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THEARGtXS. FRIDAY, APRIE 20, 190G.
WEALTH TAX OPINIONS
How Congressmen Regard Pres
ident's Fortune Limiting Plan.
OUT-KERODS HEROD, SATS A TEXAS
Mar Be Solution of PreUlem of the
Overrlch, Aaaerta a Republican.
John D. Rockefeller InjMInd, Sena.
tor Tlllmam lrgf Haate, Declaring
Inheritance Tax Too Tardy Vlerwa
of Gtmnon of Statiea.
Following are the comments of sena
tors and representatives on President
Roosevelt's declaration In favor of "a
progressive tax on all fortunes beyond
a given amount, either ;given in life or
devised or bequeathed upon' death to
any Individual." says a Washington
special to the New York Times:
Senator Spooner of Wisconsin: "It
has not been worked out sufficiently
for me to express an opinion. It is a
matter which must be carefully devel
oped." Senator DoIIiver of Iowa: "IJtouehed
on that subject the other day when I
said the time was coming when It
.would be necessary for the people to
look Into the origin of these monstrous
Senator Fulton of Oregon: "Broadly,
I am In favor of the president's view,
though I have not considered the mat
ter sufficiently to speak In detail."
Senator Dillingham of Vermont: "I
am not at all in sympathy with the
Representative Grosvenor of Ohio:
The president is on solid grouutl. The
time is coming when it will be ieces
sary to adopt some such plan to control
large fortunes. I favored the Income
tax, but this Is liottor than the law, we
Representative Loud of Michigan: "It
Is logical and reasonable, and unless
the plan ultimately adopted Is too rad
ical it ought to le widely favored. I
have had this in mind for several
Representative Crumpacker of Indi
ana: "I indorse every word he said. I
have been talking that way myself in
my district for some time."
Representative Currier of New Hamp
shire: "My state has just recently
adopted a constitutional amendment
providing for a graduated inheritance
tax. I am heartily in favor of It."
Representative Kinkakl of Nebraska:
"It was a great speech. I am In favor
of the proposition of a graduated in
Representative Townsend of Michi
gan: "The proposition seems to be quite
constitutional, and It may be the solu
tion of the problem of the-overricb."
Representative Gardner of New Jer
sey: "It Is the most dangerous, covert,
confiscatory proposition that has been
thrown before a restless people in the
last quarter of a century. If all the
people during the next three centuries
could be taught to differentiate as
clearly as the president did that would
be another thing. The remedy for
large fortunes should be some measure
of restrictive legislation and not. confiscatory.
Representative Calderhead of Kan
sas: "I am against it."
Representative Huff of Pennsylvania:
"I am opposed to such a proposition.
I do not see why a man, when be has
the. energy and the Ingenuity to amass
Thousands of Women
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curixg disease and displacements and
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experience that it will effect a cure.
Women who are troubled with pain
ful or irregular periods, backache,
bloating (or flatulence), weakness, dis
placements, inflammation, ulceration,
that bearing-down" feelmg. dizzi
ness, faintness, indigestion, nervous
prostration or the blues, should take
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way write to Mrs. Piitftham, Lynn,
Mass for advice. It'a free and always
a fortune,' should not be" protected "In
his right to enjoy it."
Representative Deemer of Pennsyl
vania: "The president's suggestion Is
certainly unique and broad. I rather
feel that a man possessed of a fortune
honestly made should have the right to
dispose of It according to his own judg
ment. The reference, of course, is to
vast actum illations of wealth. There
are only a few fortunes In America
which answer the description, and I be
lieve that In most cases these will be
scattered by natural processes In two
generations. The difficulty would be
in fixing the limit to be left to an in
dividual. Where would it stop?"
Senator Warner of Missouri: "Presi
dent Roosevelt favors an Inheritance
tax as well as a tax on Incomes. I
agree with him on both propositions if
we can get a law that will conform to
Senator Dubois of Idaho: "The presi
dent's speech shows that be is thinking
along Democratic lines.' An Income
tax, I believe, could be made constitu
tional and much easier of collection
than an Inheritance or fortune tax.
The president's utterances border very
close to Socialistic doctrine."
Senator Tillman of South Carolina:
"An inheritance tax is hardly an ade
quate method of getting at stupendous
fortunes, because it only comes once
in a lifetime. I have always been a
strong advocate of an Income tax, and
a graduated one at that. I would be
willing to vote tomorrow to put an In
come tax law up to the supreme court
and see If It has not got new light. I
would also support an Inheritance tax.
If a graduated Inheritance "tax were
provided limiting the amount that
could be devised to any individual the
question would arise whether such a
law did not amount absolutely to con
fiscation. Let fortunes pay -and not
grow too big rather than seize the
whole fortune when the man dies. ,
"I believe that great fortunes are a
menace to this republic, and something
will have to be done to break them up.
There is a general feeling that theso
fortunes are a menace, but it will take
a campaign of education to arouse the
Ieople before the matter can take leg
islative shape. '
-'There are probably some legitimate
fortunes, like that of Marshall Field
and others that I know of. that have
been accumulated because of the rapid
growth of the country and the opportu
nities for shrewd Investment that can
not and ought not to be changed by
law. The only thing to be done In a
case like that is to so legislate that the
fortune should be divided up. If $100,
000,000 is put out at Interest at 4 or 5
per cent it will grow faster tlian it can
be spent by any family. An incoaie
tax would put a check on such a great
accumulation of wealth, while an in
heritance tax would tend to distribute
the fortune at the end of a lifetime."
Senator Tillman said It would be
wise for the president to push his In
heritance tax plan to an early conclu
sion, as John D. Rockefeller Is getting
along In years, and the beauties of an
Inheritance tax could not be brought
out to better advantage than by levy
ing on his mammoth estate when It
passes to others. He called attention to
William Waldorf Astir, who, while a
subject of Great Britain, enjoys the ac
cumulation from rentfs and the in
crease In value of his real estate
through the wonderful growth of New
"Our army and navy protects his
proierty from foreign floes." Senator
Tillman said, "while the police protect
It from domestic enemies. The abso
lute equity aud necessity of an income
tax cannot be shown better than by
citing this glaring case. I would much
rather see the agitation for an income
tax renewed for the purpose of again
testing it in the supreme court than see
an inheritance tax."
Senator Newlands of Nevada: "Fine.
I am In favor of that, and I would like
to have It fixed at Just my limit."
Senator Clay of Georgia: "First rate.
I have advocated that for a long time.
The president is getting to be a first
Senator Teller of Colorado: "It is too
vague and restricted for me to express
an opinion about. We need a fuller
exposition. I do not want to pass judg
ment until I know more about it."
Representative Slayden of Texas:
"This out-nerods Herod. It is a de
mand for an income tax Involving the
idea of limitation because the tax is to
grow with the fortune until It becomes
confiscatory when the fortune gets be
yond a certain size. We Democrats
were denounced as Populists for advo
cating such an idea in 1806."
Representative Padgett of Tennes
see: "The president has taken an out
post position far beyond where any
one else has ventured to go."
Senator Overman of North Carolina:
"In general I am In favor of an inher
itance tax and of an income tax, but
the inheritance tax should be left to
the states to levy and the income tax
to be levied by congress."
Representative Richardson of Ala
bama: "If President Roosevelt contin
ues advocating his Socialistic ideas
William J. Bryan will yet be the con
servative candidate for president. Mr.
Roosevelt's tax on fortunes Is a doc
trine of Socialism and nothing else.
Bryan In 1S96 never went that far, and
had he done so there would have been
people who would have denounced him
as an anarchist. I believe in an inher
itance tax, but the president goes a
long way beyond that."
Representative Sims of Tennessee:
"So far as it provides for an Income
tax I am in favor of it I would not
like to commit myself on the details of
his scheme until I have had a chance
to study it." While he was talking a
Republican congressman leaned over
to me and said, "Another 'Democratic
plank stolen." '
The following are the views of the
governors of some of the states:
; Governor John A. Johnson of Mlnne
gQta: fThe methods XLrppo6sdby.Pjes-
"Life is Not to Live
But to be
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ident Roosevelt U prevent e:iu"iuous
accumulation of wealth aud to mitigate
if not to wholly obviate the admitted
danscr to our republican government
have been ndvoeated by Bryan and
other advanced student of our linau
cial and economic systems. I am prent
ly Impressed with the report of the ar
gument. The adoption of such a sys
tem would le largely equitable in ef
fecting an equalization of taxation as
well j;s ia removing in a l.ire measure
the menace to free institutions conse
quent upon the gigantic accumulation
of wealth In the hands of the few and
the undue, undemocratic aud perilous
power whioh it has in recent years
come to possess and exorcise in this
country. 1 think the president should
go farther and that there should be
more immediate leveling of great for
tunes by means of an income tax."
Guvernok Albert K. Mesul of Wash
ington: "In my judgment our constitu
tion would not allow the passage of a
progressive tax on fortunes beyond a
certain amount. Of course the consti
tution could be amended if the people
favor such a plan of taxation. Wash
ington has a good inheritance tax law.
which has been sustained in every par
ticular by our courts. It taxes all In
heritances, both lineal and collateral,
and ad gifts made iu anticipation of
death and is a groat revenue producer.
Tho tax is fixed lower or higher as the
degree of relationship is near or far.
Whilo I consider the enormous for
tunes being accumulated a menaceto
good government I do not see any way
to tax one class of property or property
holders out of proportion to another
class. It certainly could not be legally
done under our present constitution. If
the president can evolve some system
that will make the very rich pay their
just proportion of tho taxes he will cer
tainly have my most earnest support."
Governor A. J. Montague of Virginia:
"The passage quoted from the p.resi-
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Governor John II. Mickey of Nebras
ka: "Tho speech of President Iloosevelt
today is sound, patriotic, fair and one
of the greatest utterances over made.
au'5 I heartily indorse every word."
Governor John C. Cutler of Utah: "I
favor the early adoption of a plan, as
outlined by President Poosevelt this
day, of a progressive tax on all for
tunes beyond a certain amount."
PRESIDENT IN OLEAN CLUB.
Accepts Honorary Meinlerhlp In
Snoivthoe Club Started In a Barn.
At a recent mooting of the Olean (N.
Y.) Snowshoe club Secretary Abrams
was instructed to notify President
Iloosevelt of his. election as. an honor
ary 'member of the club,' as tLe presi
dent lias many friends among the mem
bers who admire him for his interest
in outdoor contests, says the Oleau
Times. Tho other evening the follow
ing letter was received by Secretary
William Abrams, Jr., which explains
Itsolf and which will adorn the parlors
of the club In a handsome frame:
Tho White House, Washington. March 14.
My Dear Brother Abrams I lu:vc your
letter of tho 12th Inst. I thoroughly
believe In Fueh an orKanization as the
Olean Snowshoc club and especially
when It starts in a barn, as yours dirt, and
goes to work in tho right kind of way. I
uccept honorary membership with pleas
ure. Sincerely yours,
Mr. William Abrams, Jr..
Sec. Olean Snowshoe Club,
Olean, N. Y.
The club regards such an honorary
member as the president with satisfaction.
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