Newspaper Page Text
VOL. LV. NO. 158.
THE ARGUS, THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 190G.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
FRANCISCO'S PLIGHT HOURLY GROW
' v, i
( FIRE-AND FLEE FOR THEIR LBES
Flames Ruin Every Important Business House
In City and Spread in All Directions
Through the Outlying Districts.
STARVATION ADDING TO THE HORRORS
300,000 Homeless in the City and Urgent Call for Relief
Sent Out Interior Towns Practically Destroyed
Thousands May be Dead.
DETAILS OF THE SAN FRANCISCO HORROR.
The dead at San Francisco estimated 1,000
The injured 2,000
The homeless 300,000
Property loss estimated $500,000,000
Area burned Twelve square miles or 500 blocks
SAN FRANCISCO, APRIL 19. AT 10 O'CLOCK (COAST TIME), THERE SEEMED TO BE PRACTICALLY
NO HOPE OF SAVING ANY OF THE CITY. THOSE WHO WERE MOST SANGUINE OF THE ULTIMATE
SUCCESS OF THE FIREMEN IN CONTROLLING THE FLAMES HAVE NOW GIVEN UP HOPE AND ARE
FLEEING FROM THE FLAMES IN DESPAIR. MANY PEOPLE ARE BEING BURNED ALIVE, IMPRISONED IN
DOOMED BUILDINGS WHERE RESCUERS COULD' NOT REACH THEM.
FLAMES ALWAYS LEAP GAP.
GRACE CHURCH, AT THE CORNER OF CALIFORNIA AND STOCKTON STREETS, IS NOW BURNING.
THE ENTIRE DISTRICT FROM CHANNEL TO BROADWAY AND FROM THE WATER FRONT TO OCTAVIA
AND GOLDEN GATE AVENUE IS A MASS OF FLAMES.
WORKERS HAVE DESTROYED BLOCK AFTER BLOCK OF RESIDENCES WITH DYNAMITE IN THE
HOPE OF PENNING IN ALL CASES AFTER SUCH EFFORT, THE BLAZE WOULD LEAP ACROSS THE
SEEMING IMPASSABLE GULF.
CHICAGO, APRIL 19. THE LATEST REPORT FROM OUR MANA
GER AT OAKLAND AND TIMED AT 10:30 A. M., IS THAT THE FIRE IS
STILL RAGING IN SAN FRANCISCO AND ENTIRE CITY IS DOOMED.
THEY HAVE NO WATER EXCEPT ALONG THE BAY SHORE. THEY
ARE DYNAMITING BUILDINGS NOW IN AN EFFORT TO CHECK THE
THE POWDER SUPPLY IS NEARLY EXHAUSTED, EVEN TO THE
POWDER IN THE GOVERNMENT ARSENALS, WHICH HAVE BEEN
EMPTIED. THE FIRE CANNOT BE CHECKED UNTIL IT BURNS OUT.
EVERY BUILDING IN THE BUSINESS SECTION AND NEARLY HALF
OF THE RESIDENCE SECTION IS DESTROYED NOW. NOT A LARGE
BUILDING IS LEFT.
I'OSTAI, TELEGRAPH-CAULK COMPAXV.
HRI'ORT 2H.0M) HOMELESS.
WASHINGTON, APRIL 19. THE WAR DEPARTMENT TODAY RE
CEIVED THE FOLLOWING TELEGRAM FROM GENERAL FUNSTON,
AT SAN FRANCISCO:
"IMPOSSIBLE NOW TO INFORM YOU AS TO FULL EXTENT OF
THE DISASTER. . THE CITY IS PRACTICALLY DESTROYED. TROOPS
HAVE BEEN AIDING THE POLICE IN PATROLING. MARTIAL LAW
HAS NOT BEEN DECLARED. AM WORKING IN CONJUNCTION WITH
CIVIL AUTHORITIES. HAVE NOT INTERFERED WITH SENDING ANY
DISPATCHES. YOU CANNOT SEND TOO MANY TENTS OR RATIONS.
ABOUT 200,000 PEOPLE HOMELESS. FOOD VERY SCARCE. PROVIS
ION HOUSES ALL DESTROYED. ALL GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS ARE
DAY DAWNS OX SCEXK OK UESTRICTIOX.
San Francisco, April 19. The day dawned on a scene of death and de
struction. During the night the flames consumed many of the city's finest
structures and skipped in a dozen different directions to the residence por
tions. They had made their way over into the North Beach section and
springing anew to the south, they reached down the bay shore, over the hills
and across toward Third and Townsend streets.
COMPLETES miX OF DISTRICT. ,
: Warehouses and manufacturing concerns are all in their path. This
completed the destruction of the entire district known as "South of Market
Street." .How far they are reaching to the south across the channel, cannot
be told, as this part of the city is shut oft.
XOT A Ill'SIXESS not sn stands.
San Francisco, April 19. Downtown everything is in ruins. Not a bus
iness house, theater, factory or commission house stands. All the newspa
per plants are rendered useless. .Lieutenant Charles C. Pulis, commanding
the 24th company of light cavalry, was blown up by a charge of dynamite,
and fatally injured.
PROCLAIMS A HOMO A V.
San Francisco, April 19. Governor Pardee has issued a proclamation
designating today as a public holiday in order that the citizens of the state
may render aid to the distressed resulting from yesterday's calamity.
FORCE CITIZEN'S TO WORK.
San Francisco, April 19. Officers with drawn revolvers are forcing citi
zens to work. People are leaving their homes and fleeing to Golden Gate
park and the Presidio. All night long a constant stream of humanity walked
the streets to the wesL One hundred thousand people slept out of doors last
night and by tonight the number of homeless will reach 300,000. It is im
possible to estimate accurately the number of people killed or property loss.
PEOPLE SEEM IX A DAZE. .
A noticeable feature of the past two days is the, calmness of the people.
Perhaps they are dazed, but in any event they show little emotion. Mayor
Schmitz is overwhelmed with telegrams from over the country prof erring
FACTS ABOUT SAN FRANCISCO.
Population 1ST.O .72l
Populntlon 150 312.72
Population Ji.". CMtiinn-
Vnliie of huilillnKN in city
f elnineil SI2S,ir.J,40S
Kxtiiitntrri Ionm liy fire hit ;1
rnrtlMiunkr S 1 00,000,000
Total vnliie of tnxnblr
Wnjee earner who will
xnfl'er on account of
Innt tint ionn in city 4,156
EMtimnteil number de
nt royed Iy enrthqunke
nnd lire 3,787
Aren of city, nqunre mile 47
Area of fire district,
Mqnare ml lew 8
EPITOME OF DOINGS IN
Washington, D. C, April 19. Follow
Ing is a brief resume taken from the
official records of yesterday's proceed
ings in both houses of congress:
SEX ATE In his opmlng prayer in
the senate Chaplain Edward Everett
Hale made reference to the San Fran
cisco disaster. Only routine .business
was transacted, adjournment until to
day boing taken at 12:50 p. m. to per
mit the democrats to proceed with their
conference on the railroad rate bill.
IIOTSE The San Francisco disaster
huiiff like a pall over the house., legis
lation being carried on in a perfunc
tory wav. A resolution was adopted
directing the war and navy- depart
ments to place at the disposition of the
mayor of San Francisco such supplies
as may be necessary. A resolution of
sympathy was also passed. A bill ex
tending the national Irrigation law to
Texas , was passed, and the conference
report on the pension appropriation bill
agreed to. An appropriation of $4,000
to bring: home the bodies of the men
killed on the battleship Kearsarge was
voted. The speaker laid before the
house and had read the message of the
president relating to the decision of
Judjce Humphrey In the beef cases.
Speaker Cannon said he had Instructed
the journal clerk to omit the names of
John N. Williamson of Oregon and
Malcolm R. -Patterson of Tennessee
from the future rolls of the house, as
they have not attended sessions and
have not been sworn In. He said this
statement was due by reason of his
ruling that 191 members constitute a
quorum. As a mark of sympathy for
the stricken cities of California the
house at 4:45 p. m. adjourned until to
day. I . i
ROCK ISLAND TO CONTRIBUTE AID
TO SORELY AFFLICTED PEOPLE
President Medill, of Rock Island Club, and Vice President
Young, of Merchants' Association, Act in Accordance With
Argus Suggestion and Mayor McCaskrin Issues
Proclamation Ban ks Repositories.
Locally speaking, the suggestion appearing in yesterday's Argus that
Rock Island should not be backward in whatever relief movement might be
undertaken, for the afflicted people of San Francisco and vicinity, continued
to meet with expressions of approbation today. Early in the day the fol
lowing banks signed an agreement to act as custodians for any funds that
might be received in the following appeal to the public:
Rock Island, III., April 19. To the People of Rock Island: The under
signed banks in the city of Rock Island hereby agree to act as depositories
for any funds that may be contributed for the relief of the stricken people of
San Francisco. ? state iiaxk of hock island.
HOCK ISLAM NATIONAL IIAXK.
PEOPLES NATIONAL HANK.
Acting further in accordance with the prevailing sentiment. President
Medill of the Rock Island Club, and Vice President Young of the Rock Island
Retail Merchants' association, the lattter acting in the absence of President
Myers, called upon Mayor McCaskrin and presented the advisability of issu
ing a proclamation.
PHOCLAMATIOX IS 1SSIKD.
The mayor accordingly issued the following proclamation:
To the People of Rock Island:
A great calamity has befallen one of the great cities of this con
tinent in the visitation of an earthquake, which with the attendant mis
' fortune of fire has left destruction and destitution in its trail. Undoubt
edly there will be occasion for relief and succor in which the whole
country will be asked to join. Rock Island, ever alert to do its part on
occasions of this kind, should not be backward, nor will it fail in an
hour when there is an appeal for aid. I therefore ask that you be pre
pared to give bounteously should a call be made for funds or other relief
for a deeply stricken people.
The news from San Francisco is becoming more distressing with
each hour. It is humanity's cause, and humanity should be ready to re
spond when appealed, to.
The following banks have agreed to receive funds for the relief of
the people of San Franciscq: State Bank of Rock Island, Rock Island
National bank, Peoples National Bank.
(Signed). GEORGE W. M'CASKRIN, Mayor.
Rock Island, III., April 19, 1906.
IlIltK NECESSITY SET FORTH.
As indicating the dire necessity for aid for the stricken people of
San Francisco, Mayor McCaskrin this morning received the following:
Chicago, III., April 19, 1906. To the Mayor, Rock Island, III.: San
Francisco is in dire need of assistance. Citizens have asked me as a na
tive of California to afd in the work of relief. I have started funds in
this city and all cities where I have correspondents. Clarence Mackey
gives me $5,000, George J. Gould $5,000; Charles M. Schwab, $5,000;
Mrs. Huntington, $5,000; Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst, $5,000; W. R. Hearst,
$5,000, and many other subscriptions of $1,000. Am sending tonight from
Los Angeles a relief rtrain and relief steamer, nurses, doctors, and sup
plies. I pray that your citizens may realize the terrible distress of San
Francisco's citizens and that they will help us at once to the extent of
their ability. WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST.
LOCAL SI ll( HIITIONS.
As soon as the appeal appeared in the extra edition of The Argus
today, subscriptions began to be made, those up to 3 o'clock this after
State Hank of Hock Isjnnil ?.".(
Hock I Miami Xntionnl ."(
Central TriiHi nnd Saving" bank. ."
ChnrleM Mel I ugh 2.1
Hugh E. Curt In ... . 5
I'eoplcN Xntionnl JL'O
Hock Inland SntlngM hnnk r.O
Hock Inland Argun r.O
Connolly A. Connelly Ti
sympathy. The following appeal for aid has been sent by Schmittz to Gov
"Send all supplies and tents possible to Golden Gate park. Have baker
ies in small towns bake all the bread they can. We want bedding, food,
SI 'PPLY OP EXPLOSIVES (;IVIN; OI'T.
Oakland, April 19. (9 a. m.) Fire is still raging throughout San Fran
cisco, and there is no possibility of stopping it until it exhausts itself for want
of material. The city is doomed. The authorities are still dynamiting build
ings in the vain hope of checking the progress of the flames, but a new mis
fortune has befallen the place. Explosives for blowing up the buildings are
becoming exhausted, and even the powder in the government arsenal is all
gone. Every business building and half the residence portion of the city
is destroyed. ;
III II.I)i;S 'I'lllt E A T E X E II OH IIESTHOVEII.
The San Francisco hotel and Merchants' Exchange are gone. Fairmont
hotel is threatened. A portion of the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art is de
stroyed. The Chronicle building is a skeleton. The James Flood building is
AVOIIST HEPOKTS FROM IXTEHIOH.
San Francisco, April 19. Reports from the interior are most alarming.
Santa Rosa is a total wreck. There are 10,000 homeless people. The loss of
life will probably reach thousands. Not one business building is left intact.
The greater portion of the residence section is destroyed.
LOSS OK MFR IS SHOCKING.
Messengers bring saddest tidings of the destruction of Healdsburg, Geis
erville, Gloverdale, Hopeland and Ukiah. This report takes in the country
as far north as Endocino and Lake counties, and as far west as the Pacific
ocean. In every case the loss of life and property is shocking.
: KI XSTOX IIEAHI) FHOU.
Washington, April 19. The first message received frcn General Funs
ton arrived at 11:40 last night. It was addressed to Secretary Taft. The
message follows: "We need thousands of tents and all rations that can be
sent. Busines portion of city destroyed and about 100,000 people homeless.
Fire still raging. Troops all on dut assisting police. Loss of life probably
1,000. Best part of residence district not yet burned."
Washington, April 19.. The secretary of the treasury has authorized the
telegraphic transit of $10,000,000 from the subtreasury at New York to San
Carry relief sipplies free.
New York, April 19. The Wells-Fargo company announced today it will
transport free of charge supplies for the sufferers in the San Francisco disaster.
FLOCKIXfi ACROSS HAY.
San Francisco, April. 19. Homeless
people are flocking with blankets and
such baggage as they can carry to find
refuge across the bay.' Traffic towards
the city is stopped by the military au
thorities and every means of travel
made available to the distressed and
Oakland hospitals are filled with in
jured and dying who are being con
veyed there as rapidly as possible
Prices of food and drink are being
trebled and today policemen are guard
ing retail stores to prevent the people
from purchasing food supplies in large
quantities. Considerable looting is re-
Eerthqvike Shock Lete TKis
Afternoon Operators Driven
From Posts Communica
tion Lost Buildings
Washington, D. C., Aprill9 . The
war department has received the
following Western Union bulletin
from San Francisco:
"Los Angeles says the building
is rocking like a boat. Just lost
connection with Los Angeles im
mediately after this report. The
men probably left the building."
New York, April 19. A Postal
message announces two distinct
earthquake shocks were felt at Los
Angeles at 3:30 p. m., eastern
time. No details.
Los Angeles, Cal., April 19. The earthquake shock felt here today, ap
peared general throughout southern California. Much a'arm is felt, but no
damage is yet reported.
CONGRESS VOTES RELIEF
FOR EARTHQUAKE VICTIMS
Senate Proposes $500,
000 and House Raises
it to $1,000,000.
LA FOLLETTEON RATES
Hopkins and Tillman Clash
Over the Walsh Bank
(Continued on Page Eight.)
Washington, April 19. The senate
today passed a joint resolution author
izing the secretary of war to use ra
tions and quartermaster's supplies for
relief distribution in California, and
making an appropriation of $300,00.)
to relieve the sufferers.
Washington, April 19. The senate
resolution appropriating $500,000 for
the relief of the San Francisco suffer
ers was increased by the house com
mittee on appropriations to $1,000,000.
Munt llrport on Sfntrhoofl.
Washington, April 19. Williams
served notice on the house today no,
legislation would be permitted to be
considered under rules of house or a
special rule until the conferees on the
statehood bill had made a report.
llopklnn I pliolil Wnlnh.
Washington, April 19. A very bitter
and acrimonious debate broke out in
the senate today between Hopkins of
Illinois and Tillman of South Carolina.
It involved the Walsh bank failure,
and crimination and recriminations
were made by the two senators. The
wordy war was cut. off by invoking a
rule of order, and La Follette took the
floor to speak to thr rate bill.
Hlfcht In Inl.rrrnt.
Senator La Follette announced his
conclusion that "Authority of the gov
ernment to control transportation both
as to character of service and rate of
service, is inherent as the rights of
sovereignty, that the obligation rests
upon the government to exercise this
IKwtr." He contended the power of
congress to fix rates extend to all In
tern ate commerce.
i ttnrtn lf-puilnllr.
Announcing his conviction that such
legislation would he sustained, Ia Fol
lette declared that "corporate Inter
est have little reason to expect aid
and comfort from the supreme court.
Great interests have not hesitated to
corrupt legislation and propose its at
torneys for judicial appointment, but
its stain has never reached the su
preme court of the United States."
INVENTOR OF THE CORSET
DIES LEAVING $2,000,000
Mrs. Lavenia Foy, Whose Ingenuity
Devised Garment, Reached the
Age of 93.
New Haven, Conn., April 19. Mrs.
Lavenia Foy, who became the richest
woman in Connecticut by inventing the
modern corset, is dead at the age of
93. She leaves about $2,000,000 to her
son. General George H. Harmon.
bout two years ago the engagement
of Mrs. Foy to George Hurd, a Yale
student, who was earning his way
through college by taking care of the
furnace at the Foy home, was announc
ed. General Harmon, who had been
away on a trip to Europe, returned in
time to break up the proposed wedding.
Hurd gave up his aged fiance when
Dean Wright of the college told him
that he would be expelled from the In
stitution if he married.
BIDS AND OFFERS'' KILLED
Effect of Decision of Court Affects
Board of Trade Operations.
Chicago, April 19. The appellate
court today decided the purchase of
optional contracts by one member of
the board of trade from another is ille
gal. The effect of the decision is to do
away with "bids and offers."
Postpone Franklin Celebration.
New York, April 19. The Franklin
celebration at Paris scheduled for to
morrow is indefinitely postponed.
Discoverer of Radium Killed.
Paris, April 19. Professor Curie,
who discovered radium, was run over
and killed by. a wagon today.