Newspaper Page Text
KCDCCC ISLAND AMU
PAGES 9 TO 12.
THE ARGUS, FK1DAY, JANUARY. 19, 1900,
THE PERSONAL SIDE F JAMES J. MILL, EMPIRE BUILDER
JAMES J. FULL, lie was christened
by bis parents, but "Jim- Hill he
La a Lceu christened by mankind.
He Las been called "The Wizard
,ot the Northwest." lie has also been
called almost every other name la the
category, many of them uncompli
mentary. These things have worried
blm not at alL lie has gone on dream
ing dreams and making them coma
true, building railroads, steamships,
elevator and what not; talking to
(fanners, bankers, railroad men and
almost everybody else that jiceded tails-
Deing'a Sard "taskmaster, even to (he
point of Injustice, but he brings ef
ficiency Into his system and achieves
his ends. He is certainly a strict dis
ciplinarian, but be makes discipline
count. He Is charged with disliking re
forms and reformers, of having little
sympathy with popular movements and
of achieving his purposes by almost any
means, as In the Northern Pacific nier-"
ger. If so, these are a part of the man
and must be studied in finding the key
to his empire building career.
The recent reoort of Mr. Hill's Con
ner started the storv that Mr. Hill in-1 eI oittTof Tils men to estimate tne yield
ana when he railed to ao so estimated
JAMES J. HI Lin
ing to. He' was liorn in Canada, but
couldn't te kept there, and educated
for the medical profession, but that
would not hold him either. He started
poor and bad all sorts of adversities to
meet, but what are adversities to
man who dares to think big things and
to do tliem? He has possessed the rare
combination of enterprise tempered by
economy, of genius governed by com
mon Mouse. He has been accused of
templated retirement and bis emphatic
ueuiai or me rumor, coupled with the
banquets given him In St. Paul, have
again called attention to this man who
Is never entirely out of the vision of the
The Cireat Northern Mogul. "
As to the rumor of his retiring, this
U not the first time it has been sprung.
There have been at least two other oc
casions, .years ago. when the newspa-
tended to retire, either voluntarily or
involuntarily, but Hill failed to see
why bis life should be regulated by
rumor, so be stuck. He is still stick
lug. If puns had not been made a
espital offense, a remark would be in
jrder here that the Great Northern
president is not of a retiring disposi
tion, but that is beyoud the llmi
Something about the eternal Hills could
likewise be mug in. but that Is also
barred. Harriman. once tried to cbaso
Jim Hill off the map, but the Great
Northern mogul refused to be chased.
If Harriman could not scare him into
relinquishing his job there is no hope
that a mere newspaper item can do it.
The only influence that will cause Hill
to retire is an old gentleman with an
hourglass and a scythe. He prevails
on us all to quit the game sooner or
later, and there is no probability that
Hill, with all his money and organiz
ing ability, can circumvent old man
Some wise man has said. "You must
either agree with Jim Hill or kill him."
There is a third alternative you need
Hot work on his roads or live in the
northwest. But if you do you might as
well get in line or prepare to be fired
or to ngnt. mil nas Lis own notion
about things, and as he owns the
things his notion has to go. He not
only runs his roads, but tells people iu
the vicinity how to farm, how to con
duct .banking, how to get immigration
and how to manage their towns.
Horny Handed Farmer.
Mr. Hill is such au omnivorous reader
and has such a retentive memory that
he knows almost everything, from the
price of a rivet in a louiocottve to the
quality of a tine oil painting, and from
the yield of a wheatiield to the way to
run a steamboat. There may be limita
tions to his knowledge, but I am not
conscious of them, and neither is ho
He is a horuy handed farmer, so he
knows all about that. He ruus and
owns every sort or river ana ocean
craft except battleships, so he is up on
that. He is his own connoisseur iu
buying paintings, diamonds and other
gems, so Le is informed Iu that Hue.
He knows so much about the history
of foreign lands that be gave some Rus
sians and Belgians who visited him
Ioiuts about their own countries that
they bad never heard. He has beeu
known to tell his oldest engineers how
to run their locomotives and to tell the
builders bow to make these great ma
chines. When a man once tried to sell
blm some locomotives 1 1 ill showed him
that his price was tot) high, telling him
in detail the cost of every component
part, from bolts to driving wheels and
from whistle to cow catcher. At an
other time when his special train was
passing through a wheatiield Hill ask-
lt himself and did It so closely that he
showed wheat raising bad no mysteries
for him. The government may dis
tribute seeds, but Hill has it beat to
death on this line, for he distributes not
only seed, but fine blooded stock, to
the farmers along his lines, and like
wise tells how the seed should be plant
ed and how the stock should be bred
and cared for. He takes a paternal in
terest in the municipalities along his
roads, Instructing them how to build
up. get rid of disreputable resorts and
the like. As to state governments, he
has been accused at various times of
running most of those in his territory.
But his activities do not stop here.
When he goes to Wall street, which is
frequently, he gives the high financiers
tips on how to do things right. In fact,
Jim Hill is almost as universal u char
acter as Ifluperor William. He is the
Grand Old Adviser of the northwest.
The only reason that region has not
been called the Hill country is because
nobody ever before had the temerity to
spring such a rank pun. Or uiaylie it
has been so called, only I should hate
to think of any one else as beiug so
James Jerome Hill was born on an
Ontario farm in 1S3S. His. father's
early death took the boy out or school.
and young Jim went to work. In a
short time he concluded that Canada
was too small to contain all the things
he intended to do in the world, so be
struck out for the States. Before gj-
ing ue moweij a large meadow for a
neighbor to earn enough money to start
him ou his way, going barefoot in the
hay field In order to save his boots. Ev
erybody says Jim was a good (hoy la
Ontario, never robbed birds nests.
utole peaches or did those things which
be ought not to have done. Now noth
ing gets away from him.
Expert at Shoving Freight.
After reaching this country the boy
fooled around in the east till -lie lost
ail his mowing money, then struck out
for the west. It is said he tramped
into St. Paul without a dollar in his
pocket. Somehow all these captains of
industry do that way walk into town
without a cent. After they have been
on the ground long enough to let their
marvelous instincts get into play most
everybody else walks out of town with
out a cent. The captain of industry
has it all. It took Hill a long time to
learn the game of high finance, but
when he did learn it the public pocket
book knew that it was either an annex
ation or a foot race. Iu the meantime
he was first a roustabout ou a Missis
sippi steamboat and then a mud clerk.
Now, a mud clerk is u man who stands
around at the lauding and checks off
merchandise at the loading orunload- i
mg or boats, occasionally taking a
hand and rustling a box or a barrel
himself. It is averred that Jim Hill
became an expert at shoving freight
even before he had a railroad to shove
it over. He kept at mud clerking sev
eral years, but all the time he was
gritting his teeth and resolving that
he would not work for other people
forever. Now everj-body is working
Cy Warmau says that Hill never got
out of the lowly walks of life until he
received an inheritance of a few hun
dred dollars from borne, but this may
be only another of Warmau's railroad
romances. At any rate, Hill got pos
session of some steamboats and ran
them up the Ked Ifiver of the North.
Then he became a railroad agent at St.
Paul and worked a scheme of reform
ing things in the traffic generally. Ev
erybody regarded his plan as so chi
merical that he was generally called
"Crazy Jim" Hill those days, but when
he succeeded the name was dropped.
A successful crazy man is a genius.
Two Streaks of Rust.
Shortly after this the St. Paul and
Pacific railroad was ou the verge of
bankruptcy. It had a large name, but
that was the only big thing about it ex
cept its debts. The road itself was
two streaks of rust, ending no place iu
particular. Originally it was intended
to push it through to Manitoba or even
to the coast, but the thing had become
discouraged after 200 or 300 miles and
stopped in the middle of a prairie.
"Crazy Jim" Hill sized up that dilap
idated debt producer and decided that
here was the opportunity of his life.
He told his story to a Scotch friend
who had money and after he was
through received the cheerful informa
tion. "Jem, you are a fool." But he
Isn't the sort that stops at small re
buffs, and at last he got some Canadian
bankers interested, and they furnished
enough money to buy the road.
Then Hill began one of the most phe
nomenal feats ever accomplished in
American railroading. Without a cent
of subsidy be pushed that line through
to the Pacific. His plan of campaign
was .something new to railway men.
lie made the trade of the road pay for
building it onward. Every new mile
aiust become u revenue producer to
build the next mile. When it is re
flected that he was traversing; practi
cally an uninhabited waste the difficul
ty of this undertaking may be con
ceived. There was nothing to do but
to build up the country as he went
along. To effect this result he adver
tised it, induced immigration, gave the
farmers blooded cattle and bought
town sites and induced settlers to take
them off his hands. In short,, he not
only constructed his road, but erected
an empire to support it.
At" the "same" time' the Northern Pa
cific and the Canadian racifie were !e
Ing built, both with large government
subsidies. Now, iu military affairs
there are two methods of subsisting an
armv. One is to keen open a line of
supplies, so that the home government
can shin iu provisions. This is the
usual method. The other plan, which
is not only more unusual, but more
hazardous, is to cut loose and forage
off the enemy. Sherman did this in
his march to the sen. Hill could not
cut loose from a government line of
supplies, for he had none, but he could
and did forage off the enemy. He
made, the country feed and support
him as he went forward to subdue it.
Daring In Big Enterprises.
It has been 'said that no railroad was'
over built so cheaply as Hill built the
Great Northern. lie cut corners and
economized at every turn, yet he secur
ed a splendid roadbed and the best of
rolling stock. One of t first things
on which be'insisted was that all space
in freight cars should be utilized, that
no empties should be hauhil cither way
if iK)ssible to avoid it. To keep his cars
loaded in both directions, he first es
tablished a liue of steamers from St.
Paul to Buffalo, through the 'great
lakes. On the other end. he hunted for
a market until he found it in Japan,
then put on a line of steamers from
Puget sound to the orient. He reduced
expenses wherever possible, yet was
daring in his big enterprises. If elevat
ors charged him too much he built his
own elevators, livery tiling lie could
porsibly do for himself be did. He
made his general offices a training
school for his employees.
Today men from the Hill roads have
no trouble in securing situations, for
they are knryvn to be the best trained
railroad men iu the land. Hill once set
Wall street by the ears when he stated
that a railroad should be run ami main
tained for not more than wO per cent of
its earnings. Ridiculous!" cried other
railroad men, for it cost them 70. Now
railroads everywhere are adopting Ids
Another plan he has adopted is to
deal honestly with his stockholders. I
hardly know why he should so dwell
en this noint unless it is to insinuate
tnat other railroads do not deal nouest
ly with their stx'kholders. He should
know as to that.
Like all other captains of Industry,
Mr. Hill gives the secret of his success
as hard work. Every high financier
gives the secret of his success as hard
work. AVork! Work! Work all the
time you can. and ail the people you
can: Meantime the dear public not
onlj- has to work, but be worked.
James J. Hill is a devoted Shake-
I speare student. He bas many pecul
iarities. One is that be dislikes bells
will not have telephone or call bells
about him if he can help it. Another
Is that be is very absentminded. Once
be wore bis nightshirt under bis coat,
of course to a big banquet and recep
tion. He likes to help out his old
friends who are in straitened circum
stances. He is gruff, but kindly, a bad
man to meet iu anger, fires his em
ployees without warning, makes bit
sous work as hard as any man under
him and keeps everything moving. He
is stockily built, with long white hair
and tangled beard, a hypnotic eye and
a prominent, gleaming brow that wan
ders all over the top of bis bead. lie
is Protestant, but gives to Bom an Cath
olic charities as much as to those of
his own church. This is on account of
Mrs. 1X121. who was a poor Catholic:
girl, whom Mr. Hill educated In a con
vent. They Lave a large family, two
of the sous being thorough railroad
men. One of them, Iewls W. Hill, is
slated to succeed bis father as presi
dent of the Great Northern.
At the time of the famous Northern
Securities decision Jim Hill said pen
si vely to a friend: Tbey may spoil it
all, and I may be beaten this time; but,
whatever happens, I've made my mark
?u the world. Here it is." And he point
ed to a large wall map of the Great
Northern. J. A. EDGEBTON.
""lie KnlKbta and fb Kins.
William Watson, the distinguishitl au
thor of the olhcial "Coronation Ode" to
Edward VII., thus describes the ituu
tion lMtweei the czar nud his Hussian
subjects iu the Iaily Chronicle of Lon
don: Tho kniirftts role up with rifts for th
And one was a Jcwelor! worI.
And one wax a R'llt of Kolclen mail.
And oni was a golden word.
He bufkl'-d the whininK armor on.
And he nirt the sword at Mm ftlde.
But lie flunt; at hi feet the golden word
And tra.mplt.-cl It in hln pride.
The armor Is pierced with many peer.
And th 5tord is brexklnK In twain.
But the -ord hath risen In torm and flr
To vanquish ami to reign.
The llUHninn friMni,
The orthodox peasant is as little ac
customed to question governmental as
religious questious. holding equally to
his faith In God and In the czar, aays
Herbert II. I. Pelrce in the January
Atlantic. If he has heretofore submit
ted to what he regards as the oppres
sion of the burentuTacy It Is because he
bas seen no way of combating it. Once,
however, convince him that he has
rights which by exertion he can obtain,
and he becomes a fanatic, pressing on
with irresistible force to the attainment
of his end, as the recent strikes Lave
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE
A N N A K A T II A It I N K G G EEN,
whose detective stories have fas-
VrV ciuated millions of ieople.isMrs
Charles Itoblfs iu private life.
"Servants, as a class." she said recent
ly, "are excellent. I have no sympathy
with those women who say it is impos
sible to get good servants. I admit,
though, that now
and then an impos
sible servant turns
up. An impossible
servant, a coos,
turned up at the
house of a friend of
mine last week.
This cook was from
She came, to my
friend with a high
from an employ
ment agency, but as
soon as she entered
the house she leenn to ask the most
"My friend answered her questions
with civility, 'but in the end they reach
ed a point where civility would no lon
I see you have a daughter. What
is her name?" said the new cook.
"'Margaret.' my friend answered.
'Margaret?' said the cook. 'Dear
ni! I guess you'll have to call her
something else while I'm here, for my
name's Margaret too.'"
Itev. Charles Wagner, who wrote
"The Simple Life," a look that was
highly praisd by Iresident Roosevelt,
spoke in a New York church one Sun
day when he visited America some
months ago. After
the address, says
the New Tork
Times, a reception
was held in the ves
try. Tastor Wag
ner became the cen
ter of a bevy of
women, from whom
be attempted to ex
wa approached by
an elderly matron
gushing over with enthusiasm.
"Oh, Mr. Wagner," she exclaimed, "I
am so delighted to see you! I bare en
Joyed your operas so much!
Pastor Wagner fled.
Chief among the several factors that
make or mar the successful launching
of a novel Is the question of its title.
fr'Ot. C71"T months, ago Booth Tarking-
ion was lamenting to a friend that his
new novel had not yet been christened.
"What Is the main Idea of the novel?"
his companion asked.
"Well, the hero is a really fine young
fellow who has grown up with a bad
name somehow give a dog a badtj
name, you know and every man's
band Is against him. and be has a pret
ty tough time of it for years, but ,nally
he winds up by con
quering the town."
His friend ponder
ed a moment. "Why
not call it the con
quest of something
or other?" he sug
have there been in
titles alreadv?" ask-
i ed the author.
the other, "there's
the 'Conquest of
Youth' that wasn't fiction, and and
and the conquest of Canaan," he finish
"The conquest of Canaan?" repeated
Tarklngton slowly. "What's that?"
Ills friend laughed. "Why, by
Joshua V he said. "Don't you know
your Bible, man?"
"It's the very thing!" said Mr. Tark
lngton triumphantly. "We'll call the
town Canaan, and the book 'The Con
quest of Canaan.' It's Just what I
want. Besides, the part of Indiana
where the story Is laid Is full of Bib
lical names Zionsville, New Palestine,
Lebanon, and so on."
And "The Conquest of Canaan" it
"I hope. he said, "that we may
meet again. I am Hichard Harding
"Are you?" said Mr. Davis, laughing.
So am I."
One day In Egypt Mr. Davis wns
studying the pyramids when n guide
approached and said to him:
"It took hundred of years to build
theui monuments, sir."
"A government job, ch?" said the
MUSIC TO REFORM NATION.
There are peculiar people who poe
as famous authors and get quite a lit
tle glory out of the sham for a time.
Richard Harding Davis, novelist nr.d
was in New Mexico
a year ago attend
ing a performance
of his farce, "The
Dictator," when a
young man near by
entered into conver
sation wfth him. The
young man proved
to be entertaining,
lie was tall and
strong, and he bad
been, be said. In ev
ery part of the world. Princes, dukes,
rajahs, sultans and even kings were
numbered among this . Individual's
At the end of the performance be
shook Mr. Davis hpnrf-lrJpT.the.hftnil.
Ednrntor Saym It "Will lie Vitalizing
Force to Hen tore Balance.
Music as the vitalizing force that will
reform national life and restore the
balance was advocated to remedy pres
ent ills by Professor Toralins of Chi
cago in a recent address before the
Wisconsin Teachers' association, says
a Milwaukee special dispatch to the
"The trouble with our national life,"
he said, "is that it Is out of balance.
Commercialism has turned our beads.
Everything else is apt to be sacrificed
to the acquisition of wealth.- The need
of today Is to have the balance of life
restored and to send men and women
In .search of something res!ly worth
having.' That something is spirit. What
we need is a great composite life, per
vading, powerful and teneficent, as
much better and stronger than the
present degrading life that threatens
our country as life is better and stron
ger than the darkuess it drives away."
Professor Tomlins said this would
come through the public schools, and
music would be the force behind the
Spanioli Almond For California.
The viticulturai experimental station
of the government at IakII, Cal., is try
ing the Spanish Jordan almond with a
small measure of success, and it Is
hoped that within the next few years a
system of cultivation and propagation
will 1k reached which will Insure good
returns from this great nut tree, says a
Lodi correspondent of the Sacramento
Bee. The Spanish 'variety sells for a
dollar a pound blanched, while the na
tive nut only realizes half this amount.
La r sent Take of Salmon Ckk".
The salmon eggs taken up to a recent
date by Captain G. II. Lainbson from
the three United States fish commis
sion stations under his charge, which
are situated at Battle Creek and Mill
Creek, iu Tehama county, and Baird,
on the McCloud river, in Shasta coun
ty. In California, amount to 117.000,000,
says a Sisson correspondent of the Sac
ramento Bee, the largest take of salm
on eg.gs in one season in the history
of. salmon cult ore in the world.
QUEER OLD PA; EANTS
SOME ANCIENT FESTIVALS AND
THEIR STRANGE CEREMONIES.
l'lie Peculiar One That Com ni e in urat
ed the Flight Into Egypt Twelfth
Hay and I'low Montfny Celebra
tions In England.
England has had her miracle plays
from very early times, and many of
them, intended to impress Scriptural
truths on the minds of the ignorant
populace, were no doubt absurd and
irreverent enough to our modem ideas,
but none of them, one thinks, can have
equaled in grossness the Festival of
the Ass, which was instituted jjy-the
Patriarch Theophylact of Coustantino
ple in commemoration of the llight into
Egypt. j .
Every year on Jan. 14 an ass, on
which a beautiful girl with a baby' in
her arms was seated, after having
been led in solemn procession through
the city, was taken into the church and
placed near the high altar while the
service was performed: but iustead of
giving the usual responses the people
all brayed as loudly as they could. A
hymn in praise of the as was also
sung, the congregation joining as loud
ly as they could iu the bee haw chorus.
This hymn is written in a strange mix
ture of Trench and mediaeval i Latin
and consists of nine verses and u cho
rus. It has been translated, and we
quote three of the verses so as to give
some idea of its absurdity:
From tho country of the ea-st
Came this strong and handsome bea3t,
This able ass, beyond compare.
Heavy loads and paks tr bear.
Now. seignior ass, a noble bray;
Thy beauteous mouth at laree display.
Abundant food our haylofts yield.
And oats abundant load the field.
Hee haw! Hee haw! Hee haw I
True It is his pate Is slow
Till he feels the quickened blow,
Till he feels the urging oud
On his hinder part bestowed.
Now, seignior ass, etc.
With your holly full of grain.
Bray, most honored ass, amen!
Bray out loudly, bray again;
Never mind the old amen;
Without ceasing bray again.
Amen! Amen! Amen! Amen!
Hee haw! Hee haw! Hee haw!
The due observance of many of the
old ceremonies was often made the oc
casion if not for what could, strictly
speaking, be called a pageant, yet at
least for a festive gathering of the
whole neighborhood. The first known
mention of the Dunmow flitch of bacon
given to two people who would make
oath that they bad been married a
year and a day and had never repented
their choice, never bad a, quarrel and,
if free to be married again, would
choose the tame pereon. appear3 in
Chaucer, where it is spoken' of in the
prologue to the "Wife of Bath's Tale"
as of au already well kuowu institu
There are many other old English
observances partaking of the nature of
a kind of rude, rustic pageant, which
with the decay of farming seem to be
quite dying out. Such are the Twelfth
day celebrations of Herefordshire,
Gloucestershire and the eastern coun
ties and the Festival of Plow Monday
that was formerly held the first day
that plowing was to recommence after
the Christmas holidays.
I'low Monday was always the first
Monday after Twelfth day and is a
very ancient festival. Before the ref
ormation the plowmen used to go
from house to house collecting money
to purchase caudles to burn before cer
tain of the statues in the churches with
a view to obtaining a blessing ou their
lalmrs. The reformation, we are told,
put out the lights, but could not ex
tinguish the festival. The plowmen
still put ou their clean white shirts
over their jackets and bedizened them
selves and their plows with ribbons.
as they had formerly done, but now,
instead of buying plow lights, as they
were called, they purchased beer and
ended the day in riotous conviviality
at the public house.
A Lincolnshire man. who says that
he has himself blown the horn at
many of these rustic celebrations, tells
us how there the plow is decorated and
the plowmen, the thrashers, the reap
ers and the carters gathered from
many a hamlet round, attired either in
clean smock- frocks or in grotesque
garb, go about to the various houses j
of the locality singing and dancing and
not forgetting to shake in a suggestive
manner the niouej box. which is usual
ly carried by a man called Bessy, dis
guised with long ringlets and petti
coats over his worsted stockings and
corduroys. Mactnillau's Magazine.
NEW STATES KNOCKING
FOR. PLACES IN UNION
tj m embers
TENT CITY FOR POOR.
Cleveland to Ilonae Tenement Dwell
em tnilrr Canraa In Parks.
A white summer eitj of tents with
en estimated population of 25.000 locat
ed in one of Cleveland's parks aud un
der municipal control is planned by the
city officials, says a Cleveland (O.) dis
patch. One thousand tents will be installed
early in June and will be kept up until
September. This tented city will be
for the poor of Cleveland aud will aid
in relieving the congested tenement
Stores under municipal provision will
be Included in the tented city, and the
tent dwellers can buy all provisions and
supplies there at actual cost. County
Clerk Salen is author of the move
HE question of admitting new
s to the American sis
of slates is always an
interesting one, but it has pe
culiar interest iu the case now before
the attention of congress. Four differ
ent territories are under consideration
in this connection. They are Arizona,
New Mexico, Indiau Territory and Ok
lahoma, and each has a history full of
stirring and romantic incidents. The
history of the two southernmost terri
tories is linked with that of old Mexico,
and proud and warlike dons and zeal
ous priests and friars figure in the
early annals. The Indian Territory has
witnessed the progress of the red man
upward from a primitive state to one
of comparative civilization ami enlight
enment. The name Oklahoma brings
to mind the remarkable scenes which
ensued when the broad lands which
comprise that territory were opened up
for settlement and populous towns
sprang up in a night where before hail
been but the teuantless prairie.
It would be iossible to make four
states out of the four territories, but
that is not likely to happen. In dis
cussing the question in his recent mes
sage President Roosevelt said:
I recommend that Indian Territory
and Oklahoma be admitted as one
state and that New Mexico and Ari
zona be admitted as one state. Noth
ing has taken up more time in the con
gress during the past few years than
the question as to the statehood to be
granted to the four territories alove
mentioned, and after careful considera
tion of all that has been "developed In
the discussion of the question I rec
ommend that they be Immediately ad
mitted, as .two states."
The" statehood fight Is a somewhat
complicated one. Into which racial
prejudices, politics and various other
considerations enter. Many of the peo
ple of Arizona, especially those living
in the northern part of the territory,
are opposed to the proposition of ad
mission with New Mexico on the
ground that they would be dominated
in all tilings by the people of that ter
ritory, with whom, they say, they have
little in common. In northern Arizona
there is a population made up largely
of Immigrants from the northern and
middle states, while New Mexico is
peopled extensively by those of Span
ish lineage. Opposition to admission
of Arizona with New Mexico has also
arisen among the mining companies of
the former territory. It is stated that
these corporations can operate more
independently and profitably under a
territorial form of government than
thpvi ffln'fo tJc--to tmdgr.gUteb.ood
and do not care to risk a change.
There is substantial unanimity of
opinion in favor of admitting Indian
Territory ami Oklahoma, but opinion
dl Iters whether they should come In as
one state or two. It has leeu asserted
that every citizen of both territories
is in favor of single statehood if it can
be secured and that a large majority
is in favor of joint statehood if null
ing better can be obtained. The peo
ple of Indian Territory have adopted,
subject to ratification by eoogreas. a
slate constitution uud a complete state
organization. They have chosen the
name of "Sequoyah" for the proiowd
new state, thus perpetuating the name
and services of the famous Cherokee
chief who invented the Cherokee alpha
bet and did so much to advance the
Indians of bis own and other trlben in
education and industry.
Iu Indian Territory there are a givat
man' red men of considerable fortune
and no small educational acquire
ments. Tribal organization will gj
out of existence on the 4th of March
next, tribal official will go out of pow
er and tribal taxes will ceime. These
conditions make an early decision u4 to
statehood desirable. It is urged that
no territory ever came to congress
with better claims to statehood than
Oklahoma. The territory ban not only
population, but wealth, commerce. In
dustry and a high degree of civiliza
tion. The ratio of illiteracy 1 said to
be less la the newly settled Oklahoma
than in that headquarter of culture
and educational progress. New Eng
land. The statistics show also that the
wealth per capita Is larger in Oklaho
ma than in New England. While there
are many red men In Oklahoma, the
proportion of Indians to whites Is not
by any mean so large an In Indian
Territory itself, and this constitutes
the main reason why the majority of
the residents of Oklahoma ak for ita
admission as a state on existing terri
torial lines instead of Its future being
linked with that of the adjoining terri
Am Extraordinary Cow.
"When we go to live in the country,
James, we must buy au extraordinary
An extraordinary cow.' What for?
"The doctor says that baby iuuH not
be fed on ordinary cow's milk." Judge.
A llonrh of Ami.
"So," said Kwoter, concluding a uto
ry, "I warned him. 'Forewarned H
forearmed.' you know, and so"--'"Oh."
sighed Mis Yurtier. "I .would
bo like to meet a man who was four
yaraedj'hjljidelphla Press. ... .