Newspaper Page Text
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FIFTY-SEVENTH YEAR. NO. 62.
THE ARGUS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1907.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
TAFT SAYS PHILIPPINES
MUST BE HELD GENERATION
Secretary Makes First
Public Speech Since
His World Tour.
IS HEARD AT BOSTON
Dangerous, He Declares, to
Relinquish Control of the Is
lands at This Time.
Boston, Mass., Dec. 30. Secretary of
War Taft made his first public utter
ance since his worid circling tour here
today. Although coming to Boston
principally as the guest of the Mer
chants' association, Taft consented to
meet many persons in other walks of
life and a program which included a
lirief address to the leading ministers
at the regular Monday morning gather
ing congregation of the divines and
luncheon with Governor Guild and a re
ception by Jews at (he Ely scum club
in the afternoon was arranged.
SpriikM of the I'liilipiilurM.
Iii his address before the ministers
Taft touched at length on the progress
made in the Philippines politically,
educationally and sanitary, all of which
lie said tended toward ultimate self
government. He spent considerable
time in refuting the arguments of the
so-called anti-imperialists, a majority
of whose advocates he seemed to
think belonged in Boston.
Ilolil for n tienernllon.
He said with only 7 per cent of the
inhabitants of the Philippines suffi
ciently educated to understand self
government it would be dangerous to
give the islands over at this time.
He placed ultimate self government at
not earlier than a generation, or per
haps two of them.
Taft was warmly greeted by the
audience and several ':V'dlpff djvinps
who spoke briefly referred to his po
litical future and expressed the hope
lie might become president.
HUNT FOR ELOPING
RECTOR IS ENDED
Rev. J. K. Cooke of Hempstead, L.
Is Working as Laborer at Frisco
to Support "Family."
San Francisco, Dec. 30. The Call
today publishes an interview with
Rev. Jere Knode Cooke, formerly pas
tor of St. George's church of Hemp
stead, L. I., who it is alleged left his
wife some eight months ago, eloping
with a 17-year-old heiress named Flor
etta Wbaley. The pair have been
located, it is said, in a flat in Green
sfreet, this city, while the search has
been going on for them all over the
A child has been born to them dur
ing the interval. The rector is work
ing as a painter and decorator and
when not occupied in that line is
doing the hardest kind of manual labor
for the support of himself, companion
MILLS ARE RESUMING IN EAST
Steel Company at Pottsville, Pa., Re
opens, Giving 1,000 Work.
Pottsville, Pa., Dec. 30. More than
a thousand men were made happy to
day when work was resumed at the
plant of the Eastern Steel company
here. The managers say the plan will
run live days a week.
Making Shoes Again.
Manchester, N. H., Dec. 30. The fac
tories of F. M. Hayt & Co., manufac
turers of boots and shoes in East Man
chester, which have been closed down
for several weeks, resumed operations
today. Almost 750 hands are at work
THEATER FIRE VICTIMS
Memorial Association Recalls Catas
trophe Which Occurred Four
Years Ago Today.
Chicago, Pec. 30. Relatives of those
whose lives were sacrificed in the Iro
quois . theater renewed their annual
tribute at the altar of memory yester
day, afternoon. Chicago was charged
FOR STEEL COMPANY
Trenton, N. J., Dec. 30. An applica
tion for a receiver for the Passaic
Steel ennmanv was made In the federal
court this afternoon.
by speakers at the annual service of
the Iroquois Memorial association with
being forgetful of the COO victims who
perished four years ago today. The
service was held at Willard hall.
It was declared that commercialism,
rather than sentiment, dominates the
municipality, with' the result that no
fitting monument has been raised to
the memory of the Iroquois dead.
Members of the association express
ed the hope that some day funds suffi
cient will be raised for the purchase
of the Colonial theater, which then
will be transferred into an emergency
hospital, dedicated to the memory of
those who died within its walls.
LOST FRAGMENT OF
THE BIBLE IS FOUND
Professor Henry A. Sanders of the
University of Michigan Makes
Chicago, Dec. 30. The Daily News
today says: "A new saying of Christ,
lost to the world for 13 centuries and
found in Egypt, was given to the world
for the first time today by Professor
Henry A. Sanders of the University of
Michigan, addressing members of the
Archaeological institute now in session
here. The fragment is part of an old
bible dating back to the Moslem con
quest of Egypt, and on its face is so
authentic as to disarm hostile criti
cism. The long lost fragment belongs
to the 10th chapter of the gospel of St.
Mark, and follows the Mth verse. It
relates to the story of Christ's appear
ance following his death to It of his
apostles in Jerusalem, and contains
the statement that the destruction of
sin in the world is near at hand."
WILL ISSUE CALL
Notifies President He Will Convene
Legislature and Federal Troops
Are to Stay Three Weeks.
Washington. . Dec. 30. Governor
Sparks of Nevada today -wired Presi
dent Roosevelt he is preparing a proc
lamation calling the legislature of Ne-
v4a into extra session. According to
the president's last communication to
the governor the troops will now be
ordered to remain at Goldfleld for a
period of three weeks.
Goldfield, Nev., Dec. 30. Acting on
the suggestion of prominent citizens
Captain Cox, who is representing Gov
ernor Sparke hero, advised the gov
ernor today that two full companies of
federal troops would be ample for the
situation and advised the excuse of the
remainder now here from further ser
vice in Nevada.
WILL HAVE CAFE WHERE
WOMEN MAY SMOKE
New York Proprietor Arranges New
Year's Eve Gift in Honor of
New York, Dec. 30. James B. Mar
tin, proprietor of the Cafe Martin, has
let it be known that he is arranging a
holiday gift to the women of New
York City which is to be a milestone
in restaurant development.
On New Year's eve "all ladies" may
smoke cigarets in any of the rooms of
the restaurant at Twenty-sixth street
and Fifth avenue, and this privilege
may become permanent thereafter if
all goes well.
"Smoking by women is never objec
tionable," he said. "The smartest
women in New York smoke, so why
should puritanical proprietors rule
against this mode of procedure any
more than against driuking cocLtails
or highballs?" .
ROB AND MURDER AGENT
B. & O. Said to Have Lost Large Sum
Clarington, Ohio, Dec. 30. Edward
Hutchinson of the Baltimore & Ohio
railway -station here was robbed and
murdered at an early hour today and
(he station burned over his head.
While the railroad officials will not
talk about his case, it is said the mur
derers got away with a large sum of
Worked with a Broken Back.
St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 30. After work
ing seven days with his back broken
and being unaware all that time of
serious injury. John Tintura, coal min
er or Bush, III., fainted in the Union
station Saturday night, and was taken
to the hospital, where physicians say
he cannot recover. Tintura was struck
with a lump of cdal Dec. 21, but felt
only numbing pains and continued
with his work
A'Oki Says Farewell
- 1 Washington, Dec, 30. Ambassador
Aokl called at the state departmen
' foilnr to snv firewell to Seerptirr
Root prior to hlsdejarture for Japan.'
COLORADO IS HIT
Reform Wave Strikes Mountain
State and Gambling is
ATTORNEY GENERAL IS BUSY
Notifies District Officials to Act
He Will Step in and Enforce
Denver, Col., Dec. 30. Gambling
houses which have been openly con
ducted , in Denver for several years
were closed today on orders from
Mayor Speer, following the .publication
of open letters to all district attorneys
calling upon them to enforce the laws,
and announcing if they failed in the
performance the attorney general
would act iu their stead.
The midnight and Sunday saloon
closing laws, it is announced, will also
be enforced, and prize fighting stopped
in Colorado. 1
lout I nue Sumlny War.
Kansas City. Mo., Dec. CO. The
closing of the Grand Opera house,
which is managed by A. Judah, who
has been a leading spirit in opposition
to the Sunday closing policy of Judge
William H. Wallace of the criminal
court was a feature of the situation
in this eiry yesterday. All other the
aters except Wilds Vood and the Ma
jestic, which capitulated' two Sundays
ago, were open as usual, making it ap
parent that the contest between Judge
Wallace and the theaters is to be con
SWALLOWING NEEDLES IS
ONE ROUTE TO SUICIDE
New York Woman Who Used 144 Dies
After All But a Dozen Had Been
Removed from Body.
New York, Dec. 30. Mrs. Mollie
Desmond, who attempted to commit
suicide 18 months ago by swallowing
a package of 144 needles, died today
after physicians had made 25 surgical
operations upon her and had removed
ail but a dozen of the needles. Do
mestic troubles induced Mrs. Desmond
to try this extraordinary method of
WRECK ADDS TO MISFORTUNE
Rock Island Engineer Killed Soon Af
ter Two Children Were Burned.
Duncan, Okla., Dec. 30. Henry
White, the engineer, was killed and
two mail clerks and two express mes
sengers were injured when a Rock
Island passenger train was wrecked
near here Saturday afternoon. Otto
Koonty of Kansas City, assistant bag
gageman, may die. White's two chil
dren were burned to death when fire
destroyed his residence in Fort Worth
a few weeks ago.
WAS OLD RAILROAD BUILDER
Dr. W. R. Hamilton Dies at Peoria,
Peoria,- Dec. 30. Dr. William R
Hamilton, aged 92, ex-mayor of the
city and volunteer surgeon in the civil
war. is dead. Hamilton was president
of the construction company which
built the Pacific and Rock Island rail
road, now part of the Rock Island sys
OCEAN LINER STOPS WHILE DOCTOR
PERFORMS A DELICATE OPERATION
New York, Dec. 30. In the midst of
the Christmas day festivities on board
and while a heavy sea was on, the big
Cunard liner Pannonia, which arrived
yesterday from Miditerranean ports,
wab brought to a stop in order that
the ship's, surgeon might have the
most favorable conditions under which
to perform an operation for appendi
citis. The steamer lay to for an hour
while, the delicate cutting and stitch
ing was done.' The patient, a man
passenger, is recovering.
Battled With tbe lee.
A fleet of seven trans-Atlantic
steamships, including besides the Pan
DISPUTE POWER OF
MILLION FOR CHARITABLE INSTITUTION
Boston, Dec. 30. Disputing the
power, of Mrs. Mary Baker Glover
Eddy, head of the Christian Science
church, to make disposition of so large
a part of her fortune, formal notices
have been served upon Trustees Mc
Lellan, Fernald and Baker, having in
charge Mrs: Eddy's estate, ordering
them not to make the $1,000,000 to
found a charitable institution recently
announced or any other appropriation
froin- Mrs; Eddy's, estate, pending the
outcome of litigation. -
"According to former United Slates
Senator 'William E. Chandler, this ac
tum- is to be followed by" Ar. new law
suit Involving the Christian Science
Earth Moves Five Milli
meters at Washing
tori, D. C,
ShOCkS BCOlfl Shortly After
. .... . .. . i
iYiiumyiu anu ounuuuB iur
Nearly Two Hours.
Washington, Dec. 30. A very heavy
earthquake was recorded on the instru
ment at the coast and geodetic observ
atory at Cheltenham, Md., this morn
ing. It commenced at 32 minutes and
30 seconds past midnight and lasted
two hours. The maximum displace
ment was C4 millimeters.
The weather bureau today issued the
following bulletin: "A distinct earth-
quake of considerable intensity was
ecorded by : the seismograph at the
weather bureau, commencing at 12:33
a. m. and lasted for over an hour. The
first preliminary tremors continued for
4 minutes and 55 seconds . The strong
est motion occurred at 12:45 a. m., at
which time the actual movement of
the ground at Washington was about
COAL LAND FRAUD
Judge Lewis at Denver Squashes In
dictments Which Frees 50 Prom
inent Men from Prosecution.
Denver. Dec. i30. Judge Lewis in
the federal coiiijt today quashed all in
dictments and sustained all demurrers
in the coaL-liUkl fraud cases thereby
releasing about 50 prominent defend
ants from prosecution.
ROSES BLOOM OUT OF DOORS
Unusual Weather Brings Plants Out
Dover, Del., Dec. 30. Roses are in
bloom out of doors at the t Pennsyl
vania Railroad company's flower gar
den at this place. A succession of
mild days and springlike Christmas
week hurried the buds.
York, Pa., Dec. 30. The springlike
weather here the past week has caused
numerous dandelions to crop up and
bloom in the fields and yards.
WAS MOTHER OF SHAW S WIFE
Mrs. John Dunn Passes Away at
mancne, lowa, Aged 89.
Clinton, Dec. 30. Mrs. John Dunn,
the mother of the wife of former Sec-land were delivered at St. Louis, Mo.,
retary of the Treasury Shaw, died injor at East St. Louis, 111., just across
Camanche Saturday, aged 89.
nonia, the Campania, Cedric, St.
Louis, Pretoria, Caronia and Minne
apolis, came creeping into port yester
day, bearing scars of haltering seas,
which held the liners back and de
layed them a day In their trip across
On Christmas day the storm was so
heavy that only a dozen of the cabin
passengers of the St. Louis went to
the dining room for dinner. None of
the steamers were seriously damaged,
though at one time the officers of the
Pretoria used oil to calm the turbulent
The Campania brought $3,000,000 in
specie and the Cedric $1,200,000.
MRS. EDDY TO GIVE
bead and her trustees, brought by the
next friends," Mrs. Eddy's son George
W. Glover, his daughter, Mary Baker
Glover, and Mrs. Eddy's adopted son,
Dr. Ebenezer J. Foster of Waterbury, I paid 6 and the balance (12 cents) nev
Vt. . ler physically passed back and forth
The contention of Mr. Chandler is
that the, proposed appropriation of $1, -
000,000 is in direct violation of Mrs.
Eddy's deed; of trust of March 6, 1907,
uy wmcn sne mrnea over all her prop
euy to tne three trustees for life, re-1 "The other proposition of Mr. Mof
serving only the right to use the ln-Jfett is that there was "no discrimina-
come and certain realty, and which
act marKea tne partial termination
litigation against her and the trustees
ny tne "next mends" a monthsloents rate from Whiting to East St.
REPLY IS GIVEN
Herbert Knox Smith Officially
Answers Pamphlet Issued
by Oil Company.
BROUGHT OUT BY BIG FINE
History of Case Which Resulted
$29,240,000 Penalty Is Once
Washington, Dec. 30. The federal
government has fired another Broad
side at the Standard Oil. It is in the
form of an answer to the pamphlet Is
sued by James A. Moffett, president
of the Standard Oil company of Indi-
ana. aoou auer junw ivcucoan
Landis imposed on that corporation
the famous $29,210,000 fine last August.
Every contention made by Mr. Mof
fett is swept away, his allegations are
called "evasions," and the acts which
he says were legal are denounced as
links iu a chain of illegal practices
which the oil trust has indulged in for
Mr. Moffett's "statement" contended,
in effect, tnat tne sianaara uu com
pany was being persecuted by the gov
ernment; that it never knowingly vio
lated any laws, and that the things for
which it was sentenced were practices
Judge Landis directed the federal
grand jury to investigate the allega-
tions in Mr. Moffetts statement. Ac
cordingly the inquisitors haled Mr.
Moffett before them, but when under
oath jie failed to substantiate the dec
larations so boldly set forth in the
pamphlet which had been seut broad
cast over the country.
As the prosecution and conviction of
the company grew out of the exposure
of its practices made by the bureau of
corporations, Herbert Knox Smith,
commissioner of that bureau, was or
dered by Secretary of Commerce and
Labor Straus to report officially on
Mr. Moffett's charges.
Aoiinrr of the Commissioner.
"On Aug. 3, 1907, at Chicago, the
Standard Oil company of Indiana was
fined $29,240,000 for the violation of
the Elkins anti-rebate law," the com
missioner says. "This was the so-
called 'Alton case.'
"Various statements have since ap
peared, one In particular signed by the
president of that company, James A.
Moffett, others in the public press, and
also a series of confidential circular
'trade letters,' all endeavoring to throw
doubt on the legality and equity of
Mnat Repeat Story.
"These statements have made It nee
essary to show once more that the
transactions which form the basis of
this conviction at Chicago were such
as struck at the life and spirit of the
Elkins anti-rebate law and of the pol
Icy of congress in forbidding unfair
ness as between shippers.
"The question in this case was one
of a published 18 cent rate to Eas
1st. Louis, as against a secret 6-cent
rate. The oil shipments Involved In
Ca-lthis so-called 'Alton' conviction start-
led from Whiting, ind., tne great re-
I finery of the Standard, near Chicago
the river from St. Louis, by the Chi
cago & Alton railroad. They covered
a period from Sept. 1, 1903, to March
One-Third of Published Hate,
'During the time so stated, 1,462
cars of oil were carried from Whiting,
Ind., to East St. Louis over the Alton
road for the Standard Oil company at
the rate of G cents per 100 pounds.
just one-third of the said published
"This same secret '6 cent rate had
been used by the Standard Oil com
pany, and by no one else, for many
years prior to this period. lb was not
Bled with the interstate commerce com
mission, and was absolutely secret anj
unknown to independent oil refiners
or to shippers generally.
Moffett' Statement Evasion.
"The statement of James A. Moffett
uses the following remarkable lan
'It must be borne in mind that there
is, no question of rebate or discrimina
tion la this case. 1 1 !:i!'fiiH;i
Whether It was a 'rebate' or not is
a mere question of words. Apparently
the position of Mr. Moffett is that If
he had actually Datd the .Alton railroad
18 cents per hundred pounds and re
ceived back 12 cents, so as to' make a
net rate of 6 cents, this would have
I been a 'rebate.
h "But that, because the lawful rate
I was 18lcents and his company only
I between : his company and the Alton
1 railroad, although the result was exact
lb' the same, it was not a 'rebate. This
1 statement Is simply an evasion.
- 1 Claimed No Diaertniaation.
I tkm in this case. Apparently his po-
otlsitlon is that because no one else Is
J known to have paid the published 18
lliiil vhlla hla rvwnnanv u-"a nnvlncr
C cents, therefore there was no dis
crimination. "On the contrary, this situation
proves that not only was there dis
crimination, but that this discrimina
tion had worked out its logical result,
so that no one else could ship at 18
cents in competition with the Stand
ard's 6 cents rate.
'Precisely this and other secret dis
criminations in shipments from Whit
ing produced that complete state of
monopoly In the vicinity of Chicago
which the Standard now calmly desig
nates as 'absence of discrimination."
"This 6 cent Alton rate was a 're
ate' in essence, if not in form, and
both in essence and in form it was a
discrimination of the most severe and
SAILS ONCE MORE
Battleship Fleet Leaves Port of
Spain for Rio Janeiro,
TWELVE DAYS FOR JOURNEY
Imposing Scene Witnessed by Large
Number of People of City Which
Gave Warm Welcome.
Port of Spain, Trinidad, Dec. 30.-
The American battlesbjp fleet weighed
anchor at 4 o'clock yesterday after
noon and steamed for Rio Janeiro. Ac:
companying the fleet were the supply
ships Culgoa and Glacier.
Long before the hour set a myriad
of small craft, chiefly launches and
steam yachts, moved up and down
along the lines of anchored warships,
the merry parties aboard shouting
farewells to the departing visitors.
Thousands of residents climbed the
surrounding hills to view the great
white ships as they moved outward on
their journey of 3,000 miles and more,
while boat loads of excursionists went
to the small islands in the gulf and
others to the floating dock to catch
the last glimpse of the ships that were
so '.royally welcomed to this port al
most a week ago.
Twelve Days to Brazilian Port.
The fleet presented a magnificent ap
pearance as It steamed out in four col- in a coffin and buried in Highgate cem
umns with the supply ships trailing, a'elery. His nephew, George Hollamby
distance of 400 yards separating one Druce, declared that tfiis must be un
divislon from another. With the Con-J true, because T. C. Druce was in fact
necticut in the lead the battleships the fifth duke of Portland, who lived
headed for the Bocas and steamed ma-'until 1879. That being so, George Hol
jestically through the Grand Boca and lamby Druce claims that he himself,
thence along the northern coast of being the senior descendant In the
Trinidad. male line, is now the rightful heir of
An average of from 10 to 11 knots the Portland dukedom, and to certain
an hour will carry the fleet to the end rich estates, the income of which is
of the second lap of the 14,000-mile
journey in about 12 days, and it was
announced by Admiral Evans before
his departure that he expected to reach
Rio Janeiro Friday evening, Jan. 10.
Reeelved Every Courtesy.
During the week of their visit here
the American officers and men receiv
ed every courtesy at the hands of the
residents. Sir Henry Moore Jackson,
the governor of Trinidad, Colonel
Swain, and other high officials gave
dinners and garden parties In honor of
the commander of the fleet and his offi
cers, and there were scores of excur
sions and entertainments for the men,
all of whom enjoyed more than the or
dinary amount of shore liberty.
AMERICANS OUT OF
THE GOLD MARKET
Bank of England. Gets All That
Offered at London Without
London, Dec. 30. There rs no com
petition for gold. Nearly $5,000,000
was available on the market today and
it was all secured by the Bank of Eng
land at a reduction of half a penny.
This tends to confirm the hope that
the American demands for the metal
aT practically satisfied. Discount
rates are easier in consequence.
HE FOUNOED MANY 0ANKS
Zimri Dwiggings, However, Outlived
Most of , Them.
. Rensselar, Ind., Dec. 30. Informa
tion of the death at Lincoln, Neb., of
Zlmrl Dwlgging3 was received today.
He was formerly in the banking busi
ness here and founded a chain of
banks and later founded the Columbia
National bank of Chicago. Many, of
the banks afterward closed their
. Old Editor Seriously III.
Wichita. Kan.. Dec 30. Colonel Mar
Bhall M. Murdock, editor of the Wichi
ta Daily Eagle and one of the oldest
and best known newFpaper men In the
southwest, is critically ill of a stomach
affection. ... .
Remarkable English' Suit
Settled by Opening
Story of a Roll of Lead Being
Placed in the Coffin is
London, Dec' 30. The body of,
Thomas Charles Druce in Highgate
cemetery was exhumed this morning,
just 43 years to a day after its burial.
The coffin was found to contain the
remains of an aged, bearded man, thus
exploding the romantic tale told by
Robert C. Caldwell, and others, who
swore at the recent trial in the perjury
case that it contained a roll of lead.
The plate on the coffin bore the name
of "Thomas Charles Druce."
Seenia to l'rove Case.
According to an official statement
given out by representatives of the
home office and others who were offi
cially present, the exhumation not only,
definitely disposes of the lead myth,
but seems effectually, to prove the body
buried in 1864 was actually that. Of T.
The three-ton monument, which,
marks the resting place of the Druce
family, was removed by a score of
workmen, who' were protected from
public observation Jay a shed which
had been erected around the burial
plot. Within the shed electric light3
were in stalled, so that operations might
proceed without interruption.
All of those in attendance at the
opening of the grave and the coffin
were sworn to secrecy.
Hie Kutate the Trlse.
Herbert Druce, the defendant in the
now famous case, is charged with com
mitting perjury by Bwearing that his
father, Thomas Charles Druce of the
Baker street bazar, died Dec. 28, 1864,
and that he saw the dead body placed
placed at 11,500,008 a year, now being
held by Lord Howard de Walden. The
opening of the grave, however, will
not give conclusive proof of the claim
of George Hollamby Druce.
May Clear Caldwell.
The fifth duke of Portland ad a ,
man known as Thomas C. Druce, have
been declarer to be one and the same
person by a dozen witnesses, and par
ticularly by Caldwell, who testified at
length and in detail to this effect dur
ing the present trial. Caldwell left
London for New York the middle of
December. Upon his arrival he was
arrested at the request of the British
authorities on a charge of perjury. He
is now ill at his home on Staten island.
Should he be brought to trial, the evi
dence obtained from opening the coffin
would do much to convict him.
Opponed Opening; Orave.
Herbert Druce opposed the opening
of .the grave, on the ground that he did
not wish to desecrate his father's re
mains on the whim of a person who
chose to make a claim to an estate he
is not interested in, and who has. put
forward a claim, he declares, he knows
to be untrue. He was obliged, finally,
however, by the popular demand, to
put aside sentiment and consent to tbe
exhumation for the purpose, as his ad
visers say, of once and for all putting
an end to the story for which Caldwell-
alone seems responsible, that there ',
was lead in the coffin.
BODY IS IDENTIFIED
Mystery Over Woman's Remains
at Newark is Finally
Newark, N. J., Dec. 30. The'jroman
whose body was found in a pond last
Thursday was identified today as TVlrs. -Agnes
(or Alice) Young, who formerly
lived with- Mrs. King on Melrose. ave
nue, Brooklyn, as a domestic. ' She
was 36 years old. V
Wisconsin, Justice Dead. -
Madison. Wis.. Dec.- 30. Chief J as
tlce J. B. Cassoday of the state su
preme court died here thl3 morning.