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THJ5 AKGUS, THrBSDAT, JUIiY 7, 1904.
KEYNOTE SPEECH OF WILLIAMS
John Sharp Williams, temporary
chairman of th national democratic
convonrion in li is keynote speech yes
terday af:ernoon spoke in part as fol
lows: There have always been two ;jrca;
parties which, since the first national
political coo ventioasjhave elected dele
Kafes to conventions for the purpose of
selecting a candidate and promulgating
a platform. One of the.se parties has
gone throuiili Its party election of
delegates, has selected a candidate
and announced a platform. It was one
of the quietest and '"most unanimous"
occasion-, that the muses of history
have recorded. Everything seemed to
have been fixed beforehand-
The address of the temporary chair
man of the republican national con
vention was. in one sense, historical.
It dealt much in history at any rate,
most of it ancient history and a
great deal of it bad history. There
was a labon d argument' to prove
that the party of BooeeveM must, by
something lile revolutionary process,
act as the party of Lincoln and fcfe
Kinlejr. This was in ci i-. ary in order
to disguise the palpable fact thai ii
is not BO acting. Not Without reason
then this labored argument by this
great and Ingenious lawyer. It was
to draw away attention from Itoose
veltisni anil its voleanic. eruptive and
reckless character, by dwelling upon
the- fart that, at some period of its
history, the republican party has been
"a party which did things." and did
them safely. The orator hoped to ha v
the country lose sight of the faci that
it is now in both of its legislative
branch OS a party of passivity, of non
action, of obstruction to reform and
progn be, in a word a party whose only
sacred precepl i.-i the shibboleth which
spake tb them known, one of them to
the other, a shibboleth drawn from
the gambler's tabh "Stand pat." a
pn pi born of cowardice and fear to
I hare heard that in October, 1902,
Mr. Root made a political speech in
Cooper Union, New York, in wliie-h he
aaed ibis language:
"if a tariff law has on the whole
worked well, and if business has pros
pered under it find if still prospering,
it is better to endure some slight in
conveniences and Inequalities for a
time, than to incur the uncertainty
and disturbance of business whieh
eoessarily results from the process of
And I have heard that the president
in his political tour through the west
in the spring of 1903 made a speech
in which he used this language:
"If a tnrin law has on the whole
worked well, and if business baa pros
pered unde r it and is prospering, it
may ic inn-r to enuure some incun-
v.-ti ifriei .-mil : i' nm lil ii s for a time
than to make changes to risk crnte
a 'disturbance and perhaps paralysis
in thr industries and business of the
Verily! Two souls with but a single
thought. Two speeches that read like
And that single thought so har
moniously expressed is not to force a
single special interest to take its lips
from the public breast for fear the pub
lie. finding them unnect ssary, might
shake I hem C?r Off.
I pmm ! ' 'ii t Inn ii .
The temporary chairman said, speak
ing of the republican party, "through it
more than any other party the moral
sentiment of the American people finds
expression." ;;ni; hack to ancient
history. In the Credit Mpblller, In the
Ie Colyer Ann s scandal, in the whisky
ring, in the long saturnalia of southern
reconstruction or where?
Or in recent history? In the post
office department? In the public lands
bureau? in the full sway of bouses
formerly cursed so bitterly and novr
taken SO fondly to his bosom by the
president? In the celebrated order of
"Hell Roaring .lake" Smith, prescrib
ing ten as the age above which chil
dren were to be killed in one of the
Islands of the Philippines? In the awl
versa! honeycombing of our national
life wilh the Corruption of the legisla
tion bought sjiei-i.il privileges? Whar
has ancient history to do with present
iniquities anyhow '
Mr. Root savs: "Offenders have been
ssotlessly prosecuted and sternly
punished." Isn't this remarkable "than
ilering in the index" for yon, when
compared with actual republican nc
eomplishnn nts" If there ever was a lie
terminal ion fully entertained ny I'm
ally carried out. it was the determina
tion of the republican administration
and the republican legislative lwwiy t.
see to it that nobody should Investi
gate the alleged culprits m the post
office department except their col
leagues in the executive branch of the
Then- follows something, however.
which will be taken seriously. The
secretary boasts thai the per capita
of circulation of money among the
Now to Set Rid of Mieo.
A lady rerader hasMrrittcn us asking that
we publish for the benefit of all house-wives
a recipe for exterminating mice. She says
bt life w.is almost unbearable by these
little pests until she read of Stearns' Electric
Kat and Boach Faste, which completely
freed her home from mice. This Taste is easy
to use. and jjreedilv devoured by rats. mice,
cockroaches and oiher vermin. It is sure
death, and gives universal satisfaction,
especiallv as the rats and mice do not die
in the house. Dealers generally have the
Taste for sales, or package will be sent
express prepaid en rerc-.pt of price, by the
S:arns Electric Pis'c Co.. Tribune Build
ing, Chicago, III. Small size. 25c . Hotel
Size, eight times the quantity, $1.00.
SOLD BY T. II. THOMAS.
i people of the United States increased
from $22.14 in March, 1897, to 131-92
in May last, and that the credit for
that and the consequent prosperity
following it was -due to the republi
can part;.. Was republican legisla
tion op' ratlve in South Africa and the
Klondike and did it cause the discov
eries of gold there? Did if cause the
n m inventions for the more profit
able effraction of -gold from sold ore?
Did republican legislation aid two bu
llous of gold to the world's stock of
awney metals in the la.-t eight years?
Vas it republican legislation which
made the- imnn'riee crops of cotton.
Wheat, corn, etc.. which enabled
thes:- United States to draw more
than tie-lr pro rata share of the
world's siock of money metals, there
by increasing their own stock of gold
BaSlMa loiin tii mt
The temporary chairman next
boasted thai the republican party had,
by manipulation, which he described,
of the currency and certificate de
nomination made it so difficult to set
gold out of the treasury, in exchange
for other forms of money, that prae
tically It cannot be done at all to any
large extent, and hence that all dan
ger of an "endless chain" thereby
produced has end d.
The ex-secretary then boasts that
the secretary of the treasury can and
does contract and expand the coun
try's currency at his will, and illus
trate:: this by th; occurrences which
happened in 1902, which he quotes.
Remember, he boasts that this is a
fact. If so. what a magnificanl one
man power it is.
As to the repuidican platform, it is
chiefly a biwst t::at the republican
parts la responsible for everything
good which has happened.
Not only is the boast that Mr. Mc
Kinley's election was responsible for
Ugh prices false, but i' i-; a very dan
gerous falsehood ! Some men preach
the doctrine with the hope that during
periods of prosperity the average man
will let even an extravagant and dis
honest and unjust government, in
which he is interested, continue unin
terrupted. This is tin- chief, if not
the sole, hope of the rcpuhlicnan
The republican platform declares
that the republican party was respon
sible for the relief of Cuba and the
w::r with Spain. It was not the "mis
eries -of i '
but public demand.
i he republican party to fall
lv tnocraSs voted for the war
a;; enthusiastically as repub
licans. Not tiie republican party, but
the people of America, fought the
"quick, victorious war with Spain."
What have the republicans to say
foi thorns Ives in connection with the
great trust question?
This is the language of tile plat-
'Laws enacted by the republican
parly, and which tin- democratic par
ly bail failed to enforce have
bein fearlessly enforced."
Here ;re three statements, first,
that the republicans, instead of both
parlies, enacted the laws, which is
not true: secondly, that the democratic
party had done nothing, which Is also
Sot true; and. third, that the repub
lican parly has enforced the law.
which is only partially true.
Inn HaraMM Did,
Attorney General Harmon, under
Cleveland's administration, found the
suit of the gorernmc at against the
Trans-Missonrl Freight association
lost, revived it and won it. He then
instituted suit against the Joint Traf
fic association and also against the
Addystons Fipe company. Tin- prin
ciple established in the case of the
government against the Trans-Missouri
Freight association the princi
ple there contended for by Cleve
land's attorney general is the prin
ciple which gave life to the proceed
ings in the Northern Securities case,
anil which led Gov. Van Sant. and not
the republican party, as has been
talsel pretended, to inaugurate that
One of the chairmen id" the republi
can convention says it has "enjoined
the beef trust." The injunction does
not seem to have had any practical ef
fect upon the beef trust or upon the
price of beefsteak.
The boast that the administration
has executed the antitrust laws Is
ridiculous. Tlu attorney general, in
response to a resolution of my own.
frankly confessed that nothing hat
been done, and left the inl'erc nee that
nothing would be done, toward the
criminal prosecution of the men found
guilty by the supreme court in the
Northe rn Securities ease of having
violated the law and incurred its pen
alties. The attorney general, in answer to
another resolution, failed to show that
anything substantial was being clone,
civilly or criminally, against the an
thracite coal mine own, rs. constitut
ing, in violation of law. one of the
greatest trusts in this country, al
though a private American c itizen had
proceeded at great e x;: rise to get up
This same "trust buter." Attorney
General Knox, has Jus! been appointed
by the governor of IVnnsyl v;nia a
senator from that state, on the de
mand, so the newspapers say. ot the
very men who constitute this unlaw
ful combination, or who are at any
rate the presidents of the railroad
companies and the owners of the
n.ines constituting it.
The republican platform reads:
"Tariff rates should be readjusted only
when conditions have so change.i'
that the public interest demands their,
Public interest, in this connection.
to the man who wrote it, really means
Does not everybody who knows any
thing know that the republican party
has no idea of making any alterations
in the tariff, unless they can thereby
purchase the support of additional
special interests by yet closer bonds?
Are there no "conditions" demand
big changes in any of the schedules of
the present tariff law. when dozens of
highly protected sreel and iron prod
ucts, including rails. locomotives,
barbed wire and agricultural imple
ments of American make are being
sold daily in competition with the so
called pauper laUir of the world, in
the home of this same pauper labor?
And when they are sold, after frei;.- ;t
has been paid and profit obtained, at
a less price than the same goods are
sold to Americans in American mar
kets five miles from the factory?
1 1 - n t f Knur Vrnni.
The platform then goes on to say
that these alterations cannot be "safe
ly committed to any other hands than
the republican party." What has bedh
the matter with the hands of the re
publican party for the last four years?
Who believes for a mlnutcFtnal the par
ty which has refused every tariff al
teration thus far proposed intends to
recognize any sort of "conditions"
or any sort of "demand" or any "pub
lic interest" in connection with the
Of course, this platform had to con
tain tlie usual historical untruths to
wit : Thai "a democratic tariff has
always been followed by business ad
versity a republican tariff by busi
There is cunningly concealed n the
republican platform the hydra head of
a yet worse form of special legislation,
namely, special legislation by direct
subsidy, taking money out of the trea ;
ury and handing it ovt r bodily to a
special class in this case the elass
of shipbuilders and shipowners.
Things have almost reached the old
decadent days of th" Roman republic
when government consisted chiefly in
distributing bread and giving circuses.
The worst of all this is that it is
Bought to be Justified, like protection
ism, upon the pretext that it is done
for the benefit of "American labor."
It would be far more Justifiable to
pars a Jaw to give to every sailor and
to evry man and woman in the
United States earning less than $1 a
day : :i increase of BO per cent than
it would be by protectionism or ship
subsidy to pretend to have that end
Tin- republican platform, to sum itj
all up, obeys the precept lo "stand ',
pat in every respect excopt one. I
That is the plank in which this lan-1
guago is used: "We favor such con- j
gresslonal action as shall determine'
whether by special discrimination the
elective franchise in any state has
heen unconstitutionally limited." fol
lowed by the promise made, in that'
event, to reduce the southern represen
tation in i he house of representatives
and in the electoral college.
Whether or not the suffrage has
been unconstitutionally limited is a
mailer for the- courts to determine.
Tin- real objec t of the republican pal
ly, however, spe cious the phraseology
in which ii is clothed, is to reduce1
southern representation, without re
ducing that of Massachusetts and oth
r republican states.
Disfranc hise incut of a negro in Mis
sissippi for ignorance is a horrible
thing; disfranchisement of a white
man for ignorance in Massachusetts
or Connecticut is a part of NVw ICng
taag "higher civilization."
Mt-itiiH Raee War.
Let not the business interest of the1
country deceive itsedf: let those con
trolling it prepare, if Roosevelt is
edected on this platform, for another
period of unecjvtMinty. unrest,, business
disturbances, and rnce war sin the
soul hern stales.
Let the south not deceive itself
sither. If the remnldican party were
Sincere in its proposition to reduce
southern representation on the ground
of the disfranchisement of the negro
race in the south, thereby condoning
the disfranchisement of pretended
"unconst if ui ional limitation" itself, it
wo -.id accompany that proposition
with another. t -wit: the proposition
to repeal the fifteenth amendment.
Commercially ami industrially thf
white men of the south will not be
much more Injured by this sort
agitation than northern people v
This is but the entering Wedge to a
new period of "southern reonst ruc
tion." It is the beginning over of
th- old scheme, revived for political
advantage, to retain, as a republican
asse t, the solid negro vote in Indiana,
Illinois. New Jersey and like condi
ITnoitgh ahotd tlm other party.
Something about onrselve - -one the
country can rely on.
The democracy will nominate for
pn sident a man who will not usurp
legislative or judicial functions; who
will not recklessly vio'..u? internation
al asages, who will not keep people
guessing about what he is going to
do or say next.
Ir will nominate him upon a per
form ignoring dead issues and dealing
with eveary present live issue in tones
unct rtain and unmistakable; favor
ing economy of administration, en
force of honesty in the public service.
a wise and business-like revision and
reduction of the tariffT by the friends
of th- masses and of the common weal
and not by tariff beneficiaries ami
their raatwseataUves alone, a reduc
tion n-hich shn'l aim nt "equality of
burdens and equality of opportunities"
and whose ultimate object shall be to
raise a revenue by laxaiion to support
the government in virility but in sim
plicity. w in ot master.
It will not falter when it comes to
declaring for a reduction of tariff tax
ation on trust-produced articles to the
Ioint where foreign competition may
enter the American market, whenever
combines, seeking memopoly. raise
their prices to the American con
sumer to the point of extortion, nor
will it falter in declaring for reduc
tion where American concerns habit
ually charge American consumers
higher prices than those charged for
eigners for identical articles.
It will come out flat-footed for ami
cable, rather than retaliatory, trade
redations with the other nations of the
world, and especially for generous re
ciprocity with Canada.
Ii will denounce the heedless and
reckless utterances of the candidate
of the republican party for president,
in his letter to e x-Seeretary Root, upon
the second anniversary of Cuban in
dependence. We will announce unmistakably to
the world and to the nations of
Ehtrope that we will not make of the
army and navy of the United States
a constabulary for the collection of
their debts from the; government or
peoples of South and Central Amer
A democratic administration will
find in our treatment of Cuba an ex
ample of American courage, justice
and magnanimity, to be imitated as
soon as it ; ;:;i be wisely and safely
done in the Philippines, ultimately
leaving them, ami giving them the
promise now thus to leave1 them, free
The democracy, In my opinion, be
lieves that the white man will hae
trouble enough to maintain in its full
Integrity the white man's civilization
in all parts of bis own country.
A democratic president such as he
whom we- shall nominate will devote
himself to the faithful execution of
the laws of the United States as they
are written, without executive con
struction or usurpation.
Ituilel I i V-r-!i:int Marine-.
It will bring about the upbuilding
i i a merchant marine, and bring it
about without new or additional taxa
I on upon the people and without boun
ties from the publie treasury, simplv
by a recurrence to those laws which
111 I ! I I 11
f VISIT THIS GREAT CREDIT DEPARTMENT STORE
$15 Men's Suits for
reduced to .
$3.00 Boys' NVw Spring
Suits, reduced to ...
4 Rooms Handsomely Furnished for
(If AH Will Bring this Couch
4M.VU to Your Home.
This Handsome Couch, QC
either Smooth or Tufted, for 30ilr
The Sunshine Outfitters
113 East Second Street, Davenport, Iowa.
were in force when every American
citizen vas proud.
Under a democratic administration,
the rights of labor will be recognized
as no less "vested." no fcSSS "sacred."
no less "inalienable" than the rights
of cnpiial. and both will be dealt with
justly and impar'iaily. according tol
their very right.
The democracy, when entrusted
with power, will construct the Pana
ma canal speedily, honestly and eco
nomically. Above all. and in conclusion, a good
democratic administration will ponder
anei practice ine sin. pie- precepts en
Jefferjem's first inaugural adeiress. It
Is the polkical sermon on the Mount. I
Gentlemen, it is in the power of no j
man or party to assure success. It
is in the power of the humblest to de
serve :t. l.et us erect a stanoaru to
whieh all good men may repair.
AT THE H01ELS
At the Harper C. A. NelSOU, Chi
cago; it. ii. iapie, jacsson, Mica.;
M. M Cruise. Kansas Citj : P. IV
Riioades. Cleveland: A. Arnde. New
ark. X. .1.: C. A. Kendall .1. W. Ke y.
Chicago: D. Manheimer, Lancaster,
Pa.: .1. 1.. Meyer, Chicago: P. B.
ECnoX New York; J. II. Springer. Jr..
Philadelphia; -I. Braden, Indianapolis;
George .1. Lee, Bloomington ; H. Lew
is. Mason City: W. S. McKee. R. 1).
White-. Hock Island; .1. I.. Robertson.
Bloomington; G. A. Schaub, Roches
ter; William Hutton. Milwaukee; Dr. ,
ll. Culackey, Chicago; M. I. Breen
and daughter, Madison; W. EL Baa
sr:. W. H. Dorisson, Chicago; O. E.
Barr. Clinton: G. I). Millspaugh. IV
troit; T. M. Lynne, Kansas City;
LowenthaL Peoria: tl. M. Barclay,
Chicago; H. Byflcld, Indianapolis; .1.
S. Jackson, San Prancisco; (i. G. Dew
ey, San Pran cisco; K. Brockelbanke,
New York: J. R. Olney. Milwaukee;
ti. K. IfcCaughan, Chicago.
A the Harms (European) K. FL
Dare, Galesborg; Walter Gucken,
Galesburg; Robert J. Ifetsgar, New
York: C. I). Bralnard, Paijette, Idaho;
K. Emery, Chicago; George A. Hansen.
New York: George B. Martin. Aurora;
Bdward Lewis. John Keefe. ll. M . jeg
get and wif Chicago; Prank A. ffilk
er, Chicago; !- Magna, Peoria; G. w.
McFarland, Bloomington; George w.
Patterson, Peoria: Prances McCon-
rads. Rock Island: S. T. Kelly. Chica
go; George H. Johnston, Burlington;
C. Councilman, C. D. TeUnwart, Chi
cago: G. :. Graves, Rock Island: II.
A. Wentworth, DeWItt; George A.
Pendergast. Kansaa City; Henry C.
CASH OR CREDIT
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THE GARMENT WORKERS' STRIKE
c-iit-r.-il Walk-On Over iie Qntlci
Chicago, July 7. Two strikes, af
fecting 500 persons, have been called
as forerunners of n general walkout of
2,800 members of the Ladies' Garment
Workers' union employed throne. ho I
Chicago. The trouble is over the;
closed shop epiesl ion.
$10 per Month
made an en
TO ... 3 1 U. JU