Newspaper Page Text
THE ARGUS, FRIDAY, MAY. 24, 1007.
PERIL TO THE NAVY
Peoria Manufacturer Regards
Powder Reserve Menace
to Fighting Ships.
ALWAYS LIABLE TO EXPLODE
R. S. Waddell Tells President of
Smokeless Powder's Tendency
to Explode at Any Time.
Iu on open letter recently mailed to
President .Roosevelt, the secretary of
war and the secretary of navy. IJ. S.
Waddell, president of n powder com
pany of I'eoiia, III., makes some star
tling declarations concerning the
smokeless pow-der supply of the army
and navy, alleging not only that mil
lions of dollars are being wastvrd by
the government. lut that every war
ship in the navy Is in cniisiant danger
of annihilation because of the tendency
of smokeless powder to explode from
spontaneous combustion when the prod
uct gets old. says a Peoria special dis
patch to the Chicago Kecurd-IIerulil.
He tiroes that government powder
factories are an imperative necessity,
and in support of his contentions
against the present-system presents an
array of facts and figures based on
reports of olticial investigations show
ing that the powder deteriorates wiih
age aud a reserve srock not only be
comes worthless, but a menace.
About a year ago the government de
cided that, on account of delays of
manufacture it takes six months to
dry smokeless powder for use and
the limited number of factories, to ac
cumulate a large reserve stock in the
government magazines and aboard the
battleships. The reserve supply was
fixed ' at approximately So.ooiMkmi
pounds, and about one-fourth of this
quantity, according to Mr. Waddell. is
now on hand. At the present price, (!!
cents a pound, paid by the government
to the private enterprise which holds
the eoutiaet, the oO.tmo.oitO pounds will
The consumption of powder in tar
get practice by the army and navy.
Mr. Wuddell says, is about 1,.'iI.ikii
pounds a year, and at this ratio if the
oldest powder is used from the stock
on. lmujl.the supply would be complete-
Do you ;vLe!y your ex
penditure Vcr detfcir rto a cartcin
Azyvcy, yea ci.5:i lo
be a ciiilcai :)fycr
priiri fh? ilsnt 1l:e nrirf
The makers cf Cloth;raft aim
af two points quality and
low price. TiieLglicrtl.cy r.;a!.c
lilt; Ujuu'iiy iu iiit ionii tuc
rjrice lite better osed t!:cv arc.
AH Clothcraf t garKerrti re zA $
wool bui the all vcolcn r.:aic-
rials ere sLruni; fcy tU specis! $
ClotSicraft f.racccs. Every Liicf r'
vcrk V. : ticsIgaiKf:. ilz cltitij; 3
r.d il:c tIIoriiij crc czch la fa
TU. ii iCj:.i-u ... ....i l. H.G fl
wake?; the V.r.zi t .M jcur-
neyrccn v.lio f.ra as exacting i:i v
mak'ii.'j the b'Jllcii c!cr, cru in o
sh::-'.. ;- th; c:lb: an Hz? r.;e
a rcfjitini ?vcrv otitci" rietaiJ.
Thai's vi.y Catlxrcfi CViiics $
prove tiie Lwi la criiica i v:a;er:.
Tho Cloihcraft Sp.-i.av tyo ?
!- : '" ; :-x f
!, .. -jfizyJ
t -. 1 .r, ,'!
i V. .-.V '. ;;;! r.
z z y 2
ly' renewed once In twenty years", and
thus the average age of all the iowder
would be twenty years, provided no
war ensues and the powder does not
explode from spontaneous combustion.
Mr. Waddell asserts that, according
to official reports, the Japanese battle
ship MIkasa, Admiral Togo's flagship,
was exploded and sunk,, .with heavy
loss of lie, by .the Spontaneous com
bustion of old smokeless powder in its
magazines and that the loss of the
French battleship Iena, which explod
ed at Toulon two months ago, with a
loss of 117 lives, was due to the same
iuillll Subject to f hanc.
He also submit.; in connection with
Ms claim that all the chemical com
pounds known as smokeless powders
are subject to constant change, deteri
oration and spontaneous explosions by
changes in temiieraturo and other cli
matic conditions, the report of mem
bers of the ordnance research commit
tee of (treat l.ritain bearing oui his
assertions by actual tests. Tie then
Wi'l the adniln'stration await the
almost certain explosion of one or
move American battleship; or maga
zines, with consequent casualties, or
piolit by the wisdom and experience
of other first class naval authorities
and the opinion of experts?
"Is it not manil'otly unwise and im
Kafe to continue the present policy of
creating a large reserve of powder that
is sine to deteriorate sind render the
gi nnery defective if no l'atalhies re
sullV Of this ih; probabilities are
against the ;;ove: i!!i:ent."
lie argues that should it be resolved
by the govortimciit to change the pol
icy and maintain a reserve of, say,
C.mii.u'o pounds, renewable in four
years, largely increased facilities for
rapid iiianiil'actui e must be provided,
and no prhaie industry would expend
the vast sums necessary in plants to
V'inaiii idle awaiting th; indefinite
contingency of a war to operate them.
Mr. Waddell maintains that the navy
unit war department plants can now
produce suilicient powder for current
use, but th:t i:i the event of war one
first class battleship could use up in
thirty minutes double the amount that
all the privately owned plants can pro
duce iu twenty-four hours. In case of
actual war. he says, more than twenty
times the capacity of the present com
mercial plants would be required t'o
provide fresh powder, and in time of
peace it is folly to continue to manu
facture and store an article that would
be found worthless in emergency.
Mr. Waddci! in conclusion advocates
the establishment of government fac
tories, whiet could lie idle rn times of
peace, except forkeeping up an ordi
iiary reserve. The cost he estimates) at
from mi to .s.Wo.otm ami the
expense of care and niaint-'iiance s'.I.'ht
and holds that even , the interest and
depredation on this Investment by the
government would not equal the inter
est on over So.tNNi.tKMt invested in .re
serve powder under the present sys
tepi. which, he says, will in all proba
bility net a total Joss and leave tho
navy and the nation helpless in time of
DEVIL'S TOWER A RESERVE.
A Queer Rock Formation In North
President Koosovelt has issued an or
der setting aside the IoviI"s tower, a
peculiar geographical formation in
northeastern Wyoming, as a national
monument and a federal reserve,
writes a Icadvood correspondent of
the St. Paul Pioneer-Press. Nearly
2.ihh) acres of land also are set aside
with the tower. This reserve will be
under the care of the general land of
fice of that district, no entries will be
allowed on it, and every effort will be
made to protect the tower from in
jury. This Itevil's tower is a chimney-like
mountain of rock that rises Siy) feet
above the surrounding country ami for
almost rtnt feet is nearly perpendicular
and devoid of any growth of vegeta
tion. I he top of the tower is large
enough iu area for a baseball team
to play a good game and is covered
with a scant soil formed from the dis
integrated rock and bearing moss, cac
tus and feriTs.
Two men are known to have climbed
this tower at the risk of their lives.
One of tlieni was .Tack Pogers, an old
cowboy, and the other was Arthur
Jobe, a young engineer for the llome
Btake Mining company.
The tower stands on the bank of the
upper P.elle I'ourche river and has been
for years one of the landmarks of tho
country. It was at one time included
in an entry made by Miss Kent, an
Englishwoman, who filed on a home
stead including this mountain. This
entrv afterward was canceled.
WELLMAN TO TAKE DOGS.
Sledding Equipment to Go In North
Pole Explorer's Balloon.
In a letter recently printed m tho
Chicago Ivocord-Ilerald and bearing a
Parts dateWalter Wellnian tells of the
novel features- aoil his changed plans
for his dash to the north pole this fall.
The greatly increased amount of food
that will lie carried necessitated a big
increase In the weight of the airship
which he will use, for the voyage in
the air and the details of changes and
the provisions made for sledging oper
ations are told at length. In his letter
"We are glad to be able to aunounee
that when the America starts north
ward from our headquarters in Spits
bergen, as we hope and believe she
will start late next July or in the ear
ly part of August, the grand t:tal
weight carried in the air or dragging
over the surface of the earth, gliding
on the ice or swimnfhig in the water,
will be upward of ten and a half tons,
or more than 21,000 pounds."'
While firmly believing that the big
balloon will carry the party to the
Dole jmd. 8outh.w.Ard again. In. fitety.
Wcllmah says that to nrovfde acainst
every possible contingency a complete
sledging equipment, dogs, sleds nwl
nil. ivill be enrned on the aerial voy
age. Then if the big balloon should
full when. tr instance, within fifty
miles of the polo, the journey could be
continued over the icethat is. if the
journey from a dizzy height in the air
to the lee is made without mishap.
BRAVE WOMAN'S WILD RIDE.
Mounts Unbroken Colt and Flags Train
Nearing Burning Bridge.
Alone on her farm and unable with
out assistance to extinguish the flames
of a burning bridge, Iora .Tasper
mounted, an unbroken colt and rode
three miles over Mils and gullie9 to
warn the crew of the fast mail trniu
that but for her warning would have
crashed through the burned trestle,
says a Memphis (Tenn.) special dis
patch to the New York Times.
Mrs. Jasper's farm is near Eureka
Springs, Ark., on the Missouri and
North ArkanRns railway, When Mrs.
Jasper first noticed that the trestle
bridge over a branch of White river
had been fired by the sparks of a pass
ing freight she attempted single hand
ed to put out the Maze. Finding this
Impossible, she ran to her barn. Every
auimal and every saddle and bridle
was in use with the sole exception of
a wild, unbroken colt and one rope
! .Bareback aud halter bridled. Mrs.
we -v y v.
and Harrison Sts.
Clothes for Decoration Day. Prepare!
M MB M
Outing Suits, Cool Shirts, Light Underwear, Novelty
Neckwear, Fancy Hosiery, Straw Hats, Belts
SUMMER dress now begins to claim attention. And we've prepared
for your summer outfitting with a wealth of attractive, suitable apparel-distinctive
modes from the exclusive shops. We mention a few items
which are suggestive of ease and comfort during the grilling hot months
Special values at $ 1 5
The Blue Hergo Two-pioco Outing Suit is tlio
ideal summer garment. Our featherweight suits
combine excellence of tailoring with extreme
price moderation. We offer some very special
values in two-piece suits, coats half lined and
draped full and easy trousers peg top and iit
ted in the waist line all wool (h 1 C
serges special at .P -J
Men's and Youths' Summer Toggery
Our Shirt display for summer includes a num
ber of attractive innovations. Brighter colors
are much in evidence, and there is a distinct
trend towards novelty effects. Silks in plain
and fancy shades, mohairs: madras shirts in
beautiful contrasting shades and the ever pop
ular black and white ligured effects. Negligee
shirts with turn back cuffs; pleated coat shirts,
cuffs attached or separate. ; d 1
Tastv patterns from $4.50 to .-. '
The favorite colors for spring are new shades
of tan and brown and novelty effects in plaids;
and stripes: also solid colors.
exquisite range at T)0c and
IN THE CHILDREN'S PARLOR
now our beautiful assortment of wash fabrics is the chief item
interest in the Children's Parlor.
Peter Pan Waists
The new Blouse Waist for boys and children, A comprehensive exhibit of the newest styles,
ages 1 to 1(3. Made with low neck and short "Wash Suits for boys, including the Bussian
turn back sleeves. Some with sailor collar and blouse. Sailor blouse, double breasted blouse,
tie attached. Colors are white, blue, d 1 and Sailor Bussan styles. A dainty cj 1
cream and fancy stripes; $1.50 and P ' selection of wash fabrics from $4.50 to. .. .P
jasper "rode at raring speed to the
switch, which she reaclxd in time to
flag the train. Itesidcs the train crew
aud fully loo passengers, a high offi
cial of tho road was on the train.
His lirst order was for the finest
side saddle to be obtained, with a suit
able inscription stamped on the flap, to
commemorate her bravery.
The word 'barbecue"' is derived from
the Spanish word "barbacao" aud is n
native Haitian term for a wooden
framework supporting meat or fish to
be smoked or dried over a fire. In
its popidar sense it means a large so
cial or political entertainment in tho
open air at which sheep or oxeu aro
roasted whole and all the feasting Is
on a most liberal scale. Ceorgla is
probably the native home of the bar
becue and is called the P.arbecue State.
Who prepared the first barbecue is un
known. Peer, lear and other game
constituted the meat roasted in the
barbecues of fifty years ago. Cincin
The Butcher's Smock.
The butcher's smock was blue. It
looked much neater than the white
smocks of his friends, all smeared with
dried Mood. "Every butcher," said the
man, "ought to wear a blua smock.
Why? t Because dry blood won't show
on. it. Dry Mood turns bluish, and ou
a smock of this color It is invisible I
am descended from a long line of
sold bv few stores under $22.
At the S. & L. for
shades. Fancy embroidered effects to
C wear with those low shoes, 50e and ..
SIMON & LANDAUER
butchers,-and from. father to son the
word has been passed down always to
wear, for neatness' sake, a smock of
blue." New Orleans Times-Democrat.
To cut broad into dice before frying,
if it is to be used as croutons, is not
the most approved method. When done
in this way it becomes very hard aud
indigestible. The bread should rather
be cut Into thin slices and then stamp
ed out in circles a little larger than n
quarter or cut into squares of about
the same size or in oblongs two Inches
long and over one-half inch thick.
Tiiesoi tossed Into hot lard and taken
out almost Instantly in the frying
basket are tho most palatable.
In southern India marriage with In
animate oldtcts Is not altogether un
known. A man who has lost two
wives and wishes to marry another
will go through a formal marrlago
ceremony with a plantain tree, which
Is afterward cut down. This stands
for the third tnarrlage. which is con
sidored inauspicious, and the man feels
free to make a fourth marriage with a
The Modern Version.
"I want my boy to be able to earn
his own living."
"To earn it, Mr. Merger?" .
"Well, to get if 'Washington Her
Men's Spring Suits
Special values at $ 1 8
At this price you may choose from an array of
the season's choicest offerings in two or three
piece suits, blue serges, grays in conservative
and fancy shades and neat mixtures of tan and
brown; fine fabrics thoroughly tailored. At .f 18
we offer a selection of men's and youths'
The new Underwear will keep you cool in hot
weather. Union Suits of white lisle with no
sleeves and knee length. Two-piece suits of tine
nainsook linen. The shirts are without sleeves
and open down the front. Drawers are knee
length and loose lifting. Balbriggans A
in blue, pink, grey, cream and ecru at . . vC
XewIIose imported from France and Germany.
Lisles in blue, lavender, tan, wine and reseda
A little Koilol taken occasionally, es
pecially after eating, will relieve sour
stomach, bclrhins ad heartburn. J
IT. Jones, of Newport. Tenn., says three
Malaria is an atmospheric poison which we unconsciously breathe Into
onr system. The blood in its constant passage through the lungs absorbs the
germs, and they destroy the rich, red corpuscles of this vital fluid and reduce
it to such a weak, watery condition that it is unable to properly nourish the
system, and disease gets a foothold. Then the symptoms of Malaria, such
as pale, sallow complexions, weak vitality, poor appetite, deranged digestion,
and perhaps chills and fever show that the trouble is affecting every part of
the body. Malaria also affects the liver, producing a chronic state of bilious
ness, and often a long spell of fever follows when the blood becomes fully
contaminated with the poison. Chronic Sores and Ulcers, boils, aches and
pains, and skin affections of various kinds often result from this insidious
disease if the poison is allowed to accumulate in the blood in sufficient quan
tities. Malaria must be removed from the system through the circulation,
and for this purpose nothing equals S. S. S. This great remedy goas down
into the blood and drives out all germs, microbes and poisons, and perma
nently cures Malaria, S. S. S. not only cleanses the blood of the cause, but
furnishes it with the healthful properties it needs, so that instead of a weak,
germ-infected stream, spreading disease throughout the system, it becomes
a rich, red fluid, nourishing the body and enabling it to resist disease.
S. S. S. is also the greatest of all tonics, and builds up and invigorates the
entire system while ridding the blood of the germs of Malaria. Persons who
are suffering from Malaria will be pleased with the prompt and pleasant re
sults produced by the use of S. S. S., and can take it with confidence because
it is an absolutely safe medicine, being free from harmful minerals of any
kind. Book on the blood and any medical advice desired sent free to all
who write. THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA,
bottles of Kodol cured him of dyspep
sia. It is sold here by ail druggists.
All Ihe news all the time The Argus.
RIDS THE SYSTEM
o OF MALARIA