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THR ARGUS, FRIDAY, APmL 20, 190G.
Fountain pens are as much a
neccaslty today as the quill was
100 years ago-
Wc carry a line of fountain
pens bunt for business. No ink
smears lingers; no blots; in
gol-.l, silver, pearl and rubber,
froui $1.00 to $12.00. We also
sell the celebrated Paul Ewirt
by far tiio smoothest fountaiu
on the markeL
HAVE A LOOK.
Opposite Karper Hcuse.
The new spring woolens are
ready and we'll take great pleas
tire in showing them to you at
They're handsome, indeed!
Men, who know just what they
want, come here knowing that
they'll get it.
The men we dress are always
well dressed and satisfied men,
and they speak of our work in
the highest terms.
We're not high-priced tailors,
and we feel sure that, if we
make clothes for you once, you'll
come to us the next time of
your own accord.
J. B. ZiMfilER&SON, jj
Merchant Tailors. &
1317 Second Avenue. g
WE CAN FURNISH THE LAT-
O EST DESIGNS AND BEST MA- G
9. TERIAL IN ICE CREAM AND 9
" pdiiit ires
GIVE US YOUR NEXT OR- g
8 DER. WE WILL BE SURE TO 8
O - O
Charles E. Hodgson,
American Ins, Co Newark, N. J.
Continental Ins. Co. ..New York
Agricultural Ins. Co New York
Traders' Ins. Co. Chicago, I1L
Williamsburg Ins. Co New York
New Hampshire Ins. Co. . N. Hampshire
North German Ina. Co. .....New York
Security Ins. Co, . . . .New Haven, Conn
Irs. Co.Statc of Illinois. . .Rockford, 111.
Connecticut Fire Ins. Co. of Connecticut
Office, room 3, Buford block. Rates
. low as consistent with security.
JOHN FOLK & CO.
Dealers In single and double
rcagth Blinds and Mouldings,
Veneered and Hardwood Floor
tn of all kinds.
Dealer in single and double
strrn.z!. Window Glass, Pollah-,
ed Plate, Beveled Plata and
Art Glass. .. .
311 AND 329
. EIGHTEENTH 8TREET.
Would Scratch and Tear the Flesh
Unless Hands Were Tied Wasted
to a Skeleton Awful Suffering for
Over a Year Grew Worse Under
Doctors Skin Now Clear.
WOULD HAVE DIED
BUT FOR CUTICURA.
SIy little pon, when about a year
and a half old, began to have sores
come out on bi3 face. I had a phy
sician treat rum,
but the sores grew
worse. Then they
began to come on
his arms, then on
fether parts of his
body, and then one
came on his ( nest,
worse than the.
others. Thrn I call
ed another physi-
cian. Still he grew worse. At the end
of about a year and a half of suffering
lie grew so bad I had to tie his hands
in cloths at night to keep him from
scratching the sores and tearing the flesh.
"lie got to be a mere skeleton, and
was hardly able to walk. My Aunt
advised me to try Cuticura Soap and
Ointment. So great was her faith in
it that she gave me n small piece of
Soap to try and a little of the Oint
ment. I took it home without any
faith, but to please her I tried it, and
it soemed to dry up the sores a little.
"I sent to the drug store and got a
cake of the Soap and a box of tho
Ointment and followed the directions,
and at the end of about two months
the sores were all well. He ha3
never had any sores of any kind since.
"He is now strong and healthy,
and I can sincerely say that only for
your most wonderful remedies my
precious child would have died from
those terrible sores. I used only one
cake of Soap and about three boxes
of Ointment. (signed) Mrs. Eg
bert Sheldon, R. F. D., No. 1, Wood
ville. Conn, April 22, 190.V
Complete External nd Internal Treatment for Ewy
Humor, f rum l'impica to fcoruliila, from Infancy to Afe,
con.irting vt Cutkura Soap, 2."c Ointment, .Vc, Keat.l
ent,itc. tin form of Chocolate Coated 1'iila.Kic. per rial
of en, may be haU of alldru(tsitt. A imrlcii-t often cure.
Totter Drue Cncut. Corp., Sole Proin., Uortou.
iiailnl Free," liow la Cure Baby liumur."
COAT SH IRTS
are made of the beat white or color-fast fabric.
You can net what you want of your dealer if
you insist on it. $ i ,50 and more.
On and 08 like a coat.
CLUCTT, PCABODV ft, CO.
Largest Makers of Collars and Shirts in the World
ETc - - t-r t - -.
Kor Mnlr hy I)avil Don. Ilork lxlnI
Ilartltvnre fompauy. Jolin.T. Aoftnkrr,
and J. J. IltirKeMx Jc Co.
SprinK In Town.
Bprlnff in the a?r! Xow ports sing
Of tendrils Kreon and evrythins
That every bard In cverj- age.
In every tongrue. on parchment page
And cuneiform has had his fling.
But what can springtime ppasms bring
To mortal millions in a ring
Of bricked in towns? Yet, quoth the
"Spring in the air!"
When o'er wet asphalt come a string
. Ol "honks" as autos pkid and swing.
We curse the chauffeur in a rage
And Jump ten feet (if one could gauge),
Fulfilling bards imagining
"Spring Jn the air!"
New York Herald.
THE BEST COUGH CURE
- Cough syrups are all cheap
enough, but if you should get a
gallon of cough syrup that does not
cure for the price of a small bottle
the best cough cure, you would
have made a bad bargain for- one
small bottle of Kemp's Balsam may
stop the M-orst cough and save a
life, whereas the cough 4'cure" that
does not cure is worse than useless.
Sold by all dealers at 25c and 50c
P-jr - 3.-- . t-w ;
WORK OF COAL MINERS
Duties of Various Gangs In the
VAST INDUSTBY W0BTH MILLIONS
Capital of f 700,000,000 Invented In
and 1,000,000 People Dependent on
an Area . of l,TOO Square IHlIea In
Northeastern Pennsylvania Nearly
$70,000,000 raid In Wasca.
Within an area in northeastern Teuu
sylvania of 1,700 square' miles having
an actual coal area 01 omy square
miles is confined practically the entire
anthracite Industry of . the United
States, which at present is'-at a stand
still on account of the disagreement be
tween the miners and the coal mine
This preat Industry, says the Out
look, represents a capital Investment of
$700,000,000, with natural annual prof
its of from $So,000,6oO to $100,000,000,
and produces each year about 70,000,
000 short tons of Imrd coal valued at
$140,000,000. It furnishes a freight
traffic worth $40,000,000 a year to
about eight important railway systems
and pays annually approximately $70,
000,000 in wages to about lHo.000 mine
A population of nearly 1,000,000 peo
ple within the anthracite region alone
is dependent directly and indirectly
upon this Industry for their means of
livelihood. The two largest cities are
Scranton. with a population of 102,000,
and "Wilkesbarre, with 52,000 inhabi
tants, both in the northern, or Wyom
ing, field. Other important cities, with
n population of less than 23,000 each,
are Ilazelton, in the Lehigh field, and
Pottsville, jfihenand-oah,. Toniaq.ua and
Shamokin, in the Schuylkill field."
Surrounding these larger cities are
numerous small towns and villages or
"patches," as the mining hamlets or
groups of buildings in near proximity
to a particular mine are called, extend
ing for many miles throughout the val
leys and connected by electric rail
ways. About 100,000 of the workers are en
gaged on underground jobs.
The inside foreman, or mine boss,
with his assistants, has direction of the
entire underground workings, looking
after the ventilating apparatus and ex
amining all stopes, shafts, main roads,
traveling ways, signaling apparatus,
pulleys and timbering, lie also has
supervision of the miners, directing
them in their work and inspecting their
working places to see that these are
safe for the men.
The fire 1kss, under the direction of
the mine foreman, takes care that the
working places of the miners and oil
used iortIons of the underground plant
are free from explosive gas, and to
guard against this danger the law di
rects him to make inspection of all
used parts of the mine both before the
miners begin work and after they leave
The door boys. Including the fan
boys, guard the heavy wooden doors
dividing the gangway, opening and
closing them as the cars and men pass
In and out. These doors tire for the
purpose of directing the air currents
through the proper openings to the
breast where the miners aud laborers
are at work. lu some mines self acting
doors have leen provided.
The drivers employed underground
have charge of from one to three or
four mules hauling empty and loaded
cars from and to the miners working
places. The stablemen care for the
mules In the underground stables.
Where mules are not necessary, as in
the case of gravity roads In the mine,
those In charge of the cars are called
runners. Of Jill the 155,000 outside and
Inside workers only about 45,000 are
miners engaged directly in the mining
The working place of the miner may
be 500 to 1.000 or In cases as many as
2.000 feet below the surface and as far
as two or three miles from the maiu
entrance to the mine. While some
work with a gang of other miners and
laborers in charge of a foreman, as In
stripping or In opening a gangway in
a thick and wide seam or through solid
rock, others are employed mining coal
in the chambers, or rooms opening
from the gangway.
These chambers vary in size, depend
ing upon the thickness and width of the
seam the miner is working, the seams
ranging from two feet to more than
100 feet thick and extending frequently
over large areas. These rooms, called
breasts, usually range from twenty to
thirty feet wide, generally twenty-four
feet, and may have a depth of 300 feet.
In the Schuylkill field two miners as
partners, or "butties," usually work a
chamber together. In this field, and
also in the Lehigh field as a general
thing, the seams pitch at such an angle
as to prevent cars from being run to
the working face, and in such case the
coal is worked directly up the pitch.
liy means of strong timbers across the
opening at the bottom the dislodged
coal is" held In place and gives the min
ers a support while they mine the sollif
coal above them.
When the particular deposit has been
dislodged the gatelike arrangement at
the bottom is opened and the coal is
then run down a chute into the cars,
laborers being employed by the com
pany to remove what the miner has
mined. In all such cases the two
miners, or "buttles," work without la
borers and are paid so much a yard
for the coal they have mined.
In the Wyoming field the coal seams
are so flat, with few exceptions, that
roads can be laid and the. mine cars
taken to the face of each chamber.
This permits the coal to be loaded as
It is mined, and in such cases while the
miner dislodges the coal a laborer env
ployed by him load9 it on the cars. '
When all the coal but what is neces
sary to support the roof has been dls
lodged and a whole 'section of the mine
has been worked out, the miners re
move these supports, or pillars, begin
ning at the inside end and working
back toward the shaft as they progress.
allowing the roof of the mine and In
some cases the surface of the ground
to settle in the excavated places. This
is regarded as the most dangerous part
of the miners occupation and is called
robbing the pillars."
Much of the time of the miner under
ground is spent In drilling holes for his
charge of powder which he explodes to
dislodge the coal. One discharge may
bring down many tons; again, it fre
quently falls completely In Its purpose,
In which latter case the miner must
dig out the coal with his pick and drill.
This' is called "mining out a shoL"
The amount of coal the miner Is able
to get out depends to a large extent
upon the softness or hardness of the
seam and the amount of timbering he
is compelled to put up. In some cases
the character of the coal Is such as to
allow the miner to take out many yards
without putting up any timbers at all,
and in other cases he may have to tim
ber every foot of the way for hundreds
In the Wyoming field the seams do
not pitch to any great extent, and here
the miner is able to wall the refuse
alongside his working place, sending
for the greater part only clean coal to
the breaker. Where the seams pitch,
however, as is the case in the Lehigh
and Schuylkill fields, all the coal, slate.
rock, etc., dislodged by a charge of
powder must le sent out In the cars.
To determine the amount of clean or
marketable coal in a car a weighman
Is employed hy the miners to check up
the company docking boss.
SCHOOL OF SOCIALISM.
A. Tietr Departure In Public Educa
tion Founded by a Woman.
Mrs. E. D. Rand of Burlington, la.,
who died last year, bequeathed alout
$200,000 to endow a school of Social
ism, says Everybody's Magazine. For
twenty-five years the Income will be
used "to provide an Intellectual center
for the Socialistic movement in the
United States." This Intellectual cen
ter will be established in the city of
New York, aud it is hoped to form
branch schools in other cities.
There will be a building with read
ing and meeting rooms and lecture
courses on Socialism, popular science,
the relation of the different arts and
literature to social development. Teach
ers and workers in Socialism will be
trained. General culture will also le
given. Distinguished foreign Social
ists will be imported. Finally the
school will try to collect and furnish
correct information about Socialism for
the use of teachers and writers not So
cialists. The school will le opened
Baseball For Drltona.
At a meeting in London the other
night it was decided to form a British
baseball association, says the New
York Press. Although the Initiative
was taken by professional football
clubs, stress was laid on the desirabil
ity of fostering the amateur side of
the game. It was suggested that the
protection of the organized baseball
Interests in America be sought to pre
vent the importation of American pro
fessionals. Disappointed love makes the misery
of youth, disappointed ambition that
of manhood and successful avarice that
of age. Goldsmith.
In the Edinburgh Uni
versity three human lungs lie
side by side. One is of an
Eskimo and is snow white.
In life, this would be ruddy
with rich blood. Another is
that of a coal-miner and is
black. The other is of a town
dweller and is a dirty slate
gray, as are the lungs of most
city residents. That's why
consumption thrives in cities.
One reason why Scott's
Emulsion does so much to
keep down consumption is
because it helps to keep the
lungs clean and supplies
them with rich, red blood. It
makes the lungs germ-resisting.
If the body is run
down and health is at a low
ebb Scott's - Emulsion will
build it up quickly and per
manently. SCOTT & BOWNE. 409 Pearl Street New York.
Tha "Sidewalk Brand" '
for Walks, Cisterns, Floors, Walls,
Cellars, Fence Posts. A pure rock
cement of greatest strength and uni
formity. It will go farther as it stands
more sand than any other brand. It
finishes like mar
ble and will , last
Insist on your dealer
giving you M Side
walk Brand" Mar
on Cement end-liow
n !Tt It
NURQUETTt CEMENT MFG. CO. CHICAGO
Women Debaters Give Reasons.
For a Uniform Law.
PASTING PKEFEEKED TO ' STRIFE
Greatest Cause of Misery to Greatest
Samber of Women Shoald Be Basis,
Says a Blember ot m Political Study
Society Central Divorce Lswi From
Washington Advocated by Another.
The Society For Political Study in
New York voted the other afternoon
after a debate that a uniform divorce
law is much needed in the United
States, saya the New York Times. It
was not a one sided discussion, for be
fore voting for the law the club voted
on the argument and decided that, as
Mrs. Frederick A. Dana, who present
ed the subject, said, the negative "put
up the best talk."
'"There are C12 divorces out of every
10,000 marriages In this country," said
Mrs. Dana in opening, "over G per
cent, and that Is not only bad for us,
but it is a scandal to other nations.
Among our divorce laws we have ev
erything, from the state which will not
allow divorces at all to others which
show ten recognized causes for di
vorce. It sounds like a clothing house
advertisement 'We fit the hard to fit.'
With ten styles of ready made causes
for divorce in the United States it
would seem as though every one might
"Of course I believe in a uniform di
vorce law," said Mrs. Lillie Devereux
Blake, "for now a man, divorced and
remarried, traveling from Maine to Cal
ifornia will And that while he Is mar
ried in one state he is not in another.
In one he is married to his first wife.
In another to his second, in still an
other he Is married to both, and in
some states he Is married to neither."
"I have never been divorced." said
Mrs. Belle de Rivera before she began
her argument in the negative,' "I nev
er expect to be divorced, I have never
had a member of my family or a friend
who was divorced, so that this matter
does not affect me personally."
"There are some true marriages, but
we must acknowledge that another
kind exists. A marriage made other
than for love is not a true marriage.
'Whom God hath Joined together let no
man put asunder,' but there Is a poet
who repeats, 'Whom God hath joined
together, let no man put asunder, but
who can tell, I wonder the uninspired
may sometimes make a blunder.' If a
mistake has been made which must
last a lifetime, isn't It better to have a
"There are many reasons for divorce
which Is not seemly for. me to mention
to you. There are many women who
rather than tell of the reasons for
which they wish to be divorced would
suffer a lifetime. And for these would
not it be well to have another reason
say incompatibility of temper? Incom
patibility! Yes, and I do believe that
that is as good a cause for divorce as
could be given. If two people can only
live together in constant discord It Is
better for them to separate.
"You remember the woman who was
asked if her husband was evn tem
pered and she answered, 'Yes, he is al
ways cross.' A man recently asked for
a divorce from his wife because she
would not speak to him. Isn't it a
good reason for divorce if one person
will not speak to another? If you had
a friend wl)6 was unhappily married,
wouldn't you wish for a divorce for
her? And they speak of the evil ef
fects for tlie children, but it is much
better for a child to go with one parent
or another than to be brought up in
an atmosphere of discord. But it Is
not the divorce, but the marrying
again, of which Mrs. 'Blake spoke
which troubles us, and that is a differ
ent question," -
. "The greatest cause of misery to the
greatest number of women that should
be the basis of a uniform divorce law,
and that can be found by statistics,"
said Mrs. Sally Cory. "A uniform di
vorce law need not be stringent, and if
a bright woman ever wanted to get
a divorce she would be sure to manage
"We must give the. states a chance
for evolution in divorce laws," said
Mrs. Trow. "In the newer states,
where everything is in a state of tran
sition, there are more reasons for di
vorce, and there should be more meth
ods for obtaining it In the older ones
they abolish the reasons for divorce.
But the trouble is not in the ease with
which we get divorces, but the ease
with which we are married. I have
known twenty cases of unhappy mar
riages because of weakmlndedness or
of deformity which unfitted for the re
sponsibillUes of married life."
"We ought to have central divorce
laws from Washington," said Mrs. Win
ifred Judge, the club president, "so that
a woman need not wake up in the
morning and find that she has been di
vorced overnight in some little half
baked community, and that has been
done. To have the state requirement
for divorce a crime for either man or
woman is a terrible thing, for it brings
disgrace upon the children.
"Abandonment or drunkenness and
abuse, are good causes for divorce.
When a society woman is divorced
there is talk all over the country about
It, but no one knows of. the many di
vorces that take place among the mem
bers of the foreign element of bur. pop
ulation. "Wednesday matinees' they
call the days in the courts where the
poor, people go. to get their divorces,
and the judges say that the women
are treated so abominably that It would
be wicked not to let them get them
easily . -
Then the S. P. S. voted that there
really should be a universal divorce j
g ts V Mr&i ' W- ts 4f - .
tt 1 is fast superseding old-fashioned cod liver oil and
AlliJX emulsions because, without a drop of oil or
disagreeable feature, it contains all the medicinal elements
of cod liver oil, actually taken from freslx cods' livers.
By our process the oil, having
food, is separated from the
away. Unlike old-fashioned
Vinol is deliciously palatable,
ach, and therefore unequaled
creator for old people, puny
and women, after sickness,
Everything Vinol contains is named on the label.
OUR GUARANTEE We have such faith in VINOLthat if you will
take it we promise il tt does not
your money wunout question, wo uac u ui
H. O. ROLFS, Druggist.
HARPER HOUSE PHARMACY.
Flavors: Lemon. Orangt. Raspberry. StraVbrry. Cfterrv
THIi STEItN & SAALBERO CO., Mfrs., New York.
When in Doubt
Health is life's greatest luxury. If you want health, consult Dr. Walsh,
Davenport's most successful specialist in Chronic, Nervous Diseases of
men and women.
DR. WALSH CURES WHEN OTHERS
IfKRVOITS DKIIILITY, ulcpleflsneps, weakness of men, fall Ina; memorr,
mental delusions, catarrh, dyrpepaia, asthma, bronchitis, blootl dlFcaeea.
scrofula, plica and kidney disease.
WOMEN suffering from nervous exhaustion, heartache, backache, consti
pation, neuralgia, palpitation of the heart, or any other diseara peculiar
to the sex should consult Dr. Walsh and set the benefit of bis vast ex
perience. YOU KNOW that Dr. Walsh ts the only specialist who ever remained In
the tri-cities over tw years. You also know that he has been lM-sted in
Davenport 11 years. You mast know that Dr. Walsh remains permanent
ly because he cures his patients.
VIBRATION AND KI.KCTH ICITY Twenty years' eperlence has made
Dr. Walsh a master of these methods of curing chronic dlseasea. lie ui-s
all forms of electricity, including Karadism. C.alvanlsm. Catapuoresls,
Sinusoidal, Static and High Frequency Currents.
VARICOCELES Is a frequent cause of nervous and physical decline. Why
treat months with others when we can positively cure you In from one t
DR. WALSH'S PRICES FOR TREATMENT ARE WITHIN THE
REACH OF ALL.
THE QUESTION OK YOUR HEALTH Is a vital one, therefore you cannot
afford to place your case In the hands of those who have had little or uo
practical experience In the treatment of chronic diseases.
DR. WALSH'S large private practice and extensive experience as eur-Keon-in-chief
of St. Anthony's hospital, together with the. lad thnt lie
has cured hundreds who were pronounced Incurable by others durlrtg
the 11 years he has been located in Davenport, proves conclusively that
he is the specialist that you should consult if you want to get wtXL.
ONLY CURABLE CA8ES TAKEN.
Best of references and credentials. If you cannot call, writs. Hun
dreds cured by mail.
Hours 9 to 12 a. ra 2 to 5 and 7 to 8 p. m.t Sundays, 11:30 to 1:I
p. m. Office, 124 West Third street. McCullouga bull'ilng, Davenport, la.
no value either as a medicine or
medicinal elements and thrown
cod liver oil and emulsions,
agreeable to the weakest stom
as a body builder and strength
children, weak, run-down men
and for all pulmonary diseases.
rencnc or cure you wo wn itium jvi
BRO-MAN-GEL-ON is the " happiest" chejee
for the family's dessert. It's not too rich it's ju-t
the finest evr. Prepared in a twinkling costs sur
prisingly little. In every test for purity quality and
delicious results, Bro-man-gcl-on is acknowledged the
ONE PERFECT DESSERT JELLY
1 0e size itieht veUob) oackaMt): 1 Be sir (pink oacXogt)
Consult the Bes
DR. J. E. WALSH,
Formerly of Chicago,
St. Anthony's lloariilal.