Newspaper Page Text
ROCK " I
VOL LI V. NO. 70.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1905.
PACKS TO 14.
UNTH quite recently the term
. agronomist has not appeared
with sufficient frequency in
the public prints to win rec
ognition as a legitimate and properly
derived English word. Since the nota
ble achievement of P. O. Holden. pro
fessor of agronomy in the Iowa State
Agricultural colleg-e at Ames, who does
not resent being coupled with the unfa
miliar litlv, but. on the contrary, seems
to be rather proud of It, the word has
come Into such frequent use that It will
Tery soon seem like an old friend.
An agronomist, divested of the mys
tery attendant on the term. Is one who
Is devoted to scientific husbandry. It
Is only within the present generation
that such a science or art as agronomy
baa come to the front as a factor In
American agriculture. In former years
the only species of husbandry which
could be certain of a respectful hearing
was the practical and rather dogmatic
teaching vouchsafed by a race of agri
culturists whose stock In trade was
tradition and whose bugbear was ex
perimentation. There is no better illustration of the
fact that scientific husbandry Is in the
ascendant than Is furnished by the re
sults obtained by Professor Holden.
who In the last twelvemonth, it would
appear, has earned $10,000,090 for the
farmers of Iowa. This rather astound
ing feat has been accomplished without
mystery or Jugglery of any description,
and the machinery employed has been
so simple that the merest tyro In farm
ing cannot plead Ignorance.
For several years the great corn
producing plain east of the Mississippi
bad been showing a decided deosTne
both In the quantity and quality of Its
leading product. This degenerative
process was so unmistakable that the
farmers of the belt were becoming dis
heartened. This was especially true of
lows, whlck had long stood at the head
of the list as a corn producing state.
Almost as a last resort the farmers of
that stale appealed to science for re
lief. Their urgent demand for aid led
to the engagement of Professor Holden
by the state agricultural college.
The corn growers were rather skep
tical as to the results likely to be
brought about by a man who bore such
title as agronomist, but they were
willing in their strait to listen to any
body and to make a trial of any reme
dy. The new wonder worker began his
evangel of corn by convincing his au
ditors that be actually knew more about
the business than any of them. His ini
tial campaign was one of education.
Por a month at a time be traveled over
the com growing section of the state
ANCIENT CHINESE MAP
The drawing represents the oldest map of the world known to be In exist
ence. . In the ancient European maps of the globe the cartographer starts from
some point well known and branches out, first boldly, with much attention to
detail, and growing less and less definite all the time, finally arriving at a point
where he Is obliged to depend entirely on his Imagination. This Is precisely
what the Chinese maker of the map herewith shown has done. Starting with
China as the center of the earth, he has drawn upon his creative faculty for the
remainder. The text around the. outer surface makes a number of astounding
statements. One of them Is that the world at that time contained 84.000 different
NEW SALVATION ARMY WORKERS FOR DENMARK.
The cut is from a recent photograph of Colonel and Mrs. Sowton. who are
the Salvation Army officials assigned to the command of the forces In Denmark.
Until recently Colonel and Mrs. Sowton have been In charge of the army's work
In Chicago, which prospered exceedingly under their efficient supervision. Be
fore coming to America the colonel and bis estimable helpmeet served the army
In Denmark for twelve years. They are fully awake to the needs of the Scandi
navian branch of the work, and General Booth is confident that notable results
will follow their arrival at Copenhagen, where the Salvation Army has been
fcrdx ULUahW Sot nanr, yeax ' ' '"v.
and talked almost constantly of sons
and preparation and culture. A special
car was furnished by the railroad com
panies, and from the rear platform Pro-
feasor Holden delivered brief and telling
lectures to the farmers who awaited
him at every stopping place. In this
way he visited from fifteen to twenty
rural centers every day. and his audi
ences In most of them ranged well up
In the hundreds.
The professor did not employ many
scientific terms, but clothed his Ideas
on com growing in language which
could not fail to be understood. He ex
plained all the advanced knowledge
which had been determined by experi
ment and admonished the farmers that
they had only to open their eyes to see
for themselves. He laid special stress
upon the selection of seed. To illus
trate how much depended upon this.
point ne exnioitea seed corn of all va-T
pointed out that which was fesjbe avoid
ed and that which would f "t-
OF THE W0RLG&v'
i. k.bw . x w wwx wr
Isfactory results. He-convinced them
by numerous reports of tests he had
made with different specimens that
much more depended upon the proper
A BURMESE FUNERAL CAR.
The elaborate vehicle shown in the
cut is In reality a hearse. When a
Burmese Buddhist priest' dies the body
la kept for a year or so In a monastery.
It-is then cremated or kept in a spe
cially built shrine. Each ceremony is
proceeded by some days of festivity,
during which the body is placed upon
the gorgeous car shown in the picture
and drawn through the principal streets
of the town. The car consists of tiers
of pictures illustrating events described
in Buddhist writings. Some of these
funeral cars are resplendent with mir
rors and polished plates of metal.
When one is designed for a hpongl. or
priest, of high degree much money is
frequently lavished upon Its ornamenta
tion. STATUE OF A SIGNER
The picture represents the noble bronze statue of Robert Treat Paine which
was recently unveiled at Taunton, Mass.. The figure Is of heroic proportions and
shows Paine with a copy cf the Immortal Declaration in-his left hand, while in
the right Is the quill pen with which he is about to sign his name. The etatue Is
placed in the beautiful City Hall square at Taunton, which was the bosae of the
patriot, j - . w . .- -4 -
selection of seed than they had ever be
Then he told them how it happened
that he became an agronomist a stu
dent of husbandry. Like so many other
wonderful things, it raa an accident.
He was teaching-a district school In
Michigan, and it occurred to him to get
up a corn growing contest among bis
MONUMENT TO BENJAMIN HAR
RISON. It has been decided to erect' the con
templated monument to the Rie Benja
min Harrison, ex-president, on a plot In
front of the new postoffice and court
house building In Indianapolis. The
model most favorably considered Is
shown in the cut. It is a sitting figure of
the ex-president upon a pedestal of
granite. At a distance of about thirty
feet on each side there are to be alle
gorical figures Illustrative of Harrison's
two avocations soldier and statesman.
Rudolph Schwarz is the designer of the
work, and it has attracted much favor
able comment. The committee in charge
of the matter has at its disposal $50,000.
which, it Is estimated, will be sufficient.
OF THE DECLARATION.
Ho was Com' Crop
pupils. He Induced the boys to select
the earliest, biggest and most perfect
ears from the field, to store them care
fully and to plant only from this picked
seed. The result of the contest was a
surprise to everybody in the district.
The boys secured a yield almost double
that of their fathers, and the professor
saw that he had stumbled upon a mat-
ter of sufficient importance to warrant
him In proceeding further in his Inves
tigations. He abandoned schoolteach
ing and gave himself up to the perfec
tion of his system. In time his fame
spread, and he was offered the manage
ment of a 25.000 acre farm in Illinois.
The salary tendered him was so allur
ing that he accepted, Besides, it was
the opportunity he had sought to es
tablish the accuracy of his deductions.
The first year of his superintendency
he planted 20.000 acres of corn, and
when it was harvested it was found
that there were over 100.000 bushels
more than the same land had ever pro
duced. More thaa that, the average
quality of the grain was greatly im
proved. Such an achievement as this
was not likely to pass unnoticed. The
directors of the Iowa State Agricultural
college were on the lookout for a man
who was engaged in experimental re
search along the line adopted by Hol
den, and he was offered the chair of
agronomy in the institution. This was
a new departure in the school, and the
chair was created especially for Pro
fessor Holden. He did not like to give
ONE OF THE GREATEST
ALPHONSE DB ROTHSCHILD.
Baron Alphonse de Rothschild, born in Paris, July 2. 1827, is the head of the
great banking business established by his grandfather, Mayer Anselm, at Frank-furt-am-Maln
in 1743. This remarkable founder of a remarkable family, born
In comparative obscurity, as the result of a fortunate combination of talent. In
tegrity and good luck became the friend of princes and the financial backer of
an empire. His five sons were made barons by the emperor of Austria in 1822.
These able young men became the financial heads of five strong banking estab
lishments In leading European capitals, Jacob, the father of Alphonse, being
assigned to Paris. Baron Alphonse is prominent In French social and educa
tional circles and is the possessor of $320,000,000.
NEW GATEWAY AT LELAND STANFORD, JR., UNIVElTSITY.
The cut shows the beautiful new gateway recently-completed at Leland
Stanford. Jr.. university, at Palo Alto. Cal. Beneath its massive and handsome
stone towers all visitors must pass in order to enter upon the great campus,
which has been beautified until It is surpassed by no other college grounds in
America. The gateway Is Italian in design and Is constructed of the buff sand
stone which enters so largely into' the composition of the college buildings In
the quadrangle. It stands about 200 yards from Talo Alto railway station, at the
beginning of the broad, tree bordered avenue which leads to the quadrangle. On
each side of the avenue is a tower about forty feet in height and roofed with
red UIos, Th cost of the gateway, was about $25,000.
up his corn growing experiments on the
big farm, but the Iowa folks promised
him that his opportunity for original
research shpuld not be curtailed, and he
Professor Hotfien began hi work at
Ames by inviting the Iowa farmers to
come to the agricultural college during
the winter and investigate for them
selves the methods he employed in tho
selection of seed corn aivl 1.1 -t theories
respecting germination. A goodly num
ber accepted the opportunity, and the
plan bore abundant fruit. During the
early spring of each year the professor
continues his scheme of spending a
month in a tour of education, a; id it is
thus that his theories have been ex
ploited in all parts of the state. Last
spring his course extended over several
thousand miles. Alive to the Immensely
profitable results of his "tall end" agri
cultural campaign, the railroads uro
eager to furnish him with all the trans
portation facilities he requires.
Some of the evidences of the college
authorities wisdom in securing- the
services of such an accomplished agron
omist as Professor Holden are manifest
in the Iowa crop report for 1904. For
nine years the corn crop of the Hawk
eye State had averaged twenty-seven
and a half bushels to the acre. Last
season the crop aggregated 350.000.000
bushels. 125.000,000 bushels above the
yield of the previous year, and the av
erage was forty bushels to the acre.
The crop is valued at about $30,000,000
more than that of a year ago, and Pro
fessor Holden Is universally accredited
with a third part of the increase. The
evidence in his favor is indisputable.
The regions In which he conducted his
tour of education raised more corn
than the others. Those in which he had
tha jargest audiences did best of all.
Iowa is proud of her agronomist, and
she has reason to be.
A LONG STAIRWAY.
.Among the staircases the world over
none, it is safe to say, is so long or dif
ficult of ascent as "Jacob's ladder."
This remarkable flight contains more
than 700 steps, all rising with the same
lift in the same direction. The steps
rise at an angle of exactly forty-five de
grees. "Jacob's ladder" ascends a par
ticularly steep hill at St. Helena. The
steps are naturally the most direct
route to the summit of the hill and, de
spite their great length, are traversed
daily by hundreds of wayfarers. There
are said to be many persons who from
long practice are able to ascend the
steep stairway at a rapid pace without
once stopping for breath.
FINANCIERS IN THE WORLD.
Achievements of Mrs. Crane
and Other Public Spir
The attention of state Itoard of
health throughout the Union has beeu
drawn to the Michigan slaughter house
and butchers meat Inspection law,
which has done so much good. It ha
abolished to a Kre.it decree the un
healthful and horribly offensive condi
tions thut exist iu the neighborhood of
so many private slaughter house. Tho
law was the work of one public spirited
woman, Hev. Caroline liartlett Crane,
pastor of the People's church, Kalauia
roo, Mlcb. Mrs. Crane drafted with
her own hands the inspection law.
Mrs. Crane also nrganlzed tin Kala
mazoo Civic Improvement league for
the moral and physical cleaning up of
HEV. CAUOL1XE 11A11TLKTT CK-VNE.
the city ul making it beautiful. At
tached to the league was a Junior de
partment whose members were tho
school children. A budge was given to
each member of this youthful baud,
and upon it were the word.-t, "I will
The boys and girls pledged them
selves to help keep the streets and side
walks clean by uot throwing torsi p.-.
per or fruit skins upon them and by
not spitting upon theiu: serord. they
promised to protect and care for tbc
wild birds, and third, to leurn to grow
flowers. Prizes for the linest flower
beds were given to the children of eiu-li
Mrs. Crane knows that n home ci'rt
be happy or healthy unless the women
of the household know how to cook and
to keep It, as well as the members of
the family, la good sanitary conditio:!.
So as chairman of the depart mm t of
household eeonomlcH In the Michigan"
Federation of Women's Clubs she out
lined for women a printed schema of
"Studies In Housekeeping." The schema
Includes scieutiiie plumbing, heating
and ventilation. The famous woman
preacher and sociologist Is now work
ing to have a trained nurse on duty lit
all the state pnorhouscs.
In the largest cities of tho Union
women are beginning to Ikj employed
by the municipal authorities tin proba
tionary ofileers. In New York they
serve us such In both the police ui.d
school departments. Several of tliciu
rank among the most ctllcient of sucti
officers In the whole city. The femi
nine probationary officers work esp.
dally among women and children.
First offenders are often released by
courts and put In charge of the proba
Mrs. A. It. Ramsey, senior probation
officer of the New York Juvenile court,
has made some Interesting and most In
structive child studies' among tha
youthful thieves and school truants
that come under her care.
One of her ontrIbtitlons to child
knowledge throws strong light on how
criminals are built. She has found la
her e.periene that a child has no nat
ural ideas of the property rights of
others. If he see- something he wants
he Just takes it without knowing or
thinking whether he has any rljrht to
do so or not. She has conversed with
clergymen on this subject, ami many of
them confessed that when they wero
littlo. at the dawning of their first rec
ollection, they took on the sly small
articles they wanted.
Apparently children naturally steel
things to cat and fcmaH objects that
seem desirable to them. They know no
better. If. as they grow older, the
sense of Justice, of right ami wrong. Is
not carefully drilled Into them by up
peuls to thlr awakening moral nature
they many a time Iwmie the adult
thieves, burglars and embezzlers ot the
social organization. Mrs. Ramsey con
cludes that petty larceny Is nn Instinct
In childmn and that it requires b!gn
and pure moral training on the part of
teacher and parent to educate this ani
mal survival out of them.
These Intelligent women probation
ary officers are looking Into the cause
of things. Miss Alice Smith In connect
ed with one of New York's 'police
courts. Her mission lie largely with
neglected young girls. Her conclusion
Is that most of all are needed In tbU
case working girls hotels where those
earning from f 4 to $d a week can be
sheltered and fed comfortably In a
bouse that Is Inviting to their sense of
beauty. To the end that at least one
such hotel shall be constructed in tier
district Miss 8mlth Is devotin; her
scare time. Tte lixrtel.can be erected
.(Continued on Page Fourteen.)