Newspaper Page Text
VOL LIV. NO. 57.
FRIDAY, DECEMBER ; 23, 1904.
PAGES 9 TO 12.
The great souted masters, the seers and sages.
Who o'er the ages
Life beacons shine.
TO ere prophets all
THE JAPANESE OUTFIT
McCaul. wbu saw much of the
BiitUb soldier ou service la South Af
rica and of tbe working of tLe metllcftl
Iartmut of Umt ItrltUb arujr, vu
rwt-ulljr i-vLuiuLaalout-vX by Ler uiajestty
tie 4U4-u of HqsIudU to to Japan
to louire lato tle working of tbe Jap
iMMe Itd Croaa aocletjr. tL brought
back with br tbe compete outfit of a
aoidirrof tb Japaove liuirlal guard,
n bU b waa jrectiKvl to ber by Geurral
Tcraucbi. tbe minister of war. togvtber
wllb aampl4 of tb food aulied to
tb aokller on active mertke. aaya tbe
Urltlab Medical JouraaL
Tbe entire outfit comprlar botii
wluter aud auiaioer unlfwriua and uu
dervlotblu. overroata. puttlva aud
bout, (lovra aud booda. knapsack,
barrraack. water bottle. luesa tiu and
cauu-vu. a srasa woven case to con
tala tbe ration of rice, blanket, porta
ble tent, mowiuito net for tbe bead.
Looaewle. bandage wrapper and Iden
tification label. Tbere la even a tiu
box containing t-reoeote pllla, wblcb
eacb aoldler must carry and Is expected
to take as a prophylactic against djra
eutery. One notable feature of all tbe
clothing U tbat It la apparently made
of tbe best material. Tbe material for
tbe t 'Inter clothing appean to be all
wool and In color and wiroitb remmda
one of tbe brownish Jaegrr clothing.
In the neat blue parade uniform.
Jacket or tunic, plain fiat brass button
are used, trat in the working kit but
ton are done away witb as far a pos
sible, fastenings being in nearly all
Instance carried out by meana of flat
Looks and eyes. Tbe summer jacket
and trousers are of khaki drllL Tbe
Jacket Is perfectly plain, and tbere are
no buttons on any of tbe garment. A
atrip of white linen is issued to wind
round tbe neck as a collar inside tbe
tunic. Tbe forage cap wblcb goes with
this uniform is a marvel of lightness.
It bas a detachable linen cover to be
used in summer, from which bangs a
linen screen to protect the neck. Tula
screen, bring made in three part a
center and two aides allows tbe air to
pass freely. For all uniforms tbe
trousers are made like riding breeches
in that tbey end above tbe ankle,
where tbey are made to fit tight to tbe
limb, being fastened by tapes Instead
of buttons, rattles or gaiters must,
of coarse, be worn wltb tbese. The or
dinary greatcoat la of thick woolen
cloth wltb bone buttons. It bas a
hood wblcb can be drawn orer tbe
bead. A comparatively small detail in
the cut of this, as also of tbe winter
greatcoat, shows bow carefully health
aad comfort, and therefore individual
of the past, tvhh its
song and story.
Of toxfe and bear.
united are rising datunbuard
vfrfnd marching ontvard
of the day nottt brea
efQciemy bare' been considered. Tbo
free edges of the front, instead of be
ing cut straight, slope outward below
tbe waist, making the skirt of the coat
lap over more completely below. It 1
thus prevented from gaplujj lu walk
lug, and tbe legs and knees are protect
ed from rain. Tbe front of tbe skirt
can be buttoned back to allow free
movement of the lower limbs for
murcblug in dry weather.
A mosquito net "helmet" or bead cov
ering, la addition to its value as a pre
Teutlve of malaria, is a great comfort
La summer, when tbere are many files.
Tbat lsued to tbe Japanese soldier Is
made of green netting stretched on two
circles of cane so as to make a long
drum with one end knocked out. Into
wblcb tbe bend Is passed. Tbe two
rings of cane are kept apart by a wire
spring, wblcb allows the drum to be
flattened and buttoned down for car
riage. Tbe winter tunic and trousers are
made plain, like tbe khaki suit, but are
of good woolen cloth.
Tbe "cold proof winter overcoat
merits some description, for It seems to
be devised to Insure warmth in tbe
most severe climate. Made of thick
woolen cloth. It bas a large collar cov
ered witb fur, wblcb is of course In
side when the collar is raised. From
tbe middle of the edge of this collar a
cotton cap or bood can be pulled out
so as to cover the bead, and over this
can be worn tbe ample detached wool
en "cold proof" bood. Hanging by
cords from tbe neck are Large gloves or
mittens one division for all tbe fingers
and one for tbe thumb; they can thus
be thrown off wben tbe band is re
quired for firing or any other purpose
without being lost. A sheepskin waist
coat witb tbe wool outside Is also Is
sued for severe weather. It fastens at
Tbe underclothing is of similar good
material to tbat of tbe outer garments.
a cotton shirt and drawera for summer
and a thick knitted woolen jersey or
sweater and pants fur winter. Tbe
ribbed woolen stockings are made
without beels, and warm toe caps are
issued In tbe coldest weather to wear
over tbe stockings to prevent frostbite
Tbese toe caps are made of a lamb's
wool material like very thick lint, the
soft surface being inside. A roll of
fine striped flannel of very good qual
ity and about a yard and a balf long
is Issued to-be wound round tbe abdo-,
men and take tbe place of a cholera
Tbe ordinary army boots give the Im
pression of comfort and durability. In
general appearance tbey resemble the
boot issued to tbe British soldier, but
on close Inspection they sre seen to be
far superior. Tbe leather of the uppers
' mil. his
dt as it'buerk. tn dheamtng
'all the races
Are rendered brvehti f v
Thy golden tight.
TirniGHr. to. ii j. a,
Is good and'reasohably'soft; tbe sore If
thinner than tbat of tbe English army
boot and Is thinned off at the waist,
making tbe boot more flexible In
marching. Tbe flat of tbe sole is stud
ded with Iron hobnails, and the too
and beel have brass pluteB. Tbe boots
weigh three iounds as against tbe
four pounds of English soldiers boots.
For the temiorary use of men with
ore feet the soft native shoe wltb
grass sole, such as Is used by tbe rick
shaw men and tbe people generally In
Japan, Is served out.
The knapsack Is of leather, with tbe
bair outside, its shape being maintain
ed by a wooden frame, and this seems
to us to be capable of Improvement.
The khaki colored hemp haversack Is
divided lengthwise to form two com
partments and resembles somewhat
the haversack carried by Hugllsh of
ficers. A useful addition to the slings
supporting It from tbe opposite shoul
der is a short strap fixed lu the center
of the top of the sack, with a hook to
fix on tbe waist belt, and thus take off
some of the weight from tbe sling.
For carrying additional small articles
of clothing tbe soldier bas a long sack
about nlue inches in width and six feet
long, open at each end and stitched
across at its center, so as to make two
bags. It Is worn over one shoulder,
like a bandolier, tbe ends being tucked
under tbe waist belt at the opposite
Tbe water bottle, canteen and mess
tin are of aluminium, the first two be
ing blackened outside; the mess tin fits
inside tbe canteen, like a truy. Tbe
rice ration Is carried In the small grass
box in front of tbe mess tin. The cop
per Chinese camp kettle is a very prac
tical contrivance. It has double sides. :
Tbe water poured into the outer jacket
is heated by burning charcoal in a
small stove In the center of tbe vessel,
air being admitted by tbe lateral ap
erture near the bottom, through which
also tbe ashes can be extracted. Witb
this water can be boiled even in a gale,
and tbe Japanese soldiers have realized
its value in campaigning and use It
Of tbe various samples of food tbe
rice ration ready boiled and tbe bis
cuits consisting of wheat and rice
flour, with a few grains of millet seed
to prevent it from becoming too hard
are specially notable. Vegetables of
various kinds sliced potatoes, carrots,
beans, sliced gourd, etc. are thorough
ly dried, thus insuring preservation
and diminished weight. Tea and salt
are both In solid cakes or cubes, and
various meats and fih are in hermet
ically sealed tins. Even fodder for the
horse Is prepared, like tbe vegetables
for tbe men. by drying.
CkrlsrsasM Servtee It. Stable.
At Santa.. Cruz. CaL. these Is -n old
'zz&he: truths of
0&Then to the febu came the glimpse eursii
II l X
the upturned faces
unto nebo endeavor
Spanish church in which " the people
worship only on Christmas eve. Ex
ternally It looks like a stable and bas
no chandelier. Tbe floor and walls are
of stone, and on the eastern side there
is a manger, looking through tbe bars
of which one sees tbe scenes of the Na
tivlty, with tbe towers of castles and
palaces In the distance. In tbe fore
ground the Virgin sits by the manger,
holding tbe Infant Saviour, wltb St.
Joseph leaning over her and the wise
men offering sheep, oxen and various
precious gifts. Outside this exterior
stable tbere are figures of men carry
ing sheep and calves on their sboul
ders. hastening to the sacred scene. In
this chapel worshipers remain all night
on their knees. This manger side of
the church Is against tbe east wall,
high upon which la the only window In
the edifice, so that the-first rays of tbe
morning sun irradiate the scenes of
tbe Nativity. Tbe rays lend a roseate
glow, and as soon as this reaches the
worshipers they leave the church, light
cigarettes and begin their festivities.
' Shepherds la Modrra Bethlehem.
From the greatest height in Bethle
hem a distant glimpse of even the
Mediterranean sea may be perceived
on a clear, bright day. Tbe strange
beauty of the surroundings of Bethle
hem, viewed from the town Itself, as
well as from all the neighboring
heights, may have Inspired in the
young shepherd King David some of
those inspiring psalms which have
been the comfort of the afflicted
throughout all ages.
In a beautiful valley near Bethle
hem are the "fields of the shepherds"
ofc sacred memory. Tbese fields are
still used as pasture lands, find many
a young David may be seen tending
bis flock with tbe same care as the
shepherds of yore. When be rests in a
sbady place during tbe sultry hours of
the day the sheep gather around him
and chew the cud. If there happens
to be a wounded one or a little weak
one he carries it on his shoulder or In
the wide bosom of bis long white shirt.
Wheat Can Jackie Sleept
Says Admiral Sir John Arbuthnot
Fisher, first sea lord of tbe British na
ry: In our future sea fights, with de
stroyers haunting us by night and sub
marines dogging ns by day. the two
chief requisites will be endurance and
nerves. A machine has no nerves and
never gets tlied. In tbe Nelsonlc days
they could go to sleep at nights. When
the destroyers arrived we settled to go
to sleep by day. Now the submarine
has come, you can eleep neither by day
nor night r -
OlWraJtar"a Great' Daelc.
The great dock named King Edward
VII. dock at Gibraltar has been com
pleted. It will accommodate tbe lar
gest cruiser In tbe British nary.
old. scarce received by
made their obun.
star that shone in the ages olden.
XV hose, radiance golden
Uhe boise men sabu.
teams buith a light that
he nations drabo. CQ
A HERO OF LIAOYANG
Just after the recent charge which
in the middle of un afternoon dis
lodged the Russians from the mud vll
lage of Entaineul a litter came along,
writes the New York Post's special
correspondent from Cleueral Oku's field
headquarters with the imperial Japa
nese army lu Manchuria. A voice from
tbe litter said, "Bon jour, messieurs.
Looking down, there was the captain
of Infantry, Matsui. who had shown
the foreigners over the Scrub hill posi
tion at the Hills of the Outspread Fin
gers, Shusanpo, just a few days pre
viously. Was be hurt badly V Where
was the wound? It was a bullet
through the shoulder not much.
Never out of Japan till war came, be
never before the day be was detailed
to tell bis 6tory bad seen so many for
elgners. (They were less than a score.)
Nor, be added at the veranda tea In
Uaoyang afterward, had be ever be
fore beard a brass band.
At the Hills of the Outspread Fin
gers he commanded two companies in
tbe Third division during the attack on
Liaoyang. On Aug. 31 two regiments
were ordered to take one end, the worst
end, of Scrub bill. Wire entanglements
ahead caused it to divide. To one side
went Captain Matsui with two com
panies; back of him remained another
In reserve. Arriving at other wire ob
stacles, be cut them and sent men for
ward to learn if there were more on
tbe slope itself. While awaiting their
report the reserves, who bad been told
not to fire unless Matsul's command
was in extremis, opened notwithstand
ing on the Russian trenches. Russians,
rising to fire back, discovered Matsul's
men and at the first volley shot down
ten of them. Thus checked, Matsui
took bis men to a road, formed them
in close order and went ahead to where
there were underground mines. Two of
these exploded, then six more, and the
whole little band was covered with
dirt, but no man injured. The men ran
back to a ditch. Otlicers of the reserve,
seeing this, ran forward.
Rifle fire kept up. Captain Matsui
was struck in the thigh. His men re
formed, leaving the ditch and be mov
ed them forward up the bill to within
200 yards of the trenches. Tbere the
men stopped. Shrapnel from hills be
yond tbe one they were climbing was
dropping upon them. They tried again
and fell back, then threw up Mttle
earth shelters with the spades on their
knapsacks. Couriers were sent to
battalion and to regimental command
ers for Instructions. They did not live
to return. Captain Matsui was cut
off. lie must rely upon his own devices.
He kept his men in their improvised
shelters, many in the lee of the mounds
of Chinese graTcs. till midday. No or
ders from bis superiors. iUtd bis hurt
grobus et)er clearer
thigh not improving, be then felt that
he should attempt something. When
he tried to get up, his wound would not
let him. As only one lieutenant was
left to lead the men, the captain would
not relinquish command. He announc
ed to the lieutenant, "We will take our
men up the bill."
He rose aud started, then fell side
wise on the hip that was uot tit. A
sergeant lifted him to a rock. The
Russian rifles up the bill threw a sharp
bail against the two companies. Some
bullets passed throuch three men. The
captain sang out that they must go on.
Seeing what was happening, the re
serves back on the plain and another
battalion to the right started to back
up these two bard placed companies,
who were now charging, straining
through sparse, knee high scrub pine.
They were dropping, dropping (I saw
this charge through n Klnss. but did
not know who was making it at that
time), growing fewer and fewer. At
the top they arrived too weak to take
tbe trench. Out of 103 men only 71
remained. So they crept for protection
under the Russian breastwork Itself
and lay close.
Every time a Russian bead and rifle
showed above on the rim of the breast
work a Japanese . would shoot. The
Russians bad to stay on their side and
the Japanese had to stay on theirs.
Not four feet apart In space, they were
teparated from one another by nn up
thrown wall of dirt and, turf. Stones
were rolled down upon the cowering
men. They threw them back at the en
emy over tbe wall. The reserves now
had their feet on the slope; they were
coming fast without a stop, for the
Russians could do nothing with seventy-one
rifles ready four feet away to
put boles In every head that lifted up
and tried to aim a shot.
The reserves were at band. All went
up tbe breastwork together. Two Rus
sians threw away their arms and
scrambled out of the trench and away.
An oilicer In a colonel's uniform Jump
ed up and cut loth down with two
slashes of bis sword. No une! Stam
pede bad commenced. The Japanese
were clambering across tbe little bas
tion. One of them shot the colonel, and
be lay, quite dead, with his bloody
sword, beside the two be had killed.
Captain Matsui. back on bis rock
with a useless thigh, saw bis flac break
out over the position. After that we
met bim and learned that he was twenty-seven
Trolley In Japaa.
Electric railways are getting to be
tbe fashion In Japan. Tokyo bas them
In abundance, and now Osaka, tbe com
mercial tenter of Japan, is preparing
to follow suit.
"Y""! TILL there be any Christmas
YV for me?"
The man who spoke thesa
words was plodding along over a coun
try highway, and he shivered as thai
icy blast whirled the suowfiakes about:
his bead. t
"Shall I bang up my stocking or
Christmas eve as lu tbe days of yore,"
he mused as be bent bis bead to thai
blast, "or shall I try to forget tbat It
was ever rich and happy and had at
loving family about me? Tens of thou
sands of stockings will bang In thai
chimney corners, and tens of tbou-J
sands of people will be made happy,
but as for me"
A lump gathered In his throat and
tears In bis eyes, and the toes peeping)
out of one of his shoes took on a deep-i
er red. It was only three day to?
Christmas. The farmers were mark-
lng down the fattest turkeys, geese
and pigs to le killed for the festive
occasion, and farmers' wives were
making pumpkin pies and cranberry;
sauce and smiling as they thought of!
the gifts they bad bidden away.
"No; Christmas and its happiness arot
not for me." sighed the man as be.
turned his back to the storm for a mo
ment to get bis breath. "It Is my busi
ness to feel bad and suffer, to be hun
gry and ragged, to remember all the,
joys of the past and not to think of the
future, with its sorrows, and I will be
brave to the end. Perhaps when tbeyj
find my stirlly frozen body on tbe high
way and observe the pitiful expression
on the dead face they may smooth!
back my grizzled locks and wish tbeyl
bad been kind to me, and perhaps
they may only use me for a Yule log in1
the fireplace and joke about me a
tbey sit around toasting their feet. It
can make no difference to me, bower
"18 TOUR NAME WILLIE 'f
er. Tbere Is no fat goose with sage,
dressing for me. no pumpkin pie and!
fried cakes, no Santa Clans to drop n
gold watch In my stock"
"Is your name Willie?" asked a'
voice at bis elbow.
"It Is," replied the wayfarer as be
turned and saw a man wltb a silver
star on bis breast aud a club In bl.i
"Then come with me. Santa Clans
has got something for you after all."
W. W. followed the silver star to
the village and was lodged In a house
where all the windows were barred
and the doors locked to keep burglars
out, and early the next morning be
was taken before u leiilgn looking oldl
man, wbo Ienlgnly asked:
"My dear man, are you expecting;
anything for Christmas?"
"Not a thing." was W. W.'s sad and:
"Then I have a little surprise tor you.'
I am going to give you three month i In
jail, and if that doesn't cure jour
cough I'll make It six next time. Re
move the prisoner and see tbat be get
plenty of Ic water to drink."
And the man who thougl t the world'
was against him did not uvt left after
all. A. B. LEWIS.
Mrs. Uadrr'i UBeratltr.
Struggling I'astor NeaHy all tbe
congregation has suImmti! liberally
for tbe Christmas tree fund, and 1 feel
sure that I can also have your hearty
co-operation. How much will you
Mrs. Ieader Let me see. Oh. I am
the only uiemler who has carriage
and coachman, I think.
"Yes. The rest are poor."
"Well, I will drive around and col
lect the subscriptions."
Uta Waats bat Llttl"
"Made known your wants for Christ
"Sure. Asked the forty-seven friend
wbo sent me suspenders last year to
send trousers to match them this."
Cincinnati TlDe-BUr. ....:.-