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FIFTY-SEVENTH YEAR. NO. 58.
THE ARGUS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1907.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
MOVING GaOUHTAH OF DIRT
If J EACH MONTH AT PANAMA
WITNESS ALLEGES PLOT
TO OUST STATE OFFICERS
v' THE BABE OF BETHLEHEM.
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Remarkable Progress is
Reported in Work by
COMPARISON IS DRAWN
Suez Waterway Could Have
Been Dug in 3.8 Years at
Washington, Dec. 24. The excava
tion from the Panama caual last
month, aggregating 1.83S.4S6 cubic
yards, would cover 10 city blocks to a
depth of 40 feet. No such work ever
lias been done before as Colonel Goe
thcls is doing on the isthmus. Every
00 days the commission is moving an
amount of material equal to the pyr
amid of Cheops, which consumed the
labor or 100,000 men for 20 years.
The commission could build the Suez
canal at the present rate of progress
in three and eight-tenths years, though
It took 10 years for De Lesseps . to
complete his work. The Manchester
ship canal could be excavated by the
American canal builders in 25 months
and even Emperor William's magnity
cent Kiel canal could be dug by the
Americans in five years.
Health Grnrrnllj Good.
According to the latest health report
from Panama the Isthmus has been
free from yellow fever for more than
18 months and there has been a steady
and continued Improvement in the
health conditions. Comparing the
death rate for the year up to Dec. 1
with that for the corresponding period
in 1906, there has been a 50 per cent
decrease, the figures being for this
year 2.66 per 1.000 against 3.61 last
year. The sick rate also showed a
marked improvement, being 20.49 for
November against 26.9 for October,
today formally rested its case in the
prosecution of John R. Walsh, who Is
accused of misappropriating funds of
the Chicago National bank. Judge An
derson adjourned court until Thursday.
NOT TRODDEN UPON
National Government in No
Danger of Usurping Rights
of the States,
JUSTICE HARLAN DECLARES
Widening of Authority to New Fields
Misconstrued by Many, Noted
MRS. BRADLEY SUES
TO BREAK BROWN WILL
Slayer of the Late Senator Asks Half
of $150,000 to Support His
Salt lake City, Utah, Dec. 21. Mrs.
Annie M. Bradley has brought suit to
break the will or the late United
States Senator Arthur Brown, whom
Mrs. Bradley shot and killed In Wash
ington in December, 1906.
One-half of Brown's estate, valued
at $150,000, Is asked for the support
New York, Dec. 24. Associate Jus
tice Harlan of the United States su
preme court made a notable address
last night at a dinner given at the
Hotel Plaza by the Kentucky associa
tion of New York. The address was
notable as an expression of one of the
foremost judicial authorities of the
country in answer to recent criticisms
on the tendency of the federal govern
ment to enlarge its powers beyond the
limits laid down by the federal con
stitution. Letters of regret were read from
President Roosevelt, Vice President
Fairbanks, and Speaker Cannon. In
each letter were expressions of high
legard for Justice Harlan.
No Caunc for Alarm.
Justice Harlan in his address dis
agreed with those who expressed grave
apprehension as to the stability of the
government. He declared there is no
occasion for alarm and expressed con
fidence that the American people will
take care that no harm shall come to
the government. They are more deter
mined than ever to maintain both na
tional and state rights as those rights
exist under the union ordained by the
National power and state power must
go hand in hand, in harmony with the
constitution. That both have certain
constitutional powers has been repeat
edly declared by the United States su
preme court, and these decisions have
been almost universally approved by
i the people.
Covers Wliler Field.
It is true that the national power as
now exerted covers a wider field of
action than it did in the early days of
the republic. This does not prove that
it has entered the domain reserved by
and for the states. It proves only that
the nation has from time to time, as
public interest demanded, brought into
active operation power which congress
had not previously chosen to exert.
Justice Harlan contended that in doing
this the nation was within its constitu-
of the two snnn horn to him liv Mr
Bradley Arthur, aged 7, and Martin iUonal rights and has not invaded the
Montgomery, aged 4
In Mrs. Bradley's possession is the
following statement, which was road
at her trial for murder: -
Salt Lake, March 25, 1905. I ac
knowledge Arthur Brown and Martin
Montgomery as my children' by Annie
M. Bradley. ARTHUR BROWN.
Mrs. Maddison, mother of Mrs.
Bradley was appointed guardian for
rights of states.
FIND 174 MINERS'
BODIES IN A HEAP
Total Number Now Recovered
Jacob's Creek 120 Funerals
of Dozen Victims Held.
NEGRO HALLS ARE
BEING BLOWN UP
Reign of Terror Exists Among Georgia
Blacks at Repeated Dynamiting
of Their Lodgerooms.
Albany, Ga.,Dec. 24. Advices from
Kestler, where a negro secret society
hall was blown up by dynamite, state
that the outrages are being repeated.
Two halls near Kestler were dyna
mited Friday night. Five halls have
been demolished within a month.
There Is a reign of terror among the
negroes,-who believe that whites are
dynamiting their halls on account of
labor troubles and secret societies.
Jacob's Creek, Pa., Dec. 21 Search-
parties at the Darr mine today
eached entry No. 27, where they
found 74 bodies in a heap. This makes
the total number recovered 120. To
day was funeral day at the mine.
Twelve identified bodies were taken
from the temporary morgue and placed
in a line along the tracks of the Pitts
burg and Lake Erie railroad. The
last sad ceremonies were conducted in
the open air. with hundreds of friends,
relatives and sightseers as spectators.
The resultant scenes were extremely
TRAIN ROBBERY KEPT QUIET
South Dakota Banks Get Mail Mutil
ated by Pouch Robbers. .
Lead, S. D., Dec. 24. Evidence of a
train robbery that has been kept se
cret was revealed here by the receipt
of banks and business houses of en
velopes which had been opened. Across
the envelopes was stamped "Mutil
ated by. pouch robbers." The letters
were . forwarded from Omaha, where
they had been stamped. Many of the
letters contained checks, and so far
as learned only money , was taken by
WALSH PROSECUTION OPENS
Judge Anderson Adjourns Court at
Chicago Till Thursday.
Chicago, Deo. 24.' The government
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prepared by the attorney general to
remove the dam of the Economy Light
&. Power company at Dresden Heights
and to rescind leases and deeds made
by the canal commissioners. I
"The matter is entirely in the hands
of Attorney General Stead," the gov
ernor said in his statement, "and is re
ceiving the prompt and vigorous atten
tion which he invariably, gives any
matter before him. He has employed
as' specfal assistants ex-Congressman
Walter Reeves of Streator and Merritt
Starr of Chicago. In my judgment,
better selections could not have been
made. With Attorney General Stead
personally In charge of this waterway
litigation, assisted by Messrs. Reeves
and Starr, no one will for a moment
doubt that the rights and interests of
the state will be fully protected.
No Basin for Interfere.
"In view of the fact that my water
way message seems to have been re
garded by some as evidence of un
friendly or strained relations between
the attorney general and myself, 1
take this opportunity to say there is
no basis whatever for any such infer
ence. "My message disagrees with the
opinion of the attorney general in only
one or two particulars, which have
been greatly magnified. Furthermore,
the fact that we should honestly differ
upon a proposition of law is not at all
strange, and is no reflection on either
. "My relations with Attorney General
Stead, both officially and personally.
are now and always have been of the
most cordial and friendly character.
For three years I have consulted witH
him almost daily, and frequently many
times a day. Upon all Important ofB
cial matters before me, involving ques
tions of law, I have requested his writ
ten opinions," have received them
promptly, and because of my conn
dence in his judgment and legal abil
ity have acted upon them without
No Nolne About It.
"Without noise or flourish of trump
ets he has attended strictly to the du
ties of bis office. The state of Illinois
never had an abler, more conscientious,
or more fearless public official. That
this is generally recognized is evident
from the fact that his rumination is
conceded by every one."
Startling Testimony Given
in the Trial of Ca
RALLY TO HUGHES
Members of New York Republi
can Club Endorse Governor
ROOSEVELT NOT MENTIONED
Federal Office Holders Among Those
Who Enthusiastically Support
New York, Dec. 24. With only nine
opposing voles, the Republican club of
the city of New York, at a special
meeting last night, adopted a resolu
tion endorsing Governor Charles Evans
Hughes as the republican candidate
for president. The resolutions also in
vited the cooperation of the people
throughout the country to secure his
(Jrerlrd With n Oioer.
The resolution was greeted with a
cheer that virtually shook the ceiling
of the banquet hall where the meeting
was held. Prior to this action a reso
lution was introduced by Job Hedges
advocating the sending of an unin
structed delegation from this state to
READY TO GO TO HER HOME
Mrs. Longworth Rapidly Recovering
After Recent Operation.
Washington, Dec. 24. Mrs. Long
worth has so far recovered from the
effects of the operation for appendi
citis that she will leave the White
house Thursday for her own residence.
the republican national convention in
Chicago next year and had been voted
down with a roar.
llel From Fulrrnl Crowd.
This resolution was supported by
some or the federal office holders.
friends of Congressman Herbert Par
sons, the chairman of the New York
county republican committee, who, at
a meeting of the organization last
Thursday night, after a conference
with President Roosevelt at the White
house, contrived to have ' the resolu
tion endorsing Governor Hughes for
the presidency sidetracked. At the
meeting last night the name of Presi
dent Itoosevelt was not even mea
SUNDAY LAW FOUND GOOD
Supreme Court Gives Decision Against
Washington, Doc. 24. That the or
dinance oQ the city of Minneapolis
prohibiting the .keeping of saloons-
open on Sundays is not in violation of
the federal constitution was yesterday
judicially declare! by the supreme
court of the United Slates in the case
of the state of Minnesota vs. Val Mar-
Mareiniak is the owner of a saloon
in Minneapolis and was prosecuted in
the municipal court of that city. Sen
tenccd to pay a fine of $25, he ap
FRIEND OF STEAD
Gov. Deneen Takes Recognition
of Rumor of Discord in
SHAH OF PERSIA
Ruler Yields . on Every Demand
Controversy with Constitutional
OVER ECONOMY POWER DEAL
Matter of Prosecuting Suits Entirely
In Hands of the Attorney Gen
eral, He Says.
Springfield, ill., Dee. 21. Governor
Deneen. took official recognition yester
day of the reports" that he and Attor
ney General Stead found their relations
strained as a result of the waterways
litigation. The recognition came in
the shape of a formal denial that any
thing had arisen to make the two offi
cials think the less of each other.
In a statement issued last night the
governor prefaced what no had to say
regarding Mr. Stead with the state
ment that there had been many inquir
ies to learn just what progress was be
ing made in the matter of removing
obstructions from the Desplaines and
He explained that suits were being
of the details of the declaration sub
mitted to the assembly by the shah, in
which the latter accepted the demands
made upon him by the constitutional
leaders. This declaration provides
that Said-Ed-Dowle and the intriguing
priests be banished and the persons
responsible for the recent disorders be
punished; that Ala-Ed-Dowleh and his
brother be allowed to return to Persia;
that 200 infantrymen be placed as a
permanent guard before the parlia
ment buildings; that 411 troops, includ
ing the Cossack brigade, which hither
to has been an independent command,
be placed under the ministry of war,
and that the Russian officers of the
Cossack brigade shall only instruct the
men, not command them, as they have
hitherto done. All the shops in Te
heran are reopened.
HEART DISEASE VICTIMS GROW IN NUMBER YEARLY
Matches Start Big Blaze.
Des Moines, - Iowa, Dec. 24. Fire
practically destroyed the W. J." Pratt
Wall Paper company. The loss is
$100,000. A careless employe dropped
a match near two carloads of matches.
Special Election to Fill Vacancy.
Springfield, 111., Dec, 24. A special
election for congressman in the 25th
district owing to the death of George
W. Smith of Murphysboro has been
called by Governor Deneen. It will
be held Feb. 25, 1908. 4 ,
Pay Cash at Dec Moines.
Dea Moines, lowa, Dec.: 24. The
banks of Dos Moines announce the
resumption of cash payments.
Chicago, Dec. 24. The pace that kills
is not confined to Chicago and New
York. From widely separated cities
come, reports of an increased number
of deaths due to heart disease. Statis
tics from 17 cities, covering practic
ally the entire United States,., show
that in 1906 , the ljumber of victims of
heart iliaeast was 16,163. Estimating
the fatalities 'from this cause for the
last 10 days of 1907,. the figures this
year will reach the alarming total of
18,509 anincrease of 2,346 In the
cities from which figures have been
obtained. ' . '
Cliiraito la Third.
. 11 11U111U.. , . - -.
heads the H4 with 7,059, Philadelphia
Is second with, 2.C32, and Chicago third,
the number here being z,437. ,
The percentage of increase Is great
est in Toledo, Ohio, where there is a
leap of 70-per cent over last year's
figures. - ' '
San Francisco shows a decrease, and
naturally. In 1906 there were 1,034
Many of them were directly caused by
IIKATIIS KKOM IHMKT 1ISKSF
1906. 1907. Inc.
Atlanta, Ga. . . . . . . 99 102 3
Baltimore, Md. ... 881 874 7
Boston, Mass. ....1,118 1,268 150
Buffalo,' N. Y 349 370 21
Chicago... 2,195.2,497 302
Cincinnati, Ohio .. 59 61. 2
Cleveland, Ohio ... 417 446 29
Columbus, Ohio ... 215 227 12
Detroit, Mich .. 551 751 200
New York 5,557 7,0591,502
Omaha, Neb. w.... 30 32 2
Philadelphia, .. .. .2,506 2,632; 126
Pittsburg, Pa. 263 292 ' 29
Providence, R. I... 328 364 36
San Francisco 1,034 931 103
Toledo, Ohio 23 39 16
Washington, D. C. 638 564 74
all olher cities reported there Is an
IVople Munt "Slow nffwa."
Health department officials and phy
sicians generally assert that nothing
but a letup in the "steam pressure" of
American, life will prevent constant in
crease of the peril which besets the
At the same time they agree that
the average man in a city will not go
"back to nature" until It Is too late to
gain any benefit from the move.
The. sign post of danger, the medl
cal men assert, has been up for years,
and it haa been consistently Ignored
by the persons most in danger, whose
excuse always is that they are "too
busy to rest," when the physician
orders them to cease work.
the great earthquake and fire of ApriJ
of that year. The 1907 death roll from
the same cause is estimated at 931-
The'national capital shows a slight
falling off, as does-' Baltimore, but in
Skipper and His Wife Drown.
New Haven, Conn., Dec. 24.--Cap-
taln Henry Scribuer of the barge New
Haven and his wife were drowned In
the sound yesterday off Woodmont
Their barge foundered and they tried
to row ashore.- Six of the crew were
rescued. . -": ',' :
Declares He Was Informed
2,000 Men Planned to Eject
Taylor and Others.
Georgetown, Ky., Dec. 24. In the
trial of Caleb Powers for the murder
of Governor Goebel, Stephen G. Sharp,
United State district marshal and for
mer state treasurer,, testified that di
rectly after the shooting of Goebel he
went to Governor W. S. Taylor and
offered his services to defend him. .
Taylor directed him to take charge of
the defense of the building which he
did not allow anybody to enter.
Vet Inxldr Information.
Sharp startled the court and spec
tators by stating three days before
Goebel was shot, he (Sharp) was given
reliable information by prudent demo
crats that the democrats had ordered
2,000 guns and ammunition for the
same, and that men would be on hand
to man the gun's and Taylor and other
republican state officials would be for
cibly ejected from office.
Reanon for Reaort to A rum.
This, he said, was why armed re
publicans were about the executive
building and why state troops had
been notified to be in readiness to
move, as he had communicated these
facts to Governor Taylor and Adjutant
TO CURB CAPITAL
Tom Lawson Says Wall Street Inter
ests Will Finance Campaign to
Elect Anyone Else.
Boston, Mass., Dec. 24. Thomas V.
I Lawson in a statement last night con-
in I firmed a New York interview of Sun
day, in which he announced he has
decided to launch a movement which
has for its object the reelection of
Teheran. Dec. 24 The president of i president Roosevelt and the elevation
the assembly, has informed that body of Governor Johnson of Minnesota to
the vice president's chair. Lawson
claims Roosevelt's election Is neces
sary to save the country from disaster
and that any other republican or even
William J. Bryan would be so satis
factory to New York financial inter
ests, that they will willingly finance
either or both parties through the
campaign to any extent necessary.
Lawson adds that Bryan is "clean.
honest and unpurchasable, but the
money power he believes can "dis
credit him at the very beginning by
showing the world his helplessness In
handling and controlling the situation
which has almost stumped President
Roosevelt to handle." -
HAVE $4,176,873,717 IN
NATIONAL BANK DEPOSITS
Statement by Controller of Currency
Also Shows $223,1 17,082 to Credit
of United States.
Washington, Dec. 24. A statement
showing the condition of the national
banks of the United States at the close
of business Dec. 3 has been made pub
lic by the controller of the currency.
It shows that the total loans and dis
counts of the banks aggregate $4,583,-
337.094; individual deposits, $4,176.-
873,717; cash resources, $660,784,736;
capital stock, $901,681,682; United
States deposits, $223,117,082. The net
balance of clearing house certificates
in the banks on the date named was
$64,34 4.128. ' The percentage of legal
reserve to deposits is 21.31 per cent.
Atlanta Bank Closes Doors.
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 24. The Neal
State bank was closed yesterday fol
lowing an announcement that the bank
officials had asked the state bank ex
aminer to take charge of its affairs
President Thornten-of the institution
Js confident all the depositors will be
paid in fulL "
Memphis Bank Closes.
Memphis, Tenn., Dec. 24. The Mem
phis Savings bank failed: to. open its
doors this morning.
ndications Are That He Has Been
Kicked Out of Office Captain
Washington, Dec 21. President
Roosevelt today received and accepted
the resignation of Rear Admiral WIl
lard H. Brownson as chief of the bu-,
reau of navigation, effectively Imme
diately. Captain Cameron wtnsiow
was appointed to succeed the admiral.
No reason for the resignation was
given at the White house.
AT PORT OF SPAIN
End of First Stage of Long Cruise
" Reached In Evening Stricken
Port of Spain. Trinidad, Dec 24.
The American battleship fleet, which
sailed from Hampton Roads Dec. 16
for the Pacific ocean, arrived here at
6: SO o'clock last evening." ; --
San Juan, Porto Rico, Dec. 24. Ben
jamin Northway, the fireman on ' the
battleship Missouri, who was brought
here by that vtssei for treatment for
peritonitis, died shortly after" his' ar
rival at the hospital and was burled
in the San Juan military cemetery.
His home was in Worcester, Mass. r