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FIFTV-SIXTII YKAU. NO. -JO-J.
THE ARGUS, MONDAY, JUNE 10. 1907.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
WOULD MAKE INCOMES AND
INHERITANCES PAY WELL
JAPANESE ARE WARLIKE;
HUGE CONSPIRACY SEEN
President Comes Out for
New Form of Revenue
SPEAKS TO EDITORS
Puts In Busy Day With Two Ad
dresses, Receptions, Reviews
and Other Functions.
Noifolk, Va., .June H. Brought back
to t lie Jamestown exposition lv the
formal opening of Bulloch hail, the an
cestral home of his mother a; Kos
well, (la., and re produced h tc as ill '
Georgia state building. President Koas.'
velt today was for tne second time tile
central ligure of attraction on the ex
position program. Outside features ar
ranged in connect urn with the cclcbr:;
tion of Georgia day by military and
naval spectacle was not greatly di -similar
to that which marked the visit
of the president when the exposition
was thrown open April l'C.
Arrhi'-i on lii llwttt-r.
The president a; rived with a special
paity, including Mis. Uoosevelt, on the
Mayflower at S:2 a. ni. After receiv
ing the Georgia ollicials on hoard with
them as his quests and reviewing the
fleets assembled at Hampton Roads, he
landed at the exposition grounds at 11.
He made a speech as pari of the Geor
gia day exercises in the forenoon and
wlil make another at the convention of
the Nrtional Editorial association in
the auditorium this afternoon.
I'lit lu Hum' I ii.
He reviewed a parade of military ami
naval forces, visited the negro exhibit,
participated in the presentation of a
silver service by the state to the bat
tleship Georgia, attended a reception
given at the Georgia building by Geor
gians alone in honor of himsilf and
Mrs. Roosevelt, and visiteti informally
the New York state building. He will
depart for Washington at
I'uvttrn Form of Tax.
The president came out squarely for
a graduated income tax and a national
inheritance tax. Ho said:
"Most great civilized countries have
an income tax and an inheritance tac.
In my judgment, both should be part
of our system of federal taxation. I
speak diffidently about the income tax
because one scheme for an income tax
was declared unconstitutional by the
supreme court by a five to four vote;
and in addition it is a difficult tax to
administer in its practical workings,
and great care would have to he e-xov. j
cised to see that it was not evaded by!
the very man whom it is most desirable'
to have taxed, fur if so evaded it would
of course he worse than no tax at a!!,
.as the least desirable of all taxes is the,
tax which hears heavily upon the hon-,
est as compared with the dishonest
Still HlIN IIM. j
"Nevertheless, a graduated income
tax of the proper type would he a de-
sirablc permanent feature of federal
taxation, and I still hope that one may
be devised which the supreme court
will declare constitutional.
"In my judgment, however, the in
heritance tax is both a far better meth
od of taxation, and far more important
for the purpose I have in view the
purpose of having the swollen fortunes
of the country bear in proportion to
their size a constantly increasing bur
den of taxation.
"These fortunes exist solely because
of the protection given the owners by
the public. They are a constant source
of care and anxiety to the public and
it is eminently just that they should be
forced to pay heavily for the protection
given them. It is, of course, elemen
tary that the nation has the absolute
right to decide as to the terms upon
which any man shall receive a bequest
or devise from another. We have re
peatedly placed such laws on our own
statute hooks, and they have repeated
ly been declared constitutional by the
MhiiiM lie 1'rnKrennlvr.
"I believe that the tax should con
tain the progressive principle. What
ever anv individual receives whether
by gift, bequest, or devise, in life or in
death, should, after a certain amount is
reached, be increasingly burdened; and
the rate of taxation should be increas
ed in proportion to the remoteness of
blood of the man receiving from the
man giving or devising. The principle
of this progressive taxation of inheri
tance has not only been authoritatively
recognized by the legislation of con
gress, but it is now unequivocally
adopted in the leading civilized nations
f the world in. for instance. Great
Britain, France, and Germany.
"In the United States the natioivil
go .eminent has more than once im
posed inlieri:ance taxes in addition to
those imposed by the slates, and in
the last instance about one-half of the
states levied .-iieh taxes coneum ntiy
with the national government, making
a combined maximum rate, in some
caxs as high as pi r cent: anil, as a
mailer of fact, several states adopt el
inhi i it ante tax laws for the first time
while the national law was stiil in
force and unrepealed. The French law
luu one feature which i-: to be heartily
commended. Tile progre.-sivc principle
is si i applied that each hiuher rate is
imiRised only on the. excess above the
amount subject to the next lower rate.
This plan is peculiarly adapted to the
working out of the theory of using the
inheritance tax for the purpose of lim
iting tile size of inheritable fortuiKs.
since ihe pro-.ii cssive increase in the
rates, according to this mode, may be
curried to its logical coiiHu-d-m in a
maximum rate of nearly luit per cent
for the amount in excels of a specified
sum. without beiim confiscatory as to
the rest of the inheritance; for each
increase ill rate would apply only to
the amount above a certain maximum.
I It'll r llnrtl Ou Oiitsiilt-rs.
"I do not believe that any advantage
comes i t he r to the couniiy as a whole
or to the individuals inheriting the
money by permitting the traiir-inissio.i
in their entirely of such enormous for
tunes as have been accumulated ill
America. The tax cou'.d be ma le to
bear more heavily upon p rsons. resid
ing out of the country than upon those
residing within it.
"Such a heavy progressive tax is of
course in no shape' i r way a tax on
thrift or industry, for thrift and indus
try have ciased to possess any meas
urable importance in the acipiisii ion of
the swollen fortunes of which I spi al:
long hi fere the lax would in any way
seriously affect them. Such a tax
would he one of the methods by which
we should try to prist rvo a metiMttabie
equality of opportunity for the people
of the generation growing to manhood.
As Lincoln pointed out. there are soino
lespects in which nun are obviously
not equal; but there is no reason whv
there should not be an equality of seif
respect and mutual respect, an equality
of rights before the law, and at least
an approximate equality in the condi
tions under which i ach man obtains
the chance to show the stuff that is in
him when compared with his fellows.''
Aililri-NH ti .'ri;iiins.
to the Georgians, tne p res-
ident said: I
"Th re i- incrca.-ing need that the
welfare of the children should be ef- (
fectivcly safeguarded by governmental ;
action; with the pioviso. however, that j
this action si.a'.l be takt n with know!-:
edge and in a spirit of robust common (
sense; for philanthropy, whether gov
ernmental or individual, i.; a cur.-e and .
not a blessing when marked ny a spin:
of foolish sentimentality and inuoranc j
Ih liK-i ioililf Oulurovvtli.
"Such governmental action is merely
one inevitable result of the- ever-increasing
growth of our complex industrial
ism. Decade by di cade, it becomes
more n cessary tha without soerilie-
lng their lndiviuual independence, ine
people of this country shall recogniz-?
in mere effective form their mutual
interdep( ndt nee. and the duty of safe
guarding the interest of each in the
ultimate interest of all.
"We have inheri'ed and developed a
superbly self-reliant individualism in
this country. I most earnestly hope
that it w ill not be lost, that n will never
be ( xchangt d lor a deadening social
ism. The only permanently beneficial
way in which to help anyone is to help
him to help himself; if either private
charity, or governmental action, or any
form of social expression destroys the
individual's power of self help, the
gravest possible wiong is really done
to the individual. j
uuiiot '1 rust ImlivliIniiN.
"Nevertheless, as the conditions of
life grow more complex, it is not pos
sible to trust our welfare orriy to the
unbridled individual initiative of each
unit of our population working as that
unit wills. We need laws for the care
of our children which were not needed
when this country was in its infancy.
We need laws for the control of vast
corporations such as were not needed
when the individual fortunes were far
smaller than at present, and when
these fortunes were not combined for
business use. In the same way we
need to change our attitude toward
labor problems from what that attitude
was in the days when the great hulk
of our people lived in the country with
no more complex labor relations than
is implied in the connection between
the farmer and the hired help.
"For example, Ihe great increase in
mechanical and manufacturing opera
tions means a corresponding increase
in the number of accidents to the
wage-workers employed therein, these
including both preventable and inevita
ble accidents. To the ordinary wage-
worker's family such a calamity means
Held Hitter Injustice.
"As the work is done for the em
ployer, and therefore ultimately for th'j
Peaceful Rising of French Wine
Growers Causes Much
ANAKCHY THREATENS SOUTH
Mayors of Cities Resign Government
Cannot Interfere Because There
is no Disorder.
Paris. June l't. The revolt of Mi
tt ine growing population in Sou h
France which goes into effect today i-
causing considerable apprehension- i
gove: anient i ire' s. l'- terms of the
rt solutions adopted by half a mill i-m
li( olde at Montpelicr jesterday al! d
licials must resign today and the in
habitants refu.-e to pay taxes uuh-s.-patlian.ent
Several mayors resigned last nigh!
and if this example is fo'.!.;'.v'd a con
dition bordering on anarchy will re
suit and the- civil governau nt w i " !
ci ase to reign in four departmen s.
The situation is all the more giave be
cause it is bi ing unacconipaiwi-.l ' '
disordeis and furni.-hes the govci'l
tucnt n pretext to report to force',
public, it is a bitter injustice that i:
.pt Mil 1 be ihe wage-worker liimsi If and
his wife and childrin who bear the
whole penalty. Legislation should be
Lad. alike irom the melon an 1 from
the start s, not only to guard against
the needless multiplication of tin so ac
cident, but to relieve the linancial
.-uft ring due to them.
"Las, winter congress passed a safvty
appliauee law which marked a lon-j
stride- in the right direction. Put there
: hould be additional legislation to se
i are pecuniary compensation to work
men suffering from accidents, and when
they are killed, to their families. At
prtsejit, both in the sphere covered by
national legislation and in the sphere
(nrercd bv state legislation, the law la
too many rases leaves the financial
burden of industrial accident:; to bo
horn.' by the injured workmen ami their
families ; ami a workman who suffers
from an accident either has no case at
all for redress or else must undertake
a suit for damages against his em
ployer. The present practice is based
on the view announce. 1 nearly seventy
yea l.-. a-ai that 'principles of justice
and good sense demand that a work
man shall take upon himself all the
ordinary risks of his occupation.' In
my view, principles of justice and good
reuse demand the very reverse of this
view, which experience has proved to
be unsound and productive of wide
Are l.rnnt Mile ; Heiir It.
"It is neither just, expedient, nor hu
mane; it is revolting to judgment and
sentiment alike, that the financial bur
den of accidents occurring because of
the necessary exigencies of their daily
occupation should be thrust upon those
sufferers who are least able to bear it.
and that such remedy as is theirs
The Tri-City Press Club
Respectfully invites the people of Rock Island,
Moline and Davenport to Meet
HONORABLE WILLIAM H. TAFT
Secretary of War.
GENERAL WILLIAM CROZIER
Chief of Ordnance.
Tuesday Afternoon, June 11, from 5 to 6 o'clock, at the Rock
Island Arsenal Golf Club House.
Colonel Blunt, in behalf of the Golf Club, has tendered the use
of the club house for this occasion.
During the hour of the reception and immediately before, the
entrances to the arsenal will be open to the residents of the three
cities without passes.
JOHN SUNDINE. President.
E. P. RUNDQUIST, Secretary.
Reported He Will Refuse
to Tell of Alleged
PRISONER AT BOISE
Western Miners Meet at Den
ver Will Sustain T heir
Poise, .lulie lb. Steve Adams,
ed associate- of Harry Orchard in
some of his
t imes, reached Poise
charge of a deputy
l.rv. i: i -.
I'd on tite
e ouuty ja.:i.
has made up
to testify when pi
ywnod tual with ()
Wi'Hli'rn llim-r lirt-t.
iK'iiver, Col., .luiii' lu. Two hundred
deli-gates to tiie Pi'h annual conven
tion of tiie Western reder.iti.ui of .Min
ers were' present today when Acting
Pre: id- n; t". P. .Mahoiicy called the
assi n:by to order. The sessions con
tinue 15 days.
l-'iultt on onirt-r.
No e-pp.isition to the continuing i-i
cilice of Preside lit Charle s 11. .Mover
and Secretary-Treasure;- William P.
Haw i od has been oxpressi d by any
deli'gate's. and the convention is ex
pi'cted to go on record with a strong
cador. 'im-nt of the imiiri.-one.i ofticials
who arc charged with complicity in the
lii in .It-r of le.rnier Cove,aor hieui.cn
berg of Ielaho.
should only be obtained by litigation
wliie-h now burdens our courts.
"As a matter of fact, there is no
sound economic reason for distinction
betwien accidents caused by negli
gence ami those which are unavoida
ble', and the law should be such that
the payment of those accidents will be
coine automatic instead of being a lual-u.-r
for a lawsuit."
Norfolk, Va.. dune In. Princess
Anne- Hote l at Virginia beach burnt-1
today. Over fifty guests had narrow
escapes. Two negro chambt rmaitls are
missing. The Not folk and Southern
railroad depot was also destroyed. The
hiss is $lun.it'iM.
PRIZES ARE GIVEN
Seven Winners in North Ameri
can Skat Tournament at
NEW YORK GETS NEXT MEET
Charles Kohwich Secures $1,000 Bond
as Highest Tro
phy. Chicago. .1 mie lc. Winners of the
first seven prizes awarde'd by the North
Ameiican Skat league, which held a
tournament here Saturday and yester
day, we re announced today. Othi'r win
ners will be announced tonight. The
winners are :
Chailes Kohwick, 'Jli games, 7e'J
H. L. Schoi ndorfer, Cleveland, M'O
I. Whitelild. Pekin, 111., spade so'.j
against in liiatadores.
A. .1. Hansen, South Chicago, 22
games. (,2 1 points.
Charles .lungran. Milwaukee, S20
Pi e'd Wendel, Milwaukee, high game,
C. (lorlitz, spade solo against lu mat
'Ihe first prize was a United States
$1.0(1(1 gold bond. The second was a
$75n piano, and the third a $5n0 silver
orl tii-tH rxt I'nneri'SN.
New Yol k was awarded the Pb'S con
gress of tiie league at the annual meet
PART INDIAN FOR
Democrats of Oklahoma Nominate
Robert L. Owen and Roy V. Hoff
man Governor in Doubt.
CliithrieOkla., June In. The resuUs
of the democratic primaries as resanis
the governorship will probably not bo
definite ly known until late- today. C.
N. Haskell of Muskogee, and Pi e
Cruce of Ardmore, each claim it by
about lo.uun. For United Slates sen
ators in the state of Oklahoma. Rob
ert L. Owen of Muskogee and Hoy V.
Hoffman of Chandler, appear to have
won the nominations by safe plurai-
Owen is one-eighth Cherokee.
FEDERAL COURT STEPS IN
Quietly Takes Charge of Affairs of Chicago-New
York "Air Line."
Chieago, June lu. With the arrival
of a receiver yesterday to take charge
of the property of the Chicago-New
York Electric Air Line, it became
known that the United States court
had taken charge of the concern. The
company has laid only a fe w miles of
the track on which it proposes te run
trains between Chicago and New York
in 10 hours. The order naming the re
ceiver was ente red late Saturday after
nion by Judge Sanborn of the United
States circuit court. That such an or
der bad been made did not become
known until Ceorge F. Hull of Indian
apolis, the newly appointed receiver, ar
rived in Chicago in the morning and
assumed control of the general offices
of the company in ihe Monadnock building.
NEW TRAINS MAKE
THEIR FIRST RUNS
Limited Service Inaugurated Sunday
Between St. Paul and St. Louis
by Way of Peoria.
The new time card went into effert
on the Hock Island yesterday, and l'!,r
the lirst time a limited train betwien
St. Paul and Sr. Louis passed through
this city for St. Louis by way of Peo
ria, heaving lure at f.:Pi yesterd iv
morning. The train for St. Louis is
known as the St. Louis Southea.-tein
Special, while the north bound traia.
which leaves here for St. Paul at
o'clock in the evening, js known as the
Minnesota Special. The- train provid-.s
an excellent service, and carrb s tii'j
best of equipment. Cafe ears are ca--lied
on both trains and all liunis serv
ed eliroute. The new Ilt-nver train at
1:15(1 in the afternoon also . ft here o:
its lirst run yc-tuday.
Slight changes went into tJYeit oa
the Purlington yesterday. No. :s
leaves for St. Louis at ;:.'15 in the
morning, insttad of at ti:S5. as now.
No. 52 leaves for the south in the eve
ning at 7:25 instead of at 7:2o as now
No. 47 departs for the north in the eve
ning at S:15 instead of at 7:11".
REFERS THECASE TO
MASTER IN CHANCERY
Judge Chamberlain Fails to Pass
Competency of Mrs. Mary
Concord, N. IL, June '. Judge
Chamberlain today ordered Mrs. Mary
Haki r C. lMdy's competency determin
ed by iiiaster-in-chiine-t-ry with the lo
tion brought by relatives for an ac
counting of Mrs. Eddy's property.
JUDGE DUNN WINS SEAT
ON THE SUPREME BENCH
Charleston Man, Nominee of Republi
cans, Receives Majority Estima
ted at 11,000.
Plooniington. 111., June 10. Judge F.
K. Dunne of Charleston, the republican
nominee, was elected Sai unlay to the
Illinois supreme court from the Third
judicial district, to succeed the late
Judge Jacob W. Wilkin of Danville.
His term will expire iu 1H15. His ma
jority over Judge Cre ighton. who was
named by the democrats, is estimated
RESULTS OF EXAMINATION
County Superintendent Announces
Highest Grades in Finals.
S. J. Ferguson, county superintends:
of schools, has announced that tk
four pupils ranking highest in tie:
township final examinations conduced
in the count v Mar lu. were Florcr.t
iii.-?iicii , cuiiui jvuciy is.uiiei. rviiine-i me
Xeuffer, Coe. Bessie door. South Kor-k
Island, and Herbert Canity of Coal
Valley, the pupils ranking in the oreU-r
of their names. The following receive '
the highest and next highest grade in
the different township school districts;
Cordova, -', 2 E. Charlotte Smi h
Coe, 19, 2 E. Katherine Xeuffer,
first; Edna 11. Ege, second.
Hampton, IS, 1 E. Blanche Good'.-,
first; Thomas Chambers, second.
South Moline and Coal Valley, 17, 1
W. Herbert Canity, lirst; Inez Lar
Black Hawk and South Rock Island.
17, 2 W. Florence Brasher, first; Bes
sie Gloor, second. -
Rural. 1C. 1 W. Hazel McKeag,
first; Emma Hausch, second.
Bowling, lfi. 2 W. Florence John
ston, first; Francis Wiggin. second.
Edgington, 1(1. o W. Margery Hof
er, first; Carrie Pearson, second.
Andalusia, 17, 3 W. Charies Bur
goyne, first; Alpha Cole, second.
Drury Arizona Watson, first, Ethel
REV. HEDLEY HALL WILL QUIT
Moline Unitarian Pastor Declines to
Consider Call for New Year.
Rev. Hedley Hall, pastor of the Fir-t
Unitarian church in Moline tor the la -n
(j years, yesterday announced to his
congregation that he would not consid
er a call for another year. Trustees f
the church voted to as;k him to reconsider.
Said to be for Po
AIM AT NEW DYNASTY
Radical Statement Credited to
Viscount Tani-Denled in
l'okio. June lo. Viscount Tani. lead
er of the opjiosition in the house of
peers, and head of the defense of Ku
maiiioto in the Satsuma rebellion, is
reported, to have said anent the Amer
"The persecution of the Japanese in
San Francisco is a most wicked ac
Should diplomacy fail lo bring about a
satisfactory sojtition the only way open
to us is an appeal to arms. Our mind
is firmly made up. It is certain tint
America will yield, for its people ara
radically coninieicial in their senti
ment." Iay No (.corral Idea.
How much Viscount Tani represents
public sintiment it is difficult to esti
mate at the present time.
The Hochi said the "'San FranciscD
outrages" should be considered as .f
Continuing it said :
"The San Francisco incident concerns
not only the rights of the Japanese
there but the honor of Japan. Our de
mand must be firmly insisted upon anil
sentimental .consiflciaiioiis set aside."
l-'intl 'niirii-y in alilnicln.
Washington. 1). C, June lu. Evi
dence of w hat is alleged to be a gigan
tic conspiracy between the Japanese
on the l'acific coast and the progres
sives, a political party in Japan, hav
ing for its object the overthrow of the
present ministry at Tokio, the annul
ment of the exclusion clause in the im
migration bill, and the forcing of an
apology from America for the "San
Francisco outrages." was unearth -"1 -here
Tiie preliminary steps in furtherance
of the plan will, it is said, be t.!fte i-i-duccment
of the home government te
recall Viscount Aoki. the mikado's am
bassador to America, on the charge of
treason to his nation in neglecting to
insist upon justice iu the fnited Stat :s
for his countrymen. -.':
llrnirn Ike- Mary.
Seattle. Wash., June lb? Charles T.
Takahash;. vice president of the Orie.i
tal Trading company of this city, who
went to Washington as representative
of the Japanese oa the Pacific coast to
confer witYi Ambassador Aoki on the;
proposed tnutual1 exclusion treaty, says
there Is no truth in the reports coi
tained Iri the dispatch from Washing
ton reporting the alleged conspiracy to
overthvbw the present administration
in Japan. f
BOXERS ARE AGAIN
ACTIVE IN CHINA
North of Empire Sees Revival of Bloody
Work City of South China
Victoria. IJ. C. June K. The steam
er Bellenton has brought news of a
revival of boxerism in north China.
1Ieav loss ot UIe ls reported irom
i i- i' i i . . .
iveuwin. twangst, south China, as a
result of a sudden subsidence of part
of a large walled city.
A large area of simps and dwelling?
collapse el ami were buried in places to
the second story.
Report From Mexico of Assassination
of Guatemalan President May
New York. June 10. Up to 10 today
no confirmation had be-en received of
the report that President' Cabrera of
Guatemala was assassinated. This r
port came by way of Mexico last nigh..
War in Asia.
Teheran, June 10. It is reported
Hissam Mulk, the rebellious prince, at
tacked Salar El Dowleh, governor or
Luristan province, near Hihavenl.
western Persia Saturday, but was com
pelled to retreat with heavy losses.
Start Long Race.
Pekin. June 10. Three French, one
Dutch and one Italian motor cars start
ed this morning in the Pekin to Paris