td"o saw a
great deal of fighting. He was present
at the first battle of Fhungdo and at
the battle of Haiyaug; he took part in
the bombardment of Tankcbow, and
saw the destruction at Weihaiwei of
all that was left of the Chinese fleet.
Ills ship was repeatedly struck, but re
ceived no vital damage. The fame of
Togo grew. He was known as a man
of resolution and resource, most of all
as a hard and determined lighter.
When the war was over he was
raised to the rank of rear admiral and
promoted to the third command in the
.Japanese fleet. Prior to his present
appointment he was commander in
chief at Maizura, a dockyard on the
sea of Japan. Maizura is not one of the
largest yards in the island empire, but
is a suitable port trom wiucn troops
maj.be dionatehed to Korea owing to
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VICT AD3JIEAL TOGO. JAPAS'S GREAT NA
its comparative nearness to the penin
sula. In person Tot;o Ls a short, somewhat
stout man, with full black beard and
mustache and a distinctively Japanese
appearance. lie is not a great talker. In
deed in manner he Ls rather reserved.
Above all, he is a cool, resolute, cour
ageous sailor, quick and alert of per
ception, but calm and not precipitate
in action. He knows his fleet well;
knows what it can do to a nicety. He
also knows the spirit and temper of
his men, freshly stirred at tliis time to
a fever of patriotism. Japan expects
much from him and his men and has
no fear that they will disappoint her.
It is Togo's d"Stiny to direct the
movements of one of the most formi
dable war ma hines ever built, for Ja
pan has created in less than ten years
as perfect and powerful a war fleet as
any of similar size on the globe. At
this iorilous crisis in her history
has chosen to place the working of tb;s
machine In the hands of Admiral Tozo,
a cliolce unuonftoiiy mai'? after iie
delileratian and afti r a careful survey
of all the possibilities of the situation.
Thet jirS'i - and . his. aivhj?rs knew
that in this matter there must be no
mistake, and the unanimous approval
of the nation, expressed on Togo's ap
pointmeut to the chief command
shows that he Is regarded as the right
man in the right place.
THE BELLES OF JAPAN.
Ladies of the Island Empire Are
Xoted For Graee and Beanty.
The women of Japan, considered to
be the most beautiful of the Asiatics,
are small and graceful, not exceeding
four feet four inches in height, and
have beautifully formed hands and
feet. The complexions of the youn
women and girls are clear and healthy.
often of a childlike rosy hue. and vary
from copper color to almost white
This latter color is considered an evl-
A JAPANESE BEAUTY.
dence of aristocratic descent. Their
color is never yellow like that of the
The distinguishing feature of the na
tive costume of a Japanese lady is the
obi, or girdle. This is several yards
In length and is wrapped around the
waist and tied in a bow at the back.
The holiday obi is verv sliowv and or
nate, and is made of beautifully col
ored silk and adorned with rich em
broidery. It is almost the only part of
the costume which gives scope for dis
play, with the exception, perhaps, of
This is a most elaborate affair and Is
built on a foundation of cardlward.
The hair, well oiled, is drawn smoothly
over tlie foundation, and Into it are put
flowers, combs, fancy pins and other
small ornaments. The result is fre-
liiently an artistic triumph.
When the Japanese belle goes abroad
her little feet are protected by wooden
sandals two inches high. They are fas
tened with p. white cord, which passes
between the great toe and Its neighbor
and then crosses the foot. All who
have visited the mikado's dominions
agree that the Japanese belle Is most
charming to behold.
There was at one time a wonderful
emerald extant with white corners,
while all the rest of the stone was of
its proper velvety dark green hue. This
stone was used as an illustrative proof
that emeralds were born white, but
ripened Into the right color in the mine,
time working one of its usual mira
cles on the crystal. Indeed, beryl, that
pale green stone exactly like the emer
ald In all essentials save color, has
often been called the mother of emer
ald. Aquamarine is a beryl in other
words, an unripe emerald, not yet ma
tured into the proper tint, and of this
the commoner varieties are by no
means rare. Yet it Is to be doubted
whether these unripe stones would
ever mature into the true and lawful
lustrous emerald.- London Queen.
What Gold Ileaters Can Do.
Gold beaters, by hammering, can re
duce gold leaves so thin that 2S2,(XJO
must be laid upon each other to pro
duce the thickness of an inch; yet each
leaf is so perftt and free from holes
that one of them laid upon any surface.
as in gilding, gives the appearance of
solid gold. They are so thin that If
forim-d into a book 1,500 would only
occupy the space or a single leaf or
common paper, and an octavo volume
of an Inch thick would have as many
pages as the looks of a well stocked
library of l,50u volumes with :J0O pages
The Everlo,stlnK Smokers.
Is it our own fault that men now
smoke all over the house. In close car
riages with ladies and letwoen the
dances at a ball? Men of the old school
there are a few left of the fine old
type that observes the rules of cour
tesy where women are concerned,
would not dream of asking a girl to
dance while shedding around them
odors of whisky and tobacco. Rut the
young men of the day, with a few de
lightful exceptions, make it their con
stant practice. London Truth.
Foxy Admiral Toko.
Who throws the shrieking nhilla.
And war's fierce pa.-an loudly swells.
And Japan's naval frowss tells?
Who ia It hamrrvrs at the pat?.
And bl'ls th Hubs beware his fate.
And kri'K-ks big hu!n In armor plats?
Wha 1s It hHi h!a every los.
And Elves his head an airy toss.
Axul p?-ore3 himself a foxy boss?
. Cleveland Plain Ialer.
ii Jr r """ i
STORIES OF OLD ABE.
Exploits of Historic War Eaglo
Related by Veterans.
CAUGHT BY AN INDIAN CHEF.
Old War Pet That Led a Wisconsin
Infantry Regiment Into Many Dat4
ties Had Its First Kscapade at U
Louis Narrow Useape at Ticks
bnrjr. Where It l'crforated Its Most
Above the lamentations over tha
burning of the Wisconsin state capltol,
with its hoard of valuable archives
and chronicles, were heard the bewail
lngs of the "Old Ciuard" mourning the
loss of Old Abe, the world famous
battle eagle, says a Madison dispatch
to the Chicago Record-Herald. Hun
dreds of family hearths were turned
into bivouac fires the other night whila
veterans foregathered to swap yarns
of the bird that led t,he Klghfh Wis
consin infantry into thirty-six battles
of the civil war, from Frederlckstown
to Hurricane creek.
The loss of the stuffed bird that for
two decades from its perch under tbu
great dome had surveyed with imper
turbable gaze thousands of visitors
and sightseers has stirred a revival of
stories of the old war pet.
Old Abe, of whom half Wisconsin is
talking, was captured on the Flambeau
river, between Ashland and Price
counties, in 1801, by Chief Sky. a
L'hippeway Indian. Chief Sky caught
the young bird after a climb to the
top of a gigantic hemlock tree and a
week later realized on his adventure
by selling his captive for a bushel of
corn. The bird was carried to Eau
Claire Just as Compuny C was being
mustered in. The lumbermen from the
pine woods voted in the eagle as a vol
unteer, and after a surgeon's examina
tion it was added to the list of recruits
and began its course from obscurity to
Stories of Old Abe, as they pass
among the veterans, credit him with
miraculous feats and achievements. It
was in St. Ixmis, on the way to the
front, that the bird had its first es
capade. The veterans say that it was
annoyed by negroes, who sneeringly
called it "buzzard" and "crow," but at
any rate the eagle broke its cord and
soared above the chimney tops and
perched on the peak of a mansion. It
was captured with difficulty after tlio
standard bearer had mollitied it with
an address in the Chippewny tongue.
In January, 1802, at Cairo, 111., Old
Abe, who was becoming cadaverous
from a diet of hard tack and "salt
horse," scraped up an acquaintance
with Frank, a dog that he taught to
go out foraging for squirrels and rab
bits. According to the stories, the ca
nine friend treated the eagle as the
ravens did Elijah. One day the for-
er was unsuccessful, and Old Abe
dug his talons Into the dog's back, and
the partnership was over.
In the battle before Corinth, Old Abo
was aloft in sight of the army, "whirl
ing and dancing on his perch." Rat
tles made him voracious by this time.
Thomas J. Hill of Eau Claire, his
bearer, unavoidably entangled the rope
in a clump of bushes, when the eagle
became exasperated and struck his
talons Into his master's face. Illinded,
the soldier rushed down the line, fol
lowed by his comrades, who made one
of the most desperate charges In tho
history of the regiment.
It was In a charge before Vicksburg,
May 22, 1SG3, that Old Abo performed
his most renowned feat. W. Edward
Homaston was carrying the standard
when he fell- prostrate. His comrades
rushed by, and the eagle, eager to be
at the front, dragged him in the direc
tion of the battle until they struck a
log und were thrown back togelher
Into a clump of bushes. At that In-'
stant a cannon ball passed overhead.
At Alexandria Old Abe emulated the
example of the geese ut Rome and
gave warning of the approach of tho
enemy at nightfall. His whistle sent
out scouts, who caught a spy, whom
they forced to give up the countersign,
and lead them into the besieged city.
The bird seemed to bear a charmed'
life. Not one of his bearers, conspicu
ous marks as they were, was shot
down. The soldiers declared that the
bird dodged the bullets. In his last
battle, where a rout seemed imminent.
Old Abe rallied his regiment by de
vouring a rabbit on his perch, heedless
of roarlug cannon and shrieking shell.
At the close of the war the bird be
came a pensioner at Madison, having a
room to himself In the basement of tbe
capitol. He was exhlblt-d at gather
ings of soldiers all over the country.
A cold caused tbe bird's death, March
FlKnrlacc It Oat.
Did the old lady give you anything
when you took her trunk upstairs with- .
out knockln' the lid off? Inquired the
".No, but she thanked me kindly."
"Well. kin$ words will never die, re
turned the first porter.
"Neither will they buy groceries."
Olsposlaa of Papa.
"1 always contend, sir," said the girl's
father meaningly, "tliat young men
should be In bed before 10:3O each
"Yes?" replied the young man who
was calling on the girl. "I hope you
set that good example yourself, sir."