Newspaper Page Text
ROCK ISLAND ARGUS.
VOL. LI1I. NO. 171.
ROCK ISLAND, ILL., SATURDAY, MAY 7, 104
PAGES 9 TO 12.
UNCLE SAM S WONDERS.
Executive Departments Send Treasures to FaJr
AIDS THE VETERANS.
3 How Uncle Sam Look After His Old Soldiers 9
7 - t V llo35. ,huria Jfr"
The United States Government build
ing at the World's Fair occupies an
elevated Bite Just south of the main
picture of the Exposition. The great
central dome of the Government build
Ing Is visible from the very center of
the Fair, looking across the picturesque
sunken garden that lies between the
Palaces of Mines and Metallurgy and
The bill slope In front of the Gov
ernment building Is terraced with
broad stairways almost completely
covering the slope. The building is 800
feet long by 250 feet wide and Is the
largest structure ever provided at an
exposition by the federal government.
g is distinguished from all the other
large buildings at the Exposition by
the steel truss construction, the entire
roof being supported by steel arches,
forming a splendid domed celling.
In this building are Installed the ex
hibits of nil the executive departments
of the government. The building is a
vast storehouse of an endless variety
of treasures dear to the heart of every
true American. Precious documents
are to be seen here, and the autographs
of our great men of the past are on
display. Kelica of famous statesmen
and soldiers, carefully prcsorvi-d
through generations, are exhibit d.
Each governmental department has in
Stalled an exhibit showing Its ollk-Iul
character and mode of operation.
Entering the Government building
from the eastern end. the visitor sees
at his left a rnllrond postoffiee car.
This Is not a mere conch standing idle.
LOUISIANA FVitC'HASE MONUMENT, WORLD S
but is one of the most improved mail
curs. In which men attached to the
United States railway mall service ure
netlvely engaged in 'throwing" the
malls. Here you will see the postal
clerks nt work. Just ns they work while
speeding along a railroad track.
A curious collection of old time rel
ics from the postoffiee museum at
Washington illustrates as DO verbal
description can do the crude begin
nings of the postal system. One of
these relics is nn old fashioned stnge
coneh that once carried United States
mails through a portion of the Louisi
ana purchase territory. Iresldent
Roosevelt, who once Inspected it, ex
amined with a rough rider's Interest
the bullet holes which stage robbers
and mountnln brigands shot through
its stiff leathern curtains. Generals
Sherman and Sheridan nnd President
Garfled rode in this old conch during
the strenuous dnys of frontier life.
Among the collection of documents
showing the primitive postal methods
In vogue In the enrly days Is to be
seen the old book of accounts kept by
the first postmaster general, Benjamin
Franklin, all written by hand. There
Is a rare collection of stamps. Includ
ing ancient Filipino. Porto Kican and
Cuban stamps. The postofflce depart
ment's exhibit occupies 12.400 square
Across the aisle, at the right. Is the
exhibit of the new Department of"
Commerce and Labor, occupying UM8
Square feet. This exhibit shows what
the new executive department stands
for and what it is accomplishing. Mr.
Carroll P. Wright. United States Com
missioner of Labor, had charge of the
preparation of the exhibit. Charts ar
ranged by him, showing the rapid
growth of the nation in agriculture,
arts, manufacture, population, etc.. are
of spcHal Interest to sociologists and
all students of the lalor problem. The
Census Bureau exhibit Is made In this
section. It shows the tabulating ma
chines used in compiling the census re
ports. The Lighthouse Board, also oj
crating under this department, shows
the great revolving lenses In light
houses, with other interesting appli
ances. The space In the projecting north
vest corner of the building is devoted
to the Library of Congress. The edi
fice which houses this library at Wash
ington is held by many architects to
be the moat beautiful building In the
world. Its ulterior decorations, by El
mer Ellsworth Garnsey. furnish one
of the chief delights of a visit to the
national capital. A large model of this
bpiendid building Is a feature of the
exhibit. The decorative features of
fhe Interior are reproduced in their
The next exhibit on the right hand
side of the central aisle is that of the
Interior Department, occupying 11.792
square feet. In this large space the
visitor finds so uiuny things of com
pelllng interest that he Is loiith to
leave. The Patent Office exhibit be
longs to this section. There are mod
els of many machines that have borne
an important part in the development
of the nation's industries. The earliest
form of every device of human inven
tlon. so far as possible. Is shown here
For instance, you may see the actual
sewing machine that was the first con
trivance of its kind every constructed;
It was patented In 1H4; by Ettas. Howe
The first typewriter, patented by C
Thurber in 1S4; the model of the first
cast Iron plow, patented by Charles
Newbold in 17U7; the first screw pro
peller, invented by Kobert Hook in
1080: and many other "first"' things
are to be seen. The model of Abraham
Lincoln's celebrated device for lifting
steamboats off shoals Is shown here
The first harvesting machine, made in
the year 1'tO II. C, is one of the most
ancient exhibits at the Exposition.
There is also a model of the first steam
engine, made in Egypt in the same
Every foot of the 200,000 feet of
floor space in Uncle Sam's World's
Fair building is occupied by exhibits
of surpassing interest, anil every phase
of the people's welfare is shown.
THE WOMAN MINISTER.
Haa Come to Star In the
The woman minister has come to
stay In Congregationalism. While
other denominations, like the Metho
dists and Episcopalians, refuse to or
dain women, the Congregational de
nomination, in most sections of the
country nt least, seems willing to np-
prove well quulified women or to ex
tend to them the same opportunities
In the Congregational ministry that are
offered to worthy and well educated
men. The divinity schools of the de
nomination admit women to their
courses, and some of them, like Hart
ford Theological seminary, make a
specialty of the opportunities offered
And yet It Is not likely that there will
be such a pressure fromthe feminine
side of the house Into the ranks of the
ministry as to crowd the men to the
wall. Here and there a man of mod
erate ability may be set one side for a
brilliant, attractive woman, but that
would be his fate when he came Into
competition with a man possessing the
And at any rate, ns In the case of the
law and medicine. It will probnbly only
be the occasional woman In coming
years who will choose the ministry
for her profession. But it seems cer
tain that, provided they possess the de
sirable natural and acquired qualifica
tions, women will In? welcome In the
Congregntional ministry at least and
find an importnt work to do for their
fellow mcn and women. Boston Tran
script. THE MONEY QUESTION.
nl Problem With Which Many
Wives llavr to Wrestle.
Perhaps the first difficulty young
wives have to encounter, as well as
the last that old wives have still to
wrestle with. Is the question of money.
Most women are by nature economical.
They watch outgo more carefully than
men do and plan expenditures more
closely. The extravagant women are
usually those whose lives have not
been allowed to develop naturally, who
have been forced Into an economic de
pendence nnd taught the Joys of spend
ing, with none of the counterbalancing
diflieultles of earning. But even such
women have economical streaks in the
midst of their lavishness a sort of
spasmodic reversion to type. In spite
of this there is In most masculine
minds n deep seated distrust of wom
an's financial ability, and the conse
quence Is that the world Is full of
careful. Industrious wives nagged and
hindered by careless, impulsive hus
bands, who take to themselves the
credit of the wife's savings and throw
upon her the blame of their own loose
methods. Few of these women like to
assert themselves baldly ns their bus
baadV financial superiors some of
them even aid him in his joyful career
of self deception and when In desper
ation they are driven to take the reins
into their own bands it hurts them
worse thnn it does the husbands. Har
Alms la Style.
"Fall styles for children." read Mrs.
Hooper. "That seems like a great ex
travagance. Just look at the illustra
That's all right." commented Mr.
Hooper. "Ous children have all sorts
of fall styles, and most of them are
illustrated with bumps." Chicago
Couldn't Iaderataaa It.'
"What did you kick my dog for?
"The worthless cur bit me."
"Impossible! He is an intelligent
dog and has plenty of wholesome food
at home." Sterling Standard.
lAJf 'SmC' r,u a
CURIOUS THINGS FROM CHINA
The Mot Magnificent Beds Ever Seen
Are Part of Ihe Celestial Empires
World's Fair Exhibit.
The Chinese exTiibit nt the World's
Fnir is filled with pleasing surprises.
Some of the most magnificent articles
of furniture are a part of this wonder
ful display. The carving and inlaying
of Ivory, bone and wood illustrate the
marvelous skill of the Chinese.
Models included In this interesting
exhibit show the homes and home life
of the Chinese, their weddings and
funerals, Chinese tea house, restau
rant and shop, Chinese weaving and
some of the beautiful silks and wear
big apparel of the Chinese nnd their
methods of manufacturing them.
One feature of the exhibit is two
maenlfleent Chinese beds, each of
which has the appearance of being n
small bouse of great beauty. One is a
summer bed. the other for winter. The
6ummer bed Is hand carved and inlaid
with ivory and bone figures and laud
scapes exquisitely carved and so
skillfully joined as to appear a part of
the wood. The bed and furniture are
of carved bamboo. The bed consists of
un anteroom, with tables, chairs and
tea stands, and in an inner room, which
Is the sleeping apartment, there is a
couch with coverings of gauzy silks.
The winter bed is still more elabo
rate. It consists ol three compartments.
The first contains four chairs, a tea poy
and n chest of drawers. This is the sit
ting apartment. The second is the dress
ing room, and the third is the sleep
ing apartment, or the couch Itself. The
furniture is of rosewood inlaid with
Ivory carving of birds, flowers and
trees. The couch is covered with silks
of the finest texture and in gaudy col
ors. The sleeping compartments are
lighted with Chinese lanterns of silk
bung at the outer entrance, while the
light enters through gauze panels, hand
painted and In forms of rosewood in
laid with ivory figures.
A table and dish made of highly pol
ished ash, with exquisitely carved
bamboo figures inlaid, ure shown. The
work Is so artistically done that each
article seems to have been made of
one piece of wood.
There is nlso a large display of Chi
nese lanterns made of silk, gauze and
other light material and some made of
beads artistically arranged with glass"
centers. The silk and gauze are beau
tifully hand painted.
There are models of some of the
great Chinese temples, theaters and
arches, showing elaborate curving in
wood and Ivory and two large elephant
tusks exquisitely carved.
It is said the towel is an enemy to a
beautiful face, for It breaks the tis
sues. It is said that The Romans used
skeins of silk after the bath instead of
towels to keep the skin nice.
An ounce of clove pink petals infused
In three-quarters of pint of pure al
cohol with a few verbena leaves is a
refreshing odor for the bath.
Don't despise the humble lemon.
With the Juice of a lemon nnd the
beaten white of an egg milady, brush
In hand, may touch up her freckles in
the seclusion of her boudoir and no
one be the wiser.
If your hair la thin and oily an ex
cellent hair tonic la made of bay rum
and Jaborandl. one pint of the former
to a quarter of an ounce of the latter.
Massage it Into the scalp every night.
The hair should be fluffy next day.
Prolts of Literary Plraey.
The octogenarian Mr. Charles Henry
Clarke. Just dead, netted a clear 18,
000 out of ""Cncle Tom's Cabin." That
was In the evil old days when literary
piracy was rampant on both sides of
the Atlantic and "moral rights" were
of less value than waste paper. But
Mr. Clarke, having Ideas of his own.
took the liberty of anticipating copy
right conventions by sending Mrs.
Reecher Stowe a thousand guineas.
Had he acted within the four corners
of the law the author's check would
hare been drawn for precisely 0 0s.
Dd. London Outloc.V.
HOSTILITIES IN MANCHURIA
Andrew Jensen and Hta Revelation
Concerning Latter Day Sain tn.
One of the most interesting witnesses
in the senate hearing of the Reed
Ssioot case was Andrew Jensen, as
sistant historian of the Mormon church,
who contributed much information ns
to the organization of the Latter Day
In the course of his testimony Jen
sen said there are fifty-three stakes and
700 wards in Zion, a president being at
the hend of ench stake and a bishop of
the wards. A stake is about the size
of n county usually, but with the In
crease of the population It has been
necessary to make as many ns three
stakes in some of the counties. There
nre from five to thirty wnrds In each
Three men constitute the first presi
dency over the whole church, nnd each
stake has a presidency of three per
sons. The president of the stake is
appointed by the head of the church,
nnd he in turn selects his own counsel
ors. The bishops nre also chosen by
the president of the whole church. The
people send up u name or list of names.
Photo copyright by I'urdy, Boston.
ANDREW ' TIM Si
and he selects one. There nre other
officers, called teachers, who are se
lected by the bishops.
Jensen described the duties of teach
ers, who are required to instruct and
reprove members who violnte the rules
of the church. No officer, even tho
president of the church, is above the
bishop aud tenchers of his ward in
mntters concerning moral conduct' In
In answer to questions Jlr. Jensen
said that he had never known t of a
prosecution of n polygamist who con
tinued to live with plnral wives he bad
married prior to the manifesto of I1S90
nnd said that if any Mormon should
Inform against a polygamist tinder
such conditions against! President
Smith, for instance sues informer
would be odious to most members of
the church. Through his testimony
Mr. Jensen made it clear that theipres
ident of the Mormon church is abso
lute dictator of its affairs, spirituakjand
done made a scene
at her moddab's
Smiff Sho! (Jo way!
Johnsing Yessah. He done . fo'gts
hisself an' lets er onion drap outVob his
Taere a Freeser.
He Who do you love, darling?
She Harry. I have permitted my
heart to go out to you unreservedly,
but unless you can use better gram
mar than that I shall be obliged-, to
call It back again. Roston Transcrhot.
How She Won Hiaa.
Jorkins Bilber's wile isn t a beauty,
is she? Wonder how he happened to
Bildad I understand he fen in low
with tier at n game of whist.
Jorkins Ob, I see. She didn't ask
every two or three minute-. "What's
trumps ?' Boston Transcript.
WHARFAGE FREE AT ST. LOUIS
Twenty Miles of River Front For Wa
ter Craft at World's Fair City.
Free wharfage will be given to nil
boats landing at St. Louis during the
World's Fair. Traffic Manager Ilil
leary of the Exposition and Joseph I'.
Whyte. harbor and wharf commission
er of St. Louis, have decided on the lo
cations assigned to the various kinds
Yaehfs. steam lauuehes aud all boats
propelled by their own power have
been assigned wharf space between
Chotenu nvenue nnd Riddle street.
These streets, running cast and west,
form the boundary linos for the cen
tral business district of the city.
House boats have been nssigued
wharf space north of Riddle street
and south of Choteau avenue.
St. Louis has a river front of twen
ty miles. The Broadway lino of the
Transit company parallels the river
from the city limits on the north to
Jefferson Barracks on the south. At
no point nre the cars more than five
blocks from the Mississippi river. The
World's Fair may be reached for one
fare by transferring to any of the
eight lines that cross Broadway and
reach the Exposition grounds.
No charge will be made for wharf-
nge. Application for space should be
made to the harbor and wharf com
missioner nt the City I la II. on Twelfth
street, between Market street and
ANCHORING SAND DUNES.
Covered Them With Vesretatlon to
Prenerve Arable Land.
So much attention has been directed
to the work that is being done In re
claiming the arid and semikrld lands of
the west that the reclamation work
along the Atlantic coast is almost en
tirely overlooked. The familiar sand
dunes, characteristic of the coast from
Cape Coil to Cape Fear, while perhaps
artistic, constitute a menace to adja
cent cultivated lands and are useless
In themselves. Massachusetts, at con
siderable expense, has been endeavor
ing to reclaim the sand dunes that
form so large n part of the f Province
lands" on Caipo Cod.
It has been found that sand is readi
ly bound together by grass roots, and
that if sturdy varieties of grass, suita
ble for sandy soils, nre planted nnd
cared for while obtaining a foothold
and mat urine they will gradually coyer
large areas, transforming them from
shifting, worthless lands into veritable
fertile cultivable fields. Many years of
forestry work In Europe have shown
that after the grasses have made a
start trees can be successfully raised
on these erstwhile sand piles, which
may thus lc made to yield a revenue.
Some of the most extensive and mobile
sand dunes in the United States, how
ever, are found in the west, and it is
the ambition of the bureau of forestry
to cover the with permanent forest
growths. Along the Columbia river in
Washington the sand is very light,
owing to the large proportion of mien
it contains, and consequently is easily
blown about by the WluuM,
In a part of the lower Columbia riv
er valley great orchards have been
actually ingulfed with the shifting
sands, and the railroads have experi
enced great difficulty in maintaining
their tracks in this district in passable
condition, in order to make a practical
test as to the best method of treating
these dunes, a strip of land on the Co
lumbia river between Willow creek
and the John Day river has been set
aside by the government for extensive
exieriments. baaed on the work done
in Massachusetts, referred to alove.
In the east tree planting plans for
owners of sandy tracts are leing pre
pared, thus extending the scope of the
practical co-operation begun by the bu
reau of forestry- Philadelphia Record.
Sot Seeklne Applanar.
Don't you sometimes long for the
applause of the public:"
"No." answeral Senator Sorghum.
"The day has passed when n man's suc
cess was measured by the applause of
the public. The dollars of the public
represent the desired quantity now."
The recent order of President Roose
velt, promulgating what is considered
the mostlmportant pension ruling issued
in many years, according to the calcula
tions made by Commissioner of Pen
sions Ware, will add to the list of those
entitled to pensions
at least 821,000 sol
diers. These are
nil more than sixty
two years old, and
by the lowest scale
provided for in the
order. $t a month,
this would add
$23,112,000 to the
anuual pension ap
estimate is for the
J. I.. PAVEXrOBT.
lowest figure, for
the order provides that after the vet
erans become sixty-five years they shall
receive $S a month, after sixty-eight
$10 and alter seventy '$12.
Few persons realise what enormous
sums are required annually by Uncle
Sam to pay the pensions of the veteran
soldiers and sailors who have risked
their lives in their country's service.
From 1SG1 to June ;;i. hk., the sum
of $2.!Vrit.l3S.1.13 was paid out in pen
sions, and at the close of the last fiscal
year there were 900545 pensioners on
The pension building covers nearly
two acres of ground in the northern
portion of Judiciary square, Washing
ton, and is 4UO feet long and 200 wide.
The building Is constructed around
a vast court, the roof of which is sup
ported by eight massive brick columns
overlaid with stucco stained to repre
sent marble. These columns rest on
foundations eighteen feet below the
floor and from Ooor to roof are eighty
five feet in height. Bach column is
said to contain 150,000 bricks.
This great pile, built by (Jenernl
Meigs with the most scrupulous effort
EUOEVE F. WARE.
to make it Imperishable, led fJonornl
Sheridan, when he had seen It under
the guidance of General Meigs, to re
mark: "Yes, Meigs, It is a line build
ing. It has only one great fault. It Is
Although ugly. It serves Its purpose
well and is not too large for the ex
clusive use of the bureau. When it
was built it was generally regarded as
too big, but there was no expectation
that the additions to the pension list
would be over 240,000 in a single
year, which was the ease in ls'.iU. more
than a quarter of a century after the
close of the civil war.
Eugene P. Ware of Kansas, the man
selected by President Roosevelt for
pension commissioner. Is a native of
Connecticut, but moved to Iowa before
the war. At the age of nineteen, on
the afternoon of the day that I-'ort
Sumter was fired on. Ware enlisted.
He served in the army five years and
throe months, attaining the rank of
captain. After his discharge he set
tled in Fort Scott, Kan., where he
Hved for about twenty-live years, re
moving to Topeka in 1893. Mr. Ware
Is one of tho great lawyers of the west.
He has also won some fame as a writ
er of poetry under the DOm de plume
When Mr. Ware took charge of the
pension bureau, he evolved a system of
promotions for the bureau based en
tirely on merit, and that system pre
vails today. In a letter of instructions
sent to the bead of the departments at
that time he concluded as follows:
"Give no precedence to ioiiticai pull
and do not let religion or nativity cut
auy figure. When
merits are equal,
and only when
equal, take a Re
publican instead of
n Democrat." The
word "only" in the
last sentence was
Com m issioner
Ware's first deputy
James L. Daven
port, is also a sol
L. if. KEI.LET.
dier. He is a native of New Hamp
shire and served during the civil war
with great credit. He was originally
appointed to the pension service In 1SH1
and wns raised to his present jost Roon
after former Commissioner Evans be-
I lie '
came the head of the bureaus i ne sec
ond deputy commissioner. Leverett M.
Kelley. went to the front in the civil
war as a member of an Illinois regl-j
ment. He was nppointod to his present'
position by Mr. Ware's predecessor. j
GREAT PROJECTS AFOOT. J
Current Year Will He Memorable In
History of FZnKineerinir.
The year l'.KH promises to be one of
unusual importance In the annals of en
gineering progress on the North Ameri
can continent. In all human possibili
ty we will see inaugurated during tho
year several great engineering works,
great not only in the magnitude of tho
operations Involved, but In their pro
spective Influence upon commerce and
industry, both national and interna
tional. The first of these great tasks to bo
undertaken is the construction of tho
isthmian canal. The dimensions of
this problem are vast as measured by
similar enterprises in other parts of tho
world, and the opportunity will now
be given to American engineers and
American contractors and builders of
machinery to utilize all that knowledge,
skill and experience in conducting pub
lic works that have already done so
much to make our own country great.
The economical ution of the problem
calls for mechanical appliances to a de
gree almost unprecedented, and for this
machinery we confidently look to our
own engineers and to our own shops.
Another great engineering enterprise,
already started, but to be energetically
pushed this year. Is the plan of tho
Pennsylvania Railroad company to con
nect its system with the cities of New
York and Brooklyn by tunneling under
the Hudson and East rivers. Here,
again. Is a problem that in its solution
includes new and practically untried
In the state of New York the popu
lar vote technically approves of the ex
penditure of a hundred or more mil
lions upon the thousand ton barge ca
nal connecting the great lakes with tho
In many of the Inland stales the com
panies controlling the great railway
systems have an enormous volume of
work either In progress or contemplat
ed which has for Its object the crea
tion of new works to take the place of
those planned and executed by a past
generation of engineers.
The enormous traffic developed by
the growth of our domestic commerce
has brought Into use heavier locomo
tives, larger cars and stronger bridges,
and the resulting saving In operating
expenditures now warrants an outlay
for reduction In distances, gradients
and curvature that would h.tve been
deemed wasteful extravagance by tho
Northward, in the Canadian posses
sions, the coming year will doubtless
see a notable beginning made in what
will become another great transconti
nental railway. This Grand Trunk
Pacific railway will be nearly 4.IMH)
miles long and will connect the At
lantic seaboard at Halifax with the
shores of the Pacific ocean at Port
Simpson. It will be the most north
erly railway line of importance on tho
continent, practically following for
much of its length the great divide
Separating the waters of the St. I. awn-nee
basin from those lf Hudson bay.
EtS purpose Is To open Up to population,
trade nnd commerce vast areas of
Wheat land, timber land and mines
that are now valueless by reason of
the lack of transportation facilities.
Whistler's amusing personal conceit
was charmingly displayed on one occa
sion When A. G. I'lowden, a London.
IolIce magistrate, attended a private
view at the Crosvonor gallery. "Almost
the first friend I met," be said, "wu
Whistler, and he very g-nxl naturedly
took me up to a full length iortralb
which he was exhibiting of Lady Ar
chibald Campbell. After I had done my
best to expreM my humble appreciation'
of a beautiful picture, I naked Mm if
there were any other pictures which
he would advh:.' me to look at. 'Other,
pictures,' said Whistler, in a tone of
horror. 'Other pictures! There arc no
other pictures! You are through!"
Kmoklna- In Korea.
All men and women In Korea, what
ever their age or station, smoke tobac
co III! CSnantfJ The bowls of their
pipes nre so small that they only hold
a pinch or two of tobacco, and tho
stems are so long that the smoker is
unable to apply a match to his own
pipe. The eooly carries his pipe thrust
down his neck between his coat aud
his back; the Korean gentleman carries
bin in his sleeve
Patient (feebly i Doctor, do you think
I shall survive, the operation? I'roud
Physician Well, sir. If you don't, you
have the satisfaction of knowing that
it cost nearly twice as much as any
similar one performed In the city.
"You say you have an infallible rule
for distinguishing edible from poison
"I have. I never touch any that
don't come from the grocer's in cans."