Newspaper Page Text
VOL. LV. XO. 190.
THE ARGUS, SATURDAY, MAY 2G, 190C TWELVE PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
ANOTHER CONFLICT SEE1S
IMMINENT NOV IN RUSSIA
DEATH IN STORMS
STANDARD OIL STOPS AT
NOTHING TO GAIN ITS ENDS
RAGE DARING ONE
Wind Does Great Damage and
Kills Seven in
Four Yachts Start on Trial of
Speed From New York
Government Refuses the
Demands of Parliament.
PROMISES ARE FEW
Social Democrats and Reac
tlonlsts Both Successfully
St. Petersburg, May 26, 4:40 p. m
It is rumored in the corridors of the
lower house of parliament the premier
has in his pocket a mandate for the
dissolution of parliament.
Speech Firm la Tone.
St. Petersburg, May 20. Premier
Goremykin's speech the outlining of
which was unexpectedly firm in tone,
produced such a vivid impression that
a conflict is now considered inevitable.
To the demands made in the address
of the lower house in reply to speech
from the throne it was almost a com
plete "non possmus."
It reiterated that general amnesty
is impossible, but promised the re
lease as rapidly as possible of those
who had been arrested by administra
tive order. There could be no ques
tion, it was pointed out, of the abolition
of the council of the empire, or upper
house, as that is an institution cover
ed by the fundamental law and is be
yond the competence of parliament.
o Distribution of Iand.
Most important of all. the premier
declared the basis for a solution of the
aggrarian problem proposed by the
lower house was completely impossi
ble. There could be no forced distiibu
tion of land. He promised however.
the distribution of some parts of the
state domains and outlined a broad
program for popular education, revi
sion of the tax law and the institution
of political liberty.
As the premier concluded reading
the government's declaration, which
was received without a single murmur
of approval, a wonderful scene follow
ed when M. Roditchoff, leader of the
constitutional democrats, mounted the
rostrum and rejected in behalf of his
party the government's reply. Witti
burning words he flung down the
gauntlet to the government, and thun
ders of applause greeted his speecn.
Wild With Knthnlani.
When Rodtchoff turned toward the
benches occupied by the ministry and
declared that "it is not the government,
but the representatives of the people
here assembled who must decide what
is best for the welfare of the country,"
the members were wild with enthusi
asm. Time and again the house roared
with ironical laughter as the orator's
sarcastic denunciations of the policy
of the government. Roditchoff conclud
ed with a demand for the retirement
of the bureaucratic cabinet and the cre
ation of a responsible ministry from
the people's chosen representatives.
Would Dlaeredit Parliament.
The social democrats are working
might and main to cast discredit on
parliament and produce an uprising of
the elemental forces. They have al
ready precipitated an incipient strike
In the industrial quarters of Moscow,
and at Odessa the 'longshoresmen have
struck. Not a single vessel left that
Given Powerful Weapon.
The government's refusal to grant
amnesty to political prisoners furnishes
the proletariat organizations with a
powerful weapon, and they threaten
that unless tomorrow, the anniversary
of the emperor's coronation, sees am
nesty proclaimed, to call a general
strike as a preliminary to an armed up
rising. Constant rumors of a reaction
ary coup d'etat, the dispersal of par
liament and the establishment of a dic
tatorship under Trepoff, add to the gen
Become J.eadlne Topic.
Fear of another explosion in the
country and Its attendant crisis is be
ginning to overshadow the fight be
tween the crown and the lower house
of parliament. The expectation that
the premier's statement would be ut
terly unfavorable caused great excite
ment at the opening of the lower house
of parliament. Both constitutional dem
ocrats and labor groups in anticipation
of an unsatisfactory reply, drafted res
olutions expressing a lack of confidence
in the government which they are pre
pared to move as soon as the reading
Grave news comes from the prov
inces. Instead of . acting as a seda
tive, the assembling of parliament has
been marked by an alarming increase
in revolutionary agitation and terror-
IN CITY COUNCIL
Information Drawn Up Against Robert
M. Snyder of Kansas
St. Louis, Maj' 2$. Assistant Cir
cuit Attorney Kickcissen stated today
I he has drawn up a new information
charging Robert M. Snyder, a capital
ist cf Kansas City, with bribery on the
allegation of having paid $50,000 to
certain members of the city council in
1S9S for the passage of the Central
GOES TO THE PEN
Eli Hoffman Pleads Guilty to the
Charge of Bur
glary. ENTERS HOUSE IN M0LINE
Defendants Guilty of Minor Offenses
Plead in County Court City
Case Taken Up.
Eli Hoffman, charged with burglary,
appeared before Judge Gest in circuit
court this morning and pleaded guilty.
His offense was committed April 1,
when he entered the home of Albert
H. Kreitler in Moline. He was sen
tenced to the penitentiary.
Other Criminal) Plead.
In the county court Harry Johnson,
charged with stealing a brass boiler
injector, was given 30 days. Edward
McVey and Frank Coolsie, charged
with mirror smashing, were assessed
$50 and costs each, and Herbert Wil
liams, charged stealing a watch from
Henry Schomberg, was fined $23.
These were all Moline cases.
The offenders were all indicted by
the grand jury and their cases certified
to the county court. Four more indict
ments have been made public, the
principals having been brought into
court: Julius De Lede, charged with
assault and battery; Bos Wilson,
charged with assault with a deadly
weapon; Silas Bender, charged with
malicious mischief: Adolph Vander
Becker, charged with bribery.
Judge Gest this morning listened Jo
the demurrer of the city in the case of
Henry Tappendorf and Matthias
Schnell for injunction. About 40 points
are raised. The arguments will be
continued next week.
Testimony was heard today in the
cases of Blanche McKaufsky vs. Frank
McKaufsky. and Mertie Sanford vs.
Harry C. Sanford.
istic activity on the one hand and of
black hundred activity on the other.
The extremists on both sides are thus
divided into two hostile camps and
both are arming as if preparing for an
inevitable civil war. Sanguinary con
flicts continue to be reported.
Fresh agrarian disorders are reported
from Orel. Kazan and Simbirsk prov
inces. The Figner estate in Kazan
province, where Vera Figner has been
living under suveillance of the police
since her release from Schlusselburg
fortress, where she was confined for 20
years as a result of participating in a
plot against the life of Alexander II.,
has been completely destroyed and
Cossacks with difficulty saved the es
tate of Prince Galitzin.
Oshkosh, Wis., May 26. Four chil
dren, one of them a girl, stood around
August Dumdie, their father, today,
offering a bulwark of loyal flesh and
blood to the wrath of neighbors who
branded the man cruel, inhuman, and
Dumdie was seen, first by neighbors,
then by an officer of the humane so
ciety, driving a plow to which four of
his children were hitched. The little
ones were harnessed to the plow, and
they dragged it like horses. At first
it semeed monstrous, and the neigh
bors rose In outcry against the farm
But they did not know Farmer
Dumdie's story, and, not caring, did
not ask it. Hi's story does not reveal
' cruelty. It is the story of a life tra
'gedy on which even President Roose
velt and all champions of race increase
Story Is a Tragedy. i
Reduced to Its lowest terms, this is
Dumdie's story, explanation and de
fense all in one, as he gave it to a re
IOWA AND NEBRASKA ALSO
Tornadoes Strike Towns Sudden Wind
on Lake Snow in North
- Medora, N. D., May 2C. Three days
of constant rain today was followed by
a hard snowstorm.
Wind Striken Lake.
Rine, May 20. Lake Michigan was
struck by a terrific storm from a north
easterly direction today and as a result
two small vessels are ashore above
North Point. The crews escaped.
Texan Swept by Wind.
Dallas. Texas, May 2G. Seven lives
were lost through violent wind, rain
and electrical storms which prevailed
in various parts of Texas Thursday
night. Great damage was- done to the
wheat, oats, cotton and corn crops by
wind, rain and hail.
One In Nebrnakn.
Oakland, Neb., May 26. A cyclone
passed over the west side of Oakland
at 3 o'clock yesterday. At the new
town of Uehling, eight miles south,
doors were blown from the elevator
and the roof was blown from a car,
striking Carl Johnson, aged 14 years,
slightly injuring him. Oscar Johnson,
who was driving in a lumber wagon,
received a slight scalp wound. At John
Peterson's, four miles south of Oak
land, the kitchen was blown away and
the main part of the house moved from
its foundation. Hail did much dam
age. At Whitlnic, Iowa.
Sioiux City, Iowa. May 2C. A tornado
struck the town of Whiting. Iowa, 30
miles south of Sioux City, at 6 o'clock
last evening and demolished a resi
dence and barn. The occupants of the
house escaped injury by taking refuge
in the cellar. A house on the same
spot was wrecked by a similar storm
three years ago.
STRIKERS MAY HAVE
CAUSED A WRECK
Italian Section Hands Suspected of
Causing Smashup on New York
Amsterdam, N. Y., May 20. A New
York Central express train east bound
was wrecked early today near Hoff
man's, 7 miles east of here while run
ning at a high rate of speed. No hu
man lives were lost, but nine horses
were killed and an express agent bruis
ed. The wreck was undoubtedly
caused by fish plates being tampered
with. About a hundred Italian section
hands struck Thursday for higher
St. Croix Falls, Minn., May 20. A
passenger train consisting of an en
gine and two coaches on the Frederick
Spurson railroad, was wrecked by the
collapse of a trestle last night and
five persons were quite seriously injur
ed. One may die.
DOWIE SEEMS NEAR DEATH
Hurried Call for Oxygen Sent Out from
Chicago, May 20. John Alexander
Dowie Is believed to be seriously ill
in his apartments at the Virginia ho
tel. A hurried call for oxygen was
sent out early today.
Sugar Advances 10 Cents.
New York, May 2G. All grades of re
fined sugar advanced 10 cents a hun
TO PULL PLOW;
"I have worked hard on this farm all
my life. I have been getting" poorer
and poorer every year, and more chil
dren kept coming until the house is
run over with them. But I love them
anyway. Things have come to a pret
ty pass if a man can't get his own
boys to help him.
"I have been sick and so has my
wife. I broke my arm and could no'
work. I kept them home from school
riurins the planting season for 10 days.
What of it? Have any of these men
here raised as many children as I
"If a man has got to raise so many
children, what is he going to do with
them if he is poor?" .
Plow Was of Wood.
The plow in question was made of
rough tree limbs with a long tongue
and four prongs.
"There , it is," he said in a tired
way. "Is that too much for my boys
and girls to pull? They like it. I push
hard on the handle and it's easy. It is
not a plow, anyway. It is a cabbage
The horse was sick.
Scores Opponents of
a Publicity Bill.
SPEECH IN THE HOUSE
Comments on Republican Apa
thy on Subject of Cor
ruption. Washington, May 20. Dalzell of
Pennsylvania was appointed speaker
pro tem when Hhe. house convened to
day. The diplomatic and consular ap
propriation bill was taken up.
Washington, May 20. Publicity be
fore election, as well as after election,
was the subject of an address deliver
ed by Rucker of Missouri today in the
house. When he mentioned the names
of democratic members of the commit
tee who voted for his publicity bill and
republicans who voted against it, Cur
tis of Kansas, who was in the chair.
called Rucker to crder and had the
rule read that the action of the commit
tee was confidential and could only be
made public by the unanimous vote of
a particular committee.
(int Thrm In. Anywiiy.
Rucker was ordered to proceed in
order, but ingeniously got in the rec
ord the names of the republican mem
bers of the committee by stating if the
bill were in the house the republicans,
to be consistent, would vote against it.
Ho then said the apathy on the part of
the republicans toward his or any oth
er bill prohibiting political corruption
Sees Party Snceeaa.
He suggested that when the demo
crats got control of the COth congress
and delegated republicans to the Cher
okee strip they would pass a law that
would punish cormptionists of all
classes. Passing from a democratic
congress, Rucker saw a democratic
president in the White house and "your
brightest sun (pointing to the republi
can side) is like a lightning bug along
side the man whom we will elect, our
peerless leader, William Jennings Bry
an." (Great applause on the demo
Jloney for Aurioullurc.
Washington. May 20. Yesterday the
senate passed the agricultural appro
priation bill, carrying $7,S00,000, and
without a word of debate or objection
from any source added to it as an
amendment the bill providing for the
inspection of fresh meats intended for
domestic consumption. The provision
is along the general lines of the law
for the inspection of meats intended to
be shipped abroad and the work is del
egated to the bureau of animal indus
try. Wonld Pension All.
Washington, May 20. The need of
a service pension bill was called to
the attention of the house by Campbell
of Kansas, who said that if some serv
ice pension bill were adopted the semi
monthly recurrence of "pension day"
would be a thing of the past. He urged
the passage of his bill, giving all per
sons who served 90 days or more in
the military or naval service of the
United States, who have been honor
ably discharged and who make applica
tion and proof of identity, a pension
of $12 per month.
$30 for Helper.
Campbell's bill also amends the act
of June 27, 1S90, by making the mini
mum pension under that act $12 and
the maximum $18. He further provides
a pension of $30 per month for all per
sons who served 90 days in the civil
war and who are now suffering from
blindness, paralysis, rheumatism or ac
cident resulting in the loss of crippling
of limbs, rendering any such person
helpless to care for himself.
CASHIER TAKES OWN LIFE
Deed of Battle Creek Man Not Due to
i Crooked Accounts.
Battle Creek, Mich., May 26. Frank
P. Boughton, cashier of the National
Bank of Battle Creek, committed sui
cide today by hanging. The' action Is
attributed to ill-health. Bank officials
say his accounts are straight.
Tco III to Sail.
New York. May 2G. Ada Rehan was
too ill to sail on the steamer New York
for South Hampton, as she' had plan
ned. Old Correspondent Dead.
New Orleans, May 26. J. E. Mc
Danlel, correspondent of the Associat
ed Press at New Orleans for the past
S5 years, died today.
F0RTH0S. UPTON'S $500 CUP
Smallest Craft That Have Ever Under
taken Such a Feat from East
New York, May 20. One of the most
daring ocean yacht races ever sailed
off the Atlantic coast will start at 3
this afternoon from the Brooklyn
Yacht club's station in Gravesend bay
when "a little fleet of fast and able
craft will sfiil on a 055 mile race from
New York to Bermuda. The trophy
is a $500 cup offered by Sir Thomas
Four Are Kntered.
Four boats are entered as follows:
Bonnie Kate, sloop, 44 feet long.
Tamerlane, yawl, 40 feet.
Lila, yawl, C9 feet.
Gauntlet, sloop, 28 feet.
Ti3 boats are-of the seaworthy type
for deep water racing, but no race so
venturesome as this has yet been at
tempted by craft of their size from
CROSBY LEADS MARKSMEN
Illinois Sportsmen Close Meet Cad
wa.'lader Takes Cup.
Bloomingion. 111., May 20. Illinois
Sportsmens association closed its
tournament yesterday. W. R. Crosby
was high gun with 441 out of 450; W.
D. Standard of Chicago, second, with
4:12. In the amateur class Chauncey
Powers of Decatur. led with 435 out of
450; R. R. Barber, Paulina. Iowa, sec
ond, with 429. II. D. Cadwallader of
Decatur won the 15th annual competi
tion for the I j. C. Smith cup.
ALSO TAKE RAP AT SM00T
United Presbyterians Also Demand Ex
pulsion cf Utah Senator.
Richmond, Ind.; May 20 The Unit
ed Presbyterian general assembly in
session here today recommended that
the assembly communicate with the
president of the United States senate
through its officers urging prompt and
thorough action in the Smoot case and
protesting against the existence of
EPITOME OF DOINGS IN
Washington, D. C. May 20. Follow
ine is a brief resume taken from the
official records of yesterday's proceed
ings in both houses 01 congress.
SBSATE The senate passel the 41 k
rieiiUiiral appropriation bill, carrying
$7.Soi,imii. and without a word of do
bate added to it as an amendment the
Heveridne bill providing for an inspee
tion of fresh meats intended for domes
tic consumption. Senator Met umber.
eharKinK fraud on the part of the Km in
inspectors at Minneapolis, soujrht to
have national inspection established.
but failed. A hill authonziHK the kv
ernment of the Philippines to ehnnfre
the weight and fineness of the silver in
the peso to correspond with the rise
in the price of silver was passed. Sen
ator 'lapp introduced a bill to remove
the restrictions on the alienation of
lands of the live civilized Bribes of In
dians. The sea level canal bill was
made the unlinished business. Adjourn
ment was taken until Monday.
IIOI Si: In the house the iiestion of
veracitv was raised between Mr. Coop
er of Wisconsin and Mr. Hepburn of
Iowa durinK the debate over the rate
bill resolution. The rule disagreeing
to the senate amendments en bloc tinal
ly was adopted. 2." republicans voting
with the democrats against it. The re
mainder of the day was devoted to pen
sion legislation. 21.1 private bills being
passed. At o'clock the house took a
recess until 11 o'clock this morning.
Cassatt Has Sailed.
Paris. May 20. A. J. Cassatt, pres
ident of the Pennsylvania railroad,
sailed from Cherbourg for New York
SARAH BERNHARDT IN TRAIN WRECK;
MAKES SCENE WITH THE OFFICIALS
Mankato, Kan., May 20. Mme. Sa
rah Bernhardt and her company had
a narrow escape from disaster yester
day In an accident to the special train
that was bearing them to St. Joseph,
Mo., where they were to have appeared
last night. No one was injured, but
the French actress gave an impromptu
performance which for emotionalism
the officials and employes of the Rock
Island road hereabouts say was never
A truck on one of the cars broke
when the train was about two miles
from this place and the travelers were
brought up with a shock that caused
them to bolt from the coaches in a
wildly excited state. They ran back
and forth between their cars and the
locomotive firing volleys of exclama
tions in a foreign tongue at the be
wildered trainmen and refusing to be
Mme. Bernhardt led the demonstra
tion. She demanded a new locomotive
even after the engine, which had been
derailed, -was replaced on the tracks.
She declared the locomotive was "hoo
dooed" and refused to permit her train
JURY TOOK BUT 30
MINUTES TO DECIDE
George L. Thomas and L. B. Taggart
Guilty of Rebate Con
spiracy. Kansas City, May 20. George L.
Thomas, freight broker, and L. B. Tag
gart, clerk working for Thomas, in the
United States district court here late
yesterday were found guilty of the
charge of conspiracy to Illegally rebate
shipjers. The jury considered the case
only 30 minutes before arriving at t
verdict. Attorneys for the defendants
will file a motion for a new trial.
DECIDES ON WILL
Judge Parmenter Admits Last
Testament of Mrs. Alber
TWO WERE BEFORE COURT
James P. Johnston of Reynolds Names
Numerous Beneficiaries Daugh
ter Gets Large Share.
In county court this morning Judge
Parmenter admitted to probate the
will of the late Mrs. Alhertina Hanson
of Moline, which bore the date of Feb.
25. lfto.l. There was a contest on to
have the one of Aug. 22, 1004 admitted
Instead. According to this instrument
the grandchildren receive $100 each,
the remainder of the personal property
being bequeathed to Ann B. Hanson,
wife of a son. John A. Hanson; and to
Dorothea Hanson, wife of the son, Carl
O. Hanson, to be divided equally.
One half of the real estate is award
ed to the children of one son and tha
other half to the children of the other,
the income of this property to go to
the sons during their life time. The
two sons are named as executors. The
instrument which the contestants
sought to have admitted instead of
this one awarded the real estate to the
The will of the late James P. Johns
ton of Reynolds was admitted to pro
bate also. The beneficiaries under this
instrument are Mrs. Ann Osgood of
Bangor, Cal.: Mrs. M. P. Walker of
Scranton. Pa.; Mrs. Alice McCay of
Philadelphia, Pa.: F. C. Behrnian, of
San Francisco. Cal.: Miss Ida Atchison
of Bangor, Cal.: Mrs. Sadie Hell of
WilMamsport, Pa.: Mrs. Caroline How
ard of Toronto, Ont.; Mrs. Lou Atchi
son of San Francisco. Cal.. receiving
sums from $25 to $100. the remainder
being awarded to a daughter, Sadie A.
(launt. R. P. Wait is named as exe
cutor of the will, which is dated Oct.
MURDERED IN MINNEAPOLIS
F. O. Grain, Chicago Traveling Man,
Killed in Resort.
Minneapolis. May 20. F. O. drain
of Chicago, traveling salesman, was
murdered at a resort owned by Mary
Hoffman. Her husband and the woman
are under arrest, as is A. I. McEwan
as an accessory, drain was hit over
the head by a blunt weapon. Eleven
inmates are held.
President of Hun House.
Budapest, May 20. Judus Yon Justh
was lected today president of the
lower house of the Hungarian parlia
ment. to go ahead. The railroad was block
ed several hours.
It fin On Tlea Half n Mile.
The tender of the engine ran along
the ties half a mile, the locomotive
finally leaving the rails, but remaining
Another special train, carrying a
hundred members of the Omaha Com
mercial club on an excursion through
the state, was following, but was flag
ged In time to prevent a collision.
After the Bernhardt special had
been put in running order the actress
and her company were with difficulty
persuaded to resume their Journey.
WRIGHT SEES THE MIKADO
American Ambassador to Japan Pre
sents His Credentials.
Tokio, May 20. Ambassador Wright,
accompanied by members of the Amer
ican embassy and ladies, proceeded to
the palace today usd presented his
credentials to the eu:peror. It is re
ported the emperor was most' cordial
In his reception to the ambassador and
his suite, who afterwards were receiv
ed in audience by the empress.
More Startling Evidence
for the Commerce
AGENTS ON THE STAND
Tells How He Brought
the Lake Shore Road
Cleveland, May 20. W. E. Macewen,
former chief clerk In the car depart
ment of the Lake Shore & Michigan
Southern railway's general office at
Cleveland, was the first witness today
in the Standard Oil investigation by
the interstate commerce commission.
He testified he had charge of compiling
the mileage of cars of the Union Tank
imr lliic t ilvKDtmr.
He said reports were forwarded each
day to the Cleveland office of the
Standard Oil company, and he declar
ed, gave the Standard big advantage
in tabulating the record of tank care,
in Uiat the mileage of the Standard car
was figured on a different basis than
011 cars of competing companies. The
advantage amounted all the way from
S to 54 cents per car, according to the
distances between different points on
Itrfiineal UN Competitor.
When he H ft the employ of the
I.ake Shore several years ago he began
to work for the Peerless Transit com
pany, an independent tank line. He
asked the Lake Shore officials for the
same basis of figuring mileage as wan
given to the Union Tank line. He wan
ridiculed, he said, was told he did not
know what he was talking about, and
every effort made to belittle him in the
eyes of his new employers. Finally,
having obtained copies of the Union
Tank line reports, he took thera to the
proper officials of the road and they
reluctantly granted his request.
Drove Olhera Away.
Cleveland, May 20. Nineteen wit
nesses were called by the Interstate
Coninu rce commissioners In the Stand
ard Oil inquiry here yesterday. Tenti
mony bordering on the sensational was,
obtained from several witnesses. That
of George L. Lane, of Mansfield. Ohio,
a former employe of the Standard Oil
company, was regarded as particularly
According to his evidence Lane was
for about fourteen months in U0l and
1902, employed by the Standard Oil
for the particular purpose of driving
all independent oil peddlers in a dozen
or more principal cities and towns of
northern Ohio, out of business. He
paid he was employed by C. M. Lyons,
of the Cleveland office of the Standard
Oil to go to certain designated places
and use every means, fair or foul, to
force the Independents to quit. He
described methods pursued In detail.
Inlrii-tel to Kill.
"My instructions." he said, "were to
kill tin in and I was told that if I
could not do the job, somebody else
would be sent to take my place. I
worked in Youngstown and surround
ing small towns. Canton, Girard, War
ren, Ravenna, Masillon, Mansfield,
Elyrla, Oberlln and other places. Iu
all the towns except Voungstown, the
Independent peddlers were forced to
abandon their business.
"In Voungstown a man named Wil
liam H. Vahey, was encountered and
despite everything we could do he held
Ills trade. We gave oil away by the
barrel and tank load, but it did no
good. Vahey's customers threw ' It '
Evidence showing the extent of th
Standard's telegraph system was 'pre
sented. Several witnesses testified as
to the Siandard's methods of driving
GILMORE BUYS BIG PLANT
Secures Property of Tri-City Packing
Company In Davenport.
J. S. Gilniore, the Rock Island pork
packer, has purchased the plant
of the Tri-City Packing com
pany in Davenport. The property,
which Includes 10 acres of ground In
West Davenport, originally cost $50.
000 and it Is understood Mr. Gilniore
pays $30,000 for It. He formerly op
erated the plant under a lease. Opera
tions it Is expected, will be resumed
Wu Ting Fang Retires.
New York, May 20. A dispatch from
Pekin to the Times says: "Wu Ting
Fang left Pekin today. He goes Into
retirement, and after visiting the tombs
of his ancestors, will reside at Shang
hai, that haven for wealthy Chinese
seeking freedom from official Interference.