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THE ARGUS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, I?OG.
Air Navigation Assured
Jokers Have Had Fuf With the Air Ship nd Its Pro
moters, but They Are No Longer a Joke
The Problem H&a Been Solved, and
Out Railroad Will Soon
Has Been Done and
MEN are to fly. That la settled
A score of Inventors say so,
and they are i:i a position to
kuDW. Moreover, they Lave
(lone IL That Is tbe reassuring part of
the whole matter. The thing is al
ready accomplished. To shoot a prom
ise luto tbe air that fails to eartb we
know not when, and. what Is more,
we do not -sir Is one thing, bnt to
phoot a flying machine into the air and
keep it sailing round up there has all
the promises skinned for fair. There
are two kin Is of inventors those who
invent tbing3 and those who invent
stories aoout tbe things they are going
to invent. The larger num!er of Hying
machine Inventors have belonged to the
last named class. They have filled the
air with promises, but not with ships.
A few others have gone quietly ahead,
said nothing and turned the trick.
They had no prophecies to deliver.
They simply delivered the goods. They
have not talked. They will not talk,
but they fly. In an age when almost
every body deals in words it Is a re
lief to find somebody wbo deals In re
sults. If those men will keep on flying
they can remain dumb tbe rest of their
lives. We have plenty of folks to do
THE WRIGHT AEROPLANE AND
the talking, but few v.iu can stay up
In the air more tlu:i a second at a
time unless suspended by a roie from
the limb of a tree. Hail tj the silent
man wbo does things! He is the hope
cf the world.
A Bird of Another Feather.
Those who are up on the subject di
vide flying machines Into two classes
the one3 that are lighter than air and
the ones that are heavier than air. It
occurs to the lay mind thru another di
vision wold be more to ;h point tbe
machines that fly anl the mnchine-i
that do not fly. Tbe airship that turns
one or two flipflops and brr.pa into
the mud or that gets mixed up with a
flag pole or the side of a house teads to
bring derision ujon the whole sub
ject. But an airship that walks up into
the blue dome, wins its way against
the wind, goes where it Is sent and
does not come down until Its operator
Is ready for it to come down Is a bird
of another feather. It gives man tbe
hope that some time be can emulate
the buzzard. It win be a great day
for the world when men show that they
know as much as the goose or the sand
hill crane. That day will never come
till we can flap onr mechanical wings
and cbase the clouds. Then only can
we say that our brain3 are equal to
those of the black beetle.
Returning to the division made by
the aeronauts of lighter than air and
heavier than nir machines, it Is one of
the paradoxes of Invention that the
heavy variety is the one on which most
reliance Is placed. The lighter sort are,
of course, of the balloon persuasion.
The trouble with them Is that they are
the spcrt of tbe wind. They cannot
make beadvrayagalnst even a moder
ate breeze. Tbe gas bag is so large
that It becomes the plaything of the
air currents. Gas bags never could go
against opposition. This Is discourag
Ji.g. not to say embarrassing'. For one
lUl f- I m
Details Alone Remain to Be Worked
Be Back Numbers What
Who Has Done It
to start io ttfirago nun ue wanea uy t
playful zephyr to Yazoo, Miss., tends to
shake bis confidence. If the atmos
phere were only tractable and would
do as it Is told, there would be some
chance. Hut it has as many whims as
a woman and does unexpected and
surprising things. The wind bloweth
where It listcth and luggeth the balloon
along. That takes the lighter than air
ship out of the running.
Could Not Get Enough Feathers.
The heavier than air flying machine
men got their idea from tle bird. Tbe
feathered ieople weigh considerably
more than the atmosphere they dis
place, but that does not prevent them
from keeping aloft. Moreover, the very
fact of their weight enables them to fly
against the wind. Then what should
prevent man from maintaining himself
in the air with a craft of the same
specific gravity as that of the bird? At
least two natural advantages of the
bird at once present themselves. One is
the knowing bow, and the other is
feathers. As for the first, man might
learn, but knowledge would not help in
the second. He never could grow quills.
This is a more important defect than it
FOUR MEN WHO ARE TRYING
adeems. Strip a bird of feathers, and he
cannot fly any more than a hippopota
mus. Some of the early flying machiue
Inventors, therefore, tried to employ
feathers, lt somehow they never
could get enough.
Since studying the question the aero
nauts know a whole lot more about the
theory of flying than the wisest stork
or blue Jay of them all. Any member
of the Aero Club of America could
make an eagle hang his bead in shame
from very ignorance. It is ever so. Bach
elors and spinsters tell married people
how to raise children, and critics who
could not write a look if they tried
advise the oldest authors. If birds on
ly understood Human language they
would learn enough about flying to
make them dizzy.
The balloon airship has been mostly
exploited In France. Santos-Dumont
long followed that idea, but has recent
ly announced bis conversion to the
aeroplane, or heavier than air, school.
It Is in America, however, that the
greatest strides have been made in
aeroplanes. We are lound to lead the
world, even though we lead It into the
air. Sir Hiram Maxim long worked at 1
the problem and, though not entirely
successful, made discoveries that will
be utilized later. Alexander Graham
TOaM o...tti. f.imn,-.a lnrmiAi n-li-k
UVII 13 auvriuft lauivu u .
is now devoting all bis genius to aerial
navigation, although he objects to that
term, and says It should be called
aerial transportation. His work has
taken, the form of an immense tctrahe
dral kite. It Is made up of a large
number of tetrahedral cells, which .in
sure strength and a large surface ex
posure. Processor Bell is very enthu
siastic. In a recent speech at a ban
quet of- the airship department of the
automobile show of New York he said
that the problem Is already solved. It
Is now only a matter of working out
the details. Among other American
Inventors who have devoted their atr
tention to the subject of aerial trans
portation Is Professor Laugley of the
Smithsonian institution. While Lang
ley's ships all speedily collided with
tbe mud of the--Potomac bottoms, ho
made great advances, of which others
are taking advantage. Had congress
not cut off his appropriation too soon
Langley experiments would doubtless
have had a more successful termina
tion. John P. riolland, the Inventor of the
submarine boat, is also taking a shy
Into the aerial field. Mr. Holland is so
enthusiastic that he announces success
within a year. He says that every
body will be flying In that time. Ills
plan is to attach a pair of wings be
hind the head and another pair at the
waist line. These are to bo worked
by the arms and legs and with no more
exertion than that required In walk
ing. Holland spent quite some time
In observing the ways of the buzzard,
and he concluded that a man properly
rigged out ought to glide through the
empyrean with equal ease.
Swore Aboat Losing His Cigar.
This is only a beginning of tbe list of
Yankee geniuses who have sought to
fly to fame on the wings of an airship.
There is Roy Knabenshue, who floated
over New York, Toledo and other cities.
Then an inventor In Chicago says that
if be can get enough money to com
plete his machine he will carry n mes
sage from that city to President Roose
velt at Washington. He proposes to
make his flight In April. Another well
known. inventor at Passaic, . J., says
he has tbe problem solved, and Lewis
Nixon and other well known men agree
with him. Nor should Aeronaut Ham
ilton be forgotten. He Is the man
whose machine got tangled up with a
flag pole in Florida. After Mr. Ham
ilton came to the first thing he did was
to swear about losing his cigar. It
should also be remembered that Wal
ter Wellman Is to go to the north pole
hi an airship, but that is a story in it
self. Andre also went to the north pole
In a balloon. At least, he went some
where. He is still there. Another man
will soon make a balloon trip to the
Success of the Wright Brothers.
But of all the American iuventors
and for that matter of all tbe inventors
of the world the most startling results
have been achieved by the Wright
brothers of Dayton. O. This is one
more illustration of the fact that it Is
impossible to keep an Ohio man down.
Whether in polities or aerostatics, he is
bound to go up in the world or even
above it. Orville and Wilbur Wright
are tbe sous of a bishop in the Uuited
Brethren church. This is tbe place for
somebody to spring a pun about minis
ters' sons being high fliers. Though in
the neighborhood of forty yars of
age, neither of the Wright brothers is
married. They say that a wife would
object to their hazardous experiments,
or if she did not she would not Ik of
the sort worth having. This one re
mark proves them to be extraordinary
The Wright brothers' machine is very
simple. All great inventions are simple,
like all great men. It is an aeroplane,
and one of the remarkable things about
it is that it is quite heavy as compared
with tbe air, a fact that goes against
most aerostatic theories. Perhaps that
is the reason it is so successful.
A Machine That Flics.
But the most remarkable thing about
th Wright machine is that it flies. At
some very successful experiments
made at Kitty Hawk. N. C, two years
ago it stayed up thirty-eight minutes
and went twenty-five miles. Moreover,
it was under perfect control all the
time. It raised itself like a bird, went
against the wind or In any direction
desired by the operator and came down
without injury. Since then it is said
that innumerable other successful ex
periments have been made by the
brothers and many Improvements add
ed. Concerning just what has been
done nobody knows for certain. The
whole thing has been shrouded more or
less in mystery. The flights about Day
ton have been taken by night. Not the
least remarkable thing about these men
is that they desire neither publicity nor
money, a fact that would seem to
place the stamp of genuineness on their
work. Another thing that leads scien
tific men to believe tbe Wright brothers
have actually accomplished that which
the world has been dreaming of for a
thousand years is the fact that the
French government has taken 60 much
interest in their work. This has recent
ly culminated in France buying the
machine as soon as It comes up to cer
tain agreed specifications. At first the
Wrights would scarcely talk with the
man sent to negotiate the purchase,
but on being assured that the work to
which they had dev.oted their lives
would be carried forward they at last
agreed to sell. The price is not known,
but is believed to have been about
$300,000. The aerostatic experts of
France would not pay that amount for
an invention unless assured of its suc
cess. Tbe Wright aeroplane consists of a
double panel of canvas forty feet long
and six feet across, the two panels be
ing four feet apart. This canvas Is
curved, like the wings of a bird, and
the machine moves sidewise like a bird
In flight. There are two propellers,
one lifting up, the other driving for
ward. A twenty-four horsepower mo
tor furnishes the power. Enough gaso
line can be taken aboard to keep tho
car In the air nearly two hours. The
operator lies face down on the lower
panel and guides the aeroplane by
means of two rudders.
It is on the success of this machine
that renowned scientists base the star
tling claim that aerial navigation Is at
last an accomplished fact.
J. A. EDGERTON.
All the news all the time The Argus
Numerous Books Placed
Shelves for Public Cir
ACCOMPLISHED BY CHURCHES
Works Cover Study of Missions and
Missionaries of All Countries
More Volumes Desired.
The following report of the com
mittee on missionary books by Rev. D.
L. McNary is self explanatory:
"Some time ago a movement was
started to secure for our public library
a larger collection of books on Modern
Missions. Several young peoples so
cities gave their missionary books and
other young peoples' and missionary
societies gave cash donations. Be
sides this, quite a number of individ
uals made contributions. These dona
tions were all placed in charge of a
committee composed of oiie member
from each cooperating church. This
committee, with the assistance of the
librarian, selected and purchased the
books and turned them over to the
"The list of books follows below. It
will be found to cover a wide range of
subjects, and the works chosen arc
the best that could be secured.
"But this is intended only as a be
ginning. It is onr hope and purpose to
add to the collection continually, and
make it soon a very valuable collec
tion. The committee from the church
es is a permanent committee, which
will solicit further donations and after
purchasing the books turn them over
to the library to be added to this col
lection. We solicit contributions from
individuals and societies, and we spe
cially desire the cooperation of
churches that have not yet assisted in
the movement. The treasurer of the
committee is Mrs. M. M. Sturgeon,
1013 Nineteenth street. On behalf of
"P. L. M'NARY."
Foreign Missions of the Protestant
Churches S. L. Baldwin.
Two Thousand Years of Missions
Before Carey L. C. Barnes.
Geography and Atlas of Protestant
Missions H. P. Beach.
Blue Book of Missions for 1903.
Recollections of a Missionary in the
Great West C. T. Brady.
Centenary Conference on Protestant
Missions of the World.
Mohammed, Buddah, and Christ
Fresh caught Mississippi chan
nel catfiesh, smelts, finman h ad
dies, codfish, halibut, salmon,
red snappers, white fish, lake
trout, pike, ciscoes, fresh her
ring, salt mackerel, salt her
ring, fresh bulk and canned oys
ters, fresh bulk shrimp, boneless
If you care for something just a
little better than others, order a
box of regal codfish, genuine sea
Bulk shrimp, Friday,
per quart 25
Here's a chance to buy high
grade canned goods cheap. A
cleanup sale of canned goods,
not many. Friday, if they last:
Extra white Monarch aspar
agus, large cans, per can.-43c
white tips, per can
Empson's Colorado canned
sugar peas, per can 10
Wisconsin extra sifted
early June peas, per can.. XO
Telmo sifted early June peas,
a few cans left, per can. . . 10
Telmo corn, Country Gentlemen
seed, what there is left,
3 cans for 2oC
King Oscar and Keilcr Sprotten
imported oil sardines, finest in
the market, per can 13c,
2 cans for
Look out for higher prices of
hog products. The prices on
hogs are advancing every day on
the Chicago market. Lay in a
supply of lard this week.
best lard 98c
best lard 4.79
Hams, shoulders, sausages and
all hog products are cheap at
Harris & Hess
Eighteenth Street & Third Ave.
Old Phones 456 and 380. New
phones 5440 and 5325.
Encyclopedia of Missions H. O.
Ecumenical Missionary Conference,
Eminent Missionary Women Mrs.
J. T. Gracey.
Gist, a Hand-Book of Missionary In
formation Mrs. J. T. Gracey.
Missionary Expansion Since the Re
formation J. A. Graham.
Harvest of the Sea: a Tale of Both
Sides of the Atlantic W. T. Grenfell.
Growth of the Kingdom of God S.
Via Christi: an Introduction to the
Study of Missions L. M. Hodgkins.
Handbook of Comparative Religion
S. II. Kellogg.
My Mamie Rose Owen Kildare.
Picket Line of Missions W. F. Mc
Our People of Foreign Speech Sam
Little Green God Mrs. C. A. Mason.
Bishop's Conversion E. B. Maxwell.
Deaconesses, Biblical, Early Church,
European, American L. R. Meyer.
Missionary Review, 1891, 1S95, 1900,
Evp.ngelization of the World In This
Generation J. R. Mott.
Strategic Point9 in the World's Con
quest J. R. Mott.
Opportunities in the Path of the
Great Physician V. F. Penrose.
Cry Heard E. P. Price.
Missions und Modern History R. E.
Presbyterian Foreign Missions R.
New Era: the Coming Kingdom
Our Country Josiah Strong.
Student Missionary Appeal.
History of American Missions Jo
Old Time Student Volunteers H. C.
History of Protestant Missions
Holding the Ropes B. M. Brain.
William Butler, Founder of Two Mis
sions of the M. E. Church William
Leavening the Nation J. B. Clark.
Presbyterian Home Missions S. II.
Under Our Flag A. M. Guernsey.
Down in Water Street S. II. Hadley.
An Apostle in the Wilderness, James
Lloyd Breck T. I. Holcombe,
Minute Man on the Frontier W. G.
Heroes of the Cross in America
D. O. Shelton.
By Canoe and Dog Train E. R.
John Kenneth Mackenzie, Medical
Missionary to China Mrs. M. F. Bry
son. Dr. Grenfell's Tarish, Deep Sea Fish
ermen Norman Duncan.
Medical Missions John Lowe.
Pilkington of Uganda George Bat-
Protestant Missions in South Africa
H. P. Beach.
Lone -Woman in Africa Agnes Mc
Allester. Fetichism in West Africa R. H.
Redemption of Africa F. P. Noble.
Christus Liberator, an Outline Study
of Africa E. C. Parsons.
Alaska, and Missions of the North
Pacific Coast Sheldon Jackson.
Arabia: the Cradle of Islam S. H.
Topsy-Turvy Land S. M. Zwemer.
The Bible in Brazil H. C. Tucker.
Among the Burmans II. P. Coch
Things Chinese J. D. Ball.
Dawn on the Hills of T'angc II. P.
Chinaman As We See Him I. M.
Chinese Slave Girl J. A. Davis.
Chinese Quaker Mrs. N. B. Eystcr.
A Yankee on the Yangtze W. E.
Chinese Heroes I. T. Headland.
Way of Faith Illustrated" Hu Yong
Ixre of Cathay W. A. P. Martin.
Chinese Characteristics A. H.
Rex Christus: an Outline Study of
Christ A. H. Smith.
American Missions in Egypt An
Soo Thah, a Tale of the Making of
the Karin Nation Alonzo Bunker.
Cobra's Den, and Other Stories
Mosaics from India M. W. B. Den
ning. Our Indian Mission Andrew Gor
don. India's Problem, Krishna or Christ
J. P. Jones.
Nemorama, the Nautchnee Edwin
Lux Christi: an Outline Study of In
dia Mrs. C. A. Mason.
Life and Work in India Robert
India and Malaysia J. M. Thoburn.
Light in the East J. M. Thobum.
My Missionary Experience J. M.
NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN.
Redemption of the Indian B. M.
Dux Christus, an Outline Study of
Japan W. E. Griffis.
Verbeck of Japan W. E. Grlflls.
Evolution of Japan S. L. Gulick.
Korean Sketches J. S. Gale.
The Vanguard, a Tale of Korea J.
Edges That Last
Probably you have bought edged tools made of steel that
was crumbly, or too soft to hold an edge, or so hard as to
be brittle. You may have bought them for good tools, too.
There is, however, a sure way to get tools with edges that
last. It is simply to ask for the Keen Kutter Brand when
buying. Keen Kutter Tools have been standard of America
for 36 years, and are in every case the best that brains,
money and skill can produce. They are made of the finest
grades of steel and by the most expert tool makers. As
a complete line of tools is sold under this brand.
The draw knife shown here is an example of the excellence
of Keen Kutter Tools. It has a nicety of balance and
" hang," which has never been successfully imitated, and it
is made of the best steel ever put into a draw knife.
Yet the Keen Kutter Draw Knife is no better than all
other Keen Kutter Tools.
The Keen Kutter Line was awarded the Grand Prire at
the St. Louis Fair, being the only complete line of tools
ever to receive a reward at a great exposition.
Following are noma of th various kind of Keen Kutter Tooli:
Axes. AdEMi. Hammer Hatcheta. Chiaela, etrrrw
Drive, Auwr Kit. Files. I'lanea, I'raw Knlvea. Mawa,
" The "RecolltctioH of Quality Remains
long After the Trice it Tortollen."
Trad Mark IUciUr4.
HARDWARE CO.. St. Louis, V. S. A., 293 Broadway, New York.
H T" x ft '
Every Day Life in Korea D. L. Gif
ford. Corea Without and Within W. E.
Fifteen Years Among the Top-Knots
Mrs. L. Underwood.
East of the Barrier J. M. Graham.
Mexico in Transition William But
ler. Sketches of Mexico J. W. Butler.
Our Mexicans R. M. Craig.
Mexican Ranch Mrs. J. P. Duggan.
James Gilmour of Mongolia James
Moravian Missions A. C. Thomp
The Mormon Menace J. D. Leo.
The Mormons S. E. Wlshan.
Story of John G. Pa ton. or Tliirtj
Years Among the South Sea Ca:::ilba'.i
Persian Life and Customs S. G.
New Era ia the Philippines A. J.
Cross of Christ in Bolo-Land J. M.
An Observer In the Philippines J.
The Philippines and the Far East
II. St tint z.
The Laos of North Siam Mrs. L. J.
Siam and Laos as Seen by Our
Latin America II. W. Brown.
Bible Work in Bible Lands Isaac
Nebraska Queen. Flour
MAKES THE BEST DREAD.
J. M. SCHAAB. Tel. w. 155. 3
Have you tried it? It is the best tiling on
the market for the pipe. A rare blending
of the finest American and foreign to
baccos, In tins, 25c and 50c.
Krcade Cigar Store
Harper House Block.
HOCK ISLAND SAVINGS BANK
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
Incorporated Under the State Law. 4 Per Cent Interest Paid
Money Loaned on Personal Collateral or Real Estate Security.
Phil Mitchell, Piesident.
H. P. Hull, Vice President.
P. Greenawalt, Cashier.
Began the business July 2, 1870,
and occupies S. E. corner of Mitch
ell & Lynde's building.
Tool Uaotneta. Ncytnea. liar Ktnven. urana m.
Brush Hooka, Corn Kntvea, E Hoea, Trowela. Prun
ing Shear. Tinners Unlpa. Hrlaeora. Pheara, Hair
Clippers, Horse Sneara, Razors, etc., and Knives of aU
If yonr dealer does not keep Keen Kntter Tools,
write us and we will see that you are supplied.
Every Keen Kutter Tool Is sold under tills Mark and Motto:
With tho Tibetans in Tent and Tem
ple Mrs. S. C. Rijnhart.
Missions in Eden Mrs. C. II.
MAGAZINES UECRIVKI) MONTHLY.
Homo Mission Monthly.
Woman's Home Missions.
Women's Missionary Magazine.
. All the healing balsamic virtues of
the Norway pine ar concentrated in
Dr. Wood's Norway Pine Syrup. Na
ture's own remedy for coughs and
John P. Sexton, Prop.
R. R. Cable, P. Greenawalt
William H. Dart, Phil Mitchell,
H. P. Hull, L. Simon,
E. W. Hurst, II. S. Cable.
Solicitors Jackson & Hurst.