Newspaper Page Text
THE AEGTJS, THORSDAT, J1AECH 31, 1904.
lERICES'UP; WAGES CUT
fcPxotccted. Trusts and Monopo-
f lies In Full Control.
CITY OF ROCK ISLAND, ILLINOIS
JALEc CLASSES AT THUS MEEOY.
ut of 1.1 Tin ft Kow For(rthKe Per
I Cent HlKber Than Wkti Dingrley
I Dill Becam at Law-Wifrn Hare
Declined. Twenty or Thirty; Per
I Cent PrJeea still Advancing.
! The object lessons now being pat be
fore the workinjrmen, clerks, profes
sional men and others with fixed sal
aries or lncomes'as to the benefits and
evils of Dingley tariff duties are so
conspicuous that the ordinary wayfar
ing man must see and understand
them. Never before was It so easy to
see things so clearly. If there ever
.was a time when the wages and sal
ary men might be excused for thinking
that high protective tariffs were their
friends that time is not now. They
have but to open their eyes and look
about to see that the present Dingley
duties are cutting them both ways
by causing reduced work and wages
and by causing higher prices and in
creased cost of living. What do we
With the cost of living at the highest
point recorded In modern times we see
hundreds of thousands of workers
thrown out of work and hundreds of
thousands working at greatly reduced
wages. Often the same tariff protect
ed trusts which are advancing the
prices of their products are compel
ling their employees to accept lower
We will first consider the increased
cost of living. Dun's review publishes
every month ''index" numbers which
fihow the relative cost of living at dif
ferent times. These figures are based
upon quotations of SoO articles, with
due allowance for the relative impor
tance of each. It is the most accurate
and scientific of nil the methods of
showing the average price of commodi
ties and the relative cost of living.
These figures indicate that the cost
of living was G per cent greater in 1900
than In lS!j, 31 per cent greater in
1900 than in 107, 43 per cent greater
on March 1, 1904. than on July 1. 1897,
and more than G per cent greater on
March 1, 1904, than on Oct. 1, 1903.
Thus, while wages declined more
than lia per cent from 1S90 to 1900,
according to our census figures, aver
age prices rose G per cent. This indi
cates a reduction in actual wages of
nearly S per cent. As we bad even
higher protection in 1900 than in 1S9J
It is not easy to see how the working
man is being blessed by the protection
cf the Republicans trust variety.
Rut July 1, 1S97, was just before the
passage of- the Dingley tariff bill,
which has given us the highest rates
ever known and which is the mother
of hundreds of greater trust.- than the
world ever before saw. Under this
tariff-trust law the cost of living has
risen 43 per cent. The most reckless
Republican figure makers in the coun
try will not claim that average wages
have gone up 43 per cent since 1S07,
nor will they deny that wages have
declined greatly since Oct. 1, 1903.
tdnee which time the cost of living
has risen more than 0 per cent.
There can be no doubt about the
great declln" In wages since last Octo
ber. The Democratic leader of the
bouse of representatives, lion. John
Sharp Williams, as well as Congress
men Robert Raker, Allan Rcnny, Wil
liam Hughes, William W. Ruekcr.
Robert Lamar and others, has had
printed in the Congressional R.x'ord
evidence of wage reductions and closed
m!l!s on a very large scale.
These Include ltW.OOO employees of
the steel trust whose wages were r.e
ported to have leen reduced an aver
age of 10 per cent, but which, if we
may Judge from comparisons of old
and new scales in recent numbers of
the Iron Age, average more nearly CO
per cent and, for many skilled work
ers, exceed 40 per cenL
They Include SD.000 employees in the
cotton mills of New England who are
now idle or working at wages 10 per
cent below those of last fall. They In
clude some 200.1M1 or 3O0.O00 em
ployees of the railroads who are either
laid off or are getting wages from 5 to
20 per cent lower than those received
last year. They Include, of course
tens of thousands employed In mills
outside of those in the steel trust and
outside of the New England cotton
mills. It Is safe to say that hundreds
of thousands are now idle who were
employed a year ugo and that millions
are now working at wages from 5 to
oO per cent below those received a
Nor Is this all. The. mill closing,
wage reducing and price advancing
process is ptlll going on. On Feb. 11
we were told that the eight plants of
the National Glass company were idle
and 4,000 Hint glass workers were on
Etrlke against the proposed reduction
In wages. The National Glass IJudget
of March 12 stated that after a ses
sion lasting a week the window glass
workers had consented t a - per
cent reduction in wages. On March IS
It was announced that "the Independ
ent Window Glass company" met at
Columbus, O., "and decided upon a 5
per cent advance la the price of
window glass, effective Monday."
The Iron Age of March 10 contained
mention of numerous closed mills and
wage reductions and also the follow
There Is no doubt whatever that
the union tin plate mills will demand
from the "Amalgamated association a
material reduction in wages of tin
plate workers from the -.present scale.
Heavy reductions In wages have been
made In the sheet miil scale, both is
MODEST A. VERHALB
WILLIAM KENNEDY Q MORRIS W. BATTLES HARRY G. GLENN
For Assistant Supervisors
For Assistant Supervisors
PI ROBERT R.LYNN
n LOUIS N. B0URDEAU
JAMES II. LAM0NT
PI EDWIN WARD
For Assistant Supervisors
PAUL L. IIENNEBEKG
PI ARTHUR VAN DAELE
PI JOHN F. M0ELLER
GEORGE W. HENRY
NELS E. L. B0HMAN
For Assistant Supervisors
MARTIN T. RUDGREN J0IINC.AULD
PI EVERETT I. THOMPSON
nalon and nonunion mills, and general
reductions in wages have also been
made in all other classes of labor."
On the next page of this number of
the Iron Age is a "comparison of
prices" table. It gives prices for
March 9 and 2 and for Feb. 10, 1901,
and for March 11. V.nKl. of the forty
four articles mentioned in this table
the prices of twenty are unchanged
from those of the previous month, the
prices of four are reduced and the
prices of twenty are increased.
These facts from these great trade
journals disclose clearly the trend of
events in the industrial world. They
show that the protected trusts have
such a tight grip upon production and
prices that they have both their em
ployees anil the consumers at their
mercy. They can put up prices while
putting down wages. High tariff du
ties on goods give them a monopoly in
our markets and enable them to dic
tate prices at will. Free trade in labor
and the arrival of nearly 1,000.000 Im
migrants last year make labor plenti
ful, break the partial monopoly of the
trade unions and enable the trusts to
dictate the prices for labor.
What Is ealled protection" Is now
and always has been a very one sided
protection. It means for the manufac
turers as against all others, "Heads I
win; tails you lose." It Is because of
these facts and the general depression
In industry that Mr. John Mitchell ad
vised the United Mine Workers to vote
in favor of the acceptance of a ii's per
cent reduction In wages. This the near
ly 2Hi,000 miners have just done re
gardless of the fact that the cost of
living Is now much higher than ever
Many other similar facts could be
cited to the same effect. Thus, in New
York city, where tens of thousands of
workers are now idle, rents for houses,
tenements and flats have this year been
advanced an average of about 10 per
cent. Rents in other cities have prob
ably risen correspondinglj-. They rise
because the cost of constructing build
ings has for two or three years been at
the highest point known and has re
stricted the supply of buildings.
It is certain that the "full dinner
pail" argument during the coming pres
idential election will sound hollow and
empty and will fall fiat on the ears of
the workers. Will the resourceful Re
publicans be able to invent some other
equally foolish phrase with which to
beguile the tariff taxed and trust rid
den workers? Can they run away from
the mountain high object lessons which
6urround the voters on all sides?
IIYRON W. HOLT.
prise, and the lion boldly carries off
the carcass to devour it where he will.
The folk who live on the outskirts of
jungles in the lion's country sometimes
lose their sheep and goats when a hun
gry linn can muster courage to go near
a human habitation in his search for
food, lie goes at night and stealthily.
Who knows but that his heart goes
pit-a-pat and his big limbs tremble at
every sudden noise? The natives of
India and of Africa know, however,
that they can frighten away a thieving
lion by fire and torches. If cornered
and forced to fight ho will do battle
savagely, bu he doesn't seek an open
.fight, and any traveler will tell you
that as a rule the "king of beasts"
bolts on sighting a man.
To be as lold as a partridge an
brave, unselfish, daring, heroic, as a
partridge is something one might be
proud to boast. No lion defends its
young with the courage of a partridge.
The lioness at bay will turn in defense
of her cubs, will fight the enemy, will
spring at him furiously; the partridge
will leave its little ones quite unpro
tected In the nest, or wherever they
may be in hiding, and will otter herself
to spare them. It is not the unthink
ing heroism of excitement. The bird
knows what she is doing and the dan
ger. She schemes to attract attention
to herself, but she manages to lead the
dogs on, and she escapes. We at least
have never heard anything in the life
history of the partridge so sad as that
the mother bird has been taken at that
supreme moment. Under the very nose
of the dogs she will flutter and limp,
with drooping wing, to deceive them
into the belief that she is lamed and
cannot fly. New York Mail.
"AS BOLD AS A LION."
Rather Say Dold as m Tartrldare If
Von Would Be Eiart.
The only explanation of the adage.
"As bold as a lion." Is that the lion's
magnificent, muscular body, his noble
head, great mane, the fact that he Is a
wild Iteast and still more probably
his deep throated roar that sounds so
extraordinarily bold have made him
feared for generations. Rut the lion
belongs to the family of cats and is
not Ixjid. To those who know lMst he
is not brave even in the hour of dan
ger. The lioness, who is smaller, less
terrible to look upon and is without a
mane, is brave in defense of her young,
but she. too. is not lx!d. She is merely
bolder than the lion. In comparison
with any animal that can face danger
and Cht "fair" the lion Is a coward.
To prove It let us see for a moment
how it Is that the lion chooses to hunt
The lion does not hunt. In the reeds
unl grasses near some pool in the jun
gle he lies hidden where he knows that
other animals will go to drink. Cat
like, he leaps uion his victim, striking
U with his M)w-rful paws. Then his
great jaws break tLe neck of the un
fortunate creature he has. taken by eux-
Ttie KIiik and the Preacher.
Dr. South on one occasion after
preaching before Charles II., who, by
the way, did not care any more than
the humblest dissenter to listen to a
read sermon, was twitted by the king
cf having read from a manuscript.
"How is it. Dr. South." said his majes
ty, "that you, who are so famous for
preaching without book, should read
your sermon when you preach before
me?" "May I answer your majesty
with another question?" replied the
witty doctor. "How is it that your
majesty always reads your speeches
to your faithful commons?" "Odslis'i.
doctor," said Charles, "lecause I have
asked them for money so often that by
this time I am ashamed to look them
in the face." Tr. South, it must le
admitted, had fairly laid himself open
to the retort.
Kverything for the equipment .of
shop;; and factories. We beg to call
your attention to our complete line of
which is comprised cf the celebrated
"YALE TRIPLEX DUPLEX" and
Weston's Differential. All sizes carried
Louis Hanssen's Sons,
213, 13 WE.ST SECOND ST. DAVENPORT, IOWA.
He Kept Ills Seat.
The nearsighted man, comfortably
ensconced in the corner of the car,
looked up at the woman who was hold
ing a large bundle In one hand while
she clung to the strap with the other.
"Madam," said he. a wave of sudden
generosity sweeping over him. "I make
it a rule never to give my seat up to
any woman, but I will be glad to help
you. Let me hold your bundle for
"Oh. thank you. sir," replied the fair
passencer; I hope yon know how."
Whcrcuinn she deposited a gurgling
six-month-old Infant in his lap. to the
undisguised joy of the rest of the strap
holders. Cincinnati Times-Star.
The Road For You
Is the one most travelers use
II. D. MACK,
Gcn'l Agent A. T. & S. F. R'y.
Scenery and service
will please you.
Chair cars are
The Pullmans arc
likes Harvey's dining cai
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
Take the California limited via Santa Fe for
Los Angeles and 'Frisco.
m-h-i- :-:- :-f-w-
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? 25 years of successful experience in curing Chronic, Nervous and Pri- J
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T mm m ini ij I i in n
m I.. -, p. f ... j--f.., 'Wt.,..!
DR. J. E. WALSH.
Dr. Walsh. Cures When Others FaJl.
The Paternal Idea.
Miss Rosley I lost my heart last
nlcht, pa. I accepted Mr. Poorman.
Mr. Roxley Huh! You didn't lose
vour heart. You must have lost your
h ea d. Ph i 1 a del p h I a I.ed ger.
Spare Others. '
"Yon talk an awful lot about vour-
"Well, it keeps me from talkins about
other people." Detroit Free Press,
"Mirth is God's medicine,' said Dr.
Oliver Wendell Holmes.
The Ideal Winter
Route to California
Is ia El Paso.
It takes you through orange groves and across a sea
of silt, ji.i-t the crumbling ruins of old missions and un
der the shadow of mountains compared with vUdoh (iib
rallar is a p!a thing; across rivers and plains glittering
in 1!;e rays of the most brilliant sunshine in America;
through towns that have? grown up in a night, and others
that were old before New England was new.
Climatically, mi other transcontinental route compares
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three-fourths of the way no cold weather.
Through trains daily to Los Angeles r.nd San Francis
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a Nervous Debility, 4
I SleenTessness. Stricture. Weakness of Men. Failinar Memorv. Mental X-
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4 suffering from Nervous Exhaustion, Headache, Rackache, Constipa- "
" tion, Neuralgia, Palpitation of the Heart, or any other disease pecu- J
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f vast experience.
'j REMEMRER, IT PAYS TO CONSULT THE REST FIRST.
J Vibration 5xnd Electricity. X
CO years experience has made Dr. Walsh a master of 1he.se methods
JL of curing chronic diseases, lie uses all forms of Electricity, including
i Earadism. Calvinism, Cataphoresis, Sinusoidal, Static and High i're- -I
T quency Currents.
JL is a frequent cause of nervous and physical decline. Why treat months T.
I with others when we can positively cure you in from one to three T
J Or-'y curable cases taken. If you cannot call, write. Hundreds j
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X HOURS: 9 to 12 a. m., 2 to 5 and 7 to 8 p. m.; Sundav, 11:30 to 1:. 10 p.m.
$DR. J. E. WALSH,
t DAVENPORT. IOWA.
H-K H-H -'"I-:-:-!- 4-K-!KH !-!"KI -I-H-H- M-I-M
F. H. PLUMMER,
ROCK ISLAND, IT I.
S. F. BOYD, D. P. A.. Davenport, low.
Good to mc!
I am going on one of the
Santa Fe excursions and get
some of it. The cream will
be ready to skim soon.
The Santa Fe Southwest
is the best farming country in the world and
reached by the best railway.
Aik for new illustrated pamphlets ahout the Santa Fe
W. J. BLACK
Cen. Pass. At t A. T. L 5. F. Ry. ,