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iTHE -ARGUS, FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 1900.
AT FORTY FOUR
Marvelous Rise of Charles M. Schwab Doer of Deeds That His Friends Do
Not Defend, Yet He Is So Wtaaiag, Generous and Sansbiiiy That They
Cannot Escape His Charm Wonderf of Power of the Former
Steel Trost President la Handlroj Men Always Good
ni a f i Cuiuliiii
nsiorcu aim m uuti jiuu a
BIO. smlllnp, red cheeked boy.
cheery with everybody and
therefore popular, with plenty
of enthusiasm, nerve and au
dacity. That Is the first Impression of
Charles M. Schwab, former head of the
steel trust, liberal spender and owner
of the inost expensive residence In
New York city.
This man's story rends like that of
Aladdin, he with the fret-rich-quick
lamp. Schwab started like all other
, great men In that he was first a baby.
J Later he was a "Charley" boy, as be
Is yet. lie will never entirely get over
that even If he lives to be eighty. lie
certainly has not recovered from It at
Schwab has money to burn and
burns It. He has good nature to lavish
everywhere and lavishes It. He likes
folks, simply can't help it, and they
can't help liking him. They may not
approve a single thing he does or
stands for, but his personality is so
open, so winning, so generous, so sun
shiny, that they cannot escape Its
charm. It caught Captain Jones, the
steel mill genius; it caught Andrew
Carnegie. It caught the workmen and
the department bosses. It caught finan
cial kings In Wall street and hereditary
kings In Europe. It caught and catches
every one. Practically everybody dis
approved his plunging at Monte Carlo,
practically everybody criticised his
open handed throwing away of money,
practically everyliody thought his $7.
000.000 house on Iiiverside drive a
monumental piece of folly, practically
everybody had hard words to say of
the steel trust he helped to organize
and headed, but at the same time prac
tically everybody, at least everybody
who had met him, had a warm spot In
his heart for the man.
Drove a Stage to Help Pay His Way.
Charley Schwab's father was a livery
stable keeper at the little mountain
town of Loretto. Pa., and is yet. The
boy looked much like his mother, and
his loyalty to her and constant praise
I'll jfcB lavULi. iV.ll ..
ME. SCHWAB'S HEW YORK FALACE.
of her have constituted one of the
bright places In both their lives. He
was educated in a Catholic academy at
Loretto and drove a stage to help pay
his way. The smiling, freckled faced
boy caught the fancy of a traveling
grocer and as a result he got a place at
eighteen as a grocer's clerk in Brad
dock. Pa. Captain Jones, the manager
of the big steel plant.' often bought
things at the store, aud the young man
made a hit with him. So Charley land
ed a job at driving stakes for an engi
neering corps In the mills. Ills salary
at the store had been $3.30 per week.
In the mills it started at $30 per
month. He did not remain long driv
ing stakes. He bad studied engineer
ing at Loretto and soon was set at
drafting. Captain Jones wished some
new plans drawn. Not knowing what
engineer to select, he required that all
the corps work two hours a day over
time without extra pay. Shortly after
this be met the bead engineer and
asked bow the men took the order. .
"They are all 'grumbling except one,"
was the reply.
"Who Is that one?"
"Then Schwab's my man," said Cap
As a result the boy. for he was little
more, was rapidly advanced, was sent
for a time to an engineering school In
Pittsburg and soon became head engi
neer and Captain Jones' right hand
Andrew Carnegie wished personal
reports from his mills at Braddock.
Captain Jones objected that he had
not time to run up to Pittsburg, but
said he had a bright young assistant
who knew as much about the work as
he did and besides was a good per
former on the organ, of which the steel
king was very fond. Carnegie asked
that the young man be Bent along.
Schwab, with the assurance which has
been one of his chief assets in life,
went to the Ironmaster's Pittsburg res
idence and surprised and captivated
Mr. Carnegie by his thorough knowl
edge of the business and his sunny dis
position. Before he left, the steel mag
nate asked the young man to play on
the organ. Charley was somewhat dif
fident about this, as It took him by sur
prise, but he had played often for the
monks at Loretto and therefore com
plied. He gave old melodies. Scotch
songs and other airs that he knew the
old man loved and still further cap
tured his heart From that day for
ward Andrew Carnegie was the sworn
friend of Charley Schwab.
This was the beginning of the young
man's fortune. Ills' first point was
gained, popularity. The second was
made when he showed an aptitude for
the steel business, amounting almost to
genius. The third was reached by
hard work. He never watched the
clock. The fourth was attained by his
wonderful power of handling men.
Soon he made many improvements
about the mills, built new blast fur
naces and succeeded so well at all he
was set to do that he was made super
intendent of the works. Then he was
sent to Homestead, where he made like
Improvements. At the death of Cap
tain Jones he was called back to Brad
dock as manager. After the disas
trous strike at Homestead his jurisdic
tion was extended, and both plants
were placed under bis management.
It was a difficult task to organize order
out of the chaos at Homestead, but he
succeeded. It Is worthy of note that
Charley Schwab has never had a strike
of the men under him.
Partner of Carnegie.
It was at about this time that a for
eign steel mill offered him a position at
a largely increased salary. He not on
ly declined it. but said nothing about
the offer. Carnegie came to hear of It,
however, and it so Impressed him that
he made Schwab n partner in the busi
ness and soon after had him elected
president of the Carnegie company.
Jnst what part Mr. Schwab took in
organizing the steel trust will never
be known, but it is certain that he was
an Important factor. It has even been
stated that he originated the scheme.
However that may be, Mr. Carnegie in
sisted that his young assistant be made
the first president of the gigantic con
cern, which then had the largest capi
tal stock of any company on earth.
The very qualities that had made
Schwab proved In the end his undoinc.
Lie had always been a hard worker,
never sparing himself, and in his new
position his unflagging industry soon
led to a nervous breakdown. A Euro
pean trip followed, and here his good
fellowship and open handed generosity
caused his plunging at Monte Carlo
and hit lavish spending of money that
subjected him Jtq worldwide criticism-
Aiie sensatioiiiil features "of the Moffte
Carlo story have been denied by Mr.
Schwab and his friends, but the un
fortunate impression created by its
wide publication yet remains. As for
his health, it never -has entirely re
covered. It led him finally to resign
the presidency of the steel trust and
doubtless had much to do with his re
As to the reason of his success, a
steel man says: "Schwab's great pow
er lies In his ability to handle men. He
is the ablest director of labor that the
world ever knew. The vast army of
steel workers trust him implicitly. But
for him there would be strike after
One of the Loretto fathers who
taught young Schwab, however, has a
slightly different view. He says that
the boy's "nerve" was the finest thing
he has ever seen.
"If I were asked the elements of his
success in life," adds this preceptor,
"I would say that they were industry,
bluff and popularity."
When asked as to his own idea of
what had rtushed him to the front, Mr.
"I always rely on myself. I am n
great believer In self reliance manli
ness which Is manhood In its noblest
In keeping with this Idea, he said at
another time that the two best assets
a young man could have were to le
born poor and to know how to work.
Always Good Natured.
But whether he or his friends recog
nize It or not, one of the secrets of
Charley Schwab's rise lies In his un
failing good nature. That he recognizes
the value of this quality In others If
not In himself Is shown by an inci
dent. When he was elected president of the
Carnegie company the young steel man
noticed that there was an air of great
soberness, not to say gloom, about the
meetings of the board of directors. He
rallied bis associates upon their sol-
CHAKLES M. SCHWAB.
emnity and said, among other things
"It Is my belief that more business
and better business can be transacted
with a smile than with a frown."
He therefore had hung In the board
room a picture entitled, "The Laughing
Monk," that no one could look on with
a straight face. There were no more
Mr. Schwab's charitable inclinations
have led mostly In the direction of per
sonal gifts to his workmen, lavish tips,
donations for the purpose of building
Catholic churches at Loretto and else
where and contributions to industrial
schools. He Is known to have given
one old employee at Braddock $1,000
and smaller amounts to many others.
As to the way he slings dollars, the
following story Is told:
One day a j-oimg man approached
the steel trust president for a sub
scription to a charitable purpose.
Schwab heard his story, turned to an
acquaintance and began talking about
something else, in the meantime feel
ing in his pockets for loose change.
The young man's heart sank, for be
had expected a liberal subscription.
Finally the steel man fished up a bill
and handed it over, while he went on
with his talk. . still .delving. In.to his
A CAKE OF COMMON
50AP LOOKS LIKE
A CAKE F MAPLE CITY
How large, is a cake of "your kind" of soap after you've
done a wash ? Is there a good large half-cake left, or only
a thin worn out "chip V Poor soap don't pay it ivon 7
dean the clothes and it wears out so soon that it takes tivo cakes to do what one
ought to. And besides the poor soap costs just as many "coctf as the best.
is the soap that Ivears. One cake lasts as long as ttvo of ordinary soap. Do you
see the point there? a nickel goes as far as a dime. And besides Maple City Soap
wAiuw wuui pcrjecny, ana uoes it quicKer wan any otner soap.
nujas mem snowy wnite, sweet, clean, and wholesome, it's
r f r -
just as gooo too ior an nousenoid purposes as tor the laur
V J . r . .
ory. ucans paint, noors, windows, glass or china.
It makes everything, sweet, wholesome and healthy.
Of all grocers, 5 cents. . -
MAPLE CITY SOAP WORKS, Monmouth, Illinois.
pocEets." Two of three times a bm vras
dug up, after which the charity solicit
or thanked him and departed. " When
he got outside the man counted the
money and almost dropped dead at
finding it amounted to $ 1,500.
Schwab's chief hobby, however, la
industrial schools. lie is almost as
enthusiastic on this subject as Carne
gie is on libraries. At Braddock and
Homestead very fine training schools
bave been erected us a result of dona
tions made by the former steel presi
dent. He has made other like benefac
tions In other places. At Richmond
Beach, New York, he has Jent hun
dreds of thousands in an effort to
found an institution wherein cripples
may be taught some manual employ
ment that will keep them from want.
In speaking of the gifts made by
himself aid Mrs. Schwab he mentions
his fad for industrial training and
adds a touch that Is not without pathos
when he says:
"Now, it's along these lines that we
are going to spend our money, for
manual training schools that Is, when
we get some to spend. What little we
bave done in the philanthropic line has
been so bitterly attacked that we are
not going to do anything more- Just
now. I may be a little sensitive, but
public criticism hurts; it really hurts."
Mr. Schwab's self possession was
shown before the Clover club of Phila
delphia. This is an aggregation that
hazes most of its speakers, interrupt-
SCHWAB SCHOOL, HOMESTEAD, PA.
ing them with catcalls and embarrass
ing remarks till they finally sit down
thoroughly rattled. The steel man,
however, carried the thing off with
suob. good nature that he won a vic
tory. When the din became too great
he turned to the president and began
telling a story. This surprised the
members so much that they subsided,
and he went on with his speech.
A Practical Joke.
As a sample of his practical joking
the following story is told by his
During a game of billiards at his
home one night, when the score was
close, he suddenly turned to his oppo
nent and said:
"I'll bet my trousers against yours
that I beat you."
"Very well; it's a go," was the reply.
. .Mr. Schwab won. . He demanded his
winnings, and when the other hesitated.
the other members of the party began
to deride him. He then disrobed.
Shortly after the loser said:
"Well, Charley, surely you will lend
me a pair?"
"Indeed I will not," said Mr. Schwab.
"What! You don't expect me to go
home in this attire?"
"Why, of course; that Is where you
He took to the alleyways for his
home six blocks away and was chased
by two policemen who had been sent
after him by his fellow merrymakers.
Whatever one may think of steel
trusts and $7,000,000 houses, to say
nothing of money sowing, fast automo
biles, which are another of the Schwab
fads, Monte Carlo plunging and reck
less display generally, he cannot help
responding to human nature, and of
this Charley Schwab has a liberal sup
ply. J. A. EDGERTON.
If food at last they purify,
I fear that It will change
The flavor, until by and by
'Twill all seam harsh and Strang.
I look for alum when I eat
My dally slice of bread;
Boracic acid, too, I meet
Without a sign of dread.
"Let chemists go their way until
The waiter shall with care
Hand out prescriptions, writ with skill.
Instead of bills of fare.
"Pure food!" To some the phrase r
A hope of glorious fame.
Yet whon it comes I know my meals
Will never taste the same.
Washington Evening Star.
Christmas In England.
When Cromwell ruled England he Is
sued an edict against all festivities at
Christmas. The festival was altogeth
er abolished, and the displaying of hol
ly and mistletoe and other emblems of
the happy time was held to be sedi
tious. In 1044 the long parliament
commanded that Christmas day should
be observed as a strict fast, when all
people should think over and deplore
the great sin of which they and their
forefathers bad been guilty in making
merry at that season. This act so pro
voked the people that on the following
natal day the law was violently re
sisted In many places. Though these
scenes were disgraceful, they served
their purpose and put an end to an un
just order. When Charles II. regained
the throne the populace once more
made Chrlstmastide a time of rejoicing.
The Great Bed of IVtore.
In Shakespeare's 'Twelfth Night"
Sir Toby Belch urges Sir Andrew Ague-
cheek to pen a challenge and to put in
it "as many lies as will lie inithe sheet
of paper, although the sheet! were big
enough for the bed of Ware." This
enormous bed, which was a wonder in
Shakespeare's time and still exists in
Wars, is -g"" ? Pt tnrhgathitrh and
This is the package that
brings to your table the
best and freshest of all
Biscuit and Crackers.
This is the trade mark of identification
which appears in red and white on
each end of the package.
This is the name of the Company that
stands behind both the trade mark and
the package a name synonymous with
all that's best in baking.
OYSTERETTES A different kind of an oyster .'cracker, with an appetising flavor lervc with
oysters, soup and salad.
SOCIAL TEA BISCUIT -A light, crisp little biscuit, baked to an appetking brown and slightly
flavored with vanilla.
ten feet nine" liiebes "square, "so"" that
twelve people can lie comfortably in It.
Beautifully carved, it is a splendid
specimen of antique furniture, dating
from the days of Queen Elizabeth.
This wonderful bed is naturally an ob
ject of curiosity and interest to many
visitors. In the same room there hung
a pair of horns, upon which all stran
gers formerly were sworn.
KoTfl Electric Liftlit Experiments.
The Danish Biological society is at
present experimenting with electric
lighting of the deep strait known as
the Little Belt, says the New York
Tribune. The lights are far beneath
the surface of the waters, so as to
light the sea bottom. The intention i
not, as might be supposed, to make im
possible the clandestine passage of sul
marlues, but purely and simply to
frighten the eels and to prevent them
from passing into the outer seas and
thus being lost to the Danish fisheries.
The experiments are based upon the
fact that these flsh are well known to
be afraid of light and never, for exam
ple, migrate during the time of a full
moon. By the expedient of arranging
a whole row of artificial full moons
across the mouth of the strait the wily
Dane hopes to prevent them from mi
grating nt all.
lie Warn Tender.
"Young Mr. Softy paralyzed Dr. Sim
ton when he went to in? vaccinated,"
observed Caswell to Dukane.
"How was that?"
"He asked the doctor to put him un
der the influence of anaesthetics."
A FarNlKhted Girl.
"I will work night and day to make
you happy," he said.
"No," she answered thoughtfully,
"don't do that. Just work during the
day and stay at home at night,."
ii? urosf ure
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The eczema was something terrible,
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all to no avail.
"A friend teased me to try Cuticura.
At last I consented, when my boy
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and suffering untold misery. I began to
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the Cuticura Soap helped as well as
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sary to tell." Mrs. R. L. Risley,
Oct. 24, 1905. Piermont, N. H.
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