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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS
FRIDAY. MARCH 20. lflOT.
WILL REVIVE RIVER?,
Steamboat Traffic Promises to
Be Restored Shortly.
RAIL REBATES MURDERED IT.
Sign In St. Louis, Cincinnati and
Other Waterway Cities That Old Time
Activity May Return Vast Missis
sippi Valley Will Benefit.
Revival of busy Says of steamboating
on the Mississippi and Its tributaries
Is likely to tie tbe outcome of the pas
sage of the rate law and the agitation
by business men and fanners for more
facilities for moving goods and crops.
The waterways comii jsslon announc
ed by rresklent Koosevelt will look In
to this subject particularly There Is
much talk nmong men Interested in the
BteuuilMiatin" that has survive:! of
plans U) provide more facilities. Steam
boats were almost driven out of busi
ness by railroad rate cutting. Such
methods will be impossible under the
The decline of the. steamb int busi
ness on the Mississippi and its tribu
taries began in lsTl'. when the rail
rouds started their inroads into the
trade that had been controlled by the
river craft, writes a St. Louis corre
spondent of the New York Times.
Traffic on the Mississippi had revived
after the war nud was at the highest
point from liiS to lSTi'. Troui that
year the decline was gradual untii
TrntHe on the Missouri, however, was
the first to be affected ovflng to the
earlier extension of railroads Into that
territory. Only three boats were ply
ing between St. I.ouis and Kansas City
in and none from St. Louis t
points above Kansas City. Some small
boats were plying in "short trades' on
the Missouri as far up as ISisiiiarek.
X. D. For the last fifteen year? traf
fic on the Missouri has been practically
abandoned, ho far as direct connection
with St. I.ouis is concerned. Efforts
are now being made to revive this In
dustry. A syndicate of Kansas City
merchants, headed by L. II. Jones, has
announced that It Is ready to organize
a company, with a capital of S'-'W.OOO,
to establish a line of boats between
Kansas City and St. Louis. A Nash
ville (Tenu.) steamboat company will
run one or two boats on the Missouri
from St. Louis to Miami, 250 miles up
Large quantities of grain were car
ried in barges from St. Louis to New
Orleans for export from ist9 to about
1SU9. Low railroad rates to the sea
board and low water troubles In the
Mississippi in 189S) caused this branch
of transportation to be abandoned.
Figures given by the St. Louis Mer
chants' Exchange relative to the river
traffic of the last twenty years are as
Floats arriving 2.3;i
Ftargos arriving 1.272
Tons of freight received Z2,km 325.J'0
Tons of lumber and logs by
raft aiUtt l.TTC
Tons of freight shipped out. KJ7.rJ0 S9.l!5
The volume of business in 1SST was
probably only two-thirds of that of
1S72, when the decline began. The sta
tistics, of the Merchants' Exchange
I T .
That's WHY I ask
for .your support in
1715 Second Ave.
Over th London, Rock Island.
show a very material decline in me
receipts of lumber by river from the
south in the last few years.
The railroads by the rebate system
for years made low rates to all river
points, and the steamers were obliged
to meet them In nddition to having to
contend with sandbars through the low .
water seasons. Shippers solicited rates
from both the river lines and the rail- j
roads, playing one against the other.'
The railroads usually made the lower,
rates, and the steamboat companies in!
endeavoring to meet them were ruined. !
The St. Louis and New Orleans An-,
chor line, the last line of steamers op-.
crating between St. Louis and New Or
leans, went out of business in 1S'.S.
Captain I. M. Mason, for many years
president of the line, says difficulties
resulting from low water in the river
had as much to do with the failure as
the matter of rates. The low water
was "caused partly by the lack of ef
fectual Improvement of the river by
At present shipments to New Orleans
by river must be transferred at Mem
phis and again at Yicksbur:
linos are making no attempt to secure
through business, having abandoned iti
to the railroads.
One line h-.iving three loats operates
between St. Louis and St 1'aiir in the j
midsummer season, confining Its busi
ness chielly to passenger traffic. Only
one boat, making two trips a week,
operates between St. Louis and I'eo
ria. in the Illinois river, where in the
early seventies steamers were making
President W. A. Bennett of the Cin
cinnati chamber of commerce says that
he thinks most important to the utiliz
ing of the waterways of the coun
try Is legislation to prevent a pooling
of Interests or other arrangements that
practically at present prevent competi
tion between railroads and steamboats.
It Is a well known fact that the rail
roads control the inland river traffic.
F. A. Laidley of Cincinnati, an ex
tensive owner of steamboats, says:
"Itailroad relating of late years has
almost paralyzed liver traffic. We
could not meet the reductions made to
shipirs by conieting lines. The Cin
cinnati and New Orleans Packet line
was put out of existence on this ac
count. In the Cincinnati-Memphis line
we now run two lioats at irregular in
tervals whenever we get a load.
"If the government can do away
with railroad rebating local river traf
fic at this point will pick up 50 per
cent within two years."
FORCE OF GRAVITY.
What Our Average Man Would Weigh
on Mars and on the Sun.
If the planet Mars is really inhabited
the people who live there must be an
exceedingly nimble race. The average
weight of n man is about HO pounds,
but the force of gravity on Mars Is so
much less than on the earth that the
ll' pound man would weigh only fifty
three pounds if he were transported
there. With such light weight and still
retaining the same strength, an individ
ual would be able to run with the speed
of an express train, go skipping over
ten foot walls and do various other
extraordinary things. On the moon a
man would be even lighter.
But on the sun our 110 pound man
would have his trjubles. Instead of
being an airy individual lie would
weigh In the neighborhood of a ton and
three-quarters. lie would probably
have the greatest difficulty in raising
his hand, for that member would weigh
about oOO pounds.
Aluminium, it is generally known, Is
a metallic element found in clay and
is the same material of which rubies,
sapphires, emery and alum are made.
It enters Into the composition of a
large number of other materials, and it
is estimated that in its, various com
pounds aluminium forms about one
twelfth of the crust of the earth. Every
brlclc in every building is said to lie CO
per cent aluminium. It is produced by
the decomposition of Clay, which is a
salt composed of silicic acid combined
with aluminium. 'I lie aluminium is
separated from the silica by the appli
cation of electricity. Separation has
never been successfully done In any
other way. Boston (2 lobe. -
i nave never seen biacksnakes over
seven feet long, and I much doubt If
they grow to a greater length. They
are not hard to catch, though in an
open- field they can nui about as fast
as a man can. When caught they
struggle desperately until they find
there is no opportunity to escape, when
they will give up fighting and may be
handled with impunity. I havenever
found these snakes to be vicious. They
can be handled easily, and their bite la
harmless. They can squeeze pretty
lmrd if they get a turn around your
waist, but not hard enough to break a
bone. Forest and Stream.
A Sardinian Titbit.
The Inhabitants of the mountainous
districts of Sardinia eat large quanti
ties of a fermented milk, resembling
koumiss or kephir. It is prepared by
allowing the milk of the cow, sheep or
goat to ferment at a moderately high
temperature, eitht- spontaneously or
I nfter the addition of baker's yeast, un
til ii tnicKens into a more or less con
sistent homogeneous ' mass, at which
stage the fermentation is stopped by
plunging the vessel into cold -water.
This product, which has a "'sharp acid
flavor. Is eaten either by Itself or Is
spread as a butter upon bread.
' Improved His Opportunity.
Young Mrs. Gotrox (at her first break
fast -with her elderly "catch") You eat
with your knife, don't you, John, dear?
Old Mr. Gotrox (noticing his opportu
nity and with severity and dignity)
moutii. I frequently convey food from
my plate to my facial aperture with
imy knife, but I dr my own eating with
my own exclusive mouth, and until
further notice I will myself furnish all
(he instructions respecting the methods
to le employed.
THE HUMAN BRAIN.
It Neither Originates a Word
Forms a Notion.
Those physiological and suricu!
facts which show that brain matter
has itself no capacity for thought are
of such recent discovery that only a
relatively small number of persons
mostly specialists have the least idea
that the brain neither originates a
word nor forms a notion. Anatomy
and physiology alike indicate that the
brain is never other than the Instru
ment of what in the present state of
science must be called the "personal
ity." The personality is as different
from, a.i separate from, the brain as
the violinist is separate from his vio-
lin. It is not brain which makes man.
Man makes one of his brain hemi
spheres human bv his own labor. If a
human personality entered a young j
chimpanzee's brain where, by the!
way, it would find all the required i
cerebral convolutions that ape could,
then grow Into a true inventor or phi
losopher, for it is the great man who
makes the great brain and not the
great brain which makes the great
man. This is another way of saying
that we can make our own brains- so
far as special functions or aptitudes
are concerned. Human brain matter
does not become human in its powers,
indeed, until the personality within
takes it in hand to fashion it.
What is the "he himself" which thus
takes the mechanism known as the
brain and uses it for thought purpose
as a telegrapher would use a ticker and
a series of wires for the transmission
of messages? In the present state of
anatomy and of pathology, replies lr.
Thomson, in effect, we have here the
greatest mystery connected with the
conscious personality. We know that
the conscious personality or whateer
one pleases to cail it has a material
organ to think with. The conscious
personality does the thinking. The
material organ is the instrument of
thought, and that material organ exists
in two symmetrical halves. It is only
one-half of this organ, however, which
can be used for speech or for recogniz
ing or knowing anything which is ei
ther seen or heard or touched in the
sense of the touch which is educated.
.Ml acquired human endowments
therefore are acquired by modification
of the material comprising the sneak
ing half of the brain. This speaking
half of the bruin did not originally have'
a single one of these great functions,
not a single place in it for them, any
more than its fellow hemisphere has
to the end of its life. They are all
stamped, as it were, each in its re
spective place in the speaking hem
isphere, by a single creative agency.
All words and all knowledge are put
in the brain and arranged there for
use, like N'j many bonks on their brain
shelves by the brain's librarian. Where
he goes when lie locks this library
up and leaves for the night in sleep
we do not know. But one thing is cer
tainnot one of the books made It-elf
or put itself where it properly i;.
ouht'ued the Teller.
There's a young fellow in Harlem
win) is inclined to "throw a bluff," as
they say d:wn in the i'.iwory. A few
days ago he had $",00 to deposit r.tiT
decided he'd change his bank. lie
dropped into a buck that Is well known
to accept no small deposits and told
the teller that be wanted to open an
"We don't accept small deposits,"
said the teller. And bis tone was not
exactly what might be called soothing.
"Who asked you t.j accept a small
deposit?" demanded the youth. "I did
want to start an account with S.lo.OOii.
but I'll go elsewhere." He got out be
fore he could be stopped, leaving the
teller with a look of pain and chagrin
scattered about his countenance. New
It is not always easy to sympathize
with fidgety, highly sensitive persons
like the old lady on the train. She said
to the conductor as he punched her
ticket, "Conductor, is it a fact that the
'locomotive is at the rear of the train
xes, niauam, tne conductor answer
ed. "We have a locomotive at each
end. It titkes one to push and one to
null to L'lt us m this axado.V ."Oh.
e west Easter Styles
At the People's Store you get better styles, better workmanship, better fab
rics and naturally better wear.
One Price CslsH or Credit One Price
America's Largest and Most
Our Rock Island Store, 319-321 20th Street. ::.
near, what shall I do; moaned the old
huly. rip always train sick if I ride
with my back t the locomotive."
English Barmaids. -At
the time of the- Crimean war,
when tkoie was a dearth of young men
for civilian employment, an enterpris
ing Loudon publican engaged an ex
ceedingly handsome irl to serve in his
bar. '1 he Innovation caused considera
ble sensai ion and much adverse com
ment, hut' his business went up with
a bound, -and naturally his example
was wiib-'y followed, llarmaids, hay
ing met a temporary want, were after
ward regarded as a . necessity, ami
their employment became general.
Killed by the Railroads.
A striking editorial paragraph in the
current Harper's Weekly calls atten
tion to the callousness of Americans re
garding the enormous annual list. of
dead and wounded travelers' and em
ployees on the railroads of the United
States. The disquieting statement is
'made that -since the ist of January
tills year YS. persons have been killed
and more than "d;t injured in seven
disasters on five different roads. "The
railroads,'' comments the writer, "have
t!u; strongest possible motives for
'nroldiug Occidents. Shifts that result
in dead passengers and wrecked ma
chinery save neither time nor money.
How our railroad mortality is to bo re
duced Is a question for our railroad ex
perts to solve. And it must be solved.
;Not only in the case cf the railroads.
:but in a hundred 'other fields of our
activities wo Americans are disreputa-h-
wast? of humHn Ilia
To Be Voted at the Election to be Held April 2, 1907
REPUBLICAN PARTY Q DEMOCRATIC PARTY Q SOCIALIST PARTY
mmSmnm suit is
sfeBWI XV ? -
No greater tribute could be piid to the splendid values offered at tlic truly
People's store than the sales made in our store within the past few days.
Intelligent men and women who cherish quality and economy have unan
imously admired the styles of our garments and have pronounced ours to
be the best values in the city.
Values We Offer!!!
Some so-called merchants sacrifice quality for profits;
some shortsighted people sacrifice quality for price; in
telligent people know from past experience that cheap
clothing cannot he good, and that good clothing cannot
bcv cheap. The garments we offer are honest values; at
our prices you cannot duplicate the quality anywhere.
A MEMPHIS LANDMARK.
Old Mart Where Slave !
Bought and Sold.
;htl paintless, seamed j
throughout its masonry, ;
there stands today an old brick build- '
ing on Adams street, midway betweeu j
Main and Second, alxuit which cluster. j
More of history and of change than '
can be compressed into song or story. I
It is situated just on the east of the j
alley midway lietween Main and Si c-j
ond streets and is used as a shelter for
the city prisoners who are worked ua
the rock pile.
If-you will take the trouble'to step
to the westward side of this old build
ing, where it faces the alley, and
glance up along its second story you
nay still discern the inscription, "Ne
gro Mart and 1. ivory Stable," or r.s
much of it as time lias not penciled
out. The last letter of the word "mart"
and the last letter of the word "stable"
are gone. The others are dimmed with
age and might puss unnoticed unless
you look a second time.
Time was when this was a famous
ne-;ro market. It was presided over in
its time by no less a man than General
Forrest himself. Thousands of negroes
were bought and sold within its walls,
and hundreds of thousands of dollars
passed there from buyer to vender.
Memphis Commercial Appeal.
"Let me see," mused the sporting
editor. "What is an incubator?"
"An incubator," replied the agricul
tural editor, "is an. egg plant."
For County Judge:
QliOlJEHT K. KHYXOLDS
For County Surveyor:
R L7M ll HI I ML.
RIGPLE3 CREDIT STORE!
Popular Clothiers. Branch
:: Our Moline Store, 521 Fifteenth Street.
CLEAR AND PURE
19 r- r .
The Process of Filtering
IS SHOWN IN THE CUT BY PERCOLATION THROUGH A
POROUS NATURAL STONE FROM THE UPPER TO THE LOWER
JAR SIMPLY BY THE FORCE OF GRAVITY, WHICH IS NATURE'S "
OWN PROCESS OF FILTERING.
PURE WATER IS ESSENTIAL TO GOOD HEALTH. IF YOU
WISH TO BE HEALTHY, FILTER THE WATER YOU DRINK. -HERE
IS A PERFECT PURIFYING FILTER WITHIN THE REACH
CALL AND EXAMINE THEM AT
Allen, Mrers-& Company
. ( JOHX C. G1BSOX
For County Judge:
For County Surveyor:
iNVinadam: J .do not L eat with mj